In order for the chickens to be able to race throughout the year, proper nutrition is important. Feed must be carbohydrate, protein and mineral content. You should also not forget about the vitamins for hens, because their lack leads to disturbances in the productivity of chickens. Great importance is the proper nutrition of chickens. For this they need all the time to eat germinated grain, which contains a large amount of vitamins. Germinated grain is mixed with four grams of yeast and one gram of fish oil. This dose is calculated for one chicken. In the spring and summer, it is recommended to give the bird green grass treated with boiling water. Autumn is preparing food for the winter. In winter, dried nettle or grass is used to feed the chickens, which is ground and mixed with feed. When eating feed, chickens need to burn calories, and then they turn into fat. With excess weight chickens do not rush. To get protein, they need to be released into the meadow to search for different insects. The search for food is one of the main instincts and needs of chickens. A huge amount of vitamins found in foods such as carrots, cabbage, beets, these vegetables are used in cooking for chickens. Feeding chickens with these products is possible all year round. A large amount of vitamins for chickens also contains coniferous flour, which must be given once a day, seven grams. For the manufacture of pine meal it is necessary to chop the needles, then add it to the feed. Amino acids are another important component for healthy nutrition of chickens, they are found in milk, fish meal and worms. To enrich the body of laying hens with calcium and phosphorus, which they need to form a shell, chickens must eat shell rock, chalk and egg shells. Before eating, products containing calcium and phosphorus must be calcined at high temperature for 20 minutes. Lime, which has a shelf life of no less than six months, also contains minerals. It is necessary to mix it with sand before feeding the laying hens. Lime can also be replaced with old wood ash, bone meal or phosphate. Dry garlic or its powder is also considered a useful additive to feed for chickens, without which it cannot be avoided. It is very useful because it contains sulfur with vitamin B. Dry garlic can be given to chickens, mixing it with food or separately. The chickens in the body of chickens fight against various parasites, improve immunity and prevent respiratory diseases. Vitamins for chickens can be used as cooked at home, and complex vitamins produced by special companies. Buy vitamins for chickens can be in the form of powder or liquid, which should be given along with drinking.
Very good and important feeding for chickens is fish oil, it improves the plumage of chickens and egg production. It contains vitamins A, D and acids. It is recommended to mix one tablespoon of fish oil with three kilograms of feed, and give the mixture once a week. Small gravel stones help chickens digest food. If the chickens need it, then they are looking for these small pebbles while walking to improve their digestion. And for laying hens that are in the chicken coop, you need to pour gravel into the feeder. In order for the laying hens to be healthy and to be carried all year round, they need to introduce vitamins and minerals in their diet that are contained in vegetables and other necessary products for chickens. And still, vitamins for chickens are sold in specialized stores. Dogs Dog Breeds Dog Grooming Dog Education Dog Health Dog Mouth Dog Shows Dog Food Cats Cat Rearing Cat Shows Dog Mating Cats Health Cats Cat Food Cat Breeds Cat Care Rodents Rodent Species Rodents Mating Rodent Health Rodent nursing Rodents Care Rodents Roses Care Rodents Roses for birds Bird feeding Breeding of birds Bird care Exotics Exotic animals Kinds of exotic animals Exotic animals health Exotic animals nutrition Exotic animals care Breed animals Fish Aquariums Fish species Fish feeding Fish farming Fish compatibility Good to know Interesting facts Stories Useful tips Do-it-yourself Questions to the vet Questions about rodents Questions about cats Questions about birds Questions about fish Questions about dogs Questions about exotics Farm Geese Goats Cows Chickens Horses Sheep Other Bees Pigs Extinct animals Extinct in our era Extinct birds Extinct fish Dinosaurs Oldest species Miscellaneous. I myself did not know what vitamins are needed for chickens. I am a beginner poultry farmer, and your article is a good note for all beginning poultry farmers. Thank you for this article - note. Now I can easily cope with the poultry industry.
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BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF FISH FAT.
Veterinary fat from fish and marine mammals contains easily digestible fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins.
Fish Oil for Poultry - Disease Resistance
When used correctly, the physiological needs of animals and birds in fat and vitamins A and D are provided, their growth and development of young animals is accelerated, reduces the risk of cancer and heart diseases, improves immunity to infectious diseases, improves hair and skin, regulates the exchange of calcium and phosphorus in the body It is necessary for the formation of bone tissue.
Veterinary fat from fish and marine mammals is used for the prevention of hypo-and avitaminosis, A and D in animals and birds, as well as for balancing their diets for fats and vitamins A and D and as a fortifying agent. It is also naznayut locally for the acceleration and healing of wounds, treatment of thermal and chemical burns of the skin and mucous membranes.
For prophylactic purposes, the drug is used, according to indications, for agricultural animals individually orally or in groups as a mixture with feed.
DOSES AND METHODS OF APPLICATION
Fish oil is given orally, directly or mixed with food daily for 2-3 months. For therapeutic purposes, the dose can be increased by 3 times.
Fish oil is given to dogs in the following doses:
Useful fish oil for animals
What supplements can be given to chickens, chickens, layers and broilers? Organize your pet the right diet for the benefit of the farmer. Chickens without healthy and green complementary foods become bad, the young growth stops growing, and the hens no longer lay eggs. If you give the winged the right amount of vitamins, you can avoid seasonal diseases and problems with broilers.
