Vriesia or Frizey is a beautiful and exotic plant. It attracts the eye with its unusual bright red or orange flowers, similar to feathers.
Rich green large leaves complement the unusual decorative appearance of the flower. And although caring for him requires a little more effort than the usual representative of the room flora, the result always justifies the "cost"!
Types and varieties
Vriesia belongs to the Bromeliad family. Under natural conditions it grows in Central and South America. Most species are epiphyte, that is, they attach and grow on other plants. There are terrestrial species.
The frieze has no stem, its rigid smooth leaves are collected in the rosette. The color of the leaves is dark green or light green, they can be striped, marble or spotty.
Some time after flowering the socket dies off, leaving behind a few child shoots.
The flower has the shape of a spike inflorescence, it can be monochrome or multi-color. The inflorescence consists of bracts and flowers. The latter are very small and inconspicuous, white or yellow, fade quickly. All the beauty is in orange or red bracts that last for several months and give the plant a decorative appearance. Frizey blooms mostly in winter, which is especially pleasing in this monotonous pore.
About 250 species of vriezia are known, 150 of them can grow in indoor conditions, and 11 are widespread. The most popular types are:
- Vriesia keeled - small in size, with thin leaves up to 20 cm in length. The shape of the leaves is linear, the color is green, without a pattern. On erect or wilting peduncle are inflorescences with pink or red stipules, which are framed with a yellow or greenish border. Flowers red or yellow,
Vriesia with green leaves
This is a unique and exotic flower. It is unpretentious, but if you expect flowering, it will require attention. Sheets are pure green, but have many shades without patterns and stripes. Even in the period when it does not bloom, it looks proud and captivates with its magnificence.
Vriesia keeled (Vriesea carinata)
The plant has light green and leaves without a pattern, broadly linear, gathered around a funnel-shaped rosette. The length of the leaves of vriezii kelevata reaches 25 cm. During flowering, the peduncle ejects, it can be drooping or straight. The inflorescence is narrow, flat, 5 cm long. Flowering occurs in November or December.
Royal Vriesia (Vriesea regina)
It is a fairly large indoor plant. Experts advise growing it in greenhouses. The leaves are in a rosette, their length is up to 1.2 meters, and the width is up to 18 cm. The flower is huge, it can reach up to two meters in height. Inflorescence resembles a panicle. When the plant blooms, there is a pleasant aroma. The color of the inflorescence varies from white to yellow. Pink bracts in the shape of a boat.
Vriese parrot (Vriesea psittacina)
Leaves oblong light green color. At the end of the sheet is sharp and has a bend downwards.
The flowers are in a loose inflorescence. The cup is yellow, and the corollas are green. The peduncle itself is bright red. Because of this range of colors and got its bright name.
Vriesia with variegated leaves
This is a bright representative of its kind. It charms not only the original buds, but also the overall beauty. It is diverse in its diversity and form. Some flower growers prefer this type even for the sake of flowering, but because of the colorful. The colors and patterns of some representatives resemble the colors of a snake.
Vriesia brilliant or beautiful (Vriesea splendens)
In vriezii shiny leaves a little and they are collected in a rosette of dark green color, their length is up to 80 cm, their width is up to 6 cm. Broadly lined and have stripes that are located across. The color of the stripes is brown-red. The inflorescence in Vriesia spleentia resembles an ear, the peduncle is long and bright red. The flowers are yellow in color, and the bracts are bright red, glossy.
Vriesia Giant (Vriesea gigantea)
This flower in the home almost does not contain. The reason is its gigantic size.
Under cultivation conditions it is more often used in office premises or for window dressing.
Vriesia hieroglyphic (Vriesea hieroglyphica)
It is considered one of the most beautiful representatives of its kind.
The leaves are arcuate, wide. They are located in a funnel outlet. The strips are light green, transversely arranged, and the inflorescence resembles a panicle.
Bracts are greenbacks and flowers are yellow. There are also hybrid species with bracts of red or yellow color.
Vriesia perforated (Vriesea fenestralis)
It is usually grown in warm greenhouses, because the flower is decorative. The sheets are collected in a funnel, they are light green in color with dark green veins. The leaves are 40 cm long and about 6.5 cm wide. The stripes run both across and along. Inflorescences reach up to 50 cm tall and up to 9 cm wide. The flowers are yellow, inflorescences are dark green with brown spots.
