Starting a conversation about rambutan, I would like to note that this is a tree from the sapindov family. It grows in a tropical climate. Trees of this species are quite actively grown in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, as well as in Southeast Asia. But at the same time in each country culture has its own name. In addition, rambutan is still popular in Australia, Africa, the Caribbean, and Central America. However, the largest rambutan plantations are located in India, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and Indonesia.
What do the fruits look like?
Speaking of what rambutan is, it should be noted that the fruits of the tree are of the greatest interest. They are about the size of a hazelnut, while collected in clusters (up to thirty pieces). The rambutan bone located inside the fruit is not attractive at all. It resembles an acorn to taste.
The indigenous people of Thailand love rambutan and tell about him many beautiful legends. And in August, an annual celebration is held dedicated to this unusual tree. Although outwardly, it is absolutely not attractive. Due to the existence of a large number of species, it is even difficult to describe it. The tree is usually undersized, but there are both evergreen and deciduous forms. The fruits themselves may be in the form of berries or fruits. Outside they are covered with prickly sandpaper, under which there is juicy pulp on the bone.
The rind of the fruit can be red, yellow or red-yellow, and even burgundy. Externally, fruits look like our chestnuts, only have a different color. To try a tasty fruit, you need to remove the prickly shell and get the white gelatinous flesh.
In addition, rambutan is a fruit (the photo is given in the article) is very useful, it contains iron, protein, carbohydrates, nicotinic acid, vitamin C, phosphorus.
Because of the barbed shell, rambutan is sometimes called a "hair-dye." When purchasing such a fruit, you first need to pay attention to its color. Connoisseurs believe that they should have a rich red color, and the tips of the thorns themselves should be green. Rambutan is a perishable fruit, it can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than seven days.
Legends of rambutan
It is considered that rambutan is a Malaysian fruit, since the very name of the tree comes from the Malaysian word, which translated means “hair”. In the countries of South Asia, it began to grow many centuries ago. Gradually, he gained universal love. Glory came to him in the eighteenth century, when King Rama II himself devoted a whole ode to this wonderful fruit.
Around the rambutan always reigned a certain areola of mystery. About him lay not one beautiful legend. In particular, in one of them tells about the prince, who walked in a terrible mask of rambutan, and after the wedding, he turned into a real handsome man, due to the fact that the princess loved him for his beautiful soul.
Another, no less beautiful legend tells how rambutan found itself in Thailand. Malaysian prospector, who mined tin, moved to Thailand and settled in the south of the country. He took with him five rambutan trees. He planted seedlings in a new place, when they first produced fruit, some of the fruit was yellow, and some - red. They differed in taste. Some were bitter and others were sweet. And only one tree fruited with prickly red fruits, inside of which was an incredibly juicy white flesh. After some time, the prospector returned to his homeland, and after him a whole garden of unusual rambutan trees remained. Over time, the grove acquired the Ministry of Education. In the same places a school was later built, and the trees began to magnify school rambutans. The king himself is the patron of an unusual tree, not to mention the nationwide love of fruit.
It should be noted that it was the king’s support that made rambutan one of the most popular fruits in the whole country at the present time. A crop worth about $ 12 million is harvested annually. Also, every year in August, people celebrate a holiday dedicated to school rambutan, rejoicing in the success of the first five trees. This is the unusual story has a miracle fruit.
Useful properties of an exotic fruit
Speaking of what rambutan, you should certainly remember about the useful substances that it contains. These are vitamins B1, C, B2, proteins, carbohydrates, protein. And from the minerals it contains iron, phosphorus, calcium and nicotinic acid. Also in small quantities in the fruit is nitrogen, magnesium, ash, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc and manganese.
Rambutan, whose properties are difficult to overestimate, is very useful for digestion due to its valuable fibers. Of interest is the oil of rambutan, which is contained in the bone of the fruit of more than forty percent. It also contains arachidonic and oleic acids. If you heat the oil of rambutan, it gives off a very pleasant aroma. That is why it is used for making soap and other cosmetic products, as well as festive scented candles.
