First you need to decide what type of celery you want to grow in your area. Today there are three types of them:
Leaf celery - grown for greenery, which is rich in vitamins,
Celery Root grown for the root,
Celery stalk - get juicy petioles.
After determining with the view, you need to pay attention to the selection of seeds, which are on sale today are a huge variety. It would seem that the whole difference lies in the appearance and agricultural technology. But in reality, celery of different varieties differs in application, taste, properties. Therefore, everything is individual and you will have to try several options in order to choose the suitable grade for yourself.
The most popular and popular celery varieties:
Root: Apple, Diamond, Maksim.
Stalked: Atlant, cabin boy, Malachite.
Celery leaf cultivation
The seeds of leaf celery germinate very slowly, and in the initial period of development does not show activity. Therefore, in this case, seedlings are the best way out. You can sow them immediately in the garden, it should be done in early spring. It should be noted that this culture is cold-resistant: both seeds and seedlings can tolerate small frosts.
Before sowing seeds, they need to be processed in advance. Each gardener has his own method, but the most popular is the soaking of seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate. After seeds are germinated on a damp cloth, and then sown in boxes. The soil should be from peat, humus, sand, and leafy ground. All this is done around the beginning of March.
As soon as sprouts and seedlings appear, it is necessary to create good conditions - ensure a temperature of 15 degrees and observe the light regime so that the seedlings do not stretch. After the appearance of two true leaves, need a pick. Seedlings or sowing seeds in street conditions are carried out in April - early May.
Growing stalked celery
The cultivation of peeled celery seedlings is similar to the cultivation of leaf seedlings. The difference is only when planting seedlings. The prepared material is planted in grooves, the depth of which should be 10 cm. This method favorably affects the formation of the stem.
Growing celery root
Celery root need only be grown by seedlings, because sowing seeds in open ground does not give the expected results - the root will not have time to grow. It is necessary to plant root celery for seedlings in February, because the vegetative period for root celery is 150-200 days.
Seeds must also be pre-treated. After soaking celery seeds must be dried. And only then proceed to landing.
Celery is best transplanted into the open ground in warm weather. You need to land at a distance of at least 30 cm.
All questions have already been resolved: how to process the seeds, when to sow celery. Now let's talk about proper care so that it will make you happy with a good harvest.
All three types of celery do not tolerate when a crust forms on the soil surface, so loosening plays a huge role. Also, the culture does not tolerate thickening, so experienced gardeners advise constantly weeding the bed from the weeds. You also need to remember about watering - the ground should be wet.
It is also necessary to feed the celery, fertilizing approximately 2 times a month. Give and mulch the soil. This will prevent rapid drying of the soil.
Leaf celery does not like a deep landing, likes to grow on the surface.
If you take care of the plant for the whole summer, the result will exceed the expectations and you will have a good harvest.
Self-bleaching celery varieties
Gold. From shoots to harvest passes 150-160 days. Petioles slightly curved, light green, low ridge, medium length, rosette weight 830 g, yield up to 5 kg / m2.
Malachite. From germination to harvest passes 80-90 days. Petioles are thick, fleshy, light green, slightly curved with a slightly ribbed surface, length 30-35 cm, outlet weight 1.2 kg. The yield of 2.8-4 kg / m2.
Tango. One of the best varieties, ready for harvest in 160-180 days. Petiole up to 50 cm long, bluish-green, strongly curved on the inside, without coarse fibers, outlet weight up to 1 kg. The value of the variety is high aromaticity, long preservation of the presentation, good taste. The yield of 1.9-3.7 kg / m2. The grade is steady against a tsvetukha and a rust.
Atlant. From shoots to harvesting takes 150-170 days. Petioles 40-45 cm long, rosette weight 300-340 g. Productivity up to 3.3 kg / m2. .
Male prowess. Promising variety, ready to harvest in 150-165 days after germination. Petioles are large, thick, light green, slightly ribbed, slightly curved, length 45-55 cm, rosette weight 560-650 g. Productivity up to 3.3 kg / m2.
Pascal. From germination to harvest takes 100 days. Petioles are light green, slightly curved, length 25-30 cm, outlet weight up to 450 g. Productivity up to 3.9 kg / m2.
Crunch. Ready for cleaning in 100-120 days after germination. Petioles dark green, fragrant, juicy, medium length. The yield of 2.9-3.2 kg / m2. Cold-resistant grade.
Utah. Ready for harvesting 160-180 days after germination. Scapes are powerful, dark green with a violet shade, curved on the inside, without fibers, weighing 350 g, 25 cm long. Very fragrant, long-lasting juiciness. The yield of 3.7 kg / m2.
Celery is an extremely healthy vegetable that is widely recognized by nutritionists. Celery varieties are quite diverse - the plants can be root, leaf and petioles.
In our country, mainly celery is grown. The main value of these plants is the root, but also edible greens. Celery celery does not form a large root, but it gives juicy petioles - they are used to make salads and other dishes. The leafy celery varieties actively grow greens throughout the season. The leaves are rich in essential oils and vitamins.
Celery varieties by maturity
Celery root varieties have the largest growing season (from one hundred and fifty to two hundred days the root is required for full ripening). Vegetation of leaf varieties takes the least amount of time - already sixty days after the emergence of shoots it is possible to cut the greens. The middle position is occupied by stalked celery (on average, maturation takes a hundred days). These figures are averaged - the growing season depends on the variety (plants are early, middle and late). The ripening period depends on the region where celery is grown.
Popular middle-early and early varieties of celery root: Diamant, Cascade, Apple, Gribovsky, Prague giant. Early petiolate and leafy varieties: Golden, Malachite, Sail.
The average time of ripening is inherent in the following varieties of root celery: Strongman, Albin, Gigant, Egor. Celery and leafy celery varieties with medium ripening periods: Tango, Spartan, Smoke, Gentle, Cheerfulness.
