The Krasnaya Gorka cherry, bred in 2001, has high taste qualities. It is a storehouse of nutrients and a valuable dietary product. Gardeners love this variety for their decorative qualities, thanks to which a tree decorates a plot during the whole growing season.
The variety Krasnaya Gorka was bred in the All-Russian Research Institute of Lupine in Bryansk by the breeder M.V. Kanshina Cherry is obtained by crossing varieties of Leningrad Black and Compact Venyaminova. Zoned in the Central region. Differs in frost resistance: the adult tree transfers temperature decrease to 30 ° C.
Early maturity. It blooms in early May. Fruits, starting with 4 years. Berries are harvested in the middle of July. The variety is promising, the average yield. With respect to agricultural practices and in good conditions, up to 45 kg of berries are removed from an adult tree during a season. Transportability is average, due to the fact that the fruits are soft and very juicy. To transport over a long distance, refrigerators and quality packaging are required. Sort table destination.
The variety is self-infertile, cross-pollinated.
The best pollinators are: Raditsa, Bryansk Pink, Ovstuzhenka. For a more abundant crop, planting 2-3 pollinating trees at a short distance from each other is recommended. Cherry is also suitable as a pollinating neighbor.
According to the description, Krasnaya Gorka sweet cherry is a low-growing tree with a wide-round crown shape. The root system is horizontal, with a certain number of vertical processes. Abundant fruiting from 6 to 12 years. At the age of 16 years, the tree is considered old and not suitable for use, due to the small yields. The leaf is green, has the shape of an ellipse, pointed, large size. Petiole length 15 cm.
The arrangement of branches is whorled. Crohn develops rapidly and is prone to thickening. For prophylaxis, pruning is recommended every spring from 3 years of age. Vegetative, generative and mixed buds form on the tree.
Fruiting occurs on annual branches and bouquet shoots.
Flowers bisexual light shade. Bloom shortly before the leaves. Each flower has 5 petals, many stamens and one pistil. Fruit ripening uneven, continues until the end of June.
Description of the fetus
Rounded berries are collected in large bunches and hang densely on the branches. Fruits are large, weighing up to 6 g. A pleasant sweet taste with a slight sourness. The color of the pods is very unusual in that there is a scarlet blush on the golden background. The skin is glossy, smooth, smooth. The flesh without pigment, well separated from the bone, moderately juicy. There is practically no fat in the fruit composition - 0.02% per 100 g, carbohydrates - 16%, protein - 1%, and water - 82%.
Like other varieties of sweet cherry, Krasnaya Gorka trees prefer breathable and fertile soil. Its acidity should be as close to neutral as possible. The pit for planting should be prepared in a dry warm place inaccessible to cold northerly winds. The southern side of buildings and fences, slopes will approach. Cherries do not like high groundwater levels, therefore, if there is a similar problem on the site, seedlings are planted in prepared bulk hills in order to avoid root decay.
For this variety, spring planting is preferable, as the plant will have time to gain strength for the winter period.
- In the planting pit prepared from autumn, 60 cm deep and 80 wide, into which humus and ashes were brought.
- At the time of planting the seedling is placed in the hole by grafting on the south side.
- The height of the root collar at a height of 5 cm above the ground.
- Roots straighten, cover with soil, pour 2 buckets of water, mulch.
- A sapling is tied to a support so that the stem grows even and does not break from the wind.
- For the winter they are covered with spruce leaves and lutrasil.
For the correct development of a sapling and obtaining the maximum amount of fruits, a complex of measures is carried out.
During the period of drought, young trees are watered once a week, in the near-stem circle. When the tree grows and the crown grows, a furrow is made around the perimeter for irrigation. In dry weather, during the ripening of the fruit, 3 buckets of water are brought in once a week.
Feed them in the second year after landing. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring, potash fertilizers in the summer flowering period, fluorine-containing in the fall (description of doses in the instructions).
