Growing up in regions with severe winters only as a letnik, argirantemum is one of the most abundant-flowered garden crops. This large, almost giant for Letniki plant looks like a full-fledged shrub from the outside and is most often grown in containers. The delightful bloom, which lasts from July to the cold of autumn, allows you to admire the scattering of classic daisy baskets with a bright yellow core. It is not so easy to grow argyranthemum, but in the beauty of flowering with it, only relatives can potter chrysanthemums.
Mix of argirantemums. © jparkers
The extraordinary characteristics of the annual argirantemum
Argirantemums are better known as daisy chrysanthemums. Previously, these plants were ranked among the genus with all the chrysanthemums, but thanks to active selection and research, today they are considered as an independent genus comprising more than 20 species of plants.
Argirantemum shrub - The most popular species comes from the Canary Islands. The folk nickname argirantemuma - “daisy” here and the “Parisian daisy” in Europe - perfectly describes its bloom.
Argyranthemum develops in the form of a wide bush with a height from 30 cm to 1 meter. Pillow of leaves and shoots seems lush, solid, surprisingly openwork. Circular-dissected leaves of this pendulum have a silvery or surprisingly bright green color. They are assembled in a lush rosette. Inflorescences appear in July, on the tops of the branches. They are very similar to the camomile in their shape and color palette. Bright yellow flowers form the center, and reed in one or several rows create a beautiful radiant halo. In argirantemum sometimes in the center of the flower is a shortened row of reed flowers, which brings it closer to the anemone.
The color palette of argirantemuma includes white, pale cream, yellow, pink, apricot colors. Usually the colors are represented by the most delicate, light shades close to white.
Argyranthemum shrub, shrub chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum frutescens). © Cerlin Ng
Use in the design of the garden
We have argirantemum grown as a classic container letnik or as a large annual shrub capable of placing spectacular accents in any garden composition.
It is good both on flower beds and in rabatka, where he places bright color spots. But the argirantemum reveals its qualities most fully when grown in containers. It can be set up as a guard at the entrance to the house or on the terrace, to decorate a potted garden, to create a special atmosphere in the corner for relaxation. Argyranthemum in pots looks great when placed on a flower bed to enhance the effect of profusion of flowers. Potted argirantemums due to the acceleration of growth in sales are already apparent from spring and they can decorate the garden until the very first frost. In order for the bushes to be superdense and seem to be a cap, they are often treated with growth inhibitors.
The bloom of argirantemum, similar to a continuous cloud of daisies, is more and more often used for shtamba: on a high stem, even a rose will eclipse argirantemum.
To the best varieties of bush argirantemus belong:
- blue-green variety greens "Dana"Only up to 30 cm high, developing in the form of a wide cushion with surprisingly touching buds,
- cherry or pink argirantemum sortogruppy "Madeira»,
- sortogruppu "LaRita"With white, light green and peach colors,
- grade "Sweety"About 70 cm tall with very bright, almost screaming greens and light pink inflorescences, which have an additional decoration in the form of a snow-white ring around yellow tubular flowers in the center of the baskets,
- pale pink half meter variety "Flamingo».
In addition to bush argirantemum, you should also pay attention to:
- bright yellow Argirantemum of Madera (Argyranthemum maderense),
- with dill-like herbs Argyranthemum Fennel (Argyranthemum foeniculaceum),
- Argyrantemum pinnacular (pinnag) succulent (Argyranthemum pinnatifidum ssp. succulentum), which stands out for its drought tolerance,
- with yarrow-like leaves Argyrantemum lemsa and so forth
Conditions comfortable argirantemum
The habits of this yearbook are quite specific. Argyranthemum likes cool and stable heat, but does not welcome the heat. Uniform growing conditions for it are difficult to recreate, and even greenhouses are not suitable, because argyrantheum in them suffers from other factors - too bright lighting and air stagnation.
When choosing lighting for argirantemuma, try to find a location with good, diffused lighting, but without direct sunlight. These cultures do not like shading, but they are not afraid of drafts.
Select soil carefully. Only light, drained, perfectly permeable to water and excluding even minimal risk of its stagnation are suitable for argirantemus. In addition, this plant can bloom profusely only in very nutritious soil. The acidity is also important: neutral, slightly acidic or acidic soils are suitable for argirantemus. Best for this plant to choose loam. For container plants, choose substrates for flowering plants or universal earth mixes.
Argyrantemum in the tub. © John Steedman
This plant in the open ground must be transferred as soon as the threat of nocturnal frost disappears. The same principle “works” for potted argirantemums: the earlier it is put into habitual conditions, the better. Planting should be carried out carefully, without damaging the rhizomes, while maintaining the usual level of penetration. The first weeks of watering should be intense.
Feed for argirantemu
This plant produces an incredible amount of inflorescences, and even in the most nutritious soil without dressings, argirantemum can simply die from exhaustion. In order to enjoy the beauty of the plants, it is necessary 2-3 times per season to make full mineral fertilizers for growing in open ground argirantemums and every week, starting from the budding stage, feed potted plants.
Argyranthemum, variety Bright Carmine. © Serres Fortier
Abundantly bloom argirantemum will be even when faded buds begin to spoil its attractive appearance. But the absence of cutting will definitely affect the duration of flowering. In this fly, faded inflorescences must be promptly removed from the bushes (of course, if you want the argyranthemum to bloom before the cold comes).
