Up to 220 companies are engaged in organic production in Ukraine, 400 thousand hectares of land are allocated for growing products, but the possibilities are much greater.
This opinion was expressed by the President of the Academy of Organic Gardening Ecogarden Valentina Lanovenko, LandLord reports.
“For organic farming, the most preferable are lands that have not been cultivated for a long time - up to 10-15 years. And we have enough of such sites, ”said Lanovenko.
The process of certification of organic production lasts from one to three years. Certification companies take soil tests, they are repeated annually. Check products for the content of harmful substances. For the lands where chemistry was used intensively, a transition period was established - 3 years. During this time, you can sow siderats, prepare the site for organic production.
As noted, the organic trend in Ukraine is only gaining momentum. There are companies that have been working in this direction for decades, but most have started production recently. The market capacity is estimated at € 18 million. For comparison, in Germany the annual consumption exceeds € 8 billion.
“For the time being, we are exporting organic products for a small amount, but the export potential is € 50 million annually if we use more land,” says Lanovenko.
It also clarifies that over the past 10 years, the production of organic products in Ukraine has increased by 90%. The main export markets are the EU, Asia and the USA.
For reference: Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine Elena Kovaleva estimated the domestic organic market in Ukraine in 2017 at € 25 million.
Organic in Ukraine
Ukraine, having significant potential for the production of organic agricultural products, its exports, consumption in the domestic market, has achieved certain results in the development of its own organic production. Thus, the area of certified agricultural land in Ukraine, involved in the cultivation of a variety of organic products, is already more than three hundred thousand hectares, and our state for this indicator occupies the honorable twentieth place among the world's leading countries of the organic movement. The share of certified organic areas among the total agricultural land of Ukraine is 1%. At the same time, Ukraine is a leader in the Eastern European region on the certified area of organic arable land, specializing mainly in the production of cereals, leguminous plants and oilseeds.
In addition, in our country, 550 thousand hectares of wild plants are certified (as of December 31, 2016).
In recent years, there has been a tendency to actively fill the domestic market with its own organic products due to the establishment of its own processing of organic raw materials. In particular, it is cereals, juices, syrups, jam, honey, meat and dairy products, teas, medicinal herbs.
The official statistical surveys of IFOAM confirm that if in 2002 in Ukraine there were 31 households that received the status of "organic", then in 2016 there were already 360 certified organic farms, and the total area of agricultural land on which organic production is conducted was 411200 ha.
Table 1. Total area of organic agricultural matter. land and amount of organic
households in Ukraine, 2002-2016
Number of farms
Most Ukrainian organic farms are located in Odessa, Kherson, Kiev, Poltava, Vinnitsa, Transcarpathian, Lviv, Ternopil, Zhytomyr regions. Ukrainian certified organic farms - of various sizes - from several hectares, as in most European countries, to several thousand hectares of arable land.
The study of the Federation of Organic Movement of Ukraine shows that the modern domestic consumer market of organic products in Ukraine began to develop from the beginning of the 2000s, reaching: in 2005 - 200 thousand euros, in 2006 - 400 thousand euros, in 2007 .- 500 thousand euro, in 2008 - 600 thousand euro, in 2009 - 1.2 million euro, in 2010 - 2.4 million euro, in 2011 this figure rose to 5 , 1 million euros, in 2012 - up to 7.9 million euros, in 2013 - up to 12.2 million euros, in 2014 - up to 14.5 million euros., In 2015 - up to 17.5 million euros, in 2016 - 21.2 million euros, and in 2017 - 29.4 million euros.
Beginning in January 2014, the Law of Ukraine No. 425-VII, signed on October 3, 2013, "On the production and circulation of organic agricultural products and raw materials" entered into force in Ukraine.
The law defines the legal and economic bases for the production and circulation of organic agricultural products and raw materials, measures for controlling and supervising such activities and are aimed at ensuring fair competition and proper functioning of the market for organic products and raw materials, improving basic indicators of public health, preserving the natural environment, soil use, ensuring the rational use and reproduction of natural resources, as well as ensuring The consumer profile in products and raw materials labeled as organic.
According to this Law, business entities that label their products as organic are obliged to bring their activities in compliance with the provisions of the Law within six months.
The specialists of the organic sector express the hope that with the adoption of the Law, the state will see a revitalization and revitalization of the development of the organic sector, and, equally important, the existence of such a phenomenon as “pseudo-organic” will become impossible. In particular, the law states:
"It is prohibited, when marking products that do not comply with the requirements of this Law, to use the designation with the words" organic "," biodynamic "," biological "," ecological ", with words with the prefix" bio ", etc.
