Settle on your flowerbed a beautiful unpretentious perennial with an unusual name - gravilat. A resident of the cold regions and the temperate zone, widely distributed in Siberia and the Caucasus, the Far East, Sakhalin, Kamchatka, other parts of Russia and European countries.
Perennial is different endurance and attractive appearance. Erect stems are crowned with large single flowers or inflorescences-panicles. Triple leaves have pronounced strips-veins, at the edges with cloves.
How to care for gravity in open ground
Gravilatum is planted in sunny areas near water. It tolerates plant and partial shade, light short drought. However, it still prefers regular abundant watering.
The main requirements in the care - loosening the soil, weeding from weeds, sufficient watering and feeding. It is desirable to feed at least two or three times per season with organic or complex mineral fertilizers. Thanks to this attention, gravilat will delight with luxurious flowering and bright, thick leaves.
Growing gravel seedlings
When to plant gravel on seedlings? Start sowing in early March, trying not to delay, but you can plant until early April.
- Prepare the transfer boxes or containers with obligatory drainage holes in the bottom.
- Loose nutrient soil is covered. You can use the land from the store for flowering plants.
- They make shallow grooves, up to 1-2 cm, spread the seeds in them at a distance of 3-4 cm. The distance between the rows is 4-5 cm. The seeds are covered with earth.
- You can scatter the seeds on the surface of the earth, press them with your palm and lightly sprinkle them on top of the earth.
- Moisturize moderately, you can from pulvelyizator.
- To accelerate germination, you can cover the seed container with a plastic bag.
- With the emergence of seedlings clean the bag.
How to sow gravel seed at home Photo shoots
- As soon as the seedlings release two or three true leaves, they carefully dive into separate cups with a diameter of about 7 cm. Help yourself with any sharp object (fork, toothpick, back side of a teaspoon) to pick up a seedling with a root and clod of earth. So you will transplant the plants painlessly, they will hurt less.
- 10 days after picking, feed the seedlings with complex fertilizer for flowering plants to stimulate growth.
Gravel seedling photo
How to plant gravel seedlings in the ground
Planted seedlings of gravilat in the ground from mid-May to early June, subject to the absence of night frosts. Pre-two weeks before disembarking, seedlings are hardened, leaving it outside, starting from a few hours a day, and bringing the stay to full days. In this case, the planting will be painless, the plants will quickly begin and begin to grow.
The plants grown from seeds will bloom only in the next season, in the month of July. Planted them at a distance of 40 cm from each other.
How to sow gravel seed in the ground
Spring sowing begins as early as possible, as soon as the land ripens. They loosen a bed dug up since the fall, level the ground with a rake. They make rows at a distance of 15-20 cm, sow the seeds shallowly, up to 2 cm, level the ground with the reverse side of the rake.
It is advisable to adjust the weather before the rain, then water will not be necessary. If the weather is dry, the beds are moistened with watering can, but they are not poured so that the earth crust does not turn out. It is better to water a little every night than to pour occasionally.
When seedlings appear, the beds are weeded away from the weeds and the gravilate itself is thinned, leaving at least 5 cm between the plants. When the seedlings rise to 10-15 cm, it is transplanted to a permanent place. The distance between the bushes - 40 cm.
The time of sowing will depend on the region, the main thing is that after sowing there will not come a prolonged warmth, because of which the seeds may rise even in the fall. Gravilat is usually sown before winter around October, when it is already quite cold. The bed should not be specially insulated: the seeds do not freeze, and the natural stratification will benefit them, and the plants will sprout together in early spring.
Reproduction of gravity by dividing the bush
A gravel bush can be divided if it has grown well. Do it in the spring or fall. The plant is completely dug out and cut with a sharp knife into several parts, with two or three points of growth minimum.
Planted delenki in pre-prepared wells, trying to maintain the same level of the root collar. At the bottom of the hole it is desirable to put a couple of handfuls of humus, it will give a good charge to the plant for several years.
When planting in spring plants can bloom in the same year, just need to try to divide the bush as early as possible so that the gravilatum takes root for the flowering season.
What colors to plant gravilat Beautiful combinations and popular companions
Gravilat in landscape design Beautiful combinations with flowers photo
Gravilat perfectly combines with irises, lupine, forget-me-nots, nemofila, cereals, tiarellas, peonies, phloxes, goldenrod, bouzulnik, bells, esholtsii, cloves, grass.
