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14 edible perennial crops that can be grown in your garden

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If you have just purchased a garden plot and a novice in the art of gardening, the question naturally arises what to plant a vegetable garden.

To answer this question is not enough to give a list of vegetables and berries, because the crops cultivated in Russia are many.

So start by answering five questions:

  1. What are the preferences in vegetables and berries for you and family members?
  2. Do you want to grow crops for storage, canning - with a reserve, or just for the summer-autumn season, to eat fresh produce?
  3. Can you take care of the garden every day, every other day or just two days a week?
  4. How well is your area lit by the sun?
  5. How suitable are climatic conditions for growing vegetables and berries?

Why these five questions? Because all others that may arise are solvable. For example: soil quality is very important for planting a vegetable garden, the proximity of groundwater, but if you like, you can cope with this topic. The soil can be refined, raise the site, provide drainage. But if the territory of the garden is under the shading of tall trees, the sun rarely appears, or only through the shroud of openwork foliage of pines and birches, with all the desire you will not grow all the crops.

Planning a landing

  1. Draw a plan of your plot on graph paper, to scale. The format is not less than A3. No need to make a sketch by hand on the knee, make accurate measurements. You will need a tape measure and an assistant.
  2. Mark on the plot of the plot all the buildings that are available and planned: a house, a shed, utility rooms, swings, gazebos, a barbecue area or a swimming pool, all flower beds, a compost pile. Separately celebrate the vineyard (if it is or is planned).
  3. Make a copy of the site plan, for example, on tracing paper or redraw, copy, as there may be several options.
  4. In all the space free from buildings and flowerbeds, select the zones by illumination: the most sunny and shady places. To do this, spend the day and carefully look where the shadow falls from the trees and buildings.
  5. Mark the water source.
  6. Choose places where you can put greenhouses or greenhouse - this is the widest area. Consider the distance to the track and the aisle. The passage for the car should be at least 50-60 cm, the larger the area, the greater the width of the tracks you can afford. But if the plot is small, it all depends on your appetite: you are ready to do with 30-cm walkways between the beds or you need more to turn around during weeding.
  7. If you have compiled a large list of planned plantings in the garden, it is better to make more narrow beds 45-60 cm than wide meters.

The optimal size of the beds

The beds should be planned in such sizes that it was easy to care for them: sow, plant seedlings, weed and stretch with a watering can.

Therefore, the ideal size is a width of 80 cm, length - 3-4m, height 35 cm (for beds with fencing). If you have a lot of helpers of children’s age, for example, on holidays we are helping your grandchildren and children to study, the best width is 70 cm.

With such dimensions, it is convenient for everyone to reach out with a hand on each side of the row spacing to the middle of the bed.

The maximum allowable bed width is 1 m, for cabbages that are planted in two rows you can take 100-120 cm. Row spacing is at least 30 cm, optimally 40 cm, if you need a wheelbarrow to drive to the garden, then 50 cm. where each centimeter is expensive. If your site is quite large, feel free to leave the aisles 60-80 cm wide.

Who needs beds

There are vegetable crops that always grow in a separate territory, each in its own garden. Moreover, some crops cannot grow even on neighboring beds - see the compatibility of vegetable crops.

But some vegetables or greens do not need a separate corner of the garden, and can be planted to the main crop, it is: radishes, dill, lettuce, beets, turnips, beans.

Radish, dill and leafy greens can be grown as a bed compactor. For example, radishes and lettuce are perfectly combined with carrots. Radishes can also be planted in the garden with kohlrabi cabbage or between tomato bushes.

Beans can be planted on the edge of a potato field or next to tomatoes or cucumbers.

Salad - on the garden with onions, between cabbage bushes or to the cucumbers.

Beetroot grows well on the edge of the beds, especially if they are low, without sides. It can be beds with carrots, cabbage, onions, cucumbers. You can plant a beet curb near the beds with strawberries. Remarkably beet adjacent to grapes.

Grapes generally love some vegetables, and the place next to the vines can be taken: radish, beet, dill, cauliflower, spinach or sorrel.

Turnip is more categorical, but you can make a joint bed: turnip with beets, carrots, watercress. You can combine turnips with radish, celery or spinach.

Raspberries can be planted without beds, for example, along the fence, next to fruit trees, and you can make a separate raspberries - this is not a fenced area, in two or three rows of raspberry bushes, about 70 cm wide, with the installation of a support for tying. Two rows of raspberries can be quite fit on one and a half meters of land, in the middle there is a passage 30 cm wide. And sorrel should be planted next to the raspberries - it does not allow the raspberries to grow like a weed. No vegetables and berries under the raspberry bushes can not be planted.

What to grow in the garden

Here we come to the moment when the beds are laid out, it's time to decide what to plant. We make the wishes of family members and look at the list:

  • Tomatoes
  • Eggplant
  • Bulgarian pepper and spicy
  • Cucumbers for canning and for salad
  • Beet
  • Carrot
  • Onions for the winter and for canning
  • White cabbage, early, middle, late,
  • Cauliflower
  • Kohlrabi
  • Radish,
  • Turnip
  • Daikon
  • Garlic
  • Zucchini
  • Squash
  • Pumpkin
  • Beans
  • Sheet Salad
  • Head lettuce
  • Dill
  • Parsley
  • Watermelon
  • Peas
  • Corn
  • Early potatoes
  • Strawberries
  • Strawberry
  • Raspberries

Yes, the list came out long ... What to do? And now we need to delete the extra. To begin with, we make a reservation that we grow not for sale, but for ourselves. Commercial garden - this is a completely different article.

Therefore, if the territory of the garden and the planned beds are clearly not enough for the desired list, it is necessary to cross out the superfluous according to the principle of expediency and profitability of cultivation.

For example, potatoes - in order to provide a family with potatoes for the winter, a garden is not needed, but a separate potato field, a plot. But it is quite possible to grow early potatoes, at a time when it is extremely expensive in stores, and in the basement it was already soft and sprouted. In this case, it is enough for you to plant only about a dozen bushes to provide for a month a family of 3-4 people with potatoes (conditionally).

