Due to the peculiarities of these or other species, plektranthus is known by many names. It is referred to as both “Swedish ivy” and “room mint.” The plant is unpretentious and even used in cooking and medicine. With the right care, he can curl or grow a bush, give more or less flowers, but, of course, this requires certain conditions and care.
Types and varieties of plectranthus
It belongs to the family of labia. It contains up to 400 species of evergreen annuals and perennials. In nature, plectranthus is most common in the tropical forests of Madagascar, Africa, Australia, as well as some tropical and subtropical islands in the Pacific Ocean.
The leaves and tubers of some varieties of plectrantus are used in cooking as a seasoning. Other varieties can be used in medicine, cosmetology, sometimes with extracts of certain types of leaves, for example, fragrant pectinus, aromatize things. The shrub plentrantus perfectly repels the moth, for which you get the second name - the molar tree. Plektrantus southern, also known as "Swedish ivy" has almost no flavor. He has weak stems, but beautiful, shiny sheets.
Depending on the species, the plectranth can grow as a bush, half-stick or grass, be upright or winding along the ground. Plant height not more than one and a half meters. Stems may be bare or slightly pubescent. The size, shape and structure of sheets depends on the specific type. They can be elliptical, ovoid, rounded, pubescent or smooth, but always opposite, cross-shaped. The color of the leaves can be monochromatic light or dark or with a white border around the edge. Flowers are white or any color from blue to purple.
Plektrantus quite unpretentious. Even with overdried soil, the plant can survive long enough, so even if you forget about watering for a few days, the plant will not wither and continue to enjoy the abundance of leaves and beautiful flowers. Perhaps it is because of such tolerance and vitality that he is so popular among gardeners.
Plectrantus content temperature
In summer, it is necessary that the air temperature in the room, which contains a flower, does not rise above +26 degrees, otherwise it will be necessary to provide additional humidity, darken it from the sun, and also water it regularly so that it does not wilt.
In winter, the temperature should not fall below +10 degrees. Ideally, the mark on the thermometer should be about +18. To provide additional heat in a cold floor, fan heaters, heaters, and places near batteries are used. But including artificial heating, it is important not to forget to provide additional moisture, since the air will dry out greatly in the room.
For watering, warm, pre-settled water is used. In spring and summer you need to water the plant often, the earth should be wet all the time. As soon as the top layer of soil dried up - you need to moisten it. In autumn and winter, the plant is not so demanding for watering. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce it at least twice. After the topsoil has dried, the plant is watered only after a couple of days.
Sprayed only in cases where the temperature in the apartment rises to +22 degrees or more. In this case, the risk of wilting of the plectrantus is high, so it begins to be sprayed about twice a week.
Feed the plant, like others, in spring and summer. To do this, use organic and complex fertilizers for indoor plants. They can be mixed into the water or they can simply be watered the earth once every two weeks. It is important to carefully read the instructions. Some fertilizers are so concentrated that they need to be diluted with water, otherwise they just swallow the flower.
Plektrantus prefers well-lit places, such as on the windowsill, in the greenhouse, on the balcony, where, among other things, there is fresh air. In the summer, if it is possible to plant a plant on the balcony or in the garden, it will get enough sun and heat. In winter, it is best to keep it on the brightest windowsill. If the plant has little light, it will start to lose its attractiveness.
In winter, it is best to provide additional coverage. Especially nothing sophisticated is required if the plant is in the working area where the light is on in the evening. For example, he will be comfortable in the living room, an ordinary chandelier is perfect as an artificial sun for the winter. The main thing to ensure that additional lighting was present about 4 hours after sunset.
The plant is propagated by cutting. During the winter, there are usually many processes on the plectranthous. In the spring, the flower is pruned, removing weak stems, and individual cuttings are separated and planted in the soil. To get a beautiful bush, planted on several cuttings in one pot. After 10 days they usually root well.
The pot is chosen small, but deep for a small flower, and a little larger is picked each year. So that the root system can develop. Most often, pots are later put in pots, hanging baskets or nets so that the shoots hang nicely over the edges. When planting, a drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the pot to drain excess water so that the roots do not rot. You can either buy the land yourself, combining turf, leaf and humus earth with sand.
Up to 4 years, the plant is considered young and needs annual spring transplant. At 4 years of age, you can repot it every three years, but the pot and the soil should be chosen more carefully.