Argirantemums are real forerunners of the first frosts. They seem to anticipate the first cold and begin to fade even before their arrival. Immediately after the process of dying begins, completely remove the plant and destroy it.
If you want to maintain a compact form of growth, create a dense, neat cushion bushes, then pinch the tips of the branches and thereby form the crown.
This perennial bred as a method of cuttings, and seeds.
Seeds Argirantemum sprout in standard conditions, provided sowing in early spring under glass or film. Young plants can be planted in containers as they grow, and in the open ground they are transferred only with the disappearance of the last night primorozkov.
Argyranthemum, Summer Melody variety. © Serres Fortier
Cuttings best preserves varietal characteristics of the plant and allows you to quickly get large bushes. The cuttings are cut at the end of the summer or in the spring, keeping the mother plants in a bright, cool place until the next year, when it will be possible to cut the rooting cuttings more qualitatively. When grafting in the summer, young plants need to be grown in room conditions before the arrival of heat, often with light, therefore it is the mother plants that most often retain.
Cultivation and care
Outwardly, it is easy to confuse with chamomile, especially when the petals are white. Florists love him for the pomp and tumult of inflorescences, as well as for the fact that he can bloom right up to the autumn frosts.
It is enough to plant only a few seeds of this flower to decorate the whole flowerbed. In order to bush was very lush, it is treated with special drugs, accelerating growth.
Unfortunately, this flower is picky enough to care, as it does not tolerate heat and high humidity in both air and soil. For this reason, it is not grown in greenhouses and greenhouses, as the air there often stagnates.
Therefore, it is best planted on the open ground or in pots, which for the winter can be cleaned into the room. But the place should not be too sunny, half-shade or diffused lighting would be best. Drafts he calmly endures.
This plant does not like wet soil, so before planting it is necessary to take into account its composition. It should be light, nutritious, quickly pass water. A slight excess of the soil acidity rate is allowed, but not strong. The most suitable for this flower is loamy soil.
If the flower is planted in a pot, then at the bottom there must be a drainage, which will not allow moisture to stagnate.
For indoor varieties in a specialized store, purchase a universal land or special for flowering plants.
Growing from seed
They are propagated in one of two ways: cuttings or seeds. Seeds can be purchased at garden stores. Initially, they are grown in a small flat container with the ground under the plastic wrap.
As soon as two true leaves grow, sprouts are transplanted into separate cups of soil. At this time, the sprouts are well watered, but do not allow the overmoistening of the earth.
After growing about five leaves, sprouts are finally transplanted into a larger pot or in open ground. But the latter is done only when the final summer weather is established on the street. Otherwise, they may die after the first frost.
Reproduction by cuttings
With the help of grafting, you can get a better and healthier plant that can quickly form into a large flowering shrub. Usually grafting is carried out at the beginning of autumn or at the beginning of spring.
But if grafting was done in the summer, the cutting should grow indoors until next summer, when it can be transplanted into open soil. The room should be cool and bright, well ventilated.
If the flower is transplanted for the winter from the soil into the pot, then during cutting, only parent cuttings are retained. That they can easily transfer the winter in the room.
Since the argirantemum does not tolerate negative air temperatures and may die during frosts, therefore, they land in open ground only when warm weather has settled. It is desirable that the night temperature was above zero.
It is necessary to replant very carefully, so as not to damage their root system, otherwise there is a risk of ruining the shrub. Planting and care process:
- At first they look at how far the roots have grown, then in the ground they make a hole of such a size that it is comfortable for the roots.
- If several plants are planned on one flower bed, then the distance between them should be at least 30 centimeters.
- At the bottom of each hole must do drainage.
- Above the drainage slightly covered with sand and earth in equal proportions.
- Carefully put a seedling in a hole, fall asleep on top of the ground, slightly tamped.
- The first two or three weeks often water a flower so that it quickly adapts to a new place. At the same time make sure that the soil was not all the time wet.
Looking at its lush flowering, it seems that it does not need to feed. But this is not the case; without fertilizers, it will simply cease to bloom and dries quickly, even if the soil is very nutritious. So that it will blossom well in the open air from early summer to autumn, they give him mineral supplements three times during the whole season.
But indoor plants are recommended to be fed every week since the first bud appeared. Thanks to the mineral supplements, one shrub of argirantemum can bloom for about four months.
We already know that this plant does not tolerate high humidity both in the air and in the soil, but it can also wither quickly in a drought. Therefore, watering is necessary, but rare.
The soil should be slightly wet to the touch. If it is completely dry at a depth of one centimeter, then watering is necessary. It is undesirable to water too cold water.
The first flowers usually bloom in June, and at the end of this month the whole bush is usually densely covered with lush inflorescences. The last bud usually fades before the most frosts. The most popular are white petals, but there are also blue, yellow, maroon inflorescences.
If a flowerbed is planted with flowers of different colors, then from afar it will resemble a flowering carpet and attract admiring glances of passersby.
Even if the inflorescences are not cut, and wait until they naturally wilt and fall off, the new ones will still grow. But in this case, the total period of flowering will be reduced from four months to two. Therefore, faded inflorescences are recommended to be cut with scissors in time to lengthen the flowering period of the entire bush.