Organic products imported from other countries, produced in accordance with the laws of the countries of origin, which is confirmed by the relevant certificate, marked with the words "organic", "biodynamic", "biological", "ecological", with the words "bio", etc. , should be translated into Ukrainian language labeled "organic product".
However, it should be noted that while the relevant bylaws are not developed in Ukraine, domestic producers undergo the procedure of organic certification of their production according to the applicable international standards, most often they are the norms of the European Union.
In addition, in the State target program of rural development for the period up to 2015, which has already expired, it was declared to increase the share of organic products in the total gross agricultural output to 10 percent, which, of course, was not achieved due to lack of industry support by the state.
Another document that focuses on the organic sector is the Strategy for the development of the agricultural sector of the economy for the period up to 2020, approved by the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 806-p. In the strategy, among the priority directions for achieving the strategic goals are indicated and ensuring the food security of the state by promoting the development of organic farming, primarily in individual peasant and medium farms.
Ukrainian organic farm
Young enthusiasts Ilya Tretnikov and Oksana Timchenko decided to create a small farm in s. Shevchenkovo, Cherkasy region, its area is only 75 acres, and exclusively organic products are grown here using permaculture and organic farming methods.
“Our products are interesting for raw foodists, vegetarians, and people who care about their health and the quality of the food they consume.” Says Ilya.
This is mainly dried vegetables, fruits and herbs, which are dried in a special drying at a temperature not higher than 40 degrees. As well as conservation without the use of sugar and vinegar, and even without heat treatment.
Founder Oleg Zhukovsky, after the birth of his daughter, decided to create a small eco-farm to provide his family with natural products. Now it is more than 4000 hectares of fields and pastures and about 1000 head of cattle.
Organic products: raw milk, pasteurized milk, sour cream, kefir, low-fat kefir, butter, low-fat drinking yoghurt, honey, sausages, vegetables, as well as grains and legumes.
Ekorod - a natural garden
Ekorod is located in Vyshgorod, Kiev region and produces organic cereals, flour, watermelons, melons, sunflower oil, honey.
We often buy sunflower oil from this manufacturer and rye flour, so we recommend them.
Taras Lozhenko at some point decided to leave the advertising business and decided to do something real. So he joined the farming that his father did.
“We have our own philosophy and we use the principle - do it yourself, because no one will do any better for you,” says Taras. “Therefore, everything from the very beginning: from plowing the ground for sowing grain to delivering cheese to your home, we do it ourselves. Handmade farm cheeses are the future of Ukraine. This is the future of the middle class of agriculture. We urge everyone to join this case. Support the domestic manufacturer! "
Motherfarm eco-farm is located near Kiev in the village of Maliy Lesovtsy.
The idea of our farm “Motherfarm” developed gradually, from a small house in the village. At first there was a desire to provide only his family with natural products, because many of the products that you can buy in supermarkets are products of the chemical industry. But then other people, mostly friends, began to ask to cook for them. Then friends of friends, etc. So the farm was born. Some friends began to join to work together on this project.
Today, Motherfarm farm produces: milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, butter and cheese.
Leleka - Organic Eggs
Conviction in organic farming at the founder of the eco-farm Ilya Anosov was formed long ago, under the influence of authors such as Faulkner, Fukuoka, Maltsev, Ovsinsky.
“Despite the fact that, for example, 100 years ago, Ovsinsky wrote things that are logical and understandable to everyone, but organic farming practices still do not use much,” says Ilya.
The farm "Leleka-92" is organized in such a way that it is close to natural ecosystems: for more than seven years neither mineral fertilizers nor toxic chemicals have been used here. Due to the fact that deep plowing of the earth is not practiced, live bacteria and worms, which are the source of natural tillage, are preserved. The bird is contained in the conditions of free-range, that is, it is not in cages and does not have forced feeding. When they are grown, antibiotics, hormones and drugs of inorganic origin are prohibited. In these conditions, the bird forms and maintains natural immunity.
There is an organic farm "Leleka-92" in with. New Liman Kharkiv region.
Caring for the health of her own family prompted Olga and Nazar Romaniv to launch a line of direct-pressed natural juices, which ensures maximum preservation of all vitamins. There were all the prerequisites for this - Nazar's parents began planting apple orchards 10 years ago in the very center of the Carpathian region.
“Our mission is to produce a 100% natural, ecological Ukrainian product grown with love on the fertile Carpathian land, so that our consumers with pride and pleasure use juicy and organic apples and freshly squeezed juice. We want the brand “made in Ukraine” to occupy an honorable place in the hearts and on the tables of real Ukrainians ... A healthy lifestyle and the consumption of only natural products is our philosophy, which we strive to pass on to our consumers, ”says Nazar Romaniv.