Taste the fruit
Rambutan is very useful for the body, it improves the digestive process and has a beneficial effect on the skin. In Thailand, it is believed that the fruit helps sick weak people, because it has nourishing and cleansing properties.
Rambutan, lychee something similar in taste. They are replaced by each other when cooking. Rambutan can be eaten not only fresh, but also canned. Often it is used as one of the ingredients for making salad. Locals prepare sauces, jams, compotes from fruits, which are then used to make pies, etc. In addition, rambutan gives a special taste to chicken, fish and meat.
But the leaves, roots and bark of rambutan are widely used in traditional medicine, as well as in the manufacture of dyes for fabrics. In Malaya, dried fruit peels are sold in all pharmacies as a remedy.
Healing properties of the fetus
In its raw form, fruits are used to treat diarrhea and dysentery. The fragrant pulp well soothes the inflamed intestines stopping the process of incorrect digestion of food. However, if the stomach is unfamiliar with the taste of this fruit, then it is dangerous to use it to treat intestinal problems, it is not known how the body will react to a new fruit.
In many countries, rambutan is used as an anthelmintic to help get rid of parasites. This fruit, without causing harm to the body, destroys worms.
The leaves of the tree are used to prepare poultices for headaches. The effect of the method has not yet been studied, but Thais are willing to use it. In Malaysia, the peel is used for the manufacture of various drugs. It is dried and stored until the new harvest. A decoction of the roots of the tree used in fever. Tinctures are also prepared from the cortex, which help with diseases of the oral cavity (stomatitis, boils). This broth is even recommended to use for young mothers who are restored after childbirth. Locals claim that by eating five fruits daily, it is possible to reduce the risk of cancer. Rambutan effectively lowers blood pressure.
Contraindications to the use of fruit
The first acquaintance with a new exotic fruit always begins with a small amount, since it is not known how the body will react to it. The stomach and intestines of each person have individual sensitivity. In addition, an allergic reaction is possible. For the rest, there are no contraindications to the use of the fruit.
Rambutan on the windowsill
Exotic lovers will be interested to know that rambutan can be grown from bones at home. This method is the easiest and most effective. If you create a plant proper care, you can get the fruit.
To get seed, you need to get a bone from a ripe fruit and dry it well. Next, it should be placed in a damp cloth, and the container with her put in a warm place. It should germinate bone. To do this, it is moistened daily. In a few weeks, it should germinate. That's when the sprout can be planted in a pot with a mixture.
A drainage layer is placed on the bottom, the nutrient mixture is poured on top. The seed is deepened and covered with earth. Top pot covered with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect, and removed in a warm bright place. Water the plant as the soil dries. Shoots should appear in a couple of weeks. And in a few months the sprout will reach four centimeters. When the plant grows up, it can be transplanted into a larger pot. It is not worth planting a sprout in the open ground, since this culture is thermophilic. In mid-latitudes rambutan is grown either at home or in greenhouses.
The cuttings of a tree brought from tropical countries practically do not take root here, therefore, to grow a plant from a stone is the most acceptable option. If you do not have the opportunity to bring a ripe fruit from the same Thailand and take the seed from it, then you can choose a ripe fruit in the store and try to germinate its seed.
It must be remembered that germination is quickly lost, so the fruit should be cut just before planting. To increase the likelihood of germination, you can soak the seed in a growth stimulator.
It is necessary to water a plant once in three days. He needs to provide the maximum amount of sunlight, but without direct rays. To maintain humidity, you need to spray the plant, because it is accustomed to a tropical climate with high humidity. The plant does not require any special conditions, so careful care is not needed.
The composition and beneficial properties of rambutan
Many people love the exotic, so they strive to try different original products. One such exotic fruit is rambutan. The fruit is widespread in tropical countries, and in Russia it is considered exotic. Some gardeners dream of growing it in their own window or in open ground conditions. For this event, you should familiarize yourself with some of the features of the structure of the fruit, as well as with the terms and rules of planting with the help of the bones.
