The health and fecundity of rabbits, like any animals, depends not only on the proper creation of living conditions, but also on a well-thought out diet. Experienced breeders know that not all the recommendations voiced by professors are applicable to one or another eared family. Therefore, it is necessary not only to follow the advice received, but also to monitor the state of the population. So, for example, if one rabbit eats a green salad with pleasure, the other can get a little food poisoning. Then the question arises: "Is it possible to eat a salad for rabbits?"
What can be given to the rabbit
How to choose the right food, rich in minerals and unable to harm the delicate eared body? You will find the answer to this question in the presented review.
Nutrition Features in the Wild
To properly formulate a diet that is useful to rabbits, you need to pay attention to the composition of food consumed or in their natural environment. Among these:
It is important to know that the hare's digestive tract is specific: the intestine is not able to independently promote the digested mass, therefore, in order to live a full life, the eared one must constantly chew. Therefore, if there is no feed, gastrointestinal stasis may develop, causing bloating and even death.
A small member of the hare family needs a balanced diet, so it is important to properly formulate their diet. One of the key ingredients is grass. Without it, the digestive system may fail. Treat rabbit's favorite delicacies:
Having become acquainted with this list, do not rush to destroy all the weeds from the farm. Perhaps among them you will find treats rich in antioxidants that increase resistance to various diseases for the whole population.
Feeding individuals can additionally offer rhubarb, dill (improve the quality and quantity of milk given to the offspring). Parsley is given at the time of separation of the baby rabbit from the mother, as it affects the milk supply (stops its formation).
Important: for one day, rabbit eats about a kilogram of different vegetation.
Rabbits can eat a green salad, or rather even need. Why? Because it is an indispensable supplier of folic acid, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. However, it is very important not to overdo it with its quantity, because a small amount of alkaloids can provoke poisoning when overeating a green product.
However, be careful with the following plants:
- sore head
- mustard wild,
- buttercup poisonous, caustic
- wild radish,
Celandine, horsetail and loboda are given in minimal quantities. It is necessary to monitor the way the rabbit eats such food and the response of the body. If something went wrong, then urgently have to remove the food provided from the trough, add delicacies with vitamins and water.
The plants listed in the list can cause serious poisoning and even kill eared ones (it’s all about the large number of alkaloids contained in these plants). It is important that the grass offered to rabbits and rabbits be slightly dried or dried in aerated areas (do not allow the rotting of products prepared for long-eared food). In it, unlike vegetation with dew, there will definitely not be a random poison.
It is necessary to give the rabbit plants no earlier than after they reach the age of two months. In this case, the introduction of a new product should resemble the first feeding of the child (slowly add, in small portions, first green). This adult can even eat the bark of trees, but the offspring must be protected from hard food, so as not to injure the gastrointestinal tract.
What to give to rabbits: a list of prohibited foods
Many novice breeders can be bothered by such a serious question: what to feed their pets, and what kind of food is deadly for them? It would seem that the answer is obvious: everyone from childhood learned that rabbits love carrots and cabbage. In fact, everything turns out to be not so simple.
The diet of animals should be very diverse and include all the necessary vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates. First of all, a large number of juicy and green fodder in a season. In the latter case, we are talking about fresh greenery, young shoots of trees and grass, which animals need from early scales to late autumn. If such feed in excess, because of what the pets started stomach upset, then the volume should be reduced, replacing part of the hay and dry concentrate.
Among the herbs that give to rabbits is dandelion, clover, burdock, sow thistle, plantain, yarrow, wormwood, horse sorrel, willow-herb, tavolga, rape, tansy, mouse peas and others. They must be present in diversity, not limited to any one species, otherwise the animals will start to gain weight poorly.
No less large is the list of products prohibited for this type of animal. First of all, you should forget about salt and chalk stones, because the rabbit's digestive system is not designed for a large amount of minerals and salt, and the excess will be deposited in the form of kidney stones. This is especially harmful to pets "aged", which have little movement.
It is quite allowed and virtually any greens from those that a person uses in his diet: parsley, dill, basil, onion, garlic, tarragon, marjoram, oregano, celery, rosemary, mint and lemon balm. The last two types, however, should be limited and strictly dosed due to the high content of essential oils.
