Tunbergia - description, types, photos
The plant is a liana, the average height of which can reach 2-2.5 m. The soft pubescent leaves of the plant can be lobed suprotina, or whole ovate or heart-shaped. Collected in inflorescences or single funnel-shaped flowers of tunbergia in diameter reach 4 cm. In some species, they even exude a scent.
Since this perennial plant is a native of warm countries, in our latitudes it grown as an annual. However, the vine blooms for a long time - from July to the very frost. As a perennial, you can grow an ampelous tunbergia at home.
Possible problems with growing vines
With proper care and watering, the plant is resistant to pests and diseases. However, prolonged overmoistening of the soil can lead to the appearance of mold. If the foliage on the vine began to grow very rarely, then the plant not enough nutrients. Overdrying of soil leads to the fall of buds and flowers.
Of the pests for tunbergia, whiteflies, spider mites and aphids, which suck the plant sap, are terrible. If the leaves turn yellow and sticky on them, the bush should be carefully examined. If pests are detected on it, urgent treatment is required. From folk remedies alcohol and laundry soap solution (1: 1) is used.
Tunbergia is considered the best plant not only for decorating gardens. With its help, you can decorate a balcony, loggia or a separate corner in the apartment. The advantage of the vine is that it grows quickly and beautifully blooms, covered with attractive foliage and unpretentious care.
Optimal sowing time
You can begin to engage in seed breeding of tunbergia either at the end of winter (February) or at the beginning of spring (March).
Did you know?Often, the vine is used for alcohol and drug addiction, preparing tea with their leaves, which is called rank-jude. With it you can cope with hangover, as well as other harmful addictions.
Soil: composition and fertilizer
The soil mixture needs to be made from leaf soil and sand with the addition of humus. Despite the fact that the seeds contain a certain supply of nutrients, they are still better to be fertilized with compost with the addition of sand and peat. Also, the soil should be loose, light and quickly pass moisture.
How to sow seeds
We recommend using ceramic flat or disposable peat pots for planting. They must have drainage holes. When you are going to sow tunbergia, pre-rinse the containers, and the day before sowing, you need to water the earth mixture.
First you need to plant the seeds in pots with peat to a depth of 1.5 cm and pour the soil. After that, the container must be covered with foil to create a greenhouse effect. So shoots will develop faster. Leave the seeds in a container for 2-3 weeks. It is important to consider that the pots need to be aired to remove condensate.
Important!Watch for watering, as an excess of moisture can cause rotting of seedlings.
As soon as you notice the first shoots, the film can be removed. If there are a large number of sprouts, they all need to dive.
Planting of seedlings of tunbergia in open ground
After you have planted the tunbergia on the seedlings, and from that time enough time has passed for the normal development of the plant, they can be transplanted into the open ground.
Did you know?Drugs that contain organic acids contained in tunbergia slow down the aging process, and patch up damaged DNA cells. It helps well in food poisoning, treatment of diabetes and other endocrine diseases.
Selection and preparation of the site for landing
Tunbergia should be a place without drafts and with good lighting, on the west, south or east side. The soil should be light and permeable. It must have enough nutrients and lime. Also, it should be well drained, neutral. The soil needs to be loosened and fertilized with humus or special means.
The distance between the beds should be no less than 20 cm, and between the holes - 45 cm. This is done so that the plant grows in breadth. Before landing, you need to install supports in the form of a grid. Liana will grow on it.
Then the seedlings of the climbing tunbury are planted. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the young plants. Planting depth - 1.5 cm. Then the plant should be sprinkled with earth and a little rammed.
After planting seedlings need to water the plants and cover around the soil with mulch. This will help get rid of annoying weeds. The first flowering you can see 100 days after pinching.
All about watering
Tunbergia loves watering very much, but you need to follow him. During flowering, the earthen room should not dry out, as the leaves will begin to fall off, and the flower may be damaged by a spider mite. As soon as flowering is over, watering should be reduced. In the dry summer, you need to make not only watering the tunbergia, but also spraying in the evenings.
Obligatory top dressing is brought in the period of budding, but it is better not to be zealous. Such conditions will bring you lush flowering. During flowering, you need to make mineral fertilizers. They are added to irrigation water every week.
In spring and summer, every month you need to make liquid mineral fertilizers during active growth.
Important!If you “overfeed” the plant, the leaves will be gorgeous, and flowering will become scarce.
Pruning is carried out in early spring or in February. You can also do this after flowering. In order for the plant to take the form of a bush, you need to pinch the tops.
Young plants need to be cut, and adults are better not to touch. You only need to remove weak shoots or too thick. You need to cut off at the very base and all the time to send in the direction you want.
Pruning young plants is needed for intensive growth, but this can reduce flowering.
Collecting and storing seeds
When the flowering of the tunbergia is over, seed boxes will appear in their place. They must be collected immediately before they are opened, for the seeds may crumble to the ground. It is better to open the boxes above the table covered with paper - the seeds will fall on it. Then they need to be dried and stored in cardboard boxes. The shelf life of seeds is 2 years.
How winbergia winters
If you grow tunbergia in an open area, it should be disposed of in the fall, as it will not survive the winter. If you grow a plant at home in a large pot, you need to prune the shoots.
Important!On the plant should be 5 buds. Sections should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. It is better to transfer the pot to a cool place where the temperature will be no higher than 15 ° C. From time to time you need to moisten the top layer of soil. The plant remains indoors until the end of spring. After that, it can be taken out on the balcony, but this should be done gradually so that the plant is accustomed to a different temperature. After this, the tunnel will start new buds and shoots, and will also begin to bloom earlier than the first time.
The combination of tunbergia with other plants and its use in landscape design
Tunbergia is beautifully used in landscape design. TSo as the plant weaves quickly, the tunnel will adorn the arbor, the screen, the column and create a cozy green corner on the plot. Nearby we recommend to land ipomoea or asarin, as they harmoniously look on a vertical flowerbed. You can also grow tunbergia in pots. Shoots will hang down.
Did you know?Thunberg was well known even more than three thousand years ago. Its properties were used by the priests of ancient China, Malaysia, Thailand and Tibet. Carefully pounded leaves of tunbergia were used for heavy menstrual bleeding. Thai doctors used these drugs with strong heat or as an antidote against intoxication by any means.
How to deal with possible pests and diseases
Tunbergia is rarely affected by diseases, but among the parasites the spider mite, aphid, scale insect and whitefly harm the plant.
- Spider mite This parasite feeds on cell contents. You can see them. White dots and thin cobweb appear on the leaves. With a strong lesion leaves turn white, and the whole plant is covered with cobwebs. At the ends of the leaves and shoots, a mass of parasite bodies accumulates, which stirs.
- Aphid. In spring, aphids settle on young shoots and on the underside of the crown. Aphids feed on fresh greens and destroy young leaves. Also aphids carries viruses that cause galls. It is they who can lead to the death of tunbergia. You can get rid of aphids with a pyrethrum-based insecticide.
- Shchitovka. At the initial stage, it is very difficult to detect this pest. It is best to carry out prevention in advance. Adult flakes are easy to see. They look like spots on the leaves, trunks and shoots. A pad also appears on the leaves (sticky liquid).
- Whitefly. Parasites are small, but it is easy to notice them, as they are going to the "flock". Insects can be seen on the underside of the leaves. Larvae and adults feed on plant sap, and yellow spots appear at the site of the bite. They can lead to the death of the plant.
You can get rid of all pests by spraying the drugs "Actellic" and "Fitoverm". From folk remedies we recommend you wash the vine with a solution of soap, but this should be done with minimal pest multiplication.