To grow strong chickens that carry high-quality eggs, you need to take care of the diet of birds. One of the main components of proper nutrition of chickens can be called bran. Bran for laying hens is required for birds, regardless of age.
Bran for laying hens
Traditionally, domestic birds are considered picky and almost omnivorous. They are happy to absorb pasture that is found in the yard: waste from the table, worms, weeds and pet food remnants. But with such a diet, the hens will not produce enough eggs, and broilers will grow rapidly. Without a constant supply of bran and minerals and vitamins, chickens will not be able to nest, and chickens will slowly develop.
Bran for adult chickens and broilers differ from other feeds by some features:
- Bran is given to chickens because they contain about 80% of useful substances. It is especially important to supply them with chickens in winter, when their organisms are most susceptible to various diseases.
- Kurama give bran is because their main value lies in the high content of fiber in their composition. This substance helps to absorb important elements and cleanses the body of toxins. Giving bran to chickens is useful, because this feed prevents problems with the gastrointestinal tract. They improve the overall health of the hens and chickens, strengthen organisms and help overcome constipation.
- Feed the birds with bran advised after taking soft vegetable food. Food with the addition of waste from the milling industry should be served fresh. Such food retains its beneficial qualities for only 40 minutes. If you feed the chickens with a previously created mash of husks, the birds will feel a constant hunger.
- They significantly speed up the metabolism, which is useful for birds of any age. They promote the absorption of nutrients from feed into the blood and simplify metabolic processes.
- Wheat husk is a natural adsorbent. It helps to eliminate excess fluid from the body. If it is added to the diet of chickens, it is worth checking whether they have enough drinking water.
- It is especially important to feed the milling waste molting birds. During the plumage period, they need additional vitamins and minerals that wheat bran can produce.
- Bran for chickens can extend the sexual activity of layers. Wheat husk significantly increases egg production rates.
Bran contains vitamins and minerals necessary for chickens.
Ration of hens
Nutritional rates depend on the age of the birds. The share of bran for laying hens should not be 100% of the diet, 30-40 g per day (about 25% of all food) is enough per head.
The share of bran chicken meat type up to 50-60 g
Bran does not have a high calorific value, but contain many useful trace elements. Giving a wheat husk is worth it early in the day or early in the morning. It promotes the absorption of all substances contained in the composition of wheat husk.
If the birds are overweight, they are put on a diet of milling waste. Enough to replace half the daily norm with a mash with a high concentration of wheat bran for chickens. Enough weeks or two, depending on the degree of bird obesity, so that the chickens take off the excess weight.
In traditional agriculture in chickens that are under 60 days old, the proportion of such a product in the diet should not exceed 10%. Some farmers believe that even older broilers need only 12% husk.
Some people think that bran should be given to chickens more often. A recent experiment at one of the poultry farms near Rostov, which was carried out with the use of older chickens, showed that there should be about 30% husk in the broiler diet. According to the authors of experience, this approach to nutrition contributes to the preservation of livestock, helps to absorb phosphorus and calcium, fats and proteins. The weight of the chicks that are given the norm of the wheat husk stabilizes and grows.
Bran for any chickens is not the main part of the bird ration, but the waste from the milling industry will fit well into the menu of small chickens. No less important bran for broilers that have already grown. Their useful qualities will allow birds to quickly gain weight, to form a strong bones and high-quality plumage. In nurturing a healthy and strong generation of laying hens, the goal of every poultry farmer is.
The benefits of bran
When the grain is processed to produce flour, the grain is separated from the peel. Once upon a time, flour was obtained by grinding the grain with the shell. But today there are technologies, as a result of which, it turns out, to create the highest grade of flour (pure, without the slightest parts of the shell).
The resulting product of grain processing began to be used when feeding birds and animals. Also bran are a part of already ready compound feeds. The system of peeling leaves up to 80% of nutrients in it, which makes bran a very valuable feed. The composition contains: 9 vitamins, minerals, trace elements and other components that positively affect the functioning of the body.
