- 4-06-2018, 02:24
Many gardeners gardeners on their plots in May and June notice the May beetle mainly on flowering trees and shrubs. Himself May beetle is of little danger, but its larvae are a dangerous pest, in the common people his name is "Khrushchev", as he easily grunts the young roots of plants, saplings, bushes, strawberries, potatoes. Khrushch large larva with a rounded whitebody up to 3-5 cm in length and about 1 cm in thickness, it has a yellow head with powerful jaws and long legs on the front.
It is necessary to fight against the ragweed, since the larvae can destroy a significant part of the potato crop, eat the roots of grapes, saplings, strawberries, raspberries and other garden plants, while they suddenly wither and can dry out completely.
You can see several species of Maybugs, it is important to distinguish them, since not all insects are dangerous to plants:
Beautiful green May beetle is called Golden Bronzka. May beetles feed on flowers, but they do not cause much damage to flowering trees and shrubs. Bronze larvae live in rotten wood, settling in rotten stumps, branches, vegetable garbage, compost. The larvae of these beetles feed on dead plants and bring more benefits than harm as they help to process the plant residues into compost. In appearance, the bronze larvae are very similar to the larvae, they have little noticeable difference: the bronze larvae are slightly shorter than the foot, they move on the back, the oral apparatus is less developed.
Khrushch or brown beetle brownwith a small white fluff on the shell lays eggs on the surface of the earth. After egg-laying, the May beetles die, but new progeny of larvae emerge from the eggs in order to turn into beetles, they must live in the soil for 2-4 years, while feeding heavily on the living tissue of plants in the soil - roots and tubers. The larvae of these May beetles are the most dangerous, to protect their crops from the pest by gardeners it is necessary to apply different methods of controlling it.
Slightly smaller beetle - garden wormHe starts a mass flight in June. The beetle likes to eat not only flowers, but also leaves of garden trees.
All summer flies doubtful, they feed on flowers and leaves, often lay eggs in compost, manure, sawdust, mulch from mowed, the larvae love to live in humus, as they feed on plant debris.
May beetles begin to fly in May, when the bulk of garden trees and shrubs bloom. It is surprising that a large and heavy beetle in flight gains speed up to 3 m / s. The life of a beetle is short, in spring, reborn from a larva, the beetle lives one or two months and dies after laying eggs. The female beetle is capable of laying up to 70 eggs, of which larvae appear, which live in the soil for 2-4 years.
Imagine how much damage a large number of grub larvae can inflict on the plants; the larvae can annually destroy a significant part of the potato crop, prevent the plants from growing by eating up their roots. In the beds of strawberry bushes will simply dry out, if their roots are eaten by ragweed, saplings die after planting. The war against the Khruschev can not be won in one year, it will be a long struggle in which you can significantly reduce the number of larvae on your plot.
How to get rid of the larvae of Khrushchev?
Methods of combating Khruschev can be divided into preventive measures, mechanical combat, with the help of chemical and biological means..
The easiest and safest way to deal with the rape is the annual digging of the site. manually with a choice of larvae and their destruction. Beetles live in the soil at a depth of 30-40 cm, but with a cold snap, wintering takes up to 60 cm or more into the ground, so dig a piece while it is warm.
In the spring, destroy the beetles themselves, as they gather on flowering trees and shrubs - apple, cherry, plum, lilacto feast on their fragrant flowers. Spread material under the tree, shake the trunk so that the beetles fall down. In the photo above, you can distinguish a harmless green May beetle, they need to be released and a dangerous pest of Khrushchev, which must be destroyed. The less the beetles of the Khrushcha fly around, the less they will lay eggs.
Preventive measures are to protect your site from the appearance of the pest. As is known, the beetle crust lays its eggs on the surface of loose soil, between potato rows, on clean loose ridges, so if you grumble planting in early spring, then the bugs will not have access to the soil surface, insects will fly to another place to lay eggs.
Will help protect the garden and the garden lawn grass, sow under seedlings, trees, and between the ridges of a dense carpet of white clover or other lawn grass to cover the surface of the ground from beetles.
For the larvae of Khrushcheva, nitrogenous fertilizers are destructive.therefore, in spring, fertilize your garden with any nitrogenous fertilizer (superphosphate, ammonium nitrate) - this will be pest prevention and plant nutrition.
Soil treatment in the area of the canoe can be performed using a siderat hanging - lupine. The fact is that the roots of lupine are destructive for the larvae of the whale, eating them, insects die. After harvesting, remove all the plants from the site, sow the lupine, the crusty beetle will have nothing to eat, except for the roots of the lupine, after eating them, the larvae of the May beetle will die. In the late autumn or spring plow the lupine into the soil, so you will get rid of the pest and increase the fertility of the plot. This is an excellent biological method of dealing with crush, helps to achieve two goals at once - the improvement of the soil and its enrichment in the safest way.
If you do not have the time and effort to spend time-consuming activities to get rid of the larvae in the soil and protect the plants from pests, use chemicals - "Basdin", "Zemlin", "Pochin", "Antihrusch". Bring these drugs according to the instructions in the wells when planting seedlings, planting seedlings and potatoes. However, these means are short-lived and pointwise, and to neutralize the entire site will require a very large amount of a chemical agent, while you will destroy all insects in the soil harmful and harmless.
To get rid of the larvae of Khrushchev, use an integrated approach, combine different methods - mechanical, biological, preventive and folk remedies.to protect your crop from pests. It is necessary to fight with the May beetle and grubs annually, so that the number of pests in the soil remains minimal or even unit for the entire plot.
May beetle or common bug: stages of development
Insect length only 2-3 centimeters
Khrushchev ordinary refers to the species of Arthropods. The length of the insect is 2-3 cm. The color of the May beetle is brown or black. Hairy scales cover the body, which consists of the abdomen, chest and head.
The beetle can be recognized by the antennae on the head. The insect has wings that are located on the upper part of the chest.
He flies, making quite a loud sound.
The breeding season of insects begins in May.
Females after mating, in order to lay eggs, bury themselves in the soil. They lay white oval eggs to a depth of at least 20 cm and usually in groups from 5 to 20 pieces. After laying eggs, the female dies. Larvae appear after 1.5 months. They can be easily distinguished from other pests in appearance - they are all twisted into a ball.
In summer, the larvae can travel up to 100 meters in search of food. They move horizontally, mainly in the upper soil layer.
In winter, beetles in the soil are located at a depth of 25-50 cm.
In the land of the Maybot, the larvae can live for about 3-4 years, then the process of turning into a pupa, which resembles a beetle, occurs.
Larvae of the May beetle are omnivorous and are located in areas that are well fertilized by manure.
Young larvae of the May beetle do not cause much harm to crops. They feed mainly on roots and humus, but they can also eat various cultivated plants, including strawberries, strawberries, corn, and various trees.
May bugs can eat corn
Older larvae can reach a length of up to 65 mm. They are the most voracious, and therefore harm vegetable crops such as potatoes, gnawing their tubers.
Uneven edges, rounded and oblong stripes leave the larvae of the May beetles while eating potato tubers. As a result, favorable conditions are created for the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the tubers.
This is also interesting!
Together with the joy of cultivating the land on his own plot, he comes to the gardener in the spring and a headache, how to save this plot from the invasion of voracious pests. Insects were, are and will be. Not one summer resident is not against useful insects wielding on his piece of land. But there are those that simply sweep away everything in their path, destroying the next harvest at the root. One of these malicious creatures can be called the May Beetle.
For the May beetle is characterized by a fairly large size. The color of his torso is black or reddish. Beetle begins to fruition closer to the end of spring. Insect larvae ripen under a layer of soil for several years. The larva (Khrushchev) has a powerful jaw structure, capable of gnawing through the roots of old, ancient trees.
