Clematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham) - compact grade with a height of 1.0-1.5 meters. Flowers with a diameter of 6-8 cm with oval, wavy petals at the edges. The flowers are sparkling, crimson-red, slightly velvety, with cream-brown stamens. Anthers are yellow. Blooms profusely and continuously from June to September. A great option for growing in containers. Winter hardiness zone: 4 (-35 ° C).
Clematis - the perennial loved by many gardeners, belongs to group of lianas. Pretty unpretentious plantdoes not require particularly sophisticated care, striking in its picturesque. Clematis bloom throughout the summer, bright flowers of various colors against the background of lush green foliage. According to various sources clematis varieties there are from one and a half to three thousand. They differ in size and structure of the flower, color, flowering time and other characteristics. Clematis fairly calmly endure even the most severe winters, but the prerequisite is to create a safe shelter for them.
Clematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham). Clematis - light-loving plant. Landing should be sunny and protected from the winds. Clematis grows best on the southern, southeastern, and southwestern sides. A little shading does not hurt them; the main thing is that the plant is exposed to the sun for at least 5-6 hours a day.
Soil for Clematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham). The best soil is fertile loose loam, which allows water to pass through well. Sour, heavy or saline soils are not suitable for clematis.
Landing Clematis Ernest Mackham (Clematis Ernest Markham). The best time to clematis planting - spring or early autumn. Before landing we establish supports about 2 meters high. It is important that the supports are not located close to the wall, otherwise the water flowing from the roof during the rain will flood the plant, and this is unacceptable. Before planting, inspect the root system; if the roots are dry, soak them in water for several hours. In the planting pit to the garden ground add humus, sand, liter jar of wood ash and 100 g of complex fertilizer. From the prepared mixture we form a mound, set a seedling on it, straightening the roots. Sprinkle the roots with earth, deepening the root collar to protect clematis from freezing. After planting, we water the plant; we mulch the soil around it. It is advisable to pretitle the plant from direct sunlight. To do this, you can plant around annuals (marigold, calendula) or perennials with a shallow root system (phlox, chamomile, iris).
Clematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham). Clematis Care consists in loosening the soil and weed control. Water the plants abundantly, but do not fill. In the first year after planting we do not fertilize, in subsequent years in the spring during active growth we add nitrogen, during budding - complex mineral fertilizer, after flowering, in August we exclude nitrogen from feedings, we bring in only phosphorus and potassium. In the first year after planting, we remove all the buds. In order to stimulate the development of lateral shoots, you can pinch the top of the vine. In process of growth we carry out a garter to a support.
Proper pruning Clematis Ernest Mackham (Clematis Ernest Markham). Autumn clematis pruning carried out at the onset of cold weather, but before the onset of frost. In the first year of life for all types of clematis, the rule of pruning is one: leave one sturdy shoot, cutting it at the level of 20-30 cm. This will provoke the development of new side shoots in the next season. In subsequent years, all dry, diseased, thickening shoots are necessarily removed, then the pre-winter pruning is carried out directly. The pruning technique depends on which group the liana belongs to according to the nature of flowering, and there are three of them:
1. Blooming on the shoots of last year.
2. Flowering in two terms: at the beginning of summer on last year's shoots, at the end - on the shoots of this year.
3. Blooming on young shoots growing in spring. In such clematis, all of last year's shoots die off during the winter, and new ones form in the spring.
Clematis third pruning group we prune almost to the root, leaving “hemp” 10–15 cm high with 2-3 buds above the soil surface. In addition, there is a universal way of pruning, when the shoots are cut, relatively speaking, through one: one on a stump, the other is cut only the top. This technique is even useful, because the result is a rejuvenation of the bushes. And the flowers of such plants will be evenly distributed over the entire surface of the vine.
ShelterClematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham). Preparation for clematis shelter We start with the onset of night frosts. Spud the base of the bush to a height of 10-15 cm with humus, compost or just garden soil. This technique will protect plants from light frost. The last stage before clematis shelter is the prevention of fungal diseases. Spray the ground around the bushes with a solution of fungicide, and then sprinkle with wood ash. Finally we cover clematis when the soil begins to freeze, and the air temperature drops to 5-6 degrees below zero. The shelter of clematis of the third group of pruning is not difficult. It is enough to spud shoots stronger, cover with a wooden box turned upside down, sketch over dry foliage or the same branch tree, and wrap with sacking or roofing felt. Important to remember! Clematis shelter is carried out only in dry clear weather. In winter, if there is insufficient snow cover, throw snow on shelters yourself. In harsh winters, even a sheltered plant can freeze slightly, but even in this case, it can be restored quite easily and blooms well, although at a later date.
BreedingClematis Ernest Markham (Clematis Ernest Markham). We multiply clematis dividing the bush at the age of 5 years and older. Sideways, we separate the shovel part of the root system and plant it as an independent plant.