Cross out the list of desired vegetables and berries according to a more convenient principle for you:

  • which is the hardest to grow
  • which are the cheapest on the market or in the store (easier to buy)
  • which require more time than you can give them
  • which is more difficult to provide the desired temperature, light and water
  • which are incompatible with the other cultures you need

The yield of various garden crops is very different, some occupy a large area, but produce a small crop, for example, peas. The yield is highly dependent on the variety, it takes up a lot of space, and by and large, not everybody can make good peas.

Or corn - takes a decent territory, its yield does not justify, if the plot is small. In addition, few people like corn from vegetables - their grapes and beets do not tolerate.

But radish - culture undemanding and very profitable. Early vegetables are always very expensive, but the most desirable, and such as radishes, combined with many vegetables and berries, are very justified. The same applies to leaf lettuce, basil. Dill in general can not be grown on purpose - it perfectly fills the garden plots with self seeding, where it is convenient for it.

If you have a young child who is prone to allergies or who for any reason has to go for a diet, you may need to abandon certain crops, such as spices, legumes (except siderats), daikon and allergenic berries, but select a sun bed for watermelons , melons or more beds planted with cauliflower.

Or take a vegetable like eggplant - it's easy to grow it, find a place in the garden too, and it's more profitable to grow than buy - the prices for eggplants are high all year round, and the vegetable goes to a lot of snacks and pickles.

And yet, the main criterion that determines what to plant in the country remains climatic conditions, because it is simply not possible to make a plant in the shadows produce fruit that requires a lot of light. With all the desire, you can not grow watermelons, if the plot is not sunny and warm.

Final garden plan

So, the list is compiled, the possibilities have figured, is it time to plant? No, wait. You want a rich harvest. Do not forget about the compatibility of crops in the garden.

Take the plan-scheme drawn up earlier. Now from the colored paper cut the shapes of the beds of different colors according to the scale of the scheme. Sign and arrange on the diagram as you see fit, not forgetting the orientation: the beds should be located from north to south. Then compare with the crop compatibility table, are all the neighbors friendly?

If there were antagonists next to culture, move the beds on the diagram and select the best combination. If you can not combine some of the vegetables, discard the less necessary. It is better to get a good harvest of one of them than a bad crop or incidence from both.

Do not forget that vegetables and berries compete for moisture, food, light, but there is also a temporary space. Some vegetables may take the beds in turn, giving way to each other. For example, radishes - carrots and onions.

As you remember, we made several copies of the garden plan. Save the first option, and next year make the second option, taking into account the rotation. Perhaps you will give up some vegetables or berries and try others, and maybe just change the beds in some places.

Adding an article to a new collection

Most of the crops grown in the garden, clean with the onset of autumn. But in nature there are perennials that can grow in one place without a transplant of 5-7 years. We will tell you what these plants are and how to grow them on your site.

As a rule, it is greens, various types of onions and spicy herbs. They all need minimal care, so they are ideal for beginners.

This cold-resistant onion tolerates drought well and is able to grow in one place up to 6 years. In the spring it grows quickly and provides gardeners with juicy greens. It is cut off in dry weather, when the leaves reach a length of 20-25 cm.

It is better to give preference to varieties with a late flowering period - Gulden, Damask, Zelenets, Emerald, Kaigaro, Katana, Ladoga, Trinity, Pierrot.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

Better predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

2 cm - on heavy soils, 3 cm - on light

Salad, Chinese cabbage, dill

Kohlrabi, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beets, carrots, tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce, chicory, leeks, garlic, strawberries, tobacco, cucumber, calendula, savory

Radish, radish, beans, peas, sage, white cabbage

In the spring and autumn make 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and superphosphate, 0.5 st.l. potassium sulfate

This culture is often called Oriental and Tatar horseradish. Its thick, fleshy and long roots really look like hell, but they have a less bitter taste. In the fall, leaves and roots of katran are used for pickling and pickling in the spring, and young shoots with leaves are also eaten in spring: they are boiled or freshly chopped into salads.

Qatran tolerates drought and cold. The plant propagates by rhizome and seeds (they are very large - about 1 cm in diameter). Seeds are sown before winter (September-October) in neutral nutrient soil. Previously, 1 square meter of a half-bed of rotted compost and 1 cup of hydrated lime are made.

Recommended varieties of katran for growing in the middle lane: Accord, Picadrome.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

Potato, tomato, cucumber

Potatoes, fragrant herbs

Strawberries, tomatoes, beans

In the spring and autumn make 1-1.5 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate in 10 liters of water, 2 tbsp. superphosphate (granules)

3. Layered onions

This plant looks very original due to air bulbs (bulbs), which are located in several tiers. Bulbs are planted in the garden in spring or autumn, and at home on the windowsill they can be grown all year round.

The best varieties of tiered onions: Likova, Memory, Chelyabinsk.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

10 cm - for basal bulbs, 6-8 cm - for bulbochka

Peas, beans, beans

Kohlrabi, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beets, carrots, tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce, chicory, leeks, garlic, strawberries, tobacco, cucumber, calendula, savory

Radish, radish, beans, peas, sage, white cabbage

In the spring and autumn make 2 tbsp. superphosphate, 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate

Each type of mint has its own beneficial properties. Therefore, if the territory allows, try to grow several crops: peppermint (varieties Openwork, Bergamotnaya, Spring, Medic), water, field (In memory of Kirichenko), chocolate, cat (Basilio, Velvet), garden. Most often, it is peppermint grown on the dacha plots.

Peppermint is propagated by roots, cuttings and seeds. For this fragrant plant, it is recommended to set aside a separate fenced garden bed, since its powerful root system can spread across the plot and oppress vegetable crops.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

Best Ancestors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

Tomato, beans, melon, any root vegetables

Cabbage of all kinds, potatoes

In the spring make 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium salt in 10 liters of water

Stalks of rhubarb are distinguished by a delicate taste with sourness. From them cook jelly, compotes, jam, stuffing for pies. The color of the petioles may be red or green, depending on the variety.