Towards autumn, (late August, early September) an adult specimen is hatching out of the pupa, which is sent to winter again in the soil. In the spring, they get out and begin to reproduce offspring again.
Harm from the May beetle in the garden
The diet of the beetle is made up of young leaves and shoots of plants. In just a few weeks, the pest can "strip off" a whole tree, leaving only smooth branches without a hint of green outfit.
But the adult May beetle is not so terrible as its offspring. The larvae are underground and actively gnaw the roots of the plant, which is why it inevitably dies. Most insect loves fruit and berry and flowering trees and shrubs:
But do not refuse to spoil and birch, aspen and other hardwood. But the pest larvae absolutely do not care, the root system of a plant to destroy. Therefore, they are operating under any landing.
Chemicals of struggle with the May beetle and larva
Means for the destruction of Khrushchev. It has contact and intestinal effects.
Active ingredient: diazinon.
Method of application: spraying on the ground (30 g / 20m2) for flower plantings. Adding to planting wells (10-15 g) when sowing potatoes.
Biological preparation based on selective nematodes. Keeps the soil balance for 2 years. Safe for people, animals, environmentally friendly.
Method of application: watering when diluting concentrate 1: 100 in the morning or evening. Effective at air temperature + 10 + 26C with high humidity. The death of the larvae occurs in 1-3 days.
Insecticide for the destruction of soil pests in granular form.
Method of application: mixing the granules with the ground when planting crops. Suppresses the appearance of the pest for the whole gardening season.
The drug for the extermination of the larval form of the cockchafer with contact and intestinal interaction. Form release - granules.
Active ingredient: thiamethoxam.
Method of application: preparation of a solution for irrigation or application in the soil in its pure form. The effect comes an hour after application, the complete death of pests occurs within 24 hours.
Pesticide to destroy the larvae. Environmentally friendly, long lasting, impervious to precipitation.
Active ingredient: bifenthrin, imidacloprid.
Method of application: spraying (10 ml / 10 l) of potatoes before instillation into the soil. Soak the roots of seedlings of tomatoes and cabbage (10 ml / 3 l) for 60 minutes. Residues are diluted in a bucket of water and used for subsequent irrigation.
Watering under the root of fruit crops (10 ml / 5 l) and seedlings of other trees (10 ml / 3 l).
Contact-intestinal and translaminar means in the form of granules for the extermination of soil pests.
The active substance is diazinon.
Method of application: uniform introduction into the soil before planting. Non-toxic to humans and animals (hazard class 3). Toxic to fish (hazard class 1).
Organophosphate compound for systemic and contact-intestinal action in granular form.
The active ingredient is diazinon.
Method of application: root treatment of plants (8 g / 1 l) by immersion in the solution. Re-treatment after 25 days.
- Shaking off the trees. Fallen insects to collect and destroy.
- Sticky trap. Bury the pelvis under the tree with the edges plastered with sticky substance. Beetles will not be able to get out of it.
- White sheet. Hang on the rope and highlight the beam of the lantern. The light will attract the males and they will gather under the sheet. They need to collect and destroy. Females are not susceptible to such a trap.
Birds lured by croup or other delicacy to the affected tree will begin to eat beetles. You can use domestic chickens or hang birdhouses for birds.
Photo of the grub beetle larva
People's Councils for the fight against Khruscha
Spring collection of larvae, when they are selected closer to the surface (10-20 cm) during spring warming of the soil. Not the most effective way, since it is difficult to find all the larvae, and digging up the ground is not very useful.
- Lupins. This plant is known for not growing weeds near it. This deprives the larvae of food, and they are dying of hunger.
- Clover. White clover contains bacteria in the roots. When nitrogen begins to carry out the synthesis of bacteria, the soil will become unsuitable for a pest, but good for planting growth.
- Potassium permanganate Weak solution is used to spray the inside of the leaves.
- Onion Husk For strawberries and currants well help solution (100 grams of shells / 10 liters of water) five-day infusion. It is diluted in a concentration of 1: 1 and treated landing and the soil under them.
Preventive measures from the invasion of the May Beetle
- The introduction of bleach in the spring digging.
- Watering strawberry with ammonia solution (10 ml / 10 l).
To deal with harmful insects and its larvae need. The most effective will be integrated measures in combination of folk methods with chemical ones. This is the only way to save your landings from total annihilation.
The appearance of the insect
The beetle is a brown-yellow color with a black breast, has black or red legs. On the insect's brown antennae there is a mace, where the female has 6 plates, and the male 7. The size of the beetle is 3.5 cm maximum.
The eggs of the beetle are oval, white-yellow in color, and the pupa is yellowish and open. C-shaped larvae are folded and rather fleshy, they have a black head, and they themselves have an off-white color. On the head of the larva there are two pinching fangs.
By the way, in the compost and in the garden, the larvae of Khrushchev and Bronzovka (Cetonia aurata) cannot be distinguished, for example, it’s almost impossible to identify these beautiful women:
Some years ago, we somehow with compost in a home container inadvertently grabbed such a larva — we started sowing greens for the winter. She mowed down all the crops, and only on the expanded earth, we guessed that someone lives there.
Although the compost and organic beds, richly filled with organic bronze larvae are very useful - they feed on dead organic matter and help it to process. External differences in the larvae have everything - the bronze larvae are much shorter compared to the crunchy paws.
The development of Khrushchev
The development of the cockchafer consists of the following stages: an egg, a larva, then a pupa and an adult insect (imago). The photo of the pupa was never obtained anywhere, so this time it was impossible to create a collage according to the stages of the development of the insect. And an adult bug looks like this:
In mid-June, the female lays eggs, and after one or one and a half months a new offspring appears - the larvae. They live in the soil for three or four years. During this period they go through several molts.
In the summer, in the last year of its development, the larva of the May beetle will become a pupa, which is similar to an already mature insect, but has underdeveloped wings, a pale color. At this stage of development, the organs of sight form in the insect, limbs and wings grow, by the end of summer a full-fledged beetle is formed, but it will fly out only in spring.
What feeds the larva and the adult May beetle
So, what eats the May Khrushcha larva? At first, the larva has a weakly developed oral organ (first year), at which time it consumes plant waste, humus, and weak roots. Further, with a more developed oral apparatus of the gnawing type (after about three years of development), the insect becomes more voracious, can gnaw through rather dense rhizomes of plants, which causes considerable damage on the beds.
Khrushchev larvae eat strawberry roots, various fruit and berry bushes (oh yeah like raspberries), trees. Can eat lawn grass, adore vegetable crops, seedlings. Do not give up the roots of such trees as spruce, cedar, birch and pine. And this is not the whole list of their preferences, they are clearly not picky about food.
Взрослый жук питается два месяца, это примерно конец апреля-середина июня, как раз период активного лета и размножения. А вот чем питается майский жук, помогут ответить объеденные им плодовые и ягодные кусты и деревья. Он объедает листву и цветы яблони, сливы и облепихи, смородины, вишни и так далее. Uses the young foliage of birch, maple, lilac and many other ornamental trees and flowers. For a two-month period, the insect has time to inflict irreparable damage - without exaggeration, the May beetle can be called a thunderstorm of gardens and gardens.
The best ways how to bring out the grubs
- With a warm spring and in the summer, you can do manual harvesting of the larvae when digging the soil, but if the soil is dry, the larvae take too deep, they can usually be at a depth of up to twenty cm. This method is not quite suitable for supporters of natural farming, and even the larvae only partially.
- A less labor-intensive and ecological way will be - soil sulking. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria live in the root system of the white clover, which actively assimilate and produce nitrogen, the larvae of the hrushka will not live in such soil, and the insect females will not like this place for laying eggs, they will fly to look for another.
