Chrysanthemum - one of the latest flowers, pleasing with bright colors, when nature already stops before the first frost. And the plant is so unpretentious that it is able to bloom profusely in open ground and indoors. Enough simple care for chrysanthemum in a pot, and it will decorate the window sill until December, and even longer.
General rules. Chrysantemums are contraindicated in two things:
The optimum temperature for flowering of chrysanthemums is from +15 to +18 ° C. The plant hardly endures the summer heat, so it is better to put it on the window facing east or west. If there is no such window, then the chrysanthemum should be slightly covered from direct sunlight. However, the lack of light flowers can not stand. But they love fresh air, and if the apartment has an open balcony or loggia, then at least until mid-September the plant will be comfortable there.Proper moisture, watering and temperature are very important flower
Chrysanthemums: growing in the house
Chrysanthemums of modern varieties affect the abundance of flowering and the richness of the color of the inflorescences, the beautiful structure of terry or chamomile flowers. Breeders of the world continue to create new varieties of chrysanthemums with excellent decorative qualities.
Chrysanthemums are easily propagated by cuttings, grow beautifully and bloom on the windowsills of the admirers of these plants. Compared with exotic potted flowers, potted chrysanthemums are fairly undemanding to the conditions of detention (to light, to the acidity of the soil, etc.), have a relatively greater resistance to diseases and insect pests.
Healing properties of chrysanthemum
The superiority of room chrysanthemums over many other home plants is due to the fact that it harmoniously combines beauty and benefit.
Blooming chrysanthemum bush invariably attracts the eye not only because of the abundance of beautiful flowers, but also because of the interesting bluish color of the openwork leaves.
Cultivation of potted chrysanthemum
First, cut the chrysanthemum cuttings one by one into a small pot (9 cm in diameter). As it grows, the plant will need to be transferred to a larger pot (13 cm).
However, if the cuttings are separated and rooted from such a compact chrysanthemum, the plants that develop from them will eventually be higher than the mother plant. This happens because without making growth preparations the cutting will tend to achieve genetically programmed sizes according to the variety. This nuance is often associated with the disappointments of florist hoping to get from the rooted cuttings the exact same compact chrysanthemum as the purchased mother.
Large-flowered Indian chrysanthemums due to the formation of a single stem and a series of multiple nipping of the top shoots can be grown as a stem tree (always with a support so that the thin bole does not break under the weight of the crown). When such a “tree” of chrysanthemum with a lush crown is covered with large flowers, it is indescribable beauty!
Features care room chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum feels good in the house at a temperature not higher than 18 degrees. At warmer content, the buds can dry out, the inflorescences quickly fade, the leaves turn yellow.
Light and cool window - the best place to keep chrysanthemums in the house.
In March, transplant the plant into a fresh substrate.
After the end of spring frosts, a pot of chrysanthemum hibernating in an apartment can be taken out on the balcony or in the garden until flowering or the onset of autumn cold.
The roots of chrysanthemum do not need to comply with the narrow norms of soil acidity, but the reaction of the soil should not be acidic.
Potted chrysanthemum grows best in fertile and loose substrate (a mixture of sod or ordinary garden soil, humus, slightly decomposed peat in equal volumes).
The prepared substrate, into which the chrysanthemum will be transplanted, I pre-spill with boiling water and lightly dry to a state of flowability.
Rooted cuttings that have begun to grow, and young chrysanthemums require weekly fertilizing with a full complex fertilizer. Adult specimens need regular feeding during their active development and flowering.
Chrysanthemum is demanding to maintain the substrate's light moisture, overdrying the ground is harmful. Florists who grow potted chrysanthemums should not forget to moderately water these plants.
If disease develops, treat the chrysanthemum with a suitable fungicide.
