White cabbage, known since prehistoric times, and today occupies the most worthy places in Russian gardens. It is difficult to imagine Russian subsistence farming and national cuisine without this remarkable vegetable. Cabbage, light-loving and cold-resistant culture, received all the best qualities from the wild ancestors - the cruciferous Mediterranean. It is widely cultivated in all European countries, and thanks to selective discoveries of recent years, new varieties and species with improved properties are introduced into the culture. One of these hybrids is white cabbage "megaton F1", which we will talk about.
A large, dense head in the frame of dull green wavy leaves with an average weight of 3.5–5 kg is cabbage “megaton F1”, the photo of which is presented below. One of the most productive and beloved by domestic gardeners of high-yielding hybrids, derived by Dutch breeders, has excellent taste, suitable for use in salads, fermentation and other processing.
The variety of medium-late maturity (102 days or more) has time to build up a large, rounded flat head with a very dense internal structure, sometimes reaching a truly gigantic weight of 15 kg. Today among experienced gardeners cabbage "megaton F1" is considered one of the best hybrids for fermentation. Reviews, photos and recommendations experienced vegetable growers offer attention to readers. Numerous responses of gardeners who cultivate a hybrid emphasize that they grow it exclusively for fermentation, as the head ripens rather late, which allows it to be processed directly from the root, and the very dense structure of the cabbage and the taste of the cabbage give the finished product a remarkable "crispiness" and excellent flavor.
Needless to say about the benefits of white cabbage. It contains unique compounds of vitamins and minerals that improve the quality of human life. There are undoubted advantages of such vegetables as white cabbage "megaton F1". Reviews gardeners say:
• high resistance to fusarium - a fungal disease that affects the vessels and leading to the death of the plant,
• heading is not subject to cracking,
• it is excellently transported and possesses excellent keeping quality.
Cabbage "megaton F1" prefers fertile soil and develops excellently on cultivated loams. But a very unpretentious hybrid is responsive to the care shown and pays a head mass increase, so the right choice of landing site and subsequent care is very important.
White cabbage, including “megaton F1” cabbage, described in the article, successfully develops at moderate temperatures (13 + 18 o C). Shoots may die during a cold snap, young seedlings successfully endure short frosts to –3 ° C, grown up to –5 ° C. Matured heads are resistant to frosts up to –8 ° C. But the high temperature of the air depresses the development of culture : at + 30–35 о С hybrid stops development. The need for moisture in the culture is moderate during planting, but increasing with the beginning of the formation of heads.
Like many white fellows, cabbage "megaton F1" (reviews gardeners emphasize this point) is a culture of a long daylight. It does not tolerate darkening, especially at the stage of seedling development, therefore, for the quality growth of seedlings, proper light delivery is vital. And subsequently, it is not recommended to plant the crop in the shade of fruit trees, distribute the seedlings without observing the required interval or do not conduct timely weeding. All these factors will affect the yield and will not give a full-fledged head of cabbage.
Accommodation on the site
For the optimal location of cabbage ridges, choose a site where cruciferous crops such as cabbage, turnips, radishes, etc. were not cultivated before (2-3 years), since the many years of use of the place for growing representatives of one family provokes the accumulation of specific diseases and soil depletion. In addition to proper crop rotation, illumination is of great importance. Bright, sunny and well-ventilated places are perfectly suited for growing this healthy vegetable.
Cooking beds for cabbages begin in advance. In the autumn they dig up the soil well, choosing weeds and fragments of their roots. Cabbage - recognized gourmet gardeners. Being a strong plant, it quickly pulls nutrients out of the soil, experiencing a special location for high-quality organics. Is not an exception and cabbage "megaton F1". Reviews of experienced gardeners - supporters of ecological farming, are unanimous: a hybrid grows excellently on organic fertilizers (humus or rotted manure). Therefore, in the autumn preparation of beds for each square meter contribute 10-12 kg of manure. Acid soils are not suitable for this culture, because excessive acidity provokes the development of a disease called cabbage keel. Therefore, under the digging (if required), a more liming is also carried out by adding dolomite flour or lime. Together with organic matter, double superphosphate is introduced in the fall (30 g / m 2).
When the spring digging for 2 weeks before planting seedlings in the soil add 40 g. / M 2 of urea and potassium sulfate. The cabbage “megaton F1”, the characteristics of which is presented in the article, is usually grown by seedlings.
Cabbage seedlings are planted in greenhouses or greenhouses, as well as at home in seedling containers. To prevent the occurrence of a bacterial or viral infection, the seeds are pretreated. They are heated in water at a temperature of + 50 ° C for 20 minutes, then cooled by placing in boiled cool water for 3-5 minutes. The last stage of seed treatment is soaking in a biostimulator ("Zircon", "Silk", "Epin", etc.) for several hours. Processing time continues according to the instructions attached to the selected drug.
Middle-late varieties, which include cabbage "megaton F1" planted on seedlings in temperate Russian latitudes around the beginning of April. Seeds are buried by 1 cm, sprinkled with soil, moisten the surface with soft water from the sprayer. From above rassadny tanks or beds cover with a garden film. The seedlings that appeared after 4-6 days are freed from shelters gradually, they do not immediately remove them, but they are freed in parts. So seedlings easier to adapt, reduced stress from the transition from the microclimate in the conditions of the usual environment.
Seedlings: care features
The criteria for proper development of seedlings in the first few days after germination are sufficient illumination and constant moderate (8-10 ° C) temperature. For the plant, this period is considered critical - the seedling stops feeding on the seed stocks and begins to develop the root and aboveground parts. With the advent of the first real sheet, the temperature in the room is increased to 14-18 ° C. Another prerequisite for growing quality seedlings - providing seedlings with fresh air. This is important for plants such as cabbage "megaton F1". Reviews of gardeners are unanimous in opinion: good airing accelerates the growth of seedlings. To maintain the protective forces of plants every 8-10 days in the water for irrigation add several manganese crystals.
Picking seedlings and gardening rules
When 2-3 true leaves grow, the seedlings swoop - they are seated in separate containers. Pre-generously watered shoots are carefully chosen with a clod of earth, the root is shortened by a third and placed in a separate pot, deepening at the level of cotyledon leaves.
The parameters of a strong productive seedling hybrid for planting on the garden are as follows:
• plant height 15-20 cm,
• 4-6 true leaves.
Megaton F1 is planted in open ground in mid-late May, positioning the landing holes at a distance of 0.55-0.65 m with a half-meter spacing between rows. The seedlings are deepened at the level of the first leaf, preventing it from falling asleep with earth. When planting young plants abundantly watered.
Cabbage "megaton F1": growing and care
Keeping the beds moist will speed up survival and subsequent productive development of cabbage. Therefore, grown plants until the closure of the leaves periodically spud, maintaining a normal level of moisture. Cabbage "megaton F1" (reviews of vegetable growers confirm) requires 5-6 generous irrigations per season, the norm of each of which ranges from 15 to 20 l / m 2. Although, of course, should focus on the state of the weather. A month before harvesting, watering is stopped.
Feed the hybrid twice a season. The first - after 2-3 weeks after planting, water the plants, adding 5 g / m 2 of carbamide, double superphosphate and potassium sulfate to the water. The second time, at the beginning of July, is watered, reducing the concentration of urea to 2 g / m 2 and bringing the potassium fertilizer to 8-10 g / m 2.
Timely simple care will ensure a high yield of the classic cruciferous representative, which is the megaton F1 cabbage. Cultivation of this hybrid does not differ from many middle-late varieties, but clearly surpasses them in mass and quality of the obtained heads.