Planting and care of the bath does not require special skills. This is a unique perennial that will grow great in the sun and in the shade. Because of this, the plant can be a complement to a thick garden and perfectly fit into any landscape design.
Description of the appearance of the plant
Popularly, the cupola is often called the Solomon seal. In nature, it prefers to grow only in areas with a moderate subtropical climate. The flower belongs to the family of the Lileins. Bush grows up to 1.5 meters tall. Leaves lanceolate, large. Depending on the variety, flowers can be pink, white or cream.
Among the many types of the most popular are:
- Koupena many-flowered. With proper care, the bush reaches 1 m tall. Oval leafy plates. The plant blooms in June. In place of the blooming buds, blue fruits are formed.
- Koupena fragrant. A distinctive feature are the leaves that have a bluish tint. The plant grows to 80 cm tall. Blossoms bush from May to June.
- Koupena whorled. This is a low-growing variety, the height of which does not exceed 60 cm. Deciduous plates of lanceolate form. Their length is about 17 cm. White flowers, hanging down.
- Pink is no less popular. Her homeland is the land of China, Siberia. Differs flower stems reddish hue. Leaves slightly pubescent. They grow in whorls from 5 to 6 pieces. In an adult plant, they reach 15 cm. The buds are pink. At the end of flowering fruits appear in the form of elongated berries.
Planting and care of the bath
A kupena or garden lily is a flower that grows well on almost any soil. The best option is fertile and loose earth. On sunny areas with poor soil, the kupena grows poorly and blooms poorly.
When choosing a place for planting this beauty, you should take into account the depth of groundwater. This is due to the fact that kupena does not tolerate overwetted soil.
Plant the plant in open ground, best at the end of summer. Place for planting must first dig up to a depth of 20 to 25 cm. It is also recommended to put some ash in the soil and apply fertilizer with a calculation of 15 g per 1 m 2. An excellent option are complex mineral preparations.
After the plot is prepared, you need to make small grooves. At the bottom of each dimple put a good drainage of fine gravel or broken bricks. Top with a ball of soil with a small amount of compost. Once everything is ready, you can start planting plants.
Watering kupeny depends on what sort you grow in your garden. Multicolor lily of the valley should be irrigated moderately, but regularly. As for kupeni pink, broadleaf and drug, they rarely need to be watered. These varieties are afraid of overmoistened soil and tolerate drought well.
In too wet a substrate, mold and various fungal diseases develop.
Loosening the soil is an important procedure that must be carried out after each watering. But since the root system of the flower is located close to the top layer of soil, there is a risk of damaging it. Therefore, for kupena a good option would be mulching.
It is not necessary to feed the garden lily of the valley. But if you want the bush to grow faster and as often as possible please with its flowering, you should make mineral preparations twice a season. The first procedure should be carried out in April, and the second during flowering.
It is recommended before the onset of frost, to add a small amount of humus to the soil
This is the most popular way among gardeners. In order for the plant to start quickly and add to growth, it is necessary that the planting material be voluminous.
The detached part of the bush should be placed in a previously prepared recess and sprinkled with soil. Then the top layer of soil is well compacted and pour abundantly with warm water.
This breeding method is also used, but in order to grow seedlings from grains, it will be necessary to buy planting material. This is due to the fact that the seeds of the lily of the valley are very rarely tied, as the flower is pollinated only with the help of long-trunk bumblebees.
You should also remember that seed germination is very low and therefore it is necessary to carry out their stratification. But if you still chose the seed method of reproduction, the planting of grains is best done in late autumn.
At one place the flower is able to grow for about 15 years.
If done correctly, the first shoots can be seen only in the spring. Replant sprouts to a new place is not necessary.
Pests and wintering plants
With regard to disease, the bunt is one of the few crops that is resistant to various natural pests. But despite this, the bush can infect mucus, snails and caterpillars. Often this occurs in dry weather.
Garden lily perfectly tolerates frost and snow. But in order to protect the root system from freezing, it is recommended to cover it with branches or special fiber.
Kupena in landscape design
Due to its dense thickets, the kupena is a welcome guest in every garden. Thanks to its foliage, lily of the valley will hide all the flaws, thus creating a real paradise near a private house.
Also, the plant looks great with other flowers. Many designers combine bathing with asters, daisies and pansies.
Having planted this plant on your plot, you will certainly be satisfied, because even if the bush ottsvetet, thanks to graceful leaves, the planned composition will continue to exist, but already in new colors.
Flowers appear at the very beginning of summer, when there are still few flowering plants in the garden, and delight the eye with its white color and similarity with miniature bells. Inflorescence bisexual, collected in small groups in the axils of the leaves
Rhizome horizontal, it clearly shows the traces of dead shoots, resembling a seal.