If the chrysanthemum has pest insects (soil flies, aphids, thrips, etc.), then the soil layer and all the leaves of the plant should be treated with insecticide (for example, actellic, karbofos, topaz, decis, etc.). In an insecticide diluted with water according to the instructions, I add a little laundry detergent (the result is a slightly sticky - judging by the sensations of wet fingers - a solution). I spray the whole plant with a sprayer. When the solution dries out on the plant, the applied agent continues to act for a long time without harming it.
Chrysanthemums are less active than indoor roses. they are affected by a spider mite (in any case, my potted chrysanthemums, growing next to the home rose, were not infected by this species of living creatures).
An attack of pests on chrysanthemums and other indoor plants is possible if bringing home bouquets of flowers or in the warm season keep the unprotected window open (without a fine insect screen).
After quarantine is over, healthy chrysanthemum can be transplanted and delivered to other plants.
My experience of growing pot chrysanthemums shows that with proper care this wonderful plant grows well and flowers for a long time at home, including the colors we enjoy in late autumn and winter.
Gardenia.ru Floriculture: Pleasure and Benefit
Beautiful chrysanthemums (growing and care)
Growing chrysanthemums is not difficult, even for inexperienced florists. For them, well-lit areas with fertile, medium mechanical soil are suitable. Soil should not have an excess of organic fertilizers. When choosing a place for chrysanthemum should be remembered that they do not tolerate stagnant water. This plant is distinguished by its cold and drought resistance.
Chrysanthemums are considered quite resistant to disease and pest plants, but despite this, they can be affected:
Some growers use the biological characteristics of individual varieties of chrysanthemums for growing them in winter in indoor conditions. For flowering plants in January-March late-flowering varieties with a budding period of 12-14 weeks are used. This method of growing chrysanthemums is very expensive because it uses additional lighting.
How to grow chrysanthemums from seeds on your site?
When the first shoots appear, the shelter is removed. Caring for young chrysanthemums is the regular loosening of the soil, removing weeds and making additional dressings. One week after sprouting, they can be fed with liquid fertilizer, strongly diluted with water. For this purpose, suitable drugs such as "Rainbow" and "Ideal".
When the seedlings reach 5-10 cm in height, one plant is left in the hole. To do this, choose the strongest instances. The remaining seedlings can be carefully removed from the ground and planted elsewhere. Chrysanthemums bloom 40-50 days after the appearance of seedlings.
Growing chrysanthemums from seed seedlings
Growing chrysanthemums from seeds can be made through seedlings. At the same time flowering occurs much faster. Perennial chrysanthemums are grown only in this way. In February and March, seeds are sown in small boxes filled with nutrient soil mixture. For its preparation in equal proportions, you can take the soil from the greenhouse, humus and peat. Before sowing seeds, the soil mixture is sieved and steamed at a temperature of about 120 ° C. For seedlings fit and ready land for flowering plants.
Drainage must be poured at the bottom of the boxes (expanded clay, small stones, broken red bricks). On top of it fall asleep wet soil. Seeds are poured on its surface.
the seeds of annual chrysanthemums are covered with a layer of soil of 0.5 cm,
When 2-4 leaves appear, the plants dive into cups or pots. This will protect the root system of chrysanthemums from damage during transplantation. Strongly stretched and weakened seedlings are not suitable for diving. After this procedure, the plants are sprayed with a solution of "Zircon" or "Epin-Extra." These drugs help seedlings settle down faster.
Growing chrysanthemums at home: planting and care
Gardeners love chrysanthemum not only for beautiful lush flowering. It blooms one of the last, so it pleases the eye until the onset of cold weather. Chrysanthemum is common under natural conditions in North America, China, Europe and Asia. There are a large number of species. there are about 150 pieces. Chrysanthemums are grown not only in the garden as a flowering plant, protected ground is also used, and the flowers are used for cutting.
For cultivation on the site are two varieties: ground chrysanthemum and Korean.
Chrysanthemum belongs to the Aster family of Asteraceae. The flowering period lasts from September to October. Leaves sessile, green with a gray tinge, erect stems.
Inflorescence in chrysanthemum basket, it collected a large number of individual flowers.