Fish oil contains vitamins:
Chickens should be given the right supplements at any age. Liquid components are added to chickens and broilers, which strengthen the bird and help it grow faster. Other vitamins can be given to the bird. Fatty polyunsaturated acids to chickens or broilers strengthen health and protect against diseases.
Useful trace elements for poultry are needed to increase egg production. Iodine, phosphorus and sulfur help organize the right feed. Chickens, both adults and chickens, must be given a dosed amount of drugs. Normalized vitamins allow broilers to quickly gain weight and start growing. With the help of a balanced and useful complementary food, the young can survive the winter. A and E protect pets from allergic diseases, diseases of the digestive system and anemia.
For layers, the liquid preparation is a source of vitamins that allow calcium to be better absorbed. Thanks to fish oil, the layer is better carried. Increased productivity is determined by the nutrition and diet of the winged. Birds without complementary foods with vitamins are more likely to get sick and rush less. The additive in the form of fish oil is absorbed by the body of the feathery 2 times faster. Useful substances are quickly oxidized and emulsified, and then penetrate through the cell membrane.
The beneficial properties of the additive can reduce cholesterol and triglycerides. The main property of fish oil is to strengthen the circulatory system. The drug looks like a yellow, liquid, fatty solution with a specific odor. Extracted from the liver of marine fish.
Keeping chickens brings the farmer little trouble. Unpretentious animals are resistant to temperature extremes, easily survive the winter in a warmed chicken coop and do not need constant vaccination. Balanced feeding of birds is a guarantee of good health of layers and future brood. Breeding chickens is easy and cheap if you know how to organize a power regime for birds.
Various supplements to feed such as fish oil for laying chickens not only strengthen the pet's immune system, but also allow you to reduce green food without harm to health. Fish oil for domestic chickens is simply necessary during vitamin deficiency. Useful and inexpensive additive will support birds and save them from epidemics. What is useful in fish oil?
Fish oil is a storehouse of vitamins and nutrients that do not contain a single chemical additive.
Even a person can take a natural component without fear for their own health. Chickens are added fatty solution or crushed capsules for a number of reasons. It is best for pullets to give a liquid fatty component that mixes quickly with dry food. For convenience, a useful additive is included in the composition of a homemade mash. A source of vitamins is added not only to pullets, but also to chickens.
Broilers without fish oil do not prepare any feed mixture. An indispensable additive that provides rapid growth of birds, is bought in large quantities in specialized stores. Kuram giving fatty vitamins without restrictions is not recommended.
When to give fish oil
Fish oil is not useful in any quantity. We must be able to give it correctly. The dosage of vitamins that broilers add to their feed is strictly regulated. How much fish oil is allowed in daily farm animal feed? From the fifth day of life the chicken is given vitamin supplements. Balanced nutrition is clearly dosed, in particular, too often you should not dilute the supplements. With the growth of chickens, the dose of the drug increases.
Experienced farmers and poultry farmers make whole courses of vitamin supplements. The scheme of prikorma simple: a week of fat supplements and a week break. Such courses allow you to maintain the immunity of birds for a year. Proper care is the key to a healthy farm. An overdose of the drug, which is necessary to increase egg production and rapid growth of young stockings, causes diarrhea and digestive system disorders in birds.
Store the drug should be in a dark cool place. The high content of vitamin A under the influence of sunlight quickly decomposes, and the vitamins of group D are converted into toxic substances. Risking the health of birds, especially young animals, is not worth it.
Benefits and characteristics
This medicine is one of the necessary vitamin supplements to strengthen the body of young birds. The composition of the additive includes a large amount of vitamin elements: A, E, D, omega-3, omega-6, iodine, sulfur, phosphorus.
Fish oil is necessary for chickens. The benefits of this drug:
- It strengthens the immune system
- accelerates growth processes
- prevents the development of problems with the digestive tract,
- prevents mortality of young chickens.
A special effect is possible in the autumn-winter period, when the bird does not receive vitamins of natural origin. Birds that grow indoors and in cages should receive medication continuously.
Fish oil for chickens is already beneficial on the 5th day after hatching. The initial dosage is one application per day in an amount of 0.2 ml per individual. As they grow, chickens are given up to 0.5 ml.
To introduce medicine to chickens is in the beginning of spring - the middle of autumn. Liquid vitamin is used with a small pause - a week later, take a break. Continuous consumption of vitamin leads to diarrhea.
For adult birds
Fish oil helps laying hens and broilers in the absorption of calcium, as a result it leads to an increase in egg production, improving the quality of eggs. It also has a beneficial effect on the formation of a strong bone system of broilers.
Fish oil for chickens is administered in a dosage of 2 to 5 ml per individual, mixed into the feed. Adding fish oil for broilers and layers in the mash is made by mixing it with warm water in a 1: 2 ratio. The resulting mixture is added to the feed, mixing thoroughly. Such a fortified course allows layers and broilers to increase disease resistance for a whole year.
Broilers who need fast weight gain are required to give a double portion. After completing the course, a pause of 2 weeks is made, and in some cases 1.5 months. At this time, the hen begins to give dry food.
If a bird is prepared for slaughter, then a week before this, fish oil for chickens is stopped to be given. This is due to the fact that it affects the smell and color of meat.
Fish oil is mixed in feed for chickens
Instructions to the drug
It is necessary to remember about the quality and shelf life of the drug, so as not to cause harm. It should be in a dark place. The need for such storage is due to the fact that vitamin D under the action of sunlight converts from a useful drug to a toxic substance. Store at a temperature of 15-25 ° C. Subject to all rules, the product is useful for one year from the date of opening.
