Cordilina is considered to be no less popular among false palms. It is so similar to the dragon season that often even experienced flower growers hardly distinguish them.
Cordilins are common in subtropical and tropical areas of Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, as well as Madagascar and Mascarene Islands. Cordilins Banks, shrub, inseparable and southern grown as tub plants for over 100 years.
The main difference (from dracaenum) is in the number of ovules and seeds in the fruit: Cordilin has up to twenty in each nest. But since these plants almost do not bloom at home, it will be easiest to wean them by the color of the roots (they are white in the cordilin). And, unlike dratsen, the lateral veins of the Cordilin are located at an acute angle relative to the main one.
Now, in everyday life, the Cordilina shrubby, also known as the apical or borderline (S. fruticosa), is more common. It is also known as the tree of kings. Today, many luxurious variegated varieties of it are displayed.
Cordilina is a shrub and its varieties require a sunny location, but do not tolerate direct sun. All year round they need to be kept at a temperature not lower than +18 degrees, providing them with a higher humidity.
Cordilina south (S.ai-stralis) naturally grows on wet plains and rocks in New Zealand. Quite an interesting variety of its Atropurpurea (Atropurpurea) is grown for the sake of dark purple leaves. The plant feels good in bright, cool, well ventilated rooms in winter, as well as in winter gardens.
Once upon a time, James Cook gave the Cordilin the name “cabbage tree”. And the thing is that the local population used its young leaves for food.
Nowadays, raw materials suitable for the manufacture of brushes, mats, rugs and other coarse wicker products are mined from the dry leaves of the Cordilina. Its moisture resistant fiber is used for grapevine garters.
Plant seeds contain fatty oils, in which up to 90% of linoleic acid.
For transplantation Cordilin prepare a mixture of turf land, leaf humus, peat and coarse-grained river sand. You can add pieces of charcoal, which prevent the appearance of rot, and brick chips, which absorb excess water and give the soil looseness, will not be superfluous.
Young plants are transplanted once a year in spring or summer. Copies older in one soil can grow 2-3 years. Its surface in the pot should be constantly loosened for better air flow to the roots.
Periodically, 1-2 times a month, Cordilin is fed with complex fertilizer. The substrate is kept wet, but the plant is not poured (especially in late autumn and winter).
If brown spots appeared on the leaves, it means that watering is insufficient. Cordilins with wide leaves require more abundant watering than narrow ones.
The plant loves bright light, but from direct sunlight on the leaves can burn, so the flower should be pritenyat. Frequent spraying has a beneficial effect on pets.
Cordilina grows slowly enough and with proper care can live a very long time. The most favorable air temperature for her in the summer is + 22-24 degrees, in winter - no less than + 12 degrees. At too low a temperature (usually at night) the leaves become soft and curl. Loss of lower leaves is a natural process for a plant.
Cordilin is propagated by semi-lumber apical cuttings (with one node), the ends of which are preferably processed with a root and planted in a container with underheating. Care of them consists in periodic spraying and watering. At a temperature not lower than +20 degrees, the cuttings rooted in 3-4 weeks.
A top is also badly eaten in a jar with water, to which a root stimulator can be added. Roots appear after 3 months. No less effective reproduction pieces of the stem (stem cuttings) 10 cm long or layering.
If Cordilina is old, the plant can be rejuvenated. To do this, on the exposed trunk, you need to make several transverse cuts, then wrap this place with sphagnum moss (its humidity should be maintained), and close it over with a piece of polyethylene and fix it on both sides.
Dracaeni and Cordilins purify the air from harmful substances very well. Neutralize formaldehyde, trichlorethylene.
Cordilina apical is a tree with a straight false trunk, which sometimes is slightly branchy. Its height can reach up to 2 meters.
When housing maintenance most often the leaves cover the plant from the ground, and the bush for a long time remains compact, without a trunk.
The inflorescence in this species is an axillary panicle. Flowers of small size are mostly white and less often reddish. There are forms with decorative leaves.
Cordilina kiwi is a bushy bushy plant. Its leaves are dark green in color with yellow stripes, fringed. Border sheet plates intense crimson color.