The best varieties of rhubarb: Altai Dawns, Beauty, Victoria, Zaryanka, Malachite, Stubborn, Candied.

Rhubarb is well propagated by seeds and grows in one place for about 10 years. But for proper development, the plant must provide a fertile, loose and fairly moist soil.

Seeds are soaked in wet gauze and sown in grooves after the emergence of sprouts. When a pair of true leaves appear on the sprouts, the crops are thinned so that the distance between the seedlings is at least 20 cm.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

Salad, radish, different types of onions

Perennial onions, horseradish, peas, cabbage, radishes, lettuce, celery, beans, spinach

In the spring and autumn make 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate and 2 tbsp. superphosphate

This onion has flat, smooth and juicy leaves with rounded ends. The plant contains a lot of iron, so it is useful for anemia. Onions slizun can grow in one place for 6-8 years, it is unpretentious, leaves under the snow together with leaves, and in early spring after the snow melts, it supplies the gardeners with useful greens again.

Recommended varieties of onion slizuna: Waltz, Dwarf, Fount of health, Leader, Green, Charm, Salad, Simbir.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

Cabbage, tomato, cucumber, radish, potatoes

Kohlrabi, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beets, carrots, tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce, chicory, leeks, garlic, strawberries, tobacco, cucumber, calendula, savory

Radish, radish, beans, peas, sage, white cabbage

In the spring make 1 tbsp. urea and special fertilizer for onions and garlic

7. Jerusalem artichoke

Topinambur flowers, similar to small sunflowers, will be an excellent decoration of the garden, and its tubers (the so-called earthen pears) due to the high content of useful substances will help to cope with almost all ailments.

In the middle band, Jerusalem artichokes are propagated by tubers. They are planted in rows in late April - early May or autumn. The plant is undemanding to the type of soil, but it is important that it be non-acidic. The culture is unpretentious and drought-resistant, needs only dry summer for watering.

Top grades of Jerusalem artichoke: Interest, Omsk white, Ragging, Sunny, Pasko.

Landing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

45 × 65 or 60 × 60 cm

Potatoes, cabbage, cucumber

Corn, potato, raspberry, currant

In the spring make 2 tbsp. Fertilizers, once every 2-3 years watered mullein (1:15)

Horseradish grows well without any care and can live in one place for up to 10 years, but in order to get more juicy roots, the plant needs to provide acidified and moist soil.

Horseradish is propagated by root cuttings with a diameter of 0.7-1.5 cm and a length of 20-25 cm. They are planted in spring or autumn, while being buried obliquely at an angle of 45 degrees so that there is a layer of earth 4-5 cm thick above the top point.

Horseradish varieties recommended for growing: Atlant, Valkovsky.

Landing depth

Landing pattern

The best predecessors

Хорошие соседи

Нежелательные соседи

Подкормка (на 1 кв.м)

4 см земли над корешком

Картофель, томат, огурец, свекла, бобовые

Potatoes, fragrant herbs

Strawberry, tomato, beans

In the spring make 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate in 10 liters of water

Thyme (aka thyme) and beautiful, and fragrant, and healthy. Broths and infusions of dried thyme (by the way, raw materials are harvested in July-August) will help to save money on medicines for colds and various diseases of internal organs. A tea with thyme relieve depression and insomnia.

Thyme can grow on any soil, can bloom in the shade, but feels better in the bright sun. The main method for growing this spicy herb is mulching with compost (a layer of 3-5 cm) in spring and autumn. You can even do without watering, because thyme tolerates drought well. But for the winter in the middle zone it is recommended to cover the bushes to protect against freezing.

The best varieties of thyme: Aibolit, Alexandrite, Fragrant bed, Snake, Limoncello, Honey flavor, Tibul.

Depth of planting / seeding

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

5 cm (for seedlings), 0.5 cm (for seeds)

Cucumber, zucchini, peas, beans, beans

Eggplant, Potato, Tomato

Once every 2-3 years make 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate and 0.5 st.l. superphosphate and potassium sulfate

10. Ramsons

This garlic-flavored plant with plenty of vitamin C grows best in the shade of the trees. It does not require care, but to get lush green garlic, you need to provide a loose and non-acidic soil with a sufficient amount of organic matter. And consider: the plant does not tolerate stagnant water, although it likes moist soil.

For wild garlic do not need to break a separate bed. Just plant it under deciduous trees or shrubs, for example, near watering cranes.

The plant is propagated both by seeds (they are sown before winter or in winter for seedlings in peat pots) and onions (in autumn).

Better ramsons: Teddy bear, Bear's delicacy, Bear's ear.

Depth of planting / seeding

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing

7-15 cm (for bulbs), 0.5-1 cm (for seeds)

Siderata, solanaceous, pumpkin, cabbage, peas, beans

Hosta, Pushkinia, Lily of the Valley

Organic rotting mulch

11. Chives

Thin pipes-leaves of this onion are ideal for fresh salads and are an aromatic seasoning for soups, meat, fish and vegetable dishes. Chives are also good in landscape design: for 2-3 weeks it blooms with white, pink or soft-purple tassels-heads. This type of onion grows in one place for 5-6 years, then its clumps are divided (at the end of summer) and planted in a new place.

The best varieties for growing in the middle lane: Bohemia, Grass, Green Ray, Carat, Crocus, Medonos, Prague, Chamal, Elvi.

Sowing depth

Sowing / planting scheme

The best predecessors

Good neighbors

Unwanted neighbors

Top dressing (per 1 sq. M)

Green, beans, cabbage, potatoes, cucumber, radish, tomato

Kohlrabi, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beets, carrots, tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce, chicory, leeks, garlic, strawberries, tobacco, cucumber, calendula, savory

Radish, radish, beans, peas, sage, white cabbage

In the middle of spring - early summer - 1.5 tbsp. nitrofoski, in August - 2 tbsp. superphosphate, 1.5 tbsp. potassium sulfate

12. Spinach Uteusha

This spinach sorrel (schavnat) appeared relatively recently as a result of cross-pollination of Tien Shan sorrel with English spinach. Tall bushes are similar to horse sorrel, but taste like spinach. The hybrid was created by the Ukrainian breeder Yury Uteush.

