How to grow thyme seeds from home?
Thyme (thyme) can be propagated and grown in two ways: by sowing seeds or by grafting. If there is no uterine bush, only the seed method of reproduction remains.
Thyme on the windowsill can grow anyone who is a little bit familiar with the basics of floriculture. Thyme (thyme) is sown in spring or autumn.
For planting, you need to take a small pot with a height of no more than 15 cm. Be sure to pour any drainage material on the bottom in order to prevent stagnation of water. Thyme roots do not tolerate excess moisture, rot, causing the plant to die. The drainage layer should be about 2-3 cm high.
Now you need to prepare the ground. Experts recommend adding perlite or vermiculite to the finished soil to regulate moisture and increase the air permeability of the soil. Thyme (Thyme) grows well on the purchase of soil "For cacti." To improve the composition to this purchased soil, you can add a third of the volume of black soil.
Before sowing, the soil should be moistened with a spray bottle, but not poured. Next, thyme seeds from a sachet are laid out on the soil surface and slightly buried, but not more than 1 cm. Plantings are slightly moistened, covered with polyethylene to maintain a constant moisture level. Periodically crops need to be aired to avoid the formation of mold and the development of fungal diseases.
The first sprouts of thyme appear about 10-20 days after sowing, and after another 2 months the most powerful plants are left in the pot. If desired, weak shoots are transplanted into separate pots for growing.
How to care for home-grown thyme?
Watering seedlings should be moderate, without waterlogging, but too dry soil is extremely negative for the development of plants. Thyme seedlings grown and matured are best placed on a southern window, where the plants will have enough heat. With insufficient lighting sprouts stretched and withered. In addition, thyme grown in the shade is less fragrant and grows weakly.
When thyme grows up to 5 cm in height, it is necessary to feed it with mineral fertilizers. First, the soil is shed with clean warm water, then watered with a solution of mineral fertilizer. After each watering and top dressing, the soil must be loosened without damaging the root system of the plant, which is located near the soil surface.
Thyme is demanding of heat and light, so the pot with the plant should be kept in a room where the temperature does not fall below 5 ° C heat.
When home-grown thyme blooms, you can begin to harvest the spices. The stems and leaves of this plant are cut all year round as needed, but not carried away by cutting, so as not to weaken the bush.
In the second year, grown thyme bush can be seated in separate pots or cuttings. Growing thyme at home will always allow you to have fresh spice on the windowsill.
In cooking, it is used to add a flavor to dishes. It is added to soups, side dishes, sauces, seasoned meat, fish and even dairy products. Fresh, similar to basil and coriander, savory is put in a pickle for preservation of tomatoes, cucumbers, mushrooms, used for smoking meat, sausages. The relatively low price (for example, compared to cloves, ginger) makes pepper grass very popular.
Origin and Legends
A native plant from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, thanks to the monks of chabe6r came to other continents. It is cultivated everywhere: in Europe, Central Asia, the USA, Africa, Australia.
The ancient Romans endowed the savory with miraculous properties: it was believed that wearing a wreath of plant twigs improves memory, clears the mind. Only the highest nobility could afford such luxury (with time, a wreath of savory became a symbol of belonging to the elite).
In Russia, milk kilns were fumigated with savory - thus the milk did not turn sour longer.
In planting and care, the plant is unpretentious, savory is grown in open ground and on a windowsill. The harvest of one year, taking into account the possibility of a long shelf life, lasts for several years. Fragrant grass will perfectly fit into the landscape design of the garden, delighting with beauty, at the same time being a source of fresh spicy greens.
Suitable plot for growing savory
Savory planting and care in the open field photo
Grow savory in a well-lit area (Douglas savory is best planted in a hanging basket and grow in a shady place).
The soil requires a fertile, light, breathable neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Perfectly loamy and sandy soil.
Root crops, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes (especially if they are regularly fed with organic), legumes, winter crops (which were sown on rested and well-fertilized soil) are good predecessors of the crop. It is not advisable to sow after the brothers in the family (lemon balm, mint, basil, thyme, sage, oregano, rosemary, etc.).
Previously (a couple of weeks before planting), they dig up the plot to the depth of the spade bayonet, introducing humus or compost (5-6 kg per 1 m²). Immediately before sowing, water well.
Growing savory seed from open ground When planted
Savory seeds photo
Experienced gardeners note that it is enough to sow savory on the site once, and it will multiply annually by self-sowing.
In open ground sown in spring (about April) or before the winter (in November). Sow in the grooves to a depth of 0.5-1 cm, keeping a distance of 15-20 cm between them. Consumption per 1 m² - 0.3-0.5 g of seeds. Cover the bed with a covering nonwoven to keep the topsoil moist. After 2-3 days, water from the watering can. Thin the seedlings, leaving the strongest shoots at a distance of 5-7, and then 10-15 cm.
Growing savory seed from home for seedlings
Savory seed seedling photos
Growing savory from seeds on a windowsill is easy. For indoor cultivation, sowing is carried out in March (using a seedling box). Pre-hold the seeds of savory in a damp cloth for a day and dry to a state of flowability. The seeding depth is 0.5-1 cm, the distance between plants is 3-4 cm.
After sowing, spray the ground with a fine sprayer to keep the sowing moisture in the container with a film. Shoots appear on the 8-10th day after sowing, remove the film.
Savory seedling is ready for planting photo
Watered moderately, provide bright diffused lighting with long light day. Before planting, seedlings are hardened in the fresh air for 1.5-2 weeks.
Garden savory care
The plant needs moderate watering. Do not allow not drying the earthy coma, not over-wetting. Water about a couple of times a week.
It is important to regularly weed beds from weeds. To provide access to oxygen to the roots, periodically loosen the soil, going deeper by 2-3 cm.
Before planting, as well as in the fall after harvest, the soil should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers (for 10 liters of water 15-20 g of nitroammofoski, consumption per 1 m²). Also, before sowing, you can use urea (10-20 g per 1 m²).