- Khrushchev larvae are excellent food for rooks, starlings and thrushes. Why not bring these insect-eaters to your site? Especially since all you need to do is to install bird feeders. Even older individuals and larvae of the Khrushcha like to eat hedgehogs, if such a neighbor appears on the plot, you do not need to chase him away.
- A good folk method of fighting insects ─ watering with a solution of infusion of onion peel. It is prepared like this: pour the вед-nd part into a bucket of husks, add water to the brim and leave for 5 days. Dilute the finished infusion with water should be one to one. They need to water the soil throughout the entire period of growth and development of the insect.
- There is one old tried way - daily shaking off of adult beetles. This should be addressed during the most active flight. For the procedure it is better to choose a cool time of the day, the early morning will do (at a temperature of about 15 ° the beetle is in a daze).
- Protect the soil, prevent easy and unhindered penetration of the beetle, you can mulching. Using wood chips, chopped bark or straw.
- May Khrushchev does not like the smell of cruciferous plants, lupine and elderberry. You can plant turnips or turnips. Cabbage leaves and mustard sprouts can be laid directly in the ground, and they can also be laid out on the surface of the beds.
- Such drugs as ─ "Aktofit", "Fitoverm" and "Bowerin" have biological components, they are able to defeat the beetle larva in a short time and do not harm the beneficial insects. And who has “Nemabakt” on the market at all in a winning position - the composting plant spilled by this biological product will relieve you from the larvae of the whale for a long time.
- You can build traps for Khrushchev:
- First method: It is necessary to cut off the top of a two-liter plastic bottle (about 5 cm), make holes for the cord, on which the bottle can be hung on tree branches. Pour an attractive liquid inside the bottle, for example, fermented jam or kvass. From time to time any beetles must be removed.
- The second way: Not very deep capacity should be coated with grease or insect glue and in the middle of the container place any light source, as soon as it becomes dark outside, the bugs will fly to the heat from the light and will not be able to get back.
- The third way: Looks like the second, it also uses light to attract. You need to take the average depth of capacity (suitable three-liter jar), build a funnel and place it in a narrow part in the neck of the jar. Above the funnel must be placed, any source of light. Beetles will fly into the light, fall into the funnel, and from there into the jar, from which they can not get out.
Well, and do not forget that, apart from birds and hedgehogs, insect entomophages bring enormous benefits. Here's a video about how the ground beetle fairly quickly cracks down on a similar larva:
A cool bioprotection against the bruises' larvae - the “Zashchita” soil (the substrate impregnated with “Nemabakt”) also appeared on the market. This is a very safe and effective biological product with predatory nematodes and bacteria symbiotic with them. Penetrating into the larvae, they destroy and eat the gruel from the inside, leaving only an empty shell. In a matter of days (2-3 days), bacteria decompose the internal organs of the larvae, and the nematodes eat and leave the membrane. At the same time they are perfectly acclimatized on the site and calmly winter in open ground. So take a note and this biogrunt - it is made when planting cultural plants in a tablespoon per well.
Intermediate crops in the garden
If in the garden the best way is to zvernenie clover, then on the beds you need to plant such a siderat as buckwheat. It not only reduces the crunchy population, but also heals the soil, improves its air and moisture permeability, and provides an increase in nutrients.
When the stages of development and vital activity of the pest are clarified, it becomes clear that it is necessary to get rid of the bugs starting in early spring. And the presented tips and ways of protection against insects will help to figure out how to get rid of the larvae of the Maybug using the safest methods for the environment.
What eats may beetle
The harm that the cockchafer does is the peculiarities of the diet of the insect. Its main delicacy is young leaves and shoots of plants.If such a beetle lives on a plot, it can literally in a month or two gnaw a young shrub or tree.
If we talk about taste preferences, he prefers to eat these plants:
- from decorative: birch, aspen and others,
- from shrubs: lilac, currant and other,
- from fruit trees: apple, sea buckthorn, cherry, plum.
Larvae of May beetles bring the greatest harm. If adult individuals can be noticed and prevented undesirable consequences of their vital activity, then the larvae are deep in the ground, and their harm, at first, goes unnoticed. At the same time, one voracious larva at the age of three years is able to embrace the roots of a two-year-old pine tree in a day. Two-year cope with this work for the week.
If an adult beetle is rather picky about food, then much more cultures will be included in the diet of the larva:
- tree roots: cedar, spruce, pine, larch, birch,
- berries: strawberries, strawberries and other,
- vegetable crops: various seedlings, corn, potatoes,
- young weeds and lawn grass.
Collection of larvae of the Khrushcha
This is the cheapest method, since it only requires time from the gardener or the gardener. True, this is a very laborious way. It is best to resort to it in the summer, when the larvae, sensing the heat, rise closer to the surface. This time of year it is enough to dig a plot to a depth of 10–20 cm and manually select the larvae. However, we must understand that all the larvae will not be able to get it.
Soil sowingThis term refers to the saturation of the soil with nitrogen in a natural way. This is achieved by sowing on the right areas of white clover. Experts have shown that a special bacterium lives on the roots of this plant, which absorbs nitrogen from the air, synthesizing proteins. Saturating the soil with nitrogen, it transfers it to the rhizomes of neighboring plants.
And nitrogen is a very unattractive environment for the life of the larvae of this beetle, as well as a number of weeds. This is the most reliable way to fight insects.
Gardeners and gardeners often set traps that help get rid of adult insects. In this case, the question of how to get rid of Khrushcha can be solved in several ways:
- Light trap. The container is coated on the inside with something very sticky (with a special insect glue or grease). A lamp or other light source is installed at the bottom of the tank. The trap is put on the night, including the light. Not only May beetles will fly to it, but also other pests, for example, butterfly-moths.
- Sweet trap. A two-liter plastic bottle is cut so that the walls rise 5-7 cm from the bottom. From above make four holes in which they pass the cord. Inside the container pour kvass or jam diluted with water. These traps are hanging on the trees. Periodically, they should be checked and cleaned from insects.
- Shaking off. During the period when the largest number of adults is observed, they can be collected by shaking off trees or bushes. It is better to do this in the morning, when the air temperature has not yet exceeded the mark of + 15 ° C. At this temperature, insects are inactive, so they can be easily collected after a fall. Collected beetles are often given to poultry as feed.
Attracting natural enemies
Another safe way to get rid of pests - to attract to the site of those who feed on the May-bug.
These are mainly rooks, starlings and other birds. In this case, help ordinary birdhouses or feeders. But there are other ways to lure the birds to your site. For example, if there is a dead tree on it, plant a fern or other thick plants around its trunk. It will attract birds. Sparrows and tits love to live around bushes and in the midst of dried plants.But birds destroy mostly adults. To fight the scourge nesting deep in the ground, it is worth knowing who eats the beetle of the May beetle.
First of all, these are hedgehogs, which willingly dig up and eat the larvae.
Use of plant infusions and decoctions
To protect the garden and garden from insects can be and folk methods. For example, pour the soil onion broth. For its preparation is used onion peel. One part of it is poured with two parts of water and infused for a week. The resulting liquid is diluted with water 1: 1 and watered the soil in the evenings.
Another question than to poison the larvae of the May beetle, when you need to bring them as quickly as possible. In this case, special chemicals come to the rescue. Most often, used drugs "Bowerin", "Actofit", "Fitoverm".
They are made on the basis of biological components, therefore, are considered quite harmless to humans and some beneficial insects. For example, they can be used even if an apiary is located nearby.
For adults means "Antikhrusch", but it acts against other insects. Also, it cannot be used if there are already berries on the bushes, and there are fruits in the trees, since its decay period is 45 days.