Gravilat photo on a bed with other flowers
Beautifully looking chaotic planting of these plants on the background of decorative stones. It is possible to plant near low ground covers, for example, periwinkle or zhivuchka, arabis, curtains.
Gravilat hybrid Geum x hybridum
Gravilat hybrid grade of Geum x Princes Juliana
Favorite gardeners, hybrid gravilat absorbed the best signs of their parents, wild forms: Chilean and bright red. Lush terry flowers, powerful beautiful stems will be a great decoration of any corner of the garden, flower beds or pond.
Gravilat terry grade Geum Queen of Orange photo
Gravilat mountain Geum montanum
Gravilat mountain Geum montanum photo
Distributed widely in the mountains of Europe. Low perennial maximum reaches 30 cm in height. Small flowers up to 2.5 cm are cupped, yellow in color. It tolerates severe frosts, prefers sunny areas.
Gravilat river or tame Geum rivale
Gravilat river Geum rivale Flames of Passion photo
River gravel grows near rivers and reservoirs almost everywhere: in the European part of Russia, Asia Minor, in the Caucasus, in Western and Eastern Siberia. The plant reaches a height of about 70 cm, and over many years of life it grows a powerful rhizome. Stems erect, painted dark red. Flowering occurs in May-month, the flowers are small, inconspicuous, pale pink color. This is a good melliferous plant, loved by bees for the abundance of sweet nectar. Reproduction occurs only in the seed way.
Fruits of achene have tenacious hooks, thanks to which they cling to animal hair and spread far from maternal plants. Seeds germinate next spring. In the first year, the bush is very small, only a few leaves at the rosette. The first leaves die off by autumn, being replaced by round leaves that winter until spring under the snow. And only a year later the plant begins to bloom.
Due to the rustic appearance, the plant is planted in gardens rather rarely, only two varieties are preferred:
- Lionel Sox - yellow flowers.
- Album - white flowers
Gravilat Rossa Geum rossii
Gravilat Ross Geum rossii photo
He was brought to Europe from North America, where it grows widely in the conditions of the Arctic tundra, as well as on rocky areas, meadows. The perennial forms a solid dense carpet with a height of 30 cm, covering glades during the flowering season with bright yellow clouds of flowers. It blooms in summer. Prefers soil without stagnant water, has a high winter hardiness.
Gravilat tricolor Geum triflorum
Gravilat tricolor Geum triflorum photo
Gravilatum triflorum originated from damp damp places along rivers in the vast North America. Only 30 cm tall, very hardy and winter-hardy. It blooms either yellow-scarlet or lemon-purple flowers.
Gravilat Chilean Geum quellyon
Chilean Gravilat in alpine landscape photo design
As the name suggests, it was imported from Chile, South America. Plant height decent, up to 60 cm. The leaves are collected in the rosette. Begins to bloom in June and pleases with flowers for about 50 days.
Especially loved flower growers terry varilat:
- Lady Strateden - yellow flowers,
- Mr. J. Bradyshaw, a 60 cm tall variety, terry orange flowers, blooms in July, continues to bloom for about 30 days.
- Fireball - the height of only half a meter, luxurious lush flowers of bright orange color, flowering lasts 50 days.
- Goldball - flowers are yellow.
Gravilat bright red or krasnotsvetkovy Geum coccineum
Gravilat terry bright red variety Geum ‘Mrs Bradshaw’ photo
It is found in Asia Minor, in the Caucasus, in Greece. Perennial has pubescent stems, topped with large flowers of bright red color. The leaves are tripartite.
A unique winter-hardy variety with a long flowering from June to September is popular: the Borizin flower is called.
To date, there are about 50 types of gravilata, the most famous of which are:
- Chilean Gravilat is a tall plant (about 60 cm). It has a large sheet rosette, from which a peduncle is formed in the spring in the form of small cup-shaped original flowers. They can be terry or simple and have a red or yellow color. They bloom for quite some time. The most popular varieties of this species are the fireball gravilat - with bright red terry flowers, Aurelia - with orange-yellow semi-double flowers, and the "Mai Thai" graviatum with single flowers or collected in corymbose or paniculate inflorescences. You can learn how to sow Chilean gravity correctly by watching the video at the end of the article.
- Gravilat bright red refers to winter-hardy species. Its height is about 0.5 meters. Stems slightly pubescent, and bright flowers that are collected in small inflorescences, are quite large. The period of flowering gravilat begins in early June. Very popular is the variety of this species "Red Dragon", which is famous for its beautiful double flowers.