Leaves appear on this useful plant already at the end of March; they are not afraid of returning spring frosts and autumn frosts. Sow shavnata seeds on a sunny plot in the fall - and from mid-April for 10-15 years you will be able to feast on vitamin greens. Seeds can be sown in the spring, but then cut the useful leaves can only be in the next season.
In order to have juicy leaves, the plant should be watered regularly.

Recommended varieties of spinach sorrel: Biekor-1, Kiev ultra, Mentor.

Record Navigation

Any novice summer resident interested in the question of what to plant in the garden. After all, there are a lot of crops grown in our country. In addition, it is not enough just to plant and grow all the vegetables and greens in a row in the garden. It is necessary to take into account some nuances, for example, the correct "neighborhood" of plants. It is also important to know exactly where to plant this or that crop on the site, because some plants need bright places, and others need shade. If a gardener knows all the nuances of planting in country beds, he will receive a beautiful plot (and flowers will beautifully decorate his landscape design) and a good harvest (more details on how to plant and grow any plant mentioned below can be found in the articles on the site).

Planning landings on the garden plot

Before you plant a dacha, you need to think everything through and calculate. Initially we determine what we want to see in our garden.

The novice gardener will be determined by a few questions, the answers to which in the future need to be repelled.

1. What vegetables and berries are preferred for the whole family?

2. Do you plan to preserve vegetables for the winter?

3. How much time do you plan to spend on the site?

4. Is its territory illuminated by the sun?

5. Are the climatic conditions suitable for the cultivation of fruit and vegetables?

These factors are the most important. There are, of course, other nuances, for example, the quality of the soil, its drainage, but they are solvable. Land can be refined and drainage provided. And when the plot is in constant shade, if the sun hides the foliage of the trees, for example, or there is a cold climate in the area where the summer cottage is located, then in this variant there will be no luck, and it will still not be possible to grow all the cultures that we would like.

It is necessary to plan the area on a large sheet of paper, preferably millimeter, in this case, you can visually see what, where and how best to place.

Necessary to plan a landing

1. To draw a plan of the villa area on paper, which has an A3 format. A sketch in this case does not help, because it is better to make accurate measurements.

2. Mark on the site plan all the existing buildings and those that are planned: a barn, a house, outbuildings, a gazebo, a swimming pool, flower beds, a place for compost, a recreation area (barbecue). If a vineyard is planned, it should be noted separately.

3. Make several copies of the resulting territory plan.

4. In free space, zones should be designated based on their degree of illumination: well-lit areas and shade.

5. Mark the water source.

6. Choose the location of greenhouses or greenhouses for vegetables. For them will require a large area of ​​the territory. Also do not forget about the distance on the track (at least 30 cm).

Demanding

To a lot of nutrients. These include:

  • Tomatoes
  • cabbage
  • cucumbers,
  • celery,
  • pumpkin
  • courgettes,
  • pepper (and sweet and bitter).

Plan a landing

In order to make it correctly, it is necessary to divide the garden into 4 zones:

1. For perennials (garden strawberries and strawberries). Every few years the berries should be transplanted.

2. For planting demanding crops.

3. For plants that need to be fed once per season.

4. For undemanding crops.

After the season, demanding vegetables will need to be planted in the area where the seasonings (undemanding) were sitting, in the area out of the demanding ones - to place medium-sized ones, and the territory where the medium-sized vegetables sat in the past season will be freed. It should be noted that it is necessary to alternate the vegetables annually, as this helps to obtain the maximum yield, and the soil has time to relax.

For example, cabbage (we begin, of course, with the cultivation of seedlings) can be put in place of the nightshade (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers), cucumbers, onions (and the nightshade themselves are generally excluded in the arrangement next to each other).

It is desirable to sow cucumbers to the place of pepper or spinach, carrots - peas or tomatoes.

For which crops in the garden need beds, and for which not

Some vegetables require a separate territory, as they can grow well only on their ridges. In addition, some types of vegetables in general can not grow "next door".

But there are also such plants that do not require a separate place, they grow beautifully along with the main crop. These plants include:

  • Beans,
  • radish,
  • beet,
  • dill (it grows well throughout the site, you can not specifically plant it, but just scatter the seeds),
  • turnip.

About raspberries

For her beds are not needed. Raspberry will be comfortable along the fence, near fruit trees. You can also arrange a separate raspberry jam: plant bushes in several rows, the width of which should be about 0.6 m, and install supports, with which the bushes will be tied up. That is, two rows of raspberries can be placed on 1.5 m of soil. Next to the raspberry can sow sorrel - this plant will prevent strong growth of bushes. In addition to sorrel, not a single culture can get on with raspberries.

Vegetables, greens and berries

After planning the ridges, you can proceed to the selection of crops that we plant on the site. And the choice is huge:

  • Tomatoes
  • carrot,
  • bow,
  • eggplants,
  • radish,
  • courgettes,
  • garlic (list of preferred varieties),
  • different types of cabbage (white and red, cauliflower, kohlrabi, broccoli.),
  • cucumbers,
  • pumpkin,
  • pepper (sweet and hot),
  • turnip,
  • beet,
  • squash,
  • beans,
  • greenery,
  • potato,
  • peas,
  • corn,
  • berries (strawberry, strawberry, raspberry).

If the suburban area is large, then all the above-mentioned cultures can be grown on it. If there are not so many places, you will have to shorten the list and plant only those crops that are needed more than others. After all, to provide a family, for example, potatoes, it will not be enough to make several ridges. Under the potato, as a rule, there are large areas on the site. To solve this problem, you can go another way and plant early potatoes in a small area, in a place freed, for example, from radish.