Sanitary pruning is carried out as needed. After the crop is harvested, the shoots are cut to a third - this stimulates the laying of new fruit buds. In the northern regions, such manipulations are carried out in a year.
Diseases and pests
The variety is resistant to pests and diseases. Prevention is carried out in dry, calm weather before the start of sap flow. For spraying prepare a 3% solution of the Bordeaux mixture. To do this, 300 g of copper sulphate is diluted in 1 liter of water and poured in a thin stream, mixing lime with white milk (400 g per 9 l of water). After the beginning of flowering, the spraying is repeated, but with a 1% solution, for which 100 g of copper sulphate and 150 g of lime should be diluted in a similar scheme in 10 liters of water.
The preparations “Zircon” and “Epin” also proved to be well recommended in spraying trees for protection from weather conditions.
Sweet cherry, like cherry, is a member of the Rosaceae genus. Cherries have a number of advantages over cherries. Due to the large crown and very bright berries, it has a presentable appearance not only in spring, during flowering, but also in summer, during fruiting. Red Hill grows well in windless areas. Poor tolerated soil with high acidity, does not like the proximity of groundwater. Crohn develops very quickly and always becomes too thick.
The peculiarity of the Red Hill variety is the density of the berries
The tree is self-productive. For pollination, it is necessary to plant at least 3 trees with identical flowering periods. The best pollinators for this variety:
The neighborhood with cherry will be very effective.
Features of the fruit
Description of fruits: the berries are very large, their mass reaches 5-6 g. The berries are round. The color of the berries is unique: golden with a scarlet blush, looks great on the branches and on the dish.
The skin is smooth, smooth, with a glossy shine. The flesh is juicy, without pigment. Easily separated from the bone. The fruits of sweet cherries are sweet and have a slightly noticeable sourness. The berries are densely arranged on the branches.
Positive and negative sides
The considered species, like all varieties of sweet cherries, has its advantages and disadvantages. Among the positive qualities are:
- excellent taste of the fruit,
- large size of berries,
- shyness (fruits for 4 years of life),
- high frost resistance
- strong immunity to diseases and insects,
- excellent yield,
- decorative wood look
- useful properties of berries,
- wide range of application of fruits,
- easy care of the tree
- small growth of a tree that facilitates harvesting.
Because of pests, the tree weakens, which has a bad effect on productivity
There are some disadvantages:
- fruits are not suitable for winter harvesting,
- poor transportability,
- reacts poorly to excess moisture,
- does not tolerate the wind,
- the plant is not self-fertile,
- Shelf life is very small.
Pest and disease control
Sweet cherries can encounter such pests:
- cherry moth
- slimy sawfly,
- plum moth,
- pollinated aphid.
It is most effective to start pest control in early spring after the onset of the positive temperature regime (April). To destroy the pests that were able to transfer the winter, you should treat the soil near the roots with a solution of urea. At 10 liters of water will need 0.7 kg of urea.
Sandy and loamy soils need to be mulched, especially in hot weather.
During the season, once every 25 days, spray the tree with preparations that scare away flying insects: Spark-Bio, Fitoferms, Healthy Garden, or their analogues. There are drugs that increase the resistance of wood to pests and diseases: Zircon and Ecoberin.
Many gardeners wash the bark of the tree in early spring, using a solution of ferrous sulfate in a dosage of 20 g per 5 liters of barely warm water. You should add 10 drops of ordinary stationery glue that will help the substance to stick to the trunk of the tree.
Description of diseases of sweet cherry and cherry are similar. They are more difficult for gardeners. With improper treatment, you can lose not only the harvest, but also the tree itself. To choose the right treatment, you need to find out exactly how the plant is affected. Sweet cherries are more susceptible to fungal diseases, such as moniliosis, coccomycosis, and cholesterol. With the defeat of fungal diseases the tree fades, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, the bark bursts, the fruits rot. To avoid infection, it is necessary to carry out disease prevention. Preventive measures:
- timely cleaning and burning of fallen leaves and rotten fruit,
- thinning thickened crown,
- digging the ground in basal areas,
- preventive spraying.