Late varieties of root celery are not afraid of frost and are suitable for winter storage. Here you can select such varieties as Anita and Maxim. Interesting middle-late varieties of stalked and leaf celery: Tiumf and Zakhar.
Celery varieties: recommendations by region
The climate of central Russia is characterized by moderately snowy winters and humid summers. Popular root varieties: Golden Feather, Root Gribovsky, Alabaster, Anita, Apple. The most interesting petiole varieties: Atlant and Jack.
The best celery varieties for Siberia and the Urals are: Utah, Pascal and Malachite (petiolate), Cheerfulness, Kartuli and Leaf (leafy), Russian size, Anita, Esaul, Egor, Yablochny, Gribovsky and Strong (root).
Celery variety Anita
Anita is a root variety that is interesting both for central Russia and for Siberia. It has a high yield, well kept, has a good taste, is not afraid of frost. The ripening period is medium late. The root crop of this variety has a fairly large size (average weight - 300-400 g). The surface of the root is greyish-white, and the middle is white.
Top Celery Root Varieties
The best are the varieties with good yields, not afraid of frost, forming large roots with a small number of side roots. We recommend to choose such varieties as Russian size, Invictus, Snow globe, Delicacy, Zvindra, Prague giant, Alabaster, Esaul, Egor.
Celery variety Albin
Interest is a sort of Albin. The ripening period of root crops is medium. Variety gives good yields. Root crops of round shape reach 12 cm in diameter. There are very few lateral roots. The flesh is colored white.
Celery variety Diamond
Celery root varieties with no lateral roots is Diamond. The growing season takes from 150 to 165 days. The plant has short stalks and large leaves. The mass of root crops reaches 200-300 g. The rind has a yellowish-gray, and the flesh has a white color. The plant is resistant to bolting.
The best varieties of stalked celery
Popular varieties that are not afraid of frost, have resistance to disease, give juicy petioles with good taste. The most popular varieties are Pascal giant, Golden Feather, Utah, Malachite, Tango, Triumph.
Celery variety Golden
A popular self-bleaching variety of stalked celery is called Golden. It ripens in the middle of early periods (the growing season takes 150-160 days). Celery stalks of this variety are rather long, juicy, tasty, dense.
The best varieties of celery leaf
Good leafy celery varieties are distinguished by abundant greens with excellent taste characteristics. There are well-proven such varieties as Cheerfulness, Spartan, Zakhar, Gentle, Sail, Samurai, Local, Kartuli, Impruvd Green.
Celery variety Cheerfulness
Mid-season variety Cheerfulness reaches technical maturity in 65-70 days. Glossy strongly dissected leaves of this variety have a pleasant aroma. The variety is not afraid of droughts and frost.
Celery varieties are diverse, so it is extremely difficult to select the best among them. In choosing a variety, it is worth being guided by the characteristics that are important in each specific case (for someone it is winter hardiness, for someone high yields, etc.).
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Choosing celery varieties: the first criterion is who is the most precocious
The choice depends on the destination: for storage, we choose late, middle-late and medium ripening. For the early, fast-growing, for fresh consumption, for sale - for the fresh market - the earliest most profitable.
Early Celery Root - varieties that produce root crops in technical maturity after 140-160 days after germination. It is not suitable for long-term storage: it deteriorates quickly, the skin is wrinkled, the pulp loses juiciness. To preserve them at its best until the spring, you need a well-equipped vegetable storehouse. More often grown for fresh consumption, for sale - for the fresh market, for processing, canning. Despite this drawback, early ripening celery will please the first heads earlier than the others for 2-4 weeks.
Celery medium ripening (up to 170 days) not so capricious: subject to long-term storage without loss of quality. Among them there are worthy representatives with bright taste, fragrant pulp, large neat heads without hair of adventitious roots.
Late grades of celery, as they call the culture in Ukraine, habitually frighten the hapless gardener. And in vain: the head ripening for 180-200 days is perfectly stored almost until the next harvest. And the plants themselves are well tolerated by frost - returnable, small and short-lived, but tolerated. As for high frost resistance - rumors about it are greatly exaggerated.
In late autumn, the above-ground part, even under shelter, will dry out from the frost: the vegetation of the thermophilic plant stops. That is why the harvest is carried out before the onset of sustainable freezing - and best of all before the first sub-zero temperatures.
Caution: lateral roots
Do not plant old varieties. Basically they give a huge amount of side adventitious roots. In the fight against this, gardeners unravel the rhizome to stimulate growth, and excess roots are cut off at a bare root. They take food, do not allow to gain mass to the main root.
Most new varieties form a negligible number of side roots - specify this subtlety in the description of celery varieties.
Celery root in technical maturity, no adventitious roots
Varieties with a large number of lateral branches. An example of this is Apple celery: old, with small root crops, but with a huge amount of lateral roots. Gardeners cut them off at the stage of formation. But you need a monkey work - choose for yourself. It is better to choose a new Russian or Dutch selection, which are many, not forming a huge beard.
Celery varieties without lateral roots or with small branching:
- Early and Middle Early: Diamant, Cascade, President, Prague Giant, Yegor, Yesaul, Russian Size, Albin.
- Late varieties of root celery are grown for long-term winter storage. They are not afraid of the first cold weather. Of them can be called varieties Anita, Maxim.
It all depends on the climate
In the southern and central it is advisable to cultivate both early and late: for the early fresh market and for storage, the culture will have time to invest in time. It is more difficult with the northern regions: too late, if not sown on time, will not have time to go through the whole vegetation cycle.
Too early - will fall under the return frost. We are looking for a middle ground: in cold regions - middle-early and late, early ones - in closed ground or with a closed root system until the soil is fully heated.
Regarding climatic conditions and regions: for Siberia, the Urals are suitable varieties of celery Russian Size, Egor, Yesaul, Strong.