There are no contraindications for use.
No specific side effects were observed during use. Impairment of health occurs in the following cases:
- Expired drug expiration date
- admission rules were abided by.
Cooking at home
The additive is common for sale, it is in any veterinary store or pharmacy, but for those farmers who have a large number of birds, the purchase will be expensive, so some have learned to prepare the additive at home. To do this, take any fish, from the inside of which with the help of heating receive the substance. The internal organs, putting in a container, placed in a microwave for 10 minutes. The resulting substance is poured into a bottle and stored in the refrigerator.
Fish oil is prepared for chickens by warming the meal in a water solution over low heat. Substance floating to the surface is removed with a spoon.
Proper broiler feeding on the first day
On the first day after the appearance, the chickens must be given special food. Newborn broilers, like other breeds of chickens, are fed almost the same during this period. Newborn chickens enjoy eating raw yolk and other foods.
It is not necessary to cook everything - at this time the bird will not eat much. However, feeding times should be frequent: about 8 meals per day. The interval between meals should also be kept the same.
For several years, this type of diet has become increasingly popular among cat owners, especially if a cat cannot eat processed food for various reasons or if the owner wants to give only natural food to his four-legged friends. By eating this way, the cat will have everything it needs to be healthy and grow without problems. In addition, thanks to this type of diet, you avoid the negative effects of processed foods, such as the consumption of chemicals and flour or the development of allergies and intolerances, and thus you can avoid obesity.
Some unknowing farmers suffer with the question - how long is it allowed to feed the cottage cheese to the chickens and what dose should be observed?
Broilers can eat boiled egg and dairy products even in the neonatal period. Such a menu is of great benefit to the chickens gastrointestinal tract and increases their immunity. As for the standards of feed for broilers - no need to overfeed the bird. Let's get a bit of everything, but often.
The philosophy of this kind of cat feeding refers to the fact that the structure of the cat is the same as always, even if it was tamed. It is for this reason that the cat's stomach assimilates and processes proteins better than carbohydrates, an ingredient from which processed foods are rich.
In addition, chemicals and fats contained in processed foods can cause some diseases in cats, such as pancreatitis and kidney stones, where it is recommended to make changes in the feeding of cats. Between 60 and 80% of cat food must be made from raw meat, chicken or turkey, with wings, necks, etc. 10% должны состоять из тертых сырых овощей, таких как морковь, сельдерей и кабачки и некоторые фрукты. Помните, что есть некоторые, в то время как другие типы могут быть токсичными, поэтому они никогда не дают им избегать отравлений и неприятных инцидентов.
Уже начиная с периода новорождённости, чтобы обеспечить пернатым интенсивный рост, можно начинать кормить их стартовым комбикормом. For this age is very important intensive weight gain, which can not be provided by the milk broilers. Feed should be started with 20 grams of grain mixture.
It is also necessary to add from 15 to 20% of mutton, duck or rabbit, for example, a couple of times a week, fish and entrails once a week, about 5 eggs a week, and some vitamin supplements, if the vet considers it appropriate. Among the necessary supplements, of course, there is taurine, an important component for a cat's diet, which must be taken every day. In our article you will find several suggestions.
The idea is to mix all the ingredients without cooking them and give the cat about two servings a day, but if it's a kitten, the food should be four. Avoid raw pork, cruciferous plants and excess starches, flour and cereals. Fish should be frozen before use to kill any bacteria. If you want, you can also take the same measure with the rest of the feed of animal origin. Bones should always be raw and with a small amount of meat, because they can break and cause the animal to suffocate.
In the first days of life, young broilers, like other chickens, are divided into 2 types. The first one feeds on specialized food, while the second one cannot eat on its own. In no case can not carry out feeding for them equally. Weaker birds should be given cottage cheese and egg yolks from a pipette. To make the chicken better swallow food, you can dilute it with milk.
Meat meat and bones are good. You can do it at home or do it when you buy meat. Place everything in a bowl and add the heart, vegetables and egg to mix so that the meat and the various ingredients merge together. You can add fish oil, the source of omega 3, paying attention to the weight of the cat to set the dose. For example, you can use salmon oil.
Make portions that correspond to each meal and place in the freezer. The evening before thawing the portions of the next day, to give his cat at room temperature. In this way, you can vary the ingredients using, for example, fish instead of liver. If you have no heart, add taurine. Also switch to used vegetables.
What eat 10-day chickens
In order for the growth of 10-day-old broilers to go up, you need to take care of the diversity in their diet. Experienced farmers say that in addition to the feed start, you can begin to give more adult food. However, cottage cheese still has to be on the menu. Start introducing yeast little by little - they will have a beneficial effect on chick mass.
If you prefer to use taurine supplements, you can add it directly to the bowl when you feed the kitten to avoid oxidation of the ingredients, and it is easier to calculate the required amount depending on the weight of the animal. Do not use condiments of any type, including salt, oil, sauces, garlic, onions or leeks. The cat does not need these products, and, in addition, they can be toxic.
Below we give the most obvious. A cat will follow natural feeding, just like a wild cat, rich in the nutrients it needs, and without the negative effects that food can have due to chemicals, preservatives and a lot of flour and cereal. such as overweight and laziness. Raw food contains large amounts of water, so do not worry if the cat is good for less.
- Hair will be brighter.
- Joints will be healthier, less susceptible to disease.
- Without carbohydrates stools will not be unpleasant.
- The cat will be more active.
Poultry farmers who are trying to raise broilers for the first time for sale are not always sure of the question: is it possible to feed young chickens with millet and what dosage should it be?