The diameter of the inflorescence varies on average from 5 to 10 cm. The shape of the flowers can be varied. flat, pompononiform, anemone. Coloring has a wide palette, petals can be lilac, orange, crimson, pink, red, white, orange. From flowers comes a pleasant light scent.
The most common species that are grown in areas:
A chrysanthemum topped with a simple stem, height reaches 70 cm, although it may be less. Radical leaves do not linger on the plant for a long time. Inflorescences are single or grouped. Leaves of this species can be used in food. Chrysanthemum is an alpine low-growing plant, the average height is 15 cm. The leaves are collected in a rosette, single baskets with a diameter of 3 cm. The flowering period lasts from July to August. This variety looks great on the alpine hills, also grown in pots, curbs. Chrysanthemum keeled - one-year view, grows from 20 to 70 cm. The stem is erect, fleshy, the leaves are also dense. Inflorescences can be terry and semi-double, have a pronounced aroma. The flowering period lasts from June to September, the flowering is abundant. Chrysanthemum shrub high view, reaches 1 meter. The inflorescences are large, reach a diameter of 5 cm, terry or semi-double, can be located alone or in groups of 2-10 pieces. Flowers tubular or reed.
This is done in the middle of May. Flowering occurs only in the fall. if you want to see the flowers as soon as possible, then the seedlings are planted, it quickly adapts to the open ground and environmental conditions. Seeds of perennial chrysanthemums are sown at the end of January. If the winter is cold, you can wait another month and sow chrysanthemums in February. The development of seedlings is slow, so if you plant a flower in spring or later, the flowering will come only next year.
Soil for sowing seeds need light, you can cook it according to the following scheme:
1 part of humus
At the bottom of the tank for seedlings be sure to fit expanded clay, gravel or other material that acts as a drainage. Seeds of annual species are planted to a depth of no more than 1 cm. If the Korean chrysanthemum, the seeds are laid out on the surface. Sprouts will appear in about 2 weeks, under favorable conditions, the period may be reduced.
As long as the seedlings are in containers, the ambient temperature should be within 18 degrees. The soil should always be wet, for this it is periodically sprayed with a spray bottle to prevent drying. Water for spraying is used warm and defended. When a few full leaf appears, the plants dive into separate containers.
The seedling is transplanted in open ground in early June, and if the weather permits, then a little earlier.
On the site is chosen open sunny place. Close to the surface should not pass groundwater, chrysanthemums do not like stagnant water. The soil should be light and fertile. In autumn, chrysanthemums are dug up and stored until spring in a cool room. This is done only in the first year while the plants are not yet strong. No further shelter is required for the winter, especially if the winter is mild.
To grow chrysanthemums in the open field is very simple, but this does not mean that it does not require special conditions:
The most important thing is to choose a sunny plot. For chrysanthemums need to find a flat area. This is connected with the spring period, if the flowers are planted in the valley, that is, there is a big risk that during the melting of the snow, the water will drain and flood the plants. The same applies to rainy weather, a large amount of water can lead to the death of plants. The ideal option for chrysanthemums is a place near the hedges, it will transmit light for flowers and protect from the weather.
The flowering period of most varieties falls in the autumn, so the light regime should be as natural as possible. If changes are made, the petals of a flower can change their structure, the stem becomes less durable, the decorative effect of the flower is significantly reduced.
If the flower is not enough sun, then only flower buds will be formed. If the daylight increase, then the axillary buds, leaves and stems will be laid. That is, for the normal life of the plant, it needs an ordinary light day so that all processes go on as usual.
After planting, plants must be watered, especially in July. With a lack of moisture, especially in sunny dry weather, flower buds may not form. It is from them that inflorescences will grow in the future.
We must not forget to moisturize the soil in the first weeks after planting seedlings or cuttings that have not yet been rooted. The soil should be fertile, preferably loamy, with an acidity level of 6.5. Loamy soil retains heat well and can protect the flower during cold weather.