In summer you can form a crown of the bush by pinching the tips of the branches.
Preparing for the winter
Since the argirantemum has spread throughout the world from the Canary Islands, where the tropical climate reigns, it is considered to be long-term. But not in Russia, where winters are usually severe, which are almost impossible to survive for a plant under snow.
Therefore, it exists in Russia as an annual, and it has to be re-grown and transplanted into the open land every spring.
But this can be avoided if every autumn the bushes are transplanted into separate pots with fresh soil. All winter they should be in a cool room, where the air temperature is kept at +15 o C. In winter, it is watered moderately.
Diseases and pests
Insect pests and fungal diseases usually bypass argirantemum, but it can still become infected with powdery mildew. From her, unfortunately, the plant is no longer cured, and only remains to quickly pull out and destroy, while the neighboring bushes are not infected.
Therefore, so that a beautiful flower bed is not ruined by powdery mildew, all greens on it are treated with fungicides for preventive purposes.
Before the onset of frosts in the fall, argirantemum is removed in time so that it does not provoke the occurrence of fungi that can ruin a fresh landing in spring. It is undesirable to overfeed the bushes with nitrogen-based feed, as its excessive amount can cause fungal diseases.
If powdery mildew is found at the initial stage, then you can get rid of it with one of the following folk recipes:
- A liter of kefir is diluted with three liters of water and flowers are sprayed every two weeks.
- In a ten-liter bucket of water pour 1 kilogram of wood ash. Insist in a dark but warm place for about 5 days. Before spraying it is filtered and mixed with shavings of household soap.
Before this treatment, all affected leaves are cut off with a clean tool.
The most common varieties of argirantemum in Russia are:
- Broussonti - In height, it often grows to 130 centimeters. It has green feathery leaves up to 15 centimeters long. Inflorescences are white with a yellow heart. From afar it is easy to confuse with chamomile. Differs in long flowering - right up to October. In the winter it can be grafted and transplanted into a pot.
- Elegant - It is difficult to form an ornamental shrub from it, as it has rare leaves that resemble sticks. Inflorescences resemble chamomile, but differ from it in its large size.
- Pitched-notched - Its difference is that it can tolerate drought. So, it is beneficial to those owners who can not or forget to water their plants. In height it grows up to 150 centimeters, it has large dark green leaves with notched edges. Inflorescences are usually white with a yellow center.
- Sunshine Silver - It has incredibly bright yellow petals, where the edges are usually lighter than the center. It blooms for a long time, right up to the first autumn cold. It grows up to 60 centimeters in height. Perfect for outdoor flower beds.
- Sweeps - Grows to a height of about 70 centimeters. Possess foliage of bright green color and pale pink petals framing the yellow core. They have a unique feature in the form of a snow-white ring around the core.
- Flamingo - Grows no higher than 50 centimeters, so it is often used as a border plant. It has thick pink petals.
- Fennel-shaped - Its dark green leaves are very similar to dill, and flowers are indistinguishable from chamomile. Reach about a meter in height.
Flower with character
Planting and care of the bush have features, but in general the argirantemum is not capricious. Сложности могут возникнуть на первой стадии — при определении места жительства. Аргирантемум гость из тропиков, но не тех жарких и влажных, а с Канарских островов.It is always warm there, only occasionally a cool fresh wind blows from the ocean. In our latitudes to recreate such a climate is not possible, just as close as possible to the original.
Tip! When choosing a landing site, you should pay attention to areas with diffused lighting. Experienced gardeners have adapted to grow lush bushes under sheds, the material of which allows a certain amount of sunlight to pass through.
At first, the argirantemum was attributed to the family of daisy, but after the discovery of the twentieth species, they were identified as a separate species. Breeders also tried - brought a lot of hybrids. Species of varieties differ even in the shape of the leaves: some leaves are small, pubescent, silver, and others flaunt a rosette of large green leaves.
The flowers of the shrub are large, but not bright, but delicate with a slight pearl tint. Depending on the variety, you can choose a chamomile flower color palette in advance:
- "Angelic White" - a variety famous for its huge, snow-white, fragile flowers.
- Dark blue daisy? Sometimes, the famous varieties of "Dan".
- The variety "Flamingo" is valued by gardeners for large pink flowers, which are covered with a bush from June to October.
- "LaRita" - a variety known for its peach color palette of opening buds.
Depending on the variety, argirantemum has a height of 30 cm and higher. In the flower beds there are meter giants. Miniature copies are perfect for flowerpots, and tall plants will decorate any garden. Vases with compact bushes are often placed at the entrance to the house, at the swing or near the pool.
Argirantemum grows in native spaces as a perennial plant, we grow only as an annual. Will not transfer even weak frosts, therefore sowing seeds into the ground is not practiced. You can multiply the bush in the following ways:
- Planting seeds in boxes for seedlings under the film. Sowing work begins from mid-March, then the seedlings are grown in separate pots. Care for them is moderate watering and lighting lamps. The end of May, the beginning of June - the time of landing on the flower beds.