Savory Herb Collection and Storage
Savory Herb Curative Properties
Savory is fragrant and healthy herbs. In order to preserve as much as possible all useful microelements, it is better to harvest the crop at the beginning of flowering. During the season, you can pick fresh leaves for salad.
Take a sharp knife and cut pepper grass, leaving a height of about 10 cm. You can use it fresh immediately or put it in a glass with water to maintain freshness for several days.
For longer storage, the grass is dried in a well-ventilated visit with protection from direct sunlight. Cut the twigs should be laid out on a horizontal surface in a single layer (cover with parchment paper or cloth). Turn over periodically to avoid blotting. When the grass is completely dry, tear off the bracts and leaves, store them in fabric bags or glass containers that are sealed.
To collect the seeds, cut off the ripened plants completely, hang them to dry down with flowers (spread out the paper beforehand). Dry seeds and put them in paper bags.
Savory Garden Satureja hortensis
Savory Garden Satureja hortensis photo
Most often grown by our gardeners. It is a grassy annual with a height of about 40 cm. The leaves are narrow, oblong, dark green in color, with pale pink flowers. Exhausts sweetish flavor (similar to thyme, oregano).
In nature, savory is found in the Crimea, Turkey, Europe, the Mediterranean and Asia. In ancient times, the plant was used as a fragrant seasoning, which is still used in many national cuisines. Thanks to its pleasant taste, aroma and affordable price, it is an alternative to ginger, lemon, cloves and pepper.
In ancient Rome, people believed that savory grass, which is also pepper grass, has magical properties. For this reason, the Romans wore fragrant wreaths on their heads, believing that they would protect them from the evil eye, clear their minds and improve their memory. In addition, they were a symbol of belonging to a noble family.
In planting and care, savory is unpretentious. It can be grown not only in the open field, but also on the windowsill. The fragrant plant will ideally fit into the garden composition, becoming an ornament of the beds and alpine slides, as well as a constant supply of fresh spices, which will add savory notes to many dishes.
Varieties and types
Garden savory - is a bushy annual, reaching 40 centimeters in height. The plant has narrow dark green leafy plates and pink inflorescences with a sweetish aroma resembling oregano and thyme.
Mountain savory - is a lush semi-shrub, reaching a height of 50 centimeters. It has long, narrow, dark green leaves with pointed ends. The inflorescences of the plant are small, white. The creeping variety of mountain savory has a special decorative effect.
Savory kondari - is a bushy annual plant with thin, narrow, pointed green leaves. The bloom is blooming with small flowers of light pink color with a spicy aroma, which is enhanced by drying the raw materials.
Long savory - A plant of this variety reaches a height of 50 centimeters. He has many similarities with savory annuals. It has a gray-green lanceolate leaf plates. Inflorescences can have both white and pink. Flowering time occurs at the end of summer and ends in mid-autumn. The smell of savory of this variety is similar to marjoram.
Savory Douglas Indiant Mint
It is a herbaceous perennial, with branches of creeping type with fragrant, rounded leaf mass. The smell of the grass resembles mint. Inflorescences are small, having a white tint and strong aroma.
Summer savory - The plant is a bushy annual, reaching a height of up to 40 centimeters. It has long, thin, pointed leaves of a dark green shade. Grass blooms with light pink small flowers with a pleasant aroma, vaguely reminiscent of oregano.
Winter savory - is a small shrub with spreading, creeping branches, which are covered with linear-lanceolate leaves of gray-green shade with a slight gloss. Inflorescences have a pink or light purple hue. The plant has a sharp pleasant aroma.
Savory Garden Gnome - is a compact heavily branched shrub, reaching a height of 10 to 12 centimeters. The savory has a dense deciduous cover of a dark-green shade with a tart, pleasant aroma. The grass blooms with white or pink small flowers.
It is an annual low, bushy plant with lanceolate, pointed foliage. Inflorescences may have a white shade with red specks or light purple. The smell of savory distantly resembles oregano, but at the same time it is sharper and more tart.
Savory citron - is a perennial crop with creeping branches with a small, bright green foliate cover, emitting a strong lemon scent. The plant blooms with mauve small flowers.
Savory fragrant - It is a bushy annual plant with small, pleasantly smelling, pointed leaf plates. Savory inflorescences have light pink shade and sweetish aroma.
Savory one-year - It is a branchy, undersized bush, reaching a height of 25 to 50 centimeters. It possesses lanceolate small leaves of gray-green color with sharp ends. Inflorescences are collected in small baskets of white or pink color, located in the leaf sinuses.
Savory planting and care in the open field
Pepper grass is a light-loving plant, for this reason it must be grown in a warm, open and sunny place. In the shade, the plant will feel discomfort, which will affect its growth and development.
The savory does not tolerate the neighborhood with weeds, therefore, before it is planted, the landing area must be completely rid of weeds. Since pepper grass has excellent decorative qualities, it can be planted on an alpine slide, along garden paths and even around an artificial reservoir. It will look organically everywhere.
For harmonious growth and development, one should choose fertile, light, slightly alkaline and breathable soil. The ideal option for the soil would be sandy loam or loam. Also savory can be planted at the place where tomatoes, winter crops or cabbage were previously grown, especially if they were fertilized with organic dressings. Do not sow the plant next to melissa, rosemary, mint and thyme.
A few weeks before sowing a plant, one should dig up a garden bed, mixing garden soil with compost or humus. Before planting, the ground must be well moistened.
It is worth considering the fact that savory multiplies by self-sowing, therefore, it is enough to sow pepper grass once, as a result of which it will grow on the plot on its own each year.
Seeds of savory should be sown in spring, when there will be no threat of frost or in the beginning of November before winter. On the garden beds, one should form grooves with a depth of 1 centimeter, retreating between them by 20 centimeters. After sowing the plants, the garden beds should be covered with agrofibre in order to maintain optimum soil moisture.
After three days, the bed should be watered. When the first entrances appear, they must be dived, leaving the strongest plants at a distance of 5 to 7 centimeters from each other. A little later, this distance should be increased to 15 centimeters.