The use of bran in the diet increases egg productivity, prolongs the period of egg production, increases the body's resistance to disease, gives the bird activity, improves the digestive system, increases appetite and digestibility of food.
Norma bran for chickens
Bran for chickens will not be able to harm the bird, if you follow the rules of the norm of putting them into the diet. Bran has a low calorie value and a high rate of fiber. Because of this, the time of digestion increases. Because of this, chickens spend a lot of energy on the digestive process. Therefore, this supplement should be included in the diet normalized.
1. Bran does not affect the increase in muscle mass,
2. Do not affect the rapid growth of the bird,
3. For meat and young chickens, the rate of input per day is not more than 30-40 g,
4. They are well suited to birds that need to be put on a diet if they have an excessive amount of fat mass. To do this, 50% of the dry grain is replaced by a mash of bran,
5. The best period for giving bran will be morning feeding,
6. In the diet for chickens bran should be no more than 20-25% of the total mass of feed.
Wet bran chaffers
Under the influence of high temperature bran do not lose their beneficial properties. In addition, this treatment makes the food better digestible. If you pour bran with hot broth, the bird will be able to assimilate it better than without steaming it. Temperature affects the fiber, slightly destroying it, but not touching the nutrients inside. Bran is better to use in the form of mash with vegetables.
Peel does not replace grain, but can be a good additional source of nutrients in the overall diet. You can not use bran as a mono product. For young chickens, bran is introduced in small portions. They are especially useful during the seasonal molting period. This will allow the bird to recover faster after resetting the pen.
Poultry farmers have noted the beneficial effects of bran on the bird's body. When normalized input allows to increase egg production, increase the period of productivity, as well as strengthen the work of the digestive system. And this has a positive effect on the absorption of nutrients from the feed, which leads to good growth and weight gain.
Daily consumption rate of bran bran
The amount of bran consumed differs for laying hens, chickens and broilers. How to give bran to chickens and laying hens. Bran should not be a separate type of food, it is only an additive to the mainstream people as an enrichment of the feathered ration.
Recommendations for the introduction of bran in the diet of pets:
- Considering that bran for chickens and for laying hens is a product with a low calorie content and a sufficiently high fiber content, it is important to remember the recommended proportions. Young animals and meat-type hens should not consume more than 30-40 g of bran per day. For hens this amount can be slightly increased.
- If the goal is to lose a little the weight of the birds after it is set, you can limit the birds in the diet by including bran with mash in their menu instead of half the daily feed intake. The second half should be kept in the main form.
- Consumption of chicken bran should fall in the morning and the beginning of the day. During the remaining time of day, the feathered organism will have time to digest food and assimilate all the useful elements from there.
- The percentage of bran in the chicken ration should not be more than a quarter (25%).
Knowing how and in what quantities it is possible to give bran to hens, chickens and broilers, feeding a pet will have no difficulty. The process of preparing mixtures (mash) for birds is also simple.
Here it is important to take into account the correct proportions and to mix bran and additives as thoroughly as possible. It is forbidden to exceed the volumes and to allow the formation of compacted pieces: broilers cannot eat such a mash.
How to cook bran mash
Layers, chickens and broilers need mixes of different composition, aimed at strengthening different organs and systems in the body of the bird. Everything also depends on the age of the birds: young animals need more vitamins and nutrients for normal growth and development of the body, and older individuals need less.
Mixtures to laying hens
Chickens that are raised to produce eggs require a proper diet which includes bran and mash for laying hens. It differs for the summer and winter periods and depends on how much time the birds spend in free-range. Let's start with the recipe for the summer time:
- 50 g of boiled root crops (potatoes, carrots, etc.),
- 20 g of bran or oatmeal,
- 5 g of legumes (green peas, corn, beans, etc.),
- 7 g of special fodder yeast or oil cake,
- 45 g of any whole grain,
- 10 g of fermented milk product (whey, curd or kefir),
- 1 g of fish oil,
- 3 g of chalk,
- 5 g flour (flour can be bone or ordinary, better not first grade),
- 0.5 g of salt.