Planting room chrysanthemums
If you take a bucket of soil, then the bone meal will need a small pot, about 7 cm in size. The pot is not fully filled with compost, 1/3 of the capacity is not filled. In the mixture put a sprout. It is set so that the roots are on the surface, after which the remaining compost is poured. No need to firmly press the ground after planting, so as not to damage the roots. Also, several plants should not be close to each other.
At the initial stage of cultivation, the earth is moistened with a spray gun; it should not have time to dry out.
0.5 parts of dry manure
Watering is carried out the day before transplanting chrysanthemums in a new pot and immediately after. Until the stems of the plants are strong they will need support. It is not necessary to replant the plant anymore, only if the roots have broken through to the surface of the earth.
Chrysanthemums are not only able to decorate any interior. They are valued for the ability to grow them for cutting. For the latter, annual species are used, in particular chrysanthemum keeled. To actively develop pot chrysanthemums, you can use a variety of stimulating biopreparations. They activate the growth of dormant buds, after which the crown becomes thicker, and more buds are formed.
The following drugs are used:
Reproduction, care for chrysanthemums and possible problems
Chrysanthemums can be propagated by several methods:
The easiest way to propagate chrysanthemum is by cutting. In addition, guaranteed to get the same beautiful bush as an adult. The procedure is carried out in the spring and summer.
When the ambient temperature is set to +18 degrees, you can see that new shoots appear on the shrub with frosted leaves. These shoots will be used for breeding, they are pruned when they reach a length of no more than 25 cm. For rooting to occur successfully. A plot of land with rich loosened soil is being prepared, shading is being done.
The most common diseases and pests of chrysanthemums:
Mealy dew Root bacterial cancer Aphid Chrysanthemum nematode
How to grow chrysanthemums at home
How to grow chrysanthemums at home will be discussed in this article. Chrysanthemum without exaggeration is called the queen of the autumn garden. At a time when many species of plants have already lost their attractiveness, which causes brightness, charm, and durability of magnificent flowers, summer residents are happy to the most frost.
Contrary to the oncoming cold weather, due to its long flowering and high decorative qualities, chrysanthemums become a wonderful decoration of the summer cottage.
When planting chrysanthemums in open ground
Высаживать растения лучше всего в период с середины весны, когда почва достаточно прогрета и уходит угроза заморозков, до середины июня. В осенний период посадку следует осуществить не позднее середины сентября, дав возможность растению укорениться и адаптироваться до наступления холодов.
Для высадки хризантем в открытый грунт выбирают пасмурный день. Яркое солнце и жара могут негативно повлиять на высаживаемые черенки. The depth of the wells reaches 40 cm, in increments of 35-40 cm, poured over them with settled warm water. At the bottom of the hole, a 10 cm thick layer of drainage is filled, a layer of soil mixed with humus in a 10: 1 ratio is laid out on top. Chrysanthemum cuttings are placed on such a pillow, piled up on top of the ground, but not deeply buried. In conclusion, you need to water the plants.
During the first days, the planted cuttings of chrysanthemums should preferably be protected from sunlight by pulling the fabric over the flowerbed, but avoiding contact with the plants. After 5-7 days after disembarkation (if rooted shoots are planted), the first pinching should be carried out, removing the top point of the germ. Three weeks later, the upper part is removed from the shoot with several lateral nodes already formed. Thus, the second nipping of the shoots is carried out.
During active growth of chrysanthemums, pasynkovanie must be carried out - remove shoots that are formed from the lateral sinuses on the main stem (you can leave up to 6 pieces). In the autumn, all summer inflorescences are removed from the stem, leaving only those that began to develop in late August. Also be sure to leave the central bud at the top of each shoot.