The use of Clematis Ernest Mackham (Clematis Ernest Markham) in garden design. Clematis is an incredibly decorative climbing plant. With it, you can decorate the entrance to the house or veranda, decorate the gazebo or arch, pergola. From clematis you can create multi-colored columns, pyramids, borders. They can play the role of ground cover plants. You can grow clematis on the balcony and indoors in wide, deep containers.
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Plants group Jacman
Clematis Markham is one of the most popular groups of plants - the Jacmans group. This is a large number of varieties of large shrub vines with a well-developed root system and large flowers. The history of the group dates back to 1858. In the nurseries of England at that time the first hybrid with large flowers was bred. Over time, many varieties were obtained that favorably differed unique beauty, long flowering, active growth and unpretentiousness. All new varieties were combined into one group, which was given the name of its creator - Jacqueman.
Today florists know and grow a large number of clematis varieties from this group. Thanks to a wide color palette, even the most demanding florist can choose a plant for himself. In the group there are plants with flowers of a light blue shade, pink, red, lilac, velvet-violet. Elegant and luxurious look two-color varieties. Clematis Zhakmana harmoniously look in any garden. They can be planted in flower beds, they can decorate the walls of buildings, arches, arbors.
The shoots of plants in this group reach a length of 3-4 m. The flowers are large, with a diameter of 8-15 cm, in some varieties the open flower can reach up to 25 cm in diameter. Do not have a smell. On the liana, the flowers can be placed one by one or assembled in three, can be directed up, to the side or "look" down. The plant blooms profusely and continuously.
Most varieties have flowers with 4-6 petals. They differ in the form of petals. There are flowers with round, elongated, corrugated and diamond-shaped petals, as well as in the form of an ellipse with teeth on the edges. Due to the variety of shapes and sizes of flowers, even plants of the same color can look different.
The height of the plants from the group Zhakmana very diverse. Some representatives have a stalk height of about 1 m, while others can reach 5-6 m. Near-growing and tall plants planted nearby look very interesting. Experts recommend in this case to choose contrasting colors. Clematis bloom from mid-summer to late autumn, and some plants delight the eye with its beauty until frost.
An important feature of these plants is the fact that they belong to the third group of pruning before preparing for winter. This is explained by the fact that they have flowers on the shoots that have appeared this year. It is necessary to carry out a strong pruning, that is, cut so that the remaining 15-30 cm.
Clematis Markham is a bright representative of the Zhakman group with shoots 2.5-3 m long, with large flowers, in open form reaching 12-14 cm in diameter. The flowers are crimson red with light anthers. Sepals are wide, wavy at the edges. Bloom Clematis begins in July and adorns the garden with beautiful large flowers until the frosts.
Preparation and landing
Clematis Markham is a variety growing at a moderate rate. Like all members of the buttercup family, she is very fond of bright sunny places. But they should be planted in such a way that the roots and base of the shoots are in the shade, because the plant does not tolerate too heated soil. To provide him with comfortable conditions, it is necessary to plant letniki next to the bush or to arrange it so that the shadow of the plants growing nearby falls on the lower part of the bush.
Clematis does not like overmoistening and suffers from stagnant water in the ground. For its planting is not suitable swampy soil. When planting bushes near the walls of buildings should protect them from the water that will pour from the roof when it rains. In addition, the area reserved for landing should be in a quiet, devoid of drafts, place. Strong gusts of wind can damage the flowers, confuse and break the shoots, and this is harmful to the decorativeness of the bush and badly affect its development.
Clematis begin to land in early spring. During this period, begins the active movement of nutrients in the roots, and it is likely that the plant will take root well. For planting use seedlings, rooted cuttings, layering, grafted plants. High-quality planting material has a healthy, well-developed root system. On one handle should be at least 5 roots more than 30 cm long.
Clematis can grow in one place for decades, so it is important to properly prepare the seat. The size of the pit should be at least 60x60x60 cm. A drainage layer 10-15 cm thick is made at the bottom. To do this, you can use pebbles, broken bricks, gravel. On top of the drainage poured clean river sand. Then the pit is filled with loose nutrient mixture. To prepare it, you need to mix the soil out of the pit with 2 compost or humus buckets, 2 peat buckets, 1 sand bucket. In addition, it is necessary to add fertilizers: 100 g of superphosphate, 0.5 liters of wood ash and 200 g of complex fertilizers. To plant seedlings in a prepared pit can be no earlier than 30 days.
A very important point - the depth to which you need to land clematis. The root neck should be recessed 10-12 cm. This is necessary so that the plant can easily overwinter. Before planting, you should clear up the ground in such a way that a small slide forms in the middle. A bush “sits” on it and the roots are stretched on its sides. The soil around them must be watered well. After that, you can gradually fill the rest of the earth.
For the first 2-3 years, clematis will build up the root system and green mass. During this period it is important to water it regularly. In order for the plant to develop normally and be pleased with abundant flowering in the future, during this period it is necessary to cut off all the buds. But you do not need to feed him.