The garden bergamot is also a representative of the family Luminous. It is cultivated when planting and caring in the open field without much hassle, the main thing is to follow the rules of agricultural engineering. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.
Watering the plants should be moderate. After sowing the seeds, during their germination, it is necessary to prevent the soil from drying out by watering a bed of pepper grass every two days.
When savory grows, watering should be carried out twice a week.
The light, fertile soils with an acidity level of no less than 6 are suitable for the savory. The plant will grow well on loams and sandy loam soil.
It is very important that the earth is loose and moderately wet.
Transplanting pepper grass is often carried out in order to transfer the plant from open ground to a pot for home cultivation. The procedure is carried out at the beginning of autumn by carefully digging up the plant with a clod and placing it in the ground mixed with biohumus and coconut fiber. At the bottom of the pot should definitely make drainage of expanded clay. In about a month, the plant will take root and will grow in the same way as in open ground.
Transplantation in the open ground is also carried out together by the Committee on a previously prepared garden bed with fertile soil. Only perennial varieties are transplanted; it does not make sense to carry out this procedure with annuals.
Despite the unpretentiousness of the plant, it needs feeding, since the health of the plant and its yield will depend on it. Before planting in the spring season and after harvesting in the fall, complex mineral supplements should be applied to the soil.
For example, you can use nitroammofoskoy. On a bucket of water you need to take 20 grams of fertilizer. Before sowing seeds or seedlings, the soil must be fertilized with urea. Также не следует забывать о регулярных подкормках органическими удобрениями. Вносить их нужно не реже раза в месяц.
Цветет чабер с начала августа по середину октября. Соцветия у растения мелкие, белого или розоватого цвета.
Они обладают приятным ароматом, оттенок которого будет зависеть от сорта перечной травы.
So that the savory bushes do not grow, they should be regularly cut. Pruning perennials is carried out in early spring in order to remove dead and weak branches. Also, the procedure is necessary after the blooming of savory.
If brown spots began to appear on the sheet mass, the bush should be thinned out, since this symptom indicates a lack of light. If it is the green mass that interests the gardener, then the savory should be cut as often as possible without letting it bloom.
Preparing savory for winter
Only perennial varieties are prepared for wintering. In order that the hard frosts do not damage the root system, the bushes of pepper grass are sufficient to cover with dry leaves or spruce branches.
With the arrival of spring, the plant needs to open and remove all dead shoots, giving the savory the opportunity to grow new ones.
The growth of savory vegetative way
The savory propagates in two ways: seed and vegetative. The vegetative method is used extremely rarely, as the plant is well propagated by seed.
However, you should know that it involves the jigging of the basal shoots and rooting stem cuttings.
Savory seed growing
Grow a plant from seed is not difficult. For this purpose, it is necessary to prepare a bed with fertile soil, water it, make grooves in it up to 1 centimeter deep and up to 15 centimeters apart.
After preliminary preparation, sow the seeds in the grooves and cover with a film to maintain the required level of humidity. When the shoots appear, the film must be removed and the young must be thinned out.
It should be noted that planting seeds can be done both in spring and in winter. However, experienced gardeners advise breeding savory precisely in the spring.
Diseases and pests
Savory is quite resistant to plant diseases and pests, but there are some diseases that can develop in pepper grass. These include rot and powdery mildew.
Root decay occurs as a result of overmoistening of the soil and leads to the death of the plant. It can be prevented only by observing the correct mode of watering, avoiding stagnant water in the roots.
Mealy dew appears as white spots on the leaves, which are formed as a result of the accumulation of the mycelium of the fungus. It leads to rotting of the leaves, and because of the untimely provision of assistance, it causes the death of the whole plant. At the first signs of an illness, the savory must be sprayed with a solution of the drug "Actellic" according to the instructions on the package.
Savory healing properties and contraindications
The goodness of savory for the organism lies in its unusual chemical composition. Young sprigs of pepper grass are rich in vitamin C, mineral salts and carotene. Thanks to the combination of these components, savory is a natural antioxidant, and also allows you to fight against infectious diseases, improves capillary permeability and has a beneficial effect on blood formation.
In the savory there are a lot of tannins, resins and mucus that provide the herb with special value as a medicinal plant. Pleasant specific aroma, savory is obliged to the essential oil contained in it. It is a great tonic that improves concentration.
It is used in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction. In addition, it is prescribed for tremor of the extremities and convulsions that often accompany such a dangerous illness as Parkinson’s disease.
Pepper grass is also used in cosmetology. Since savory oil helps fight baldness, strengthening hair follicles and preventing their loss. It also relieves inflammation well, so it is used to treat dermatitis, eczema and boils.
And its antiseptic properties make savory indispensable for ailments of fungal etiology and scabies. The plant has a regenerating and rejuvenating effect, so its extract is often added to anti-aging cosmetics.
People who have individual intolerance, chronic diseases and hypertension should stop using pepper grass.
It is impossible to apply savory and expectant mothers. Before using plant-based medicines, consult a specialist.
Savory Cooking Applications
In cooking, the plant has been used since ancient times. Its spicy, but pleasant aroma is remotely reminiscent of pepper, so it is added to various sauces, as well as meat and fish dishes. In Bulgaria, it is generally considered the main seasoning. It is one of the components of the famous Bulgarian ketchup. Use grass in Georgian and Armenian cuisine.
Add savory to salads. It goes well with beans, tomatoes, stews, mushrooms, fried potatoes and liver. The leaves of the plant are put in the tea to give the drink a pleasant aroma and taste.
Savory is not only unpretentious in the care of the plant used in cooking and traditional medicine, but also a beautiful ornamental shrub that will organically fit into the garden landscape, giving it brightness and beauty. It is enough to follow the advice of experienced gardeners regarding the cultivation of savory and it will delight you with its magnificence for years.
