In order for the future mother to feel comfortable and fully sat out the eggs, you should take care of the arrangement of the nest. You must choose a quiet quiet place in a dimly lit corner of the house, protect it, and make a mound of earth to the height of two matchboxes. Flooring is recommended to cover with a layer of dry grass. Partitions in places where turkeys are hatched should be done taking into account that neighbors are not in direct view of one another. This is unnerving bird.
Turkeys are eagerly arranged in wooden boxes, and even better in barrels. Bird dimensions imply that the place for the hen should be enough (at least half a square meter). Nests should be provided with free access for cleaning and disinfection.
The best option would be if the hen chooses a hatching place on their own. Near it is necessary to put a container with water and a feeder. During the hatching the bird rarely rises, the presence of food and water should be monitored.
Roof for nesting is desirable to do under the slope, so that it does not accumulate droppings and precipitation. It is recommended at the entrance to arrange a low threshold, so that the eggs do not roll out.
The temperature in the room should be moderately warm, the atmosphere is dry. Contact during the incubation period with turkeys is undesirable, although these poultry differ in that males may be attracted to the incubation of chicks.
Offspring from turkeys should be expected about a month after the start of incubation. In favorable conditions turkey poults are hatching from almost all eggs.
Arrangement of a cozy nesting place - care of the poultry farmer, turkeys will take care of everything else themselves. The parental instinct of these birds is excellent.
Had a turkey on eggs
Forcibly planting a turkey on eggs is not an easy task. In order not to shock the bird, at first no more than 5 eggs are placed under it. Soothing movements (stroking) should try to ensure that the hen ceased to toss and turn and behaved motionless. In total, depending on the size of the turkey, the hen can easily hatch up to two dozen eggs.
Another way to awaken the nestling instinct in turkeys is as follows.
For a start, a boiled egg is placed in the nest, then it is replaced with natural laying, and the hen in the nest is covered for a couple of days (it’s senseless to hold a turkey for more than a week) than with a heavy one. Near the bird should leave a supply of drinking water, feed, as well as a sufficient amount of straw. Experience shows that in such conditions turkeys begin to hatch eggs, both their own and others. To arrange a bird in the nest, preferably in the late afternoon.
In turkeys, the tendency to incubation is much more developed than in other domestic birds. Females can be in the nests, forgetting even about the stern. In this case, you should move the feeder to the place of incubation, and in no case disturb the bird. Once leaving the nest, the little idea can forget about laying.
At first, the incubation of offspring should be controlled so that turkeys do not crush eggs by negligence. The bird should get used to the new nest, tossing and turning, it can damage the clutch with its wings.
It is most rational to plant several turkeys in the nest at the same time. In this way, approximately simultaneous hatching can be achieved.
Males of turkeys are also suitable for brooding. The ways of teaching them to lay laying are the same as for females.
The suitability of eggs for incubation is determined by warm water. Copies that float to the surface are not suitable for laying under a turkey.
Under the turkey can lay eggs ducks, geese and chickens. The bird will equally care of them, as about own. The best mothers in the poultry yard will not be found.
Turkeys are extremely stubborn hens, if not too persistent mothers are not driven off the nest, they can forget about food and water for days. There have been cases of turkeys dying from hunger during the incubation period.
Video “Growing and breeding turkey”
The video shows the features of growing turkeys on the farm, you will also hear tips on growing.
Choice of hen
Choosing a hen, you should look at its size and age. It has been observed that larger females hatch more chicks. At the same time, it’s not worth worrying that with its weight it will crush the fragile shell of future turkey poults, since the very nature of the mother laid down the mechanisms for preserving the chicks during incubation. The instinct will help the female to do this as carefully as possible and turn it over in time, protecting it from overheating.
However, not every turkey is ready to become a mother hen. You can lay eggs under a half-year bird, although the best hens are turkeys of two to three years of age. They quickly show the instinct of readiness for incubating the nest. And if, when selecting the material to be laid in the nest, a young turkey is most often chosen, then more experienced and sedate birds are preferred for incubation.
Advice: observe which chicks will hatch from prepared turkey eggs, because it has been observed that males appear most often from pointed ones, and males come out of blunt-pointed ones.
Planting turkey eggs
Some poultry farmers recommend planting turkeys from the end of March, others closer to May. Autumn laying is inexpedient, because young plants appear weak and in winter, rarely survive in frosty conditions.
It is necessary to plant a turkey, creating its certain conditions:
- Temperature conditions in the room from 10 degrees heat.