And you can use the method of Mitlayder (narrow ridge), which, for example, on our site (with the involvement of 0.8 summer hectares) gives 5-7 bags of potatoes ("bad" - "good" in rainy and warm years). This method is applicable to: tomatoes, onions, beets, cabbage, carrots, garlic, corn. (eggplant and pepper do not react to it).

Greenery can be planted in the shaded areas of the dacha territory, which can be used until the end of autumn. Herbal teas are:

We grow these plants both on beds and on tree trunks of fruit plantations. In this case, two tasks are accomplished at once - the presence of greenery and the protection of fruit trees from pests (moth). If spice herbs are placed on the territory near the currant, then it will be possible to scare slugs away from berry bushes. In addition to using these plants fresh, you can make preparations for the winter period. Suffice it to dry the herbs.

Useful but rare plants

If the territory of the garden allows, then it is possible to plant rare cultures for many today:

All these crops can be planted in shaded areas of the garden. To grow rhubarb, it is enough to sow the seeds and water the plant abundantly. Other cultures from the list can grow in the sun, however, it is in the shade that they will be able to preserve their taste and beneficial properties for a long time.

Many people think that a vegetable garden is a place exclusively for planting vegetables. However, there are excellent exceptions. Flowers can also be planted in the garden, but everything, and useful, for example:

  • Tagetes (at the edges of the rows),
  • medicinal chamomile,
  • yarrow,
  • nasturtium
  • valerian,
  • mint.

These plants can be planted on small made flower beds or on the end of rows.

How to make a landing on a small dacha

Summer residents who have a small plot can still plant many crops, but in limited quantities. In addition, for small cottages, it is better to use the technology of mixed plantings, that is, to grow several types of vegetables on the same ridge. In this case, one culture will be considered the main one, while others will be considered satellites. Due to the mixed planting, it will be possible to use the territory more rationally, besides, the land in this case will be less depleted. And different types of crops, with the right "neighborhood", will protect each other from diseases and pests.

When a mixed sowing method is used, it is necessary to sow plants that grow and mature quickly between the rows of the main plants (they are also called seals). When the main vegetable grows up a little and it needs more space, the compacting plants will already ripen, that is, the main vegetable will be able to grow further unhindered. The role of seals best deal with aromatic herbs and greens. But with this method of sowing, the gardener must know exactly which plants can "adjoin".

Early spring

One of the first crops that can be sown in your garden. It is better to choose several varieties of carrots - early and intended for storage. It is recommended to plant out more than the norm in case the germination rate is low. When sprouts grow up to 4-5 cm, they can be thinned out.

It is better to buy granulated seeds, since they are more reliable, and they are easier to sow. Sowing is made in the grooves spilled with water. Their depth should not exceed 2 cm. It is not necessary to cover them, it is enough just to sprinkle with mulch, soil, sawdust. Watering should be done by droplet method, twice a day.

Also at this time you can plant greens: parsley, dill and other. Under the greens should not take up much space, one row will be enough, which can be demarcated with pegs.

It is one of the most popular early vegetables. Plant and grow it can be in any region, it quickly gives a harvest.

Late gardeners

Last sowings are possible even in the last decade of June. At this time, the early cabbage, potatoes (only germinated), turnips will have time to ripen. As for greenery, experienced vegetable growers specifically sow it twice - in the spring (early) and at the top of the summer, so that by the beginning of autumn a second crop “arrives”. We plant radishes regularly until the end of August.

With poor drainage

It is recommended to organize a drainage system on very wet soils, which can be of several types:

If you can not do it, you would think that plant in this garden. During the entire growing season, no plant needs excess moisture. You can try to plant in the garden crops that can withstand increased moisture. These include:

But it is best to plant such territory with flowers, for example:

  • Bathing (frying),
  • primrose
  • forget-me-nots
  • swamp gladiolus.

Shaded

In this case, plant better unpretentious crops that tolerate shade, for example:

If the shadow is non-permanent, then you can plant other plants:

It is worth knowing that such light-loving vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and potatoes, without the sun will grow very badly.

In addition to vegetables, strawberries can be planted in shaded areas. Although it is a berry, it is actively divorced in the country gardens. In addition to strawberries, a place in the shade can be given to currants - this bush feels great in such places.

Decorative

The plot, planted with plants, gives the will to express their imagination (not all the same, in the end, "rests" on food!). Everyone creates their own garden. After all, it is not at all necessary that only vegetables and berries be present on it. For beauty, you can also allocate a little space. Moreover, some flowers, such as nasturtium or marigold, are able to coexist with different cultures. It all depends on the area of ​​available territory and fantasy dacha.

Landings can be placed so as to obtain a symmetrical pattern, interesting painting groups or concentric circles.

In a place where the shadow constantly reigns, you can put a bench or have a gazebo, plant decorative ferns - and it will be impossible to find a better place to rest.

Curtains of tall plants that delight in abundant and bright flowering can be a spectacular backdrop:

  • Decorative Sunflower,
  • curly green beans,
  • Jerusalem artichoke,
  • mallow,
  • dahlias and others.

Planning a garden is a rather difficult, but very exciting experience. If you approach this process creatively, think carefully and figure everything out, you will be able to plant all your plans, and the summer cottages will be your pride. And if you show a little imagination, the site will still be very beautiful and will please the eye. Any newcomer, if desired, will be able to grow vegetables in the garden. If something doesn't work out in the first season, then next year, when all errors are corrected, the result will not be long in coming.

List of popular garden crops

So, what to plant in the garden, a list of vegetables and roots, berries and herbs growing in our latitudes:

  • eggplants,
  • cucumbers,
  • tomatoes,
  • carrot,
  • radish,
  • turnip,
  • corn,
  • pepper,
  • bow,
  • White cabbage,
  • cauliflower,
  • beet,
  • pumpkin,
  • courgettes,
  • garlic,
  • peas,
  • beans,
  • salads,
  • basil,
  • dill,
  • parsley,
  • watermelon,
  • melon,
  • garden strawberry.