Eco-farm "Green Guy"
The founder of this farm was the Frenchman Oresta Del Sol, he does a very patriotic business - he restores livestock in the Ukrainian Carpathians, keeping the goats, cows and pigs of the breeds inherent in this land. Family members and the same number of local residents who help with housekeeping work on the farm.
The main specialization of the farm is the production of natural cheeses from goat and cow milk.
The farm is high in the Carpathians with. Lower Selishche, Khust district, Transcarpathian region.
Eco-farm Green Yar
The farm of Vasily and Vitaly Yaremchuk is located in the village of Mykulychyn, Yaremche district, Ivano-Frankivsk region.
Farmers in practice demonstrate how to effectively revive the Poloninsky farm by starting a case for breeding purebred goats and making delicious cheese.
The main specialization of the farm is the production of goat cheese, milk and guided tours.
Organic farm "Golden Goat"
The Golden Goat dairy farm is located in a picturesque area in the village of Pokrovka in the Novoarkhangelsky district of the Kirovograd region, its products include yogurt, cheese, cottage cheese desserts, kefir, milk.
Animals are kept without the use of growth stimulants, hormones and antibiotics, and for their treatment using prophylactic agents and homeopathic preparations. Chemical refining, deodorization, hydrogenation, radiation exposure, artificial and synthetic sweeteners, preservatives, flavors, mineralization and fortification of products, genetically modified ingredients are prohibited on the farm.
Despite the strong fire in February 2014, by the end of the year, Tatyana and Sergey Orlovskiy managed to restore their flock and today it already has 250 heads, 4 breeds.
Seli cheese factory
Selisky cheese factory is a social project that has been operating since September 2002 and was founded by residents of the Lower Village together with the European cooperative Longo Maj.
The owner and author of the idea, Peter Prigara, says that the success story is simple: he never perceived his work as a business and did not chase after high incomes. To achieve results, I studied the experience of European colleagues, and in order to understand them, I had to learn French, live among Alpine cheese makers, milk cows, and cook cheese on wood, so there is no electricity in the valleys.
Cheese Factory produces cheese from cow's milk, which is taken from the rural population living in the vicinity of the famous Narcissus Valley, in the heart of the Ukrainian Carpathians.
Genatsvale - Georgian cheeses
In order to decide to make cheese, as practice shows, it is not necessary to initially be a professional in this area - there is enough feeling “for the power offensively”.
“The idea of producing Georgian cheese according to traditional technology was born in connection with the domination of a poor-quality product called“ Suluguni ”in Ukraine, which discredited the good name of one of the oldest sorts of cheese on earth and touched the pride of the Georgian people,” says advertising and marketing specialist Oksana Gonchar . Her husband, Lasha Mukbaniani, a diplomat and political consultant, and his brother Zviad, a politician and former member of the Georgian parliament, were just such people whose pride was hurt.
In Ukraine, according to the Mukbaniani brothers, there are very good conditions for the production of such cheeses, since local milk is rich in protein, which is a decisive parameter for them. Western Ukraine was chosen for the construction of the plant cleanliness of the region and high quality milk.
The idea to engage in the cultivation of sheep and sheep in Dmitry Savchuk, he said, appeared spontaneously. He had no animal husbandry experience, but there was a desire to find normal mutton at an adequate price. As a result, in Brusilov in the Zhytomyr region in 2013, he and his wife founded the Agrocapital farm, to which relatives later joined. So it became a family affair. At first it was difficult to find the "right", not fat-tailed sheep. Today, there are 400 heads of meat breeds on the farm, next year their own offspring is expected. And in the plans, in addition to meat products, to make dairy.
The farm is located in a clean area, officially it is not certified, but, as Dmitry says, sheep and sheep do not eat any feed and chemical additives and hormones, in principle, their diet consists of hay, straw, oats, salt and water.
During the warm period, they are kept in free grazing, and when it gets colder, they spend half the day walking outside, and then are in a stall on the farm.
Ecofarm "Azorel" is located in the village of Mukhovtsy, Vinnitsa region. It produces about 20 types of dairy products: traditional dairy products - three types of cheese, yogurt and milk - and dietary, that is, from skimmed milk.
Founder Sergey Dashko has been selling cars all his life, but at some point he decided to start the production of environmentally friendly natural products. Today, the farm has about 60 milk cows, which give approximately one ton of milk per day with a fat content of 4.2%.
Здесь нет сертификата органик, но эта ферма вторая в Украине, которой разрешили продавать не переработанное, а сырое молоко в качестве готового продукта.
Эта ферма была создана как семейное предприятие по производству исключительно органических продуктов питания. It could not be otherwise, because initially it was about the health of the child. It so happened that the couple, Andrei and Victoria, often had a daughter Xenia, and even had to temporarily move to Germany. There, doctors advised to pay special attention to Xenia's healthy diet.
