Bow Sevka is the name of the planting material of the common onion, not its variety. Onions are known to people for their beneficial and healing properties, for a long time our ancestors grew it on their lands, believed in its magical properties and treated them for diseases.
Nowadays, onion is an indispensable product in cooking, and the ability to grow it yourself is happiness for the gardener. It is important to properly plant sevok and care for him, knowing some subtleties.
Hercules (aka Gulliver or Hercules)
Heracles (Gulliver) is a very prolific onion variety (up to 7 kg can be harvested from 1 square meter). By long selection, this onion variety was bred from the usual Dutch onion. With proper care, it has a long shelf life, fast maturation and resistant to pests.
Snowball, or Snowball, is a white variety that has a not too sharp taste and is used for making salads. The characteristic of the fruit is as follows: white pulp, which is grown everywhere, because the grade is unpretentious to temperature condition. You can keep the fruit until spring.
Another unpretentious climatic variety of onion sets. You can grow it in both arid and humid climatic zones. Everywhere, Strigunovsky is eaten raw and added to various dishes in the cooking process.
Large bulbs need fertile soils. The shelf life of the Turbo variety is approximately 6-8 months. Most often used for cooking some dishes, raw and greens because of the sharp taste is rarely used. Digging bulbs advise after complete drying of the "tail".
Troy is an early ripe, semi-sharp (but not sharp) variety. Its yield is up to 5 kg per 1 sq. M. m. Diseases characteristic of onion crops, not susceptible.
Helenas refers to the medium. It has a white-green flesh and is often eaten raw. Disadvantages: instability to temperature differences and a short shelf life (up to six months).
Senshuy - frost-resistant (up to -15 ° C) variety obtained by the Japanese during breeding. It is consumed and preserved. It has an early maturation and a long shelf life.
Elan refers to the early. When cutting does not cause tears, it is therefore widely used in cooking and allowed for use by people with problems of the gastrointestinal tract.
Setton - one of the most popular varieties, resistant to rifle. It has a sharp taste, early ripening, long storage time (up to 7 months). Suitable for both professional and amateur cultivation of seedlings.
Rumba is characterized by medium ripening time, an acutate taste and white flesh enclosed in yellow-brown scales. Low yields (from 3.5 to 5 kg per 1 sq. M) do not allow it to be made in winter, but for the pen it is the best choice.
Shakespeare is an early winter variety of onions. White pulp has a semi-sharp taste. Vegetable resistant to diseases and pests, and also tolerates low temperatures (up to -18 ° C). Demand because possesses large heads and good qualities.
Stone has a sweet taste. Long storage periods, unpretentiousness to climatic conditions and resistance to bolting make Gladstone an indispensable grade among competitors. It can be sown in early spring and in the middle of summer.
Corado ripens early, the type of planting crop - tape. The scales are thick, and the flesh is white. The bulb is flat-rounded, sometimes slightly elongated upwards. This variety has long shelf life, up to the new crop. Vegetable is distinguished by the average weight of the bulbs and frost resistance, the ability to transplant for seeds, and the pest does not eat it either.
Rossana, also known as Rosanna, is a long-lived, but not frost-resistant variety. His scales are red with yellow blotches, the flesh is thick and sweet. This vegetable has a high resistance to bolting, pests and onion diseases.
Shatane, or Shatana, are characterized by average ripening and fecundity (up to 5 kg), as well as low frost resistance and resistance to bolting and various pests and diseases. It has a round shape, golden scales and juicy flesh of white color.
Lyubchik has an elongated oval-shaped bulb. Also, it is characterized by excellent quality (up to 7-8 months) and excellent taste. Bulbs used in cooking and preservation.
Electrician - mid-season variety of red onions. It has a sweet, twisted flavor and is used mainly in salads. Suitable for growing in the cold period and tolerates frost well.
Radar is a mid-ripening winter variety, has high cold resistance and dense external and internal scales. The latter provides long shelf life (7-8 months, which is uncharacteristic for winter crops).
The globe has an average yield and ripening period, a rounded, slightly oval (why the name) shape and very long storage periods. The vegetable scales are golden yellow, and the flesh is considered white, although it has a yellowish tinge.
Vetraz can be stored for a long time (up to 10 months), the pulp of the product is juicy and white, and the scales outside are yellow-golden in color. The characteristic notes low frost resistance, but excellent resistance to diseases and pests. The taste is not very pronounced, pleasant, and the pen and the fruit are used for culinary purposes. With Vetraz you can do frying, salting, and freezing.