- Reproduction by cutting. In the fall, the adult plant is dug out and placed for wintering at a temperature of 14-16 ° C with light. Watering is scarce, but drying is not allowed. Such care will allow the argirantemum to winter without a loss. The beginning of April is the best period for grafting. A knife at an oblique angle cut 6 cm cuttings and rooted in the ground.
For the bush fit soil with indicators PH - 4.5-5.5, that is, slightly acidic and neutral. With the stagnation of moisture in the root system, argirantemum will die from rotting. Therefore, swampy areas are not suitable for planting, they can only grow in vases. The soil should be loose and nutritious.
Tip! In order not to worry about proper watering, it is possible to land with the introduction of drainage material into the ground, which does not leach the soil.
Gardeners with experience grow chamomile trees on their plots. To this end, in the process of growth, the growing shoots are cut, except the central one. In an almost adult plant, the apical bud is removed and it begins to form a crown. Breeders help the shrub by regularly pinching the twigs. Anyone who has ever seen such a flowering tree will certainly grow the same for himself.
Planted young plants on the beds trying not to damage the roots. To prevent the stems from rotting, seedlings must be in the soil at the same depth as they were in the temporary containers. Caring for argirantemum in vases is easier, since they do not require a transplant. Experts advise to harden seedlings from the beginning of May, bringing them to the open air.
How to care for chamomile bush?
It is best to water argirantemum in the evening after sunset. Watering must be adjusted in accordance with the temperature of the air - the heat implies a greater soil moisture. The soil should always be wetted, but excessive dampness will destroy the flower. However, as the drying of the soil.
Tip! Especially dangerous to pour plants in pots. Experienced growers are advised to focus on the top layer of soil. If the first two centimeters of land are dry, then it is time to water the argirantemum.
In gratitude for the proper care, he will thank the owner for abundant flowering. By investing in the formation of buds all the power, argirantemum may be exhausted and die. Avoiding this will help regular fertilization, which depends on the method of planting:
- Plants in flowerpots need weekly supplements with complex or mineral fertilizers.
- Bushes in open ground require five feedings for the entire growing cycle.
Tip! Do not abuse the organic. The bush will begin to powerfully increase the green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Pests at the overseas guest a bit. For the prevention of their invasion applied insecticide spraying. But the treatment of fungicides will help from the more common scourge - powdery mildew. The first sign is the rapid withering of adult plants. Regular pruning of bushes will also serve as a good prevention from this disease.
Flower reproduction requires winter preservation of one or several specimens and care for them. But gardeners no longer represent their beds without it. Landscape designers grow many miniature trees and adorn squares. And how great it is to do it in your own garden.
Argyranthemum is so self-sufficient that a flower garden will look luxurious without other plants. His landing and waiting for the first buds is always exciting for beginners. And experienced flower breeders are more worried about having a new variety in the store. Or derive it yourself.
Amazing features Argirantemum Description of the species
Argyranthemum grassy plants for open ground
In Russia, the other name Argirantemum - daisy chrysanthemum is more common. Initially, these plants were considered part of the genus of chrysanthemums. However, it is a completely separate genus. The long-term process of cultivation and breeding has led to the fact that today there are more than 20 distinct types of these amazing flowers. The most common is Argirantemum shrub. His homeland are the distant Canary Islands. In Europe, he was baptized with the name "Paris Chamomile", and this name very accurately describes the process of its flowering.
Argyranthemum usually grows in the form of a volumetric bush with an average height of up to one meter.
- The structure of its stems and leaves gives the impression of a pillow or a lush blanket.
- The leaves have a pronounced green color, which harmoniously contrasts with the flowers formed on the tops of the shoots.
- Their petals vary in color and come in a variety of shades - from white and pale pink to bright crimson. They create a beautiful halo around baskets of buds that have a characteristic chamomile yellow core.
- In some varieties of Argirantemum, this core is surrounded by shortened reed flowers, which outwardly unites this plant with Anemone.
Argyranthemum in the garden
argyranthemum frutescens argirantemum care
Most often, Argyranthemum is grown in Russia as an annual container plant or as a large, spreading annual bush. He is able to decorate and add a special charm to any garden installation.
It will also be beneficial to look in flower beds along with other plants that have bright flowering. But the most preferable way of its cultivation is, perhaps, cultivation of Argyrantemum in a container. Thanks to this approach, you can at any time find the best location for him, be it a terrace near your house, your cozy garden corner of potted plants or a flower bed on which he is able to multiply the impression of abundant flowering.
Argirantemum shrub herb for open ground
Due to their rapid growth, Argirantemums can be purchased in the spring and enjoy the beauty of their flowering before the onset of frost. To give these plants a lush cap shape, they are often treated with specialized growth inhibitors.
Some gardeners grow daisy chrysanthemum as a high-stemming plant that can overshadow even tall roses with its beauty.
Shrub argyranthemum is in turn subdivided into several varieties. The most graceful of them are the following:
1. Grade "Dana", with foliage bluish shades. This small plant, stretching no more than 30 centimeters, grows squat lush pillow and has an incredibly delicate inflorescences.
2. The Madeira variety, which owes its name to a Portuguese island, also called pink or cherry Argyranthemum.
3. Variety "LaRita", which boasts a bud of warm peach color.
4. Variety “Sweety” - a relatively large plant, up to 70 centimeters tall, with pale pink flowers and strikingly bright green foliage. The cores of their baskets are additionally decorated with a snow-white ring.