And this is not all cultures, but the most popular ones.

Landing Planning

The list is impressive, and the site is small - what to plant in the country? Из списка, ориентируясь на собственные желания и размер земельного участка, убираются те культуры, которые менее востребованы в вашей семье, за которыми нужен более тщательный уход. Important!If you have a small plot, then such a vegetable as potatoes is easier to buy than to grow. To provide a family with potatoes for the winter, you need a mini-field, rather than a few summer cottages.

The same applies to corn and peas: these plants occupy a large area, but do not bring much yield.

When planning planting, consider the fact that almost all garden crops love good lighting, you should know that they plant in the garden and what is closer to the garden. Closer to fruit trees and shrubs should be planted plants that feel great in the penumbra: radishes, sorrel, broccoli, leafy salads, beets, cauliflower.

In the spring during the avitaminosis period, the first salad vegetables and greens appear on the shelves: sorrel, salads, radishes. The prices for this vitamin charm, to put it mildly, are surprising, so it is much more profitable to grow in your garden than to buy. Important!If there are small children in the family, it is advisable to pay attention to hypoallergenic cultivated plants, such as cauliflower, pumpkin, watermelon, lettuce, squash.

Of course, I want to pamper myself and the children with strawberries. Choosing a variety with good yield characteristics and not too fastidious in care, you can grow a decent crop of sweet and healthy berries in a small area.

What can be planted if you plan to preserve conservation for the winter from the grown crop. It is worth paying attention to the most popular vegetables for pickles and marinades, frosts and canned salads: greens, garlic, onions, tomatoes, eggplants, Bulgarian pepper. Did you know?The history of canning dates back to the days of Napoleon Bonaparte. His government offered a monetary reward of 12,000 francs to someone who would find a method for the long-term storage of products for the army and navy. Received this award in 1809 by Nicholas Appert, who developed the method of preservation after sterilization.

Crop compatibility

What to plant in the garden, given the compatibility of crops with each other, is presented in the table: Growing your own vegetables requires attention and diligence, but more than justifies the time and effort expended on a tasty, rewarding crop, and also helps in some way to save the family budget.

We choose each culture at the dacha its place

To understand what and where to plant, it is necessary to divide all vegetables into:

Demanding to a lot of nutrients. These include:

  • Tomatoes
  • cabbage
  • cucumbers,
  • celery,
  • pumpkin
  • courgettes,
  • pepper (and sweet and bitter).

Medium Requirements. Such vegetables will have to feed once a season.

Medium demanding plants are:

  • Kohlrabi,
  • eggplants,
  • radish
  • bow,
  • salad,
  • potato,
  • carrot (please, its best varieties),
  • beets (varieties for different regions).

Undemanding. Such plants will lack the minimum amount of nutrients. These include:

  • Condiments (dill, basil, sage and others),
  • beans,
  • peas.

In order to make a plan of planting correctly, the garden should be divided into 4 zones:

  1. For perennials (strawberries and strawberries). Every few years the berries should be transplanted.
  2. For planting demanding crops.
  3. For plants that need feeding once a season.
  4. For undemanding cultures.

After the season, demanding vegetables will need to be planted in the area where the seasonings (undemanding) were sitting, in the area out of the demanding ones - to place medium-sized ones, and the territory where the medium-sized vegetables sat in the past season will be freed. It should be noted that it is necessary to alternate the vegetables annually, as this helps to obtain the maximum yield, and the soil has time to relax.

For example, cabbage (we begin, of course, with the cultivation of seedlings) can be put in place of the nightshade (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers), cucumbers, onions (and the nightshade themselves are generally excluded in the arrangement next to each other).

It is desirable to sow cucumbers to the place of pepper or spinach, carrots - peas or tomatoes.

For what crops are needed beds

Some vegetables require a separate territory, as they can grow well only on their ridges. In addition, some types of vegetables in general can not grow "next door".

But there are also such plants that do not require a separate place, they grow beautifully along with the main crop. These plants include:

  • Beans,
  • radish,
  • beet,
  • dill (it grows well throughout the site, you can not specifically plant it, but just scatter the seeds),
  • turnip.

For grapes, for example, you can “add” radishes, beets or spinach.

For raspberry beds are not needed. She will be comfortable along the fence, near fruit trees. You can also arrange a separate raspberry jam: plant raspberry bushes in several rows, the width of which should be about 0.6 m, and install supports, with which the bushes will be tied up. That is, two rows of raspberries can be placed on 1.5 m of soil. Next to the raspberry can sow sorrel - this plant will prevent strong growth of bushes. In addition to sorrel, not a single culture can “live” with raspberries.

What crops can be planted in the garden

After planning the ridges, you can choose the crops that will be grown on the site. And the choice is huge:

  • Tomatoes
  • carrot,
  • bow,
  • eggplants,
  • radish,
  • courgettes,
  • garlic (list of preferred varieties),
  • different types of cabbage (white and red, cauliflower, kohlrabi, broccoli, ...),
  • cucumbers,
  • pumpkin,
  • pepper (sweet and hot),
  • turnip,
  • beet,
  • squash,
  • beans,
  • greenery,
  • potato,
  • peas,
  • corn,
  • berries (strawberry, strawberry, raspberry).

If the suburban area is large, then all the above-mentioned cultures can be grown on it. If there are not so many places, you will have to shorten the list and plant only those crops that are needed more than others. After all, to provide a family, for example, potatoes, it will not be enough to make several ridges. Under the potato, as a rule, there are large areas on the site.

To solve this problem, you can go another way and plant early potatoes in a small area, in a place freed, for example, from radish. And you can use the Mittlider method (narrow ridges), which, for example, on our site (with the activation of 0.8 summer cottages) gives 5-7 bags of potatoes (“bad” - “good” in rainy and warm years). This method is applicable to: tomatoes, onions, beets, cabbage, carrots, garlic, corn, ... (eggplant and pepper do not "react" to it).

