To date, quite a lot of people love to plant indoor flowers at home. Someone does it for sale, and there are those who are given this occupation an incredible pleasure. The most important thing is to know how to do it correctly.
For plants to be beautiful, you must carefully care for them. If you provide the right conditions for the dracenum, you can increase the life of the flower to ten years. The shape of the culture of this species is more like a palm tree. It is also called happy bamboo because it is similar to the Chinese symbol of well-being. In this review, we will look at the care of the dragonza at home.
The main distinctive feature of the dracaena is a rosette of striped or green leaves on top. A prominent feature can also be considered transverse stripes on the stems.
In order for the plant to please its owners with a well-groomed look for long years, it needs to create the right conditions. Soil acidity should be neutral. This indicator can be checked using indicator strips. You can also buy a primer with the right pH in a flower shop. The following proportions can be used to prepare the substrate: 3 parts of garden soil, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of sand. You can also use a mixture of sand, humus soil and peat. For growing plants fit any stable pot. The container for landing dracaena in height should reach 25 cm, and in diameter - 20 cm.
Temperature, humidity and light requirements
How to grow dragon flower? Caring for this heat-loving plant provides for keeping heat at a temperature of 19 to 25 degrees. In a cold room, the plant may simply die. You also need to monitor the level of humidity. Dry air can adversely affect dramatic growth. As a rule, the plant develops well in partial shade. But development in such conditions will be a bit slow. Variegated varieties require more light. The best option is to put the dracaena near the window, oriented to the west or east. If they go to the south, the plant is better protected from the direct rays of the sun.
How to water?
Many housewives are interested in such a flower as dracaena. Care at home for this plant provides for regular watering. The optimal interval is in a day. It is unacceptable that the soil in the pot becomes dry. In addition to watering, dracaenum also requires frequent spraying with settled water. In summer, the flower is irrigated daily. Dust may accumulate on the leaves. In this case, it is recommended to use a cotton swab or cloth.
Fertilizer and dressing
Care of the dragonsea provides regular meals with nutrients. Usually this procedure is carried out twice a month. You can alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. The nutrient composition is usually added to water for irrigation. Dracaena are highly sensitive to chlorine and fluorine. Therefore, it is better to select fertilizers that do not contain these elements. Chlorinated water is not recommended for irrigation.
How to properly transplant
What other procedures may require indoor dracaena? Care must include a transplant. When the plant becomes crowded in the old tub, it must be placed in a more spacious pot. The flower is extracted very carefully, along with the root ball. The bottom of the new tank is pre-prepared. For this purpose, gravel, ceramic fragments or pieces of foam are laid on it.
Here is an approximate order of actions that must be performed during plant transplantation:
- Top drainage is covered with a layer of washed sand and part of the previously prepared soil.
- Rootball set in the pot. On the sides you can fill the soil.
- The land is well watered.
- It is necessary to add a substrate. To the upper edge should remain 1.5 cm.
- At the final stage, the soil should be compacted and sprinkled with a layer of peat.
Before reaching the age of three years, the dracaena should be replanted every year. Then the procedure can be performed less frequently. At the same time, experts recommend once a year to change the top layer of earth in a pot.
How to care for dracaena in winter?
What else should know those who are interested in dracaena? Care at home, photos of adult plants, requirements for conditions in the cold season - this information is usually required by potential owners of this flower. As for the maintenance of the flower in winter, in a warm room it will be the same as in summer. Best of all, he will endure cold at a temperature of 15 degrees. The number of sprays and waterings should be reduced to once every seven days. If the air in the room is too dry and warm, then the frequency of irrigation can be increased. In winter and autumn, the plant does not require additional feeding.
How does dracaena grow? Home care and reproduction do not involve any complicated labor-intensive processes. As a material for grafting, branches extending from the central stem are quite suitable. The main thing - to separate the 12 cm tops. The remainder is cut into 7 cm cuttings. On the mother plant, the cut is treated with ashes and crushed charcoal. In the future, this place may appear new shoots.