For Central Russia, central and northeastern regions of Ukraine, Belarus - Diamant, President, Gribovsky, Anita, President, Apple
This is the width, this is the height: the largest
There is often no limit to the outrage of gardeners and farmers: as it is, in the description of the root celery variety, the largest is indicated, its weight is from 1 kg to 2.5 kg! And at the exit, miniature heads of 80-100 g. No, they are not deceiving us. This is the harsh truth of life: not what you sow, you reap, but how you sow and feed you.
Buying a bag of seeds with the inscription that you buy the largest celery varieties is not a guarantee that you will actually see them. Attention, we open cards, we inform secrets.
- Planting density: distance at disembarkation: the distance between the rows - 40-50 cm, if possible, from 30 if necessary. The distance between the plants in a row Reducing the area of nutrition, lack of moisture, overly close growing roots - all this affects the size.
- The lower leaves, as well as those that have bent at an angle of less than 45, should be removed.
- Lateral petioles growing below the growth point: they are cut off. Since the celery head grows up, with full maturity, these places where the petioles were located are located exactly in its center. Consequently, they restrain growth, girdling - and food distracts on themselves, and deform the correct form.
- Racking up: at the beginning of August, the land is raked by 1/3, removing the exposed side roots.
- At least until August, do not remove the leaves: without them, the growth of the root will slow down.
- Top dressing: at least twice the introduction of the mineral complex - during planting with the inclusion of nitrogen, in July - phosphorus + potassium + trace elements. Nitrogen inhibits the growth of rhizomes, stimulates the growth of the aerial parts, lateral branching.
Choose - the taste, color and size!
Prague giant up to 3-3.5 kg the largest copies, on average, in the range of 1-1.5 kg.
Diamant - with moderate agrotechnics up to 1.5 kg, the largest with intensive dressings reach 3.5 kg.
The president is a Dutch celery variety, pleasing with large root crops up to 2-2.5 kg, resistant to diseases, neat in shape, lack of adventitious roots, or a small number of them.
Russian size - the name hints justified on a weighty root vegetable. At the stage of technical maturity reaches 2.5-3 kg - this is a real giant. Reviews of gardeners about him can be trusted, but this does not mean that he will grow up with you exactly like that. These are maximum yields, and directly depend on the agrotechnology of cultivation: on the density of planting and soil acidity, the presence of drip irrigation and fertilizing - a lot of what.
Prague giant: description, reviews
Refers to medium-early varieties (up to 120 days). Large - diameter up to 15 cm, from 200 to 500-600 g, in some cases and more than 1 kg - with free landing, intensive dressings up to 2.5-3 kg. The pink form, the flesh is light, cream-colored with a bright pronounced aroma. Used fresh, for canning. Aerial part up to 70-80 cm, half sprawling, up to 25 leaves.
Отзывы о сельдерее Пражский гигант в основном положительные: крупный, придаточных корней мало, правильная аккуратная форма, высокая урожайность.
Early Dutch (Rijk Zwaan) variety of celery, pleasing with large root crops up to 2-2.5 kg, resistant to diseases, neat shape, lack of adventitious roots or their small number. Rounded, with white pulp - according to reviews, one of the best. It is recommended by farmers of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus as the most promising variety - and, of course, by European representatives of medium and small agribusiness.
Mid-season Dutch (Bejo) variety of root celery with a stable yield. Vegetation period up to 150 days. Semi-sprawling plant, medium-height leaves are bright green, without anthocyanin. From 200-350 g to 1-1.2 kg, yield 2.3-4.9 per m2 - depending on agricultural technology. The leaf is dark green, bright, powerful, medium height, vertically directed. The accessory roots at the bottom of the root are practically absent.
Grade Diamond resistant to bolting. Round, smooth, adventitious roots are extremely few - which provided reviews as one of the best. The flesh is perfectly white in color, it does not darken during heat treatment. Resistant to strelkovuyu, tsvetushnosti, to septoriozu. The recommended landing pattern of 35x40 cm and more - does not like compacted landings.
The medium early celery variety Cascade has a growing season of up to 150 days. Root crops are round, with white juicy flesh, not losing the white color during heat treatment. Known to gardeners and farmers as fruitful, with a pleasant taste, unpretentious in cultivation.
Very early - 140-160 days. Low, up to 50 cm, semi-sprawling plant. Does not apply to large - its head weighs only 80-150 g. Of the minuses - a lot of accessory roots. Fans of giant varieties will be disappointed, gourmets and connoisseurs of miniature neat heads will appreciate the high taste. Miniature celery Apple yield: about 5 kg / m2. And it also has a snow-white flesh, sugary, juicy and tender. Very fragrant variety - even leaves collected in a neat outlet have an intense smell, used in salads, cooking culinary delights. Reviews as a variety, which can be grown in amateur gardening in small quantities - its excellent taste makes respect for the breeze of the celery field.
Medium ripening. From germination to technical maturity 170-180 days. With m2 yield up to 3-3.5 kg, weight from 100-150 to 600 g, depending on the density of planting and other agricultural techniques. Immersion average, pulled out easily. Lateral roots are located in the lower part - one can say without them.
Root crops are rounded with a raised, elongated upper part, smooth, cream-gray, slightly yellowish with a slight green tinge at the top. The flesh is white, dense. Bright taste, pronounced flavor - this is not the main value of the variety. High sugar content - its juicy pulp has a high taste. And also - excellent keeping quality: suitable for long-term storage. According to most farmers, he should be in the field and in the garden.
Listed as a late varieties. Productivity Anita high - 3-4.5 kg / m2 and higher, depending on agricultural technology. Large on the background of analogs - up to 400 g. The vegetation period from germination to the presentation of root crops is about 160 days. The leaves are erect, bright green, long stalks. The shape of the fruit from oval to round. The skin is light, creamy gray, snow-white flesh - just dazzling. Taste is excellent sweet, juicy, with fragrant characteristic mushroom aroma.