What to plant on a small dacha

Summer residents who have a small plot can still plant many crops, but in limited quantities. In addition, for small cottages, it is better to use the technology of mixed plantings, that is, to grow several types of vegetables on the same ridge. In this case, one culture will be considered the main one, while others will be considered as satellites. Due to the mixed planting, it will be possible to use the territory more rationally, besides, the land in this case will be less depleted. And different types of crops, with the right "neighborhood", will protect each other from diseases and pests.

When a mixed sowing method is used, it is necessary to sow plants that grow and mature quickly between the rows of the main plants (they are also called seals). When the main vegetable grows a little and it needs more space, the plants - the seals will already ripen, that is, the main vegetable will be able to grow further unhindered.

The role of seals best deal with aromatic herbs and greens. But with this method of sowing, the gardener must know exactly which plants can “adjoin”.

What cultures are combined with each other in the garden

Before planting crops, it is necessary to familiarize themselves with information concerning crop compatibility. Below is a list of the main crops and plants that can be combined, and which are best planted away from each other.

Cucumbers. This vegetable goes well with:

Poor compatibility with cucumbers with:

Tomatoes Neighborhood with:

Next to the tomatoes it is better not to plant:

With cabbage nearby you can sow:

These vegetables do not coexist with:

Eggplants can be planted around any vegetables (for example, cauliflower), but the best "neighbors" are:

Potatoes prefer neighborhood with:

Next to the potatoes do not plant:

Carrots fit well with:

But dill with carrots is not desirable to combine.

Onions are compatible with:

Bad neighbors are:

Pepper combine with:

It is advisable to exclude from:

Radish calmly reacts to the neighborhood with any vegetables.

Salad. Will be a good "neighbor" for:

With parsley, the salad “gets on” badly, but with chrysanthemums - great.

Beet. It has a good compatibility with cabbage, but with tomatoes and beans "side by side" is bad.

Beans. Normally develops alongside:

It is badly combined with:

Garlic, when possible, is beautifully grown next to gladioli.

What to plant first (spring) in the garden

One of the first crops that can be sown in your garden is carrots. It is better to choose several varieties - early and intended for storage. It is recommended to plant out more than the norm in case the germination rate is low. When sprouts grow cm to 4 - 5, they can be thinned out.

It is better to buy granulated seeds, since they are more reliable, and they are easier to sow. Sowing is made in the grooves, spilled with water. Their depth should not exceed 2 cm. It is not necessary to cover them, it is enough just to sprinkle with mulch, soil, sawdust. Watering should be done by droplet method, twice a day.

Also in early spring you can plant greens: parsley, dill and other. Under the greens should not take up much space, one row will be enough, which can be demarcated with pegs.

Radish is one of the most popular early vegetables. Plant and grow it can be in any region, it quickly gives a harvest.

The main season of garden plantings (late spring and summer)

When earthworms appeared in the ground, most of the crops can be planted. The "run-up" in terms of time is big here: mid-April - mid-May.

Seeds can be planted:

Seedlings need to be seated:

  • White cabbage,
  • Bell pepper,
  • eggplants.

It should be noted that for beginners the cultivation of these particular plants will not cause difficulties, since they are all unpretentious. They are enough time to water and eliminate weeds.

Herbs for the garden

Greenery can be planted in the shaded areas of the dacha territory, which can be used until the end of autumn. Herbal teas are:

We grow these plants both on beds and on tree trunks of fruit plantations. In this case, two tasks are accomplished at once - the presence of greenery and the protection of fruit trees from pests (moth).

If spice herbs are placed on the territory near the currant, then it will be possible to scare slugs away from berry bushes. In addition to using these plants fresh, you can make preparations for the winter period. Suffice it to dry the herbs.

What vegetables are easiest to grow - TOP 10 from Dachnye-sovety.ru


This vegetable is the leader of our charts of the easiest to grow plants. He is a perennial, grows on any soil, loves shade, grows quickly from rhizomes. So fast and briskly that gardeners prefer to plant horseradish in a limited area (otherwise, later it will be necessary to destroy excess growth, and this is not so easy).

To plant horseradish, enough a couple of rhizomes of about twenty centimeters in length. First, dig a hole to a depth of forty centimeters and prepare obstacles: someone from the sides lays a hole with slate, plexiglass, carbonate, tin, etc., someone digs into the ground a bucket without a bottom. Rhizomes are planted inside. All that is required from the gardener after emergence, water the leaves in dry weather.

And if no obstacles keep horseradish in the territory assigned to him and uninvited bushes appear in the wrong places, they are disposed of with ordinary salt. How it is done, read HERE.


Another perennial that grows well in the shade and propagates by dividing the bush. If your neighbors in the cottage grow rhubarb, ask for part of the root. Rhubarb, grown from the root, will get stronger faster and will delight you with thick juicy stems. But even from rhubarb seeds is not difficult to grow, only the first harvest will have to wait a couple of years.

Before planting, rhubarb rhizome is dipped in ashes and planted to a depth of 5-8 centimeters. Seeds can be sown both in spring (April) and in autumn (September) to a depth of 1-1.5 centimeters. When young seedlings grow up, the best ones are selected from them and transplanted to a permanent place. In the future, it is enough to water the bushes if necessary.

And for more delicate stalks, the rhubarb bush is covered with a bucket or a large pot without a bottom. The leaves are outside, and the stems - in the dark. Without light, they acquire a beautiful crimson-pink hue and become even tastier.

The rhubarb bush lives and bears fruit about 10-12 years.

Leafy salads


All possible salads, chard, spinach and sorrel will provide the whole family with fresh vitamin greens at the very beginning of summer. And no wisdom with planting and care: mark the grooves, shed the soil, scatter the seeds, sprinkle them with soil and wait for seedlings.

Salads, spinach and chard prefer sunny areas, but will withstand some shading. Sorrel grows remarkably in the shade. If at the beginning of flowering the sorrel is cut to the root, new fresh leaves will soon grow. Thus, you can get two sorrel crops per season.