Features of the structure of rambutan
Rambutan is an interesting exotic fruit that resides mostly in Southeast Asia, but also found in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. The plant is a huge tree, stretching to a height in natural conditions up to 25 m. When grown in gardening in a room, its height does not exceed 2 m.
Rambutan belongs to the Sapindov family lineage. The fruit got its name because of the top cover covered with a large number of hard villi. Each eyelash averages 2-3 cm.
- The plant is tall, its branches spreading. At the same time, the tree never loses its leafy plates, being rightfully considered evergreen.
- The leaves are oval-shaped, arranged on branches of 2-8 pieces, in pairs.
- The inflorescences of rambutan are inconspicuous, whitish, during flowering are collected in small bunches, thanks to this, after the formation of fruits, the latter are contained on the branch up to 30 pieces.
- A distinctive feature of rambutan is its ability to bear fruit twice during the year: in December and in July.
- When ripe, the fruit has a rounded shape, with a slightly elongated base. In length, the fruit reaches 5 cm, and in diameter up to 2.5 cm.
- Externally, the fruit is similar to hazelnuts, but its interesting color, performing a protective function, has distinctive bright colors: red or yellow. They change as the fruit ripens. Under the top skin there is a green shell, under which a jelly-like whitish core is seen.
- The pulp of the fruit is gelatinous, tender and juicy, the aftertaste gives off grapes, has a whitish or yellowish-white shade depending on the ripeness of the fruit.
Inside the fetus there is a knuckle. It is used both for growing new plants and for food. When used, the seed resembles an acorn to taste. But fresh knuckle is forbidden to use for food. It contains a harmful substance - tannin, which has the ability to cause intoxication of the body.
Preparation of capacity, soil and bone
If there is a strong desire to plant and independently grow a rambutan plant, then this requires the purchase of ripe fruit. Growing plants from cuttings does not bring results. Therefore, even trying to grow a full-sized bush from the cutting is not worth it.
Growing from seed does not carry difficulties; on the contrary, it has an interesting process.
To sprout began to germinate you need to pick the perfect fruit. It should be ripe, with no visible damage, dented dents. It should be free from damage to any disease or the appearance of the presence of a pest. When identifying such marks, you should choose the best option.
You should know that if you need to grow a plant from a drupe, then its preparation is required to do right before planting. This is due to the fact that during a long procedure of preparation, germination is lost from the seed.
Rules for preparing the bone:
- Pre-bone is cleared of pulp, all villi are carefully removed. This is required to prevent the process of decay of the left part of the fetus. After that, a clean, undamaged bone is washed under running water and gently dried with a soft cloth.
- Then, for better germination of the germ and the formation of the root system, it is recommended that the planting material be placed in a liquid with a growth stimulator for a time not longer than 2 hours.
- The last step, the newly washed bone is wrapped in cotton wool and laid out in a small container (a plastic cup is perfect from under a children's dessert) and placed in a room with a temperature not lower than +25 C in a well-lit place. It should be constantly monitored to keep the cotton wool moist, so it is watered from a spray bottle.
A young spine should appear over the next 14 days. If the process does not occur, this planting material can be thrown out and the germination procedure can be restarted with a new seed.
For planting it is necessary to choose the perfect soil:
- A special soil mixture is selected - alluvial soil. It is sold in flower shops, but often it is quite problematic to purchase it. Therefore, in most cases, gardeners have to make their own soil. You will need to take the universal soil and river sand of a large fraction and mix thoroughly.
- In depleted soil, the plant will not be able to grow qualitatively and rejoice with an abundance of hardwood plates. Therefore, it is worth it in advance in the soil to make nutrients in the form of organic matter and mineral components. Nitrogen-containing substances, phosphorus and potassium are added as mineral additives.
