Ostfriz gull is one of the most ancient German breeds of chickens.
Farmers were engaged in its breeding for many centuries, but now these birds are beginning to die out. Their place is immediately replaced by newer, more productive and more hardy breeds of hens.
Ostfrizian gulls were bred in Germany several centuries ago.
Among farmers, this breed very quickly gained popularity due to its good meat and egg productivity.
Modern breeders find it difficult to answer exactly which breeds of domestic chickens participated in the breeding. It is known for certain that farmers used local German hens as well as Belgian individuals. From the last Ostfriz gulls received high egg production.
Breed description Ostfriz gull
The rooster of this breed has a large and massive body with abundant plumage on it. The neck is of medium length; on it grows a long plumage, the ends of which fall on the shoulders and back of the bird.
Neck smoothly goes to the back, located at a slight inclination. The shoulders of the breed are wide, the wings are well pressed against the body. On the flat and wide lower back the long plumage grows, falling on the wings of the rooster of the Ostfrizian gulls.
The tail of this breed is held high, the plumage is long and abundant. Kosits rounded and long. Usually they are painted black with a slight green tint. The chest is set deep and wide, the abdomen is large and wide.
The head of a cock has an average size. The face is completely missing plumage. The comb is large, upright. It can have from 5 to 6 teeth. Ear rings average, almost round shape. Ear lobes are painted white. The eyes are small, red-orange. The beak is strong but short. Painted in light yellow color.
Due to the abundant plumage of the leg, they are poorly distinguished. As a rule, they are painted in light gray color. Fingers at roosters are placed correctly, have white claws.
In addition, the Hungarian Giant can compete with Hercules. About the breed from Hungary you can read here.
Chickens of the Ostfriz gull breed have a horizontal back, a round and full belly, and a large, straight-set tail. The comb is small, but it is always straight. The teeth are clearly visible. Ear lobes in hens are light.
Ostfriz gulls are known to German breeders for their good-natured disposition. These birds are calm, so they can be kept together with other chickens.
In addition, they have a well-preserved maternal instinct, so an incubator is not required for breeding Ostfriz chicken.
Chickens of this breed can easily withstand frost and sudden changes in temperature. They have a good thick plumage, which allows the bird to keep warm for a long time. However, young Ostfriz chicken needs additional care, as it does not tolerate high humidity.
Also to the advantages of the breed can be attributed good meat quality and high egg production. The fact is that German breeders tried to create the most ideal breed of chickens that could satisfy all meat and egg demands of their owners.
Content and cultivation
Ostfrizian seagulls prefer to live in spacious poultry houses with a large walking yard. And for their walks, you can use not only the usual courtyard, but also a garden, a vegetable garden, and any home territory.
The birds will find useful food for themselves, as well as be able to breathe fresh air, which favorably affects the egg productivity of this breed.
It is necessary to feed these chickens with special mixers containing barley, corn, wheat, chopped greens and mineral supplements. In the winter season, you can add vitamins to the feed, which will help restore the balance of all peace elements.
Feathers should be fed separately from roosters.as they add more chalk and eggshell to the feed. Roosters do not need such top dressing, as they do not lay eggs.
You also need to know that the young of this breed needs special feeding and maintenance. Chickens of Ostfriz gulls are vulnerable to the effects of high humidity, so they need to be kept in dry rooms.
The bedding in the place where the chickens live should be dry. Additionally, you can check the drinkers, as the young growth often splashes out water, and wet litter is an ideal place for habitat of pathogenic bacteria.
The total mass of Ostfriz gull breed roosters can vary from 2.2 to 3 kg. Laying hens of this breed can gain a mass of up to 2.5 kg. On average, they can lay up to 180 white-shelled eggs in their first year of production.
Each egg in the laying of Ostfrizian gulls weighs 50 g, but only the largest specimens should be selected for incubation, as only they contain enough nutrients for the embryo.
Instead of Ostfrizian seagulls in the territory of a private farmstead, you can get chickens of the Andalusian blue breed. These birds are characterized by a pleasant appearance and good egg productivity, so they can be purchased even in Russia.
Modern Russian farmers often plant Andalusian blue chickens to decorate the site, and eggs are used as a profitable supplement.
An analogue of the Ostfriz gull can be called the Brekel breed. This is the oldest Belgian breed of domestic chickens, giving the breeder a large number of eggs. Bracels are also a rare breed, but it can still be found on some private farms of Belgium, as well as in the collections of enthusiastic breeders.
Ostfriz gull breed of chickens
In the entire history of Germany’s existence, many highly productive and unusual chickens have appeared on its territory. The species we are considering also comes from this country. According to preserved records, birds were obtained about 3 centuries ago, and breeding work was carried out by simple peasants.
There are several theories as to who the ancestors of the winged beauty were, but they all have no scientific evidence. Even modern genetics can not accurately answer this question. Therefore, it remains only to assume.
It is precisely known that the aboriginal domestic chickens, which were grown by German peasants from ancient times, were involved in the selection. In addition, it was possible to establish the presence of the genes of the Belgian village Klush, which are also famous for their high productive rates in the masonry.
The considered Ostfriz gull breed of chickens falls into the category of meat-and-egg-type productivity and is considered absolutely universal. Today, its number has decreased by 5 times over several decades.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages are considered: unpretentious, beautiful appearance and of course, the presence of a well-developed maternal instinct. The disadvantage is poor performance, and, of course, rarity, which is why young animals are not cheap.
Today there are only a few farms in Russia, where you can buy incubation material, chicks or adult individuals.
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This type of poultry was bred in Germany, and the selection of breeds and their further crossing was carried out by ordinary peasants. The age of the Ostfriz Gull breed has been around for more than three centuries, but the exact figures are unknown, just as it is unknown which breeds of chickens were the progenitors of these unusual birds. Modern scientists have found that feathered representatives of Belgian breeds participated in the selection, as well as local subspecies of layers.