Turn (it is a blackthorn) is a plant representative of the Rosaceae family. It is presented mainly by a small shrub, at least - a tree. The height of the sloe can reach 8 m. There are thorns on the branches. Leaves of irregular shape - either elliptical or ovate, but inverse. Shrub flowers are always small and usually white. Flowering time - the end of April - the first half of May. The turn is fruitful with small odnokostiankami, the color of which is dark purple. On top of the fruit there is a barely noticeable wax coating.
Mostly grows the turn in the territory of Western Europe, in the Mediterranean countries. In our country - in western Siberia, as well as in the Caucasus.
Thorns are rich in glucose and fructose (up to 9.0%), acids (up to 3.0%). They taste sour. Mature late - in the middle of autumn. The turn easily tolerates even the most severe winters, as well as droughts. Thanks to crossing with home plum, the turn grows in the Volga region, and it is very abundant and large fruits.
The turn is an excellent plant honey plant. Up to 30 kg of ready-to-eat fruits can be collected from 1 ha, which is a very high productivity. Before eating, it is advisable to freeze and thaw, or let it lie for a few days in a place protected from the sun at room temperature.
Preparation and storage of thorns
Thorns begin to ripen in early autumn, but they are harvested in the second decade of October. Fresh fruits are very unpleasant to taste due to the large amount of tannins in them. The most pleasant time of gathering fruits are the first frosts. Due to the effects of low temperatures tannins are destroyed, and the berries become sour-sweet. After collecting the fruits, it is advisable to dry them in the first week. This can be done both in natural conditions in the open air, but in warm weather, or in stoves at a very low temperature.
Collection of shrub flowers should be carried out during budding. As a rule, this is the beginning or middle of August. It is better to collect the leaves during the flowering period - this is June-July. It is advisable to collect the young shoots of the turn at the end of May, and they should be dried in an open and preferably ventilated area. It is necessary to dig up the roots of thorns in September-October and dry them in air or in a furnace.
All components of the considered shrub can be stored for 1 year, except for the roots. Their shelf life lasts 3 years. It is advisable to store all dried ingredients at room temperature in a place protected from the sun. This is best done in glass jars or fabric bags.
Healing properties of thorns
All parts of the specified shrub, including fruits, have healing properties. Consider first their favor.
- Thorn fruits have astringent properties that allow you to quickly and reliably get rid of diarrhea, while greatly improving the digestive process. In addition, the fruit in any form is useful in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Fruits also have an antiseptic effect. Therefore, they are often recommended in the presence of various viruses, bacteria, worms and other harmful microflora in the body.
- The turn is an excellent diuretic, which allows not only to eliminate the illnesses in diseases of the urogenital system, but also to speed up the metabolic process (metabolism).
- Thorns are especially useful in the recovery period after illness. They significantly improve appetite, besides promote normal digestion.
- Fruits in any form are useful for dysentery, because in this case they have a complex effect on the human body.
- It is possible to cure candidiasis with the help of fruits and preparations based on them within 5-7 days of intensive consumption.
- When food poisoning enough to eat a few fruits, including dried, to significantly reduce the effects, as well as the symptoms of its occurrence.
Consider some of the healing properties of thorns.
- Broths and infusions based on dried thorns are often used as a laxative. This will clear the intestines, thereby preventing the occurrence of other adverse effects.
- Preparations based on the flowers of this shrub are used as a sudorific. This allows you to improve metabolism, reduce body temperature in the presence of inflammatory processes.
- Such drugs can calm the central nervous system, especially in the period of depression, psychosis and other mental manifestations.
A decoction of blackthorn for the treatment of whiter in women and girls
It is necessary to take 5 g of chopped dry blackthorn and pour 200 ml of boiled water. Put in a water bath for 30 minutes, then remove, cool and strain. The resulting broth should be consumed 50 ml 3 times a day for 10 minutes before meals. It will also be useful and douching. For this, only 10-15 ml 2-3 times a day are sufficient, and it is necessary in the morning after lifting and in the evening before going to bed. The duration of the procedure is 5-7 days, after which a break for 2 days. Repeat until complete disappearance of whiter, as well as a prophylactic agent.
Infusion based on thorns as a laxative
Requires 1 tbsp. The flowers of this shrub are placed in a glass, pour 200 ml of boiling water, cover with a saucer and leave for at least 50 minutes. Cool, strain and consume immediately. This dose is sufficient to obtain a laxative effect for a man weighing 80-85 kg for 30-60 minutes. Excellent news is the single action of the specified means.
Infusion of flowers of thorns from gastritis
3 tbsp. pour dry, crushed black thorns into a glass, pour boiled warm water to the top, cover with a saucer and leave for the whole night. In the morning, use 75 ml, and the rest of the infusion - divided into 2-3 doses and taken throughout the day at regular intervals. It is necessary to repeat the procedure until complete recovery. This infusion allows you to reduce the time of illness by 40-50%.