- It is important that the soil meets these requirements: it is well permeable to moisture and air, with an acidity of 4.5-6.5 pH.
The last step in preparing for planting a plant is a pot. Initially, it is not necessary to immediately take a large container, it is enough to take a pot with a diameter of 10-12 cm. This volume will be sufficient for the full-grown cultivation of the young sprout. Subsequently, if necessary, it will be possible to transplant the grown plant. The main thing is that at the time of preparation it is necessary to check the presence of drainage holes, through which excess moisture will come out. In their absence, the water will stagnate in the pot, causing the development of pathogenic bacteria and the formation of rotten areas on the root system.
Terms and rules of planting bones
It is best to plant the selected fruit in the spring, but in some cases it is required to plant in the autumn. After the bone is filled it can be planted immediately into the ground. At the bottom of a pre-cooked pot laid out drainage. For him, perfect sea pebbles, expanded clay or crumb broken red brick. Then fertile soil is filled to the brim. In the middle a hole is pulled out 2-3 cm from the surface of the earth.
Seed with germinated root gently separated from the cotton and spread on the surface of the soil. After sprinkling with earth, they well shed the soil. After the procedure, a plastic bag is put on the pot or glass is laid on top. This process is necessary to create greenhouse conditions, which contributes to the rapid germination of young cuttings. Periodically it is required to ventilate the pot, remove condensate and, if necessary, irrigate the soil surface.
It is important to monitor the humidity in the mini-greenhouse, so as not to provoke the development of fungal diseases, especially the black leg, which tends to completely destroy the plant.
After the germ appears, they immediately remove both the glass and the plastic bag. In the future, the seedling will need a little care. In addition, some gardeners believe that it is necessary to carry out the stratification of the stone. Для этого подготовленный посадочный материал вместо теплого помещения в небольшой емкости помещают в холодные условия, где температура воздуха не прогревается выше +2..+4 С. В таких условиях выдерживают растение в течение 3-4 месяцев.
The process favorably affects the further germination, as well as the increase in the immune forces of the future tree. After stratification, the bone is immediately placed in a pot, and they wait until a young sprout appears. Duration of appearance is 1-2 months. After germination of the germ, its development slows down very much in the first 2 months; it grows only 3-4 cm in height.
Recommendations for plant care
For the sprouted young sprout, as well as for the adult plant is required to perform the necessary care. If no care is taken, the exotic pet will quickly wither and die.
It is recommended to fulfill the following conditions for the favorable growth of rambutan:
- Lighting - the tree stands a tropical forest resident and needs a lot of sunlight. But at the same time, the midday baking rays of the sun for rambutan are disastrous. Therefore, a pot with exotica in the summertime should be placed on the east or west window, it is recommended to put the pot on the open balcony, but so that at noon the plant will be attached.
- Temperature - rambutan is a tree that naturally develops in hot tropical forests, so the optimum temperature in summer will be from +22 to +32 C. But in the latter case, you need to create wet conditions for living. Otherwise, the ground will dry out quickly, leading to the death of the root system. During the winter months, it is necessary to ensure that in the room where the pet is located, the temperature does not drop below +10 C.
- Watering - the introduction of nutrient moisture must be carried out infrequently and in moderate amounts. If you increase the watering, then there is the possibility of stagnant moisture in the rhizomes and the development of fungal diseases. The only thing is that while the young plant is growing, watering should be daily, but in small volumes, so that the soil is always slightly moist, but not marshy. In addition, excess moisture should be removed from the tray and periodically spray the plant leaf sheets. In summertime or in winter, when heaters are working and air humidity significantly decreases, it is necessary to put a pan with water next to the pot, which will gradually evaporate and stimulate the necessary humidity for rambutan.
- Fertilizers and fertilizing are necessary for the plant to develop actively and to bloom in the adult period. The introduction of nutrients is carried out during the growing season, starting in the spring. Every 10 days you should feed the plant, both minerals and organic, but fertilizers need to be changed periodically. Fertilizers do not need to be applied during the winter months.
