This new, undoubtedly, remarkable variety was bred by the famous Russian breeder V.V. Kichina based on the work of the English scientist Derek Jennings, who discovered the raspberry large-scale gene, thus paving the way for the creation of varieties with very large fruits. Our hero is one of those.
Senator - raspberry medium ripening with the beginning of fruiting in July.
The berry is beautiful, elongated-conical in shape, with small drupes, orange-red with gloss of color and spectacularly surprising size - an average weight of 7-12 grams, but some copies go up to 15!
Despite the average density, the berry does not crumble when picked up from the fruit tree, has good transportability and lezhkost, and can also hang on a bush for some time without loss of commercial quality.
On numerous laterals (fruit branches), 20–40 berries grow on each, which provides very good yield of the variety - up to 4.5 kg from a bush (up to about 1 kg from 1 shoot).
Separately, I would like to note the real sweet "raspberry" taste and aroma of the fruits of the Senator, which is important with such a large size.
Due to its taste, berries are widely used in cooking, suitable for processing and freezing, and of course, fresh use!
Ease of care and gathering especially facilitates the fact that the upright strong (up to 1.8 m tall) shoots have no thorns at all, and no support or trellis is necessary. Fruit twigs are covered with large, wrinkled foliage. Plants are frost-resistant, can withstand up to -35 ° C, when lowering the temperature below, it is desirable to bend down and cover the shoots. But, of course, it is better to do it right away in the fall, in order to avoid worries about the future harvest.
The senator is also resistant to the most common raspberry diseases. Due to the combination of such characteristics as winter hardiness, longevity and transportability, high yield, excellent taste and a very large size of berries, our hero becomes well suited for both farms and for ordinary summer cottages.
There is a small spoon of tar in a barrel of honey - the fruits are very often double, the so-called “chimeras”. And also, in comparison with the latest foreign varieties, for example, with the same Glen Dee, similar in maturity, the Senator loses. Well, the thing here is to plant it yourself and come to your own conclusions, but this species will definitely not be a bad one!
Description of the raspberry variety Senator:
- medium maturity,
- height up to 1.8 m
- lack of thorns,
- slightly sprawling bush
- smooth and powerful shoots
- high ability to form shoots
- 10-12 berries ripen on each shoot.
Characteristic of Senator berries:
- large size
- red-orange color
- shiny surface
- conical raspberry shape
- sweet and sour taste
- average weight up to 7-12 g, maximum - 15 g,
- thick flesh.
The yield of the Senator variety reaches 4.5 kg of berries from a bush. Fruits are easily removed from the bush, do not crumble after ripening, not prone to decay. Variety Senator belongs to the winter-hardy, without shelter is experiencing winter frosts down to -35 ° C.
Fruits tolerate transportation, suitable for freezing and processing. Raspberries are used to make jam, jams, compotes, and also use fresh berries.
When buying raspberry seedlings, Senator should contact nurseries. Quality seedlings have a developed root system and several shoots with buds.
If the raspberry Senator is planted on the site, the variety is propagated in any of the following ways:
- root suckers
- division of the bush.
In the spring, root shoots are selected with a height of up to 10 cm and separated from the bush. Plants are transplanted to a separate bed, provide them with regular watering. Autumn raspberries transferred to a permanent place.
For reproduction of raspberry, the Senator takes the rhizome by cuttings and divide it into strips 8 cm long. Cuttings are planted in trenches, covered with earth and watered abundantly. During the season shoots will appear, which are transplanted to the selected place in the fall.
At one place raspberry Senator grows no more than 10 years. When transplanting new plants are obtained by dividing the uterine bush. The sections are treated with charcoal, then the material is planted in the ground.
Raspberry Senator prefers illuminated places that are not exposed to wind. Yield and the taste of berries depend on access to sunlight.
Under raspberry decoy flat area. In the lowlands often accumulates moisture, which adversely affects the development of shoots. At elevation, the soil dries faster.
Raspberries are not grown after strawberries, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants. The best predecessors are representatives of legumes and grains. When growing raspberries on a plot, a replanting of the crop is permissible no earlier than after 5 years.
Before planting the culture, it is recommended to grow siderats: lupine, phacelia, rye, oats. 2 months before the work, the plants are dug up, crushed and buried in the ground to a depth of 25 cm. Siderats enrich the soil with useful substances.