However, this is not the whole variety of daisy chrysanthemums that can pleasantly surprise and please your eye. You should also look at the following types:
- Argyranthemum is fennel-shaped, having tiny leaflets that look like dill foliage.
- Argyrantemum pinnacular is a kind of succulent subspecies of the genus Argirantemums, distinguished by its drought tolerance.
- Argirantemum Lemsa, having leaves like a millennial. And many others.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Argyranthemum cultivation Argyranthemum Frutescens Madeira White
Argyranthemum blooms very rapidly, releasing an unbelievable number of flower stems and inflorescences. Therefore, without the organization of top dressing, it will not be able to safely exist and bloom even in very nutritious soil conditions. For Argyranthemums growing in open ground, it will be sufficient to fertilize the soil with a complex of mineral additives a couple of times in a season. If you grow Argirantemum in a potted way, then starting from the period when buds appear, it is necessary to feed your plants every week. Such a simple systematic approach will allow the plants to remain healthy all year round, and for you for a long time to admire its rich floral decorations.
Argyranthemum growing and care
Blooming Argyranthemum does not slow down its flowering even with dried leaves and wilted buds on it. However, this phenomenon will certainly adversely affect the duration of flowering of the entire plant as a whole. Therefore, if you want your Argirantemum, to please you with its lush flowering as long as possible, you must promptly remove all faded flowers. Then the daisy chrysanthemum will bloom before the onset of autumnal cold. Just before their onset, the plant will actively fade and shed off dead leaves and flower stalks. As soon as this happens, take care of the destruction of the whole plant.
When growing Argirantemum, it is possible to control the formation of its stems, to stimulate them to grow in a lush compact crown. To do this, periodically pinch the tips of the branches, thereby giving the plant the desired shape.
Maintains argirantemum reproduction by cuttings
This annual plant is capable of reproduction with the help of seeds or the method of grafting.
In the first case, the seeds are sown in separate containers in early spring, after which they are placed under a film or glass and grown under standard conditions. After the end of the frost is completed, the plants are moved to the open ground, following all the recommendations for transplanting.
The best types of argirantenum:
- Dana - plant height reaches 30 cm, inflorescences are low, fold, leaves in different directions allow the shrub to occupy a fairly large area.
- Flamingo is distinguished by a delicate pink color of flowers. Shoots in height do not exceed 50 cm, on flowerbeds it looks beautiful with bright yellow shades. Long flowering time: from the first month of summer to the first October frosts.
- Sweety shoots about 70 cm in length. The variety defines bright green leaves and delicate pink inflorescences-baskets, where a white ring is depicted by nature around a disk with yellow tubular flowers.
- Lemsa flower leaves look like yarrow leaves.
- Madeira name given in honor of the Portuguese island. The flowers have a cherry or pink color.
- La Rita blooms with delicate peach flowers.
- Daizy Craizy Summersong Roze blooms from June to September with light pink flowers.
- Angelic White pleases with its snow-white bloom for two months from mid-summer.
Argyrantenum one-year or not?
Homeland argirantemuma Canary Islands, where the plant is considered a multi-year. Unfortunately, in our latitude, it can exist as an annual.
The climate of the flower’s homeland differs significantly from that of central Russia. Perennial shrub argirantenum is. Since the plant does not tolerate severe frosts, it is dug out for the winter and stored indoors at a temperature of +15 degrees, and planted in the spring in open ground.
This is generally done with potted argirantenums, rarely with unpaved pots. Argirantenums (chamomile chrysanthemums) are called annuals, since they have to be planted anew each year.
Argirantenum: landing and care
Argyrantenums grown in pots can be transplanted into the open ground for the summer. The plant needs light, but you should avoid direct sunlight on the place where the flower will be planted. Harmful argirantenumu and drafts.
Argyranthemum is propagated by seeds and cuttings. To obtain seedlings, seeds are sown in March under a film or in a greenhouse. Landing in the ground is made in the middle of May, but for each region there are different dates for the onset of warm spring days.
The soil for argirantenum should be light and rich in minerals. A wonderful day for planting daisy chrysanthemums will be an overcast day. Perhaps planting in the morning or in the evening.
Argirantenum landing and care, process:
- Dig a hole about 40 cm in size; if there are a lot of plants, place each other at a distance of 30 cm.
- If it is required to make a drainage on the bottom of the hole, over which a layer of soil is filled with sand in a combination of 1: 1 fractions.
- The seedling is put into the hole, deepened, the earth is pressed around the shoot to remove excess air from the ground. Planting should be done carefully, without damaging the rhizomes.
The first weeks after transferring the argirantenum to the open ground, frequent irrigation is welcomed to make it stick.
Growing Argyrantenum and caring for it
Argyrantenums are mainly grown to decorate yards, flower beds, only in production using a growth enhancer, it is grown to create bouquets.
To create a comfortable environment, the shrub needs:
- Watering argyrantenum flower.
- Top dressing.
- Prevention of pests and diseases.