- Trimming for rambutan is practically not required. It is carried out only in the case when there is a desire to give the plant a specific form. In other situations, the removal of excess shoots is not required.
By following the simple rules for the care of an exotic pet, you can get a beautiful, tall tree in indoor conditions. At the same time, favorable growing conditions make it possible to achieve flowering and fruit formation.
Everything you need to know about transplantation
The transplant of a young plant is carried out only after the sprout is fully strengthened. Such a process can be carried out on the 4-5 year of life rambutan. The procedure is required due to the fact that the root system becomes little space in the hatched capacity.
Digging a young seedling is not necessary. For transplanting is ideal transfer method. Previously, 1 or 2 days before the transfer work, the soil in the flowerpot is well spilled, but in moderate volumes, so that a marshy substrate does not form. On the scheduled day, the pot is gently turned over and in its hands remains a solid clod of earth with intact rhizomes.
You should not shake off the soil, if you still remove the ground, the plant will take root for a long time, get sick and may even die. Therefore, you only need to carefully examine the superficial roots for the presence of rotten areas. If these are available, they are carefully cut with garden tools. The latter must be well sharpened and pre-disinfected.
Fresh sections are sprinkled with crushed activated carbon.
Then a clod of earth is set in a prepared pot with drainage and filled with fresh fertile soil saturated with mineral substances. The plant is exposed in the central part, and the soil substrate is filled to the sides. It should be controlled that the neck of the tree is flush with the surface of the earth. In the future, the usual care for an adult exotic pet.
Possible problems with growing
Rambutan, cultivation at home which is not difficult, in most cases is a resistant plant, but if you do not care for it, then it can be affected by diseases and pests. In some cases, pathogenic bacteria of powdery mildew can develop on exotic plants. This disease is the most common and often manifests itself on shoots. If ailment is struck by leafy plates, then a dark shade appears on their ends, with time the foliage slowly dries out and falls off completely.
To prevent disease and protect the plant from death, it is recommended to treat leaf plates with chemical antifungal drugs. But with the fruits formed, one should choose either to withstand the fruit until full ripening, or to process and refuse to use the gifts of rambutan.
The invasion of parasitic individuals comes at a time when normal conditions for the cultivation of rambutan are not maintained.
Parasites occur when excessively dry and hot air. The most often affects leaf plates - moth. If a pest is detected in a small amount, in the early stages of colonization, it is better to remove the insects with your own hand using cotton wool or a soft napkin. They are collected and neutralized.
If the damage to the tree is already significant, then treatment with saline is carried out. If this method does not produce the expected positive impact, then the life of an exotic tree can be saved only with the use of Aktellik or Carbfors. If necessary, re-spray the leafy plates is allowed after 7-10 days. But after the treatment procedure, it should be remembered that subsequently the fruits are strictly forbidden to be eaten, they are saturated with a large number of toxins, they become very poisonous.
Fruit rambutan - what it looks like
Rambutan (see photo) is a tropical jelly-like fruit of an evergreen tree that is native to Southeast Asia. This is one of those food products, because of which the tourist will have to travel, since it is almost impossible to find it and taste it outside the countries of Southeast Asia.
The word rambutan came from Malaysia, which means “hair”, and that makes sense because rambutan (nephelium) is a bright pink, sometimes crimson fruit, growing in clusters, and very hairy. If you remove the peel from the fruit, then inside you can find a translucent, pearl-colored core. The core of the fruit is harder than that of Lychee, and the taste is sweeter with a little sourness and very juicy.
The rambutan fruit is very easy to clean with your hands without any devices, the rind is not at all prickly, as it may seem at first glance, the hairs are more flexible and elastic. Fruit has a deliciously sweet aroma, similar to grapes. Eating is a great way not to lose a lot of moisture from the body while traveling.
Extra bonus: the thick leathery hides of the fruit make it safe to use in countries where there is no drinking tap water.