Suitable for long storage. Resistant to bolting.
One of the latest, celery variety Maxim pleases with juicy and strong root crops in 200-220 days - the vegetative period is extended. But it is worth the wait: the weight of root vegetables of celery root Maxim is up to 450-500 g. The flesh is light cream, slightly yellowish, fragrant, sugary, with a delicate aroma. Ideal for long-term storage - does not lose taste, stored for a long time, maintaining excellent aroma and juiciness. The recommended planting is sparse, according to the scheme of 35x40 cm. Landing in the soil at the end of May, the time for planting seeds is beginning to middle of February.
Of the minus celery Maxim - root vegetables form a certain amount of lateral roots.
Albin mid-season, with rounded heads up to 10-12 cm in diameter, weight up to 400-600 g. Gives few lateral roots. Peel with a delicate greenish tinge at the top, white flesh, great taste and smell. Vysokozhzhayny, stable - according to reviews, more than a worthy choice.
Udinka (breeding NIISOOK), medium early. Weight 210-450 g, yield 3-3 32 kg / m2. Depending on the region, 130-160 days. Habitus is semi-sprawling, the rosette of leaves is erect, the height of the petioles is 22-30 cm, the side roots grow at the very bottom. The shape is round, the flesh is fleshy, white, tasty, with a high sugar content. The diameter of the root 10-11 cm, height 7-9 cm, with full maturity is half immersed in the soil.
Gribovsky - average late, 180-190 days. Form from round to rounded elongated. Lateral roots are insignificant, weight is from 200 to 600-700 g and more.
As you can see, the choice of celery variety depends on many factors - let's hope that our description will be useful in this difficult task for a gardener and a farmer, who are starting acquaintance with this whimsical, but surprisingly appreciative culture. Not all the best representatives of the assortment are listed - perhaps you have already found them. Or maybe - still ahead of a generous harvest, successful searches!
Celery - the secrets of a rich harvest
Vegetative period of celery is 180–200 daystherefore, seeds can be sown immediately on a bed only in the southern regions, in other areas you need to use seedlings. In the beginning of March soak the seeds in a solution of boric acid 0.2 g per 1 liter of water, and after a day, wrap them in a damp cloth before spitting. Seeds germinate slowly, approximately two weeks, make sure that the fabric was all the time wet. If you want to speed up the swelling, use water to soak, oxygenated.
Seeds are laid out in boxes filled with fertile earth, and sprinkled with a layer of humus. After the appearance second real leaflet plants diving in separate cups. One week before transplanting seedlings take out to the balcony for hardening.
In the middle of May You can plant sprouts in the garden. Celery loves wet fertile soil with neutral acidity. If the land of your site is sour, when digging in the autumn, add lime or ashes to it. No need to add fresh manure to the groundotherwise the root crop will start branching. The best option would be to put celery on the beds, where last year they grew vegetables fertilized with organic matter.
In case of spring digging, apply complex fertilizer with microelements to the soil. The distance between the rows should be about 40 cm, and between plants - 15 cm.
Celery is very demanding of moisture and in dry time it needs regular heavy irrigation. During the growing season it is desirable 2-3 times feed plants slurry with complex fertilizers dissolved in it.
Stems of petiole celery will become more tender and devoid of bitterness if to whiten, i.e wrap the bottom of their paper or straw. You can fill the stalks with earth, but the taste in this case will not be so tender. Tuber varieties remove the lower leaves, the root crop will develop better.
How to clean and save celery
In the summer, most of the leaf and stalked celery will be eaten, the remaining plants will be removed when they are reach a height of 30 cm. Tubers are digging up at the end of September. Several root vegetables can leave in the groundhaving covered with straw, in the spring they will please you with early greens. You can also plant the tubers in flower pots and put them on the windowsill, in winter they will supply the whole family with vitamin leaves.
The rest of the root vegetables need cut the leaves and bottom roots, put into boxes, sand and store for storage in a cool room, the temperature in which should be from 0 to + 1 °and humidity is not less 90%. Leaves and scapes are placed in a refrigerator in untight plastic bags. Tubers can persist until spring, and ground parts can be no more than a month.
What kind of prefer
A variety of varieties of leaf, stalked and tuberous celery allows each summer resident to choose plants suitable for him, both in taste and in the features of the garden plot.
- Gribovsky - medium late variety, vegetation period of 180–190 days. Root crop weighing about 150 g with a delicate flavor and dense flesh.
- Diamond - mid-early variety with a period from germination to harvest about 150 days. Resistant to bloom. Pulp after cooking remains white.
- Maksim - late variety, growing season over 200 days. Root vegetables weighing up to 500 g are well preserved without losing taste.
- Gold - sredneranny grade, a plant high, scapes juicy, not demanding bleaching.
- Tango - mid-season variety, the period before the onset of technical ripeness is about 160 days. Bluish-green stem without fibers. Very fruitful, well kept.
- Cheerfulness - mid-season variety. Not afraid of drought and low temperatures. Fragrant leaves can be cut several times over the summer.
- Gentle - mid-season variety with a semi-vertical rosette and lots of side shoots. Suitable for growing in an apartment in flower pots.
- Zahar - early ripe grade. High and large rosette with leaves that grow quickly after cutting.
Celery can be cooked many delicious and healthy dishes: salads, soups, side dishes. The savory taste of this plant allows you to reduce the amount of salt in foods that use celery. Teach your elderly relatives to include it on the menu every day, and for many years they will stay awake and healthy.
