Cream-crested Chickens Legbar, carrying eggs of an unusual blue hue, are very popular now not only in Europe, but also abroad. Gradually, they are conquering our country, conquering more and more domestic poultry farmers. These are very beautiful, calm birds of meat and egg breed.
Adult males have a gorgeous golden-straw color (due to which the breed is called cream) with pronounced brown stripes. Chickens are much darker than cockerels and the stripes on the plumage are not so clearly visible. It is possible to distinguish by color daily chickens, which is certainly very convenient for poultry farmers: you can control the livestock of the herd as needed in one direction or another.
As early as 1929, two British breeders, Messrs. Pennet and Pease, in order to create a new autosex breed of industrial chickens began to cross striped Plymouthrock kitties with golden colors and golden Kempinsky cocks. However, the first experiment did not bring the desired result - autosex chickens did not show the expected level of egg production.
Breeders continued their experiments. This time the cockerel Leggorn's cockerel and the striped Plymouthrock chickens were taken. The resulting hybrid was again crossed with striped Leggorn. So, through a series of generations, a new egg breed appeared, which was named Legbar. Now it is practically the most popular breed of chickens in the world.
Description of breed of legbar
Chickens Legbar belong to the meat-egg breed, have a silver-gray or golden-cream color with clearer stripes in males, and less distinct in females. They have a beautiful tuft, bright comb and white "earrings". The weight of an adult rooster - 3 - 3.5 kg, chicken - 2.5 - 2.8 kg. However, in the conditions of our region they rarely reach such a weight, usually it is 2-2.5 kg.
Differ in good health, behave calmly, very light, mobile, can fly. They are able to produce chicks, the sex of which can be distinguished even at the age of one day due to the characteristic color of the plumage. Chickens begin to rush early - already at four or six months of age - and continue to delight their masters to two years.
Keeping such chickens is a snap. They are unpretentious in the care, have a friendly disposition, but if you do not have sufficient experience, immediately acquire adult individuals. They cost more than chickens, but with less hassle. Roosters of this breed are very noble, do not give offense to their hens, vigilantly monitor them and protect if there is a threat.
Legbar is very viable. They need walking in the fresh air, these chickens are very mobile. On one bird you need to count at least 0.5 sq. M. paddock. True, it is the mobility that prevents them from hatching eggs, the incubation instinct is poorly developed in them. But this disadvantage is more than compensated by a very high egg production. Legbar cost almost without feeding, they have enough of what they get on the runs.
But in order for the bird to continue to nest intensively during the winter period, it needs a positive temperature. Therefore, it is necessary to warm the hen house and install a heater in it that is covered with a protective screen so that the bird does not contact the device. It is better not to cement the floor, but to ram the root and fill it with sawdust, otherwise the Legbar will also freeze during the cold season.
Experienced poultry farmers say this the breed especially loves the special blue food - in stores for sale already ready this. But it is necessary to pour it into the feeders in red. Blue and yellow do not like colors. This is a medium-sized, active breed, so they should not be overfed so that they feel comfortable. Chickens and roosters of this breed are prone to obesity with improper or too abundant food.
Ordinary mash, grain and feed they do not like, so it's better to still buy ready-made food - and less trouble, and the chickens will be satisfied. It is possible to add special dressings to the water so that the chickens rush better. But do not get carried away: the abuse of dressing can cause vitamin deficiency.
On the first photo a beautiful crest is a large area:
Breed cream chickens Legbarov in his house on the floor with sawdust:
And here you see individuals in the simplest house:
Handsome cock on the background of beautiful hens:
Very young chickens are trying to find something in the ground:
Here is the outer yard of the house. Chickens were a little scared and huddled into a corner:
In a year one cream Chicken breed Legbar able to carry up to 270 eggs - under ideal conditions and a balanced diet. This figure just shook the British researchers. However, even with standard care, they carry 200-210 eggs per year, which is also very good. In appearance, the eggs are blue, and sometimes olive-colored less white, but in fact it is not.
They simply are not elongated, but more rounded. The weight of one egg on average from 60 to 70 grams, the fertility of up to 90%. In England, eggs of this particular breed are in particular demand and are considered the benchmark.