The chemical composition of the fruit
Rambutan contains a large amount of vitamins, especially C, B group and the minerals calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, potassium, many among other trace elements of manganese, 100 mg per fruit. Manganese strengthens bones, regulates metabolism and helps lower cholesterol.
The uninitiated one might think that he would have to eat a fairly decent amount of fruit to get the full daily norm of the necessary manganese for health! But the thing is: these fruits are so tasty and refreshing that a person quickly loses the notion of how much he ate - especially if he visits Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, India, Cambodia, the Philippines or Malaysia under the hot sun.
Rambutan is very rich in iron, which is necessary to control the level of oxygen in the body. Iron helps prevent fatigue and dizziness caused by anemia.
In addition, the flesh of rambutan also meets 4.3% of the daily intake of phosphorus for the body. Phosphorus helps to filter waste in the kidneys, and is also necessary for the growth, maintenance and repair of all tissues and cells.
The beneficial properties of rambutan fruit for health
Russian herbalists, of course, have not studied tropical fruit, but rambutan and its benefits for the body are actively used in Asian phytotherapy. It was revealed that the inclusion of these fruits in the diet is useful in diabetes, hypertension, is used in the prevention of cancer and stimulate the immune system, as a means to get rid of worms, enhance lactation and recovery after childbirth.
In Thai medicine, they use both fruit pulp, seeds, peel, and decoctions of tree leaves, its roots. Thais consider the rambutan tree sacred to have magical powers. It is said about the fruit that its appearance is terrible, but the taste is divine.
So, how is rambutan still useful?
- Antioxidant and anti-cancer component
Fruits have in their composition and antioxidant components. This is not widely known, but a study conducted by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia on the topic “Antioxidant and anti-proliferative activity of inedible parts of individual tropical fruits” showed that rambutan can be effective against cancer. It has been proven that skin, seeds and fruits are effective against various types of cancer.
The skin of an exotic fruit is filled with antioxidants, which are really good for health. Many of the health stores use this and sell packaged rambutan peel extracts as dietary supplements.
- Protection against infection and bacteria
A compound called gallic acid is found in the skin of rambutan. Gallic acid can work wonders in eliminating the infection found in cells. It can also protect the body from damage caused by the oxidation process.
The antiseptic properties of rambutan were also confirmed by scientific research in Malaysia - the fruit can help protect the body from many bacteria and other pathogens.
- Source of vitamins and minerals
This product has many vitamins and minerals such as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, potassium, calcium, manganese, magnesium, iron, vitamin C and dietary fiber. All this is very important for the functioning of the body and protect the body from rapid aging in the long term.
- Removal of waste from the kidneys
Another very useful feature of this amazing fetus is that it helps remove waste from our kidneys. This is done using the phosphorus present in rambutane. Phosphorus is also necessary for the development, restoration and maintenance of tissues and cells of the body.
- Helps in the treatment of diabetes
The seeds of rambutan fruit have their own curative value. If swallowed, they can relieve the symptoms experienced by patients with diabetes.
- Improves sperm quality
Rambutan has a fairly high amount of vitamin C, it is also very important for the development of sperm. A possible lack of vitamin C in males can lead to a limited ability to reproduce fruitfully. This condition can be improved by a remedy that requires a person to increase their vitamin C by about 500 mg per month. It is known that in many cases it improves the quality and quantity of spermatozoa.
Fruit is very effective in reducing the fat content in the human body. This is due to the fact that the fruit is high in fiber (2 g per 100 g of fruit) and, at the same time, low in calories (calorie rambutan - 60 kcal per 100 g of the product). In addition, it has a high water content.
Because of this, while maintaining a low-calorie diet, hunger cases have significantly decreased. Seeds also help in weight reduction. In order to ingest rambutan seeds, it is recommended to crush them and mix with other foods. Alternatively, they can be consumed in very limited quantities and raw.