Benefit "from chords to roots"
Most often, in our country a biennial celery plant is grown, which bears fruit in the form of roots and greens for the first year, and in the second - celery blooms and forms a fruit with seeds.Growing leaf celery in the countryCelery stalk - Junga, Malachite, Golden, White feather,
This variety of root celery ripeness occurs after 200 days from the date of emergence of young shoots. A small amount of lateral roots is formed on the rounded root crops. Dense pulp of creamy-white color has a delicate savory taste, the mass of root crops reaches 500 g. Maxim variety is excellent for long-term storage.120 days passes from the first shoots to the technical ripeness of celery. Root crops have a rounded shape, with a diameter of about 12 cm, white skin in the upper part of the spine has a greenish tint. The main part of the root variety Albin stands above the ground, the root system grows only in the lower part. Albin has an excellent yield, it is possible to use the roots in fresh and cooked form, the white flesh is resistant to the formation of voids.From the moment the shoots appear, 120 days have passed before the ripening of the root crops. In the variety of Prague giant, the roots are large, repovidnymi, with delicate bright flesh. Roots have a strong aroma and bright taste.
. Early ripe high-yielding variety with half-spreading greens. Delicious and aromatic herb.
. Mid-season variety, with smooth, long shoots of a bluish tint. Plant medium size, light green. Retains freshness and presentation for a very long time.
- The most common varieties of this species are as follows:. High-yielding variety in demand in many countries. The plant is collected in a compact, upright or semi-sprawling bundle up to 60 cm high. In one plant there are 20-26 leaves. Root crops are large, up to 800 g.
- Celera is, as much as a grass, in nature - a two-year-old, in a domesticated form - an annual one. Depending on the life form, one or another of its parts is used as food: tops, stem or root crop. Salads, soups, garnishes are made from the stems and roots, and fresh or dried leaves serve as a universal fragrant seasoning for various dishes.In this way, juicy green petioles are freed from possible bitterness and become more tender, the cultivation method bears the original name - bleaching of petioles. Bleaching is also supported by another special method: 12-14 days before harvesting, the petioles are tied into a single bundle and wrapped in paper, while celery is removed before frost.
- Celery leaf is considered to be a fairly cold-resistant plant that can tolerate frosts or even hibernate as an adult without lossCelery root - Maxim, Diamant, Esaul, Gribovsky, Apple.
- Growing celery at the cottage Growing celery at the cottage is not difficult, which means that we can adopt the advice of specialists, learn agricultural technology and start working that promises good results. So, the cultivation of celery on Dacha Decor.
- Strong manCelery cultivation video
Golden featherDelicateRegardless of the celery variety, this wonderful grass contains a lot of vitamins, mineral salts, essential oils, amino acids. Honorary place in the list of celery nutrients takes
Thus, cultivation of stalked celery from seedlings, general agricultural technology and harvesting do not practically differ from other types of celery, except for the moment of hilling and winding with paper for bleaching.
Due to the very long growing season, the cultivation of celery root is desirable to produce only seedlings. Growing root celery from seeds occurs almost as well as leaf celery, you only need to plant the crop a month earlier, after having prepared the seeds well.
- Among the varieties of plants presented, you can choose absolutely anyone, since by creating certain conditions and observing the agrotechnology of growing celery, you can get good results. But pay attention to what kind of plant you are most suited to, early or late.Perhaps we should start with what celery is. It is a member of the Umbrella family, a vegetable crop and a herbaceous plant, which may be biennial or multiyear. More than twenty plant species are found throughout the world, but only a few are considered the most popular among them.After 170 days after germination, the roots gain weight up to 400 g. The roots are large, round, white with a slight yellow tint. White flesh is rich in sugars and mineral salts, has a bright aroma. The leaves form a semi-raised rosette, the lateral roots are located near the Strong variety low.Diamond
- Mid-season variety with fragrant mid-glossy leaves. It has many lateral processes.The plant is 65-70 cm tall with fleshy, juicy petioles. Used as an additive to side dishes, salads and soups.
- . Stems erect, up to 50 cm tall, plates weakly grooved. Stems are yellow-green, wide. By the end of the growing season, they acquire a golden yellow color, thereforeC. Forms a spreading rosette of 25 dark green plates. Root crops are round-flat, with a huge number of lateral roots. The total weight does not exceed 600 g.
- PotassiumCelery stalk: planting, care, harvest
- Also, there are certain peculiarities of growing celery root, among which there is a double picking during transplanting, the correct preparation of seedlings and fertilizer to enhance growth and harvest strength for the season.Which celery to choose for growing on your own site?
- Most often, in our country, a biennial celery plant is grown, which bears fruit in the form of roots and greenery for the first year, and in the second - celery blooms and forms a fruit with seeds.Celery photo
After a growing period of 150 days, rounded, smooth root vegetables ripen, their average weight is 200 g. Celery root pulp Diamant perfectly retains its white color after cooking. The variety has a strong dark green leaves and resistance to bolting.
- Leaf celera is a plant with thin, spindle-shaped roots and short petioles. Prized primarily because of the lush greenery. In appearance it can be confused with parsley, but in celery it is larger. It contains many vitamins, so it is not only fragrant, but also a useful spice.Feather
- Apple celery. Low (up to 50 cm), semi-sprawling grass. It has rounded, slightly oblate porous root vegetables with white flesh. The whole lower half is occupied by fibrous shoots. The most precocious variety, its maturation lasts only 140-160 days. Maximum weight - 400 g, Strengthening bone tissue, as well as participating in blood coagulation processes. Root improves eyesight, relieves stress and irritability, lowers blood pressure. With its frequent use, metabolism is normalized, the condition of hair and skin improves.
- If we talk about the cultivation of celery as a whole, the plant prefers quiet places with fertile soil and good light.Рекомендуем также задуматься о самом виде растения, от которого вам необходим именно корень. Of course, in the process of growth, you can collect celery leaves, but it is worthwhile to limit the amount of harvest to a minimum, since only at the end of the season, the main organic matter from the leaves will begin to accumulate in the roots. In the other case, a good harvest can not be obtained.