In order not to resort to extreme measures, it is worth taking preventive measures in time. Among others, the most effective are:
- Mulching, that is, the shelter of the earth with special materials that regulate the air and water regime in the upper soil layer. These materials include crushed tree bark, chopped straw, wood chips, which prevent the beetles from penetrating the soil and laying eggs there.
- If it is necessary to protect strawberry or strawberry beds, grooves are made in rows 30–40 cm deep, which are impregnated with 75% solution of karbofos.
- In a bucket of water (10 liters) add half a tablespoon of ammonia. The resulting solution is watered beds.
- Also the larvae are scared away by the cabbage leaves buried in the ground, mustard sprouts. You can plant turnips, elder, turnip, lupine or some cruciferous plants around the beds.
As you can see, the cockchafer does a lot of harm, but you can fight it. There are various ways to remove it from the site. Some are more expensive, others are less dangerous, but you can always find the right one. However, to protect your crop, it is better to carry out preventive measures in time.
Folk ways to get rid of the Maybug
Many gardeners, in addition to chemical and biological preparations, practice other ways of getting rid of the Maybug:
- Digging the soil,
- Ground sodding,
- Lupine growing,
- Onion tincture.
The simplest and least effective way is digging the soil. To achieve the result, it is necessary to loosen the ground throughout the summer. Eggs choke during digging and loosening the soil, conditions for pupation of the larvae are violated, as a result of which they die.
The larvae of the cockchafer do not tolerate nitrogen, therefore, in order to get rid of them, areas are sown with clover. The roots of this plant are bacteria that absorb nitrogen. Later it accumulates in the ground and prevents the emergence and development of larvae of the May beetle.
Lupine - poison for the larvae
Weeds do not grow on crops of perennial lupine. The larvae will have to feed on the roots of this plant, which is poison to them.
During the period of vegetative development, the soil should be watered with cooked tincture of onion peel: put the onion peel (1/3 of the bucket) on the bottom of the bucket and pour water to the top.
Leave in this condition for 5 days. After the time the tincture is diluted in equal proportions with water.
You can also carry out soil treatment with a solution of chlorine. Only row spacing should be handled. It is important not to damage the plants: the distance from the root should be 5-10 cm. One and a half liters of water will need 100 g of chlorine. This amount of solution is enough to handle several bushes. The same composition will help get rid of weeds, which mainly grow between the rows.
A good remedy for beetles is salt and ammonia. In a bucket of water, add 200 g of coarse salt and 2 large spoons of ammonia. Mix well until all salt is dissolved. Prepare the solution to water the beds. This method is good to use during the flowering of potatoes as a preventive measure.
In order to achieve the best effect, the best time to fight the Maybugs is summer. It is in summer that beetles are as close to the ground as possible.
We study the goal
The breeding season of the cockchafer begins in May, and after mating, the female hrushka digs into the ground and lays eggs.
The life cycle of the May beetle
Not later than six weeks later, large white larvae appear on the light, which are easily recognizable by a twisted pose. They live for 3-4 years and before the last occurrence in the development cycle of the winter period they turn into pupae, from which at the end of the next summer the adult insect emerges. Well, his, thanks to the impressive size, peace-loving, but annoying temper, characteristic brownish-brown color and insatiable appetite, it is practically impossible to confuse with another species.
The larvae of the cockchafer love strawberry roots, as well as the root systems of a number of vegetable crops - corn, potatoes, cabbage, etc. The roots of trees, especially fruit, like cherries, apples and plums, as well as various shrubs, such as gooseberries, are no less attractive to them. and currants.
May beetle does not lay eggs in sodded, stony and heavy soils. Age of larvae can be determined by their size and behavior. Thus, in the first year of life, their head capsule is about 2.5 mm wide, and they themselves feed mainly on humus and small roots of various vegetation. In the second year, the head of the larva grows about twice - up to 4 mm, and in the third year - another 1.5 times (6-6.5 mm). In August and early September, the caterpillars hide from the cold to a depth of 1–1.5 m, and in spring they again rise almost to the very surface of the soil - closer to the food. Three-year-old larvae are the most voracious - each of them alone can destroy the root system of a young pine or spruce in a day.
Movement of May larvae in the soil during development
The invasions of the May beetle, which occur every 7-10 years, are a real disaster for everyone who has his own garden. If your site is located near the forest or oak, as well as near the sites already chosen by them, sooner or later this insect will come to you.
Natural enemies of the Maybug
The most effective methods for the control of agricultural pests, including the Khrushchev, are to attract its natural predators - birds, amphibians and some species of small mammals.
The most dangerous enemies of the cockchafer are our smaller winged brothers - starlings, rooks, thrushes, wagtails, sparrows, etc. Thus, only one pair of starlings during the rearing period of chicks can destroy up to 10 thousand adults (adults) and grubs, and the presence of tits in your garden will save the trees growing there from a number of pests. Therefore, attraction should devote maximum effort.
You can lure winged orderlies if you arrange around the site a hedge of a branching shrub - yellow acacia, dogrose, etc. It also does not hurt to arrange artificial nests for the birds. In particular, their presence is relevant if there is an orchard under your care. Birdhouses and nesting sites can be hung with the first thaws until the beginning of April, not forgetting to pour a layer of peat or wood dust inside the 1.5-2 cm layer. And, of course, special attention should be paid to feeding, as well as the absence of cats on the site.
Toads and lizards living in the garden are no less powerful help than birds. They only consist on different steps of the food ladder, so you have to choose - either one or the other. Toads mainly breed in water bodies and in swampy areas, while lizards are used to laying eggs in relatively dry soil.
Ещё один весьма эффективный метод борьбы с майским жуком – привлечение ежей. Сделать это можно путём их подкармливания. Нужно выделить небольшой (около 1м.кв.) участок и построить на нём нечто вроде небольшого шалаша. The remains of fish or chicken bones are placed inside the latter - hedgehogs, if they, of course, are in the district, will surely hear a seductive aroma and will come to you at the next evening at a light.
The fight with the May beetle folk methods
During the period of the highest activity of the insect, that is, with the advent of adults, they can be caught by shaking off trees and bushes. It is best to do this early in the morning, when the Maybug is stunned due to the night-time decrease in ambient temperature.
Search for may beetle for collection and destruction
Reduce the number of Khrushchev and his larvae is also possible with the help of improvised traps:
- A shallow container (plastic or metal basin) is driven into the ground in an open area near areas with vegetation or trees and smeared with solid oil or special glue for insects from the inside. On the night of the bottom of the pelvis prepared in this way, an average light source is installed. In the morning you will have to personally dispose of an entire army of insects, including many individuals of the May beetle, which came running into the light and successfully stuck to the walls of the trap.
- From the usual plastic bottle the neck is cut off, and 4 holes are made in the circumferential walls. They carry a cord, for which the trap is hung among the branches of fruit trees. After the bottom of it should pour a little bread kvass or fermented jam. Traps should be checked regularly, adding baiting fluids and removing dead insects. Soap trap for Khrushchev
- Under the lamp, fixed among the branches of garden trees, there is a small container with water, in which a little kerosene should be added. May beetle trap
The destruction of the cockchafer can be entrusted to poultry. Of course, it is not worth letting it out to the garden, otherwise the vegetation will be destroyed along with the pests. However, there is no faster way to get rid of manually collected larvae and dead adult beetles, than to pour them into the chicken trough.
If a walnut grows on your plot, you can safely include a decoction of its leaves in the arsenal of means to combat the rape and its larvae.
Chemical and mechanical methods of pest control
The use of heavy insecticides should be avoided. Together with the pest, they will destroy and beneficial insects, for example, bees, without which the reproduction of flowering plants is almost impossible, as well as scare away its natural enemies - birds, amphibians and carnivorous insects.