Cordilina straight - a tall plant with a thin stem, rising to a height of 3 meters. The leaves are rather large, green or purple in color. Better growing view in the cool. Optimal room with a temperature of +15 to +18 degrees.
Cordilina is Australian (Cordilina is southern) - the highest species, which in nature reaches 12 m. Externally, the view is most similar to a palm tree. The leaves of the xiphoid form have a length of up to 90 cm.
Inflorescences up to a meter in length and consist of very fragrant flowers. Sometimes the plant is called Cordilina South Australian.
Cordilina red occurs from the Australian continent. In natural conditions, it grows bushes up to 3 m. Because of this, the second name of the plant is Cordilina shrub.
Leaves from dark green to bright red, fruits with a diameter up to 1 cm of bright red color. The plant is unpretentious and can be satisfied for a long time with minimal care. In the summer it is useful to take it to the open air.
Mix plant is not a variety, but various types of plants collected on one pallet.
In the wild form, Cordilina frutikoza has a dark green color. Breeders brought more decorative forms with leaves, which combine strips of various shades of crimson and pink flowers. The inflorescence of this species is a loose panicle.
It is found in the forests of New Zealand. The plant has a straight stem. Its height reaches 3 m. Leaves up to one and a half meters in length form dense bunches.
The top of the sheet plate is green, and the bottom is gray-green. Flowers are white. The flower adapts quickly to its contents.
Stem Cordilina undivided has a thin and almost not bending. The shape of the leaves is belnevidnaya. In the middle of them passes the vein of red. The plant is extremely unpretentious.
Also on sale you can find other types:
- cordilina purple compact,
cordilina ed old
These types are more rare and more difficult to care for.
Tricks of care
In order for the plant to be as bright as possible, it is helpful to air the room in which it is located daily. Culture feels good in a closed room, but the influx of fresh air enhances the metabolic processes in the leaves, from which their color is saturated.
To stimulate growth in late spring or summer It is useful to water the flower with a solution prepared from chicken manure in a concentration: 1 part of manure per 20 parts of water.
It should be noted that there are almost no special signs and superstitions about Cordilin, some believe that it has a positive effect on people's creative abilities.
Therefore, the question almost never arises whether it is possible to keep this species at home. The plant is attractive and unpretentious.
Cordilina will decorate any apartment or office and will delight its owner with its unusual look for years.
Homeland Cordilina, in Latin called Cordyline (from the Greek word "knot, bump" - in the form of rhizomes) - the tropics of the whole world.
In the lap of nature in Australia, Africa, America and Asia, it grows in the form of a tree or a bush of impressive size.
In room conditions, the Cordilina grows not too high - no more than 2 m.
Cordilina False Palm - This is a perennial evergreen plant from the family Agave. Depending on the species, it can grow in the form of a tree or shrub.
Cordilina stalk prone to lignification and denudation due to the death of the lower leaves as they grow, for which it is nicknamed in everyday life "False palm" - on the similarity with real palm trees.
The roots of the plant are very fleshy, creeping, knotted, white. Leaves with or without a central vein are located on the petioles. When flowering Cordilina shrub decorated with panicles with small flowers.
In addition, the Cordilins have leaf stalks and a central vein, which is not present in the dracaena.
The Cordilin genus includes various plant species — about 20 in total. They have green or variegated leaves — with pink, red, or cream strokes or spots. The following varieties are most popular among growers:
- Cordilina straight - a plant with wide leaves, different matte surface, whose height is from 1.4 to 2 m.
The photo shows indoor flower Cordilina:
Cordilina kiwi is a shrub with lush green foliage, often framed by a burgundy border.
Cordilina Frutikoza - a species that grows extremely slowly and does not lose its leaves for a long time, numerous varieties of which differ in the most diverse colors.
Cordilina South - a tree with a thick trunk at the base and long, up to 1 m, narrow and rigid leaves, the bunch of which is located on the top of the plant.
Cordilina Mix - The common name used for batches of seedlings of various species and varieties.
Cordilina apical - a plant with large, up to 80 cm long, green leaves, mottling red or pink markings and located on the top of the shoot, with a woody stem that branches or not, with pink or white flowers and a great love of sunlight.
Cordeline undivided - a tree with leaves narrow at the base, up to 1 m long, often decorated with a raspberry border and orange central vein, and bluish on the underside.