Now about everything in more detail
As already mentioned, an integral part of flower care is timely watering, but they should not get carried away so as not to destroy the plant. A flower, very capricious and therefore any oversaturation of soil with moisture, can lead to its death. Slightly wet soil, it is consistent with the needs of the plant, so it is necessary to develop a watering system. It is necessary to carry out watering in the evening or early in the morning. It is very dangerous to pour argirantenum in flowerpots; it is possible to determine the need of a flower for moistening on the top layer of soil, if two centimeters of soil have dried, then it is time to water the shrub.
During flowering - the flower of Argirantenum produces many inflorescences, even in the most saturated soil the bush can die. In order for the plant to enjoy its abundant and colorful flowering, it is necessary to feed it two or three times during the period of cultivation with mineral fertilizers for growing in open ground and weekly starting from tying buds, to feed the plants in pots.
Abundant flowering of the shrub will occur even with faded buds, which spoil its appearance and colorful appearance. But all this may affect the duration of the flowering period, therefore, faded buds need to be removed on time. Flower Argirantenum, as if feels the approach of the first frosts, starting to die off even before their arrival. In shrub argirantenum, like all shrubs, you can form a crown, by pinching the tips of the shoots. The result is a delightful lush brightly flowering tree.
Description of varieties and varieties of argirantemum
The plant belongs to the aster family. Not so long ago, botanists singled out the argirantemum into a separate genus, which includes 23 species.
Argyranthemum is an evergreen shrub from the highlands of the Canary Islands and Madeira. Reed flowers, baskets have the most diverse colors. The leaves are pinnate, dissected, large or small, depending on the variety, green or silver coated. According to the form of growth argyroantemum can be:
The second type is often formed as a shtamb. Of all the species in horticulture most commonly used:
- frutescens (shrub upright),
- pinnatifidum ssp. Succulentum (succulent subspecies).
Кустарниковый вид дал основу для многих сортов и гибридов аргирантемума:
- Дана (компактные кустики высотой 30 см, окрас лепестков – голубой),
- Angelic White (обильное белоснежное цветение),
- Фламинго (розовые цветы),
- La Rita (персиковые корзинки),
- Sunshine Silver (высота куста 60 см, крупные ярко-желтые цветы).
Уход, подкормка аргирантемума удобрениями
The warm mild climate of the Mediterranean - the natural conditions for argirantemum. Providing something similar in the Middle Band is quite difficult. This is best done in large greenhouses, where plants grow more than a meter and bloom all year round.
In the open ground for the "Parisian chamomile" choose a place with diffused sunlight. Some gardeners construct canopies of partially rayed material. Argyranthemum equally does not tolerate scorching heat and shading. Do not like the plant and open windy places.
The flowering period begins in June and lasts until the first frost. To compensate for the energy consumption of this process, make complex fertilizers. The most convenient way to do this is when watering. Liquid mineral supplements for outdoor plants are required 2–3 times per season, potted every week. To preserve the decorative and compact forms, use growth inhibitors. In the summer argirantemum watered regularly, do not allow the soil to dry out. In strong heat, the plants are satisfied with a shower of warm, defended water.
Overgrown shrubs "daisy chrysanthemum" need to remove wilted parts. It is required to maintain continuous flowering and aesthetic appearance. Crohn's plants respond well to the clothespin. Caring in this way, neat trees are obtained.
Argyranthemum: diseases and pests
In the autumn, without waiting for the top part to wither, the argirantemum is removed. This is done in a timely manner to prevent the occurrence of possible infections. For example, a dangerous fungal disease of powdery mildew. Begins with small white spots on the upper side of the leaf. The formations are growing rapidly, soon covering the entire above-ground part. Mycelium of the fungus is rapidly transported, infecting growing near cultures.
An interesting feature of the fungus: not to cause the complete death of the plant, but to maintain its “carrier”. Favorable conditions for the development of the dispute is:
- No precipitation with high humidity (80%).
- Sharp alternation of heat with heavy rainfall.
- Excess nitrogen content.
The disease progresses on uncleaned, thickened bushes and plantings. Ash or fermented milk products will help in the fight against powdery mildew on argirantemume. For example, serum. To do this, it is diluted with 2-3 parts of water and irrigate the plants with an interval of 2 weeks. Effective and ash infusion. 10 liters of water - 1 kg of ash. Insist in a warm place for 4–5 days, filter, add chips households. soap. Treat affected leaves.
How to combine argirantemum with other plants
Argirantemum bush can be soloed in any flower arrangement. It looks spectacular in the form of a trunk. To this end, cuttings are cut in September, rooted under a film in a greenhouse. As the plant grows, all shoots are removed from the sides. The main trunk is tied up to a support before its lignification. After reaching the desired height, the top of the arginantemum is cut off and proceeds to the formation of the crown. Booms are planted in open ground or in a wide pot. This decorative tree will perfectly decorate a closed courtyard or veranda.
On the flowerbed, Argirantemum is combined with any flowering and decorative leafy plants. Low-growing compact varieties are well suited for decoration curbs, tracks. High and sprawling - for alpine slides and rockeries. Looks great argiratemum with petunias, balsamic, vegetative verbena, coleus.
Plants are planted in tiers, combine colors and texture. For planting gardeners use any available containers: building baths, large barrels, wooden boxes. To make such a container can be to your taste, giving a special appearance.