Early and sharp, spring variety Corrado. The color of the scales of its fruit is pink, reddish. Resistant to diseases and pests, which allows you to choose it as a variety for agricultural business. The high yield allows you to make a reserve of seeds and leave the fruit reserve in the winter.
Turnip - the most popular variety for disembarkation. From it you can get a sufficiently large amount of the crop, if you know how to grow green onions. A turnip is used both in cooking and in conservation.
Planting and sowing
For a better harvest, it is recommended to grow onion sets yourself from seed (seeder). First you need to choose the right place for sowing "Chernushki". The most favorable are considered to be beds where before that potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers or cabbages grew. It is these predecessors that save different types of onions from avitaminosis.
- In order to reduce the risk of damage to the crop by pests, it is not necessary to plant it in the same place for several years. Earth needs rest.
- A place for sowing seedlings should be selected on the sunny side, where the beds will receive a sufficient amount of light. The land at the landing site must be fertile, otherwise the feather will sprout weakly.
- The soil must be properly prepared before planting: clean from weeds and dig. Before that, during the fall, the soil should be fertilized with potash and phosphate fertilizers, compost and rotted manure. Fresh manure is absolutely not recommended to use, because when it is used as a fertilizer in the second half of the growth of the plant, the growth of feathers and not of the bulbs increases. If the soil that was selected for planting has a high acidity, it must be treated with lime.
- The right time for planting is at the end of April and the first days of March.
- After the cold has subsided, the seeds should be prepared for planting. To do this, they should be soaked for a day (24 hours) or until the first shoots appear in a damp cloth or water. It promotes better germination. After soaking the seeds should be dried in a shady place. Finally, seed treatment with anti-disease and pest agents (neck rot and onion fly) must be present.
- In the excavated ground make shallow grooves (up to 2 cm), pour them with water. It is important to observe the correct distance between rows of seeds (from 8 to 13 cm). Seeds should be placed at a distance of 5 mm to 2 cm.
- It is necessary to properly care for the crop: fertilize it and water it in the first half of growth. If the soil where the crop was planted is fertile, additional feeding is not required. One month before harvesting, watering must stop.
- After harvesting, it is important to sort the bulbs by size (sorting is an important process) and hang them in a nylon in a warm (18 to 22 ° C) and dry place.
Cultivation of onions from sevka does not require special skills, all within the limits of primitive knowledge about the vegetable garden. Next season, the already prepared planting material must be planted in the ground. You can bypass the first stage and buy ready-made onion sets, but the self-preparation of planting material is always much better and gives a greater yield in the end.
Already finished onion sets (planter) are sown in spring or autumn. The stages of planting and caring for plants are not too different from the caring for sowing described above.
Characterization and description of the Corrado F1 onion, growing and care
Onions are not only spring, but also winter, that is, it can be planted by planting before winter. This gives certain advantages, so some gardeners are trying to plant just such varieties. Onion Corrado F1 refers just to winter varieties. Find out what he is so attractive to gardeners, and how to grow it.
Characteristics and description of the hybrid
The Corrado Bow is a new hybrid bred by the Dutch firm NICKERSON ZWAAN B.V. It is included in the State Register of Russia in 2015. It is allowed for cultivation on the territory of 6 regions: Central Black Earth, East Siberian, North Caucasus, Far Eastern, West Siberian and Nizhnevolzhsky. This hybrid belongs to mid-season. The manufacturer recommends the cultivation of onion seedlings Corrado F1 in a 2-year culture.
According to the originator description, this hybrid has the following characteristics:
- powerful plant, with large, developed leaves with a waxy coating,
- heads aligned, large, standard round shape, dvukhchatatkovye,
- integumentary scales in the amount of 3 pcs. golden brown with a grayish tinge,
- juicy white scales with a greenish tinge,
- taste is pleasant, semi-sharp,
- the bulb neck is thin or medium thickness.
The yield of the Corrado hybrid is 2.3–3.3 (maximum 6) kg per m2 with a mass of 1 head 90-110 g (maximum 190 g). The maturity of the hybrid bulbs before harvesting is 78%, after ripening, 96%.
Bulbs collected from the beds can be cut into salads along with other vegetables, added to all sorts of dishes, dried, frozen, in general, used just like onions from other mid-season varieties. This hybrid has a good keeping quality, preservation of the presentation and taste, so the crop can be put on long storage.
Advantages and disadvantages
The new hybrid Corrado onion has its own advantages, thanks to which it can appeal to many vegetable growers:
- can be planted both in autumn and spring,
- resistant to bolting,
- different relative early ripeness
- forms large heads,
- has a good yield,
- excellent maturation of the bulbs placed on the top,
- suitable for lovers of the peninsula.