Features care after purchase
A newly purchased copy requires attentive care and a 2-week quarantine. It is important to inspect it for pests and diseases, to shed water with a simple soap and put it away from other green pets.
If there are insects in the pot, need urgent transplant and insecticide treatment. After the specified period, making sure that the plant is healthy, you can transplant it into a new container.
By the amount of light, the most demanding views of Cordilina with green leaves, variegated prefer the location in the penumbra, because from too bright light, they can lose their "patterns". Professionals are advised to adhere to the rule: the darker the foliage of Cordilina, the less light it will need.
Species with dark green leaves can live even in the depths of the room. Anyway it is better to protect the plant from direct sunlight. And drafts and the location near the heating devices can cause the death of a green pet. The window sill of the western or east window will ideally suit.
Caring for Cordilina at home requires adherence to a special temperature.
From spring to autumn, Cordilina at home feels good at moderate room temperature - from 15 to 26 ° C.
Most of the Cordilin will not give up the cold wintering when 8 or 10 ° C. However, motley false palms spend a period of rest at normal room temperature.
It is highly desirable to provide Cordilina with more or less humid air. Also, if spray regularly lush foliage and occasionally arrange a warm shower for the plant (avoiding the accumulation of water in the leaf funnel), it will respond to the grower with gratitude and a luxurious look.
In the warm season, the beautiful Cordilina needs abundant watering (about 2-3 times a week), while in winter it needs moderate water (1-2 times a week, with a slight drying of the top layer of the earth). For a plant both overwetting and overdrying are equally destructive. It is extremely dangerous to over-zealous with irrigation when it is cold in a room.
With good care, Cordilina can please the grower with a panicle of charming flowers. Many species need a cool wintering for this.
In the summer, Cordilina will not give up organic or mineral fertilizer. Wherein It is important to strictly follow the instructions, but apply a dose slightly less than indicated.
Young plants can be transplanted each year into a new pot with a slightly larger diameter - literally 1-2 cm. At the age of 3-5 years, the green pet will prefer to transplant every few years using the transfer method. You can change the top layer of soil in a pot once a year.
- Sod land
- Leafy ground
- Coarse sand,
- Recaptured manure.
You can also simply buy suitable soil in a flower shop. An important condition for a successful transplant - thick drainage layer at the bottom of the tank. The plant can be contained using hydroponics.
There are many ways to breed Cordilina.
With good care, the false palm tree acquires root suckers, which can be easily separated during transplantation.
Recommended to propagate Cordilina cutting the top or stem, rooting the cut part of a length of 5 cm in water or immediately in the ground.
It is also possible to grow a false palm. from seedswhich sow best from January to May.
It is possible to propagate the tree air layouts from the top, which is then separated.
Diseases and pests
This false palm is subject to the following problems:
- The Cordilins dry the tips of the leaves, or the leaves themselves - too dry air.
- Foliage also curls or fades - too cold.
- Brown spots - the plant lacks moisture.
- Dry spots of light color on the leaves - too much sun.
- Rotting stalk - excess of moisture in the soil. It remains only to cut and root the top of the plant.
- Yellow foliage - dry air, lack of nitrogen and other substances.
- Black edges of leaflets - poor watering or drafts.
- Yellow and fall lower leaves - a natural process. You can update the plant, entrenching its top, or add a young copy to it, thereby creating a composition of several tiers of greenery.
Pests can attack Cordilina:
- Shchitovki, manifesting brown plaques on the leaves, which soon become discolored and die. The solution is to wash the leaves with soap suds and process them with Aktellik (1-2 ml per 1 l of liquid).
- Thrips arising from dry air and heat, which present themselves as bright dots on the gray-brown foliage and numerous colonies on the underside of the leaves. The solution is an insecticide treatment or natural product based on Dalmatian chamomile.
- Aphid, due to which the leaves lose color, curl and turn yellow. The solution is the use of insect repellents.
As we see, with all the exoticism, the Cordilina flower does not require much care. This spectacular false palm tree is capable of pleasing the florist for years.
