In this article we will figure out when and how to water the crop to get a good crop without fungal diseases.
What water to use for irrigation
Seasoned gardeners know that strawberries should be watered with exceptionally warm water.
The fact is that natural precipitations have the same temperature as the environment, that is, summer rains cannot be cold, so the culture reacts to cold liquid extremely negatively: development is slowed down, as well as the transition to flowering and fruiting. For this reason, irrigate strawberries should be either heated water or rainwater, which is heated in the sun.
Of course, this feature can be used to slow down the development at a time when it is cold outside, but it is still extremely undesirable to do this, since you can “freeze” the roots of the plant.
You should also understand that if cold rains have passed, then it is better to conduct additional watering of strawberries with warm water so that the plant continues to grow at the same pace.
How to water after planting
Now let's talk about how to water strawberries after planting.
Strawberries require a lot of moisture for quick rooting, so in the first 2 weeks after planting it needs to be irrigated every other day, adding 10 liters of warm water per square meter. Before each application of moisture, check the moisture of the lower layers of the soil to know exactly how much water to pour in. To check, we insert an ordinary iron pin to a depth of about 20 cm. If the soil sticks along its entire length, then the amount of water that can be injected can be reduced.
Watering strawberries when grown under black film
If the plant is grown under the film, then we have two options for irrigation: drip irrigation and laying a hose for irrigating strawberries.
The first option involves the construction of a standard drip irrigation system, which will promptly moisten the soil directly below each plant. The second option is a cheap analogy of the first. We need to take a watering hose, stretch it over one or more beds to measure the exact length. Then one end is tightly closed, and a large number of holes are made along the entire length. Then the hose is buried in the aisle to a depth of about 15 cm.
Both the first and second options imply watering strawberries from the container, since the plants need to be supplied with warm water, as we wrote above.
If you have a small planting, then you can water each plant using a watering can. It will differ from ordinary watering only in that it will be necessary to pour water directly under the plant or on it.
Is it possible to water during flowering
Watering strawberries need throughout the growing season, but during flowering watering should be special. Watering strawberries during flowering is done exclusively at the root, so that moisture does not fall on the aboveground part of the plant. It is done so for the reason that the culture during flowering is very vulnerable to fungal diseases, and the wet aerial part will contribute to the development of pathogenic organisms.
For this reason, it is necessary to pour in water either at the root of each bush, or to let it between the rows. It is forbidden to use sprinkling even for the distribution of foliar feeding. In this case, irrigation is carried out in the morning or in the evening so that the moisture does not evaporate in direct sunlight, thereby cooling the soil.
Watering strawberries during fruiting
Watering strawberries when fruits form on it can have a negative impact on product quality, so many owners wonder how often plants need to be irrigated during fruiting.
To begin with, strawberries for the most part consist of a liquid that needs to be taken from somewhere. Accordingly, watering strawberries is mandatory during fruiting, but you must follow certain rules so that the berries do not start to rot.
Mulching. After irrigation, moisture from the soil begins to evaporate quickly, especially if the plants are planted in an open area. Accordingly, if you reduce the evaporation of moisture, then the number of irrigations is reduced. Mulch will help us retain moisture in the soil, as well as protect the substrate from possible night cooling. Mulch can be laid in the form of straw, hay or pine needles. Any option will have all the necessary functions.
Proper application of moisture. If during flowering a culture may be affected by a fungus, then during fruiting, and even more so. Water the plants need plenty of water to saturate the lower layers of the soil, while you need to make sure that the berry remains dry. In this case, it is best to use drip irrigation or, as mentioned above, prikopat hose with a large number of holes in the aisle. Such options allow the culture to give the required amount of moisture and not to wet the above-ground part and the fruit.
When watered after harvest
Now let’s see if strawberries are watered after harvesting.
It would seem that we removed the fruits, you can forget about watering, but everything is not so simple. Plants, though lost their fruits, which require a large amount of moisture, but still grow and develop, as well as preparing for the cold.
Leaving strawberries without watering after harvest, hoping for rain, you can not, because you can destroy the plants. To avoid this, you should pour the same amount of water, but less. The plant after the end of the fruiting period does not like frequent application of moisture, but 2-3 irrigations a week with the introduction of 15-20 liters of moisture will be pleased.
It should be remembered that the soil moisture should be kept about 60% between irrigations. In this case, the plant will not suffer from a lack of moisture and will be able to prepare for the cold.
Garden watering can
The easiest and most laborious variant of irrigation is planting, which can be used only for watering small strawberry plantations.
The advantages include water saving and proper distribution of moisture for each plant. By cons - serious physical exertion, which will not allow you to use this method for watering more than 1 hectare of strawberry.
The most popular method, since it does not require much effort. Using a hose, you can water any area, up to hundreds of hectares. However, there are also disadvantages, and they are significant:
- Moisture is unevenly distributed, which leads to waterlogging of some plants and lack of moisture in others.
- Strong pressure can erode the earth, thus exposing strawberry roots.
- Large water consumption, which will result in considerable financial costs.
- When watering with a hose, some part of the moisture still gets to the above-ground part of the plants, so the method cannot be used during flowering and fruiting.
Drip irrigation is an ideal option for introducing moisture, which allows not only to evenly moisten the soil under each crop, but also to achieve early harvest (the soil temperature rises). However, using such a system to irrigate several dozen hectares of planting is very, very costly, since the entire drip irrigation system will pay off only after a few years, respectively, the first time you will work in minus. And if the products do not go for sale, but only for personal use, then profitability is out of the question. It is also worth remembering that drip irrigation cannot be used in areas located on the slopes, for obvious reasons.
Of course, drip irrigation has many advantages, especially related to the fact that you will reduce water consumption, but at the same time the plants will get their rate of moisture. But the cost of the system itself does not allow the method to become popular.
A good option for watering large plantings, as it allows you to cover a large area with one sprinkler, however, as mentioned above, this option is useless during flowering and fruiting, as it strongly overmoistens the soil. It turns out that sprinkling is good to use at the initial stage, when only greens appear. However, then you will need to carry out watering by another method that will not wet the leaves, flowers and fruits of strawberries.
These are the features of crop irrigation at various stages of growth and development. It is worth remembering that the berry does not like the frequent and insignificant introduction of water, so much is better and rarely than little and often. This rule will help grow a large number of delicious healthy products that will have an excellent taste and smell.
How to water strawberries in the open field
Strawberry care in open soil depends on whether it blooms or not when it was planted. To the berries were large, the bushes in the open access should be plentiful water. If you ignore the rules, the fruit can not wait.
For comfort, a sprinkler or drip system is installed. After planting the berries, the soil is watered and covered with humus. It is necessary for water retention in the ground. An important role for seedlings are the first few weeks. Water every day, so the strawberries take root faster. After a while, watering is reduced to 2-3 days.For comfort, you can install a drip
When to water the first time after winter
After the cold, you need to start watering the plants in late April - early May days, bushes should thaw. Watering is carried out once in 6 days in the morning, not cold water, but at room temperature. Before the appearance of flowers, a sprinkling method is suitable, and with the advent of flowering bushes, it is undesirable to fall on the plants.
We need to monitor the weeds, which can close access to water after the start of fruiting. Abundant rains or watering can badly affect the berries - they will become watery and tasteless.If you do not remove the weeds, they can close the access of water, and the fruits will grow small
Strawberry does not like frost and cold. Fluid temperature should be more than 15 degrees. It can be heated or left outside. In spring, the plant requires abundant watering, about half a liter per bush three times a day.
Features of the correct spring watering, if the strawberry grows under a black film
Watering strawberry plantations with a watering can is not always convenient, and it is inappropriate with a hose. Sprinkling is prohibited during the flowering period. And if you water under the root with a hose, the soil will be washed away and the root system will be damaged.
The best option - drip method. Water will be in every bush. This option is indispensable if the plant grows under a black film.
Before the first watering in spring, it is necessary to determine the soil moisture. Dangerous for strawberries will be both drying and waterlogging.
If in some places the ground is dry, there may be moisture under the film. Or spring rain that has poured in other crops will not be enough, since it practically does not fall under the film. Agrofibre will allow water to enter the root system without obstruction. There are various options for watering.
Black film has the following advantages:
- Water cost reduction 5 times,
- Water comes exactly to strawberries, and not to weeds, which slows down their reproduction.
Drip irrigation for good harvest
The first year involves abundant watering. Before the first appearance of flowers, preference is better. sprinkling method, and drip apply secondary. This method will clean the leaves of dirt, strawberries will grow faster and more correctly.
Drip system can be made by yourself or purchase a ready-made design. The main element is watering tape. It must meet the requirements:
- Pressure changes the tape material must withstand
- Distance between droppers from 10 to 30 cm,
- Tape wall thickness from 5 to 8 mm.
Pick up the pump, you need based on the source of water supply, for example, how much distance to connect to the well, tank or well. Vortex and centrifugal pumps are relevant for surface structures, and submersible pumps for wells.
Watering immediately after planting
At the beginning of planting, water the bushes often need water in small quantities. Land surface should always be wet. Water in the surface is necessary for the emergence of new roots growing from the base of the bush.
After the first decade of watering, should increase in volume but decrease in frequency. Roots should soak up water to the maximum. After 20 days, the plants will be ready for cold, under adverse conditions after 50 days. The period falls on the end of November.
In winter, the soil is dry, as in summer. For the whole winter strawberries almost without moisture. So that it does not dry, you need to water it well before the frost. Moisture should be absorbed and remain on the surface. After wintering, it is important to clean the weeds in a timely manner and water the bushes abundantly in due time. To prevent the leaves from burning, you need to water it early in the morning.To prevent strawberry leaves from burning, watering should be done early in the morning.
How often does a berry need moisture?
Constant and frequent watering is needed. at the beginning of May and until the end of September, because it is at this time that the bushes are actively growing. In autumn and spring, plants do not require much moisture. In the summer, increase the volume of liquid to three times a day. And in hot weather, you can every day.
It is recommended to apply fertilizer together with irrigation. To retain moisture, you need to do soil mulching.
This can be done using:
- Cardboard paper
- Straw and sawdust,
- Agrofibre or black film.
It is recommended to use capacity. The liquid will heat up naturally - the sun. Watering is recommended in the morning or late in the evening with warm water.
Blossoming implies a reduction in watering, you can not water at all. If you can not do without it, you need to look to pollen remained on the pistils. It is necessary to water carefully to do not harm the flowers. When fruits appear, watering is done along the grooves so that the leaves and berries do not start to rot.
Take care of the berries need a complex. With the observance of the rules and advice, after a couple of years you can see powerful bushes with large berries. After collecting the fruits, they will come back to normal.
The best way to moisturize strawberry beds is drip irrigation, which is easy to avoid over-wetting the soil, leading to the development of pathological microflora. If you do not have the funds to purchase a drip irrigation system, you can mount it yourself and use it not only to moisten the soil, but also to apply fertilizer.