Hairy fruit rambutans are rich in carbohydrates and are famous for their protein content, which contributes to an almost instantaneous increase in energy levels when consumed. The high water content of fruits also helps quench thirst and regain lost energy. It is very suitable for runners and other sports players because of this property.
- Generation of red and white blood cells
Of the many nutrients contained in fruits, it contains copper, which is vital for the production of red and white blood cells in our bodies. Fruits also contain manganese, which is needed by the body for the production of enzymes and their activation. Enzymes are required to perform many biochemical functions in the body.
Another advantage of these fruits is that they help strengthen our bones. This is due to the fact that fruits are rich in calcium, phosphorus and iron. More healthy bones lead to stable growth and reduce the chances of fractures and other devastating bone diseases.
- Fights against constipation, as it activates intestinal peristalsis. And at the same time, there is evidence of the treatment of intestinal disorders.
- With regular use improves skin condition. Thai women make this plant anti-aging masks.
How to eat rambutan - video instructions how to clean
The peel is cut with a knife or you can press and it will crack on one side, pull out the fruit, inside there is still a hard bone, eaten raw white gelatinous sweet mass, the bone in an ordinary daily diet is thrown away.
But in Asia, the bones are roasted and are also successfully eaten.
Most of all benefit from rambutan in its raw form, but jam, jams are made from it, and sauces are made.
For a long time these fruits are not able to be stored, they disappear rather quickly, in the refrigerator a maximum of a week.
And the rambutan wonder tree and its unusual fruit are really interesting and deserve the attention of not only those who like to pamper themselves with exotic goodies, but also those who are keen on growing tropical plants at home. Try, experiment, share your successes and impressions!
What it is?
Rambutan literally from Malay means "hairy." This name exactly corresponds to the appearance of an exotic fruit. It grows on an evergreen tree. The fruit itself has a jelly-like consistency. So far, rambutan from Malaysia is practically not exported, so the chances of trying it anywhere other than Southeast Asia tend to zero.
The plant has another name - nephelium. The fruit is usually colored bright red, sometimes crimson. Rambutans grow in the form of bunches. If you cut off the peel, translucent, pearl-colored flesh is found. However, the pulp can only be called tentatively - the difference between rambutan and litchi is precisely related to the hardness of the core.
Fruit has a sweeter taste than lychee. It is easy to notice, however, a slight sour note. Ripe fruits are always juicy, contain quite a lot of seeds. Rambutan can be cleaned without a knife or some other sharp object. Although the fruit looks as if it is covered with thorns, the hairs are not at all tough, they are easily bent.
Those who have tasted rambutan, note that it feels like grapes. And this feeling is not accidental. Malay fruit also helps fill the lack of moisture. Thick skin allows you to protect the inside of the fetus from contamination. This property is very valuable for tourists who do not want to risk, being far from the aqueduct.
How and where does it grow?
Exotic tree can reach 25 m in height. It forms a sprawling crown. Rambutan is found in almost all countries of the tropical belt. It grows even in Australia. However, the leading position in the international market is Thailand. It should be noted that rambutan reaches heights of 25 m only in favorable conditions. Usually it is limited to 6-7 m. Many branches develop on a tree. Fruits resemble chestnuts or walnuts in appearance, the shape is a circle or an oval. The largest fruit size does not exceed 6 cm.
The skin of rambutan is relatively dense, and when the fruit matures, the coloring becomes only richer. Fruit harvest in the tropics is harvested in July and December. Breeders managed to bring up to 200 varieties that have fruits of various sizes, colors. Основным направлением в селекционной работе является уменьшение высоты дерева — пока что удалось снизить его до 4 м. Выведен ряд сортов, плоды которых не содержат косточек, однако, стоит заметить, что вкус рамбутана без косточек обязательно становится кислее.