The resulting cuttings should be rooted in a glass of water or a pot of wet sand. On the cut top, the leaves are shortened, leaving 5-7 cm. The air temperature in the room should not fall below 20 degrees. You can also cover the cuttings with a film on top. It is necessary to remove it every day in order to spray the substrate or air it. After 3-4 weeks rooting will occur, and after a couple of months you will be able to see new shoots. They can be divided and transplanted into different containers.
What else should I know about breeding dracaena and care at home? Propagation by seed is usually used exclusively by specialists. If you still manage to buy them, then before planting you must soak in warm water. Five days later, the seeds can be sown in moist soil. It is best to plant them in plastic boxes with lids or miniature greenhouses. They sprout long enough.
What problems can be associated with breeding a flower like dracaena? Care at home, reproduction and conditions of normal development are quite simple and do not require special training. However, some difficulties in the process of cultivation still arise.
In a dry room, the leaves of the plant may turn yellow and fall off. Another possible cause of this phenomenon may be cold air and draft. In a month, under normal conditions, the plant can lose a couple of sheets. Improperly selected fertilizers or the presence of fluoride in water can lead to brown and yellow spots. If the plant looks sick, it should be removed from the pot. Damaged and decayed roots are removed. Further dragon season can be transplanted. The plant after this process requires moderate watering and regular irrigation.
The cause of burns can be the sun's rays. In this case, it is better to choose another place for the flower. When brown spots appear at the ends of the leaves, increase the amount of water during watering. Ensure that the soil in the pot is always slightly moist. Excessive watering can also have negative consequences. In combination with a decrease in temperature, it can lead to the complete destruction of the plant.
Diseases and pests
Caring for the dragonza must also include the fight against diseases. This plant is rarely attacked by pests. But many modern varieties still have a high sensitivity to a number of infections. So, when a fungal infection can be observed rotting of the roots and base of the stem. The formation of black and red spots on the leaves can be a consequence of a disease such as fusarium. In this case, the plant must be treated with biofungicide, and the soil with a solution of wood ash.
If white threads appeared at the base of the leaves, then most likely the plant was attacked by a spider mite. In this case, the plant should be wiped with a cloth moistened with a solution of soap, and then rinsed under a warm shower. If there is a defeat for mealybugs, the dragonflower should also be treated with soapy water. After that, the flower is sprayed with pyrethrin-containing insecticide.
Dracaena is considered an exotic plant. This flower will easily fit into the interior of a living room or office. There are several varieties of this plant. Bordered dracaena, or Marginata, has a rosette of thin leaves. With a good plant, the flower retains its decorative qualities for a long time. This type requires good lighting. For varieties Colorama characteristic pronounced crimson hue. Dracaena Bicolor is characterized by a spectacular combination of green and pink flowers. This variety also needs good lighting and frequent spraying. View Fragrang, or fragrant dracaena, is characterized by glossy leaves in the form of a lancet. There are still varieties with two-color and tricolor leaves.
Dracaena is very popular with home gardeners. The plant will harmonize well with Dieffenbachia, variegated varieties of chlorophytum. Care of dragon season does not cause any difficulties. The main thing - to choose a well-lit place. The plant requires regular watering and irrigation. Also, to preserve a thick rosette of leaves, experts recommend washing the dracaena with warm water from time to time. When buying a flower, pay attention to the leaves. The main thing is that their ends are not dry. Healthy dracaena with proper care can maintain their decorative qualities up to ten years.
Introduction to the plant
For a start, it is worth getting to know the dragon tree. These plants are ideal for city apartments. First of all, they become a beautiful decoration of the dwelling, also purify the air from fine dust.
Special care is required for the dragon plant, but it is not too complicated, as it may initially seem. Plant breeding is also not a difficult process. In addition, its resin is considered healing, as it is used to treat certain skin diseases.
If you decide to buy dracenum, you need to know how to care for it, because improper care will cause the gradual death of the flower.