Apical or shrub
Range - East India, Northeast Australia, the Hawaiian Islands. Low tree, reaching a height of 2-3 m, as Cordilina frutikoza. The stem is thin, lignified, with a diameter of 0.6-1.5 cm, sometimes with many branches.
The leaves are lanceolate, oblong, up to 30-50 cm in length and 7-10 cm in width, multicolored, with distinctly protruding veins, covered with a stalk and apex. Petiole (10-15 cm) straightened up, grooved. Inflorescence is a weakly branched panicle.
The flowers are white or lilac, have small stalks.
Today, there are many modifications of the Cordilina shrub with a different color of leaves. Thus, the Red Edge variety is characterized by a pale yellow stripe in the middle and pinkish-red edges. Cordilina Snow is distinguished by white lines, white-pink stripes are typical for Lord Roberts, and Joungi sheets are colored red-brown.
Unlike previous species, Cordilina apical needs more attentive care.
- warm room (18-20 ° C all year round),
- bright light,
- high air humidity
- frequent abundant spraying of the leaves.
Propagate this species by cuttings from the tips of the shoots or by dividing the rhizomes. Moreover, in order for the cuttings to quickly root, it is necessary to provide a high air temperature (26-27 ° C), high humidity and warming the ground to 25 ° C.
Homeland - Northern Australia. In the natural environment it can grow up to 2-3 meters, and at home content - 1-1.5 m. The leaves are firm, have roundish edges, combine dark green, pink and yellow tones, combining in different patterns.
It is distinguished from other species by wider sheets, which eventually die off, revealing trunks. On the sides continuously formed new shoots suitable for transplanting.
Inflorescences are paniculate, generously dotted with small white buds. However, with home maintenance almost does not bloom.
The plant was also born in Australia. В природе растет в виде кустарников 3-4 м в высоту, часто не разделенных на ветки. Ростки достигают толщины 0,6-2,5 см.
Листья ланцетные, 30-50 см в длину и 3,5-4,5 см в ширину, овальные, кожистые, имеют темно-зеленую окраску с двух сторон, а также сочетание красных и бордовых полос, хорошо видны прожилки.
Petiole trough-shaped, elongated by 10-15 cm. Dissolves purple flowers in summer. Also brings bright red fruit with a diameter of about 10 mm.
Cordilin Flower Description
Under natural conditions, the cordyles are mostly large trees, some of them can reach 15–20 m. Solid, slightly branched, straight trunks covered with petioles of lanceolate, linear or xiphoid form. Old leaves fall off over time, exposing the trunk, and only a dense crown remains on its top, so that the plant in appearance begins to resemble a palm tree.
Cordilina flower in the photo
The color of the leaves at Cordilina is mostly green, there are also variegated varieties, in which the leaf plates can be red, pink or decorated with multi-colored spots and stripes.
Cordilin flowers look tubular because they have a perianth fused at the base of the tube. They are white or pink, mostly bisexual, collected in brushes, which in turn form large, in individual species up to 2 m in length, paniculate inflorescences located in the leaf axils. Blossom is not at the same time, a separate flower of Cordilina remains open 5-8 days, the life of the entire inflorescence is up to 30 days. In nature, plants are pollinated by insects. Fruits ripen within 4-5 months, are berries, drying as they mature, with a three-nest ovary, each nest of which contains 6-15 seeds.
One of the distinguishing features of a culture can be considered a creeping, fleshy nodular rhizome, forming many root shoots with young shoots. This growth is easily separated from the mother plant and can later be used for reproduction. The structure of the rhizome with pineal blooms defined the genus name, cordilina, derived from the word “cordylle”, which in Greek means “bump, knot”.
The genus includes 15 species. The area of their distribution covers the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, from the Eastern Himalayas and India to China, then the islands of Polynesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and northeast Australia. Some few representatives are found in Madagascar and Mascarene Islands and one species, cordilina dracenoid(C. dracaenoides), grows in Brazil.
The botanical classification of the genus is quite complex. At one time, he and a close genus of draceni were attributed to the Agave family, then they were assigned to a separate Dracene family. According to modern concepts, both plants are transferred to a large family of asparagus.
