Feeding geese at home is particularly beneficial due to the unique ability of this unpretentious bird to efficiently digest coarse fiber and increase its weight on low-nutritional feeds, which is not available for other poultry species.
This feature of feeding on vegetable rough and succulent feed significantly reduces the cost of raising poultry, making it possible to partially replace expensive end feeds with grass, hay, silage, and root crops.
With proper feeding of young, getting a good start from the very beginning, geese are able to gain weight well, spending whole days on pastures. An adult bird can eat and digest, transforming into meat, from 2 to 3 kg of greens per day.
Rules and diet of goslings from the first days of life
Although geese are undemanding in fattening, feeding goslings has its own characteristics, and in the initial period it is important to provide the young with all the necessary elements.
In order to get good gains and the rapid development of healthy birds, it is important to start feeding the young with quality nutritious foods with a high protein content as early as possible.
Goslings are fed immediately upon withdrawal or arrival at the household. The first five days feed set up to 8 times a day every 2-3 hours, maintaining constant lighting. Already by 10 days the number of feedings is reduced to 4-5 times per day.
Later, with pasture fattening, which starts from the age of 30-40 days, they limit themselves to giving a small amount of grain feed in the morning, stimulating grass consumption, and in the evening, feeding abundantly, they compensate for the lack of nutrients.
The optimal solution for feeding small goslings up to ten days of age is starting starter feed for young stock in the form of small granules with a protein content of 19-22%. This feed is first poured into trays, attracting chicks to food intake, tapping with your fingers or sprinkling granules on top so that the little goose can notice the movement and grab the feed.
After ten days feed feed is administered. In addition to the availability of high-quality feed for young stock, the owner’s task with such intensive feeding is to provide the goslings with optimal housing conditions, grazing and fresh water if possible.
In the absence of feed, from the first days you can give your own made mixture of feed and products available in each household.
In the first five days they offer a wet mash consisting of the following ingredients: finely chopped boiled steep eggs, corn, wheat, barley grits (crushed barley without films), with the addition of a small amount of semolina, which will make the mixture more crumbly.
To the same mash is added the powder preparation tricalcium phosphate as a source of calcium and phosphorus, necessary for normal growth and development of geese. In this case, the young will not "fall to their feet", which is a frequent occurrence in the rapid fattening of poultry.
Calcium is possible by adding calcium chloride or calcium gluconate to water, at the rate of 1 tablespoon of the drug per 1 liter of water for the first ten days, and then powder or chalk is added.
When keeping youngsters indoors and feeding them with a homemade mixture, it is necessary to introduce vitamins into the diet — Tetravit in feed or Chiktonik in water.
For the prevention of avitaminosis, these same vitamins are drunk for 7-10 days and when feeding with complete feed.
Be sure to have visibility of geese, a box with a crushed shell or small gravel. Fine sand is not offered to youngsters.
20 minutes after giving wet mash, the remains are removed, otherwise such perishable components like eggs contaminated with crow's feet and beaks, in a warm environment will quickly begin to decompose and lead to poisoning.
From the fifth day cottage cheese is added to the mix, replacing or supplementing the eggs, crushed sunflower oil, boiled mashed potatoes, and greens are introduced.
Green feed is introduced gradually - in small quantities, starting with crushed young yarrow, dandelions and knotweed. Entering a large amount of grass is undesirable, because geese, who are very fond of grass and will always prefer juicy, low-nutritional leaflets and blades of grass to other, more valuable feed, will soon begin to weaken, lose their growth rate.
An important task in the first stage of fattening is to set a good start, initially to “raise” young stock, in order to use this stock in the future to get excellent gains. Therefore, savings in this period will lead to losses in the future.
From the fifth to the seventh day, in the absence of cottage cheese and eggs, you can compensate for the lack of protein by adding soy concentrate, crushed soaked peas, meat and bone meal or fish meal.
Knead the wet feed mixture, making it more nutritious and healthy, in sour milk or salmon, meat and fish broth.
Starting from a week old, on sunny, windless days, youngsters are released for walking. If the goslings are grown under a hen, the goose with offspring is released into a protected aviary from the third day of cultivation.
Approximate diet for feeding young animals aged 20-60 days:
- Bran of corn, wheat, barley - 200 g
- Wheat bran - 100 g
- Chopped peas - 100 g
- Sunflower cake, soybean - 70 g
- Chopped greens - 500 g
Estimated feed demand per one gosling for a period of 1-60 days:
- Grain feed and waste - 8-9 kg.
- Soy and Sunflower oil cakes - 3 kg
- Greens - 25-30 kg.