This recipe is designed for 1 layer of middle age. The number of ingredients needs to be changed, depending on the number of birds on the farm, but it is important that each of them receive the right percentage of vitamins and nutrients. Now the recipe for the winter period of time:
- 65 g whole grains
- 10 g of bran,
- 100 g of boiled potatoes or other root crops (beets, carrots, etc.),
- 6 g legumes (green beans, peas, corn),
- 7 grams of oilcake or fodder yeast,
- 100 g of fermented milk products (whey is better suited in winter),
- 3 g of chalk,
- 1 g of fish oil,
- 2 g of bone meal,
- 0.5 g of salt.
Bran for broilers should be given to hens throughout their lives: from an early age to old age. But the chicks need completely different dishes, which will be discussed below.
The digestive system of chicks is very vulnerable, and therefore their diet should be as balanced as possible. Greens and bran in the menu of broiler chickens are also present, but in other doses.
Necessary diet broiler chickens
If the layer menu varies depending on the time of year, the broiler chickens - depending on age. During the first 2 weeks it is worth preparing food according to one recipe, and during the next 2 weeks it will be different. The menu for the first 2 weeks of pest life must be prepared from the following calculation:
- 16% medium-sized wheat,
- 50% corn dough,
- 14% makuhi
- 8% chopped barley,
- 12% serum or low-fat kefir.
Such food must be fed even young chicks in the first 14 days of their life. At this time, their body is still not fully grown to make normal, too heavy food.
And here is the menu for 14-30 days of bird life:
- 13% wheat flour,
- 5% special feed yeast,
- 48% ground corn,
- 19% sunflower meal,
- 7% bone or fish meal,
- 3% fresh greens,
- 1% feed cake,
- 3% serum or kefir.
Food according to this recipe can be given to broilers until slaughter, but after they reach the age of one month, you can switch to a more economical diet. Also at this time it is recommended to add in the bird ration premixes, fresh greens, cottage cheese or fish oil in small quantities.
The main thing is that the bird should fully and properly eat and drink enough water. In addition, the bran can be entered into the chicken menu periodically: during the period of maturing chicks, during the laying of eggs or in the period of molting. At the last point you need to dwell.
Bran for chickens during the molting period
Every year in the offseason, chickens start a molting period. Is it possible to give bran to hens during shedding? At this time, the body weakens and needs additional sources of nutrients. A great way to add vitamins and minerals to the birds menu is bran. During this period it is better to include this product at the rate of 30 g per 1 chicken head. You can also add sunflower oil cake, fish oil and other sources of minerals. This will help the birds to better shift the period of plumage change and prepare for the cold season, so the bran for chickens and chickens is the necessary food.
The farmer must monitor the condition of their wards.
Sometimes the hens do not need additional sources of minerals, their excess can lead to disruption of the functioning of the digestive system: it will not cope with the amount of incoming food. To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor that the chicken farm remains clean and the pets are fed. This is the key to good production.
How and what to feed the hens, in addition to bran
In addition to the mash with bran layers, you need to give a full feed. It must be balanced and properly selected for the type of bird. The principles of balanced nutrition for chickens are:
- An important building block is protein. It is part of all body tissues and is organogenic. In large quantities, protein is necessary for proper egg formation in laying hens and high-quality meat in broilers. In order to include it in the diet, birds need to be fed products rich in protein. They can be of plant origin (oilcakes, legumes, meal, etc.) and animal (bone and fish meal, shellfish, earthworms, etc.).
- A treasure trove of energy and beneficial elements are fats. They must be of high quality and include them in the form of corn and oats.
- Carbohydrates are required by the body for normal functioning. Chickens should be fed pumpkin, beets, carrots, potatoes and other root vegetables to replenish carbohydrate balance.
- Fish oil, green grass and yeast are a source of vitamins that the bird needs for normal development.