Cordilins have long been widely used in culture. In their homeland, in New Zealand and Australia, young leaves are eaten, sugar is obtained from rhizomes, some varieties are used in traditional medicine. Finally, ropes, weaving mats and rugs, and even sew clothes are made from leaves, in the dry mass of which up to 40% of fiber is contained. As for the rest of the world, and in particular our country, most of the species are grown in rooms and greenhouses as ornamental deciduous kadochnye culture. In room conditions, even large trees in nature have thin trunks, reaching heights of up to 150 cm, grow slowly and, if they are provided with adequate care, live a very long time. Often formed in the form of false palms.
At home, the Cordilins are sometimes confused with representatives of the close genus, dracenas. The main difference between them is the different number of seeds in the fruit, the cordilin can have up to 20 of them, the dracaenes are always the same, but since both plants do not bloom in the rooms, this sign does not have a practical meaning. They are distinguished mainly by the appearance of the roots, straight, smooth, orange on the cut in dracenas and white, nodular in the cordilins, besides the latter have petiolate leaves with convex central and pinotus located lateral veins, while drapes have bowed leaves trunks and different parallel venation.
Cordilina fruticosis in the open air quickly takes on the appearance of a palm tree with a bundle of leaves at the top; in room conditions, it is usually leafy to the very base and is characterized by slow growth, maintaining compact dimensions for a long time. It practically does not bloom indoors, it is valued as a decorative leafy plant. The heat-loving look, the temperature of the content throughout the year should not be below 18-20 ° C.
It has many varieties and garden forms with different leaf color.
Of the variegated varieties are best known:
Tricolor, with leaves adorned with multicolored stripes, yellow, brown or reddish,
Red Edge, with small narrow dark green leaves, having a creamy center in the center, and a raspberry stripe along the edges,
Augustus, whose dark green leaves are covered with crimson lines,
Kiwi, green leafy plates with a crimson border and longitudinal yellow stripes,
Snow, with white strokes,
Lord Roberts - with leaves covered with white and pink lines.
There are a number of solid cultivars:
Purpl compact - Cordilina miniature size with a sturdy stem and a thick cap of purple-green leaves,
Black magic, the broad brilliant leaves of which are at first dark green, and with age acquire an intense blue-burgundy shade,
Jinga, painted in a reddish-brown color,
Casanova, with bronze-purple leaves wavy along the edge,
Purpurea, reddish-purple hue.
Above are photos of the Cordilina Kiwi, Red Edge and some other varieties.
Cordilina straight or compressed(C. stricta), Australian subtropical species growing in shrub and forest thickets in the east of the continent. It is a tree up to 3 m high with thin, highly branched trunks on top and lanceolate or linear leaves closely approximated at the end of the trunk with a length of 30 to 60 cm, dark green, leathery, pointed at the ends, with a narrowed base and a serrated or rough edge. As in the previous species, the lower part of the trunks is usually covered with scars from fallen old leaves. The flowers are purple, small, up to 1 cm in size, on short pedicels, gathered in an upright or drooping whisk, forming on the tips of the shoots or in the leaf axils. Refers to a group of false palms.
It is cultivated in cool rooms as a kadochny plant, it can be set up for the summer in the garden, in subtropical regions it is grown in open ground. There is a decorative garden form Discolor with leaves of a bronze-purple shade.
Cordilina South or Australian
Cordilina South or Australian(C. australis) –The unpretentious view in nature is a huge tree, up to 15–20 m, with a trunk thickened in the lower part and a bunch of long (up to 1 m) and narrow (from 3 to 7 cm) sessile xiphoidal dark green leaves. In the young form has no pronounced trunks. The flowers are white, fragrant, about 1 cm in diameter, collected in paniculate inflorescences, reaching a length of 1 m.
Despite its name, the Australian Cordilina is endemic to New Zealand, where it grows on forest edges, open wet plains and rocky areas. At home, it has economic value, ropes are made from trunks and roots, leaves are used for making fabrics, as well as various woven products and brushes. Young foliage contains a lot of carbohydrates, in the places of its natural growth the culture has long been an important source of food for the local population.
Externally, the adult plant resembles a palm tree, so it is often mistakenly called the “Palm of the Isle of Man”, “Cornish palm”. Another common name, “cabbage tree,” was given to culture by James Cook, obviously, for nutritional value, since at that time its leaves were a significant part of the diet of the local population.