Grown up youngsters older than one month of age are fed twice a day with whole grains, shredding or wet masses, offering plenty of green fodder for grazing or mowing the daily rate of grass and spreading it in a manger.
Below is a table of green and concentrated feed costs.
Feeding geese at home - feed consumption
With intensive fattening, goslings of productive breeds will weigh 4–4.5 kg by the age of 2.5–3 months, and at this time, after juvenile molting, they can be slaughtered, obtaining a high-quality dining carcass with tender, small-fiber, moderately fat meat.
With grazing, fattening is completed with the onset of cold weather, getting a fatter carcass weighing up to 5-6 kg by October-November.
Feeding adult geese
The geese contained in the tribe, in the autumn-winter period and during the completion of egg-laying, can be fed with grass, root crops, and rough, non-nutritious fodder, given their ability to perfectly digest fiber.
To do this, feeding includes grass, corn stalks with leaves, garden wastes, root crops and bult crops, sugar beets, Jerusalem artichoke, pumpkin and others. In winter, hay, dust and silage are introduced into the diet.
At the same time, the lack of nutritious feeds is compensated by giving a small amount of grain (wheat, corn, barley) or grain waste. During this period, the condition of the bird is monitored - if the geese start to lose weight, they increase the cottage of grain, if possible, they introduce oilseeds or their products - sunflower, soybean meal and meal.
Before the start of egg-laying - from the end of January or in early February, geese are offered a balanced diet, taking care not to overfeed a productive bird and not cause obesity - this will negatively affect the quality of eggs.
At this time, they should receive at least 220-270 g of concentrated feed per day, and during the peak of egg-laying, enter meat-bone meal or fish meal, sour milk, or reverse feed. Be sure to provide sources of calcium - chalk, tricalcium phosphate, crushed shell.
Below are suggested rations for feeding adults in the pasture season - from the second half of spring to October and during the closed housing period from October-November to May, this same ration can be used for poultry kept in the warm season without pastures.
Feeding adult geese - approximate rations
Geese, culled for various reasons from broodstock, are fattened before slaughter. To do this, the bird is released on pasture and fed at night with grain or grain waste.
With closed contents for feeding prepare wet mash of vegetables and vegetables, pumpkin, zucchini, boiled potatoes - the components are crushed and flavored with crushed grain and bran. Set hearty mash three times a day. The bird is fattened for 2-3 weeks, after the end of fattening the keel should not be felt, and the carcass will be round, with a noticeable fat layer.
Keeping and feeding geese without grazing
Symptoms of an Abnormally Developed Diet
In order to understand how correctly the diet of geese was made, it is enough just to observe the behavior of pets.
Provided that the birds are healthy, the following will be signs of mistakes:
- A large amount of absorbed green food can lead to intestinal upset, especially in young. Birds need to be limited in this product and partially replaced with rump and yolk in dry form. In addition, it is necessary to temporarily reduce the amount of drinking.
- In those cases when dry floury feed for geese is given in large doses, they develop a cough, it is difficult to breathe. React in this case should be without delay. First of all, reduce the concentration of such feed and immediately increase the moisture content of the mixture using ordinary water. You can also add wet sand to the feeders, with which the intestines can be cleaned on their own. Sometimes poultry farmers even have to forcibly fill the birds with water.
- During walking, geese often define grass by smell, which can be dangerous for them and therefore do not eat it. Sometimes inexperienced youngsters still decide to try Nightshade or Hemlock. We need to make sure that this does not happen. In the case of bird poisoning, you need to drink plenty of water and carry out a bowel washing procedure.
- Often, birds can suffer from indigestion at the initial stage of water walking. This is due to poisoning, which provokes shell, fish and sludge. It is with them in the body of geese freely penetrate various infections. In this case, it will not be possible to do without antibiotics. In the future, the birds will develop immunity, and they will be able to quietly get their own food in the reservoirs.
When keeping geese at home, it is extremely important to properly develop their diet.
It directly depends on how productive the livestock will be. Difficulties at the same time arise simply can not.
During the summer period, the birds practically do not need additional food, they also need greenery, which they absorb during walking. In winter, the farmer has to take care of his pets himself. In this case, only need to make food nutritious and balanced.
Feed for geese
How to feed geese affects the way they are grown.
Feeding geese at home is of three types:
But still, the last two are the best options. To do this, fit not expensive feed, which will be the basis of the diet. These are: grass, potatoes, beets, and tops, pumpkin, cabbage, silage, whey, meat and fish waste.
Feeding geese in summer
Breeding period falls on a warm spring and summer days. Therefore, the organization of feeding becomes less difficult. During this time, geese spend most of the day on pasture, where there is a lot of grass.