How to water chrysanthemums
Now you know how to grow chrysanthemums at home, then you should consider how to care for them. Watering chrysanthemums should be given serious attention. It should be not frequent, but plentiful. Chrysanthemums do not tolerate excess moisture - the roots can rot, then the cold period of the plant will not tolerate for sure. But overdrying the soil should not be, because the root system of these beauties is not deep, but in breadth. If the soil is dry, the stems will become stiff, the flowers will simply wither and the plants may die. In addition, the lack of moisture will adversely affect the decorative colors. In dry time, plants need to be sprayed, which is carried out early in the morning or in the evening.
How to fertilize chrysanthemums
Actively fertilize the soil with planted flowers should be only in the period of their growth, before the onset of flowering. You can feed seedlings in August - September once in two weeks with phosphate and potash fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers are ideal for building green mass. It is important to ensure that water with diluted chemicals does not fall on the leaves of flowers. Fertilizers are applied at the root, distributing 1 liter of solution to each hive. It is important on the eve of dressing to carry out watering the flower beds.
Caring for chrysanthemums also means combating weed . loosening the soil and processing plants to prevent invasion pests . To loosen the ground in the flower bed should be very careful not to damage the root system. As soon as the chrysanthemum bush is ready to open the first buds, the loosening, as well as top dressing, should be stopped.
Great benefit will bring soil mulching - technology that allows to achieve significant success in gardening. As mulch is widely used grass, straw, pine sawdust, bark, wood chips. Spread it on the surface of the soil with a layer thickness of up to 3 cm. Mulch in this case can act as a kind of decorative element of the flowerbed.
Using this technology helps a gardener:
- Protect the ground against too rapid evaporation of moisture.
- Keep plants from overheating in summer and freezing in winter.
- To establish the effective work of beneficial microorganisms in the soil, thereby preventing the leaching and weathering of useful substances from the soil.
- To stop the growth of weeds.
- Protect flowers from pest infestation.
- Avoid contamination of leaves with soil when watering or during rain, which can lead to their disease or parasites on their surface.
- Powdery dew, a sign of which is a white powdery coating on all parts of the plant. This disease requires the introduction of a sufficient amount of phosphate and potash fertilizers, regular removal of old leaves and root-watering without moisture on the leaves.
- Nematodia, in which the leaves appear bright spots limited veins. Then they turn black and dry out. Methods of struggle: the treatment of land with steam, disinfection with formalin or carbothion. Sick bushes are kept in hot water (55 ° C) for 5 minutes. After this treatment, they are planted in decontaminated soil.
- Field or meadow bug eating plant juices. Methods of control: spraying with various insecticides ("Karbofos", "Decis", "Fury").
- Spider mite, damaging the leaves from the bottom. Methods of struggle: spraying "karbofos".
- Small-flowered, which have many shoots, topped with numerous (up to 800 pieces) small inflorescences, with a diameter of 2-9 cm.
- Large-flowered, reaching a height of 1-1.2 meters. On their stems is 1-10 large inflorescences.
- Seeds of perennial varieties are left on the surface of the soil, only by pressing them with a palm.
- Mulberry chrysanthemum (Chinese) - bred artificially, this is a stunted plant whose height ranges from 30 to 130 cm. The shoots are upright, woody over time. The inflorescences can be simple, semi-double or terry, reach an average diameter of 6 cm, emit a pleasant light scent.
- Korean chrysanthemums occurred in a hybrid way. Flowers can reach a diameter of 15 cm, the maximum height of a shrub is 1 meter.
- 2 pieces of leafy ground
- In addition, the plant should not be affected by wind and drafts, so it is advisable that the flowers block the fence or the house.
- If the soil does not have time to dry because of the large amount of precipitation, then it is not necessary to water the plant.
- If there is an excess of moisture, the plant will not feel bad, but the more succulent the shoots are, the greater the risks that they will freeze in autumn frosts.
- Garden arable land
- Coarse sand
- Granulated peat
- Bone flour
Sprouts immediately need to provide bright sunlight. The optimum temperature at night is up to 10 degrees. Within a month, the root system should completely fill the pot. After that, the young plant is transplanted into a larger pot. For adult plants will require a slightly different composition of the soil, it will include the following components:
1 part of sand 1 part of peat 3 parts of garden soil A handful of bone meal
It was experimentally proved that the use of a light solution of potassium humate leads to an acceleration of plant development, an increase in the root system, an increase in the size of buds and a general decorative effect of plants.