A month before planting, they dig up the plot. 6 kilograms of compost and 200 g of complex fertilizer per 1 sq. M. m
Raspberry varieties Senator planted in autumn or early spring. When planted in late September, the plants will have time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of cold weather. The sequence of work does not depend on the selected landing time.
Planting Raspberry Senator:
- Under the bushes prepare trenches or planting holes with a diameter of 40 cm and a depth of 50 cm.
- Plant roots are placed for 3 hours in a growth stimulator.
- Part of the soil poured into the pit, put a raspberry seedling on top.
- The roots are covered with soil, compacted and left around the plant for watering.
- Raspberry plentifully watered.
Young plants are demanding of moisture. Landings are watered, and the ground is mulched with straw or humus.
Raspberry Senator provide the necessary care, which is watering, feeding and pruning. Plants react positively to the introduction of organic matter and mineral solutions into the soil. To protect the variety from diseases and pests spend spraying bushes.
High cold resistance allows the raspberry Senator to endure winter frosts. Autumn care is preventive pruning shoots.
Regular watering provides high yield varieties Senator. However, the stagnation of moisture leads to decay of the root system, which does not gain access to oxygen.
In accordance with the description of the raspberry, the Senator does not tolerate drought. With a prolonged absence of moisture, the ovaries fall, and the fruits become shallow and lose their taste.
For irrigation use warm water, which is settled in barrels. Raspberry Senator is watered in the morning or evening period. On average, moisture is applied every week. In hot weather requires more frequent watering.
After making moisture loosen the soil and weed weed. Mulching of soil with humus, peat or straw helps reduce the frequency of watering. In the fall, produce abundant watering, helping the plants to winter.
When using fertilizers while planting raspberries, the Senator is provided with nutrients for 2 years. In the future, the plants are fed annually.
In early spring planting poured slurry. The fertilizer contains nitrogen, which helps to grow new shoots. In the summer of nitrogen fertilizing is better to abandon, to ensure fruiting.
In the summer, raspberry Senator is fed with superphosphate and potassium sulphate. At 10 liters of water measure 30 g of each fertilizer. Plants are watered with the solution obtained during flowering and the formation of berries.
Universal fertilizer for raspberries - wood ash. It contains potassium, phosphorus and calcium. Ashes are added to the water the day before watering, or buried in the soil during loosening. In the summer of planting, you can feed the bone meal.
According to the description of the variety and photo, Raspberry Senator is a tall plant. To keep the shoots from falling to the ground, a trellis is installed in a raspberry jam. When located on a trellis shoots evenly illuminated by the sun, planting does not thicken, simplified care of plants.
The procedure for the construction of the tapestry:
- Along the edges of the rows with raspberries install supports made of metal or wood up to 2 m high. You can use iron pipes and rods of small diameter.
- If necessary, put additional supports every 5 m.
- Between the supports pull the wire at a height of 60 cm and 120 cm from the surface of the earth.
- The shoots are placed on the trellis in the form of a fan and fastened with string.
In the spring at the raspberry, the Senator pruned frozen branches to healthy buds. Broken and dry shoots also eliminate. Up to 10 branches are left on the bush, the rest are cut out at the root.
In autumn, two-year-old branches are removed, on which the harvest has ripened. The procedure is better not to delay and hold after harvesting the berries. Then until the end of the season on the bushes will release new shoots.
Diseases and pests
Raspberry varieties Senator resistant to major diseases of the culture. With timely care, the risk of developing diseases is reduced to a minimum. Raspberries are regularly eliminating weeds, pruning old and diseased shoots.
Raspberries are attacked by gall midges, aphids, weevil, spider mites. For pests use chemical preparations karbofos and Aktellik. Treatments are carried out before the beginning of the growing season and at the end of the season.
In the summer, for preventive purposes, raspberries are sprayed with infusions of onion peel or garlic. To keep the product longer on the leaves, you need to add chopped soap. Pests are also deterred by spraying wood ash or tobacco dust.
For raspberry, Senator is characterized by good berry flavor and high yield. Fruits have a universal use, are stored for a long time, suitable for freezing and processing. Care of a grade. The senator means regular watering, as the plant does not tolerate drought. Several times during the planting season, they are fed with minerals or organic matter.