- In addition, laying hens and broilers should get enough minerals from bone meal, shellfish and wood ash.
There are also a number of foods that are strictly forbidden to eat chicken. It includes greened or missing potatoes and chicken meat.
The consumption of such food leads to the development of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the general indisposition of the bird's body. It is better to avoid the consumption of such products by the hens than to cure the birds for all the resulting diseases.
Giving bran can and should be given to chickens of any age. It is only important to choose the right ratio of products depending on the season or the stage of development of the bird. Bran help make the resulting products better: eggs become larger, and the breast gets a better look.
Breeding poultry "Don" of the Rostov region conducted an experiment to find out the effect of bran on the growth and development of young meat breeds.
During the experiment it was found that:
- optimal performance was achieved with a share of bran in the diet of 30%,
- the safety of livestock was 100% in the group that received 30% bran supplement, and 98% in the group whose diet did not contain bran,
- herd uniformity was 87 and 83%, respectively,
- bran has a positive effect on the digestibility of the feed, the digestibility of fats, the uptake of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus from the diet.
Can I give bran to chickens
When adding bran to the diet:
- egg production improves
- increases the period of productive use of poultry,
- decreases the incidence among livestock,
- nutrient absorption from feed is improved.
Bran provides the body with young fiber and additional vitamins, which is especially important in the winter. They contribute to the accelerated saturation of the body by improving the absorption of trace elements, and also remove harmful substances from the body.
How to give chickens bran
There are several ways to make bran bran. The easiest way is to dilute the bran with water to a very thick porridge and put it in the feeder, based on the norm of 20 g per 1 layer. Bran can be mixed with whey - this will increase the nutritional value of the mash. The composition of whey contains easily digestible proteins, lactic, citric, nucleic acids, trace elements and vitamins. A more rational way is to mix bran together with vegetables and grain components.
Features of bran diet
Bran as a battery has 2 key features:
- содержат большое количество клетчатки,
- положительно влияют на усвоение питательных веществ.
Повышение питательности кормов важно в холодное время года, когда организм птицы должен адаптироваться к холодам. In the fall, chickens begin to molt, the plumage prepares for winter, so the birds need improved nutrition.
Chicken of meat breeds are prone to excessive absorption of feed, due to this they quickly gain weight. The disadvantage of this diet is excessive fat deposition. To eliminate this disadvantage, bran is introduced into the diet, which will also limit the amount of grain.
In the diet of broilers, starting from 2 months, bran should be 5-10% of the diet. At the initial stage, the norm of bran - 5 g per 1 chicken per day. Gradually, the rate is adjusted to 30 g for an adult chicken.
Kuram in the period of molting
Seasonal molt begins at the end of summer or early autumn and lasts 1.5 months. The body at this time is very weak and requires intensive nutrition, high-calorie and diverse. The norm of bran for chickens during the molting period is 30–40 g. Sunflower oil cake is also added to the ration and the rate of compound feed is increased by 10–15 g per day.
In the mash molting bird add:
- fish and meat-bone meal - 5 g / day,
- serum - 10 g / day,
Autumn is rich in vegetables and fruits, which makes it easy to diversify the diet of feathery feathery apples, pears, plums and lots of vegetables - potatoes, beets, carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, melons, watermelons, cucumbers, etc. The source should be available Calcium - chalk, shells, eggshells, cottage cheese. They feed the birds 3-4 times a day.
- 1st feeding - grain ¼ norms,
- 2nd feeding - mash,
- 3rd feeding - ½ grain,
- 4th feeding - grain ¼ norms.
Grain can be poured into the feeders as it is eaten, so as not to attract rodents or wild birds - sparrows, pigeons, etc.
How to feed layers for high egg production
To increase egg production, vitamins A, D, E, B12 must be present in the diet.
Signs of lack of vitamins and ways to fill:
- A sign of a lack of vitamin A in the diet is a light yellow yolk. Pharmaceutical vitamin A is added to layers to drink.