Protect the site from the onslaught of the Maybeetle in the following ways:
- soil mulching chopped bark, chopped straw or wood chips and sawdust, which makes it difficult for an insect to enter the soil for laying eggs, Straw mulching
- aromatic scare pest - it does not tolerate the smells of elderberry, lupine, representatives of the cruciferous family, turnips, mustard, wormwood, turnip, etc.
Plants that the Maybug cannot bear on a photo
The last two methods are controversial, because if the chemicals are not distributed correctly, the ecology of the whole land plot can be irreversibly disturbed.
Mechanical methods of dealing with the May beetle include regular digging and cultivation of the soil at the site with the subsequent collection of larvae and adults. Also, increased control is needed over the areas where there is the highest probability of occurrence of a pest - from forest plantations, abandoned land, etc.
Remember that if the May Beetle does not declare war on time, then in the very near future there will be nothing left on your site that would require your protection and guardianship. Therefore, when a pest is detected on the territory, it is necessary to immediately begin implementing measures to combat its development and further spread. And most importantly, you should know that the methods of scaring and destroying the Maybeetle work only together, therefore all actions in this direction, as well as their consequences, must be carefully considered.
Fighting Maybot Grubs: Ways to Fight
The larvae of the May beetle - the trouble for gardeners. Getting rid of them is very difficult. The fact is that they live deep in the ground, and you can see them only by digging up the soil. Interesting fact: The spring invasion of the May beetles (or Khrushchev) begins when the first young leaves appear on the birch tree, which they enjoy and eat.
Fight with Maybot larvae
There, on the trees, beetles mate, after which the uterus dug deep into the ground. Having laid there about 70 eggs, she dies. The hatched larvae look like white worms, and while they are small and weak.
In the first year they are not dangerous, as they feed on plant debris.
Having strengthened the following year, they become the “plague” of the vegetable garden, because eat the roots of absolutely all plants. But they also have a favorite delicacy - strawberries.
Ways to fight the larvae
The fight with the Maybot larvae begins with digging the soil. If these pests have chosen your site, it is necessary to dig the soil deep in the spring and autumn, manually selecting all the larvae from the ground. This is one of the most effective ways to clean the garden from the scourge.
- In the spring on the site, especially around the trees, you can plant white clover.
Scientists have found that the larvae can not tolerate nitrogen, and the clover has the ability to take it from the air and accumulate in the soil. Such land will be unsuitable for the life of these pests.
Larvae love to eat the roots of strawberries and can destroy almost the whole bed for the season.
You can also make grooves 40 cm deep and pour a solution of decis or karbofos into them.
Prepare it like this: 100 gr. Soak onion and garlic peels in warm water (10 liters). Capacity to close and leave to infuse for 3-5 days. The resulting infusion diluted 1: 1 and pour the berry bushes under the root.
The use of the Nemabact nematode, which is contained in the prepared bio soil, gives an excellent result in the fight against these earthworms.
The only condition is that you need to acquire this bio-soil either from manufacturers or in large specialized stores where all the conditions for its storage will be met.
Ways to fight adult beetles
To reduce the number of larvae in the soil and prevent females from laying new eggs, it is necessary to destroy adult individuals. There are several ways, applying which you can significantly reduce the population of Khrushchev on your site.
- The elder, lupine and all cruciferous beetles, for example, turnip or turnip, scare away beetles well. By planting these plants, you will get rid of some pests.
- You can make traps from plastic bottles or cups: fill them with water, jam or kvass and hang them in the trees. Every day, you need to check them and clean the beetles that got there.
- Another one of the trap options: an old basin or another similar container is treated with a sticky compound, for example, grease.
In the center of the trap is set any lighting device, you can even a solar-powered flashlight. Put such a trap at night under a tree. Insects attracted by the light will fly and stick to the trap. In the morning, it remains only to remove the captured pests.
Although it is not so easy to remove the Maybug larvae from your plot, you shouldn’t give up. By combining these methods of control, for a season, you can reduce the population of these pests or even get rid of them for good.
How to get rid of beetle larvae
The omnipresent cockchafer, if not dealt with, is capable of causing great damage to the garden. In childhood, on warm spring evenings, we tirelessly chased the May beetles and then happily counted the trophies. Who has more, the same clever.
It turns out that those of our children's games brought great benefits to the gardens. The May beetles are light-brown 3 cm centimeter crinkles, like the bark beetles that are "disgraceful" in young gardens, damaging deciduous and coniferous trees.
Their grown larvae up to 6.5 centimeters long have very strong jaws and are able to gnaw through thick roots even in 6-7 year old trees. They are especially fond of strawberry roots.
Beetles and larvae overwinter in the soil. Beetles appear in spring when the leaves of birch blossom. They fly in the evening, after sunset, and are very buzzing when flying. By midnight, they calm down, calmly sit on the branches, sometimes settling themselves with whole garlands, and eat the leaves.
Under the trees, where the mass "feast" takes place, the earth is entirely covered with leaf stumps and beetle excrement. However, sometimes May pests "work" during the day, completely baring the trees. Their favorite dishes are the leaves of oak, birch, willow, poplar, and of their fruit - pears, apples, plums and cherries.
After several days of gluttony, the May beetles mate, the females burrow into the ground to a depth of 10-30 centimeters (depending on the density of the soil) and lay between 70 and 130 eggs. They give preference to loose and sandy areas. After 30-40 days the larvae appear, which feed on small roots and humus.
The larvae of the May beetle live in the soil for 3 to 5 years, already feeding on plant roots. In the fall, they spend the winter in the soil, and in the spring the process continues. Therefore, before laying the orchard and strawberry plantations, examine the soil, look for the dominance of the larvae.
Dig the soil, select them (they are large and well visible) and destroy. If you find strawberry bushes that died from the "intrigues" of the May Beetle, dig them up and burn them.
For prophylaxis in rows of healthy strawberries, make grooves 30-40 centimeters deep and spill them with a 0.75% solution of Carbofos (10% emulsion concentrate) or 0.1-0.2% Decis. May beetles most often accumulate on plums.
Shake them on the litter and burn. Spray fruit trees can only immediately after flowering. They love these noisy pests light, willingly fly to the light traps (substitute a basin of water under the light bulb, where add a few drops of kerosene).
It is rather difficult to fight the larvae, as they can hide deep in the ground, sometimes up to 50 cm. You can save your garden from these unwanted “guests” by using insecticides specially developed for such purposes.
These are mainly drugs whose active ingredient is diazinon or thiamethoxam. Their activity is translaminar, therefore, after the solution has been applied to the soil, the manifestation of a systemic action begins, consisting in the loss of appetite of the pest within one hour.
After 24 hours, the complete death of the larvae, beetle and other insects is noted.
Insecticides of biological origin are also quite effective and have proven themselves with the best side of gardeners. They are based on microscopic worms - nematodes that parasitize on various soil pests, including the larvae of the May beetle.
One feature should be noted so that the effect of the drug is what is expected, the drug should be purchased only in a specialized store or directly from the manufacturer, as the nematode is a living organism and if it is not stored properly, they are prone to death, which will naturally affect the fight against the larva.
The effectiveness of this tool is that during all periods of plant development, none of its parts in the ground are affected by pests such as the larvae of the may-beetle and others. Organisms of this type are in the ground for three years until they turn into a beetle, therefore, it is enough to imagine the scale of damage caused by the larva during this period.
They can be eliminated with chlorine. To do this, fertilize the soil with potassium chloride and other fertilizers containing chlorine. With the onset of autumn, when it comes time to dig the soil, you can pour it with a small amount of “Whiteness”, and in the spring before preparing the beds for planting, crush the egg shells and sprinkle the ground.