Note! The second name, bought by the British, is “Solomon's seal” for thickening on the roots of a plant. The word “kupena” itself was formed from the ancient Greek “knee” and “set” for a long rhizome consisting of many joints. In Russia, it has many names - wolfberry, raven eye, hellebore, core, wolf's fang.
This perennial not only has decorative qualities, but is also a powerful medicine that can cure or alleviate the symptoms of many diseases.
Kupena: planting and care in the open field
The plant grows well on any soil and prefers settles in partial shade or shade. In nature, it grows under the canopy of forests and feels great in shady places.
He is a close relative of the lily of the valley in May, and was once part of the Landyshev family, now abolished. Now belongs to the family of Asparagus.
Lily of the valley close relative kupeny
The plant does not like close to the groundwater and die when the water stagnates.
Note! In places that are suitable for bathing, it quickly grows and begins to squeeze out the neighboring plants. In the garden it is very good to plant it under the trees, where it grows violently and eliminates the need to regularly weed out.
When to replace the bath? In principle, it is possible to plant a cupola in an open ground at any time of the year, since the plant has excellent survival. But it is best to transplant in late summer or early autumn, when the roots have gained a good supply of nutrients.
The seeds of the kupena reproduce very rarely, since for pollination the plants need long-trunk bumblebees, without them the ovary will simply not be. An exception is the kupen broadleaf, whose seeds ripen perfectly without these insects. Also, planting material quickly lose their germination and need stratification, and the cultivation process will take several years.
Growing kupen in pots
The fastest and most productive process of breeding lily of the valley garden (so-called amateur gardeners) - the division of the bush.
Planting kupeny and further care are very simple:
- At the site of the intended landing, a planting pit is dug, into which drainage and complex fertilizers are introduced.
- The pit is filled with fertile soil and compacted.
- Rhizomes are dug into the soil by 8-10 cm and around the bush they form a watering groove, into which 5 liters of water are poured.
- In the first couple of years of life in a new place after disembarkation, the bush develops slowly, and later with full rooting, the bush begins to grow and grow in width.
- Care is reduced to regular weeding and watering.
Interesting! Since kupena is a perennial plant, its roots and buds winter well in the ground. Numerous leaves, forming a dense carpet, die off for the winter, and grow back in the spring.
The ability of the garden lily of the valley to quickly fill shady garden corners, inevitably displacing weeds, undemanding to the soil and watering make this plant indispensable in landscape design.
Care for the bath after the growth of the bush is practically not required. The plant lives by itself and requires only restrictions in freedom, because, growing in different directions, it is able to flood all around.
Shrubs have high cold resistance, do not freeze and do not require any shelter for the winter, natural snow cover is quite enough.
Important! It is not necessary to plant a plant in a valley filled with spring meltwater, as garden lilies of the valley cannot stand the stagnant moisture and may even die.
Kupena: diseases and pests
Kupena is highly resistant to common plant diseases. During cold and rainy periods, the plant may be subjected to powdery mildew or gray rot. In this case, remove the affected areas and spray the remaining green mass with a solution of fungicide, observing the dosage given in the instructions.
The sawfly of Solomon, capable of gnawing leaves to skeletal veins, is a dangerous pest for the kupene. Larvae eat green mass, which lay small flying flies. Fight this scourge with insecticides.
Caterpillar pest kupeny
Sometimes plants are attacked by pests such as caterpillars and slugs affecting leaves and young shoots. In this case, you can try to use folk repellents, but it is much easier to apply a comprehensive means of pests and spray them with plants.
Useful properties of the bath
Garden lily has medicinal properties, contains a number of useful substances for the treatment of diseases: cardiac glycosides and flavonoids, ascorbic acid and alkaloids. In folk medicine, the plant is used to treat acute respiratory infections and bronchitis, pneumonia and rheumatism, fibroids and gout. Compresses with infusion kupeny perfectly cope with bruises and wounds, decoctions help in the fight against diseases of the stomach, including an ulcer.
Useful properties of the bath
Important! To combat boils and pimples, an alcoholic infusion of the plant is used, and to refresh and whiten the skin - rhizome juice. Garden lily helps in stopping bleeding, as an anesthetic and anti-inflammatory agent.
Despite the fact that the plant is poisonous, with proper heat treatment, poisons lose their poisonous ability and thus allow the use of products with a bath in a first-aid kit, use decoction and infusions in the treatment of various diseases.
Thus, the garden lily is not just a beautiful plant in landscape design, but also a useful shrub that can cure many ailments. In addition, the kupena is a weed fighter. Do not many gardeners dream of such a flower?
Kupena is unpretentious and grows fast.