- Gravilat hybrid is the name of the forms and varieties that are the result of crossing different species. It includes a large number of original varieties, among which the most famous are the terraced gravilate Double Sunrise, as well as Tinker Bell.
- A characteristic feature of long-term Gravilat is the presence of a creeping red-brown root. The plant has a straight, pubescent stem up to 0.5 meters in length, as well as leaves on the stems in the form of three and five lobes. The flower of this species is light yellow and rather large.
Features of growing varieties of "Red Dragon"
Supermakhrovye inflorescences varieties of "Red Dragon", which blooms profusely almost all summer, like to land in their many summer residents. To grow bright and beautiful flowers on your site, you need to know some features. Most often, the Dragon Terry gravilat is grown from seed. If in early spring to plant seeds for seedlings, then flowering can be expected in the middle of summer next year.
Seeds are sown in this way: planting material is put in a container with soil (the depth should not exceed 3 cm), then it is gently pressed down with earth and covered with a film. When the first shoots appear, the film must be removed every day, leaving the seedlings for several hours without shelter.
After the appearance of the third sheet, it is necessary to do a pick. When growing gravilata from seeds, it should be remembered that they germinate in good light and at a temperature not lower than + 18 ° С within one to two weeks. For the normal growth and development of this plant, the soil must be hydrated, preferably enriched with humus. To improve its condition, you need to add wood ash or sand when digging.
When growing gravilat plants on several watery areas should slightly raise the flower bed, although it is believed that the excess moisture does not interfere with the development of the flower. Shoots that have bloomed must be removed. This procedure improves the overall decoration and prolongs the flowering of other shoots. For the normal development of the plant is best planted in combination with other perennials.
Gravilat "Red Dragon" needs periodic loosening of the soil on which it grows. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Also, do not forget about watering, especially in the dry season. In winter, the plant should be covered with dry leaves or spruce branches, although in the absence of severe frosts, its leaves are sufficient.
Features of planting and care
For planting gravity need to find a place well lit by the sun. Low acid and normally drained soil is best. It should be remembered that the acidic soil is absolutely not suitable for the cultivation of gravilat. In case the land is too wet, it’s best to land a river gravel there or do drainage work. The distance between the bushes when planting gravilat should be in the range of 15-17 cm.
Special care does not require gravilat. The main thing that perennial was provided with regular watering. It is also necessary from time to time to loosen the soil, as well as timely remove the flowering inflorescences.
Tip: Experts recommend that in the fall, before the first frost occurs, completely remove the ground part of the plant on the plant, and then mulch it with mulberry or leaves.
As for fertilizer fertilizer, for the entire flowering period, it is necessary to perform the introduction of mineral complex (preferably potash-phosphate) fertilizers 2-4 times, or to feed the perennial with organic fertilizers such as humus or manure.
Gravilat reproduction is possible by dividing the bush or seeds. The division of the bush is to divide the rhizome with a sharp knife and replant the shrubs into well-moistened new holes. This work is done in spring, although in the southern regions it is permissible to propagate the plant in the fall. In places with a warm climate, the plant has a chance to root well and winter without loss.
Botanical description and species
Gravilat is a decorative perennial that has straight stems of rich green color, up to 70 cm long. The stems are covered with patterned leaves that are collected in the rosette. On top of the leaves is a flowering stem, on which are quite large orange-colored, scarlet or yellow flowers.
From a distance, this perennial is very similar to an oriental poppy, because gravilat is just as rich and colorful. In connection with the undemanding in agricultural technology, as well as due to decorative features, this plant is very fond of gardeners.
- Gravilat is Chilean. The plant is quite tall, it can grow up to 60 cm. The leaf rosette is rather large. From it in the spring, the peduncle is formed, which is presented in the form of cupped small flowers. They are both simple and terry, the color is either yellow or red. The flowering period is usually quite long. The most common varieties of this subspecies is the Fireball and Aurelia. Gravel variety Mai Tai is also popular.
- Gt is bright red. This is a winter-hardy type of plant. The height can reach up to 50 cm. The stems are slightly pubescent, and the flowers are of a very bright color. Flowers are collected in small inflorescences. The period of abundant flowering begins in the first week of June. The most popular and well-known variety of this type is Red Dragon, which is known for its terry flowers.
- Mr. hybrid. This includes varieties that were obtained from the selection of different varieties. There are many original varieties, the most famous of them are Double Sunrise (terry) and Tinker Bell.
Any gardener who has become acquainted with such an ornamental plant, according to his merits, evaluates its features and, over time, is set to conduct the cultivation of gravilatum from seeds in its garden plot.
Where does gravity grow?
Growing this flower is not a time consuming process. This herb ornamental plant is very unpretentious.
It is best to plant in early spring, after thawing of the soil, but before the buds begin to blossom.
Choosing a place for planting such a flower, it is very important to pay attention to the degree of illumination of the site. For this perennial, open and sunny terrain would be best. Planting is also allowed on slightly shaded areas.
If we talk about the soil, it is important to know that almost all types of gravilate do not tolerate stagnation in the soil moisture. Due to high humidity, the root system of the flower may start to rot. Areas where groundwater is located close to the surface will not be suitable for growing gravel there.
If there are no other options, you can plant the plant either in a high bed or add more sand to the soil, thus raising the soil a little. Despite the overall unpretentiousness of this perennial, the soil is desirable to provide a loose, permeable and light. The flower does not like acid soil.
Engage in planting such plants need in March or in early April. Желательно добавить в почву немного торфа, а также провести фунгицидную обработку с целью профилактики различных болезней.
Place you need to choose a sunny and well-drained, the soil should have a low acidity. Soil preparation for planting a flower consists in digging the ground and introducing sand into it, which will provide drainage. To reduce the acidity will help the grower wood ash, which also needs to be added to the soil.
If the soil is too wet, then it is possible to plant in it unless the river gravilat, since such a variety grows well in such conditions. You can additionally carry out drainage work and slightly raise the beds. Planting is recommended at a distance of 15-20 cm of one bush from another.
How to care for perennial
Despite the general non-capriciousness of the plant, it still has a number of requirements for personal care. We will provide basic information about this, so that even a novice in floriculture can grow this beautiful perennial in his garden plot.
Watering and soil care
It should be noted that such a plant is able to endure short-term droughts without detriment to its development. But it responds very well to watering. During hot periods, it should be watered regularly and abundantly.
Naturally, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not stagnate in the ground. Everything should be in moderation.
The most suitable are mineral fertilizers, which are composed of a complex NPK (nitroammofosku). Suitable granulated dressings with elements of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. Fertilize the plant should be twice a season. Such manipulations will have a positive effect on its flowering.
In general, the plant does not need pruning. Such a procedure will be needed in cases when you need to rejuvenate perennials a little, or to remove faded blossoms. Pruning will have a positive effect on the emergence of new shoots and flowering plants.
How to propagate the gravity by dividing the bush
Gravilate is propagated by vegetative division of the parent large bush. The procedure itself is carried out 3-4 times a year. It is necessary to carefully separate the child sprouts together with parts of the root system from the mother bush. This procedure should be done in early spring or autumn, at the end of flowering. The cuttings will take root very well if planted at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other.
You also need to fertilize the soil and in a timely manner to irrigate the site. There is no need to introduce any additional measures for rooting the plant.
Despite the fact that gravilat has no special requirements for growing conditions, but it responds well to a number of agrotechnical procedures. These include soil preparation, ensuring quality drainage.
Also should not allow acidification of the soil. If the drainage is good, then the soil will need to be watered every week and quite plentifully, while not allowing stagnation of water on the surface.
Gravilat in landscape design is used as an ornamental plant capable of shading and emphasizing the beauty of the common flower garden. Undoubtedly, there are a number of plants that will perfectly get along with this perennial. These include:
Description of the plant and its varieties
Herb Gravilat is a member of the Rosaceae family. It has a straight stem, the maximum length of which varies between 15-70 cm, depending on the type and variety. A remarkable characteristic is the leaves are saturated green.
The rosette is very dense. It remains green year-round. The plant has a well-developed root system. Thanks to the rhizome, graviatat perfectly adapts to the winter cold, it blooms beautifully and is undemanding when grown.
Small flowers in diameter - only 3 cm - are various in shades. You can choose varieties with yellow, red or orange color. Inflorescences of plants can be paniculate or thyroid.
Gravilat can bloom for 2 months, and some species can bloom again in August. You will see all variety of types on a photo of a gravilat, however are popular:
- Gravilat mountain has low peduncles up to 20 cm and delicate yellow flowers. Flowering begins in May and lasts up to 2 months.
- Gravilat creeping has original bell shaped inflorescences that are directed up or down.
- City Gravilat differs stems up to 50-60 cm long with small yellow flowers. Blossom begins in May, in the care of the plant is unpretentious.