Each method has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. The division of the bush is made immediately after the winter. It is necessary to have time to do this until young shoots appear. In the evening, the shrub is dug out of the ground, and the rhizome is divided into several parts. These parts are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and land on the site.
The site is chosen sunny, between bushes adhere to a distance of 50 cm. Watering is carried out by a thin stream directly under the root. In the fall, a part of the shrub leans and clinging to the ground. To keep the branch well used brackets. In the spring of this place will begin to grow a new escape with its root system. In May, the land is removed, and the new escape is cut off. It can be left at the same place or transplanted to a new one.
After the threat of frost has passed and the earth has thawed out at a depth of 30 cm, suitable uterine bushes are selected with a life span of more than 1 year. Before breeding flowers can feed. Between cuttings should be a distance of 20 cm.
The first month you need to carefully monitor the soil moisture, otherwise the roots will not be formed. At first it may seem that the cuttings wither, but when the root system forms, they will come alive and begin to grow actively.
Young chrysanthemums need fertilizing every 2 weeks, if the weather is unfavorable, or the soil is poor, then you can apply fertilizer every week.
If a large number of buds or flower stalks were formed, the smallest and weakest ones should be removed. Then the rest will be bigger and brighter.
Gray rot Leaf rust Leaf spotting Meadow bug
Most of the problems arise due to improper care of the chrysanthemum, in particular, insufficient or excessive watering. High humidity can lead to diseases.
Chrysanthemum is an unpretentious plant, however, to obtain a lush shrub need to comply with certain conditions. Nutritious soil and bright light are the main factors for large bright inflorescences.
More information about planting chrysanthemums can be found in the video.
House chrysanthemums: care and maintenance
Chrysanthemum in a pot: home care
Late chrysanthemums delight all summer residents with their abundant flowering. But there is also an option for lovers of these flowers, who do not have their own personal plots, - home chrysanthemums. growing in small pots. Compact floriferous bushes will delight you with their bright colors in late autumn.
It is worth considering that in fact, home chrysanthemums do not exist. Potted plants are common chrysanthemums, cuttings of which were grafted and planted in pots. But chrysanthemums in pots reach only 30 cm in height, when ordinary plants can grow up to 120 cm. Do not think that dwarf chrysanthemums grow in pots. No, everything is much simpler.
Modern breeders have learned inhibit plant growth with the help of special drugs - retardants. so that home chrysanthemums look like small bushes. If you plant the cuttings of a purchased chrysanthemum in a pot, you will get the most common chrysanthemum, which genetically seeks to form long woody stems.
Home Chrysanthemum: Care
Despite the fact that indoor chrysanthemum is a common garden plant, you need to care for it a little differently. To begin with about watering. House chrysanthemums like wet soil, so water them 2-3 times a week. Soil drying is best avoided. Also, it is not necessary to allow too much wetting of the soil so that the plant does not start root rot.
Home Chrysanthemum required to spray at least twice a week. Garden plants do not tolerate moisture on the leaves, but in the case of home chrysanthemums, spraying will help you maintain the correct moisture around the plant. For spraying chrysanthemums, take only separated water.
Chrysanthemums in pots how to care at home
Home chrysanthemums do not like too hot air. The most comfortable temperature for them is 18 ° С. If the temperature in the house is above 18 ° C, this does not mean that the plant will die. High temperatures will negatively affect the leaves and buds of chrysanthemums. The buds will dry up without ever having blossomed. The leaves will begin to turn yellow. Therefore, choose the right place for your chrysanthemum. Best of all it will suit a bright and not very hot place. Also, do not allow direct sunlight on the leaves of the plant. Chrysanthemums do not like this.