In small quantities should be introduced into the diet of wick wick, alfalfa, beet tops, carrots, leaves and cabbage stalk, legumes.
Be careful you have to be with nettles - it needs to be processed before serving. For example, chop fresh leaves, scald them with boiling water and mix with a certain amount of compound feed and bran. Give already chilled.
Suitable juicy food - carrots are almost unlimited, as well as a little silage, beets and cucumbers without peel, mushrooms, asparagus, fennel, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, iceberg lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower and Chinese cabbage, etc.
As a delicacy and no more than one or two times a week you can pamper pets with different fruits (in the form of slices) and berries: watermelon, apples, blackberries, pears, bananas, raspberries, blueberries, rosehips, kiwi, grapes, tangerines.
In addition to the fact that you can give an ornamental rabbit, do not forget about the observance of the drinking regime of pets - at any time of the year, even in summer, when there is a lot of juicy food in the diet. This is especially true of lactating bunnies, because with milk they lose a decent amount of liquid.
Is it possible to include cow milk in the rabbit diet? Absolutely not, like any other animal products: meat, cheese, fish. Do not forget that the rabbit is still a herbivore, and its digestion will not cope with what it is not set up for.
Among the things that should not be given to rabbits are poisonous plants: euphorbia, henbane, dope, buttercups, digitalis, hemlock, celandine and others. Some representatives of room flora can cause death of pets: begonia, azalea, amaryllis, kala, monstera, dieffenbachia, figs, kalanchoe, ivy, oleander.
Any sweets turn animals into something like drug addicts and at the same time severely undermine their immunity, lead to indigestion and other health problems.
Among the "taboo" products - food from the owner's table, first of all - cereals, muesli and nuts. They contain too much fat and starch, leading to obesity and serving as an excellent breeding medium for pathogens in the intestines.
A proper and balanced diet is almost a guarantee of the health of pets and obtaining offspring from them with the same high immunity. Any experiments with the composition of food can end in tears primarily for the owner - he will receive less profit.
Poisonous plants and herbs
Not all growing herbs will be equally beneficial for eared ones. Many of them are generally considered poisonous, which means that they can not only contribute to the breakdown of the rabbit's digestive system, but also lead to death.
Learn in detail what you can not feed the rabbits.
First of all, such plants include such plants:
- wild rosemary
- bird cherry,
All of them in one degree or another have a negative effect on the organism of the animal, most often causing diarrhea and bloating. Depending on the level of toxicity and the number of eaten parts of the plant can be fatal.
Did you know?The longest officially registered ears became the owner of the rabbit from the state of Kansas, which fell into the Guinness Book of Records in 2003. The length of this part of the body at the time of measurement was almost 80 cm.
Cabbage leaves - not very useful, but acceptable product in the diet of rabbits. Their use is often resorted to in winter, when there is little other greenery left at home.
However, the stalk remaining after eating the leaves should be immediately removed from the cells, since this part is characterized by the highest concentration of harmful substances (especially if the cabbage was treated with any toxic chemicals during growth).
The scale of the harm is difficult to predict: at least the animals will have a problem with digestion, and they may refuse to eat.
Potatoes are successfully used by many farmers when feeding rabbits, as the vegetable contains a large amount of useful starch - an excellent source of energy. However, if the animals lead a sedentary lifestyle, this component will quickly turn into fat, causing further heart problems. Important!Permissible rate of issue of raw potatoes is not more than 150 g per rabbit per day. In addition, green and sprouted potatoes containing a large amount of solanine will be dangerous for the animals. This poison can kill them in just a few hours, especially when consuming a large amount of such food.
Sunflower seeds can harm the rabbits only if they are given out uncontrollably. They contain a large amount of fat and, in general, can impede digestive processes by clogging the stomach of the animal.
Learn how to feed a decorative rabbit.
However, in moderation from time to time they can still be given, at least there are many examples of their successful use in the diet of eared pets.
Virtually any sweets and especially chocolate are taboo for rabbits. They do not contain anything useful for them, but the preservatives and other chemical compounds present in the composition of such products may well provoke an allergic reaction or even serious intoxication of the body, as well as cause serious harm to the heart of the animal.