The author of goats is a small straight kitchen design photo. V., photo of the author, title. Photo nedyalkov with. F. Malina is a valuable berry, beloved by all. No modern garden can do without raspberries. Abundantly fruiting raspberry bushes with large berries not only bring an enviable harvest, but also very decorative.
A very attractive plant, which is very popular among gardeners so-called "raspberry tree". This is a standard raspberry, growing in the form of a straight-growing tree (height 1.5-2 m) with a thick stem.
Repair raspberry is valued by gardeners for the duration of fruiting, providing berries from early summer until the end of the garden season.
I want to introduce gardeners with new promising raspberry varieties tested in my own garden. Valuable raspberry varieties. “Hussar” is one of the best varieties in the “golden series of the Kazakov raspberry” (Professor I.
Kazakov brought in Bryansk high-yielding varieties of raspberry "runaway", "Indian summer", "freemen", "overexposure", "companion", etc.). The bush gives little overgrowth, abundant fruits. Raspberry mid-ripening.
The berries are large (up to 10 g), juicy, dark ruby-colored, slightly elongated.
This variety is frost resistant and disease resistant. Raspberry "hussar" will be a worthy decoration of your garden. “Arbat” - a raspberry of professor's selection in. V. Kichina. The variety has completely smooth, bearingless stems.
The berries are large and very large (4-12 g), elongated and conical, of a beautiful "chiselled" shape, dark red, shiny. Removed from the stem without fractures, dense, well withstand transportation. "Golden giant" - an improved sort of yellow giant.
The berries are large, juicy, amber color. In winter, it is desirable to bend the stems so that they wintered under the snow.
"Tarusa" - a crimson tree. This group of powerful varieties of professor in.
V. Kichina gives the opportunity to grow raspberries without a trellis and stakes, without pruning. The berries of this variety are elongated, large, weighing up to 16 g. The taste of berries is sweet, with a pleasant “raspberry” aroma, with juicy melting pulp and few small seeds. Berries are suitable for fresh consumption and for all types of home processing.
This plant is called a raspberry tree for powerfully developed shoots and a bush as a whole. The raspberry tree “Tarusa” is one of the most fruitful varieties of raspberry pictures: love of a girl and a guy. "Giant" - a new variety of raspberries, bearing in mind, with especially large berries. The weight of the berry reaches 25 g. The shrub gives very little growth. Productivity of 8-12 kg from a bush.
This unique variety, desired for gardeners, is the real pride of Russia!
“Indian Summer” is a popular variety of raspberry rebuilding. The first harvest comes at the end of June and the beginning of July and bears fruits until frost. "Apricot" - remontant raspberry with beautiful orange berries, with a taste of apricot. This variety is more abundant than the "Indian Summer".
I believe that the "apricot" can replace the yellow raspberry, as this variety is more frost-resistant and unpretentious. “P-34” is an unrivaled variety of professorial large-fruited raspberries by Professor c. V. Kichina. In this class, the second fruiting is shifted to an earlier date, which allows you to collect more berries before frost.
“Ruby giant” - an improved grade of patricia (Professor V. Kichin).
Early ripening. The berries are very large, sweet, conical shape. “Raspberry from Sweden” - forms large bushes up to 3 m high. The berries are large, round, dense, sweet. In brushes for 18-20 berries.
Growing fruitful raspberries. Raspberry has a simple agricultural techniques. For the cultivation of high-yielding raspberries, you must follow two rules: 1. In May, cut off excess offspring. 2
Make a double pruning in the summer.
The first in June, when raspberry bushes reach a height of 1.5 m (they need to cut the tops at a height of 1-1.2 meters).
The second in July (prune the lateral twigs). With this pruning force of the roots of raspberry will be directed to the bookmark of fruit buds, and not on the growth of shoots and leaves. It is erroneous after wintering, in the spring to trim the tops of the long stalks of raspberry.
Double pruning is not suitable for standard raspberries and yellow, which you need to bend down for the winter. A good agricultural application for raspberries is to put a mixture of humus with peat around the bushes (15 cm layer). In this case, moisture is better preserved in the soil all summer, nutrients are supplied to the roots.