- First of all, watch for timely cleaning of weeds between rows of planted plants, as well as systematic watering.First of all, I would like to indicate the main types of celery, which we will talk about today. This is celery leaf, celery stalk and celery root.
- Low, semi-raised grass of high yield. Greens neopushny, gentle, quickly grows after a hairstyle. Fully ripens in 90-100 days after germination.The most popular varieties of leaf selenium include:
- Called self-whitening. It grows up to 2 kg.Gribovsky root
Root seed has fleshy, thickened roots of a rounded or elongated shape. Petioles hollow, leaves thin. Its most tasty part is
Popular varieties of root celery, which is better to choose for growing on the site?
Cultivation of celery from seed to seedlings, cultivation of stem celery, or even subsequent cultivation of celery root can be undone due to pests and diseases that attack plants throughout the maturation period. Correct agricultural practices, as well as prevention, can counter them.
Middle-early celery root varieties
Growing root celery from seeds is almost impossible, or at least not particularly interesting, and therefore, using the cultivation of root celery from seedlings, you must be very careful and careful in order to get decent results from your work.
If we talk about the cultivation of celery as a whole, the plant prefers quiet places with fertile soil and good light. But, it is quite real and a good harvest in slightly acidic soils, in partial shade, in this case you will not lose in the crop, but only get some of its changes, for example, a change in the aroma of celery leaves.
Growing leaf celery makes it possible to obtain green and succulent leaves of the plant, which can be cut throughout the warm period.
From the time the first shoots seem, until the root crops are fully ripe, 180 days pass. Smooth, large rounded root crops of Egor variety have yellowish-gray skin color and white flesh. The variety is valued for its high sugar content in root crops, rich aroma and high marketability. Technical ripeness of root crops occurs 150 days after the emergence of seedlings. Ripened root crops have a rounded shape, medium size and white flesh, the color of which does not change even after cooking. The lateral roots are low.
. Plant height about half a meter. In a bunch of 18-26 sprigs of bottle color. Root crops are spherical and extended, about 250 g.
To prevent bacterial blotch, heart-shaped rot, white stem stump, viral mosaic, black stalk and celery stalk base spreading in the garden and in the plants, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the basic standards for growing the plant. Among them, only timely watering, elimination of overwetting of the soil, thickening of planting, as well as the spread in the bed of weeds. Spreaders of diseases can be standard celery pests: scoops, larvae of carrot flies, various snails and slugs, which should be disposed of in time through prevention and spraying.
Care is almost the same as leaf celery care, which means loosen the ground and water the plants systematically, plant mulch on a garden bed with celery and remove weeds that may appear around the planting.
Celery leaf is considered to be a fairly cold-resistant plant that can tolerate frosts or even hibernate as an adult without loss. At the very beginning of its development, celery grows weakly, and this is very noticeable. This is due to the small seeds and not very good germination, and therefore, experienced gardeners prefer the cultivation of leaf celery seedlings.
Cultivation of celery stalkers is practiced by summer residents, as well as large trade enterprises that work with fresh greens in order to obtain juicy plant petioles for preparing various dishes and even alcoholic cocktails.
Late celery root varieties
Growing root celery helps to get the roots of the plant, respectively, which in a good season can be up to 600-800 g per plant.
Variety with a vertical rosette, large leaves and large fragrant roots, in which thin roots are located in the lower part. Rounded root crops reach a mass of 700 g, their skin has a light beige color, and the dense juicy flesh is white. Variety Giant is valued for its high yield, weighty roots with a pleasant aroma and sweet taste.
This variety leaves collected in a small outlet, have a pleasant aroma. The ripening period of root crops can last from 90 to 160 days (depending on weather conditions and agricultural technology). In ripe smooth root crops of rounded shape, the flesh has a snow-white color, rich in sugars. The weight of root crops varies from 80 g to 140 g. From one square meter of vegetable garden you can get up to 5 kg of root crops. Apple root celery is resistant to diseases and keeping quality.
All types of celery can be grown on land and in a pot on a windowsill, the main thing is to provide them with moisture and nutrients. And then on your table, there will always be fresh greens and juicy pulp of a “healthy root”.
Before eating, the root is well washed and peeled. To prevent darkening, it is sprinkled with lemon juice. If the root crop is chopped finely, the smell will be more saturated.
If you raise the issue of growing celery in different regions, for example, growing celery in the Moscow region or Siberia, you can only come to one opinion - the right agricultural technology will allow you to get a good harvest almost everywhere. Naturally, some climatic conditions are not quite suitable for growing this crop, but then you can grow celery at home - prepare seeds, grow seedlings, transplant, provide care and get the desired yield.
Harvesting root celery requires some preparation. 15-20 days before the start of harvesting, it is necessary to tear off the lateral leaves of the plant, and even more to remove the soil from the top of the fruit. Further, after the required period, approximately by the middle of October, you can begin to harvest the root celery.
When the seeds are prepared, they can be sown in a special soil mixture. The best for this is considered to be a mixture of sand, leaf soil, humus and peat, a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Sowing is done in early March, in ready-made wooden boxes with the specified soil mixture. Sow the seeds should be shallow, close up with peat powder. Further, for almost a week, until the seeds sprout, you will be required to withstand a stable ambient temperature within + 17 + 20 ° C. After the seeds sprout, the temperature should be lowered to + 15 ° С. Growing leaflet celery seedlings requires a clearly rationed daylight day, a certain temperature regime and accurate, timely watering (preferably through a sieve), only in such a case the seedlings will be strong and suitable for transfer to open ground. If, however, allow for errors, greens can just go to the growth. At that moment, when a young plant gives two true leaves, it should be dived with the pinching of the main root, which will contribute to the steady development of the root system of celery seedlings. The transfer to the open ground occurs in April or early May, the leaf celery planting pattern is 25-25 cm.Each individual variety is distinguished not only by its appearance, but also by its taste and application. Each individual variety is distinguished not only by its appearance, but also by its taste and application.