Indeed, millet is given even to newborn chicks. This type of cereal contains a lot of protein, which is the main participant in building muscles. It contains vitamins B and B1, as well as K and PP.
Beginning at 10 days of age, heat-treated vegetables are allowed for the chicken. For example, boiled and ground carrots will be a great addition to the poultry menu.
You can also give boiled potatoes. If the chicken feels fine, the dose of vegetables can be up to 25 grams per day. Do not forget to add a small amount of shells or crushed shells to the food containers - they have a tremendous benefit for the growth of young broilers.
Various additives (just don’t try to give the broilers sand) should not exceed 1.5–2 grams per bird at first. Experienced farmers begin to produce a certain amount of fish oil and chalk in this category of birds.
For those who doubt whether it is possible to give vitamins to broilers, there is an obvious answer. Young birds simply need vitamins and minerals, especially the D group. As for fish oil, it also prevents the development of rickets and contributes to the good health of the bird.
What give broilers at the age of 3 weeks
This information will be useful to those who want to find out the feed rate for chickens 2-3 weeks old. Such an age of chickens suggests that their body is already ready to digest virtually any green food.
Yeast can be gradually added to the feed that matches the age of the bird, as well as to diversify it with fish products. Yeast solution is prepared in proportion of 3 g of dry yeast per 4 ml of water for 1 bird.
Feeding wet mash is better for this age to cook on meat broth. Remember that feeding broiler chickens at home should be especially careful to monitor the freshness of perishable foods (such as cottage cheese, fish, yeast).
This rule must be observed to avoid problems with the digestive tract in young birds. The rapid growth of chickens depends on how healthy the bird is during the entire feeding time.
And of course, growing broilers at home will not do without the prevention of various poultry diseases. A three-week brood can begin to be soldered with a Bybox.
One chicken requires a lot of vitamins, however, the dosage (amount of the preparation) must be strictly observed. In order to grow healthy poultry, it is also necessary to regularly add vitamin B to the drink. The intake of minerals must precede each feeding.
Many novice poultry farmers quite often make a very common mistake. Trying to feed broilers on wet mash only. However, for broilers at the age of 3 weeks, some fish oil, vegetables and grains are also needed. Their growth and development depend on it.
Remember the rule! Be sure to give the chickens potatoes and carrots in boiled form. However, it is unacceptable to serve potatoes to birds as a separate dish.
In 2-3 weeks, the chicks are already fully prepared to give boiled potatoes, ground with porridge and carrots. There you can add a little bread flesh.
The diet of 3 weeks brood is a period of greenery for broilers. Her birds can be consumed before slaughter in any form. Popular nettle, dandelion leaves, alfalfa. They provoke good growth in birds. Do not forget also about dairy products. Not the last role in feeding the chickens plays and feed finish.
Feeding Broiler Chicken on Day 20 of Life
So what kind of diet should birds have at 20 weeks? What besides finishing feed can they be fed? At this age, chickens can be fed buckwheat grain, crushed bran will also fit.
Remember that fresh vegetables should be present in the feathered menu. Is it possible for broilers to give sunflower cake? - Of course, even necessary! It is as necessary as giving soybeans for broilers.
It doesn’t matter if you feed broiler with boiled potatoes and porridge or you feed them with vegetables. In any case, the feeders and drinkers of animals must be clean. Do not forget to change the water for birds in time, and also make sure that dirt and foreign objects do not get into the food container. If you give yeast - check them from time to time for deterioration.
Most farmers are wondering whether it is possible to feed broiler chickens with sand as a mineral supplement to the main food. There is a case when one farmer gave brood of river sand, as a result of which several birds died. Indeed, small dry mash can only harm the chicks.
Ensure that the bird does not eat either sand or earth. Minerals and vitamins your brood is enough if he eats buckwheat, feasts nettle and soy.
Feeding regime for chickens must necessarily include something related to soy protein. Every day, birds should receive shells, chalk, egg shells. If the brood lacks vitamins, the veterinarian will tell you in what quantities and how to give fish oil to chickens to broilers.
Despite the fact that chickens eat almost everything given to them, it is not necessary to feed broilers everything. It is also not recommended to sharply transfer the brood to other food. It is desirable that from the first days of life and until slaughter chickens ate the most equally and balanced.
It is also not necessary to feed the farm with feed alone. If you are new to farming and are not sure how much feed birds of different ages need, you need to sort out this issue in detail. As a rule, broiler chickens contain for the subsequent slaughter and sale of meat.
At the same time, every farmer tries to save costs. However, this must be done wisely. Consider that a balanced diet directly affects the growth and development of poultry.
Those who are going to be engaged in breeding broiler chickens you should know some features of growing such a bird. Broiler chickens have a high growth rate, so after 2 months their weight reaches 1.5-1.8 kg. Chickens of egg breeds of this weight reach only by 5-7 months. Such a high growth rate requires a special feeding ration and appropriate poultry housing.
In order for the chickens to quickly gain weight and grow healthy, you need to choose the appropriate feed for broilers. The poultry farmer, in addition to feed, should know the features of feeding in the first days and weeks of bird life.
The greatest attention should be paid to broiler chickens in the first two weeks of life. Chickens should be fed for the first time 12-18 hours after hatching. Delay in feeding leads to increased waste. In broilers aged 1-5 days, the digestive system is still poorly functioning, so they need easily digestible food. Already on the first day of life, in addition to a steep egg, offer finely chopped wheat, millet (but not millet), milk, and clabber to chickens. You can add fresh cottage cheese to the feed mixture. It is well digested and the chicks eagerly eat it.