As a result, a lawyer, a father, and a linguist mother bought a former collective farm farm in Zhytomyr Region, and for the sake of their daughter they engaged in agriculture, plant growing and animal husbandry.
Today Polesye Invest is the first enterprise in Ukraine that has been certified for organic livestock, 100% provided by its own feed, also certified as organic. Basically, the farm grows ducks, geese, turkeys, sheep, guinea fowls and pheasants.
To launch his eco-farm, Pavel Tisesh bought the old, dilapidated premises, where the tobacco had been dried before. In the building, which was 110 years old, only adobe walls remained. Today here is the first in Ukraine, a museum of levars and a tasting room.
His farm is located in the vicinity of Rakhiv, Yasinya.
The farm processes plums, blueberries, lingonberries, wild raspberries, strawberries, cornels, apples, red currants, black chokeberry. Of these are made lekvar, juices and syrups. The production employs 5 people, including Pavel Pavlovich himself. Under the “Pan Eco” brand today 15 kinds of bio-products are manufactured with an organic certificate of EuroLists.
The ideological inspiration for the agricultural service cooperative "Clean Flora" from the village of Spas, Kolomyia district, Ivano-Frankivsk region is Mikhail Stovpyuk, educated as a biologist, from childhood he was fond of herbalism and built his own farm in the heart of the Carpathians, jams, jams, picking mushrooms and berries.
Organic Complex Alexei Romanenko
Alexey Romanchenko, who decided to grow organic vegetables and various greens three years ago, did not have experience in agriculture. Therefore, first thoroughly studied his question, then he built two greenhouses and began the certification process for organic production according to European rules. In April 2013, “Alexey Romanchenko Organic Complex” received a permanent certificate of organic producer.
“Organic products were first fashion trends, but over time, their use has become a way of life for people who care about their health and appreciate the taste of natural products. It is still difficult to find high-quality organic products on the Ukrainian market, especially from Ukrainian producers. But it is possible, and we are one of them, ”says Alexey.
Mainly grown here: cucumbers, arugula, lettuce, cilantro, chard leaves, parsley, radishes, mint, onions, feathers, basil, dill.
Now Alexey has three greenhouses and 1, 5 hectares of open ground is ready for growing borschevye vegetables, such as potatoes, onions, and carrots. This soil is also certified as suitable for organic production.
Green Tim Asparagus
Growing white and green asparagus has become a private project for the Boden family in the village of Lyubimovka. Johan Boden loved to cook, and his wife Larisa liked to grow. And eight years ago, she felt that it was time to grow asparagus. Her husband often brought her from trips to Holland in the spring, but it was expensive and the taste of asparagus was lost due to the lengthy transportation without refrigeration. At the beginning of the project, they were helped by the German Falk Nebiger, a restaurant-entrepreneur and his father, who knew how to grow asparagus.
The farm is located in Kakhovka, Kherson region.
Vyacheslav Tsuprikov, the founder of the Gogolmed organization, produces honey in the Orzhitsky district of the Poltava region, in one of the few places in Ukraine, which are practically not affected by industrial production.
The main philosophy is humane treatment of bees.
The total area of forests, meadows and marshes is 2000 hectares. There are growing lindens, acacias, chestnuts, oaks, which provide support for populations of wild bees. Creating and maintaining a safe environment for the life of bees helps to increase the number of their colonies, and thus contributes to their salvation.
Bees collect nectar on wild plants of meadows and forests or on agricultural fields where organic farming is used. Bees are not subject to the stress associated with transporting hives, which is often practiced by other beekeepers. 75% of the honey they make is left to the bees, so sugar is never used for top dressing.
“Our honey is the best in Ukraine!” - the participants of the public environmental organization “Gogolmed. Save the bees - save the world! ”
In quality, it is not inferior, but somewhere it surpasses Bashkir honey, New Zealand honey Manuka and Israeli Life-Mel Khani, which are considered to be the best in the world.
Apiary Leonika Kolomiytsa
Beekeeper Leonid Kolomiets, in whose family grandfather and father were well-known beekeepers and beekeepers in the Khmelnytsky region, began to do what he loved from childhood.
Together with his wife Lyudmila and his son, he produces bee products and has an apiary, which has more than fifty beehives. At the same time they travel the most honey-bearing territories of the Carpathian region, and these are local fields, meadows and forests.
The owner knows about the bees and their product (pollen, propolis, bee sorrel, wax moth) practically everything and openly shares its professional achievements of the beekeeper.
The apiary is located in the town of Tysmenytsia, Ivano-Frankivsk region, and has about fifty beehives.
What other organic farms and producers of natural products in Ukraine would you include in this list? Write in the comments.