Before mulching all the weeds, of course, must be removed. Raspberry is very responsive to making manure. Buying quality seedlings. I want to warn gardeners from possible deception when buying seedlings.
There are enterprising businessmen who dig up fruit trees and shrubs in the abandoned garden plots (raspberries, currants, honeysuckle, cherries, plums and other pictures. Russia is my birthplace)
) and driven to the market, inventing the names of varieties. In order not to be deceived, buy seedlings only from people who have a nameplate (token), which shows the full details of the seller (f. I. O, address, passport number). In this case, the person is responsible for the plants sold.
If there is no such idea of the owner of the planting material, whatever you are told and promised, don’t believe it! You are at great risk if you buy seedlings not in a nursery from specialists, but from sellers "off the big road." Everywhere implement planting material on the roadsides.
Very often, roadside seedlings are sold by people who are far from agriculture and who are seeking only to get an easy profit.
Vyksa fruit and berry nursery offers seedlings of the newest high-yielding varieties of raspberry, raspberry and other plants that will delight you with high yields and tasty fruits, decorate your garden.
Large selection of frost-resistant varieties: apples, pears, currants, grapes, cherries, honeysuckle, blackberries, gooseberries. Ornamental and medicinal plants, seeds of vegetables and flowers are sold. Our planting material is grown on organics, without the use of chemistry.
Saplings have an excellent root system, providing one hundred percent survival. Plants are strong, 2-3-year-old, easily tolerate transportation and transplant. We send saplings and seeds by mail. Nursery's address: 607060 Nizhny Novgorod region , Vyksa, st.
Nekrasov 43 tel.
Yellow giant - medium early variety, recommended for cultivation in the North-West region. The bush is powerful, the branches are vertical. Spikes cover them entirely. Winter hardiness is average. The variety rarely suffers from diseases and pests. Longevity and transportability is not different.
The raspberry variety Yellow Giant is one of the most popular non-standard color varieties among gardeners.
The weight of the berry is 1.7–3.1 g, individual specimens are up to 8 g. The flesh is very tender, sweet and fragrant, although the professionals have given the taste a score of 3.4 points. Productivity - about 4 kg from a bush. Fruiting begins in the last decade of July and lasts until September.
Golden Autumn is a mid-late variety with no restrictions on the growing region. Shrubs up to 1.8 m, slightly sprawling. Thorns cover only the base of the shoots. Berries weigh an average of 5 g, some up to 7 g. The flesh is not too dense, sweet-sour, the aroma is very thin. Score tasters - 3.9 points.
Golden Autumn raspberries can be planted in most parts of Russia
Yields - 2-2.5 kg. Immunity is there, but it is not absolute. Морозостойкость на уровне -30 ºС.
Малину Золотые купола советуют культивировать в Центральном регионе. Сорт из категории ремонтантных. Куст высотой 1,3 м или чуть более, раскидистый. Шипы покрывают побег по всей длине, но их сравнительно немного. Эта малина демонстрирует неплохую устойчивость к болезнетворным грибкам (антракноз, пурпурная пятнистость) и вредителям.
Малина сорта Золотые Купола обладает неплохим иммунитетом
Ягоды весят по 3,8 г. As it ripens, the pale yellow color gradually changes to apricot. The flesh is sweet, with subtle sourness. Productivity - about 2 kg from a bush.
Raspberry varieties: simple, yellow, large-fruited, descriptions with photos, which is better to choose for Belarus, Ukraine, the middle band, the Black Soil Region, Siberia
Raspberries are a berry that both adults and children love. It is very difficult to find a backyard that does not have at least a few bushes. Care of plantings will not require anything supernatural from the gardener. But first you need to choose the right grade, otherwise all efforts will be wasted. In addition to the "traditional" all the familiar red raspberries, there is still black and yellow. Some prefer the varieties tested by time, others prefer to plant new items, just appeared on sale.
Orange miracle - remontant variety of medium ripening, suitable for cultivation in most parts of Russia. The shrubs are low (1.5–2 m), powerful, the shoots are strongly under the weight of the crop. Drought and heat tolerates the variety well.
Raspberries varieties Orange miracle fruits until the first frost
Berries are large, weighing 5.5 g, some gain a mass of 10 g or more. The pulp is aromatic, sweet and sour, dense. Tasters rated the taste by 4 points. The warmer the summer is, the sweeter and brighter this raspberry is. The average yield of 2.5 kg. Fruiting begins in the last decade of July and does not stop until frost.