In order for the plektranthus to start up new shoots and stop growing only upwards, in the spring they also pin its top, this allows it to release more foliage, new shoots and flowers. In the same period, the plant is completely pruned, if necessary, so that it grows more in the form of a bush, and does not grow. Removed all weak and bare shoots.
Diseases and pests of plectranthus
If the buds began to dry out and crumble, most likely the plant lacks moisture. If watering is excessively abundant, there is a risk of decay of the root system, especially in the autumn-winter period.
The pale color of the sheets or yellow spots on it means that the plant burns out in the sun and it is better to remove it in a more darkened place or create an artificial shadow.
In winter, you need to be especially attentive to the temperature and moisture in the room. At low temperatures and excess moisture plectrantus will quickly begin to fade, and the leaves will fall.
Pests should beware of aphids, scale insects, whitefly and nematode. They quickly spoil and destroy the plant, therefore it is recommended to regularly inspect the plant and, if necessary, treat it with the necessary preparations.
Curative mint plectranthus: photos and tips for home care (2018g)
In fact, it is grown as a regular succulent. By the way, there is a variegated variation of Plectranthus tomentosa variegata - the leaves are light green with a cream outline around the edge. This species is often called pubescent Plectranthus, it is derived from the former obsolete name (basionym) - Plectranthus tomentosus.
Caring for Plectrantus
Temperature: Plectrant plant is a moderate temperature plant, in summer it prefers about 22-26 ° С, at a higher temperature it quickly loses its lower leaves. In winter, it prefers a cool content at 12-14 ° C, minimum 10 ° C.
Lighting: Bright diffused light, light penumbra in summer, very good lighting is needed in winter, it is possible to have fluorescent lamps illuminated, especially if plants are kept in winter at temperatures above 18 ° C. Plektranntus needs protection from direct sunlight in the period from 11 to 16 hours. Many species fit the east and north-west window.
Watering: Summer pleckrantus is plentiful enough, but only after the top layer of the earth dries out. Fleshy leaves plectrumntus are particularly sensitive to overflow. In winter, with cool content, watering is very moderate, with good drying of the ground.
Fertilizer: From March to September, they are fed with complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants, about once every 3-4 weeks. During the budding period, plectrantus should be fed with fertilizer for ornamental flowering plants, especially abundantly flowering species and hybrids.
Air humidity: Plektranthus undemanding to air humidity, does not need spraying.
Transfer: Annually in the spring. The soil is slightly acidic, approximate composition: 1 part of humus, 2 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of sod and 1 part of sand. At the bottom of the pot must fill the drainage. The roots are not very powerful, the pot should not be too deep.
Caring for plectranthus is also in periodic pruning of the shoots, or rejuvenation of the bushes, if the stems are bare in the lower part. Cropped cuttings are used for breeding.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings in spring and summer. Cuttings take root quite easily in the water at any time of the year. Plektranthus tolerates pruning, but over time, especially when kept in a warm room in winter, the stems become bare in the lower part, in which case, the plant should be renewed from cuttings - shear all apical cuttings, and, once rooted, put it in one pot.
Plectrantus is also grown as a ground cover plant. To do this, it is planted in several cuttings in one wide pot. To give a bushy and more compact form, the growing ends of the plectrantus shoots must be pinch. Plectrantus can be planted under large tub plants if they have enough light, such as palm trees. At the same time, it is important to plant in a very fertile land and feed during the growing season.
Potted mint is considered a decorative leafy flower. Small flowers of white, violet, blue color do not bear aesthetic load. They look like small bells and are combined into umbrella-like inflorescences. A distinctive feature is the presence of a bulge on the bottom of the corolla tube.
Plenctrantus is represented by both ampelous species and shrubs and dwarf shrubs. It can be multi-year or annual.
Shoots can be downward or upright. The tetrahedral stem is completely smooth or fluffy.
The leaves are smooth and glossy or covered with down. The leaf is round, oval or elongated with a jagged edge. Deciduous crown lush.
Such characteristics are characteristic of most representatives of “room mint”, but there are also radically other species, for example, plelectrantus is oak-leaved. Its leaves are covered with a long nap and exactly repeat the shape of oak leaves, exude a pine aroma.
The color of the crowns is diverse - a variety of rich shades of green, red-lilac, white. Foliage can be monophonic or patterned.
Any kind of "molar tree" exudes a fragrant smell - mint, coniferous, meadow.
Types and varieties for the home - photos and description
Plenctrantus is a fairly unpretentious plant. It can easily be grown at home.