Features plant care
Here are some basic rules that will help ensure timely and proper care:
- The flower should receive enough moisture, otherwise the leaves will become faded, the flowers will begin to fall off. For spraying you need to use a spray, repeat this procedure no more than 3 times a week. Use warm, real water.
- If dry leaves or flowers appear on the plant, it is recommended to cut them as soon as possible. Even excessive watering will not help, but cutting the leaves will restore the growth of dracaena.
- The leaves of the houseplant must be wiped with a soft sponge 2 times a month. Thus, you clean them of dust and improve the cleaning function of the flower itself.
- Intensive lighting is required, although direct sunlight is undesirable.
- If we talk about air temperature, the flower should not be placed in a room where the temperature can fall below 12 degrees in winter. In summer, a maximum temperature of 24 degrees is allowed.
There are certain rules for watering, which are also worth observing:
- Abundant watering is needed in the period when the plant is actively growing in spring, summer and autumn.
- Abundant watering should be stopped in the winter, because dracaena is already not growing so fast. Do not forget to water the plant with warm water.
- Waterlogging of the soil leads to rotting of the root system, however, as well as a lack of moisture.
- Experts advise to water the dracaena 2 times a week in the summer and only once a week in the winter.
Compliance with these rules will help you grow a beautiful indoor flower that will truly become a symbol of prestige and well-being.
Care for dragon season at home
The rules are very simple. Since the plant came to us from Africa, it does not like strong watering. How to grow dragonflower at home? It is recommended to moisten the soil only twice a month. The plant loves light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight, feels great in partial shade. In the summer it is better to take it to the balcony, avoiding drafts. Instead of watering is allowed to spray the leaves or sprinkle them under the shower. Fertilizing is desirable in spring and summer. A transplant is needed in two years.
The main problem with growing associated with leaves. Greens easily lose their decorative qualities. First, the ends of the leaves dry at the dracaena, then it turns yellow completely. The flower quickly dies. Why do dracaena leaves turn yellow? Most likely the plant has problems with roots that are flooded with water. This happens for several reasons:
- large pot size,
- frequent watering
- fluid retention in the pan,
- unstable watering: then dry, then pour,
- not enough light
- The pot for dracaena is small, the roots are in the drainage.
Do not wait for the plant to turn yellow. As soon as dry ends of leaves appear in dracaena, it is advisable to transplant. This will save the plant from death. The dragon transplant at home is important for her to grow better. Planting technology is simple:
- Get a flower from the pot.
- Remove diseased roots.
- Put in a high drainage pot.
- Replace the earth.
- Roots sprinkle roots.
- To plant.
- Spill fungicides against diseases.
- Properly watered.
The most popular and frequently encountered variety is Marginata. It is also called: dracaena bordered, or dragon tree. It resembles a small palm tree, although with proper care it grows up to 2.5 meters. The tree trunk is lined with graceful, long, thin leaves. Growing a flower is simple. Due to the abundant green mass, the plant moisturizes and cleans the air. It grows almost everywhere: at home, in offices, public places. One of the varieties of the flower - red-bordered, or bicolor - has red-green leaves. See how the variety looks in the photo.
How to care for dragon plant Marginata? There are no special difficulties. The flower can not be poured, but it is recommended that the leaves are constantly moistened. It is necessary to avoid bright light and drafts. After purchase, it is desirable to transplant it into a new pot, replacing the ground. Shop flowers are planted in peat soil that holds water. The pot is chosen according to the size of the root part. Be sure to put a large layer of drainage on the bottom. By observing these simple conditions, you will grow a healthy plant that will bring you much joy. This kind of flower is very popular, as in this photo.
At the beginning of growth, this species resembles a bush, only then it becomes a single-stemmed plant. Only the variety Dracaena Mix grows completely without a trunk. The flower is very unpretentious, grows slowly, but reaches a height of one and a half meters. True, one of the varieties - Serprayz - grows only by 20 centimeters. The leaves of the plant are long and wide, often green, but there are varieties with stripes of white and yellow. The reproduction of the flower occurs by cuttings that grow during the month. It is advisable to replant this species once a year.