Perhaps, of all root crops, only beet growing does not cause any particular difficulties. The only thing that beets do not like - sour soil. But this problem is also easily solved (read more about this in the article How to grow sweet beets).

Beets like the sun, but not bad tolerate a little shading. And it happens that she does not even get her own ridge: she is planted on the edge of potato, onion or strawberry beds.

Beet seeds are sown directly in open ground in May. Emerged seedlings necessarily thin out after the appearance of the first true leaf. This procedure cannot be avoided, because several plants grow from one seed at once. What you pulled out can be safely transplanted to another place - it will take root and give the harvest.

Watering the beets is usually once every three days, more frequent watering is needed except in a very dry summer.

Onions on greens


Onions on a feather are grown up by children in kindergartens, and that says it all. What could be easier? He thrust the bulb into the ground, poured it, and after a while it was time to cut the first green feathers.

The bulbs can be taken from the remnants of winter stocks (but there is a danger to get arrows with seed boxes instead of green), and best of all from the usual onion sets, which are sold in any garden store and almost in every supermarket all spring.

Plant bulbs at a distance of 10-15 centimeters, again, you can not allocate for them a separate garden beds, and combine planting with other vegetables. In dry weather, onions are poured on the greens once a week.


Peas right from the garden are very fond of children, it can be dried, canned or frozen for the winter. And who does not know about the wonderful ability of peas to enrich the soil with nitrogen? Well, how to refuse such a wonderful vegetable in all respects?

Peas unpretentious, it can be planted on any free piece of land, it will give a harvest in the shade, and on poor soil. In the first half of May, pea seeds (pre-soaked or dry) are sown in a flower bed. Young plants need regular watering, and when they grow up to fifteen centimeters in height, support will be needed. To prevent the pea stalks from falling into the furrows, a peg is set in each corner of the garden and the garden is twined around the perimeter with a string or string. A few more pegs stick in the middle of the ridge - now the peas have something to hold on to.

After harvesting the pea lash is cut and laid in the compost, and the roots are left in the ground to rot. Next year on
This bed will grow fine cabbage.


Nowadays, when the weather jumps remain a mystery even for meteorologists, it is already impossible to say that it is easier to grow radish than fresh turnips. Radish needs a real spring, that is, it’s still not a very long light day and not too high temperatures. But still, radishes are not so capricious as not to include them in our rating of the most unpretentious vegetables.

It is possible to plant radish seeds very early, even on a snow crust. Radishes are sown in the second half of March in a greenhouse or greenhouse to get a super early harvest, and in April in open ground. At first, crops are covered with agrofiber to protect against frost and pests. Covering material is removed when root crops begin to grow larger.

The only (but what!) Argument against growing radishes is cruciferous flea. This hungry koziavochka is able to cleanly eat all the leaves and deprive us of the harvest in just a few days. Therefore, early sowing of radish in the greenhouse is still preferable.

Shrub Asparagus Beans


Green beans or asparagus beans - it's just a godsend. In a good year, four bushes can feed a large family and fill the freezer with stocks of useful green (purple or yellow) pods. Bush varieties do not require high trellis and are very simple in agricultural technology.

Beans are planted in early summer, so as not to fall under the frost. Before sowing bean recommended soak for a day. Схема посадки такова: 30 сантиметров между кустами, 50 сантиметров между рядами, на 3 сантиметра в глубину.

Уже в июле фасоль начнет приносить первые урожаи. It is important not to yawn and collect the pods while the seeds are not ripe, then the asparagus beans will bear fruit continuously until September. From the gardener is required 3-4 times a month to water the bushes and 2 times a month to loosen the aisles (or mulch the planting and forget about loosening and reduce watering).

All the secrets of growing green beans you can find here: //dachnye-sovety.ru/kak-vyrastit-struchkovuyu-fasol


Usually, the potato field occupies a large area of ​​the summer cottage and makes the summer resident sweat. But if you don’t strive for volumes, and plant only a couple of ridges of potatoes, you can get a harvest without any extra effort.

At the beginning of May we spread the tubers (seed or cut into several parts large) along the furrow at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other and we fall asleep with earth.

If the rains do not do all the work for us, it will be necessary to provide the potato fields with three abundant waterings: after germination, during the appearance of buds and immediately after flowering.

To avoid the difficult operation called “double hilling”, it is necessary to mulch regularly the potato ridges with straw or mowed grass - this is much easier. You can even try to grow potatoes under straw.

Finally, do not forget about the Colorado potato beetle. So that our potatoes are not in his voracious abdomen, they will have to either spray chemicals or keep potato bushes under close surveillance and destroy the beetles and larvae at their first appearance.


All that zucchini needs for stable fruiting is a sunny place, warm weather and the absence of long rains. Couples squash bushes family of four enough for the eyes. Even the winter will remain.

Usually squash planted in the first half of May, after soaking the seeds in warm water or sprouting them. Planted immediately into the ground to a depth of 4-5 centimeters. Once every ten days the bushes are watered and loosen the garden bed (or only mulch).

A month after the start of flowering, the zucchini will give the first fruits. It is not necessary to transform them, it is better to remove the vegetable marrows of milky ripeness, stimulating the bush to greater fruiting.

We wish you success and great harvests!

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Flowers in the country garden

Many people think that a vegetable garden is a place exclusively for planting vegetables. However, there are excellent exceptions. Flowers can also be planted in the garden, but everything, and useful, for example:

  • Tagetes (at the edges of the rows),
  • medicinal chamomile,
  • yarrow,
  • nasturtium
  • valerian,
  • mint.

These plants can be planted on small made flower beds or on the end of rows.

Vegetable garden with poor drainage: possible planting

It is recommended to organize a drainage system on very wet soils, which can be of several types:

If you can not do it, you would think that plant in this garden. During the entire growing season, no plant needs excess moisture. You can try to plant in the garden crops that can withstand increased moisture. These include:

But it is best to plant such territory with flowers, for example:

  • Bathing (frying),
  • primrose
  • forget-me-nots
  • swamp gladiolus.

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