Celery varieties to give
Video about root celery
Photos of celery root
- Despite the fact that the healing properties of celery roots are comparable to ginseng, domestic gardeners grow them less often than leafy varieties that go to the greens. Yes, and common varieties of root celery is easy to count on your fingers.
- It has a semi-sprawling outlet, consisting of 80-115 green plates. Stems are high, hollow.
- Comes to ripeness at 4 months after germination. Stems dense, fleshy, erect. The plant is elastic, dark green.
Among all the varieties of root celera stands outCelery root has become popular among vegetable growers thanks to these varieties: I do this:
Celery was introduced to Russia during the reign of Catherine II and was first used only for decorative and medicinal purposes - especially valued for the many beneficial properties of celery root. Much later, this amazing vegetable plant was widely used in cooking, and breeders developed various varieties of stalked, leaf and root celery.Utah. Diamond
Growing Celery Root
The seeds should be planted now (I planted 10 days ago), before planting the seeds should be soaked for a day (I soak in the epine), then the seeds are dried. I buy the soil ready (I take the magician, i.e. the usual soddy earth, with the addition of sand, a little peat, humus, etc.) I pour the moistened soil into the planting container, moderately compacted (without tamping) and onto the surface in L a d s in a seed, without deepening them. then put the container in a transparent plastic bag and put in a bright place about the most bright place. Watering a regular sprayer and not Into the ground, but OVER the ground. As soon as celery sprouts, I begin to gradually accustom him to the air - removing the film from the container, first for half an hour a day, then more and more. if the film is removed immediately, then the celery will simply dry up (you will be surprised when it sprouts - thin tails). after the appearance of the third true leaf, a pick. planting in the ground - in the second half of May, the knot of leaves at the rhizome and the uppermost part of the rhizome leave over the ground surface. The celery quite well transfers both the pick and the transplant. care - regular watering and loosening. From late June-early July, I begin to regularly rake the ground off the rhizomes and cut off the “beard” (small roots), and after cutting I put the earth in such a way that some of the root “sticks out” from the ground, each time more and more strongly. cleaning - according to the weather. good luck
Initially, the cultivation of stalked celery from seed to seedlings is no different from the cultivation of leaf celery, but later, when planting seedlings in open ground, there are some features.
Celery Root Care
Celery breeding specialists say that the plant does not need to be planted into the ground very deeply so that the growing point is on the surface. After planting, the care of celery itself is very simple and does not steal a lot of time.
At the moment, quite a few celery varieties are known, but the following are in greatest demand:
The growing season lasts an average of 160 days. The variety has upright leaves and long petioles. Root crops weighing about 400 g are obtained oval or round, with a light-beige skin and snow-white flesh, which does not change its color during heat treatment. Due to the high taste qualities, Anita root vegetables are used for cooking, for fresh consumption and for freezing. Also, the variety is valued for its resistance to bolting and high yield.
Root crops gain commercial weight in 120-150 days, the weight can vary from 65 to 135 g. The flesh of the roots is light with a few yellow spots. Rounded root vegetables of the Root Gribovskiy variety have remarkable taste, high aromaticity and can be eaten both fresh and dried.Celery root on photo
Growing celery celery
Mid-season variety with vertical curly tops. The leaves are corrugated at the edges, the stem is hollow. With 1 m2 you can collect almost 4 kg of crop.
The rosette is half sprawling, high (up to 74 cm), formed of 16 leaves. The petioles are light green, about 2 cm thick. Reaches 4 kg.Deserving such a name not only due to its snow-white flesh, but also its practical qualities: a smooth surface and large roots. Rounded fleshy fruits weigh 1-1.5 kg, they have practically no root hairs and voids. Leaves of medium length, vertically directed. The diamond is suitable for long-term storage.
Early-growing variety with thick grass and roundish grayish-white fruits. In diameter, they do not exceed 7 cm, but weigh up to 600 g. The loquate lateral shoots are located in the lower part. Suitable for growing in dry areas.
Root celery has a long growing season, therefore, for a root crop to be 400-500 grams, it takes 150-180 days for its development! So, in your conditions, seedlings, planting February 10-15 (or calculate it yourself, taking into account the weather in the fall) Sow the seeds for seedlings dry. watering is moderate, if there are 2 true leaves-picks! It is very convenient for me to dive into plastic cups 200 grams, then it is convenient to plant: the seedlings get easily and do not get damaged! After 15 days, top-dressing-1 tsp of nitroammophoska for 3 liters of water! Planting seedlings in mid-May! Planting scheme - between plants 15 cm, between rows 20 cm. To ensure that the roots are smooth, without side roots, in the middle of July, the roots are slightly raked off the ground and the side roots are cut with small scissors! After 15 minutes, when the slices are dry, celery spud, but do not water! Watering is possible only in 2 days! Sometimes this procedure is repeated 2-3 times!The seedlings are transferred to the ground, to the grooves, which exceed the planting depth of the leaf celery, their depth is about 10 cm. The apical buds are also not sprinkled with soil, but already after the onset of intensive growth, when the celery stalks begin to thicken considerably, hilling is carried out. Throughout the growth season, there may even be a few hillocks. First of all, watch for the timely cleaning of weeds between the rows of planted plants, as well as systematic watering. So that a crust is not formed and does not stand on the surface of the soil, which does not benefit celery, it is constantly loosened, preferably after each watering. But in order to reduce temporary costs, you can mulch the soil, which will enable it to maintain the amount of moisture necessary for the growth and development of celery, eliminate the lush vegetation of weeds inside the celery bed, and also the formation of a crust. Adhering to the correct technology of cultivation of celery, you will be able to harvest in the middle of July - early August.