It is necessary to strive to destroy not only the larvae alone, but also the May beetles themselves. The smaller their number, the naturally fewer the larvae will be.
The measures to combat these voracious caterpillars are as follows
One of the most dangerous pests for strawberries is the cockchafer, namely its larvae. The May beetle (Khrushka) belongs to the Khrushchev subfamily. In the European part of Russia there are two types of beetle: western and eastern. By way of life they are similar.
They start flying in spring (in central Russia - in early May, to the south - in the middle of April). The flight of beetles continues on average 30 days, in the evenings, around trees, the foliage of which they devour. Two weeks later, mating occurs. For egg laying, the female buries herself in the soil to a depth of 15-25 cm, avoiding dense soils.
The egg-laying takes place in three to four doses, the female lays about 70 eggs in total. The larvae are born in three to six weeks. Develop 3-4 years.
At younger ages, they feed on humus, and in the second or third year of life they usually go on to feed on plant roots. They overwinter in the soil at a depth of 1.5 m. In spring, the larvae of the May beetle rise to the upper soil layers and continue feeding.
The most voracious larvae of four years of age. In the fourth summer of life, they pupate, and after a month and a half the beetle emerges, which usually remains to winter in the soil. A place for wintering for the May beetle, as well as for its larvae, is the soil.
The measures to combat these voracious caterpillars are as follows:
- When digging future beds under your strawberries, carefully select all the bugs and their larvae, especially if they are white or yellowish.
- And even better in the beds sow predecessors: lupine, marigolds (Chernobrivtsy), buckwheat, canola, and dig them.
50-80 bright blue flowers are collected in mutants located one above the other. On the beds where lupine grows - weed vegetation usually does not grow, therefore the larvae of lupine are forced to eat the roots of lupine, which are poison for them. (There are cases of poisoning of children and adults with lupine seeds).
The marigolds belong to the Asteraceae family. Three varieties of this plant are best known: marigolds are erect, marigolds are rejected and marigolds are thin-leaved.
Compost and dung heaps, as the most acceptable for their life, shovel in late autumn and spring when it is cold outside, the larvae die of cold.
And even better under the compost and humus heaps, to lay the whole plastic film, which will become a barrier for the penetration of the larvae for wintering from the humus heap into the soil.
These areas need to be plowed and planted with a crop on green mass, buckwheat, or plants of the pumpkin kind, at least for one year before growing strawberries.
Pour a watering can onto the bush and dig, pull the bush gently with a clod of earth and start shaking off the ground until the larva falls to the ground, try to plant a strawberry bush in place, and you will have to sacrifice some of the leaves and pick up a good watering can save.
Basudin is a non-systemic organophosphorus insecticide of a wide spectrum of action, which protects agricultural crops from soil-invading insects and pests. The period of the protective action of the drug - 6 weeks.
The beds planned for planting strawberries are recommended to be treated with ammonia water.
It is, of course, better to apply this fertilizer in April - May, and then throughout the summer to keep the area fallow and clean from weeds, so that the larvae come into contact with the treated soil and die.
To protect young strawberry seedlings, before planting, it is necessary to dip their roots in the solution of Aktara (0.5%).
Aktara is an insecticide of intestinal contact action.
Another effective substance from the larvae of the May beetle is the drug "Force" is applied to the future strawberry-strawberry beds 12 kg / ha for 8-9 days before planting.
After the insecticide Fors enters the soil under the action of soil moisture, the granules slowly dissolve, followed by the release of the active substance in the form of vapors, which fill the free soil capillaries and actively bind to the soil particles.
Thus, the Force insecticide is fully concentrated in the place of introduction, protecting the culture from harmful insects.
И наконец наиболее распространенный препарат, который продается в каждом садоводческом магазине — Антихрущ. Период полураспада 45 дней, так что если ягоды уже на кустах, то обрабатывать нельзя.
Антихрущ продается в жидкой форме, фасовка 10мл, 30 мл, 150 мл. Применяется против широкого спектра вредителей. Под клубнику, малину, землянику, норма расхода Антихруща 10 мл. на 5 литров воды.
Источник: "hozyaistvo.com, wikidor.ru, klubnikka.blogspot.com"
5 способов защиты от майского жука
May beetle, or rather, its larvae (crunches), very annoying us in the garden, and in the garden, and in the vineyard. They usually fight with him only in the garden, as damaged potatoes or root vegetables are visible. The activity of this “hard worker” in the garden and vineyard remains unnoticed.
Meanwhile, only 3-5 larvae can eat the roots of a young tree, causing its death. Grapes are also damaged by the Maybot larvae. However, the plant does not die from the larvae - the grapes have great vitality. Having lost heel roots, expels dews, having lost dews, again goes to heel.
But yields, naturally, are very low. Shoots ripen poorly, and even with a small load bushes look overloaded. To deal with this pest, there are several proven methods.
The larvae of this beetle are omnivores. Populating areas that are well fertilized with manure, they severely damage vegetable crops. In addition, the western cockchafer in trees can damage not only the roots, but also directly large 2-3-year-old trees.
Beetles hibernate in the soil at a depth of 25-50 cm (in other sources they write that they live at a depth of a meter or more). Out of the soil during the flowering of apricot, cherry, fly in the evening. Two weeks after the release, the females lay their eggs in the soil to a depth of 20-40 cm, in groups of 5-20.
They live in the soil up to 4 years. In summer, in search of food, they are able to cover a distance of up to 100 m, moving horizontally in the upper soil layer, not more than 20 cm from the ground level. The larvae of the first year of life do not cause much harm to potatoes, because they feed on humus and thin roots.
Larvae of later ages are white, large, C-shaped. The head is brown, with yellow-brown jaws. On the anal segment of the abdomen there are 2 rows of 25-30 small conical bristles. Larvae of the last age can reach a length of 45-65 mm.
And these larvae are the hated pests of all of us, because as they are voracious to the impossibility - they gnaw up the tubers of potatoes and other crops.
When the larvae are full of eggs, they pupate, and after a month, a maximum of one and a half, young beetles appear from the pupae and remain to spend the winter. In potato tubers, grubs digest tissue, leaving rounded or oblong cavities with uneven edges, which create conditions for penetration of various microorganisms into the tuber.
Unlike scoops, they leave no residue of the peel along the edges of the cavities. Autumn and spring digging of the soil can help in the fight against the grubs. During the month of May and all summer, loosen the earth between the rows of potatoes. At this time, the beetles lay their eggs, molting and pupation of the larvae take place, and when digging and loosening the soil, the eggs are crushed, the conditions of molting and pupation of the larvae are violated, and, as a result, they die.
Therefore, I will continue to tell you about how to deal with the larvae of the Maypole with folk remedies. Plant a field infected with larvae with perennial lupine. Weeds do not grow on his crops, so the larvae will have to feed on the roots of lupine, which are natural poison for them.
There is another good old way that protects your harvest from voracious larvae - a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g per 1 liter of water). Pour it under the bushes of potato sprouts. A good preventive measure is the treatment and purification of the dacha plots from old stumps and thickets of wild herbs.
Uproot the old stumps - and you will surely find under them a mass of larvae of the May beetle of different ages. Collect them, destroy or feed the birds.
The fight against the larvae will be incomplete if you forget about those who produce them into the world. Therefore, shake the beetles on the litter from the trees in the mornings and burn them. At night, using light traps, you can catch and destroy a sufficient number of individuals.
Hang on the dacha of the light bulb and place water tanks under them, add a few drops of kerosene to the water. Beetles will fly into the light and fall into the water. Do not forget about the feathered friends of gardens and orchards. For example, starlings feed on adult May beetles and their larvae.