Observance of agrotechnical rules during planting, conscientious care, protection of plants from pests and diseases will allow you to grow healthy trees that will thank you for a generous harvest.
The cherry fruit is large, gaining a mass of 5-6 g during ripening. The berry has a classic rounded shape. The fruits are known for an unusual color: golden with a scarlet blush, very attractive look on the branches, and in desserts. The skin is smooth, smooth, glossy. Pigment berry pulp is not present, it is juicy, dense, soft, well separated from the small bone. The fruits are very tasty, sweet with a slight sourness. They are densely located on the branch, like a crown.
The Red Hill has no inclination for even partial self-fertility, it is cross-pollinated. The best pollinators for the variety are such bird-shaped trees: “Yeah,” “Farewell,” “Tyutchevka”, “Homestead”, “Raditsa”, “Bryansk Rose”, “Ovstuzhenka”. For the normal process of pollination requires planting at least 3 trees with the same flowering time at a distance of 80 cm from each other. The neighborhood with cherry will be very good and productive for sweet cherry.
The tree belongs to the class of fast-growing plants, the berries will appear as early as the 4th year of the life of Krasnaya Gorka. Full and abundant fruiting is typical for plants aged 6 to 12 years. Cherry fruits every year to 12-16 years of life. After that, the tree will no longer be useful, so you have to plant a new plant to get the berries.
Like all trees, cherry blossoms flowers in late spring. The period of flowering of this variety is considered early - from 5 to 10 May, although much depends on the climatic conditions of cultivation. The flowers near the tree are always bisexual, have a delicate light shade. Usually they bloom on young shoots shortly before the appearance of the foliage itself and form practically sedentary umbrellas. Each flower has 5 sepals and 5 petals, a large number of stamens and a single pistil.
"Red Hill" can not "boast" good transportability. This group of cinnamon cherries, respectively, the fruits are incredibly juicy and soft, quickly deteriorate. For their transportation very good conditions are needed: a refrigerator, a package. Variety refers to the type of table purpose, so the berries are better not to transport, and use within a few days after harvest.
The sweet cherry of this sort of frost is “not afraid”. Very rarely there is a slight freezing of the plant, which has the ability to recover. She will be able to safely withstand temperatures up to -33 ° C. If, however, it is grown in latitudes with a colder climate, then for a period of decreasing temperature, it is necessary to cover the root system and perform some procedures that help the trees to “survive” the frost.
Application of fruits
Berries of an early grade of sweet cherry are accepted to be used fresh. They can be eaten as a dessert without adding sugar or honey, as there are plenty of glucose in the fruit. Due to the attractiveness of the "bird berries", it has become an integral element for the decoration of cakes, kissels and other desserts. Sweet cherry magically fit as a filling for the pie. In restaurants, fruit sauce is often served with meat. It can be found in the bar menu: cocktails, liqueurs and tinctures.
Cherry has found its application in traditional medicine. Due to the content in it of vitamins A, B, PP, E, as well as ascorbic, malic acid and carotene, sweet cherry will be an excellent tool for the prevention of spring avitaminosis. After all, "Red Hill" matures early. Experienced housewives know that properly cooked sweet cherry is an excellent diuretic, which is good to use in case of kidney diseases. It is believed that regular consumption of "bird berries" improves metabolism. Thus, you can lose weight, stabilize digestion and improve the overall tone of the whole organism.