- suitable for storage.
This new Dutch hybrid has no disadvantages, besides the fact that it needs to be grown from seedlings, which, by the way, is not that cheap. But the high cost of seed material is characteristic of many new varieties of crops, so it cannot be considered a minus of this particular hybrid.
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care
For the cultivation of Corrado F1 onions are suitable light, loose, fertile soil: sandy loam or loam. Garden beds are prepared in the fall. They choose areas of the vegetable garden that are well lit by the sun, on which cucumbers, early potatoes and cabbage, zucchini and pumpkins grew. Tomatoes, beans and greens are also good predecessors of onions.
Under the digging of the soil, per 1 m2 of 5-8 kg of rotten compost or humus 2 cups of ash. When using mineral fertilizers, 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfate are added instead of the last component. Liming is not carried out. If necessary, such a procedure, it is performed a year before planting, that is, under the predecessor culture.
Planting sevka spend the winter. Depending on the region, it may be October or November, when the temperature drops to + 5 ° C. By the time such works coincide with the planting of winter garlic. Onions are planted sevor Corrado according to the scheme: 5-10 cm between sevka in a row and 20 cm row spacing.
Planting material is pre-inspected. Only completely healthy bulbs are selected, with no visible traces of diseases and mechanical damage. They should not have germinated roots and feathers. Sevok not soaked and not stimulated to grow. When podzimny planting it can lead to the death of the bulbs. Purchased from a reliable manufacturer, sevok has already been treated with fungicides, so there is also no point in dressing.
To the bulbs well survived the winter, they are planted, deepening into the ground 4-6 cm above the root of the necks. Furrows are covered with peat or fertile soil. Garden beds must be mulched. In winter, besides this, a thick layer of snow, which is thrown over the beds, helps to protect the landing from freezing.
The subwinter planting is an opportunity to harvest the Corrado F1 onion earlier than during spring planting. At the same time commodity heads are distinguished by excellent keeping quality, richness and delicate taste.
Planting Corrado sevok possible in the spring. Planting material for a few days before that is heated by radiators, optionally soaked in growth stimulants. Work is started at a temperature of at least 12 ° C so that the plants do not go to the arrow.
If the beds were not prepared in the fall, complex fertilizers, in particular, Nitrophoska - 60 g per m2, are made under the onions in the spring. In addition, 20 g of urea is added to the filled soil, 1/3 doses of autumn phosphate-potassium preparations. Sevok planted in the same way as before the winter. The difference is that now a layer of soil 2-3 cm is left above the neck of the bulbs.
Further care to get turnip onions Corrado consists of standard operations. Landings need watering, loosening between rows, weeding. Irrigation is carried out 1-2 times a week, but, the mode of irrigation may vary somewhat depending on the growing region and weather conditions. In hot, dry weather and on light sandy soils, onions are often watered with large norms. Completely stop irrigating planting 2-3 weeks before the turnip collection.
Feed the onions Corrado 3 times per season. The first time using mainly nitrogen fertilizers. They are most needed by plants at this stage to increase green mass. Fertilize the beds 2 weeks after the germination of the sev.
Apply the following compositions, dissolving fertilizer in a bucket of water:
- 1 tbsp. l urea + 1 glass of slurry,
- 1 tbsp. l urea + 2 tbsp. l "Vegata."
The next feeding is carried out in another 3-4 weeks. Apply:
- 2 tbsp. l nitrofoski,
- 20 ml "Agricola-2" per 1 liter of water or 20 g of the drug in granules per bucket,
- 10-15 g of Crystalon.
For the third feeding, the following fertilizers are used during the onset of bulb formation:
- 1 cup of ash
- 10 g of potassium sulfate + 20 g of superphosphate.
Fertilizers are also dissolved in a bucket of water. Each of their introduction combined with watering plants.
Harvest about 3 months after seed germination. Bow podzimney planting matures by 2-3 weeks faster than what was planted in the spring. Dig it in dry weather when they turn yellow, sink to the ground or leaves dry. The plants, along with the tops, are left on the garden to dry, and then cut 4-6 cm above the neck. If the weather does not allow this, transfer the crop to the sheds, to sheds, to attics and do-over there. Onions are stored after collecting in a ventilated room at a temperature of 2-3 ° C or 16-18 ° C, humidity up to 80%.
How to plant onion sets
Sevok is a small onion, obtained as a result of seed germination. They are the most resistant to pests, and also have a rapid growth. In order to get a good harvest and not be disappointed in it, you should consider some rules of planting and caring for them.