Is it possible to grow savory in a pot
Many fragrant herbs grow with pleasure in winter and summer in small pots on the balcony or windowsill. Wonderful spice savory differs quite simple growing at home from seed. Any hostess will simply sow chabra seeds in a pot with soil. When sowing, seeds are sunk into the ground by no more than 1 cm. They are sprinkled with soil and lightly watered. The pot must be wrapped in polyethylene and put in a warm place. After three to five days, you can wait for the first shoots. When delicate stalks appear, we remove the film and set the pot closer to the light.
It should be noted that chabra seeds have short germination and are stored for no more than two years. Therefore, for sowing in a pot, it is desirable to take one-year seeds. When buying seeds, carefully read the packaging, paying attention to the final date of sowing of this particular batch. On the package will be a brief information about the chabre and how to grow it from seed.
Where is the best place to plant
Mini-garden on the windowsill or loggia - a great idea! After all, it is convenient, and fresh greens on hand, and just beautiful. Many spicy plants in our area are grown as annuals, because they do not tolerate winter. And indoors, such spices, including savory, can grow year-round.
The balcony for spices is like a small greenhouse, where there is a constant air humidity, there are no sudden changes in temperature. There are no harmful insects on the balcony and it is possible to avoid diseases of the open ground. Almost no weeds. The hostess will notice the weed in a small pot and immediately pull out. And that means - no one will take food and living space away from the plant.
Such gardens on the windowsill or on the balcony can be arranged by planting chabra in large pots and drawers. You can place the pots on the overhead shelves and on the floor, or arrange wall racks on which you can comfortably place the pots with spices.
Lighting for homemade chabra
Receiving little light, the plant will lag behind in growth and pull the stalks after a weak window light. Savory feels great in the sun, even contact with direct sunlight on the leaves does not frighten him. Spice does not tolerate dark places and drafts.Chabru needs lighting for five to six hours a day. In winter, a mini-ogorodik desirable dosvechivat. For this purpose, an ordinary desk lamp with a bending neck and a housekeeper with a daylight lamp is perfect.
When growing chabra in a pot in a room, natural lighting may not be enough.
Humidity and temperature for growing
Savory grows well when the air temperature is +18. +22 ° C. If the room is much cooler, it may react with root decay and even die. At temperatures above 25 ° C, it is desirable to lightly spray the savory a couple of times a week with water.
Savory is a grass, and growing it is not difficult, but the plant is still southern, therefore it freezes and dies at the minimum negative temperature.
Growing chabra on the windowsill: the choice of capacity for planting and preparation of the substrateIf the plant is purchased in a supermarket already adults, for good further growth it needs to be transplanted. Shop plants are cramped in small pots, and at home, savory can be simply moved into a container more spaciously, using the transshipment plant. Savory at home grows into a luxurious bush.
Prior to transplanting we arrange drainage in a pot. At the bottom of the pot piled a little clay. In case of a transfer transplant, a plant with a clod of earth is carefully shaken out of an old pot and installed in a new one. The sides of the pot fill up the missing ground. We water a little and our housewife is already conveniently located in the new house.
Suitable primer for making a mini-vegetable garden can be purchased at a gardening shop or at a supermarket. The composition of the mixture will be indicated on the soil bag. For savory soil is suitable in which peat is not more than a third. Peat gives the soil acidity, and the acidic soil of the thyme does not suit the taste.
How to plant savory in a pot: planting scheme
Sowing chabra seedsFor the cultivation of chabra in a room garden, seed sowing begins in the spring. The best time for sowing is the end of March - the beginning of April. Before planting savory, the seeds are scattered in a thin layer on a damp napkin and left for a day for swelling and partial nakleva seeds. After that, they are slightly dried and immediately begin to sow in pots.
In potted soil, grooves are made up to 1 cm deep, and chabra seeds are sown in these furrows. When sowing, use seeds at the rate of:on 1 square. m sow 0.3-0.5 g of seeds. The first shoots appear on the 7-10th day. The soil should always be moderately wet. To prevent the soil from drying out in pots with crops, they are covered with agrofibre. When shoots of chabra reach a height of 1 cm, they must be thinned. In one large pot you can leave up to 20 thin shoots of chabra. As they grow, the bushes should be planted in different pots. Tender shoots of chabra are watered in the first 14 days of life only from a spray bottle, spraying moisture.
Planting adult plant chabra
We plant one bush of chabra in one pot, and planting and caring for it are facilitated by the large size of the planting tank. The size of the pot should be at least 3 liters.
Why only one adult plant is planted in a pot of this size? In large capacity, the soil does not dry out so quickly and the root system of the plant develops more freely. With well developed roots, the upper part of the plant grows faster, the stems and leaves of chabra will be larger.Pots with young plants are placed close to the window. As the spice bushes grow and develop, the containers are moved apart. Between adult bushes should be at least 20 cm of free space. Plants need free space for normal growth and access to light.
Cultivation: planting and care
They cultivate savory as a garden plant, it is considered very unpretentious, but the more fertile the soil, the richer the aroma of the chabr is. Planting should take place early in the morning on a warm day. Sometimes savory grows as a weed plant in gardens, in gardens. He prefers dry gravelly and stony slopes and rocks.
Savory is an excellent honey plant. So far, there are no breeding varieties of this plant, cultivated wild species, for example, garden and mountain savory are usually grown in vegetable gardens. Often savory propagated by seeds. Before planting the seeds are carefully sorted. The main thing is to highlight the savory sunny place, which will ensure a good yield of fragrant greenery.
The plant can be grown in open ground or in pots on the balcony.
Care for savory consists of moderate watering, before winter it is sprinkled with peat or humus.
The plant blooms in July-August, but it is harvested before flowering. As a spice, the grass is cut off at the very soil and dried in bunches in a draft. After drying, the aroma of chabra is enhanced. Add to the dishes it is necessary in small quantities. The plant retains its taste and aroma well, it should be stored in paper bags.
How to grow at home?