You can try the following method. If you have found traces of an uninvited guest on your site, take 200 g of coarse salt and 2 tbsp on a bucket of water. spoons of ammonia. Stir the contents of the bucket until the salt is completely dissolved and pour the beds. During the flowering of potatoes, this measure can be used as a preventive measure.
Good fighters of the potato front against beetles are ordinary chickens. A few chickens and a rooster will do an excellent job with their task, destroying almost all the larvae of the May beetle. If you decided to use chemical preparations, I’ll tell you a little about the fight against beetle larvae with the help of chemistry.
The main thing - remember that in this case, you can remove and use products only after 20, and even better - 30 days after the last treatment.
In the garden immediately after the flowering of the trees, treat them with approved insecticides (to kill the beetles): Aktara, Arrivo, Match, Decis, Konfidor, Konfidor Maxi, Sherpa. Many recently to protect potatoes, seedlings of vegetable and flower crops are now making before planting the drug Prestige.
So, it is possible to eliminate the larvae that have accumulated in the garden and save the damaged strawberries, tomato seedlings, which have begun to disappear, by treating the wells with Prestige. Obviously, this drug can be considered the most likely and effective means of combating the bugs by pouring it into places where the presence of the bugs has been determined. You can also use the so-called soil preparations: Thunderbolt, Thunderer 2, Medvetoks U.
Method 1 - using a spade
Oddly enough, the easiest way to control soil pests is to sample and destroy the larvae when digging a plot and tree trunks. Moreover, it is necessary to dig up in the spring, since by the fall the larvae of the pest move away from the heat to more humid and cool soil layers, to a depth of 60-70 cm.
I understand that opponents of the shovel do not like to dig, but here it is necessary to work the land twice a year. But there is no other way. Especially dangerous virgin plots. As a rule, there are a lot of larvae of Khrushchev.
It is best to simply destroy the weeds in the area, especially the wheat grass, which must also be cleaned in the neighborhood, as it is a real delicacy not only for cracklers, but also for wireworms.
Method 2 - using grass
You can destroy the Khrushchev grass. But not ordinary - you need to sow in the garden or the garden on the siderata perennial lupine. Just before that, you need to remove the weeds and sow weed more densely, so that the shoots of the other weeds are damped.
The essence of the method is that the lupine for the larvae of the beetles is poison. And since the rest of the grass will not be near, they will have to feed on lupine, which will cause a massive death of the pest. This is a simple and very effective solution to the problem.
Method 3 - scare away
Immediately it is worth mentioning that it is easier to scare off the larvae in the garden, harder on the berries and vineyards and almost impossible in the garden. Frightens off the beetles by watering (under the bush) seedlings of potatoes or holes before planting seedlings of vegetable crops with a solution of potassium permanganate (3-5 g per 10 l of water).
In principle, it is possible to exterminate the larvae. Before planting berries and gardens, the places planned for planting apples, plums, currants and other crops are recommended to be treated with ammonia water.
It is better to do this, of course, in May, and then throughout the summer to keep the plot clean from weeds, so that the larvae move more in search of food, come in contact with the treated soil and die.
In order to prevent the strawberries (under the bushes) should be watered with a solution of ammonia (10-20 ml per 10 liters of water), or chlorine-containing fertilizers should be added to the culture.
Method 4 - Poison
You can take any insecticide (Aktara, Decis, Arrivo, Sherpa, karbofos), dilute according to the instructions and with the prepared solution slightly pour the soil around the bushes. Only this should be done in the spring or early summer, a month before the harvest. In the second half of the summer, the crunches are already deep in the soil, and such watering is unlikely to help.
Method 5 - kill the bugs
We see may beetles in May. During this period they fly, they can be shaken from trees in the morning when they are inactive, and destroyed. Help reduce the number of these bugs and light traps. It is necessary to take into account the fact that they feed on foliage.
Therefore, it is enough at this time to annually cultivate the garden and shrubs with karbofos, and the number of soil in the soil will decrease annually. The difficulty lies only in the fact that trees are sprayed with chemicals only after the end of flowering, and the cockchafer flies at this particular time.
Source: "yard.hozvo.ru, dachka-ogorodik.ru"
Voracious May beetles and their larvae - we start the fight
Almost all gardeners who grow vegetables and fruits on their site almost every year try to get rid of various plant pests. The question of how to get rid of the larvae of the cockchafer on the site, which are considered to be a real disaster of berry plantings and many garden crops, is becoming increasingly relevant.
It so happened that one of the signs of the arrival of spring is the appearance of May beetles, which themselves do not cause much harm to the crop. The troubles begin during the period when the leaves appear on the birch - the time when the insect female starts laying eggs.
A particularly favorite of their delicacy is garden strawberries (strawberries), in which they are happy to eat the root system. For many years, scientists have been looking for the most effective ways to get rid of the larvae of the May Beetle. Get rid of this pest hard enough, because their habitat are the deep layers of soil.
However, if the time does not destroy both the larvae of the May beetle and the adults themselves, then you can remain without a crop and lose the plants themselves.
Increased nitrogen content in the soil
Thanks to many years of research, it has been established that the high nitrogen content in the soil layers will be especially destructive for the deposited larvae of the cockchafer. As a source of nitrogen, you can choose white clover, which need to sow the area around the garden trees.
The principle of influence on the larvae of the cockchafer is as follows: on the roots of white clover, special nodule bacteria are formed that absorb nitrogen from the surrounding air and produce protein synthesis.
For this reason, a large concentration of nitrogen is formed in the soil and this soil becomes unattractive for the larvae.
Sowing a plot of land with white clover allows you to simultaneously solve several problems:
- Getting rid of the larvae of the Maybeetle,
- Improving the quality of fruits growing in the garden,
- Nitrogen supply of vegetation
- Cleaning the garden from weeds.
The variety of popular methods of struggle
Of all the variety of ways to get rid of these harmful insects, one of the most effective is to trap adult Maybugs, since one female can lay up to 60-70 eggs. Considering how many larvae can hatch from them, the rationality of using this method is quite understandable.
To catch adult insects and get rid of them, you can use the following methods:
- A good effect is given by the use of a sticky substance, which is usually used for catching flies.
To catch the Maybugs, you can take note of the following method: a small container is chosen, the side walls of which are lubricated with sticky liquid.
With the onset of the dark of the day, any source of light is placed on the bottom of the prepared dishes and the prepared trap is put in a public place with a good view, which will quickly attract the May beetle,
In order to reduce the number of these insects in the country, you can use the representatives of the animal world.
It turns out that the larvae of these insects are a treat for hedgehogs, so when you find a site near the forest you can, if possible, attract hedgehogs to your cottage.
Starlings are especially dangerous for pests, for which birdhouses can be built on their plot.
A good means of scaring for the May beetles is an infusion of onion peel, which is used for watering the beds with dacha plantings.
To make it, the 1/3 bucket is filled with onion peel and filled with water. This mixture is infused for 4-5 days, after which the same amount of water is added to it and irrigated,
One of the obstacles for female Maybugs is soil mulching, and materials such as bark, straw, or shavings can be used for this.
Soil mulching prevents females from entering the ground to lay eggs.
The use of chemical preparations for the destruction of the larvae of the May beetles at their summer cottage is an extreme measure and it can be used only when safer means of struggle did not give a positive result.
Among the chemicals intended for disposal of pests living in the earth, the most effective are the insecticides “Zemlin”, “Pochin” and “Aktara”. But most gardeners still prefer safer for plants and environmentally friendly means of control.
One of the representatives of the preparations of biological action is "Nemabakt", which allows you to eliminate the pest at the initial stage of its development. The basis of the drug is a small nematode worm that lives in the ground and the main way of its nutrition is the larvae of harmful insects.