Popular varieties of celery with description and photoCeleryit has been eaten by man since ancient times. The plant has a spicy aroma and an unusual taste, and thanks to its beneficial properties has won an honorable place in the diet of those who care about their health.
Modern chefs also often use root vegetables for cooking various dishes. Vegetable is eaten raw, frozen, pickled and dried. Dried seeds of the plant are used to prepare celery salt, which allows you to emphasize the piquancy of dishes. Celery is considered to be no less popular among phytotherapists, who use it for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. Root crops are also used in their practice by cosmetologists and pharmacists.
In total there are three types of celery - root, petiolate and leaf.
Description and photos of popular varieties of celery rootCelery root has a round tasty fleshy root, so almost all of its varieties are widely used in cooking. The root crop has an unusual, but very pleasant aroma, which can be somewhat enhanced during heat treatment. Root celery is not inferior to ginseng in terms of its healing properties, but so far domestic plant growers stubbornly prefer leafy plant varieties. Partly, the low popularity of root celery is due to the fact that in our country you can find a very limited number of good varieties of root celery on sale.
Let's consider with you the best celery root varieties that you can buy today in the domestic seed market.
The variety is distinguished by simplicity and undemanding in cultivation.. From the moment the seeds are planted into the ground and until harvesting, no more than 120 days pass The plants of the variety form giant root-crops, which have a tail-shaped form and tender light pulp. Корень выделяет достаточно сильный аромат и имеет яркие вкусовые характеристики.
Жизненный цикл растений этого сорта не превышает 150 дней. Культура производит гладкие округлые корнеплоды, вес которых в среднем достигает 200 г. Главная особенность сорта заключается в том, что даже при длительном хранении и термической обработке мякоть корнеплода сохраняет белый окрас. Сорт отличается повышенным листообразованием и устойчивостью к стрелкованию. Cascade
Root vegetables of this variety are ready to be harvested 150 days after emergence of shoots. A ripe vegetable has a round shape, white flesh and medium size. The variety has a low lateral location of the roots and resistance to bolting.
"Apple"The leaves of the plant are collected in the outlet and emit a pleasant aroma. From the moment of planting seeds to the ground and before harvesting, it takes from 90 to 160 days, it all depends on weather conditions, agricultural technology and temperature conditions. Ripe root crops have snow-white flesh, a rounded shape and a smooth surface, their weight can vary from 80 to 140 g, which makes it possible to get up to 5 kg of crop per square meter. Vegetables of this variety contain an impressive amount of sugars. The grade differs in the increased resistance to diseases and wreckers.
The life cycle of plants of this variety ranges from 120 to 150 days. Root crops have bright flesh with a small amount of yellow spots, their weight can be from 65 to 135 g. The variety has an excellent flavor and aromatic palette, which allows it to be eaten both fresh and dried.
From the moment of emergence and until full maturity of the fruit, no more than 120 days pass. The roots of this variety have a rounded shape and can reach up to 12 cm in diameter. In the upper part of the vegetable, its skin has a slightly greenish tint. The root system is well developed only in the lower part of the root, which does not appear above the ground. The vegetable has a white, flesh-resistant flesh.
By the time of harvest, the weight of the root can reach 400 g. The fruit has a rounded shape, white flesh with a slight yellowish tinge, bright aroma, containing an impressive amount of mineral salts. Culture leaves form a semi-raised rosette. Lateral roots are well developed only in the lower part of the root.
"Anita"The life cycle of plants of this variety reaches 60 days. During the growing season, the plant forms erect leaves on long petioles. On average, varieties of root crops reach 400 g, have a round or oval shape, snow-white flesh, which does not darken during heat treatment and fully retains its flavor. Culture is used both fresh and frozen. Growers appreciate the variety for disease resistance, bolting and excellent performance.
Common celery leaf varieties
WITHeldrey leaf does not have a root, as well as fleshy petioles. But it is the earliest among all types of celery, the greens of which are used to make salads, seasonings and even baking. Especially useful is the early celery, its sheets contain an impressive amount of vitamins and minerals. The plant will relieve avitaminosis, anemia, nervous breakdowns and prevent the development of osteoporosis. The most popular celery leaf varieties can be easily found on the shelves of any seed store.
"Cheerfulness"One of the most productive varieties of leaf celery. From germination to harvest takes from 65 to 70 days. The culture is distinguished by its high aromatic characteristics and fast maturation. Powerful outlet form dense upright leaves. The culture has strong glossy leaves that you can cut at least twice a season. The variety is highly resistant to lack of moisture and sudden temperature drops. The leaves of the plant can be eaten both fresh and canned.
Medium late fruitful variety, the leaves of which, subject to growing conditions, can reach a height of 30 to 35 cm. The leaves of the plant have high organoleptic characteristics. The diameter of the leaf rosette of the culture reaches a maximum of 26 cm. The variety has tender, not hairy leaves and petioles of medium length. Leaves on one culture can form from 80 to 120 pieces.
High-yield celery leaf variety, forming a half-raised rosette. The culture has a short ripening period: no more than 90 days pass from germination to harvest. The variety has excellent taste and aroma characteristics and is distinguished by its absolute unpretentiousness in cultivation.
The variety has a rapid pace of development: on average, no more than 82 days pass from germination to harvest. The culture is unpretentious, and therefore successfully cultivated on all types of soils. Leaves of a grade have the average sizes, form on hollow shanks and have green corrugated edge. The leaves of the culture are very fragrant and have a soft, delicate flavor. Culture can be used to prepare various dishes in fresh and dried form.
The useful properties of celery are endless. The plant is used in cooking, traditional medicine, pharmacology and cosmetology, and therefore grown bush on its own window sill will become a real source of health and longevity in your apartment.