Vriesia Sanders (Vriesea saundersii)
Originally from South America. Height up to 40 cm. The stem is hollow and short. The leaves are shiny, leathery, greyish green, funnel bluish tint. The bottom surface is purple. The flowers are bright yellow, tubular. Their circumference is bright yellow. How it blooms depends on the species to which it belongs. Different species bloom at different times. The flower itself looks a bit aggressive, so it is ideal for a strict modern interior. Appreciated by the beautiful, bright flowering. In Western countries, the flower is very much appreciated. Breeders bring all new hybrid varieties that have a very bright color and do not take up much space in the room. Popular is Vriesia Era, which is an excellent ornamental plant and has an unusual bright bloom.
Vriesia Mix is ideal for growing at home - the leaves are bright green, on the peduncle branched inflorescences resembling a bright red bouquet of flowers, and the bracts have many shades, from yellow to red.
Vriesia fine, or "tiger bromeliad"
Vryesia, or Freezee (Lat. Vriesea) - in the genus there are about 250 species of stemless epiphytic, less commonly terrestrial plants from the Bromeliaceae family (Bromeliaceae), growing in Central and South America. In room culture, more than 150 species are known. Some species of vriezii are well-known flowering plants, valued primarily for brightly colored bracts.
The genus "Vriesia" was isolated in 1843 by the English botanist John Lindley (1799-1865) from the genus "Tillandsia" (Tillandsia), and received its name from the name of the Dutch botanist V. de Vriese (nderl. Willem Hendrik de Vriese, 1806-1862 ), a researcher of the flora of Southeast Asia. The name of the genus "Frizey" is considered correct, although in the literature on floriculture the word "Vriesia" is usually used as the Russian name.
The inflorescences of vriezii are bright red, like wax ones, raised above a rosette of slightly bent leaves. Sometimes the leaves are also painted with red stripes or a dark green marble pattern. Unfortunately, after flowering and fruiting, this plant will have to part with this charming rosette, as it will die off along with the inflorescence. In good conditions, domestic vriezia manages to reproduce the daughter rosettes with which it propagates, but young plants will have to live for several more years before the new flowering.
Vriesias can be divided into two groups: forms with green leaves, similar to Guzman, preferring a moist environment, forms with gray-gray leaves, resembling tillandsia (of which they are relatives) and generally prefer drier conditions. The only difference between tillands and vrines is that the latter have a nectar-bearing scale at the base of each petal.
Species of vriezii with green leaves are usually epiphytes, but they can often be found on the rocks, especially large ones with a leaf-holding rosette - a bromeliad reservoir found in Brazil. There, granite cliffs on a vast area are covered with various types of Vriesia and Tylandia (Tillandsia). Species with soft green leaves are best grown indoors under glass with partial shading, and tanks filled with water during growth. They prefer an acidic substrate, or it can be grown on pieces of bark. After feeding, rinse the leaves thoroughly. Types of vriezii with gray-gray leaves should be kept exactly as their related tillands.
Vriesia often produce seeds without fertilization, but green leaf forms take a long time to change to flowering. Large seeds with "feathers" resemble tillands seeds. Patience connoisseurs will be rewarded with truly wonderful flowers. After the first year or two, when it seems that a young plant of vriezii is struggling for existence (adaptation for survival in the dry season), the growth rate accelerates. Residents of areas with a cool climate will find that growing Vrieseia is much easier than growing Guzman. They can be grown on the street, if the temperature does not fall below zero.
Types and varieties of vriezii
In room culture, the following species are common: V. brilliant (Vriesia splendens), V. hieroglyphic (Vriesia hieroglyphica), V. keeled (Vriesia carinata), V. Sanders (Vriesia saundersii), V. Foster (Vriesia fosteriana), and their hybrids , including one of the most famous cultivars of Vriesia - Vriesia 'Christine'. Vriezii hybrids can have leaves decorated with spots or dots and inflorescences that differ in shape and number of flowers.
Vriesia brilliant or beautiful (Vriesea splendens)
Epiphytic or terrestrial plant with a wide funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, broad-linear form. Other names: "tiger bromeliad", "fire sword". It is the most decorative representative of the numerous genus Vriesia, the most valued and widespread species with striped leaves, red spike-shaped inflorescence, which reaches up to 80 cm in height. Leaves are ligulate, green with transverse red stripes. Flowers vriezii forms yellow with bright red bracts that are short-lived, but beautiful bracts do not fade soon, creating a plant attractive attractiveness.