Due to its unpretentiousness and cold resistance, the species is widely grown in Europe and the USA as an ornamental tree and houseplant. Cordilina south feels great in greenhouses and winter gardens, well tolerated indoor conditions. In the subtropical climate can be cultivated in the garden. Indoors it grows up to 1-3 meters and almost never blooms. Requires cold wintering (3-5 ° C), summer can spend outdoors.
The plant appeared in the gardens and greenhouses of Europe in 1860, and immediately began work on the creation of numerous cultivars, characterized by bright decorative color of leaves.
The first appeared in France and England in 1870. It was called C. Lentiginosa and had leafy plates covered with numerous red-brownish dots.
Old varieties also include varieties still cultivated:
C. Veitchii (1871), with bright crimson veins.
C. Atrosanguinea (1882), with bronze-red leaves.
Purple stained C. Atropurpurea (1886) and C. Purpurea (1890).
Currently, Red Star Cordilina is popular with solid red-brown, almost chocolate leaves.
Among modern variegated varieties we note:
Sundance green with red stripes
Torbay Datsler, green with cream stripes,
Electric Pink, intensely pink with yellow and red stripes.
Cordilina undivided(C. innodivisa) also comes from New Zealand, where it lives in the forests of the mountain belt at an altitude of up to 1600 m above sea level. This species grows in greenhouses to three, and in nature - to ten meters. A thin unbranched trunk is very durable, and the length of wide (13-15 cm) rigid sessile leaves can reach up to one and a half meters. Leaves are belt-shaped, pointed at the ends and narrowed towards the base, light green above, with a bluish tinge at the bottom, with orange or red middle veins, often decorated with a reddish border. There are varieties with bronze-yellow colored leaf plates. Flowers are white or reddish, collected in dense branched, drooping inflorescence paniculate form, apical or axillary.
This cordilina is considered one of the most beautiful trees in New Zealand. It is used to decorate large cool rooms, successfully grown in open ground in areas with a subtropical climate.
Cordilina Banks(Cordyline banksii) grows near the coast of New Zealand. Its thin, straight or forked-branched trunk, up to 3 m high, is crowned with a dense beam of upward-pointing leaves, narrow-lanceolate (up to 8 cm wide), pointed, at the base gradually tapering into a grooved petiole 15-30 cm long. The size of leaves can reach 1.5 m, color green with relief veins, grayish below. White fragrant flowers are collected in large, up to 1-1.5 m, paniculate inflorescence. In a culture grown in winter gardens and cool greenhouses, in summer the tub with a tree can be brought into the garden.
Cordilina red(C. rubra) - Australian species with unbranched strong shoots 0.6–2.5 cm thick, growing in natural conditions up to 3-4 m, in greenhouses and rooms up to 1.5 m. Leathery lanceolate leaves of dark green color with a reddish tint are distinguished by distinctly appearing veins and grooved petioles up to 15 cm long. The size of the leaves - 30 - 50 cm in length and 3 - 4.5 cm in width. Lilac flowers with short pedicels collected in axillary branched paniculate inflorescence. Cultivated similar to previous species. Created varieties with white or red stripes.
There are several undersized species that are also very decorative and can be successfully used in indoor floriculture. Among them:
Cordilina haaga(C. haageana) - heat-loving shrub, growing only up to 60-80 cm, with petioled curved crescent-shaped leaves and dark green in color. Petioles with deep grooves have a length of about 10 cm, the leaves themselves - 10-20 cm, the latter are pointed at the ends and covered with clearly visible veins. The flowers are light purple, with short pedicels, gathered in axillary panicles.
Cordilina cannolista(C. cannifolia) also comes from Australia, its narrow stalked leaves grow up to 15 cm in length and are painted in a light green color.
Cordilina is small(C. pumilio) grows up to 1 m, differs in dark green leaves and unusual, white and blue color of flowers.
Sometimes in stores you can find a culture called "Cordilina Mix." This usually means that a batch of various cultivars was purchased from the producer, to which the acquired seedling belongs.
Cordilina is a high semi-shrub or shrub plant. In the natural environment, it can reach a height of 3-5 m, but in room conditions the cordilin does not exceed 1.5 m in height. The roots consist of several thick, fleshy branches. The cut shows that they are whitish in color. On the rhizome buds and babies are formed.