From the very first day greens (nettle, clover, lettuce, onion feather) should be included in the diet of chickens. It is necessary to drip fish oil or an oily solution of vitamin D3 at the rate of one drop per five chickens per day. Starting from the 5th day, enter vitamins A and E into the feed. These vitamins are necessary for the active development of chickens. The introduction of a complex of vitamins will avoid the disease rickets, lameness, swelling of the joints.
For bone development, broilers should be given an increased mineral nutrition. In the feeders should be crushed calcined shell, burned crushed bones and egg shells. To enhance the motor activity of the muscular stomach and increase the digestibility of feed, chicks need gravel (particles of 2-5 mm). On 100 heads once a week, put 0.4-0.5 kg of gravel.
To prevent gastric disorders, broilers drink a weak solution of potassium permanganate 3 times a week. The solution must be prepared fresh each time. Starting at the age of 20 days, you can add wet bread, mashed boiled potatoes, ground wheat, and barley to food. In the first week of life, chickens should be fed 8 times, the second - 6, and the third - 4 times. From one month of age they give food 2-3 times a day. Water in drinkers for poultry should always be fresh, clean and slightly warm. Try to keep the troughs and feeders well lit. Clean the drinking bowls and feeders daily, and disinfect them once a week with 3% formalin solution or rinse with hot water and soda ash.
In chickens, thermoregulation is normalized only by two weeks of age, so it is necessary to prevent overcooling. In the first days of life, they need a temperature in the room of 30 degrees, at the age of 28 weeks, and in the month of age - 20 degrees. For the first two weeks they need around-the-clock coverage, and later (in the summer period) there is enough natural lighting. Too bright light is often caused by chuckling. However, the peck is possible for other reasons: lack of protein in the diet, lack of gravel, compacted fit, wet bedding.
In the case of a bite within 3-5 days, water the chickens with acidified water (with citric acid added to the water), reduce the illumination, deposit the chickens into a separate room, treat their wounds with green paint. The density of planting chickens broilers:
- first week of life - 60 goals per 1 square meter,
- second and third - 36 goals per 1 square meter,
- the fourth - 30 goals per 1 square. m,
- from the fifth week to the end of cultivation - no more than 20 heads per square meter.
In the process of growing broiler chickens they often have gastric disorders. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the purity of the feeders and drinkers, the quality and freshness of feed and drinking water. As noted above, it is necessary to evaporate a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate within 3-5 days, and add a well-pounded antibiotic powder to a small amount of feed. With good organization, even in a small summer cottage in the summer, you can grow two batches of broilers without cost (May-June, July-August), providing your family with dietary meat.
How to give fish oil to chickens and chickens
Far from every farmer knows that fish oil for laying hens is the best supplement that increases egg production. How to give fish oil to chickens and improve their chickens' health should be found out to every farmer who cares for birds in his own yard.
Fish oil for chickens and chickens
Useful vitamin supplement will strengthen the immunity of layers and young animals, if you dose the drug and monitor the well-being of cruise. How to give fish oil to feathery?
How to make the correct norms of food consumption chickens
However, it must be borne in mind that with gastrointestinal diseases involving diarrhea, oral administration
drug has low therapeutic efficacy.
Obviously, with diarrhea, vitamin A is absorbed in small quantities or in case of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, it is more susceptible to destruction. Piglets - suckers, patients with dyspepsia, vitaminized fish oil should be prescribed in the form of a suspension with cow's milk, which is added to a certain dose of the drug in the amount of 5-7ml. Some researchers believe that cow's milk contains a number of antioxidases that protect vitamin A from the destructive effect of oxidases contained in the gastrointestinal canal.
In the normal functional state of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular in piglets - suckers and chickens, administration of fish oil orally prohibits gastrointestinal diseases and favorably affects the growth and development of animals.
Intramuscularly: cattle 10-15 ml, sheep and pigs 3-5 ml, piglets - suckers 1-2 ml, milkers calves 5-10 ml,
inside: for chickens 0.3 - 0.5 ml, for chickens 1-2 ml.
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Home »Onion» Growing turkey poults at home video
How to care for turkey poults and how to feed them
Video about how to care for turkey poults
The first time the chicks offer food after 12-15 hours after they hatched. Previously, it does not make sense to do this, as they are still weak and not sufficiently dried.
But the delay can lead to the fact that the poults begin to peck on the stale bedding, so it is important to know how to care for the poults from the first day. Feeding small chicks without a hen begins with learning to peck off the feed yourself. Lightly tapping on the feeder usually attracts poults immediately, and they will try to pick up a distinctively colored feed with their beaks.
The fuzzy eyesight of the kids gives off bright blotches, therefore sprinkling the main feed with grains of cottage cheese, pounded yolk or finely chopped grass, you significantly speed up the learning process. When accustomed to drinking, lower the beak of each turkey in the water and wait until it swallows the portion that has fallen.
Usually it is enough a couple of days for all the chicks to learn to eat and drink on their own. What is the best choice for feeding poults? Как обеспечить их полноценным питанием и необходимым количеством витаминов и микроэлементов?Практичнее всего в качестве корма для малышей использовать тот же комбикорм, что и для кормления цыплят и выводков другой домашней птицы.
Подходящие размеры гранул, сбалансированный состав и удобство дозирования готового продукта существенно облегчают уход за молодняком, которые и так требует много внимания.