- A sign of vitamin D deficiency is a soft and thin shell in eggs. To increase its supply, it is necessary to conduct a yeast feed. Yeast is the most optimal source of this element.
- Vitamin E deficiency results in low egg fertility, such eggs cannot be used for incubation. Vitamin E comes along with germinated grains of wheat or corn.
- The intake of vitamins of group B provide bran, legumes, cottage cheese, fish meal. This group is responsible for the mucous membranes, the digestive system and the organization of the egg-laying process. If egg-laying is difficult and the layer begins to shed without cause, these are signs of a lack of B vitamins.
If you add to the diet of pharmaceutical vitamins for animals, store them in a cool place, without access to sunlight. Remember that vitamins cannot be stored for a long time - they begin to break down.
Yeast can be sponge, straight and ferment. In all cases, a preliminary dilution of a portion of the feed with yeast is used, followed by the addition of the remaining portion. 20 g of yeast are dissolved in a straight-bottomed way in 1 l of warm water with the addition of 1.5 kg of crushed grain.
Insist the mixture for 6-7 hours, stirring occasionally. It is necessary to give such food fresh, at the rate of 20 g on 1 layer. Grains are germinated with warm water in a 1: 1 ratio. Grain germinates within 1–2 days and then is fed as a whole.
Video: how to increase egg production in chickens
What can not feed the hens
Layers are omnivores and will eat any plant or animal food found in nature.
But chickens, like other agricultural birds, are forbidden to feed people with food:
- baking and cakes,
- sausages, sausages and smoked meats,
- hard cheeses
- fish semi-finished products in any form - raw, fried, boiled, grilled,
Unsuitable for chickens grass, which is a raw material for the production of poisons or hallucinogenic, as well as one that causes the risk of poisoning. But in this matter, you can completely rely on the bird: as a representative of the wild nature, it accurately determines the grass it needs.
Milk-stricken bread is also unsuitable for feeding birds. It can be dried in the oven to the state of crackers, neutralizing the action of mold fungi.
Organizing food for poultry, it is important not to overdo it with the improvement of the diet and its improvement. Bran is a source of additional nutrients in the basic diet.
How are they useful?
Bran are peeled peeled grains, which are obtained by processing whole grains for flour. In ancient times, to obtain flour, they did not peel the grain, but grind it whole.
Now the highest grade of flour is considered the most purified, into which even the smallest particles of the shell have not penetrated. Therefore, the peel of the grains have found decent use. It is used in the preparation of combined feed mixtures and simply fed to birds.
Here are the main useful properties of the food component under consideration.
- The modern technology of flour production is arranged in such a way that during processing 80% of useful substances remain in the skins. They contain 9 vitamins, minerals, as well as macro and micronutrients, which are necessary for the body to fully function.
- The use of this additive in chicken leads to an improvement in egg production, prolongs the productive age, reduces health problems and strengthens the body.
- In addition, this feed supplement can improve digestion and prevent problems with the digestive tract. Helps relieve birds from constipation, normalize appetite and improve overall condition.
Tips about feeding chickens bran
It is worth remembering that the peel is not able to replace whole grains in the diet of birds. They can be a good addition, but not the basis of the daily menu. Add in small portions in the menu is especially useful for young animals.
Mushrooms with the addition of milling waste and greens are very much loved by growing chickens, and the components they contain have a beneficial effect on their health, stimulating growth and supplying all the necessary components for skeletal growth, muscle mass formation and plumage.
For the same reason, it is imperative to include a small amount of milling waste in the diet of molting chickens, who may have reduced appetite, but increased the need for vitamins and minerals.
The use of the product in question significantly enriches the summer and winter diet of chickens and has several advantages.
Due to the correct dosage of the supplement in the nutrition of chickens, it is possible to significantly reduce the risk of developing diseases associated with the disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to improve the productivity indicators for egg breeds.
Moreover, the researchers noted an increase in the life expectancy and productive period of birds due to the regular use of this product.
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