A long, erect stem of the plant is covered with large petioled leaves. Lateral branches are formed extremely rarely, so the foliage forms a thick shovel. After a while, the lower leaves gradually dry out and the trunk becomes bare. In this case, Cordilina becomes even more like a palm tree.
The leaf plates are lanceolate, belt-shaped or xiphoid. They are colored bright green, but there are varieties with a red or pink color. Leaves can grow up to 50 cm in length and up to 10 cm in width. They clearly visible relief central vein.
Inflorescence in the form of a loose panicle consists of many small buds. Petals are painted in white, red or purple. The fruit, the three-nest seed capsule, contains up to 15 small seeds in a nest.
The small genus of the plant Cordilina consists of 20 species. The most popular with gardeners are the following:
Cordilina apical. A low tree, which in its homeland reaches 2-3 m in height. Broad leaves densely cover the trunk and apex. Their length is 50-80 cm, and width - 5-10 cm. Short, dense petiole directed upwards. A thick central vein is visible at the bottom. Paniculate inflorescences consist of white or purple flowers with a diameter up to 1 cm. The plant prefers warm rooms. Popular varieties:
- Red Edge - the leaves are not so large, but they have a red band along the edge,
- Tricolor - foliage covered with yellow, pink and brown stripes,
- Augusta - crimson stripes are placed on dark green leaves,
- Cordilina kiwi - differs in wider leaves covered with crimson divorces.
Cordilina south. The tree has a short trunk, covered with long, erect leaves. Xiphoid leaf plates reach a length of 1 m and a width of 4 cm. Foliage is often covered with red or yellow longitudinal stripes. During the flowering period, the plant is covered with whitish or purple axillary panicles with an intense pleasant aroma. This unpretentious plant needs cold wintering (up to + 3 ... + 5 ° C).
Cordilina straight. The plant has upright stems and a dense crown of lanceolate leaves 30-60 cm long. The edges of the foliage are covered with fine teeth. The sheet plates are colored bright green. The plant prefers cooler rooms.
Cordilina frutikosa. A tree with a thin trunk covered with side shoots. The foliage is colored green-purple. Differs in simplicity in leaving and unpretentiousness.
Cordilina care at home requires regular transplants. Young seedlings are transplanted annually, and more mature plants every 2-3 years. The pot should be one size larger than the previous one, but not too spacious. Drainage material and charcoal are laid on the bottom. Cordilina soil should consist of:
- garden or leaf soil,
- river sand
Earth is chosen with a weakly acid reaction. Due to its light structure, air flows freely to the roots.
Care room Cordilina simple, but some skills still require. The plant needs to find a bright room with a long day light. However, from direct sunlight it should be pritenyat. Varieties with monotonous green foliage better tolerate a lack of light. It is optimal to put a flower in the southern room at a distance from the window.
The summer air temperature in the room should be + 22 ... + 30 ° C. It is advisable to make the Cordilina in the warm season on the street. Place choose quiet, protected from drafts. In winter, the plant needs a cooler content. The air temperature is reduced to + 12 ... + 14 ° C gradually. Sharp night and winter cooling lead to plant disease.
The humidity of the air in the room where the flower is located must be high. The crown is sprayed with water twice a day, pallets with water and wet pebbles are placed nearby. In winter, you should not put Cordilina near radiators. If the humidity is insufficient, the cordilina will begin to dry and shed the leaves.
Cordilina is not too demanding for watering. Between the irrigations, the earthen room should dry by half. Water the plant should be twice a week or less. The water used is well settled and warm. Even a small stagnation of water is detrimental to the plant, so it is important to ensure good drainage and timely drain the liquid from the sump.
From early spring to early autumn, the cordilina needs regular fertilizer. Use mineral complexes for indoor flowering plants. They are diluted in water and applied twice a month.
Кордилина устойчива к болезням растений. Единственной проблемой при затоплении почвы является корневая гниль. На сочной листве, особенно в сухом и жарком воздухе, часто появляются паразиты (трипсы, тля, паутинный клещ). При первых признаках насекомых следует сразу провести обработку инсектицидами.