Currently obtained varieties with branched spike-shaped inflorescence, which are even more attractive, for example, 'Majner', 'Splendid', 'Flamendes Schwert', 'Angelina', 'Rex' and others.
Vriesia keeled (Vriesia carinata)
Differs from the previous species in smaller sizes. Wide funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, wide-linear form, about 15-30 cm long. The leaves are light green, without stripes. Spike inflorescence on a thin straight or drooping peduncle. Bracts very narrow, bright red with a yellow or green tip. It blooms in November - December.
Vriesia Saunders (Vriesea saundersii)
Terrestrial plant with a wide funnel-shaped rosette of leaves, wide-linear form. The leaves are curved down, pointed and bent at the end, about 30 cm long, gray in color, on the reverse side with purple spots and splashes. Paniculate inflorescence on a long erect peduncle about 50-60 cm long. Bracts yellowish. It blooms in October - November.
Vriesia hieroglyphic (Vriesia hieroglyphica)
Epiphyte, an endemic of rain forests on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in Brazil. It reaches in its homeland 1.5-2 m in height, sometimes it is called "the king of bromelias". Vriesia got its name because of the dark markings similar to hieroglyphs, covering shiny wide leaves. Cream flowers of vriezii on a high stalk are pollinated by bats and remain open overnight. A large-scale collection of these plants for sale is now combined with a rapid reduction in habitat and this, when the usual species in nature is on the verge of extinction, although the hieroglyphic breezing is not listed in the Red Lists.
Vriesia: growing and care at home
This is one of the most thermophilic plants compared to other bromeliads. For their successful culture, a uniform, without differences, temperature is necessary: in the summer of 23-25 degrees, in the winter of 18-22 degrees, with a decrease to 16 degrees at night. In general, vriezii are light-requiring and, in the winter when home grown, it is better to place them on the south window. In the summer they should be shaded from direct sunlight or moved to another place.
In the summertime, a lump of land is kept constantly wet, pouring small portions of water into the outlet, but avoiding prolonged stagnation of water. If there is an excess of moisture or dry air in a heated room, leaf damage is observed. Feed every two weeks should be special fertilizers for bromelium, often sprayed with warm water. In winter, watering should be reduced, to add water to the outlet is not necessary.
An adult plant of vriezia, purchased in a store with a peduncle, does not need transplantation, since after flowering the mother plant gives offspring and dies off. It is advisable to put such a flower immediately to a permanent place and not to change its location until the end of flowering relative to natural light. After flowering, be sure to wait for the formation of children, and then plant them in a mixture of leafy earth (3 parts), pine bark (1 part), sand (1 part). Regularly reloading young plants vriezii new dishes. Sometimes flower growers complain that some varieces do not bloom. In this situation, it may be recommended to stimulate flowering with ethylene.
- Breeding vriezii.
At home, vrieseia multiplies mainly by side shoots (children), which are formed after flowering, during the death of the maternal outlet. When the shoots appear noticeable adventitious roots, they should be carefully separated from the parent plant. It is advisable to sprinkle all the cuts with crushed charcoal. Separated sprout should be immediately landed in a container in which the adult plant will not be crowded.
During rooting, it is recommended to maintain high humidity, a constant temperature of 22-24 degrees, be sure to shade from direct sunlight. Within several weeks it is necessary to maintain the substrate in a moderately and evenly wet state.
- Difficulties in growing.
The most susceptible to various diseases are plants in thickened plantings, in which they suffer from a lack of air and light. Vriesia can be very affected by the invasion of the red tick. In case of insufficient watering or low humidity of the air, the tips of the leaves near the Vriesia dry and bend towards the outlet (reach for moisture). With a strong overdrying the plant can lose leaves. Excessive waterlogging causes a variety of blotchiness, as a result of which vriezii can rot and die. With a lack of lighting, the leaves of vriezia lose their decorativeness, and the inflorescences turn pale.
Vriesia is a perennial evergreen epiphyte. It has a short and brittle rhizome. Plant height ranges from 40 to 75 cm. A few leaves form a funnel-shaped rosette. Their length is 15-60 cm, and width - 4-8 cm. The sheet plate has a belt-like shape with smooth edges and a pointed end. The glossy surface of the sheet may be plain dark green or have a marble color with whitish, reddish or brown stripes.