Where can I buy in Russia?
The egg can be purchased in the gene pool - there it costs about 300 rubles. Some poultry farmers have access to Europe. If you order there, the egg will be cheaper. Private farms sell eggs already from 100 rubles apiece. Daily chicken costs from 300 rubles and more, again, depending on where to get it. An adult, healthy bird will cost about 1,500 rubles. You can purchase a bird or egg at the following addresses:
- Poultry farm "Orlovsky yard". Address: 1 km from Moscow Ring Road, Moscow Region Mytishchi st. Border deadlock, 4.
- Poultry farm "Polyany". Address: Moscow region Ramensky district, village Aksenovo.
Do not forget about the Internet: in numerous forums often post ads for the sale of eggs and chickens of this breed, sometimes they even give away. Please note: poultry farmers often sell whole families of adult Legbar birds. Such an acquisition would be more profitable than buying chickens by the piece. And besides, you will receive useful recommendations for first-hand care - after all, birds, like people, are all individual, have their own character and characteristics.
An analogue is breed Araucana, individuals of which were used for crossing when breeding Legbarov. It is to them that the Legbar are obliged to the unusual turquoise color of the eggshell. Araucana has a very original look due to tufts of feathers protruding behind the earlobes, tanks and beard. And the German-type Araucans also lack the tail. The weight of an adult bird is on average 1.5-1.8 kg, up to one hundred and fifty eggs are carried annually. But just like the Legbars, the incubation instinct is very poorly developed.
Another analogue - Plymouth Rock. The breed was bred in the middle of the last century by American breeders. The most common Plymouths are striped and white in color, but there are also fawn, partridge, Colombian. An adult cockerel of this breed weighs an average of 3.5 kg, chicken - 2.8-3 kg. They begin to rush at the age of six months, about 180 eggs a year. The egg is large enough, weighing 60 grams. with a light brown shell.
Read in this article all the subtleties of floor insulation in a private house. You will be surprised!
Amroki by productivity they are not inferior to our chickens - per year these chickens carry up to 220 eggs with a brown shell weighing 50-60 grams! Their color is very bright, cuckoo, females are darker than males, since the dark strip of their plumage is wider than the light one. In males stripes of equal width. Chickens of this breed grow and fledge very quickly, start to nest early. Average weight from 3 to 5 kg. Despite the mobility, temper in chickens calm.
Legbar - not the only breed of chickens that are able to carry colored eggs, such fashionable now in Europe. But given the high viability and egg production, they are significantly better than others. Many farmers enthusiastically start breeding this breed - and very rarely remain disappointed. In general, the Legbars are charming, hardy and prolific birds, which certainly become an ornament and pride of the chicken farm.
History of creation
Bred layers in the UK. The goal of the breeders was to create a universal bird that would give tasty meat and often rush. Known lines were used for crossing:
- Kuropatchaty leggorn - is of Italian origin, breeding work continued in the United States. Today leggorny are used to produce highly productive crosses. Originally had the egg direction.
- Plymouth (striped) - meat-egg chickens, bred overseas. Got to Russia in the last century. Saved instinct nasizhivaniya, have a calm disposition, elegant plumage.
As a result, managed to get a good productivity.
The first eggs can be expected already at the age of 4 months, champions are able to give 250-270 eggs per season.
A large egg, up to 70 grams. The mass of chickens is up to 2.5 kg., A little more than 3 kg.
In the middle lane, these figures may decrease due to the harsh climate. Also egg production directly depends on nutrition.
A characteristic feature - the breed Legbar carries eggs with a blue (or olive) color of the shell.
Experiments on crossing began in 1929. At first, attempts were unsuccessful - it was not possible to obtain sufficient egg production. But thanks to the leggords, this flaw was corrected.
Legbar as a separate breed were shown at the cattle-breeding exhibition in 1947, the standard was obtained a decade later. Farmers enjoyed new feathered animals, especially the color of eggs pleased connoisseurs. Today crested beauties are in demand around the globe.
The typical color for chickens of a crested legbar is cream, it is inherited from leggorn.
But the size of chickens and cockerels do not depend on the colors.