Pest eradication occurs by penetration of nematodes into the larvae and it takes 2-3 days to complete this process. Such nematodes do not pose any threat to plants, man or useful live microorganisms.
Fight with maggots - in strawberries
The larvae of the May beetles hide in the ground at a depth of 50-60 cm and can be found only with a deep digging area. In this case, they must be selected and destroyed manually. This advice was received from several gardeners, with a vivid description of how the bed was dug, how the larvae were searched and found.
But still, I am weakly presenting this process in my performance. Although, if they finish it, it is quite possible that I will begin to make "excavations". In the soil the larva lasts for 3-4 years, after which it turns into an adult beetle, which feeds on the leaves of the trees.
As a preventive measure, in the spring, to shed the ground under strawberry bushes with a solution of ammonia (10-20 ml per 10 liters of water) or make grooves about 40 cm deep in strawberry rows and shed them with a 0.1-0.2% decis solution.
What gives ammonia for strawberries? helps to get rid of the larvae of the May beetle. But the greatest effect of course is given by special preparations for the destruction of soil pests. These insecticides are “Zemlin” (Russia), “Bazudin” (Switzerland), “Pochin” (Russia) with the active substance diazinon.
Aktara VDG (Russia) - active ingredient thiamethoxam. Pesticide "Antikhrusch" (Ukraine).
Well, the most effective and safe for plants and humans is the biological preparation Nemabak, which is based on a nematode, which selectively destroys soil pests, including the larvae of the May beetle. The effectiveness of "Nemabakt" in the fight against the bug is 80-90%.
Just pay attention to the storage conditions of this drug, it contains living organisms and therefore it is better to buy it in specialized stores or from manufacturers. Also do not forget about preventing re-infection by the larvae of the May beetle of your site.
For prophylaxis (when the plants are still intact) it is necessary: again in spring to shed the ground under strawberry bushes (strawberries) with a solution of ammonia (10-20 ml per 10 l of water) or to make grooves about 40 cm deep in rows and shed them 0.1 -0.2% solution of decis.
Now it’s not recommended to keep strawberries in one place for more than 2 years, well, a maximum of 3 years. Do not forget to mix the soil well, and for this it is easiest to use agrofibre. In childhood, the Maybug was associated with the final arrival of warm days, the approach of summer holidays and the joy of "listening to the radio" in a matchbox.
But we have grown up, and now May beetle is associated with gnawed strawberry roots, gnawed leaves of fruit trees and other torments of garden inhabitants. And it would be better for Khrushchev to remain a sweet childhood memory. But no - the reality is that you have to declare a fight to this insect. Therefore, the topic of our article is the fight against the rape and its larvae. And oh, this struggle is not easy.
How to deal with the larvae
The larvae live quite deep in the ground, and they can only be found while digging the soil. Unfortunately, the most effective fight against the grubs' larvae is the painstaking manual search for them while digging the soil. Of course, it is possible to use special insecticide preparations - “Antikhrushch”, “Aktara”, “Basudin”, etc.
So, before planting a young strawberry, its roots are dipped in a 0.5% solution of Aktara. In any case, processing is carried out before the berries are set. And even better - and completely abandon insecticides, and try to fight with this pest folk methods. Ведь любое химическое средство вредит не только жукам в земле, но и самим культурам.
Поскольку очень уж не любит азота майский жук, борьба с ним может вестись весьма изящным способом: высадкой растений, которые накапливают азот в почве, поглощая его из воздуха.
Например, обсадить деревья белым клевером. А еще личинками жуков любят лакомиться кроты. Поэтому выводить их из участка или повременить – еще вопрос.
Спасаем клубнику от хруща
During the season, the larvae of this pest can seriously damage your strawberry beds. What can be done? In the spring, we recommend spilling the beds with a solution of ammonia (ammonia) at the rate of 10-15 ml (sometimes they write about higher concentrations, but don't risk it - you can easily burn roots) for 10 l of water.
At the same time, feed strawberries, ammonia, ammonia, contains nitrogenous compounds that are easily accessible to plants. Another way to get rid of the larvae of the May beetle on a strawberry is to treat it with onion peel extract.
To do this, add ten grams of warm water to ten liters of warm water, cover with a lid and insist for three or four days. The resulting solution is again half diluted with water and watered bushes under the root.
It will help get rid of the crunch and mulching strawberries with chips - the insect does not like its flavor. If you live in an area where there is no shortage of pine needles, you can try out this trick: gurgle the beds with a thick layer of needles. It will not be easy for the beetle to get into the ground through the spines, and it will leave your garden strawberries alone.
Dung heap - hotbed of Maybirds
Manure heaps, compost, is one of the most popular and effective fertilizers, an invaluable source of organic matter. However, in the compost and manure just love to live Khrushchi. Therefore, in late autumn or spring, when it is already freezing, heaps need to be shoveled so that the larvae die from the cold.
And in the spring, before making compost or half-dead manure, it is better to sift this fertilizer manually, so as not to bring unwanted guests to the bed. Yes, the May Beetle brings us a lot of trouble.
And, nevertheless, it is better than combating the worm with chemical poisons. After all, it is better to put up with the presence of a small amount of Khrushchev in the garden than to risk his or her family’s health.
Source: "kvitka-ua.com, atmagro.ru"
Many gardeners refuse to use excess chemistry at the site. But sometimes there is simply no other choice. Most often used such drugs:
- "Zemlin" - Russian production.
- "Basudin" - Swiss production.
- "Aktara" - Russian production.
- "Antikhrushch" - Ukrainian production.
Apply these solutions strictly according to the instructions and with the utmost care.
Recently, a drug such as Nemabak has been very common among summer residents. He destroys pests directly in the ground, preventing them from developing into an adult insect. The action of the drug is based on the use of nematodes - tiny worms that parasitize on other insects.
They live in the ground and eat insect larvae. Nematode enters the larva and destroys its maximum in 2 days.
After a few days, the multiplied nematodes completely destroy the larva and go in search of a new food. The efficiency of the use of "Nemabakt" is quite high - 90% of the larvae are guaranteed to be destroyed. This drug is absolutely safe for people, animals, fish and beneficial insects.
Experienced gardeners have long invented many tools to combat the larvae of the May beetles. Often, it is better to resort to proven tools:
- A good tool is considered to be watering the land throughout the entire period of plant growth with a decoction of onion peel or garlic.
Starlings and hedgehogs are very fond of eating the larvae and adult May beetles. The hedgehogs family will clean the garden better than any chemical products.
Use different traps and hand picking to kill adult insects.
No adult beetles - there will be no larvae. It should be borne in mind that in the early morning to shake off the beetles will be much more effective - at temperatures below + 15 ° they fall into a stupor. But this method is better suited for small areas.
Beetles and larvae are afraid of smells of elderberry, lupine, and cruciferous plants.
Turnips and turnips are planted between the beds, and mustard shoots and cabbage leaves are buried in the ground.
Sodding Sowing white clover or lupine will enrich the soil with nitrogen and will not allow pests to settle on the site.
In addition, female beetles also do not like this place, they will fly away in search of a more suitable place for laying eggs.
Prevention of appearance
If there is a danger of infection or reappearance of the May beetle and its offspring, it is better to be safe and pre-treat the site. For prevention, use the following methods:
- To protect strawberries and strawberries, it is necessary to make trenches about 35 cm deep between the ridges. They should be filled with 75% karbofos solution. Larvae do not come close to such a soil.
- Occasionally water landing plant liquid ammonia. To prepare the solution, the floor of a tablespoon of alcohol must be diluted in a ten-liter bucket of water.
- Thoroughly mulch the soil.
- When digging the soil in autumn, it will be useful to shed the soil with a chlorine-containing solution, for example, “Belize”.