Nuts have a negative effect on the liver of rabbits and can cause severe poisoning of the animal, accompanied by vomiting, nausea, problems in the work of the heart and gall bladder. Important!In a small amount of walnut leaves will be useful to the rabbits, as they are characterized by good tonic properties. This is especially true for almond and nutmeg varieties, while walnuts are not so dangerous, although they are also undesirable in the diet of eared pets.
Dairy products are a good source of protein, but only an animal that rabbits do not need. It should be replaced by vegetable analogue, contained in sufficient quantity in dried yellow peas and barley.
Milk, regardless of the dose used, will lead to diarrhea and bloating of the animal, and in some cases prolonged indigestion and refusal of water leads to rapid dehydration and death of the animal. Find out if rabbits can be given beets, powdered milk, zucchini, pumpkin, peas, corn, dill, sprigs of cherries, fish oil, burdocks, wormwood, nettles, bran, cereals, bread.
As you know, rabbits are herbivores and do not feel the need for meat. Moreover, the introduction of this product into their diet can cause digestive problems, heaviness in the stomach and bloating.
Tomato and Potatoes
Potato and tomato tops are a very dangerous kind of greenery for rabbits, because it contains a large amount of such a toxic substance as solanine.
Did you know?In the rabbit world there are long-livers. Thus, the Australian rabbit, who died at the age of 18 years and 10 months, became the oldest officially registered representative.
It is dangerous not only for the digestive, but also for the nervous system of eared pets, therefore it should be completely excluded from the diet.
Its presence in the body causes severe poisoning, including the death of animals.
Conditionally allowed types of feed
Given the relative simplicity of rabbits to feed mixtures and vegetation, it is not surprising that they can eat almost anything that grows in the garden. Unfortunately, not all cultures will be equally useful, therefore, introducing them into the diet of animals is better dosed, observing precautions. The conditionally permitted food products include the following groups.
Find out how and what to feed a nursing bunny after a dog.
As you know, rabbits are very fond of vegetables, but some of them should be introduced into the diet in limited quantities. First of all it concerns:
- dining beets,
The uncontrolled issuance of any of the listed products can trigger the development of intestinal dysbiosis and, as a result, the disruption of the entire digestive system. Find out in detail what vegetables and fruits should be given to rabbits.
Of this group, fresh or dried apples and pears are particularly relevant, but only without pits. In addition, store-bought dried fruits are conditionally permitted products, but they can be given in small portions.
To prolong the shelf life, such food is often treated with sulfur. Of course, having eaten it, your pets will not die, but they will receive no benefit either. As for completely forbidden fruits, this category includes avocados, oranges, mangoes and figs.
Normally, cereals should be present in the eared diet, but some of them can significantly increase the accumulation of mucus in the digestive system. This is not desirable, as it can lead to problems with the health of rabbits. The main such varieties should include:
Also avoid cereals with a very hard texture and a high content of insoluble fiber. Learn how to feed a rabbit without a rabbit.
Many beans can cause excessive gas and bloating, thereby worsening the general condition of the animal. For this reason, with particular caution should be taken to the issuance of green peas, black and red beans, ready-made porridge and pea puree. If possible, it is desirable to eliminate such food from the diet altogether.
What can feed the rabbits
Here we come to the most important food group - the best food for feeding rabbits. It includes green, coarse, juicy and concentrated feed, which must be present in a certain amount in the diet of animals.
This group includes wild and cultivated herbs, in particular, beans, cereals and leaves of some garden plants. They are the basis of the summer eared ration from mid-spring to mid-autumn.
In the situation of choice, preference should be given to vetch, sweet lupine, forage clover, corn, alfalfa, young green oats and barley. The composition of the feed mixtures can include beans and cereals, but in its pure form it is better not to give them out, so as not to provoke flatulence. Find out why rabbits grow poorly and do not gain weight.
Coarse foods are commonly understood as vegetable foods rich in fiber. When feeding rabbits, special attention should be paid to high-quality hay, branch feed made from hay and various herbs flour.
Not less than 25% of the total diet of rabbits should be allocated to this group of feed mixtures, because thanks to the mentioned fiber, they quickly have a feeling of satiety with the most comfortable digestive processes.
For each adult for the winter, it is necessary to procure at least 40 kg of hay, and if it is planned to raise the crop, then another 10-15 kg should be added to this value. If there is a shortage of this product, it will be necessary to transfer the main herd to oatmeal, lentil, pea and millet straw, and distribute the remains of hay between young individuals and feeding rabbits. Learn how to feed rabbits with vegetal feed.