Tea with thorns with kidney disease
When brewing tea in the teapot, add 2 tsp. dry thorn leaves. It is enough to drink 2 cups of such tea per day to minimize the negative symptoms of diseases of the genitourinary system. Drinking for 30 days will allow you to forget about kidney problems for a long time. After a month of taking it is advisable to take a break for 1 week. You can repeat several cycles.
Steamed thorn leaves for healing wounds and various ulcers
It is necessary to place 2 tbsp. dry leaves of this shrub in a glass jar, pour 1 liter of boiling water, then close the lid. After the infusion has cooled to room temperature, it is necessary to apply steamed leaves on a gauze bandage and attach it to wounds and ulcers. The remaining liquid can be drunk as an immuno-fortifying agent in 50 ml 2-3 times a day, especially during periods of increasing the number of colds. Store the infusion can be in the refrigerator for no more than 10 days.
Broth of thorns in dysentery
4 tbsp. put the dry roots of this shrub into the pan, pour 1 l of water and simmer with the lid open until the amount of liquid is halved. After that, remove from heat, close the lid and let cool. Then strain and place in the refrigerator. To use every day 30 ml 5-6 times a day until recovery. Then, after a break of 1 week, repeat the cycle as a prophylactic.
The turn is not a poisonous plant, so the only contraindication may be individual intolerance to some components. Given the increased amount of tannins, it is inappropriate to take pregnant women, as well as nursing mothers. Fresh or dried fruit should be avoided for children under 5 years old, as digestive problems may occur. This can manifest itself in constipation and other problems with the intestines.
Composition and properties
Fruits of blackthorn are rich in: tannins, fiber, ascorbic acid, vitamins B2 and K, PP, A, E, pectins, organic acids and sugars. The leaves contain tannins and bitterness, in the flowers - glycoside hydrocyanic acid.
Due to its composition, the turn has: anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent, antiseptic, laxative, diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic and expectorant action.
In traditional medicine, preparations made on the basis of turn are recommended for:
- oral inflammations
- pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, sore throat,
- bronchial diseases,
- indigestion, food poisoning, colitis, dysentery,
- chronic constipation
- diseases of the liver and kidneys,
- diseases of the nervous system,
- metabolic disorders,
- prostate adenoma,
- painful and prolonged periods,
- gynecological diseases
- inflammations, ulcers on the skin, dermatitis.
- 1 tbsp. thorn flowers
- 1 tbsp. warm boiled water.
Fill the flowers with water and leave to infuse for 40 minutes. Strain and drink.
- 2 tsp crushed thorns (fresh or dry),
- 1 tbsp. cold water.
Fill the flowers with water and leave for 8 hours. Strain. Take 1-2 tablespoons 4-5 times a day. This infusion has a diuretic effect and is recommended for diseases of the liver, kidneys, as well as acne, boils and allergic rashes on the skin.
Infusion of fruits:
- 1 tbsp. thorns (fresh or dry),
- 1 tbsp. boiling water.
Fill the fruit with boiling water and let it brew for an hour. Strain. Drink on an empty stomach in the morning for 4 days.
Infusion of hypertension:
- 2-3 tablespoons dried thorns,
- 1 tbsp. boiling water.
Pour boiling water over the flowers and let it brew for half an hour. Strain. Take 100 ml in the morning and evening. With a sharp increase in pressure, you can drink a glass of infusion. This infusion will help with chronic constipation, diseases of the nervous system, and also contributes to the normalization of metabolism.
Broth (general recipe):
- 5 g bark or blackthorn
- 200 ml of boiling water.
Fill the turnip with boiling water and boil in a water bath for half an hour. Strain the broth. Take 1/3 cup three times a day after meals. Also, this broth can be used for douching with bely, after diluting it with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
Broth from cold with high body temperature:
Pour boiling water over the bark and heat in a water bath for 10 minutes. Then cool the broth and strain it. Drink 50 ml 2-3 times a day. Also, this decoction is recommended for malaria. You can use it externally - in the form of lotions with dermatitis and skin rashes.
Broth for bronchitis:
- 3 tbsp. thorn flowers
- 500 ml of hot water.
Fill the flowers with water and boil for 4-5 minutes over low heat. Cool the broth and strain. Gargle them several times a day with warm water. This rinse will also help with tonsillitis, sore throat and other sore throats.
- 2 tsp flowers and leaves of thorns,
- 250 ml of water.
Fill the turn with water, bring to a boil and remove from heat. Strain. You can drink two cups of this tea per day. Tea not only saturates the body with vitamins, but also has a fortifying effect on the human body.
For the treatment of jaundice and other liver diseases, it is recommended to drink 50 grams of thorns in the morning and evening before meals. To prepare the juice from the fruit, remove the bones and heat the flesh to 60-40 ° C. Then the pulp is kneaded, squeezed juice and poured into cans.