Cherry also contains anthocyanins - plant glycosides, which help to reduce the inflammatory reactions of the intestinal walls, oxidative stress, and improve the barrier functions of the stomach with an excess of fats and carbohydrates. Fruits tone, improve mood due to glucose. The berries of Krasnaya Gorka can strengthen the walls of capillaries, prevent hypertension and dystonia. This is the prevention of atherosclerosis. There are also rare coumarins in sweet cherries, which will lower the blood clotting threshold, prevent thrombosis and the formation of plaques, and have a good effect on the body during anemia. Berries are also used as an anesthetic, especially for such diseases as gouty rheumatism, arthrosis, problems with joints.
Cherry has many healing properties, but, of course, self-medication can harm your health, so be sure to consult with leading experts about its use as a medicine.
Advantages and disadvantages
Silver varieties "Red Hill" has a number of advantages and some disadvantages. Let's consider them.
The advantages that will convince you to purchase this particular “bird berry” are:
- Excellent taste characteristics of the product.
- Large fruit size.
- Excellent frost resistance.
- Good immunity to coccomycosis, moniliosis, perforated spotting and other diseases, as well as insect pests.
- Abundant yield.
- A special aesthetic appearance of both the tree itself and the fruit.
- Cherry berries have many beneficial and even healing properties.
- The widespread use of fruits.
- Unpretentious care (does not need frequent watering, fertilizer, there is no urgent need for pesticide treatment)
- The short stature of the tree, which will facilitate the harvest.
Unfortunately, Krasnaya Gorka has some drawbacks:
- Not suitable for winter harvesting.
- Poorly transportable.
- Negatively "reacts" to excess moisture.
- "Afraid" of the wind.
- Requires pruning.
- Not a self-fertile plant.
- Berries can cause allergic reactions in some people.
- It has a small shelf life, respectively, is not suitable for industrial use and implementation.
The cherry variety “Krasnaya Gorka” is not a perfect and universal plant, but if you create good conditions, then this small tree will surely please with an immodest and delicious harvest. Purchase of seedlings is best done in official nurseries to avoid receiving discarded varieties that will not bear fruit.
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Sweet cherry variety "Red dense"
Sweet cherry variety "Red dense"
The cherry variety “Red dense” is obtained from the free pollination of the variety Kozlovskaya.
Originator varieties: All-Russian Research Institute of Crop them. N.I. Vavilova, Russia.
The variety is medium-resistant, high-yielding.
The tree is vigorous, with a pyramidal, raised crown of average density.
Fruiting - mainly on the bouquet branches.
Cherry variety "Red dense" comes into fruition in the 4th year after planting in the garden on the seed stock wild cherry. Self-infertile. The best pollinators are Yantarnaya, Severnaya, Iput, Gastinets, Medunitsa and Vityaz cherries.
Medium resistant to coccomycosis, not affected by monilial burn.
Fruits of medium size (average weight - 4.6 grams), heart-shaped.
The main color is yellow, the cover color is red.
Stone medium size, well separated from the pulp.
The flesh is yellow, dense (bigarro), juicy, sweet taste. Juice is colorless.
Consumption term: mid-July.
- Sweet cherry variety "Red dense"
Sweet Cherry "Red Hill": description of the variety, photo
Cherries are considered the most ancient of the representatives of cherries and the Plum genus. It is known for its importance for beekeeping, because it is a wonderful source of nectar for insects. Unlike cherries, the berry of cherries has a very sweet, even honey taste.The sour fruit of this tree is extremely difficult to meet. For this sweet cherry and fell in love, it became much more popular than its "relative", and the price of its berries is much higher. Growing a plant is beneficial, so modern gardening every year presents new varieties that have not only different flavors, but also their own special color. Consider the characteristics of one of these varieties of sweet cherry - "Red Hill" and its description.
Fruits ripen not at the same time by the middle or the end of June. The variety is considered quite early. For uniform and high-quality ripening cherry "Red Hill" need a large amount of sunlight and heat.
Important! Watch the ripening process and collect ripe fruits in time, otherwise they will get to the birds or they will start to rot at all. Corroded berries are the first source of fungi that can later hit the whole tree.