Argyranthemum is grown on balconies, loggias. Such plants often leave to spend the winter in the apartment, keeping the next year.
"Daisy chrysanthemum" - a colorful and interesting plant. Engaging them will be fascinating not only for beginners, but also for more experienced flower growers.
In our country, argirantemum is called a daisy chrysanthemum, as this plant originally belonged to the genus of chrysanthemum. But still, the plant belongs to another species, to which the long-term process of selection and cultivation has led.
Now there are about twenty varieties of these unique colors. The most common species is argirantemum shrub whose homeland is Canary. In Europe, daisy chrysanthemum is called "Paris Chamomile“And what is most interesting, this name is an exact characteristic of the process of its flowering.
Due to the abundance of bright, beautiful flowers and the ability to bloom profusely, the shrub from July to October pleases gardeners with a huge number of small inflorescences that look like a daisy. Despite the fact that the plant is not too easy to grow, its beauty and unusual, as well as the duration of the flowering period, is worth the time and effort spent.
Types and varieties
Argirantemum shrub - is a one-year large sprawling shrub. Due to the structure of the stems and leaves, the impression of a bright lush veil is created.
The leaves of the daisy chrysanthemum have a dark green tint, harmoniously contrasting with bright colors, whose petals may differ in color from crimson to white or pale pink. They frame the yellow core, characteristic of daisies.
Argyranthemum adauctum - The plant is represented by a spreading shrub with dark green leaves and white flowers resembling chamomile. Blooms argirantemum from July to October.
Argyranthemum broussonetii (Broussonet) - is a richly branched shrub whose height can be up to 120 centimeters. The leaves have a dark green shade. They have a winged petiole and reach a length of 15 centimeters. The flowers of the shrub are white, reminiscent of chamomile. The flowering period is from February to October. Daisy chrysanthemum of this species can be found on the island of La Gomera and Tenerife.
Argyrantemum callichrysum - grows on the island of La Gomera. It has a thick dark green foliage. Flowers have from 6 to 14 petals of yellow, cream or white color. Blooms argirantemum from early February to late October.
Shrub found on the island of Tenerife. It has dark green toothed leaves, the length of which ranges from 10 to 15 centimeters. The name of the flower from the Greek translates as "silver." The shrub is obliged to it due to its milky-white flowers scattered on a spreading shrub.
Argyranthemum dissectum - The plant is a spreading shrub with dark green leaves with notched ends. Argirantemus flowers are very similar to chamomile and have white petals and a yellow core. The flowering period occurs in mid-summer and lasts until late autumn.
Argyranthemum escarrei - shrub grows in the Canary Islands and belongs to the subterranean asteric. It has wide and flat dark green leafy plates. Daisy chrysanthemum has a large number of small flowers that look like chamomile. The bloom of argirantemus from the beginning of February to the end of October.
Argyranthemum filifolium - shrub grows on the island of Gran Canaria. It reaches a height of 80 centimeters. Possesses petiolate, filiform leaves with a large number of branches. Flowers may have a yellow or white shade.
Grows in the Canary Islands. It has abundant foliage with dark green thin sheet plates. Plant blooms from early spring to late fall. Daisy chrysanthemum flowers in their appearance resemble daisy, featuring snow-white petals with bright yellow center.
Argyranthemum foeniculum (Fennel shaped) - the plant can be found in our latitudes. It is a spreading shrub with dark green leaves resembling dill sprigs. Flowers have white petals and a yellow middle. Blooms argirantemum from mid-summer until the first frost.
Argyranthemum frutescens - Canary Islands are considered the birthplace of the plant, but it can also be found in our gardens. The height of argirantemum is from 30 to 100 centimeters. The leaves are short, dark green and collected in one outlet. Flowers may have a yellow, white or pink hue. Daisy chrysanthemum blooms from July to September.
Argyranthemum gracile (Elegant) - is an annual shrub with thin, stick-like leaf sheets of a dark green color. Flowers of a plant remind a camomile, differing from it in the sizes of inflorescences.
The plant is represented by an annual shrub with lush dark green leaves. The inflorescence of the Argirantemum is small, resembling a daisy. However, shades can range from snow white to yellow.
Argyranthemum haouarytheum - Daisy chrysanthemum of this species grows on the island of La Palma. It has a large number of lanceolate leaves of dark green color. Plant blooms from early spring to late fall. Inflorescences have white petals and a yellow center. Outwardly, they resemble daisy, but have larger flowers.
Argyranthemum hierrense - The plant is an annual shrub with dark green leaves, like fennel sprigs. The inflorescences are of medium size, large yellow center and snow-white petals. There may also be flowers of light yellow color.
Argyranthemum lemsii (Lemsa) - low shrub, with small white inflorescences that look like leafy yarrow. The plant was named after the botanist Cornelius Lemes, who studied the Canarian flora.
Shrub grows on the island of Grand Canaria. Its height reaches 60 centimeters. Flat and rough sheet plates have a short petiole and reach a length of 10 centimeters. Inflorescences may have a snow white and yellow tinge with an orange center. In the Canaries, this species is listed as endangered in the Red Book.