- Separation from other layers and hens with special partitions, insulation.
- Installation of boxes, nests, lined with hay or straw.
- Place for feeding and drinking near the nest.
- Conclusion for a walk, fresh air at least three times a day.
To understand when it is necessary to lay eggs in the nest, it is necessary to determine the readiness of the turkey for landing on them. If the female became longer than others to sit in the nesting place, then, most likely, she is ready to become a hen. Check it easy if you put a couple of boiled testicles and see how it behaves in this case.
A turkey that does not leave its nest for long is worthy of becoming a mom. She can be trusted future offspring.
Additional signs will be the concern of the bird at the moment when they are trying to drive her away from the nest, hissing, breeding the wings. The female can pluck fluff (on the chest, abdomen) and try to use it to lay a nest with her beak.
A turkey can refuse to hatch for various reasons, ranging from the absence of maternal instinct, stress and ending with an unbalanced diet. When laying eggs under it becomes problematic, they resort to such measures as:
- Increase the nutritional value of feed.
- Artificial lengthening of daylight.
- Calming, quiet conversation, gentle stroking feathers.
- Putting boiled or specially selected stones-nudes for a short time to sit.
- Evening landing on the nest and covering the box, inside which the turkey can stand in full growth. Such imprisonment lasts up to three days, while walking for feeding and drinking is carried out under supervision.
- Training on the role of turkey hen. It is carried out in the same way as with the female, and can give an excellent result, because small males do a good job with this role.
How to put
All eggs for incubation should be placed under the hen when the laying period expires. It is better to do this at the end of spring or at the very beginning of the summer period. Usually on the fifth day from the moment the egg is laid, it is already possible to begin incubation, which takes as long as 28 days.
You can lay different types of material for incubation, depending on what the number of young stock is planned to grow in the poultry yard:
- If you put a few chicken, then you should choose the strongest shell of the shell, as they are more fragile and can be crushed by the weight of the body of the turkey. Candidates for the role of mother-hen in this case can be calm by the nature of the bird.
- Regarding goose eggs, preferences are higher, as they are more durable, but also larger in size. Their total number in the nest should be less than, for example, from turkey.
Advice: before laying goose embryos, they moisturize their shells to make the process as close as possible to the natural one, because moisture keeps on the feathers of the goose like a waterfowl, but not on the plumage of the turkey.
When choosing which eggs to lay for incubation, it is worth using a special device for scanning through the ovoscope to rule out unfertilized ones. In this case, you need to make sure that:
- Inside there is only one yolk.
- In the protein part there are no blackouts and clots.
- The yolk mass is homogeneous, mobile, but moves slowly when turning, itself is in the center.
- The air chamber is located at the blunt end, its diameter is 15 cm, with a two-millimeter thickness.
- There are no blood inclusions.
- The shell does not contain microcracks.
How much can you put
Begin to lay eggs in the nest with three to five pieces, always marking each and removing the new demolished. The total number depends on the size of the female and is regulated from minimum to maximum (pcs.):
It is believed that the most favorable number that needs to be put is 15. For the maternal instinct of a turkey, it is the most comfortable. It should be noted that in the process of incubation, the female reverses each testicle up to 50 times per day for uniform heating, therefore, the reasonableness of the quantity is important.
Keep eggs that need to be laid
Turkeys rush most often closer to dinner. The very first footnotes, as a rule, are not suitable for putting them into the nest, but you can eat them.
Eggs in storage are taken into a clean tray every three hours, since in summer they quickly deteriorate due to hot weather. They are stored pointedly down under temperature conditions from 13 to 18º C, humidity up to 80%, avoiding exposure to sunlight, in a special room for no more than 10 days. The longer the shelf life, the lower the hatchability rate of turkey cubs. So, for example, at storage up to five days - hatchability will be equal to 85%, in a decade -73, and after 20 days - only 54.
There are certain techniques that allow to extend the shelf life and maintain quality, but this requires the presence of an incubator or other special devices and free time, because the options are as follows:
- Every third day of storage, eggs are laid in an incubator and heated for five hours at a seventy percent humidity to 38º C.
- There is a method of daily heating.
All this makes sense only with strict observance of periodicity, temperature and humidity levels, but the safety is ensured for up to three weeks.
Eggs that meet these criteria are selected for storage:
- Pure, smooth on the surface and shades of color, without inclusions of the shell.
- Cone-shaped regular form.
- White, with a brownish sheen, beige shell.
- Strong, without cracks and other defects, the upper shell of the shell.