Dracaena flower, how to care at home
In home breeding, several types of the most unpretentious tropical plants are used more often, from which about 40 varieties are obtained:
- Dracaena fragrant plant blooms in favorable conditions even in the room.
- Dracaena Gosdef has oval variegated leaves.
- Marginata dracaena, which has leaves with a reddish border and a long, bare stem.
In spacious rooms with high ceilings grow plants like palm trees. The draginza Marginat, which can reach a three-meter height indoors, is best suited for this purpose.
Very decorative dracaena sander. It can be planted in a single container in several copies and create artistic weaves of trunks.
However, only healthy plants delight in their beauty. If the shrinking or deformation of the leaves begins, the plant is colonized by insects or it does not receive sufficient care, it is unlikely that such a specimen will please the eye. Before you buy dracenum, you need to examine the conditions of its content. Unpretentious dragon flower can be called relative to other tropical plants. With some inconvenience of content, it is reconciled, but there are factors that must be considered. See also the beautiful plant Tradescantia photo!
How to care for the dragon plant
The usual conditions for the maintenance of any indoor flower are the requirements:
- temperature conditions
- watering and feeding mode,
- features in the care of dragon stage.
It is easiest to create suitable temperature conditions for the evergreen. The summer temperature of 18-22 degrees in the conditions of a closed room is created naturally. Many office buildings have air conditioning, just to create the desired temperature in the summer. Кстати летом драцена может быть помещена в открытый контур лоджии или балкона.
Winter temperature of 15 ° C is most favorable for maintenance. Viability of dracaena is in the temperature range of 5-27 degrees.
How to care for drapes in a pot, if it does not tolerate direct sunlight, but loves a good light. The south window is a taboo for plant placement. A special stand at a distance of one and a half meters from the window on a hot afternoon will save leaves from burns. Traces of burns are visible as dark spots on the surface of the leaves, remain for as long as the leaf sits on the trunk. To help get the desired luminous flux, you can use artificial lighting. Motley foliage dragon need more light.
Creating a microclimate of humid tropics around a flower will become the most important task of preserving the decoration. Ways to charge:
The greater the temperature in the room, the greater the care required by the plant. You can increase the humidity in the room with the help of various evaporators. These can be diapers on radiators, an aquarium located nearby, a pallet with pebbles and sphagnum moss when the moisture gradually evaporates into the air.
However, the most effective is the regular spraying of plants with soft distilled water. Periodically, the plant should take a shower.
As soon as the top layer of the earth in the pot dries up during the warm season it is necessary to water the plant copiously. In winter, let the soil dry out during the week, since the winter period of its content is dangerous for the roots to rot in cold, moist soil.
The golden rule for all domestic plants is to dry rather than pour - for dracaenes it is important.
Irrigation water must be passed through a carbon filter. In extreme cases, charcoal can be thrown into the water during settling. Fertilizers for dracaena can be used universal, but the content of traces of fluoride is unacceptable. In the summer the plant is fed every week, in the winter - once a month.
Drafts are detrimental to the plant. Fresh air dracaena loves. Therefore, the airing should be maintained regularly, without excesses.
It happens, with insufficient lighting, the plant stretched out unnecessarily. Perhaps the trunk was bare, scarred by fallen leaves. This happens because the change of leaves is natural for dracaena. To shorten the plant and make it branch, you need to cut off the top of the stem with a stem of 10 -15 cm. After that, put the plant in a dark place and do not water until new leaves appear on it. This will update the flower with a fork.
The cut part can be used for breeding dragon stock. Open cuts are always sprinkled with crushed coal or treated with garden pitch.
Transplanting an adult plant in the care of the dragon tree at home is considered the basic condition for proper maintenance. In this case, the condition for the selection of the correct capacity. For a 40 cm plant, the pot needs a diameter of 15 cm.
Young plants are transplanted annually in spring. Soil purchased as a palm tree. Mandatory drainage layer. Watering the plant after transplantation is necessary, you can use the growth-stimulating roots.