Argyrantemum maderense (Madersky) - shrub grows on the island of Lanzarot. It has dark green spatulate-pinnate leaves and light yellow or white inflorescences. The plant is listed in the Red Book of the Canary Islands.
Argyranthemum pinnatifidum (Variegated notch) - the plant has a high drought resistance. It grows on the island of Madeira. In height can reach one and a half meters. The leaves are large with notches along the edges, dark green hue. Inflorescences have white petals and a yellow middle.
Argirantemum sundingii - shrub grows in the Canary Islands. It has dark green feathery leaves that resemble sprig of dill. Flowers have white petals and a yellow center.
It is a spreading shrub with numerous numerous branches with feathery dark green leaves resembling dill twigs. Inflorescences of argirantemus have snow-white petals and a light yellow small center.
Argyranthemum tenerifae - shrub grows at the highest point of the island of Tenerife. It reaches a height of one and a half meters, has a spherical shape and flat dark green leaves. Inflorescences argirantemum large, with white petals and a yellow core. In appearance, they resemble a daisy.
Argyranthemum thalassophilum - The plant grows in Portugal, where it is listed in the Red Book. Daisy chrysanthemum is a sprawling shrub with green feathery leaves. Inflorescences may have a white or light yellow color with a bright orange core.
Argirantemum webbii - shrub grows in the Canary Islands, reaching a height of up to 30 centimeters. It is distinguished by density and spreading, has a dark green feathery, lanceolate leaf plates. Flowers look like chamomile, however, they can have both white petals and pale pink.
Argirantemum winteri - the plant is a dark green spherical shrub with large white flowers with a light yellow voluminous middle.
Argyranthemum cultivation and care in open ground
Argirantemums are quite fastidious plants. They love the cool and warm, but do not tolerate heat. It is very difficult to create conditions suitable for cultivation, and even if you grow a plant in a greenhouse, argirantemum will suffer from stagnant air and bright light.
When choosing a place for planting daisy chrysanthemums, try to find a site where there will be diffused lighting and the absence of direct sunlight. The shade does not tolerate the plant, as well as the heat, but loyal to the drafts.
Chrysanthemum also has a very attractive flowering and is grown during planting and care in the open field. The plant is not capricious, but still needs to comply with the rules of agricultural engineering. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.
The plant does not tolerate even minimal soil moisture, but it requires system watering.
The soil should be constantly slightly wet, it should not be allowed to dry as well as overmoistening.
Soil for Argirantemum
This part of care should be taken very carefully. For a flower, you should choose a light drained soil, which well passes water and eliminates its stagnation in the ground.
It is also worth considering the fact that argirantemum will bloom only in the nutrient soil. Do not forget about the acidity of the soil. The soil should be either neutral or slightly acidic. It is best to choose loamy soil.
If the plant grows in a container, then it should be planted in a substrate for flowering plants or a universal soil.
Argyranthemum should be transferred to the ground only when night frosts are completely excluded. Transplantation and planting is carried out very carefully so as not to injure the root system and at the same time maintain the level of penetration that is customary for the plant.
The first few weeks that the flower requires for rooting, watering should be intense, but the soil should not be overwetted.
Since the shrub blooms very abundantly, it should be fed, because without fertilizers the plant will simply die from exhaustion.
In order to enjoy the flowering period of chrysanthemum daisies, one should make mineral supplements for plants that grow in the open ground three times per season.
For pot argirantemums, fertilizer should be applied weekly from the budding period.
The bloom of argirantemuma falls on June and lasts until the first frost. Flowers on the bush a lot. They can have different colors from snow white to burgundy. There are varieties with blue flowers.
Many varieties of daisy chrysanthemum have a white color and in appearance resemble chamomile.
Argirantemum preparation for winter
Argyranthemum feels very close to frosts. About a week before their arrival, the plant begins to fade. If you do not want to preserve the daisy chrysanthemum until next year, then when the wilting process begins, dig it out and destroy it.
However, if you want to save the flower, dig it out, move it to the box with the new soil and put it in the room where the plant will wait the winter until spring. In winter, argirantemum should be moderately watered and maintained at a temperature of + 15 degrees.
Do not forget that the plant is actually a perennial, as in its homeland (Canary Islands) it blooms almost all year round, and a comfortable temperature contributes to its development, allowing the shrub to grow for many years.
Our climatic conditions do not allow the shrub to be a perennial, as the onset of cold weather leads to its destruction. But if you move the argirantemum in a comfortable environment for wintering, then it may well become the same perennial as in the subtropical climate of its homeland.
Argyranthemum growing from seed
The plant can be propagated by cuttings, and seed method.
Argirantemus seeds can be germinated by placing them under glass or film. When they germinate, they can be moved to containers, and when argirantemums are ready to be planted in open ground, and the threat of night frosts disappears, they can be planted.
Argyranthemum reproduction by cuttings
Eavesdropping is the best breeding method, since, thus, the varietal characteristics of the plant are preserved and the shrubs can be obtained more quickly.
Cuttings must be cut at the end of summer or early spring, while keeping the parental argirantemums in a cool and bright room until next year, when much better quality young animals can be obtained.
If grafting is carried out in the summer, the young plants should be grown in the room until the next spring, using the backlight. In order to avoid such difficulties, it is often the parent plants, rather than young plants, that are preserved.