Planting this vegetable is quite easy, and caring for it does not require special knowledge or skills. It is important to provide him with the desired temperature, humidity and dressing:
- The soil in which the onion will be located should be loose and wet.
- Before planting, be sure to remove all weeds. In the future, you should constantly monitor the cleanliness of the beds.
- Before planting, the bulbs are soaked for 12 hours in warm water. Thus, sevok will germinate much faster.
- The distance between the planting material should be no more than 10 cm, and each row should be at a distance of 20 cm.
- The bulbs are pressed into the soil to a depth of no more than 4 cm.
- The top of the bulb is cut just before planting.
For sowing choose sunny, warm days. It is extremely important that the temperature is not below 15 degrees. The bed is fertilized in advance with the help of mineral and organic fertilizers. This unpretentious vegetable is undemanding to feed, so you can use any available formulations.
The first sales of onion sets start in February, но лучше покупать посадочный материал в апреле, то есть непосредственно перед посадкой.
Выбор места и подготовка почвы
Как говорилось ранее, лук «Коррадо» любит питательную, рыхлую, суглинистую почву и предпочитает расти на возвышенности, в укрытом от ветров месте. Обычно севок высаживают в открытый грунт. Greenhouses are used only when it is necessary to obtain greens during the whole spring and autumn period. If an autumn planting is planned, then the soil must be mulched with foliage, peat and humus, forming an 8–10 cm layer. This will protect the soil from freezing. Weeks 2 weeks before the onset of cold weather, mulch is removed and sowing is planted in the soil. Above the ground again need to mulch. When spring planting, the mulch laid out in autumn is raked, the soil is loosened with a rake and grooves are made. They put onions and cover with a special material.
Approximately 1 month before the intended landing of the crop, planting material needs to be sorted out. It is sorted by size, clean spoiled, dried, injured onions. The finished material undergoes a drying procedure in a warm dry room without drafts. Dried sevok necessary to warm up, so that he did not let the arrows ahead of time. You can warm under the battery or in the sun.
The process of planting seedlings in the ground
The seedling is planted in the beds on which grooves are made in advance. The depth of the furrow should be the size of the set. If the bulb diameter is 1 cm, then the depth of the furrow should be about 4 cm. The grooves should be made at a distance of 20–30 cm one from one. The onion is buried 3–5 cm into the soil. There should be 5–10 cm between the chains.
The first abundant watering should be carried out immediately after planting the culture. Then, approximately within 2 months, it is necessary to moisten crops 1-2 times a week. Watering is better with settled water at room temperature. If a dry season has arrived, the frequency of watering should be increased. Adjust the interval yourself, based on the condition of the soil. Somewhere in the middle of the vegetative period, the frequency of watering is gradually reduced. 2-3 weeks before harvesting, watering is stopped.
Soil loosening and weeding
Loosening the soil is performed during the removal of weeds. And weeds should be removed regularly (once a week), otherwise they will interfere with the normal development of culture. It is not necessary to spud onions while loosening the soil. The procedure should be carried out in the evening or morning time (before the onset of heat) in dry weather.
With proper soil preparation, fertilizing may not be necessary. But if you notice a violation in the growth of culture, the appearance of yellowness on the foliage, then you need to make nutrient mixture in the ground. The easiest way to prepare a mixture of ammonium nitrate (10 g) and potassium salt (15 g) and dissolve it in 1 bucket of water. This will be enough to feed 1 square. m beds. You can also make ash.
Harvesting and storage
The vegetative period of the onion "Corrado" is 93-105 days. After this period of time, counted from shoots, you can harvest. Onion ripening will testify:
- stopping the growth of new leaves,
- dropping foliage on the ground and its gradual dying off (yellowing),
- thinning and softening of onion neck.
Possible problems and recommendations
The main problem of most varieties of onion - rifle - "Corrado" is practically devoid. But he remains different: yellowing of the foliage, the appearance of bitterness, the fading of the greenery, the twisting of the feathers.
- Yellowing of the foliage can occur due to a lack of nutrients in the soil or failure to maintain the plant. It is necessary to feed the culture with a nutrient substrate and normalize the regime of watering, weeding, and loosening.
- There is bitterness in hot dry weather. These conditions provoke the accumulation of glycosides in the bulb, which give bitterness. Therefore, in the dry season, it is necessary to increase the frequency of irrigation and feeding of the crop.
- Greens tarnish with a lack of nitrogen in the soil. To normalize the level of the element in the ground should prepare a solution of urea (10-15 g per 5 liters of water).
- Feathers curl with a lack of potassium. Making up the potassium salt solution (5–7 g per 5 l of water) will help fill the loss of the element.