But if it is not possible to purchase suitable feed, you can try to cook it, and you need to take into account that the needs of the poults change depending on their age. To prepare food, take a mixture of grain flour, where the main part of me is nutritious corn.
In wet bags for small turkeys add milk (fresh, reverse or yogurt), ground bones, fish oil, crushed or small grains of cereal, as well as cottage cheese, eggs and fresh greens. Important! Mineral supplements in the form of chalk, gravel or shells for grown up turkeys are more convenient to leave in a separate dish. Especially white brothy breasts need special care for their poults and their cultivation requires additional microelements.
Approximate composition of ration for turkey poults for up to two weeks:feed - from 7 days old from 2 to 14 g in proportion to age,feed mixture - from the second day onwards from 1 to 12 g,wheat bran - in the period from 2 to 6 days of age 3-4 g,boiled eggs - added to the feed from the first day, at the rate of 1 egg per 10 turkey poults,millet - from 0, 5 to 3.5 g gradually increasing the dose every day,low-fat cottage cheese - from the second day of life starting from 0.5 g and bringing to 6 g per day.baker's yeast and fish oil - mandatory components from 5 days of age, from 0, 05 to 0.1 g each,reverse (for wet mash) - from the 3rd day of life, gradually increasing the dose from 1 to 16 g.The approximate composition of the diet for 14-60-day turkey poults:feed - from 14 to 130 g in proportion to age,feed mixture - from two weeks of age 12g, gradually reducing to the 20th day of life,cottage cheese - from 7 g per day, gradually reducing to 2 g, sYelen - from the 20th day of life -10 g, gradually bringing to 20g,shell rock and bone meal - from 3.5 to 6.5 g,fish fat - continue to give 0.1 g for eachbaker's yeast - give 0.1 g to the 20th day of life,boiled eggs - in the same quantity as before (1 pcs. per 10 chicks),reverse (for wet mash) - from 18 to 25 g, ending at the age of 20 days. It is very useful to add fresh grass to the feed - clover, yarrow, dandelion and others.
For the prevention of a variety of diseases, it is especially important to feed turkeys with finely chopped green onions, young nettles and wormwood. Drinking water for birds of any age should always be available.
Small, newly hatched chicks are given to drink water heated to 24-26 degrees, and starting from the age of one day, the water temperature will correspond to the ambient air temperature. It is necessary to wash the drinker every day or several times a day and fill it with fresh water.
Walking turkeys and grazing turkey
Walking is also caring for turkey poults! Walking outdoors, improving the effects of sunlight and the ability to diversify your diet is useful for any poultry.
For the growth and development of large turkeys, it is especially important to be able to obtain additional nutrients in the form of succulent green grass and caught insects and worms. When can chicks be released into the yard without putting them at risk? If your turkeys grow up under the supervision of their mother turkeys, then they can be released for walking until they reach two weeks of age, of course, subject to warm, dry weather with air temperatures above 20 degrees.
Without chickens, turkey poults do not feel protected in the open air, therefore, depending on the weather conditions, wait until the babies are sufficiently strong and gain weight. Usually, by 9 weeks, it is already possible not to worry about the health of the young, even in wet and changeable weather. Having appeared in the open for the first time, turkey poults immediately rush into the net.
Because it is important to gradually accustom them to an open place, each day expanding the area of fences. So kids can more easily adapt to changing ambient temperature, natural light and changing the microclimate of the place where they are kept. Plots for walking young stock are dry and protected from the penetration of predators.
Before you release the chick, carefully study the vegetation on the walking weather to avoid eating turkeys with poisonous or harmful greenery. At the place of walking turkeys it is necessary to build a small wooden floor with a shed.
It will be both a shaded area and a dry place to hide from the rain. When the weather is good, the poults are left in the fresh air for the longest time, arranging a place for feeding in the shade and placing the drinkers with fresh water. Now you know how to properly care for the poults, it remains to wish you success and a healthy livestock!
Share: Home> Farm Frenzy> Farm content> How to grow healthy turkey poults without livestock losses Related articles Turkey meat is healthy and tasty, so many people practice turkey breedingand some build their business on it.
On the one hand, it seems that the care and breeding of turkeys is a more complex process than keeping the same chickens. But on the other hand, if you do not have the necessary information, then it is difficult to grow potatoes, and if you know all the nuances of breeding turkeys at home, then everything is much simpler.
Each turkey must be allocated about 1 square meter of floor and at least 50 cm perch. At the same time, the perch itself should be placed at a height of approximately 70 cm from the floor. Laying on the floor must be dry. Sand baths are also required.
The premises for young stock should be bright and dry. The walking area should be fenced in with a net. In the first 20 days after birth, the poults must be kept in cages. A good option is a cage covered with foil, with free access to the feeder and drinker.
During the season, turkeys lay eggs in the range from 60 to 80. First, the turkey knocks about 4 eggs, then follows a few days break, then begins to nest again. Gradually, the breaks between egg-laying cycles increase.
Additional lighting can have a positive effect on productivity. A special feature of breeding and keeping turkeys is that females, after laying dozens of eggs, can begin to clog. To resume egg laying, torn-up turkeys are driven from the nest and placed in a cooler place, where the males are also placed. The hens are placed on eggs from March to June, up to 20 eggs are placed in the clutch.
If you decide to breed turkeys at home, you should know which feed useful for such a bird:
Particular difficulties arise with feeding turkey poults: they prepare special mixtures of finely chopped herbs (nettle, thyme, burdock) and wheat bran, barley flour, sour milk. They also give a steeply cooked cereal porridge, in which you can add greens, finely grated carrots.