- Medium size, the same size, with an approximate weight of about 80 grams.
Tip: the eggs selected for breeding must be turned over during storage (1 p. For 4 days). Before placing them under the turkey mom, you need to remove them from the storage and warm them up to t the room where the nest is located.
How many eggs you need to put under the turkey depends on what breed and size of the bird, what bird cubs it will display, how much material is harvested for hatching. In any case, the observance of the rules of preparation, storage and planting ensures maximum receipt of full-fledged offspring of young animals.
Choosing a good hen
When choosing a hen, you should focus on the size and age of the bird. The larger the turkey, the greater the number of eggs she can sit. At the age of 5–6 months, the birds are ready for laying.
You should not worry that a large turkey will crush the incubation material. These layers gently incubate the eggs and turn them themselves for more uniform heating. Therefore, for the hen turkeys, first of all, it is necessary to create the necessary conditions, and they will take care of the rest.
Where to place
Find a separate place for the nest where the hen will not be distracted from its duties, with a suitable air temperature (at least + 10 ° C) and slightly shaded. If in such an incubation compartment there are nests of other hens, it is better to isolate them from each other. Otherwise, birds can confuse their places, which will lead to clarification of the relationship.
Video: How to make a nest for a turkey and put it on the eggs
The best time of the year
The turkey begins laying at the end of winter - early spring. Autumn eggs are not used for incubation, since the hatchlings hatching from them are usually rather weak and do not survive well in the coming winter frosts.
Selection and preparation of eggs
The first egg in a clutch is usually brought by birds in the morning, at 6–8 hours. In the following days, the turkey will sail in the afternoon.
The demolished items are removed to the storage room. The temperature at which they should be stored for subsequent incubation should be + 13–18 ° C. Shelf life - up to 10 days.
When the laying of 10–18 pieces is collected, they are gradually placed under the turkey, marking each one, and the newly demolished one is taken away.
Care for the hen during incubation
The hypertrophied maternal sense of these birds sometimes goes to extremes. The hen may not get up from the nest for days, refusing food and drink. In this case, the poultry farmer needs to place the caring mommy himself next to the feeding bowl and feed. In the feeder should always be fresh vegetables. In the diet, the presence of yogurt, cottage cheese, germinated cereals. You should constantly change the water in the drinking bowl, as well as equip the sandbox-bath.
In order for the turkey to be in good shape, and the exhausting round-the-clock incubation does not affect her health, the bird needs walks every day.
How to identify a fertilized turkey egg
To determine the fertilization of eggs used ovoskop. This is a simple device, which is a light source with holes for eggs, in fact - a simple lamp that shines through them. It is also used for rejection of incubation material before laying.
Before the incubation material is laid under the hen, it is impossible to know whether it was fertilized. Only after 96–100 hours of incubation can you try to figure out whether to wait for offspring from it. Fertilized egg Dietary eggs, that is, those that have not been fertilized, are completely transparent, with a subtle yolk and air cavity.
When the specimen is examined through which the offspring should be expected, a small clot can be seen, with the circulatory system barely starting to form around it.
In the event that there is a spot, and there are no rudiments of the circulatory system, it is highly likely that for some reason the embryo has stopped developing.
2 days before the expected date of chick appearance, an ovoscope examination is performed for the last time. At this time, the egg should not appear through at all, only the air chamber. If only the central part is shaded, and the light layer under the shell, the embryo has died.
Is it possible to lay eggs of chickens or geese under the turkey
Thanks to a well-developed maternal instinct, turkeys are quite often used for incubation instead of other types of poultry. This is especially true for chickens. Many hybrids do not differ developed parental instincts. Often the chickens are quite restless, they are easily distracted and can not sit on the spot for a long time. But turkeys in this regard - the ideal hens.
Turkey sat on eggs in winter: what to do, how to scare away
Sometimes poultry farmers face such a problem: a turkey sits on its eggs in the winter when it is freezing outside, which is why it is unlikely that it will be possible to get poults. The turkey is being driven from the nest, but it still sits on the floor.
In this case, there are several ways to prevent the bird from hatching:
- immediately take the eggs that were laid,
- remove nests
- do not turn on the house light, reduce the temperature,
- more often chase the turkey out
- to isolate a feathered bird for several days, by planting alone or with a chicken (duck) - this kind of stress can help the bird to forget for a while about an obsessive instinct.
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in planting a turkey on eggs. All you have to do is choose the appropriate incubation material, place it under the future mommy and provide her with the proper conditions for incubating chicks.