The most common room representatives are:
- Plectranthus coleoides (Coleus),
- Fruticosus (shrub),
- Hadiensis (Felt),
- Forsteri (Forster),
- Verticillatus (Mutovchaty),
- Ernestii (Ernst),
- Mona Lavender (Mona Lavender),
- Plectranthus amboinicus (Fragrant),
- Oertendahlii (Ertendal),
- Australis (Southern).
Coleius (Plectranthus coleoides)
Evergreen culture that can grow up to one meter in height. Shoots upright, pink-green. The leaves are large (6 cm), elongated with a milky white border, covered with down.
The most decorative varieties are:
- Marginatus. Green crown with white cut.
- Green on Green. The edge of the leaf yellow-green hue.
- Display. The crown is red-lilac in color with green edging and middle. The back side of the light-green color.
- Otto Mann. The foliage is orange with yellow-green strokes in the center and border.
- Easy Gold. The main color is golden yellow with greenish patches in the center.
Shrub (Plectranthus fruticosus)
Large culture, reaching one meter in height. The shape of the leaves resembles a heart with a pile edging and monochrome green color. The surface is embossed with minimal edge. Stems covered with villi.
This shrub is called the "molar tree" for its ability to scare away the mole with its ethereal aroma at the slightest touch to the plant.
It has a rich flowering, which begins in mid-winter and ends in late spring. The flowers have a soft blue tint and are combined into inflorescences, shaped like spikelets.
During this period, the bush takes on an untidy appearance, which violates its decorative effect. To avoid this, the flowers that appear can be cut off, preventing them from developing.
A distinctive feature is the active growth of the "molar tree". Especially in the summer, new shoots appear very quickly, and the crown increases in volume. The rest period is practically absent. There is a phase of relative rest (September-December), when growth slows down a bit.
Felt (Plectranthus hadiensis)
It is also called felt. In the open field, the plant can reach 75 cm, and its leaves are 9 cm. Under room conditions, it is a compact bush with ampelous shoots.
The light green crown is covered with thick villi, due to which the name “felt” appeared. Sometimes you can find variegated (variegated) varieties.
Khadienzis widespread in India. There it is used as a culinary additive for the preparation of many dishes. It was there that he received the name "Indian borage".
Felt bush is very photophilous, for good growth it needs sufficient lighting.
Forster (Plectranthus forsteri)
The homeland of the evergreen bush is south-eastern India. This is the most implacable and fast-growing representative.
It was he who became the favorite for gardening loggias, balconies, front gardens. Forster grows horizontally, and its shoots can grow to 100 cm in length.
Green ovate leaves with whitish spots covered with fibers. On their surface there is a pronounced relief. The flowers are small white color.
Ertendal (Plectranthus oertendahlii)
Small shrub (up to 0.4 m). Velvet green foliage of rounded shape with white veins and a raised edge. The back side is colored reddish. In case of excessive sunlight, the whole leaflet may turn red.
The flowers are loose white or gently purple inflorescences. For good growth and flowering needs regular feeding.
Most popular varieties:
- Limelight (limelight). Golden crown.
- Uvongo (uvongo). The center of the leaf surface is painted with silver-green paint, in the form resembling a torn spot.
Southern (Plectranthus australis)
Culture with constantly green shoots, which are arranged in a horizontal direction. Rounded leaves are covered with a thick wax layer. It gives a glossy look that increases decorative effect.
Also Plekrantrantus southern is called "Swedish ivy" for its ability to densely populate the walls with its leafy crown. This species practically does not emit aroma, which cannot be said about its relatives.
Cloudy (Plectranthus verticillatus)
Half-shrub with purple stems. Dense rich green leaves with white hairs. On the reverse side there are lilac-red veins. Flowers white or pale pink color. Turbid plant unpretentious, has a high decorative effect.
Mona Lavender (Plectranthus Mona Lavender)
The most beautiful variety of plectrantus. Its homeland is South Africa. Feature Mona Lavender - a long and lush bloom (February-November).
Standing stems, dark green glossy leaves with a jagged edge. Bottom of purple. The flowers are tubular lavender shade with purple splashes. To enhance flowering it is necessary to pinch.
Fragrant (Plectranthus amboinicus)
Perennial herbaceous plant. It blooms with purple, white or purple bell inflorescences. Deciduous crown light green. The flower is endowed with a pleasant scent. Widely used in medicine and cooking.