In the first day of life turkey poults feeding frequency - once per 3 hours, gradually the number decreases and by the age of 2 months it comes down to 4 times a day. It doesn't matter if you decided to breed broiler turkeys solely for meat, or breeding turkeys for their further resale, you need to take the matter seriously, having studied all the necessary information. We talked about only a few nuances.
In order to learn "everything", you will have to get acquainted with the special literature devoted exclusively to breeding turkeys, it is advisable to consult with those who have been engaged in such poultry farming for a long time. But, of course, you will have to learn from your own mistakes made in practice. Also read about turkey diseases.
The economic rationale for breeding turkeys for meat and growing turkey poults
Before starting any business, it is necessary to clearly understand all the advantages and natural disadvantages, not an exception to the business of growing turkeys and turkeys at home.What you need for turkey business:
- First, turkeys need freedom.
It should be clearly understood that the cultivation of this bird is impossible in a small, confined space. At least one adult bird should account for 2-2.5 squares of the aviary.
I agree that there are intensive forms of production, where the landing of the bird is much more dense, but the denser the landing, the higher the costs of veterinary medicine, plus the use of antibiotics. Or the bird will simply "fall."
- The second is pasture availability.
Feeding poultry is an integral part of the cost of the finished product, the main advantage of home breeding turkeys over intensive is not only quality and “cleanliness”, but also the ability to reduce maintenance costs through green natural feed.
We are talking about the banal "grazing" of the livestock of the bird on green pastures.
Thus, it will be possible to “lose two birds with one stone”, on the one hand we get high-quality meat, we reduce feed intake. From the point of view of economic efficiency and profitability, I would place this business idea between breeding pheasants and rabbits. On the one hand, pheasants are beautiful plus expensive, on the other hand they require a lot of space.
A rabbit breeding gives a great effect per square meter, but it is very picky about the conditions of detention, plus they are subject to diseases. Turkeys require a lot of space, but they do not need enclosures, while after a month of age they are quite resistant to diseases.
Why precisely pheasants, rabbits, turkeys are compared? Everything is quite simple, in the diet of all three most of the green food occupy. By the way, this explains the dietary features of meat.
And green fodder can be attributed to conditionally free fodder in a village setting. By and large, to collect it will require only their own time.
This fact from my point of view makes growing turkeys an excellent business for a village with a minimum starting capital. There is one more important factor, natural breeding. Unlike most other domestic birds, turkeys are excellent parents (in the overwhelming mass), which makes it possible at first to independently produce turkeys.
I can say even more, eggs hatch well not only turkeys, but also turkeys. Males even more stable incubate on the nests than females.
So at the first stage, you can safely do without an incubator. Perhaps the most important thing is the quality and popularity of turkey meat. In the ranking of the most popular types of meat, turkey was placed on the 4th place, passing ahead only pork, chicken and beef, and among the birds it takes a stable second place.
Stable demand is always a big plus, especially given the popularity of products.
Breeding conditions for turkeys, keeping males and females
Turkeys are a gregarious bird, contained in large groups, several main forms of content can be distinguished.Mixed growing - with this form, the main one is formed from one turkey + 6-8 turkeys.
Each of the turkeys incubating their offspring returns with the turkey poults to the common herd. Thus, a herd of different age is formed.
- - elders guard turkey poults and young stock, - from an early age, they can be allowed into free range, - minimization of expenses for a room.
- - possible loss of poultry due to fights, - it is necessary to control the mating period (the leading turkey can simply crush the young turkey)
Age content - form the breeding stock, families 1 turkey + 6-8 turkeys. Juveniles are grown by one group from hatching to slaughter or brood stock formation.
Turkey poultry care
The maintenance in their farm of these breeds of birds and their care lies in the proper feeding, systematic cleaning, inspection of birds and monitoring the dynamics of their growth. The condition and mood of the little turkey poults must be constantly monitored, and in the event of the appearance of weak individuals, they should be upset in a separate room and give the best additional food.
When signs of the onset of the disease appear, chicks are also removed from the common herd and produce an additional regenerative feeding process. Feeding the poults produce high-grade and nutritious foods that contain low-fat cottage cheese, boiled eggs, uncooked fish, dairy products and fresh juicy greens. As the chicks need to be supplemented with mineral feeds. When keeping poults in the room, it is necessary to install a container with sand and shells.
You also need to provide unhindered access to warm water. In the first days of life they need a fever and an attentive attitude.
Caring for this breed of birds includes full and vitaminized feeding age appropriate birds. Male individuals should be given food enriched with animal proteins, and turkeys along with food should be supplied with many useful vitamin supplements.
Taste characteristics and properties of their meat, productivity and health depend on the correct content and quality of the birds' feed. Turkeys have a high instinct of hatching their eggs from other types of birds kept in their household plots. But in the conditions of domestic breeding, this quality is very disturbing, since it reduces their productivity, leads to a decrease in individual appetite and loss of body weight. To prevent possible trouble and reduce this instinct, it is recommended to set a lower temperature in the room, direct bright light to the birds, sit down to the females of the active male and walk them.
Growing broiler turkeys
Broiler turkeys (also read “Growing Broiler Steps”) are young chicks raised by a unique specialized technique. Due to the special nutrition with a high content of fiber and attentive care, the meat of such birds acquires a juicy taste and softness. For high-grade cultivation and quick weight gain, broilers are fed with special mineral and high vitamin feeds.