Conditions blooming dracaena at home
Under all conditions of detention dracaena bloom. Especially fragrant fragrant dracaena. Flowers develop long, more than a year in the axils of the leaves, but then the brush fills the room with fragrance. Only 12 years later, a dracaena-bordered dracaena can bestow yellow flowers, bringing honey aroma into the room.
Blooming at home - a rare phenomenon. Often you have to contemplate just beautiful healthy foliage.
Air temperature and humidity
Although Dracaena and come from the warm edges, but this plant does not like the heat, arid air. The plant will fully develop in summer at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, and in winter at 15-18 ° C. It is also necessary to maintain the humidity of the air by placing a container next to water or spraying dracaena once a week.
How to water dracaena in winter
Already in autumn, the soil dries much slower, dracaena during this period and until the end of the winter cold rests. Accordingly, watering is needed less often. Its frequency is once a month. You need to focus on the drying of the soil, because the plant can stand near the heater, which means that watering will be needed more often.
It should be remembered that your home-palm flower does not tolerate frequent watering, because they lead to stagnant water and rotting of the roots, so do not make such an error in the care.
Top dressing and care of the soil
There are special complex feeding, which are designed specifically for indoor plants and are sold in stores. It is preferable for plants to fertilize in liquid form. They should be applied with water for irrigation. It should be borne in mind that it is better to do this during a period of active growth, that is, in spring and summer.
Many fans of indoor palms, and indeed flowers, are interested in their growth, so they want to provide them with suitable care.
An important question is how to fertilize dragon seed for rapid growth.
This plant requires the following elements: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the ratio of 3: 1: 3. Therefore, select the desired fertilizer, based on the presence in its composition of these substances.
Soil is very important for dracaena: nutritious and slightly acidic is preferred. You can buy ready-made soil in the store, there are special mixes for this type of deciduous plants. If you decide to prepare the soil yourself, then you need to take an equal number of parts: hardwood, sand, humus, turfy ground and peat.
Rules for trimming dracaena
Cutting dracaena can be done in cases of preventing the spread of the disease or in order to change the shape of the plant.Crop dracaena is in the rest period, ie, in winter. Be sure to disinfect the tools for pruning, as well as the place of the cut must be powdered with charcoal or wood ash. You can cut the top of the main trunk, after which the side shoots will begin to grow in the dracaena.
How to transplant dracaena
If you have recently purchased dracaena, then it needs a transplant. How often transplant dracaena? A young and actively growing plant needs to be replanted regularly - once a year, and the adult dragon plant is better transplanted once every two or three years. The best time for a transplant is a period of gradual withdrawal from the rest state: the end of winter is the beginning of spring.
Be sure to place a drain on the bottom of a new tank. The diameter of the tank itself should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.. Plant transplantation occurs by transferring an earthy coma with dracaena roots. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the root system.
After adding the required amount of soil, the soil should be watered and left in a shaded place. After shrinking, you can add more soil, if necessary.
There are seeds dracaena on sale, therefore, you can grow this plant from scratch. After studying some of the rules, you will learn how to germinate the dragon plant from the seeds.
Before sowing, seeds should be soaked in water at a temperature of 26-30 ° C for about a day. After that, you need to make a recess in the already prepared soil, put the seeds there, sprinkle with earth, cover with a film and put in a warm place.
Lighting should be sufficient. It is necessary from time to time to water and air the seeds. The first shoots will appear in about 1.5-2 months, and when the shoots reach a height of 6-7 cm, they can be transplanted into permanent pots.
In general, the cultivation of dracaena from seeds will take about 2 years.
For this method, you need to take only strong young stems about 4 cm long. Each such stalk should have 2-4 buds. Cutting the necessary part with a disinfected instrument, it is rooted into the prepared soil, providing watering and ventilation. It is better to make a small greenhouse cuttings with a plastic bottle.
Rooting and the emergence of the first shoots occurs within 1-1.5 months.