All chrysanthemums are plants of short daylight, so they begin to bloom in autumn. when light day lasts only 8-9 hours. Until this time, the plant is just beginning to form buds. It happens that too many buds form on the plant, so the chrysanthemum will bloom with very small flowers. If you want to form larger flowers and speed up the flowering time of the plant, remove small buds on the shoots, leaving only the largest ones.
House chrysanthemums are considered annual flowers. so after they bloom, they are thrown away. But you can save the plant and next year it will delight you with its flowers again. To do this, after flowering, cut off the chrysanthemum and put it in a cool place (1-3 ° C). In the spring, when shoots begin to appear, transplant the chrysanthemum into a new substrate and bring the pot to fresh air. You can also plant new cuttings of plants and grow them in the garden.
During the period of active growth, many are afraid to pluck the plants, so instead of a beautiful bush a long stem is formed. Do not be afraid to shape your plant. He must have a sufficient number of side shoots, otherwise you will only grow a straight trunk. Also do not forget about feeding your chrysanthemum during the period of active growth.
Without complying with all the rules, your home chrysanthemums will not delight you with their abundant and long flowering.
Care for chrysanthemum in a pot at home
Chrysanthemum in a pot: rules for caring for chrysanthemum at home
As soon as autumn comes, flower shops put up pots with bright balloons of chrysanthemums for everyone to see. Sometimes they are bought as a one-time bouquet and discarded after flowering. But this is not the only option. Chrysanthemum in a pot can be successfully grown on a windowsill for many years. Or, with the onset of spring, transplant it into an exhaust gas (open ground).
What are chrysanthemums grown in pots?
For growing in indoor conditions and on balconies suitable undersized varieties of Chinese chrysanthemum or mulberry (Chrysanthemum x morifolium). It is richly flowering bushes, reaching a height of 15-70 cm. They can be large-flowered (flowers diameter 2.5-5 cm) or small-flowered (flowers diameter up to 2.5 cm). The flowering forms of Chinese chrysanthemum can also be different. In home culture popular varieties form "Charm" ("Red Charm", "Yellow Charm", etc.), blooming with a huge hat of baskets-inflorescences of different colors. Good and low "Minimum" - dwarf spray chrysanthemums, barely growing to 15-20 cm in height. But of particular interest to collectors are the so-called ampelous forms "Cascade" ("White Cascade", "Pink Cascade", etc.).
In addition to chrysanthemums, mulberry in protected ground cultivates low-growing varieties of Korean chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum x koreanum). Korean chrysanthemums of the Multiflora series, which turn into bright flowering pillows in autumn, are distinguished by the spherical shape of the bush. Popular varieties "Orange Jam", "Navara", "Stella", etc. For the similarity with the blooming balls, the specimens from the multiflora series are called spherical chrysanthemums.
Korean chrysanthemums bloom profusely in pots and in the open field
Indian chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum x indicum L.) are found on sale in pots. These plants in our latitudes were originally intended for cultivation in protected ground. Their habitats: window sills, glazed balconies, greenhouses, winter gardens. Grades: "Altgold", "Snow Elf", "Aurora", "Helen" and others.
Indian chrysanthemums - sissies, they are able to grow only indoors: in pots on the windowsill, in winter gardens, greenhouses
However, when you buy a spray chrysanthemum in a pot, you do not need to know its type and variety. For any pot chrysanthemum care at home is the same.
Watering and spraying
Chrysanthemums need good watering, but without excessive moisture. In other words, to arrange a swamp in a pot is not worth it. It is also impossible to put the pot in the pan and constantly add water there. Water the chrysanthemum only after the top layer of the substrate has dried. Remember that any chrysanthemum, even in a pot, was originally a garden plant. And it needs a lot of humidity. Therefore, when growing chrysanthemum, care should include regular spraying water. As an alternative - the installation next to a pot of chrysanthemum cans with water, pallets with wet clay, an air humidifier. When growing chrysanthemums in the fall on the open balcony, where the humidity is already high, additional spraying should be excluded.