In the first week of life, they are fed up to nine times a day, until they reach adulthood, six times. Young chicks during rearing protect from hypothermia and drafts, set the temperature of the air in the room and install a good ventilation system. Indyuk is the largest poultry.
When fattening, turkeys reach a body weight of 9–11 kg, turkeys - 17–25 kg. Turkey meat is high in protein and low in fat and cholesterol. For its dietary quality, it is very useful for children and the elderly.
At home, the same premises are suitable for keeping turkeys as for chickens. On 4 - 5 hens install one nest. Nests make bunk (batteries of 2 - 8 slots) and set in the darkest places. The size of the socket is 50x70 cm, height - 60 cm.
At the entrance to the nest erected poroshek so that turkeys can comfortably enter. At the age of 120 - 140 days, turkeys are selected for the tribe. And the time of the first egg laying comes at the age of 180 - 200 days. For receiving fertilized eggs, in a herd of 8 - 10 turkeys leave one male.
The onset of egg-laying stimulates the duration of daylight: when it reaches 12-13 hours, turkeys begin to be born.
Having laid 10 to 12 eggs, the turkeys begin to bubble. Turkeys can be planted for incubation in March and April. Of all types of poultry, turkeys are the most assiduous.
Not only turkey poults can be bred under them, but also young stock of all other species. The hind pens are kept separately from other birds, because for the first week of life they are defenseless against various infectious diseases. The room should be warm, the temperature around the heat source for the first 7 days should not fall below plus 32 - 34 degrees, and in the room itself - below 28 degrees.
Every week, you can reduce it by 2 - 3 degrees, at a monthly age the temperature in the house can be about 20 degrees, and two-month turkeys can easily do without heating. At home, you can use a large box with high sides of corrugated paper and a 60-watt bulb for growing turkey poults. . In the first weeks of turkey poults they see very poorly, therefore the water bottle and the feeder are put in a well-lit place and bright greens and grated carrots are added to the feed.
The easiest way is to feed the poults with special mixes. If this is not possible, then the first meal of the turkey is a hard-boiled egg, cottage cheese, millet, a mixture of crushed cereals, rolled oats.
In the first days, eggs predominate in the feed, and cereals make up only one fifth of the mixture, then gradually the proportion of croup is enlarged. I usually use an egg cooked in steep and mixed feed for chickens PK-2 in the first days. Compound feed and water should always be available for turkey poults. Babies can not figure out the same way as using a drinker, therefore, it may be necessary to dip the beak of each nestling in a drinker.
It is better to choose such a construction of drinkers, which will not give kids the opportunity to climb there entirely - they can get sick. Water should be clean and fresh. Whole grain appears in the diet at the age of one and a half months.
But the greens can be given from the second day in finely chopped form daily. At two weeks of age, babies can be offered boiled potatoes.
And, of course, we should not forget about the special vitamins that birds give from the first day of life. Mix meat and bone meal, fish bone meal, chalk, fish oil, Ryabushka premix or similar with eggs or other food. Composition: • vitamins: A, D3, E , B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B12, K, H) - vital for the body • trace elements (iron, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt, iodine, selenium) - are included in and activate the action of enzymes, hormones, are involved in all types of metabolic processes of the body • macronutrients (calcium, phosphorus) - to strengthen bones and strength shells • essential amino acids (lysine, methionine) - to increase the growth rate of chickens and the productivity of adult birds by 3-5%. Clean room, water and food, play a very important role in breeding turkey poultry. Laying in the first week is better to make from sand, and then you can switch to traditional straw or sawdust. For more disinfection straw can be predate with boiling water.
They change litter as needed, but not less than once a week. You should not use paper it is slippery and paws can spread around poults.
When moving the paws of the poults to tie them with a soft woolen thread, in a few days the paws will get stronger and you can remove the thread. If you plan to grow turkeys in the barn, you need to arrange a roost.
Healthy feed for chickens
It is also carried out in several stages as the bird grows.
They teach the poults to roost from the twentieth day of life, for this they organize perches at a height of 10-15 centimeters from the floor. Perch length is calculated from the ratio of 10 centimeters per turkey.
In the future, the perch increases both in length and height at a distance of a meter from the floor. Starting poults for a walk, start with two weeks. First for half an hour, then longer. From the ninth week of turkey poults can already spend the whole day on the street.
BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF FISH FAT.
Veterinary fat from fish and marine mammals contains easily digestible fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins. When used correctly, the physiological needs of animals and birds in fat and vitamins A and D are provided, their growth and development of young animals is accelerated, reduces the risk of cancer and heart diseases, improves immunity to infectious diseases, improves hair and skin, regulates the exchange of calcium and phosphorus in the body It is necessary for the formation of bone tissue.
Veterinary fat from fish and marine mammals is used for the prevention of hypo-and avitaminosis, A and D in animals and birds, as well as for balancing their diets for fats and vitamins A and D and as a fortifying agent.
Is it possible to give fish oil to laying hens
It is also naznayut locally for the acceleration and healing of wounds, treatment of thermal and chemical burns of the skin and mucous membranes.
For prophylactic purposes, the drug is used, according to indications, for agricultural animals individually orally or in groups as a mixture with feed.
DOSES AND METHODS OF APPLICATION
Fish oil is given orally, directly or mixed with food daily for 2-3 months. For therapeutic purposes, the dose can be increased by 3 times.
Fish oil is given to dogs in the following doses: