It is not easy to choose the best varieties of asters for your country garden flower garden. Annuals (Chinese) asters attract gardeners with fabulous diversity, and I want to plant the best varieties in the store. Modern varieties of the most beautiful asters are created by the best breeding schools and have received world recognition. Therefore, we are stable from year to year and grow the best representatives selected from various varieties of asters.
The wide range is set by the following parameters:
- Timing flowering (early, medium or medium late, long and fleeting).
- Branching and number of inflorescences.
- Height: ranges from 15 cm to 1 meter. In their own decorative and curb "kids", and cut-off "giants" and "middle group".
- The degree of terry halo. Certainly, in the mode of densely created, but semi-double "chamomile" are also pretty.
- Diameter: from 3 to 20 cm.
- The shape of the petals and inflorescences: needle, pion-shaped, pompon, etc.
- Coloring - the main "trump card" of the annual aster: a variety of bright or pastel colors, two-tone and complex modulations.
Asters do not require too early planting dates. They are successfully cultivated through seedlings raised in street greenhouses and unheated greenhouses. Practiced and podzimnie crops. Plants are unpretentious, and the only serious problem is their susceptibility to fusarium wilt (more fully about diseases and pests). There are modern varieties that are relatively hardy to this pathogen. Preventive measures help to avoid trouble and help to manifest true beauty.
Stars of Tazy
The name beats the original meaning of the Greek word ASTRA - "star". The novelty is a miracle of breeding, unique in its short stature: the height of the whole plant does not exceed 15 cm. The miniature "balls" are densely studded with needle "stars" from the second month of summer to the end of the season (more than 100 days). Foliage is almost invisible. The diameter of each "star" - 6 cm, shades are found and rich and delicate. The beauty is resistant to bad weather, suitable for sowing before winter. Suitable for pot culture.
This baby is from Germany. Pyramidal, compact stem rises above the ground by 20-30 cm. Strong twigs carry unexpectedly large inflorescences about 10 cm in size. They resemble miniature peonies - terry and semi-double, saturated tones, in the classic color scheme. Bloom 3 months after the beginning of the growing season.
Varieties of the best tall asters for country flower beds and bouquets
A stable classification of asters by the shape of petals does not exist. For example, inflorescences with both narrow and wide petals may be referred to the chrysanthemum type. But for the grower, not the names are more important, but the real beauty.
Asters with wide petals
Basically, the peony flowers of the classical type are represented here.
Translated from the French word means "duchess". This is a special type of peony aster with thick petals, beautifully inclined towards the center. The flowering period from medium to medium late: August-September. One branched stem can replace a whole bunch. It grows to 70-80 cm. The corollas are spherical, even, 9-10 cm each, with a rich palette of colors.
Classical aster in the form of a peony with abundant flowering at the end of summer and early autumn. It reaches a height of 70 cm. An upright branchy shrub is able to give a dozen flower heads with a diameter of 8-10 cm. They are magnificent in cutting - they do not wilt in bouquets for a long time. The mixture produces a varied color spectrum: bright colors prevail, but there are also delicate ones - light, pastel. Plants demonstrate the best quality with high agricultural technology.
Peony type, wonderful in bouquets. Each stem of a single flower grows 35 cm or more, the common trunk grows 70 cm. At the same time, more than a dozen baskets 8-10 cm in size can be observed in the dissolution. The palette of colors is the richest, no less than a dozen shades: from saturated to pastel. One of the brightest is fiery red, and the most tender is salmon.
The largest largest variety of heads of all pionic asters is 15 cm. Stalks are strong, erect, up to 80 cm, columnar. Each plant produces one and a half dozen extramacho ribs of the highest commercial quality. Strong petals do not suffer from rain. A powerful bush needs increased nutrition. Breeders offer 6 color options, the most intense - blue tone.
This medium early variety is good for its versatility: strong 0.7 m long stems are resistant to lodging in a flowerbed, ideal in bouquets. The corollas resemble large chrysanthemums or peonies: hemispherical, 12-13 cm in size, very thick and even. Numerous strong inflorescences withstand the vagaries of the weather. Timely cutting activates new flowering waves. The variety type exists in several keys: white, cream, pink, red, violet. The most original is chamois: light salmon, pale pink with an orange tint.
The most popular variety of aster, hardy to fusarium wilt. A sprawling bush, slightly above half a meter, carries up to a dozen corollies measuring 10 cm. In shape, they resemble peonies - hemispherical, densely terry. The plant attracts the attention of unusual colors (reminiscent of apple blossoms). The bases of the petals are milky-white, the tips are pale pink with a lilac-pink subtone, which intensifies as the halo opens.