Ernst (Plectranthus ernestii)
Perennial caudex plant. It grows up to 0.5 m. Motherland - India. Thickening (caudex) yellow-gray, dense, up to 10 cm in diameter. Branching begins at the top.
The shoots are crystal white. A leaf of medium size heart-shaped. Bottom - purple, top - rich green, velvet. Flowering begins in the summer. Inflorescences purple color. In the dormant period, Ernest regularly drops foliage.
This plant is very light-loving. He needs a bright, but diffused light. Нельзя допускать попадания на листву прямых лучей солнца. Комнату необходимо регулярно проветривать. В зимнее время нужна досветка лампами дневного света. Из-за недостатка света листва утрачивает свою декоративность.
В теплое время года нуждается в умеренной температуре воздуха (от 18 до 25 градуса). В зимнее время рекомендовано прохладное содержание (от 12 до 16 градусов), но это если нет досветки. If the plant during this period lacks light, then it can be maintained at room temperature. In the case when the plectrantus is warm in the winter and does not reach the light, it grows very quickly.
It is not exacting to humidity of air. However, at temperatures above 20–22 degrees Plectranthus requires systematic spraying, since moisture evaporates in such conditions very quickly.
How to water
In the warm season, watering should be abundant. It is produced immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries out. In the cold season watering is reduced. Water the plant only a couple of days after drying the top layer of soil. To do this, use distilled water at room temperature.
Feed the plant in spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks. To do this, use mineral and organic fertilizers, alternating them.
Pruning stems after wintering need pruning. They are shortened to ½ of the length. Young shoots are recommended to pinch to bush more lush, as this stimulates the growth of new shoots. Weak branches can be cut at any time of the year.
How to multiply
Can be propagated by cutting or dividing during transplantation. Stem cuttings should be about 10 centimeters long. They are rooted in water. When the roots grow, the cuttings are planted in several pieces in one container.
Pests and diseases
It may be affected by mildew when its content is in high humidity at low temperatures. The result is gray specks on the foliage.
Chervets and aphids prefer to settle on young shoots. It is necessary to carry out processing with an appropriate chemical agent.
It is also susceptible to spider mite infection. To get rid of him need to be treated with acaricide.
- Burns and fades foliage - excessive lighting.
- Rotting roots and stems bases - overmoistening of the soil, especially if the room is cool and there is little light.
- Lack of flowering and foliage abscission - contained in the cool and little light (in winter).
- The leaves turn yellow and die off. - for a long time is in the cold, waterlogging or infected with pests.
- Drooping foliage - too hot and little moisture.
Description and photo varieties plectrantus: Herndal, southern and others
The most popular types are:
Colecranus plectrum(P. coleoides var. Marginatus).
P. shrub or molar tree(P. fruticans).
P. Madagascar(P. madagascariensis).
P. purple(P. purpuratus).
P. Erpendal(P. oertendahlii).
P. southern(P. australis).
Hercundal Plectrum(Plectranthus oertendalii Th. Fries), family yasnotkovyh.
Homeland: subtropical areas of South Africa.
Appearance and structure: stalks are fourfold, greenish, with a beetroot hue. The leaves are heart-shaped, opposite, dark green, with the smell of camphor. The edge of the leaf blade is notched. Veins lighter (whitish), create a beautiful decorative ornament on the velvety surface of the leaf.
Pay attention to the photo - the leaves of Erndal plektranthus are pubescent with fine short hairs:
Scapes are bare, light green-pinkish. Flowers unsightly, mauve color.
Peculiarities of maintenance: a bright place is necessary in the summer, abundant watering, in winter it is necessary to adhere to a temperature of + 10–15 ° C, since the plant is in relative rest and does not grow much, watering is moderate. When caring for plectrantus, by pinching the tips of the shoots, bushiness and great branching are achieved. Planting requires a nutritious, medium density mixture of sod, humus and leaf soil, sand and peat (2: 1: 1: 1/2: 1/2). Well succeeds in hydroponic and especially in ion exchange cultures. Suitable for vertical and wall gardening of bright rooms in hanging pots, double vases.
Shrubby pleckrantus(P. fruticosus).
Erect shrub up to 120 cm with branching, tetrahedral, pubescent shoots. Leaves up to 10 cm long, opposite, broadly ovate, double-blade along the edge, pubescent, with a strong odor.
As can be seen in the photo, this plectrantus flowers are small, up to 1 cm long, of low decorating, gathered in apical, friable, complex racemes, blue, lilac or blue, fragrant:
When rubbed, the leaves emit a peculiar odor resembling camphor, which many insects cannot stand: moths, mosquitoes, flies.
Hybrid pleckrantus(Plectranthus hybridus hort.), family yasnotkovyh.
Appearance and structure: the leaves are beautiful, shiny, rounded, green, with jagged edges. Shoots are numerous, tetrahedral.
It propagates throughout the year with green cuttings.
Features breeding: care is not demanding. Shade-tolerant, but moisture-loving. In winter, the temperature content is + 14–15 ° C. It grows quickly, forming a large mass of leafy shoots. Used as an ampelous plant. In soil culture it grows in a mixture of turf, humus and leafy soil with the addition of sand (2: 1: 1: 1/2). It grows well and develops in hydroponic and ionite cultures. This plectrantus plant can be widely used to create lawn indoors. It withstands poor lighting and grows well in artificial light.
South pleckrantus(P. australis) - a view similar to the previous one. Leaves up to 6 cm in diameter, bare, round, jagged along the edge, shiny, light green, reddish in the sun. The flowers are small, white or mauve, collected in racemes shaped apical inflorescences.
Caring for the flower plectranthus at home
This low-key, but elegant plant is grown as an ampelous plant or as a groundcover. Among its undoubted advantages should be noted endurance and rapid growth. Indoor plectrantus grows in partial shade, tolerates dry air and drying of earthen coma well. In general, it is ideal for an office where there is no caring grower.
Requires diffused light. They are light-loving plants that prefer intense light. Optimum windows for placement of a room flower plektrantus with western and east orientation. In winter, good illumination is necessary, otherwise the plants bloom worse. In general, it is a shade-tolerant plant.
The optimum temperature during the active growing season, in spring and summer, is + 18–25 ° C. In the autumn-winter period, the optimum growing temperature is + 12–16 ° C. In winter, the temperature is not lower than 10-14 ° C. It tolerates room dry air.
Substrate and watering.
The substrate is made from turf and leaf earth, humus, sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5).
In spring and summer, water is plentiful, after the topsoil has dried. In the autumn-winter period, they are watered more rarely, a day or two after the topsoil dries out. When overwetting the soil, a disease and plant rot can occur, especially in winter, low temperatures and insufficient lighting exacerbate overflow.
At the “starving” plectrantus the leaves turn pale and may even crumble. As already noted, this ivy tolerates dry air, but from time to time it needs to be sprayed.
Pay attention to the photo - when caring for plectrantus in the warm season, the leaves should be sprayed with water at room temperature:
During the period of intensive growth, fertilizing is made with organic and complex mineral fertilizer every 2 weeks alternately.
Transplantation should be carried out every spring using soil mixture consisting of four parts of sod, two parts of humus, two parts of peat land and one part of sand.
Transplanted plants annually in loose groundwater mixture, but if they are rejuvenated each year, it can be limited to one time in three years.
In order for the plant to be branched, plectrantus is recommended to be cut annually.
Pests and diseases.
The main pests of the plectranthous houseplant are the whitefly, the aphid, the scale insect and the nematode. Cold dry air and lack of moisture can lead to plant disease rhizoctoniosis.
Well propagated by green cuttings that can be rooted at any time of the year. Rooting is successful and fairly quickly (up to 3 weeks). If the florist wants to get more lush specimens, several cuttings should be planted in one pot. In the period from April to August, the rooting rate of green cuttings is 95-100% ..
The photo “Caring for Plectranthus” presents all the main agricultural techniques:
Common Plectrantus Types with PhotosGenus Pleckranthus, or Shporotsvetnik - PThe representative of the family of Labiaceae, numbering from 200 to 400 species. Culture spread in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Japan, Australia, Asia and the Polynesian islands. The plant is covered with small flowers with a diameter of not more than 1 cm, collected from 6 to 7 pieces in racemes, whorbaceous inflorescences. The main generic feature of the flower – the presence of a small swelling of the lower part of the corolla tube. The plant begins to bloom at the end of winter and can continue until mid-spring.
Pleckrantus – unpretentious plant that does not require special care from you. Culture multiplies easily and does not need to create special conditions. All that a plant needs for excellent growth is to provide high-quality watering, lighting, and periodic introduction of feed. Beautiful plant plectrantus, the types of which you can choose depending on your preferences, pleases with high decorative characteristics and intensive development.
The most frequent guests of our houses are the following types of pleckrantus: coleus, bushy, felt, Foster, Ertendal and southern.