This type of food has a very high nutritional value with a small amount of fiber and water. В состав готовых смесей входят соя, бобы, чечевица, кукуруза, овёс и отходы технических культур (например, жмых, шроты и т. д.), а в качестве полезных добавок могут использоваться костная, кровяная и рыбная мука.
Concentrated feed mixtures can take up to 30–40% of the total diet of rabbits, since their presence contributes to the good growth and development of animals, improving lactation of lactating females.
No less important in this matter will be the method of issuing concentrated feed mixtures. So, for the highest quality assimilation of oats, corn and barley, it is better to give them in a ground form, sometimes with other concentrates.
Learn how to rid the rabbits of digestive problems: constipation, diarrhea, bloating.
Wheat bran is desirable to moisten, if necessary, mixing with succulent or green feed. As for the feed mixtures themselves, they are left in granular form, sometimes adding vitamins and drugs.
Cakes and meal should be best absorbed by the stomach of rabbits in steamed and pre-ground form, mixed with boiled potatoes whenever possible.
There are a lot of useful products for animals, so if you are not sure whether it is possible to give rabbits any little-known grass or food that is not intended for them, make a diet of proven ingredients, especially since most of them are found in every farm.
What can not feed the rabbits: video
You can’t feed rabbits with table beetroot, raw pumpkin, be careful with cabbage. Dry feeding is easier, of course, but everyone loves variety. Yes, and the growth is better. 7256 & start = 15 # p126616
It all depends on the number of rabbits. If there are no more than 20 of them, it is possible to make mash potatoes and feed them with a spoon. 🙂 And if their heads are 200 and more, you will not run up with spoons. 🙂
Conditionally allowed products
There are a number of products that can harm the rabbits, but which are allowed as a treat or encouragement.
Cabbage as a treat for a rabbit
- Cucumber cucumbers are eaten with great eagerness, but they lead to bloating of the stomach even in small doses. They should be given only without a core in small pieces as a treat, but not daily!
- White cabbage also leads to flatulence. Rabbits can be given only small, dried leaves.
- Bread should not be given, it is not in the wild, therefore it is not necessary to feed it with cellular contents. But as a treat, it is often used.
- Nuts like peanuts or walnuts, if given, are rarely the case. They are often added to the purchased feed, but in small doses.
Harmful dairy products
Despite the fact that rabbits from birth, their mother drinks their milk with their milk, it is impossible to give them milk during adulthood for several reasons.
Dairy products should not be given to rabbits.
- The protein found in milk is of animal origin. For rabbits, it is necessary to plant protein.
- Rabbit milk and cows are two different products. Sour milk, kefir, cheese, cottage cheese are also mostly made from cow's milk. For rabbits, they are harmful even in small quantities.
- In purchased milk, sour cream, ryazhenka few natural ingredients and a lot of dyes, flavors, preservatives. Even to humans, they are harmful, and even more so for rabbits!
What cereal can harm?
Legumes only harm the rabbits
Grain - an essential part of the diet of rodents, and rabbits, including. Without grain, they simply will not survive, since it is the cereals that contain the vegetable protein they need. But there are some crops included in the list of what you can not feed the rabbits.
- From black, red beans, young green peas will be bloating. Such legumes can not be given in any form, even if it is mashed.
- Rice is low in fiber and can increase the amount of mucus in the stomach.
- Millet, millet, rye in any form and even as an additive to the main feed can be harmful. They lead to an increase in mucus in the stomach, but, in addition, are too hard (especially rye) and the rabbit can just choke.
What fruits and vegetables can cause harm?
Although fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and minerals, some of them can cause harm to a furry animal. So, what can not feed the rabbits from fruits and vegetables? It is not recommended to give young or green potatoes, eggplants, radishes, onions, tomatoes, red cabbage, figs, avocados, mangoes, pineapples, citrus fruits.
Citrus rabbits to the detriment
In addition, it is important to note that even healthy vegetables for rabbits can be harmful if given in large quantities. Vegetables and fruits are juicy food. In large quantities, they lead to bloating, may disrupt the intestinal microflora. Therefore, the daily rate should be limited.