Also, juice is used for the fastest healing of wounds - outwardly.
Broth bark for external use:
- 2 tbsp. dried thorns leaves,
- 1 tbsp. boiling water.
Fill the leaves with boiling water, let it brew and strain. Use for making compresses and lotions for quick healing of wounds.
Useful properties of thorns
The thorns contain 5.5-8.8% of sugars (glucose and fructose), malic acid, fiber, pectin, carbohydrates, steroids, triterpenoids, nitrogen-containing compounds, vitamins C, E, carotene, coumarins, tannins, catechins, flavonoids, higher alcohols, prunazine glycoside, mineral salts, and also fatty oils: linoleic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, and eleostearic.
The leaves contain vitamins C and E, phenol carboxylic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins.
Seeds contain a poisonous glycoside that removes hydrocyanic acid.
The roots contain tannins and dyes.
Thorns (fresh, processed into kissel, compote, jam and tincture, in the form of decoction or extract) have an astringent effect and are recommended for use in case of stomach and intestinal disorders (ulcerative colitis, dysentery, foodborne diseases and candidiasis. Treatment drink for intestinal infectious diseases Thorny wine is also considered.
Knitting pleasant fruit of a thorn use as the knitting, antiseptic, diuretic and the fixing means. They can also be used to increase appetite. Thorn flowers are used as a diuretic, laxative, diaphoretic. They can stop vomiting and nausea, improve metabolism, calm the nervous system. Young leaves of thorns are brewed as tea. They also have good diuretic and laxative properties, as well as heal wounds. Bark and roots are used as antipyretic.
Fruits are used for non-specific colitis, dysentery, food poisoning and toxic infections.
Blackthorn is used to treat the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys. It helps with various neuralgia, metabolic disorders, avitaminosis.
It can also be used as a diaphoretic and febrifuge.
Preparations of thorns have astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, laxative, expectorant and antibacterial action. They relax the smooth muscles of the internal organs and lower the permeability of blood vessels.
Both fruits and flowers improve metabolism and are indicated for gastritis, spasmodic colitis, cystitis, edema, and kidney stones. Help with rheumatism, boils, pustular skin diseases.
Thorn flowers have a positive effect on the body's metabolism, and, therefore, treat those skin diseases that depend on a violation of this metabolism, regulate intestinal motility and contractions of the hepatic ducts, and have a mild laxative effect.
Fresh juice helps with jaundice. Preparations from the flowers of thorns act, unlike fruits, as a laxative for constipation, including in children. These drugs regulate intestinal motility, act as a diuretic, diaphoretic and hypotensive.
Thornberry fruit juice has antibacterial activity against Giardia and other protozoa, so it is recommended to take it in case of gastrointestinal disorders and Giardiasis. Also, the juice is effective in the form of lotions and compresses for skin diseases.
Broths of thorns are used for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat and esophagus.
Tea from thorns leaves is a mild laxative, increases diuresis. They drink it for chronic constipation, cystitis, prostate adenoma. Tea from the leaves of thorns is useful for people leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Thorn leaves are an excellent diuretic and laxative for chronic constipation. Infusion of leaves is recommended for rinsing for inflammation of the oral cavity. A decoction of the leaves is used for skin diseases, chronic constipation, nephritis, cystitis. A decoction of leaves in vinegar is used to lubricate old purulent wounds and ulcers. Infusion of leaves and flowers is used for inflammation of the kidneys and bladder and for dermatoses.
Infusion of flowers is used as a diuretic and diaphoretic and in hypertension. Decoction of flowers lowers vascular permeability, has an anti-inflammatory effect and is therefore recommended for metabolic disorders, prostate adenoma, as an expectorant and diaphoretic, against neuralgia, nausea and shortness of breath. The same broth is used for constipation, liver disease, furunculosis and pustular skin diseases.
Roots, bark and even young wood have a diaphoretic and antipyretic effect. Broth bark is used for diarrhea and malaria, as well as at elevated body temperature. The broth is also used for erysipelas of the skin and for douching with belyah.
The upper layer of the bark is recommended for erysipelas in fresh form as lotions or as a decoction as a compress.
Dangerous properties of turn
One of the contraindications to the use of thorns is the increased sensitivity of a person to these fruits.
It is also important to know that ripe fruit can only have their flesh. You can not use the bones, because they contain a very strong poison. Therefore, all canned food with stones cannot be stored for more than one year, because gradually the harmful substances from the stones will pass into the product.
If there are fresh berries and cooked seedless dishes, then you will not cause harm.
The turn is quite sour and tart, so it can harm people who have an increased acidity of the stomach, gastritis or an ulcer. In addition, the fruit is intensely colored, which can even cause allergic reactions.
Also, do not abuse the amount. After all, the sweet products of "processing" the turn will lead to a set of unwanted weight, and fresh berries in large quantities will lead to indigestion.