Favorite herbs are:
Swimming in the pond, the bird also finds food for itself, it can be: reeds, cattails, and others. Water treatments have a beneficial effect on the condition of geese. At this time they are fed once, in the evening, when the bird returns home. It becomes a ritual that geese want to come back to their place of detention. Summer breeding of geese is good because the bird is grazing on its own for a long time. So there is a reduction in the cost of feed per unit of product obtained, which is economically advantageous. Cost reduction of almost 50%, and some breeds of geese can only eat food that is in the place where they graze. But such a feeding system cannot be used if the bird is in intensive fattening mode.
Graze on a goose-range can up to the onset of cold weather. During this time, the bird manages to gain enough fat mass to overwinter. If there is almost no snow in winter, the geese can continue to graze, feeding on the residual amount of plants. On the pasture poultry consumes a large number of plants, which contain vitamins, amino acids, trace elements, which are necessary for the normal operation of all body systems. But not everyone can walk, because geese are picky about food. They prefer beans, clover, alfalfa, rye, oats, wheat grass. Green mass has a good effect on the reproductive function of the bird.The presence of such grass on the pasture is not desirable: a cuff, sedge, goose foot. Geese can stop walking on such a walk.
Grass in the pasture should be periodically mowed so that fresh and young plants grow again. For adult geese per day is the norm of consumption of up to 2 kg of green mass. This amount contains the daily rate of essential nutrients. In the evening, the bird is additionally fed with rough and succulent feeds. For example, corn, maize, potatoes, beets. In the same place for feeding should be a container with chalk, coquina. Drinking clean water should always be close to the feeders.
Symptoms of an improper diet
Excess amount of greens in the daily diet of young animals leads to gastrointestinal disorders. In addition, excessive water consumption can exacerbate the situation.
- It is necessary to reduce the rate of input of green fodder and reduce water consumption,
- A large percentage of meal leads to coughing and difficulty breathing. An urgent need to reduce the% of the input feed, and increase humidity. Install the feeder, which fall asleep wet sand or coquina. These components will allow the bird to clean its poultry breeder. If the situation is critical, then water is poured into the beak forcibly,
- Geese can find harmful plants on the hill, guided by their smell, and not eat them. But it is easy for adult birds, and young animals may accidentally eat poisonous grass for the first time, therefore their appearance on the site should be excluded. In case of goose poisoning, they give plenty of drink and gastric lavage,
- At the beginning of the walking season, if there is a reservoir next to it, then indigestion can occur in geese. This happens due to the toxic effects of sludge, seashells and fish consumed by geese. Along with these components, pathogenic infections enter the body of the bird. In this situation, the bird is prescribed antibiotic treatment. After that, immune bodies are produced and therefore geese adapt to food from water bodies.
Diet for geese
To cultivation was productive, you need to know how to feed the geese right. At the organization of the daily diet take into account the needs of the body of birds in the active components. On average, one goose per day is required up to two green kilogram.
Feeding rates for geese:
Additionally, concentrated feeds are added to the diet.
Analysis of feeding geese for a day
- The first bird feed is given early in the morning (7 hours), it consists of 1/3 of the germinated grain,
- The following feeding is done at lunch time (14-15 hours). Ingredients include sugar beets, potatoes, grass hay, minerals,
- The third feeding is given in the evening (19-20 hours). In the composition of the grain, grass hay.
Feeding the geese during the laying period
Before the start of intensive egg-laying, geese increase the nutritional value of the feed. It is important that the diet is balanced, include green and coarse feed. Do not allow obesity, as this leads to a decrease in egg production and deterioration in the quality of eggs. Begin preparing geese in February. Feeding geese is carried out using barley, oats, wheat, alfalfa hay, clover. They also add potatoes, legumes, cake, meat and bone meal. They feed the geese 4 times a day. Twice with wet mash, the rest consist of grain. A week before the start of laying eggs give vitamins.
Feeding geese in the summer
Summer special difficulties with the selection of food, usually does not arise. If there is a reservoir and a meadow nearby, the flock can be released for free range, where she herself will get food.
On the pasture, birds can eat cereals - oats, rye, couch grass, bluegrass, sedge, cuff. If a goose grazes about two kilograms of grass, it is enough to cover the daily need for green fodder.
If there is no place to graze the flock, then it is kept in a pen and food will have to be cooked by yourself. Then in their diet you can add food with grain, corn, beets, potatoes.
When the content of geese can be dispensed with inexpensive mixtures of simple ingredients, such as vegetables, as well as meadow herbs. Geese happy to eat soy, alfalfa and clover.