Savory can be grown even in a flower pot in a city apartment. The seeds of the plant are sown at the end of winter or early spring in the previously prepared soil. The soil should consist of one part of garden soil and two parts of humus. Seeds are sown in a pot or small bowls every 2 cm. In order for the first shoots to appear as early as possible, the bowls are covered with plastic wrap.
Care for savory growing at home is watering and organic dressings. Plants that are removed during the thinning process can then be consumed for gastronomic purposes.
The healing properties of chabra are due to its valuable chemical composition.
Young shoots of chabra contain a large amount of mineral salts, carotene, vitamin C. Carotin, when it enters the human body, turns into indispensable vitamin A. It participates in many vital processes of the body, is a powerful antioxidant. Vitamin A neutralizes free radicals that destroy cell membranes. Vitamin C, also contained in savory, is considered one of the most important vitamins that the body needs to protect against infectious diseases. He is involved in the synthesis of collagen, as well as some hormones. Vitamin C normalizes capillary permeability, is involved in blood formation.
Savory is also rich in tannins, mucus and tar. Tannins give the plant an astringent taste, and tar and mucus provide a special medicinal value. It has been scientifically proven that the essential oil of the plant is a powerful antioxidant.
The specific aroma of the plant gives the presence of essential oil. The savory is an essential oil plant, and an oil with a warm spicy-balsamic aroma is obtained from it. Oil tones, gives a person strength and energy, increases concentration. This valuable oil is effective in alcohol and drug addiction. It is also stated that it eliminates tremor - fast, rhythmic movements of the limbs, caused by muscle contractions. Tremor can occur with fatigue or when experiencing strong emotions, as well as with Parkinson's disease.
Savory is widely used in cosmetology. Essential oil of this plant perfectly fights baldness, strengthens hair, makes them strong and healthy. It is also believed that the plant has powerful anti-inflammatory properties, it will be useful for problem skin, boils, dermatitis, eczema. Being an excellent antiseptic, savory is used for fungal infections, scabies. The plant has a beneficial effect on the skin, rejuvenates and regenerates it.
In cooking, savory has been used for a long time; it has a pungent aroma that resembles the smell of pepper. The Romans cooked a special sauce with savory, which was then served to fish and meat. In ancient times, savory was used as a substitute for expensive pepper, the plant was even called "pepper grass". Later, savory became known in Europe, then they began to add it to meat rolls, from which sauces were prepared for meat dishes, added to pies stuffed with pork, sausage. The herb can also be used for breading.
In Bulgaria, savory is considered one of the most popular seasonings. It is the addition of “chubrica” (so-called savory in Bulgaria) that gives dishes a delicious taste and aroma. The plant is also part of the famous "Bulgarian ketchup." In the Moldavian cuisine, savory can be found as a seasoning called chimbra. Without this plant it is difficult to imagine Georgian and Armenian cuisine. In many national cuisines savory is widely used in pickling. In salads, it goes well with fresh cucumbers.
In cooking, savory has been used as a valuable spice. Its aroma goes well with legumes, for example, with beans. The green leaves of the plant can be consumed throughout the summer season.
Savory not only gives the dish a special taste, but also helps to fight intestinal gases, the appearance of which is provoked by legumes.
In Germany and Holland, the plant is even called “bean grass” because it helps digest starchy and heavy foods.
For gastronomic purposes, they use both fresh and dry plants. This spice is added when salting tomatoes. Savory goes well with fish, steaks, fried potatoes, stews, biscuits, mushrooms. Cooks recommend adding savory at the very end of cooking so that it does not become bitter. Savory blends well with other herbs, such as oregano, marjoram, basil, rosemary, sage, parsley, thyme, and fennel.
The use of chabra and treatment
The benefits of plants have long been known folk medicine. In France and Germany, it is used as an antibacterial and antiparasitic agent. In folk medicine, the healing properties of chabra are used for tachycardia, cystitis, flatulence, and colds. Эфирное масло помогает при заболеваниях суставов, артрите, артрозах, невралгиях. Также его применяют при стоматите, воспалениях десен.
В медицине чабер используют для приготовления отваров и настоек. Клинические исследования подтвердили лечебные свойства растения, а также эффективность его использования при метеоризме и в качестве вяжущего средства при расстройствах желудка. The effectiveness of chabra as an antiparasitic agent, as well as a remedy for intestinal colic, has been proven.
In folk medicine, its use is even wider. Infusions of the plant are used as a means to increase appetite, as well as an antiemetic. In the Renaissance, he was considered a powerful painkiller. Healers used it to solve problems with the stool.
Harm of chabra and contraindications
Harm to the plant body can cause with individual intolerance, as well as the presence of chronic diseases. Before using chabra for medicinal purposes, you should consult with your doctor. The essential oil of the plant can cause irritation of the skin, mucous membranes. It is forbidden to use oil during pregnancy, hypertension.
Thyme (thyme) is valued not only for its healing properties, but also as a wonderful spice, flavoring seasoning for many dishes and flavored drinks in cooking. It is unassuming in care, so it is often grown in open ground, and in a room on a windowsill. Many gardeners, appreciating the decorativeness of some varieties, use thyme to decorate the site. We will tell in the article how to grow thyme from seeds in the country or at home, how to squeeze, what features of care are required for a plant.
Types and varieties of thyme (thyme)
The genus of thyme is very extensive, in nature there are more than 200 of its species. Breeders in breeding varieties use mainly the following types of thyme (thyme):
- lemon smell,
Some species are successfully used as flowering and ornamental shrubs for arranging flower beds, decorating slides, borders.
Seedless method (seed)
- Seeds are sown in open ground in spring, buried in a well-moistened ground, but not more than 0.5-0.7 cm, since they are very small. On top of them lightly sprinkled with sand or peat. Planting cover up with polyethylene before the first shoots, usually it will take about 2 -2.5 weeks.
- Plants, especially upright varieties, are usually placed on the beds according to the pattern of 40-60 cm between rows and 10-20 cm between plants in a row.
- At first, the thyme grows very slowly, after the appearance of the first true leaves it is thinned. For decorative purposes, it is possible to grow a solid carpet, without thinning.