The color of the plumage of males is brighter, there are brown stripes on the back.
In chickens, they are less clear.
Thoroughbred specimens have a recessive gene, which is manifested precisely in color - the feather will be straw hue, not golden.
Legbar is also easily identified by the ridge - it is large, red and saturated color. The standard requires six teeth, the last of which is located in the back of the head.
The scallop is large and dangling, but should not interfere with vision. A medium sized head is decorated with white oval earrings.
In laying hens they are slightly smaller than in roosters. Exterior typical for chickens meat and egg direction.
The tail is vertical to the body, it is medium in size. Kosits wide and long. The burdens are wide apart, the tarsus is yellow.
Content features, characteristics
Unlike most domesticated bird species, representatives of the breed perfectly know how to use wings.
Therefore, the pen should be well fenced with a high fence. The rooster has a very vigilant character, protects its females from any dangers.
Legbars are very energetic, they need space for walking.
On two individuals requires 1 square. m. square. In the summer, birds are able to produce a large amount of food on their own, which is economically beneficial for the owners.
In order to keep the egg production during the winter period, it is required to build a warmed room.
If the farm is located in northern latitudes, additional heating is required. The room temperature is maintained at least 10 ° C.
Representatives of this breed can not stand things that are painted in blue or yellow. Therefore, such items are removed from the territory accessible to birds.
The bird does not require special care. True, they quickly get used to people and sometimes do not mind talking to them. In exchange for the attention of the host, they will delight him with a joyful cackle. Yes, and the appearance of feathery decorates the compound.
Can eat ordinary feed. However, care should be taken - laying hens quickly accumulate intrauterine fat. This makes it difficult to trot.
Therefore, the owners need to carefully calculate the daily dietary rate and not to deviate from it, especially in the winter period.
Overfeeding is dangerous, since the deposition of fat inhibits the metabolic rate, reduces the very quality of products.
The chickens of the crested legbar, although they produce a large number of eggs, are representative of the meat-egg direction. Feeding them has its own characteristics.
As body weight is more, more grain is needed. Accordingly, the cost of obtaining a dozen eggs is also rising - they will be higher by about 20% than for egg layers.
In the morning feeding (after sunrise) give part of the norm of grain, regardless of the season. During the day they offer a wet mash - they are cooked in such a way that the livestock ate it in half an hour.
All that remains is to be thrown out, rinse the feeder thoroughly. Excessive food residues can cause intestinal infections. At bedtime, a cereal mixture is also given.
When the breeding season begins, be sure to change the diet a little. For cockerels require vitamins, wheat germ.
They are placed in a special feeder, to which the chickens can not get. Layers need more greens, vegetables, vitamins.
Then the breeders crossed the golden look with the Araukan hens and achieved the desired result: the new beautiful birds showed high performance, like their “parents” leggorn. The third variety is called cream legbar.
Kukuchechnaya coloring is very motley, immediately apparent, and besides, it allows you to distinguish newborn chickens by gender. The hens on the back of the head grow a lush tuft of medium size, and males do not have such adornment. The eggshell has a peculiar color - blue or light olive. However, this color of eggs has not gained popularity among buyers, so cream legbar in many countries simply ceased to breed. But in Great Britain, a rather large population of these birds remained, from where they were later exported to European countries, to the American continent, to our country.
Standard signs of the breed are the following indicators:
- variegated paint
- crest in females of medium size, resembling a hat in shape, while in males it is almost imperceptible, with rare feathers. Therefore, another name for this hybrid is crested legbar,
- medium bodies are wedge-shaped,
- large eyes, red color,
Although the color of eggs may have different shades, you should not worry about it. It is noted that throughout the life of the hens, the color saturation and the tone of the eggshell may vary.
Legbar's plumage is thick, fluffy; in males it fits snugly to the body, the wings are strong, well developed, fit snugly to the body. In females feathers have a darker color, shades - from cream to chestnut color with a slope of red, at the edges with bright edging.
In roosters, the colors are lighter, in the plumage gray and cream tones predominate, the tail plumage is luxuriant, of medium size. The legs are bare, without feathers at all. Stripes on feathers are much clearer in males.