- Chilean Gravilat may grow up to 60 cm, it blooms in the last weeks of June, but the flowering period is extremely short - only 12-15 days. There are many varieties with a variety of colors, such as scarlet gravilat or a plant with bright yellow shades.
How to properly land
Gravilat prefers sufficiently lit sunny areas without drafts, protected from the wind. The soil on a dedicated lawn should be very light with excellent water permeability. It is necessary to choose sites with a low acid soil.
The landing site must be properly prepared:
- First, you need to thoroughly loosen the soil.
- Secondly, sand is added to the upper layer, which will play the role of drainage. You also need to mix in the soil and wood ash to reduce the level of acidity to the desired degree.
- Thirdly, the introduction of peat and humus will contribute to the saturation of the earth with complex nutrients.
Not always on the plot, the soil is characterized by meeting these requirements. In this case, have to work hard. For example, when the soil is too wet, it is advisable to plant a river species of gravel. You can also perform work on the drainage and lift the flower bed.
The distance between the planted bushes should be at least 20 cm. Then, the planted plants should be watered and also mulched.
The simplest method of reproduction is the division of the bush. The plant is dug out of the ground, the rhizome is shaken off the ground and a part of the plant is separated with the help of a garden knife. It is necessary to do the operation so that each delenka has not only a part of the rhizome, but also the ground elements of the plant.
Places cut from the mother plant and delenki sprinkled with charcoal. Activated carbon is also used for this purpose. The resulting plants are planted in the prepared pits. You can divide the plant in early spring or autumn.
In the latter case, it is recommended to do the manipulation before the onset of cold weather (mid-October) in order for the plant to take root. Therefore, autumn reproduction is recommended to produce in warm climatic zones.
Planting gravel seed more laborious. First you need to plant the seeds in boxes with soil mixture, including sand with peat, in early March. Seeding box after sowing covered glass. It will need to be removed only when the first shoots appear.
Sprouts are germinated in greenhouse conditions until the first true leaves appear. At the end of April, seedlings are transferred to the open ground.
Since the return frosts are possible, it is recommended to think about shelter with agrofibre or film. Expect the appearance of flowers with this method of reproduction is possible only in the second year.
Features plant care
Gravilat unpretentious plant. To obtain colorful flowering, it is enough to remove dried flowers in a timely manner, to produce regular watering, avoiding excessive drying of the top layer of the soil. Watering is usually carried out weekly.
Feed the plant with complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter. In the first days of spring, with the activation of vegetative processes, it is possible to add potash and phosphate dressing.
Next time you need to make fertilizer during flowering. The last decade of September is the time for fertilizing the soil with humus or compost.
Gravilat is resistant to pests and diseases, so it is not necessary to take any special preventive measures.
Gravilat flower is perfect for decorative decoration ravatok and alpine slides. The flower is used in group planting on the lawns. The combination in a bed of several varieties of plants will help to lengthen the flowering process of the whole flower garden from May to October.
Tall varieties of plants are used in the design of bouquets. In the garden, gravilat looks great in combination with bells, carnations, phloxes and peonies.
The domesticated and urban type of plant can be used as food. Young stems and leaves are suitable for salads and soups. They contain tannic and various biologically active components. Also, the plant is rich in essential oils and organic acids.
Infusions and various teas made from these types of gravilat are used as antibacterial, mucolytic, hemostatic, sedatives.
Gravilat is an excellent addition to any flower bed decorated with ornamental vegetation. You can also make a beautiful bouquet. And plants of some species have excellent healing properties.
Use in landscape design
Gravilat is often used as a decorative element in the suburban areas. He is not exacting in leaving and is bright enough to be noticeable.
Mixborder: грав Mrs Bradshaw ’Gravilla, в Crimson Star’ aquilegia, Yucca gloriosa, Cornflower and Lebed
It retains its color throughout the year, and stands out in the winter under the snow, which is not typical of most flowering plants. That is why gravilat is so loved by gardeners around the world. Often it is planted on flowerbeds, since the overall brightness of the flowers creates a single picture, highlighting a separate place.
The flowerbed consists of gravilatum, salvia, aquilegia, peonies.
It is well combined with decorative bows, for example, with allium.
Another option is a combination of gravity and alliums.
Gravilat and alliums
Its natural, slightly wild beauty looks good next to a stone, framed by paths, with ornamental grasses.
Gravilat in mixborder along the track
Sometimes gravilatum is planted in whole beds, giving the impression that the whole bed blooms with the same color, although the flowers have different shades.
Border from different grades of gravilat