Savory (Thyme, Thyme) - growing from seed
Tip # 1. In order for the thyme not to die out in areas with severe winters, planting is mulched, and it is often grown as an annual. Separate copies can be transplanted in the fall in pots and to establish on a window sill.
Reproduction cuttings and root layering
- In creeping species, the processes can take root themselves, acquiring roots. Root otvodki cut off from the parent plant, dug and transplanted.
- Some species propagate with lignified cuttings, which are cut to 3-5 cm, pre-rooted in the greenhouse or planted immediately to a permanent place under the film for rooting.
Growing thyme by dividing the bush
- In the spring, large bushes dig up and carefully disassemble the roots. The plant is divided into separate parts with branches of the root system. They are seated in moist soil with embedding in 4-6 cm.
Thyme can be propagated by dividing the bush, embedding it in a moist soil to a depth of 4-6 cm
Growing at home
- Thyme can be grown on the windowsill all year round, using both seedless and seedling methods.
- In the presence of adult plants, applicable vegetative methods of reproduction - cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
- For home cultivation suitable varieties with compact size and upright stems.
- To avoid excessive stretching of shoots, in the autumn-winter time, additional lighting is required.
Watering and loosening the soil
- Loose and light soils with a neutral reaction are preferred, thyme will not grow on clay soils.
- The main condition is good drainage, because the plant does not tolerate even the slightest waterlogging and stagnation of water. Good results are obtained using fine gravel as mulch.
The use of fine gravel as mulch prevents water from stagnating.
- The moisture permeability of the soil can be ensured by using equal parts of soil mixture, sand and peat for seed germination and rooting cuttings.
- Plants will need loosening the soil, removing weeds.
Requirements for watering bushes
- Watering should be moderate, but constant, it is not necessary to allow the soil to dry out.
- In dry summer periods, with active regrowth of shoots in spring and during flowering, watering increases somewhat.
- Much harm to plants causes excessive moisture. If there is prolonged rain, and the soil is saturated with moisture, the roots may begin to rot.
Watering should be moderate, both waterlogging and overdrying of the soil are not allowed.
Room temperature and humidity
- In open ground, one should not allow excessive overheating, overdrying or over-wetting of the soil.
- Before the appearance of the first shoots, a higher temperature and humidity (+ 20-22 ° C) will be required. When growing seedlings, the temperature is gradually reduced (to + 15-18 ° C), tempering the plants.
Fertilization and fertilizing
- Before planting in the open ground make organic (2-3 kg per 1 square meter) and nitrophoska (30 g).
- Plants in open ground are fed with complex fertilizers two or three times per season, especially they need additional feeding after harvesting the raw materials.
- When growing seedlings, plants are fed 1-2 times with universal fertilizers with microelements, following the instructions. You can apply wood ash and spraying Epin-extra.
Collection time shoots
- In the first year (when grown from seed), individual, longest shoots are selectively cut.
- For medicinal purposes and for the preparation of beverages, thyme is harvested in dry weather, during flowering, which begins in the second year. In this case, the stem is cut, leaving the root of 7-10 cm. The second cleaning can be repeated in the autumn, as the shoots grow back.
- For eating use young shoots with delicate leaves.
For use in culinary purposes tear young shoots and leaves
Answers to questions about growing thyme
Question number 1. I grow thyme in the open field, but it blooms poorly and develops. What is the reason?
It is possible that the plant does not suit the soil, it is too acidic. Other reasons - the location of landings in the shade or stagnant water on the garden.
Question number 2. Thyme planted on an alpine hill, grows very strongly and stretches, its decorative effect is lost. What can be done?
For an alpine slide, it is best to change the variety by selecting creeping species with miniature and compact bushes for planting.
Question number 3. Is it possible to sow thyme seeds in open ground not in spring, but in summer or autumn?
Crops can be carried out at any time, but it must be borne in mind that young plants should have enough time to take root before the first frosty days. In the winter they should be tucked and sheltered.
Question number 4. When to cut thyme properly for medicinal purposes?
Most of the nutrients found in flowering thyme, because cutting is carried out during flowering.
Question number 5. What can be done to plants in pots on the windowsill were more compact?
More compact shrubs with dense green mass are obtained with regular pruning, overgrown shoots are cut to a woody base. For home cultivation, it is better to select low, upright varieties.
When grown on a windowsill, thyme is placed in the sunniest place.
Feedback on growing thyme
Fragrant thyme is known for its medicinal and taste properties, so I have been growing it at the summer cottage for several years, and it invariably pleases us with its decorative effect. Last time I decided to plant it at home, so that when I cook, there would always be spicy leaves on hand.
There is nothing super-complex in its cultivation, but still we have to take into account some of the main points. In the open field, the seedling method is more suitable, so the thyme takes root better. The seeds are very small, germinate for a long time, so they need to constantly keep an eye on them, to comply with the regime of elevated temperature and humidity.
But even when the first shoots appear, they are very tiny and grow slowly, weeds can destroy them, and this will also have to be constantly monitored. But at the cottage in the spring I am from time to time, so it is more convenient for me to bring along ready-made seedlings grown on the windowsill.
- For planting seeds in seedlings I use low containers, at the bottom I spread a layer of fine expanded clay, well washed and scalded with boiling water. Thyme does not tolerate stagnation of water, and in containers should be a good drain.
- The soil for the initial germination of seeds is best to take a poor nutrient. It may be just a mixture of sand and peat, because if you take a normal nutrient mixture, high humidity will contribute to the appearance of mold.
- Before planting, the soil is plentifully watered and compacted, then on its surface I spread the prepared seeds, trying to distribute them evenly, and cover the container with glass (you can use a film). I put it in the warmest place, constantly supporting the wet state of the soil, and after about 2 weeks the first shoots begin to appear.
Thyme shoots appear after about 2 weeks
- In the state of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive, but the soil is already composed of equal parts of peat, sand and universal soil mixture. Plant will be ready for planting in the country in 2 months.
- I prepare the land on the bed in advance, dig it in, mixing it with sand. I add universal fertilizer, as well as well-rotten compost. Please note that the soil should be light and loose; heavy clay soils on which water will begin to stagnate will not work. The first time the plants are shading, then I provide timely watering, weeding and loosening of the peel.
- I leave some seedlings for growing in the kitchen. On cloudy and winter days, the thyme will need light exposure, otherwise it will stretch heavily. Especially liked the variety "Lemon" and "Medoc".
Savory garden. Growing up.
Garden savory (lat. Satureja hortensis) came to us from the Mediterranean countries of southern Europe, where it is very popular as a spice. This plant belongs to the family of Labiaceae and is a small annual bush with narrow pointed green-green leaves, usually not growing in our region above 20-25 cm. you need to grow it in a greenhouse seedling, only then transplanted to a permanent place in the open ground. You do not need to dig deep into the soil for seedlings, enough depth of 1 cm, and sprinkle the top with peat mulch. By the way, savory grows remarkably not only in the open field, but also in pots and drawers on the balcony and windowsill. The savory is not demanding of the soil composition, although its yield on fertile soil increases. For cultivation of savory at home should be prepared light and fertile soil mixture. When grown on open ground, this plant begins to bloom in August, small white or lilac leaves, gathered in tassels at the ends of the twigs. After cutting the twigs on the bush instead of the cut, new, additional ones grow. Savory tolerates transplanting, but it should be transplanted at a distance of 20-25 cm from bush to bush.
It is necessary to dry the savory with bunches in the shade; for this, branches of about 7–8 cm long are cut and tied together in small bunches. It is convenient to store dried bunches entirely in glass jars from under coffee with cardboard laying under a cover. The carton absorbs moisture and does not make the spices mold. You can, of course, use conventional jars with a screw cap, but then you will have to cut the cardboard liner yourself. These tricks with a carton are needed so that the spice does not lose its unique bitter flavor. And the whole winter you will be pleased with the smell of last summer, for this it is enough to get a couple of dry twigs from a jar, rub them with your fingers and add to food. Although in some recipes it is recommended to use dried branches of savory whole, but in a crushed form, the flavor and aroma of the seasoning increase.
Do not forget to prepare a few branches with seeds, so as not to remain for the next year without the harvest of your favorite seasoning. Consider that the seeds of savory after ripening quickly peel off, so when they become dark almost black in color, the branches with seeds should be collected and dried.
Useful properties and application of savory
Garden savory has a characteristic burning, bitter-spicy taste, stimulates the appetite.
As a medicinal plant, savory has an analgesic and disinfecting effect. Savory broth used in folk medicine for problems of the gastrointestinal tract to improve digestion and increase appetite, reduces the feeling of thirst in diabetics. Infusion of savory used as a diaphoretic and diuretic, with tachycardia, migraine, as well as antitussive and antiemetic, antispasmodic and bactericidal agent.
- To prepare a daily dose of infusion, take 3 tsp. dried grass, pour two cups of boiling water and leave for 10-15 minutes, then strain and drink before eating. In the treatment of cough can be added to the cooled broth 1 tbsp. l honey
Thanks to its disinfecting properties, it is good to use savory when preserving cucumbers, tomatoes, mushrooms, etc. Savory not only inhibits the development of mold, but also gives your pickles and marinades an original aroma and spicy spicy taste. Bon appetit and good health wish you Uncle Cactus & friends!
Tell your friends about the article and site. Just press the button of your favorite social network ...
How to water the plantThere is an easier way to care for your chabra. If you often leave the house, you can arrange a wick for the kitchen garden wicking through the pan. In each planting pot there is a hole in the bottom (for the outflow of excess moisture). When planted in a pot plant in the ground laid a wick from a long piece of wool fabric. This wick is pulled through the entire pot, and its tip protrudes out into the hole at the bottom of the pot. Pots with plants are installed in the pan, a wool wick tail sticks out of the bottom of each pot, and we pour water into the bottom of the common pallet. The plant takes water, absorbing it through the wick. With this watering, the plant will never be over-moistened, as it will take as much water as needed. Even through wick irrigation conveniently feedingbe a vegetable garden. In the same way we add solution with fertilizer to the pallet. Clean, tidy on the windowsill. And for the hostess there is no unnecessary trouble.
The choice of location and soil
Savory - light and heat-loving plants. Therefore, for planting seeds or seedlings is best to choose a place open to the sun. The place should be well ventilated, but at the same time protected from drafts. Savory can grow in any kind of soil. But it is still better to choose more fertile soils for planting. It digs the ground twice a year - in the fall and spring - to a depth of 25 centimeters, then it is leveled and tamped a little.
In the autumn period after loosening the soil should be fertilized. Compost or humus is ideal for this. On one square meter of land you need to prepare about 5-6 pounds of feeding.
The most suitable precursors for savory are tomatoes and cucumbers, because during their cultivation the soil is saturated with organic matter.
To make the ground lighter, you can add a little river sand to it during digging. If the earth has high acidity, it is better to add lime to it.
After all these manipulations, the gardener will receive the most fertile soil for growing this spice.
What you need to know about feeding plants
Window garden with chabr should be periodically fed. The soil in the pot is gradually depleted, all minerals and substances necessary for the normal development of the plant are washed out of it. It is advisable to do top dressing by watering at the root every other week.
- For mineral plant nutrition, it is recommended to make a solution by mixing a matchbox of ash and a liter of water.
- The recommended nitrogen supplement consists of bird droppings fermented with water or a mullein (1:10). But, taking into account the unpleasant smell when using such fertilizer in the kitchen, you can do with any store fertilizer for indoor plants. Usually in such mixtures are present all the necessary chemical elements of the plant (zinc, magnesium, calcium and nitrogen, etc.).
Time for sowing
Almost all varieties of savory are cold-resistant, they can be planted as seeds immediately in open ground. It is only necessary to wait for the earth to warm up by 10-15 centimeters to at least 5-6 degrees of heat.