This is a special peony-like aster with whitish-silver ("gray") tips of the petals. The basic tone is dark pink or lilac-blue. Stems are strong, heads do not droop, in full dissolution they are terry or semi-double. The average size is 9 cm, the maximum - 12 cm. The bush is pyramidal, compressed, produces about a dozen flowering stems from July-August to autumn frosts.
Heart of france
The newest peony form of import selection. The diameter of the corolla is 8 cm. The color is saturated, blood-red, does not fade from sunlight, does not suffer from rain. Succulent spot on the flowerbed, excellent cut. Erect plant reaches a height of 70 cm, abundantly branching. Flowering period - mid-late: August-September.
Pionovaya aster rose-shaped subtype, bush-shaped. The flowers are not very large (6 cm), but bloom in large quantities on the branch stem of half a meter in height. The width of the bush is half the height. Baskets white, very thick. This characteristic is applicable to the variety "Antarctica" from the companies "Gavrish" and "Article", the same-name asters from the company "Sedek" - curb (height 25 cm, diameter 9 cm).
Aster with narrow petals
There are many varieties, and all of them are amazing, original, non-standard: for any, even the most demanding taste.
A popular type of needle aster with a rich palette of colors and an exquisite smell. Flowering period - from medium to medium. Radiant "stars" reach a diameter of 13 cm. The central petals elegantly hide the center. Plants high (up to 0.7 meters), with numerous branches, require free placement. For the season they can be cut from 5-10 standard bouquet stems. When sowing the mixture there is no reliable guarantee of the appearance of a particular shade, therefore, among the gardeners, individual packages are popular in color. Crystal white "Snowflake" is always in demand.
Translated from the French: "that is necessary", "decent".
Perfect holiday cut. Coloring - white. Dimensions - record (16-17 cm). The heads are thick, with numerous petals - thin and graceful. Petals look very gently, but in the ground they do not deteriorate due to bad weather, and they do not fade for long in cutting. Numerous peduncles firmly sit on a high stem (0.7 meters). The variant of red coloring is less common (packaging of the company "Euro-seeds").
Unusually spectacular series with huge buds - up to 16-18 cm in diameter. Thin needles and petals are arranged very densely, diverge in long rays, slightly wrapped in the center. Shrubs start branching early, grow up to 70 cm. Powerful stems firmly hold standard, equalized heads (9-11 pieces per root). Each of the many colors has its own name. Variety "Dutch" - tender, salmon.
The updated format of the classic needle type with abundant mid-early flowering. The bushes are not too high - half meter, but the trunks are very strong: they do not bend under the weight of weighty “stars” with a size of 10-12 cm. Each plant produces at least a dozen buds. The color range of the new variety is very wide.
Needle petals are fancifully bent by "claws" - usually towards the center, with slightly directed sideways in a spiral.
Bushes are straight-growing, compressed, suitable for dense planting (30x30 cm). Tall stems (75 cm) are able to carry 15-20 corolla with delicate petals folded into narrow tubules. Petals are numerous, arranged very tightly, evenly. The color scheme of the mixture is sustained in bright colors, but sometimes also pastels slip. The inflorescences are astonished by the fact that in their own way they are even and beautiful, but at the same time they are unusual, and therefore not boring at all.
For reference: Gremlin is a “terrible” fairytale animal, a product of modern mythology (Great Britain, America, the 20th century).
"Awful" is next to the beautiful. In honor of the legendary Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova, not only meringue cake and white tulips were named, but also new wonderful asters. On a slender plant is formed with a dozen buds. Inflorescence in the dissolution resembles a circling ballerina. Halo openwork - terry, but not too tight. The size at full disclosure is 10-12 cm. Plants are tall (0.7 meters), the average flowering period, carry 9-11 flowers on strong stems. The colors are different, among them yellow has a moderate tonality, close to lemon.
Medium early compact variety with a pyramidal bush shape: height 0.7 meters with a width of 0.2 meters. Corollas bloom up to 12 cm in diameter, very thick and dense. Color - pink with salmon shade. Chinchilla animals do come in a pinkish-beige color, but the aster of the same name is still a little darker.
Standard claw aster average term flowering. It grows up to 75 cm, does not spread out wide. Stems are not prone to cracking, strong and elastic. Flowers open on 11-12 cm. The color scale is sustained in various classical tones.
Modern cutting series "Javel" (Juvel, Juel) is translated as "shine" and combines homogeneous varieties with the names of jewelry stones (garnet, purpurite, ruby, heliodor, amethyst, rhodolite, etc.). Perhaps this is one of the most terry asters, with a huge number of narrow petals. They are bloomed with large balls with a diameter of 14 cm. At first, the petals stick out with even rays, then bend a little with their claws. The height of the bush - up to 0.7 meters. Bouquets are very durable.
The mineral Heliodor is the most delicate golden-yellow variety of transparent beryl. Flower Javel Heliodor - very light yellow, faint hue of butter. Unique color for asters!
This form is a relatively recent breeding novelty. Highly appreciated by professional florists selling cut.
The variety combines early terms and long flowering, relatively resistant to fusarium wilt. The stem quickly grows to 65-70 cm, well branched, while maintaining the highest strength. During the season, more than a dozen buds are formed, which slowly dissolve into large balls of at least 12 cm in size. Petals-needles are uniform in length and are extremely thick. The coloring is very original - purple-crimson with a bright sheen.
This is the latest series of spherical-needle type, represented by several varieties. Among them, the aster "Cherry" ("cherry") stands out in a thick dark red color. Strong tall stem (0.7 meters) for the season grows from 9 to 13 hemispherical flowers. Numerous petals are curled into tubes and sit very tightly. Flowering begins in mid-summer and continues until frost.
These asterochki are not too high and not very large, but there are a lot of crows on the bush - for the whole season they are changed to fifty, at the same time a whole bunch of them flaunts. Flowering pleases the eye for at least two months.
Special selection from the company "Gavrish" is endowed with original "edible" names: dairy, strawberry, blueberry, etc. (more than a dozen varieties, according to the association of taste with color). Bushy stems rise half a meter from the ground. The corollas (5 cm across) have an original shape. Extreme, slightly wider and long petals form a kind of “skirt”. Central petals - short, densely sitting. Varieties "Strawberry with cream" and "Blueberry with cream" are the most original: two-color, contrasting.
Aster flower description
Asters are a cultivated plant that blooms fairly large bright flowers. Due to the huge amount of variety they are perennial or annuals. There are more than 500 varieties of this herbaceous plant.
Most asters grow in the nature of America and China. In our countries, these flowers are grown by people purposefully for decorating gardens and flower beds. Perennial varieties of asters can be found in any garden or flower shop. The advantage of this plant is that it is not picky, does not require special conditions and easily coexists in the soil next to other flowers, bushes and trees.
Due to the fact that there are a huge number of species of asters, you can plant a flower bed and enjoy the chic flowers from May to late autumn. Some plants begin to bloom in early spring, others - in late autumn.
Aster flowers can be different, due to variety varieties. Most of them resemble chamomile in appearance, only the petals are not rounded off, but sharp at the ends. Because of this, this flower is often associated with a star. Even according to one of the legends, it is considered that aster appeared from star dust that settled on the earth.
Popular perennial varieties
Perennial plant varieties are valued for their durability, annual flowering and incredible beauty.Perennial asters
Depending on the type and variety of the plant, it can bloom all season, from May to November. Next, we consider in detail the most common varieties that bloom in different periods.
Best one-year asters
There is a huge amount of annual asters. The most popular variety is considered to be Chinese aster - Pomponnaya, galaxy and others. This flower is quite lush and looks great in the front garden and in the bouquet.
Annual varieties are widely used in landscape design to decorate gardens, courtyards, houses, balconies and other areas.
There are a huge number of asters that begin to bloom in early spring, starting in May. Most of them can be found in the wild, although some of these breeds of people for many years decorate the flower beds and their garden plots. Consider the most common varieties of early-flowering asters:
- Albus is characterized by a relatively low bush - no more than 30 centimeters. This variety blooms in white, and as a rule, the first buds appear in May. Thanks to the thick green leaves, flowers are clearly visible, even despite their height.
- Dunkle Sheen resembles daisies in form. The flowers are of lilac color, the height of the bush is about 25 cm. This variety comes from the mountains, therefore it withstands slight frosts.
- Happy end has a long flowering period - 4-5 weeks. Flowers gently pink hue, the height of the bush is not more than 30 centimeters.
- Triumph is a variety obtained by crossing Alpine and European varieties. Flowers blue, medium size. The height of the stem is about 30 cm.
- Glory is a variety whose flowers resemble a daisy in shape and are distinguished by blue petals and a yellow center. The flower fits perfectly into any garden or front garden.
- Goliath differs quite large flowers - up to 6 cm in diameter. Blossom gentle lilac light in early summer.
Almost all spring varieties come from alpine meadows. Some of them grow in the wild at the foot of the mountains. That is why they are not afraid of low temperatures and begin to bloom quite early - May-June.
Annual varieties of asters that bloom in summertime are striking in their diversity and originality. They differ in brightness and color saturation. As a rule, asters are pink, white, purple, lilac, blue. The centers can be of different shades from light yellow to rich orange.Astra peony
К самым популярным летним астрам можно отнести следующие сорта:
- Итальянская астра считается самой распространенной в нашей стране. Ее выращивают садоводы для цветочного бизнеса и любители, для украшений приусадебных участков. Такие сорта поражают разнообразием ярких оттенков. Ухаживать за итальянской астрой просто — достаточно ее поливать своевременно и не допускать пересыхания листвы. Flowers of medium size, diameter - up to 5 cm. The most popular representatives of Italian asters are King George, blooming with large flowers of blue hue. Violet Queen - blooms in deep purple.
- The pink flowers of Lady Heindlip can be seen in every front garden, as this is the most popular and simple type of asters.
- Mongolian variety asters came to our country from Mongolia. The main feature of this flower is a height of up to 1 meter. At the same time on the stem are small flowers that will not go unnoticed. Mongolian aster does not require special fertilizer or watering schedule. Enough to ensure that the plant does not die from drought. Aster needs more moisture during flowering, but it cannot be poured over to avoid rotting of the root system.
- Golden aster blooms in late summer. As a rule, this is the first decade of August. Her flowers are significantly different from the usual inflorescences of asters. Inflorescences pineal, small, yellow. As a rule, such a plant is used to decorate courtyards in landscape design.
In addition to the above, there are many asters that bloom in summer. But these are considered the most common and easy to care for.
Asters that bloom in the fall are resistant to moisture and cold temperatures. These varieties are called "frost." Despite the fact that they are not summer, they are as beautiful and bright as other members of this class. They usually bloom from the second half of September to the end of November:
- Novobelgiyskaya Astra is very high, some plants can reach a height of several meters. Flower petals can be pink, lilac, purple or red. This variety is not suitable for cutting into bouquets, because it tends to close at night and on cloudy days. So the plant protects itself from frost, although it maintains a sub-zero temperature very well.
- The heather aster is characterized by small flowers and visually resembles heather. Shrubs are usually an average of 80 centimeters tall. For good flowering you need to plant on fertile soil and fertilize, then the plant tolerates any weather conditions.
- Astra bokotsvetnaya - this is frost-resistant autumn variety. It is a cous, more than a meter high. Flowers are arranged throughout the plant evenly. Small flowers appear around October.
Plants that bloom in the fall, do not pour much water. They do not like dryness, but they also do not need excessive moisture. Enough natural rain.
At the end you can conclude. That aster - one of the most beautiful and, most importantly, picky flowers for a flower bed or garden. Planting different varieties, they can be enjoyed from the beginning of spring and almost until winter.
Astra elite - on video:
Video about how to sow asters for the winter
For curbs can be used undersized shrub asterwhose height varies from 20 cm to 50 cm. Due to the abundant dark green foliage, the plant resembles boxwood and looks very attractive even in a non-flowering state. In addition, to cut the shrub aster when making borders is not necessary, just trim a little.
The choice of varieties is quite varied: light blue asters of Blue Bird, white reed flowers of Niobey and Alba flora Plen varieties, lilac inflorescences of Dwarf Nancy, crimson asters Royal Ruby and compact bushes with rose-purple flowers Venus.
But if the above varieties of perennial asters bloom only at the end of summer, then alpine aster Begins with its charming little flowers bluish-lilac and pinkish shades from May-June. Compact bushes with slightly pubescent stems reach a height of 30 cm, miniature flowers resemble multi-colored daisies with a bright yellow central part.
The most popular varieties (Dunkle Schone, Alba, Ruber, Glory, Superbus, Goliath, Rosea) are often used to create mixborders, alpine slides, curbs and gardening balconies and terraces.
In this article you will find useful information about the most popular varieties of annual asters, as well as learn the classification of these garden flowers, which will help determine the right choice.
Adding an article to a new collection
Already at the beginning of spring, the most popular and favorite annual flower growers require close attention. But then they all summer generously endow their masters with lush, bright and abundant flowering.
What exactly is worth planting in a flower garden? We have specially prepared for you a list of plants that will certainly turn the flower garden into an object of your pride and the envy of your neighbors.
Lobelia - air cascade of flowers
Flowers This Letnik can be very different colors: from white to dark blue. They are small (no more than 5 mm in diameter) and have a small white spot in the center. Especially beautifully look with this speck blue flowers. Popular with flower growers are ampelous forms this plant and so growing straight. Ampella grown in hanging baskets, containers, vases. When planting such a form in the open ground, the lobelia blanket covers the area allotted to it, clinging to the soil with air roots. With proper care, lobelia is plentiful blooms since early summeruntil the first frost. If the plant is planted in a container, it will successfully transfer the winter in the house on the windowsill, and after spring pruning it will bloom with a new force.
Coleus - grandmother's "netting" in the flowerbed
The love of many growers Coleus won thanks to an unusual and diverse leaf color. Dark green, maroon, fiery red, almost white, yellow and even black, their color allows you to create original compositions in flowerbeds using only Coleus. But peduncle this plant is completely unattractive - a long arrow studded with small flowers. Therefore, when a peduncle appears, it is recommended to be removed, so that the plant does not spend extra efforts on flowering, but continues to fully increase its ornamental foliage. On the site for Coleus is better to choose place in partial shade. If the plant is under the direct scorching rays of the sun, its leaves can burn out, and their color will fade.
Among the remaining annuals marigolds is easy to learn. Flowers They are painted in yellow, orange and carrot colors. There are also combined instances in which the orange tint is successfully combined with the dark maroon. Leaves have a dark green color. Marigold depending on the variety are tall, medium tall and short stunted. These flowers are especially picky, for which flower growers love them. Plants prefer sunny places, tolerate the scorching summer sun and dry days. If marigolds are grown by the seedling method, a month later the seedlings will delight the first buds.
Petunia - Queen of Annuals
Large-flowered, small-flowered, with monophonic petals and intricate patches, terry and simple, ampelous and short-growing - absolutely all types of petunias are beautiful in their own way. And even the most indifferent to flowers will not be able to resist the aroma that is thinned by some of its varieties. Petunia easy endures the summer heat. Some of its hybrids are not afraid of rainy weather and wind (the branches do not break, and the flowers are not injured under the blows of raindrops). The main thing is not to forget during remove faded flowerswithout letting them form seeds. This will stimulate the emergence of new and new buds. Bloom petunias from the beginning of summer until mid-autumn. Propagated its mostly seedling method. The growing season is quite long - about 3 months.
Pelargonium - multicolored "umbrellas"
Many are accustomed to seeing Pelargonium as an indoor plant adorning window sills. However, this flower is ideal for decorating the garden. Pelargonium can be planted as in open groundso and in hanging potsor vases. She prefers sunny areas, although it can fully develop in the shade, but in this case the flowering will not be so abundant. Propagated pelargonium as apical cuttings, and seed method. Its inflorescences, depending on the variety, look like multicolored umbrellas or round volumetric balls. The color scheme is quite diverse: white, red, scarlet, pink, burgundy and others.
Ageratum - when the spines are a joy!
Flowers the ageratum looks like small spines. They are small and narrow tubular, collected in small inflorescences baskets. Flowering plant from the beginning of summer and until the first frost. Stems this herbaceous or semi-shrub flower is strongly branched and slightly pubescent. In height, the plant can grow up to 10-50 cm. Ageratum attracts attention not only by its unusual appearance, but also by its undemanding nature: the plant is quite drought-resistant. To plant a flower preferably on a fairly bright place.
Begonia - flower extravaganza
Variety of shapes this one-year-old simply amazes! There are ampel begonias, similar in shape to flowers, like a rose or a peony. Buds have bright and saturated colors - red, yellow, orange, pale white. On the site begonia recommended to land in partial shade - here she will feel most comfortable.
One year old aster in the garden
Astra gives beautiful large inflorescences, if you grow it in sunny areas. In addition, the plant tolerates the first autumn fall temperatures. Asters are terry and non-terry. General species and varieties one-year asters, there are a huge set. Between themselves, they differ in height, as well as the shape and color of flowers. Thanks to this wide aster used in garden design. Propagated asters only seeds.
Balsam garden, or "Vanka wet"
White, pink, purple colors of this plant are able to delight the eyes throughout the summer. Attract attention and leaves balsam - they are narrow and elongated, the color of juicy greens. Plant prefers sunny places, loves abundant watering. Balsam good enough breeds self seeding. But do not forget thin out shootsso that they do not interfere with each other to fully develop.