Flat inflorescence in the form of an ear is on a long, erect peduncle. It reaches a height of 1 m. In turn, the large spike consists of rows of small-flowered inflorescences. Each bud is surrounded by bright monophonic or variegated bracts. They are usually yellow, terracotta or scarlet. For a wide and flat inflorescence, Vriesia is often called the “sword of fire”.
Flowering lasts more than a month. Many varieties of vriezii die after its completion, the leaves dry with the peduncle. This is normal, after some time young shoots appear from the soil. After pollination in place of flowers, small seed boxes ripen, in which seeds are hidden with a fluffy tuft.
Types of vriezii
In the natural environment there are more than 250 species of vriezii. In the light tropical forests you can see an intricate carpet of these flowers with different color of petals and leaves. A variety of room vriezii also great. More than 150 species are suitable for cultivation in culture.
Vriesia brilliant (Splenriet). Decorative variety that is most suitable for growing in indoor conditions. Hard lanceolate leaves with small scales are collected in a tight funnel. On dark green foliage there are crimson transverse stripes. Long peduncle crowns the complex spike of red-orange color. Blooms twice a year: in February and June.
The variety is popular Vriesia AstridIt is small in size. The height of a flowering bush does not exceed 45 cm. The leaves are narrow-lanceolate, dark green. On one plant at the same time there are 5-7 scarlets of scarlet color.
Vriesia mix. The plant with bright green monophonic foliage blooms more fluffy spike. Scaly bracts are yellow or red in color.
Vriesia hieroglyphic. This attractive plant has wide, curved leaflets. On the glossy surface of the leaf plate alternate dark green and green transverse stripes. Колосовидное соцветие достигает в высоту 50 см и окрашено в желтый цвет.
Размножается вриезия методом посева семян или отделения деток. Семена можно собрать самостоятельно со взрослого растения. Когда они полностью созревают, коробочка сама раскрывается. Before sowing, seeds are soaked for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then they are dried and sown in peat soil. You can add a small amount of sand and peat moss to the ground. Crops are located at a depth of 5-10 mm. The soil should be slightly moistened and covered with a film. Greenhouse contain at a temperature of + 22 ... + 24 ° C. It is necessary to air and spray the soil daily. Shoots appear together in 10-20 days. After another 2 months, the plants can be seated in separate pots. Flowering seedlings are expected in 2-3 years.
More simple is vegetative reproduction of vriezii. An adult plant after flowering gives numerous offspring. Children develop rapidly and in one or two months they reach one third of the height of the adult plant. Now they can be carefully separated. Place the cut sprinkled with crushed charcoal. Usually they already have weak roots that are important not to damage during transplantation. Plants are immediately placed in separate pots with soil for adult plants. It is recommended to cover the children with film or glass for 10-14 days to make the adaptation period easier.
Vriesia has rather fragile roots, so it is important to be extremely careful when transplanting. Carry out the procedure only if necessary, when the old pot becomes small. In spring or early summer, the plant is transferred to a new container. The pot should be shallow and wide enough. At the bottom of the necessarily spread a thick layer of drainage. To compose the soil using the following components:
- leaf soil
- turf soil
- river sand,
- pieces of pine bark,
- sphagnum moss,
After planting the plant on the surface of the soil is recommended to lay out small pebbles or pieces of wood.
At home, care for vriezii is not difficult. However, like most tropical plants, it needs a special microclimate. The plant is afraid of direct sunlight, preferring diffused light and partial shade. Varieties with variegated foliage need more light than others. It is recommended to put the pot on the east or west window.
The optimum air temperature for vriesia is + 24 ... + 28 ° C. In winter, a slight cooling is allowed, but not below + 18 ... + 20 ° C. It is impossible to allow overcooling of the soil and contact of leaves with a cold window glass.
Humidity near the air should be 70-80%. It is recommended to frequently spray the crown with purified water at room temperature and wipe the leaves from dust with a soft cloth. During the flowering period, it is important to ensure that moisture does not fall on the inflorescence. With the beginning of the heating season you need to remove the pot with vriezii away from the heat source.
It is necessary to water vriezii often and in small portions. Water used is warm and thoroughly purified. She poured into the center of the leaf outlet. Watering is repeated after drying the soil surface.
From April to October, the plant is fertilized twice a month. Special fertilizers should be used for epiphytes or bromelium. The dose of the usual top dressing for indoor plants is halved. Fertilizer is dissolved in water. Part of the portion is poured into the soil, and partly sprayed on the leaves.
Diseases and pests
In case of excessive watering, rot may form on the roots. At its first signs, shoots and soil can be treated with a fungicide solution.