The main “trick” of Amber variety is an unusual honey-yellow or amber shade of berries. The bush is high (2–2.5 m), but rather compact. The average weight of the berries - 4 grams, the taste is very pleasant dessert. Productivity - up to 3 kg.
Raspberry varieties Amber well transports transportation
Variety from the category of remontant, in terms of ripening crop srednepozdny. Provided competent agrotechnology practically does not suffer from diseases and pests. It is characterized by good transportability, which, in principle, is not typical for yellow raspberries.
Sweet Yellow - a variety from the category of medium. Berries are large (3-6 g), pale yellow. The flesh is soft, very fragrant. Sprawling shrubs, up to 1.5 m, without thorns. Radical shoots and shoots of replacement are formed quite actively. The variety has good immunity and frost resistance, sufficient when cultivated in central Russia.
Having ripened, raspberry varieties Sweet yellow stays on the bush for a long time
Patricia is an excellent fruitful variety of large-fruited raspberries. I grow up since 2001. In my conditions, the berry weighs 10–12 g. Shoots up to 2 m high and more, require pruning and trellis. Productivity - up to 100 kg per hundred. The beginning of ripening is June 15–20. It does not have thorns.
I took a variety of Brusvian in the eponymous nursery, two bushes. One, however, ruined overflow. The survivor gave a small crop. So what about the yield can not judge. But the taste is excellent, tastier than the berries have not yet tried. But it breeds very tightly - there are practically no shoots.
If it is yellow, then Apricot is a remontant variety, I also saved it. Sweet berry, especially children like, and adults are not averse to eat. Yellow varieties are always sweeter, only less varietal diversity. With many varieties, unfortunately, I had to say goodbye - later fruiting and stretched terms - Monomakh's cap, Diamond ... You will not wait for berries. The desire is to check the grade Atlant.
I would not agree with enthusiastic reviews about the Yellow Giant. Not a bad grade, but not oh-oh! Low winter hardiness, damage from the mosaic of leaves (with poor mosaic care there is no, but the harvest is corresponding), rather low yields, a sharp drop in the size of the berry (at first they were “sausages” weighing up to 17 g, and now round berries times less). Not transportable, that is mainly suitable for home use. It is badly bought in the market because of yellow color, and they say: what kind of raspberry, if it is not red (stupid delusion). Advantages: an unusual taste, sweet in a sharply continental climate (it needs a lot of sun), a small ambience, it bends easily, reproduces well, does not suffer from overgrowth.
I grew Cumberland raspberries, but there is no particular taste in it. The berries are small and bony, it takes a lot of space, it needs a constant garter (if not tied up, it also strives to take root by the top of the shoot in the most unexpected place), very prickly, it grows more than 3 meters high, and there is little harvest. For raspberry was set aside the best part of the garden. I watched her for a year, two, three, then I dug up everything. So, Cumberland is an amateur. In jam, it is terribly bad: there is no flavor, huge bones, no taste, so they add red classic raspberries, without red and jam will not work. Conclusion: the taste and color (and hereinafter).
Saplings of this beautiful variety appeared in my farm about 10 years ago. I must say that the size of the berries, their taste, winter hardiness and resistance to diseases of the Aborigine fully justified and even exceeded all expectations. Stunningly large berries weighing 6–8 g. As promised: “The shape of the berries is conical, the color is bright, light red. Berries are dense, pleasant sweet-sour taste, fragrant. Drugs when eating is not felt. The variety produces stable and solid yields. The consistency of the berries is dense, which allows you to transport berries over long distances without degrading product quality. Powerful shrub height from 1.5 to 2 m, straight-growing, average maturity. Forms 5–8 shoots of substitution and 3–4 shoots of shoots that, to our delight, do not “run” to other beds. Winters without shelter.
In addition to personal preferences, the choice of a particular raspberry variety for a garden plot is determined by many factors. This frost, and yield, and the dimensions of the bush, and the taste of berries. Each species has its own advantages and most often is not without certain disadvantages. They need to be familiarized in advance in order to make the right choice and plant on their own plot the variety that best manifests itself in the climatic and weather conditions characteristic of the area.