The alissum does not have, like lilies or garden roses, lush flowers, but the plant does not cease to acquire all new fans. A modest alissum, planting and care in the open field for which the beginner can do, captivates with unpretentiousness, long flowering and honey aroma spreading over the flowerbeds.
As ornamental plants for open ground, several annual and perennial alissum species are used. All of them are stunted or creeping crops with stems up to 40 cm, small, sometimes pubescent leaves and flowers of different colors gathered in corymbose inflorescences. Since alissum is a representative of the Cabbage family, its corollas with a diameter of up to 5 mm have a structure in common with related plants, but are very fragrant at the same time.
The smell of flowers increases in sunny warm weather, which attracts many irreplaceable pollinators to the curtains of alissum.
As an annual for open ground, alissum is used in the design of low borders, in mixborders and in the foreground of traditional flower beds.
At the dacha alissum can grow in several ways:
- sowing in spring immediately to a permanent place,
- through seedlings grown at home and transferred in spring to open ground,
- using autumn sowing in the ground for early spring shoots.
What way of planting alissum in the ground is better when planting flowers in a particular climatic zone?
Planting alissum seeds in open ground
Sowing seeds of alissum in the spring is carried out when the ground is thawed and the air warms up to +15 ° C. In the middle lane, optimal conditions are formed by mid-April. In the southern regions, landings are 7–10 days earlier. In the north, the right moment due to returning cold can be delayed until the first decade of May.
In the spring, planting alissum in open ground and caring for plants precedes site selection and soil preparation. Both annuals and perennial species prefer dry, stagnant, aerated places with a light substrate:
To ensure germination and to simplify care after planting in Siberia, an alissum is covered with a film or nonwoven fabric before germination. Young plants in flower beds appear after 7–10 days, and after 6–8 weeks, flowering begins. Until this point, the plot is regularly weeded and watered, and the grown-up seedlings thin out, leaving between 15–20 cm between them.
This way of planting alissum is simple. But if the spring is protracted, the emergence of shoots and flowers is postponed. In regions where there is such a risk, including the middle lane, planting seedlings is more commonly used.
Alissum seedling: planting and care in the open field
Sowing on seedlings is carried out in March or April in shallow containers filled with light substrate. The soil is pre-moistened slightly, and the seeds distributed over the surface and slightly pressed into the ground are covered with a thin layer of soil or sand.
Alyssum grows better at temperatures above +15 ° C, in a greenhouse or home greenhouse, while seedlings must be ventilated to prevent condensation.
Shoots appear in less than 2 weeks. Up to this point the container is exposed to a well-lit place. If the seedlings are planted thickly, the seedlings dive. And when several real leaves are revealed on them, they pinch the tops, so that the alissum in the flowerbed can be actively busted. Planting alissum for care in the open field is carried out in May or in the first half of June with an interval of about 20 cm.
Within 2–3 weeks, such plants bloom and, with proper care, do not lose their decorative effect until the frost.
Alissum seeds are tiny, so they can not be strongly pressed into the soil - they do not germinate. Instead, scatter the planting material on wet ground, and then press them with a spoon to its surface. After that, cover the container with film.
Bulk sprouts will turn out after 11 - 15 days, provided that the temperature in the room is not lower than 8 - 20◦С. Shoots are very vulnerable, so it is best to water them in the pan.
During this period, it is necessary to follow the soil moisture with double attention - excessive waterlogging will provoke the development of the black stem in seedlings.
When the sprouts acquire four full-fledged leaves, they pick a pick. A little later, when the sprouts adapt, they are fed with a complex universal mixture. With the first truly warm days of May, seedlings begin to harden, bringing the planting containers to the open air.
Sprouts need diffused light, direct sunlight can destroy them.
At first, the hardening procedure is limited to 20 to 30 minutes, but gradually this interval should be increased, bringing as a result the residence time of the seedlings on the street to several hours a day.
Strengthened seedlings are planted in the open ground of the garden in late May. Within a month, alissum will thank the caring owner for the first bloom.
Reproduction by cuttings
The cuttings for reproduction of alissum are used less frequently. When an adult bush overgrown with long shoots, cut off several healthy strong twigs.
They are planted in a sand-peat mixture, after which a greenhouse is arranged with a film or glass.
Cuttings can immediately be planted in open ground, and each of them can be hidden under a glass jar or cut in half a plastic bottle. Successful rooting cuttings provide frequent moderate watering.
Alyssum: care after flowering
It is not enough to care for the plant during the period of its active growth, it is still necessary to properly prepare it for wintering.
Seeds for breeding cultures are harvested in the fall (the second half of September - early November). It is better to do this in dry, windless weather.
In order to collect as many small seeds as possible, the ground under the bush of the alissum is covered with a large piece of light-colored fabric and they begin to gently rub dry inflorescences between the palms.
The collected material is transferred to a dry warm room to dry, and then collected in a bag of thick fabric and left until spring.
Trimming for the winter alissum is not required. To make the plant feel comfortable, the ground around it is covered with a thick layer of mulch, and the bush is sprinkled with dry leaves or hidden under a nonwoven cover. If the winter is snowy, the alissum can be wrapped with additional non-woven fabric.
Alyssum: plant diseases and pests
- The main danger to the plant is the crucifers flea pest. To expel the insect, the bushes are irrigated with liquid acetic essence at the rate of 1 tbsp. l on 1 bucket of water. But this treatment is suitable only for adults and strong bushes.
- Also alissum may suffer from the invasion of caterpillars.
To destroy the pest, prepare an infusion of tobacco and laundry soap.
The situation can be corrected by treating the bushes with systemic fungicides - Ordan, Kuproksat. When the foliage was struck by downy powdery mildew, you should use ready-made fungicides Oxyhom and Ordan. This powdery mildew bush relieve treatment Bordeaux mixture.