Often, Vriesia is attacked by bromeliad scutes, cherries, and spider mites. From parasites are treated with a solution of insecticides. During the procedure, care should be taken not to damage fragile leaves.
Vriesia beautiful (brilliant)
It is characterized by a rosette of small, wide leaves of saturated green color with dark brown-purple horizontal stripes, spots on the surface. The inflorescence of this species is decorated in the form of a sword-like ear on a long red peduncle. Flowers on it are yellow, arranged in two rows, bracts reddish, glossy.
For vriezii desirable to organize a bright, diffused light. The best choice would be western or eastern windows, a limited amount of oblique sunlight is acceptable. Northern windows will also be suitable, in this case it will be necessary to organize proper care, as in the penumbra the growth and development of the plant slows down, and flowering may not occur. In winter, lamp lighting is required to increase daylight hours to 12 hours.
It is important to remember that Vriesia is a tropical plant, which means that it is quite thermophilic. The temperature throughout the year should be about the same level and reach 18-28 degrees. Winter temperatures should not fall below 17-18 degrees. The flower does not like temperature changes and lowering the temperature of the soil below 18 degrees. With a lack of lighting, the temperature is reduced to 15-17 degrees, so that the plant is not depleted.
Watering and moisture
Being from the tropics, Vriesia is in need of high humidity, this indicator should be at the level of 70-80%. Spraying produce several times a day, the water for this purpose should be soft, room temperature. At temperatures below normal, the plant is not sprayed to avoid rotting.
In spring and summer, watering vriezii should be abundant, the ground should be moist, and in the outlet there is water, which changes to fresh with each watering. In winter, watering is cut down, paying attention to the fact that the land should be dried. If the conditions of the plant meet the requirements, then water is left in the outlet for several hours, if the temperature is below the permissible level, then the outlet must remain dry.
When watering using soft water without harmful impurities.
It is important to remember that during flowering it is necessary to avoid getting water on the peduncle and into the outlet, as this provokes rotting and death of the plant.
Top dressing vriezii
Vriesia is not demanding to feed. During flowering, you can use highly diluted fertilizers for flowering plants, while fertilizers are not applied to the soil, but are delivered through spraying or through a rosette.
Young plants are transplanted several times before the appearance of the inflorescence; adult plants are enough to replant every 5 years. For transplantation, either a ready-made purchased substrate for bromeliads is used, or it is prepared by itself, using for these purposes two parts of leafy land, one part of peat and turf, and one part of sand. When transplanting, it is important not to damage the roots and not to deepen the neck of the plant, as this can provoke diseases and death of the flower.
Vriesia home care
Eastern and western windows are suitable for placing vriezii. The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight and needs shading.
Vriesia grows well in warm rooms, it is important to protect it from sudden changes in temperature. In winter, the temperature should be not lower than 18 ° С, and in summer, ideal for the plant, the temperature is considered to be 22-26 ° С.
Vriesia watering and moisture
Since vrieseia is a tropical plant, for its normal development it is important to increase the humidity that can be achieved by regularly sprinkling the plant, avoiding water droplets on the bract or placing the pot in a pan with constantly moist clay.
The substrate in the pot in the summer should always be wet. It is also necessary to water the plant outlet with soft, separated water, preferably rainwater. In winter, it is enough to water only once a week. Re-water the plant when the soil dries out by 1 cm. The leaves of Vriezii should be regularly cleaned from dust.
The duration of flowering in a houseplants varietia varies depending on the type - from one week to several months. After the peduncle has faded, it must be removed. The leaves of the plant do not need pruning.
Fertilizer for Vriesia
Feed the indoor flower Vriesia fertilizer for bromeliads, every two weeks - from spring to autumn. Moreover, the fertilizer is applied not to the substrate, but to the outlet, since the plant needs its roots for fixing it on the tree, rather than for obtaining nutrients from the soil.
In winter, vriezii do not need feeding.
It reproduces by offshoot children growing from the root of the mother plant. Children must be carefully separated and planted in a separate pot with a substrate for bromeliads or in the usual universal soil, trying not to damage the roots of the plant. The soil should be loose and breathable.
Young plants need to be transplanted every two years before they bloom. It is not necessary to repot the plant during the flowering period. The pot is chosen shallow and wide. At the bottom of the pot put drainage, which should fill the tank by one third, it protects the plant from stagnant water in the roots in case of excessive moisture.