A shell and small gravel will be useful to improve the digestion in the summer of geese.Recipes winter and summer feed for geese
The exemplary diet of goose contained in the paddock, in the summer:
- 700 g of green fodder,
- 500 g of root vegetables and vegetables
- 300 g of herbal flour.
Важно помнить, что гусята любят перекусить в ночное время, поэтому их кормушки не должны пустовать. Это позволит им быстрее набрать массу. А чтобы они смогли найти корм ночью, можно оставить небольшое освещение.
Особенности питания гусей зимой
В холодные зимние дни не обойтись без питательных кормов, чтобы гуси могли компенсировать затраты на обогрев тела. Их нужно кормить дважды в сутки.
В состав кормов для гусей зимой стоит обязательно включить травяную муку и овощи.
Moreover, one individual in the diet should be included:
- 40 g yeast,
- 40 g eggs or cottage cheese,
- 2 g of phosphates,
- 1.5 g of salt.
In January, when the lowest temperatures are observed, it is recommended to add germinated wheat rich in vitamins to the feeder. A good source of vitamins, carbohydrates, carotene and acids is silage.
To compensate for the protein needs in winter, geese give rot and hay flour, as well as meal and cake.
What kind of food to feed the little goslings
Feeding little goslings requires special attention.
In the first weeks of life, babies cannot do without the following products:
- boiled potatoes,
- meat and bone meal.
Wet food should contain vegetables and fresh herbs. This will allow to receive further high-quality tasty meat.
Goslings do not refuse granulated feed, you can buy it in specialized stores. Granulated food is used as a supplement to the basic diet two weeks after birth.
Meals from 0 to 2 weeks
In the first two weeks of life, chicks need greens and cottage cheese, as well as cake, fish meal, corn.
Food, as a rule, is kneaded from boiled eggs, fine grains, bran and herbs - alfalfa, clover, cereals and legumes. Four days after birth, you can replenish the diet of goslings with yeast, grass meal with vitamins.
Food in 3-4 weeks
At this age, you can partially replace the grain in the feed on boiled potatoes. In the morning and evening, besides the mixed feed, babies are given mash beans, while in the daytime they put vegetables and chopped greens in the feeders.
When the goslings reach the age of one month, three times a day they will put germinated grain and fresh greens in the feeder.
Meals in 4-8 weeks
During this period, it is necessary to increase the number of cereals by 10%, while reducing the volume of meal and cake by 15%.
Featured chick feed proportions depending on age in grams:
- 1-3 weeks: 35-100 g,
- 3-5 weeks: 110-270 g,
- 5 - 7 weeks: 270-330 g,
- 7 - 9 weeks: 330 - 340 g.
It is important to know: any vegetables should be chopped up to 2 cm for chicks up to 20 days old and up to 5 cm under 60 days old.
How much feed you need to grow a goose - the norm
The average diet of geese should include 500 g of vegetables, 700 g of green fodder, 500 g of root vegetables, 300 g of grass meal.
The daily menu is recommended to include:
- 100 g of silage
- 300 g hay flour,
- 700 g of cereals and legumes,
- 1 kg of potatoes
- 500 g carrots.
An approximate diet for one bird may include:
- 100 grams of oats or barley,
- 45 g of wheat bran,
- 30 grams of corn
- 400 g of beets,
- 20 g of herbal flour,
- 3 g legumes,
- 100 g potatoes
- 8 g shells,
- 3 g of feed fat.
A table with an approximate amount of feed geese in grams per bird per day:
When feeding with a wet mash it is necessary to provide three meals a day. For the first time, geese are fed in the morning, then in the afternoon and in the evening.
During the breeding period, the gander needs to be fed three times. In the morning and in the afternoon the birds are fed with wet mash, in the evening they give grain.
When developing a diet it is important to consider the following biological features:
- in the breeding season, due to the reduction in feed intake, it is necessary to increase the calorie content,
- high egg production (more than 60%) requires the addition of feed fat in the amount of 3-5%,
- in the summer, when free-range, they feed only in the evening, so that the pack will return home at night,
- so that the geese do not become fat, their diet should be monitored more closely to prevent a decrease in egg production,
- if geese are fattened according to an intensive slaughter program, it is necessary to limit their movement, and add barley, oats, wheat and corn to feed,
- for geese bred for meat, the daily ration should consist half of the greens, to which add sunflower cake, beans, ground grain.
- Even before the start of egg-laying, about one month, coarse and green feeds begin to be given (the number of feedings can be increased up to four times a day).
Choosing the right diet and adjusting it during the year, you will certainly be able to get the maximum income from breeding poultry by selling delicious meat, eggs and fluff.