How to keep chrysanthemums in winter?
In winter, the chrysanthemum should rest and gain strength before the new vegetation. You can winter the plants:
1. In a bright cool room (on the veranda, warmed balcony, at the entrance)
After flowering, the potted chrysanthemum is cut to 10-15 cm and put in a cool bright room for wintering. The optimum temperature is 3-8 ° C. Water the plant rarely, only after the coma of the earth has dried on 2 phalanxes. Usually watering is required 1 time per month.
If there is no cool room, in winter the chrysanthemum may remain on the windowsill in the house. In this case, the plant is cut minimally, with the obligatory removal of faded buds, dry twigs and leaves. Watering is carried out in the same way as during the growing season.
For wintering chrysanthemums in a pot should pick up the light and the coldest sill in the house
Chrysanthemums for the winter can be placed in the basement. This method is very popular among owners of garden thermophilic chrysanthemums, therefore, it is quite suitable for their pottery counterparts. To prepare the plant for the winter, all the dried twigs, flowers, rotted parts pruned. The bush is cut to a height of 10-15 cm. A couple of days before wintering begins, potted earth should be watered. By the time the chrysanthemum is placed in the basement, the ground should be slightly damp, but not damp.
Some varieties of potted chrysanthemums are capable of hibernating in the ground with shelter. Another thing is that to guess whether a particular instance will overwinter is very difficult. If you decide to risk, with the onset of the first frost, cut off the stems of chrysanthemums to a height of 10 cm and cover them with dry earth, peat or dry leaves. From above - cover with a film or other covering material.
House chrysanthemums: care during the growing season (spring and summer)
Already in March, the growing season should begin for home chrysanthemums. Поэтому выполняют следующее:
1. Пересаживают хризантему в новый грунт
Грунт для хризантемы должен быть нейтральным, водо- и влагопроницаемым, питательным. Очень хорошие результаты дает посадка хризантемы в субстрат, составленный по следующей схеме: дерновая земля + огородная земля + песок + перегной (перепревший навоз, куриный помет) в соотношении 4:4:1:1. Young chrysanthemums each year will require a new transplant in a larger pot. Mature plants need to increase the "living space" every 2 years.
2. Put the plant pot on the sunny window-sill, balcony, in the garden (at steady plus temperatures)
Home chrysanthemum in spring can be planted in open ground. Over the summer, it will grow, it will bloom profusely in autumn. In winter, it will have to be dug up, put back in a pot and sent for wintering in a non-freezing room.
Home chrysanthemum feels good outdoors
3. Begin regular watering, fertilization
After transplantation, the first fertilizer application will be needed no sooner than after 2 weeks. If humus has been introduced into the substrate, it is possible not to recall the month of feedings. In spring and summer, the chrysanthemum will form a bush, so fertilizers should be selected for fertilizing with a predominance of nitrogen (N). Only in the middle of summer, for the formation of buds, potassium-phosphate fertilizers will be required (mineral fertilizers “for flowering” will be suitable).
When buying a home chrysanthemum is usually similar to a flowering cloud of a spherical shape. So that in the future it was just as decorative, it will have to be formed. New growing shoots pinch several times. In most cases, 2-3 pinches are sufficient during the spring-summer period. Pinching, firstly, does not allow the branches to grow beyond the limits of the formed “ball”, and, secondly, stimulates the growth of new shoots on which flower buds will be laid.
Chrysanthemum Shrub Shaped Like a Blooming Orb
Why the chrysanthemum does not bloom?
Any chrysanthemum in the fall should bloom. This law can be violated only with errors in the care of the plant. The most common ones are:
Low illumination (low light intensity, too long (more than 10 hours) or, conversely, short (less than 7 hours) light day). Late trimming (nip). Poor soil and lack of fertilizing (containing phosphorus and potassium).
Eliminate the errors found and your pot chrysanthemum is sure to thank you with a lush and long flowering.