However and small night frosts spice will easily transfer. Usually the plant is sown in open ground in late April-early March. Конечно же, в южных регионах эти сроки наступают немного раньше — там почва прогреется уже к концу марта.
Но вот в северной части России лучше использовать рассадный способ. Для этого семена высевают в помещении где-то в конце марта, а уже в начале июня переносят в открытый грунт.
However, there are some varieties that react painfully to frosty nights, so they are better planted near the end of May. Information on frost resistance is usually indicated on the package.
Savory: harvesting home-grown
When the branches of an adult plant reach 20-30 cm, they are pruned and cut. It is better to harvest the spice before the flowering of the plant, during this period the branches and leaves smell particularly spicy. When cutting, leave the penetes at 5 cm for the subsequent growth of greenery. If you have several pots of chabra, cut 2-3 sprigs from each pot. Then fresh spice on the window will grow constantly. After pruning the plant, water and feed. If savory grows wildly and you do not have time to use it green, dry greens for the future. For such an emergency pruning, the spice is not completely cut, half of the plant is left for fresh consumption.
The savory has a spicy, pleasant aroma, and the cultivation of the plant is not particularly complex. The spice itself grown, no doubt, will give your dishes a unique taste. What to do when there is no problem, but there is a desire to sow and grow spicy plants? Even in a small apartment you can make a herb garden.
After all, with all the variety of store spices, your garden on the window or balcony will not only add flavor to the food being prepared, but also decorate your home and lift your spirits to you and your loved ones.
Planting in open ground
Collecting your seed is not always possible. However, despite the fact that the plant is an annual, it often grows and the next year. This is due to the fact that the seeds fall out of the bolls (usually this process happens in mid-September) and are sown independently. To avoid this, you need to have time to cut the spicy twigs before the start of this process - in August.
So, the acquired seeds need to soak before planting.
- To do this, they can be wrapped in gauze fabric and immersed in a container with water for a day, or you can simply moisten gauze, fold it in several layers and spread the seeds on it. But only in this case the gauze will need to be constantly sprayed so that it does not dry out.
- Thus, the seeds must also lie down for 24 hours.
After soaking the seeds should be allowed to dry naturally.
At this time, preparing the site. It must be cleaned of weeds, otherwise the seeds will not pass. The soil should be fed as described above..
Next, the seed is placed in the ground.
- To do this, prepare the grooves with a depth of no more than 3 centimeters and carefully watered.
- It is necessary to fill in so that in the grooves turned swamp, but before landing it should dry out a bit.
- It is advisable to sprinkle seeds not with soil, but with humus.
The first shoots should appear within 10-15 days.
Consider how to grow seedlings. Seeds are usually sown in mid-March. For this, it is best to purchase a ready-made substrate intended for growing indoor plants. Capacity for planting can be any, but the most suitable option is peat or ordinary plastic cups. The main thing is that their volume was small. This is necessary in order not to injure the seedlings during transplantation in open ground, and move it immediately with a clod of soil. In this case, sow no more than 2 seeds in each cup.
After planting, the soil is moistened, each container is covered with a film or glass. At the same time every day the film needs to be cleaned for 15 minutes to harden the seedlings. A week before planting on a permanent place, saplings should be taken out onto the street for 10 minutes in order for the sprouts to get used to street conditions. Water the seedlings need as the soil dries.
It is possible to transfer seedlings to a permanent place already from mid-May, and in the northern regions this period is shifted a month in advance.
Transplant is performed as follows:
- grooves are being prepared on the site, equal to the size of cups,
- the wells are abundantly watered
- it will be good if a vegetable grower places a drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick into each well,
- then the seedlings are removed from the cups, for this it is better to slightly beat along the walls of the container,
- the extracted seedlings together with a lump of earth are planted in the holes and sprinkled with a small layer of humus.
Savory is a plant resistant to low temperatures. It will not die at temperatures up to 5-6 degrees Celsius. However, it will not grow. The minimum temperature at which the spice will develop - 10 degrees of heat.
The most optimal air heating for the described plant is 18-23 degrees.
If the air becomes much warmer, there is a danger that the spice will simply dry out. Therefore, in this case it is important that the soil is sufficiently moist.
Savory prefers light, open to the sun areas. In the shadows it will develop less.
The plant is not afraid of direct sunlight., if at the same time the soil will be moderately wet.
For savory it is enough to feed one per month.
- For this, humus or compost is used. It is necessary to dilute 1 kg of fertilizer in a 10-liter bucket. This bucket lasts for 1.5 square meters.
- You can also use the ash solution. For its preparation matchbox wood ash bred in a bucket of water. Consumption is the same as for manure.
After each watering you need to loosen the soil. Soil before this should shake a little. Loosening is necessary so that a dry crust does not form, which will interfere with air circulation.
Weeds are the enemies of savory. They prevent him from fully growing and developing by slaughtering the plant. Therefore, it is important to regularly get rid of unnecessary weeds. This procedure can be combined with the process of loosening.
Especially seeding at home
You can sow seeds at home at any time of the year. For this fit the finished substrate, which is sold in a flower shop. Drainage layer - a prerequisite. You can prepare the substrate yourself. To do this, take:
- 4 pieces of leafy or soddy land
- 2 hours peat,
- and 1 hour river sand.
Seeds do not sink more than 1 centimeter to the ground. You can choose absolutely any capacity for planting, even a flower pot will do.
But you need to put savory on a well-lit place, preferably away from heating appliances.
It is not necessary to flood the plant so that the roots do not rot.
How fast is growing?
Absolutely no matter how the gardener planted spice. The ripening date starts from the date of first shoots. Cut the branches of the plant can be in the case when they have reached a height of at least 30 cm. It usually takes about a month.
It is necessary to cut off so that the stumps remain about 5 centimeters, which will provide the vegetable grower with the next batch of spices. It is advisable not to allow savory to bloom, otherwise the taste will change. Therefore, you need to regularly update the plant, cutting it. If you do not have time to use it, dry in advance.