Вкусовые качества и состав
Приятный вкус рамбутана — не единственное его достоинство. В мякоти фрукта содержится много витаминов, особенно аскорбиновой кислоты. Также малайский плод насыщен витаминами группы B. Велика и концентрация минеральных компонентов:
In addition to these components, rambutan contains a lot of magnesium. 1 fruit can account for up to 100 mg. Yes, to fill the daily need, you have to eat quite a lot of fruit. But in hot, hot weather it happens by itself. Good rambutan and high iron concentration.
The flesh of the fruit is quite rich in phosphorus. 4.3% of daily allowance per 100 g of product. Per 100 g of the product has 2 g of fiber. At the same time in the same mass of pulp contains no more than 60 kcal. Low calorie content along with high fiber and water content allow us to recommend rambutan for weight loss.
The properties of the fruit make it a useful element of low-calorie diets. Successful suppression of hunger helps prevent breakdowns. According to experts, rambutan seeds also give a good effect when losing weight. It is best to swallow them in a crushed form, in combination with other foods. It is possible to consume raw seeds only in extremely small quantities.
Benefit and harm
The beneficial properties of rambutan for hundreds of years are actively used in traditional medicine in Southeast Asia. Centuries of experience together with the results of biochemical research allows us to confidently say that this plant helps:
- suffering from high blood pressure
- people with impaired immunity.
There are benefits in the fight against parasites, as well as reducing the risk of cancer. In the past, Thai healers used almost all parts of the plant. They even used roots. One of the latest studies by Malaysian experts has shown that inedible parts of rambutan can be useful in the fight against already developed oncological diseases. This effect was found in seeds, fruits and peel - and, importantly, a positive result is achieved with a variety of types of tumors.
A high concentration of antioxidants in the peel slows the aging process. No wonder specialized companies and online stores are increasingly beginning to supply an extract from the peel of the Malaysian fruit. But this does not end the useful properties of the rambutan shell. Gallic acid contained in it successfully suppresses microorganisms. Even if they have already attacked the cells of the human body, this substance acts as gently as possible without aggravating the damage.
According to recent studies, gallic acid, along with other substances contained in the fetus, effectively fights microbes, viruses, and even pathological fungi. Due to the presence of phosphorus, kidney disposal of various wastes is facilitated. This trace element still helps to restore damaged organs and tissues. And if they are completely safe and sound, phosphorus will help prolong this situation. There is information, although not fully confirmed, that the ingestion of rambutan seeds improves the condition of diabetics.
Hairy fruit contains many carbohydrates and proteins. This combination provides an almost instantaneous replenishment of energy levels. And if you take into account the juicy flesh, this fruit can be safely recommended for engaged in sports and physical culture. Due to the presence of copper rambutan helps to improve blood formation. And this body function is equally valuable for those engaged in physical and intellectual work.
A significant amount of manganese allows you to increase the production of enzymes and increase their activity. Due to this, biochemical processes in the body will go faster, become more complete. The combination of phosphorus, calcium and iron helps to strengthen the musculoskeletal tissue. As a result, the risk of a fracture is reduced, and if it does occur, recovery is facilitated and facilitated.
Rambutan enhances peristalsis of the end sections of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, the risk of constipation decreases. But it is with this circumstance that the main contraindication of the tropical fruit is connected. It is not recommended to use it for those suffering from diarrhea, including those who have been exposed to food poisoning. The systematic use of rambutan improves skin condition, and based on it even makes masks for rejuvenation.
The bones of the Malaysian fruit are used to produce a unique oil. This natural liquid is in demand in the manufacture of cosmetics, shampoo and even soap. It is noted that rambutan oil inhibits hair development. That is why it is appreciated by those who often make hair removal. It should be noted that per day you can eat no more than 8 fruits. This is the maximum amount that only perfectly healthy people can afford.
If there is at least a small health problem, it is worth bringing the daily portion to a maximum of 5 rambutans. It is recommended to avoid the consumption of seeds that have not undergone heat treatment. Otherwise, they are bitter, and even contain substances with a narcotic effect. Toxins are also concentrated in the peel, because it, like seeds, should be used carefully.