Most of the plants of the Iris family are too large to grow in pots, but there are several dwarf irises that are great for keeping at home. They all grow from rhizomes, which must be planted in early autumn, so that the irises bloom in late winter or early spring.
Plant 6-8 rhizomes in a 12 cm pot or bowl, filling the rhizomes with soil.
Irises do not need to be kept in the dark after planting in pots - a cold, bright place, such as a shaded window sill, will do. When the plants are ready to bloom, move the pot to a well-lit place. Be careful not to overfeed dwarf irises, as in this case they will have a lot of offspring, but there will be no flowers.
Iris species: Iris reticulata. Iris danfordiae, Iris bakeriana and Iris histriodes.
Conditions of maintenance of irises
Illumination: during the period of growth provide moderate lighting, during flowering - full. When the plant blooms, shade it from direct sunlight.
Temperature: during the period of growth, keep planting at a temperature of 4-7 degrees; during flowering, make sure that the temperature does not exceed 13-16 ° С.
Irises watering: After planting the rhizomes, soak the soil mixture with water, then water the plant once a week to maintain the soil moisture. During the flowering period, water 2-3 times a week.
Air humidity: keep the plant cold and dry. Do not spray it.
Irises top dressing: if you plant a rhizome to grow it for subsequent plantings, then every 10 days apply liquid fertilizer for indoor plants, diluted to the recommended concentration by the manufacturer. Start feeding when flower buds form, and stop when the leaves die off.
Soil for irises: clay soil mixture for indoor plants or a special fibrous substrate for bulbous.
Features care for toffee
Dwarf irises are easy to maintain and grow well in pots or bowls. Stems grow to a height of 10-20 cm and in late winter or spring bloom with purple or blue flowers, often with white specks. After flowering is over, cut the flowering stems, leaving the foliage. Gradually reduce watering. Remove the yellowed leaves, remove the rhizome, separate all offspring and save the parent rhizome for subsequent planting in the early fall in a pot or in the open ground. If you have a dacha plot, the scions of an iris can be planted in the garden, and they will bloom in 2-3 years.
In nature, the Hirites prefer elevations, rocky, hilly terrain. Grow on the soil with calcareous rocks. They can often be seen among the cracks in the stones. The plant was first described a long time ago - almost two centuries ago. But then it did not become widespread, not interested florist.
The apartments began to be grown relatively recently. Thanks to the work of breeders, there are already many hybrid varieties with a diverse shape of flowers, leaves and their color. The genus Khirita (lat. Chirita) belongs to the family of the Gesneria and includes three groups of plants: chirits, microhirit, and gibbasoskusy.
Flower growers show increased interest in gibbosakkus. Outwardly, they resemble homemade violet. The compact bush in the form of a cap is decorated with flower stalks with flowers-bells. The main colors are yellow, lilac, white, pink. Leaves of different shapes depending on the variety, pubescent or smooth, green or variegated. Often called primulina.
About 150 plant species grow in nature. Among them are grassy annuals and perennials, miniature plants with 1-2 leaves. As the indoor flower, the chirit is represented by a number of interesting hybrid varieties.
- Hirita Chinese (Chirita sinensis). The representative gibbosakkusov. The plant is miniature, not higher than 15 cm. The socket is dense. Oval, with a sharp tip at the tip of the leaves sitting on small petioles. The color of the leaves is green with silvery stains. Pubescent with light nap. Flowers up to 4 cm lilac color. It is also called silver silver.
- Hirita Tamiana (Chirita tamiana). Sockets are miniature, similar to Saintpaulias. The leaves are rounded with a slight tapering at the end. Characterized by dense pubescence. Peduncles long relative to the flower. On each peduncle blooms up to 7 flowers-bells. White flowers in the throat spots lilac hue.
- Hirita lavender (Chirita lavandulacea). One-year representative of microhirit. Height to half a meter, stem pubescent, straight. Elliptical leaves are densely structured opposite. The flowers are small, lavender.
- Khirita linear leaves (Chirita linearifolia). A miniature plant with thick rosettes of hard and narrow leaves. A gradual subsidence of the lower leaves with the formation of a thick woody short stem is characteristic. Stem lightly branched. An adult plant resembles several small intergrown palms. Flowers are large, collected in several pieces on a long peduncle.
No special conditions do not create. Hirity feel great next to most unpretentious indoor plants.
- Temperature. In summer, it prefers moderate heat of 18-22 ° C. In winter it can grow at the same temperature, but it is better to lower it to 15-18 ° C. From the cold window-sill to the winter clean.
- Lighting. The light is bright, diffused. In a heat pritenuyut from the sun. In winter, they illuminate with phytolamps. Long daylight throughout the year stimulates abundant blooms. For the flower choose the western or eastern sill.
- Watering. Between irrigation the soil is allowed to dry completely. Watered moderately, carefully. Short drought endure withstand, from waterlogging begin to hurt. In winter, watering is minimal - keep the soil slightly moist.
- Feeding. Use complex fertilizers for senpoly. Bring them from mid-spring to early fall. At other times, do not feed. Excess fertilizer adversely affects the condition of the plant. After transplanting to fresh soil, fertilizers are not applied for 2 months.
- Humidity. Optimum humidity - 50%. They put up with low humidity, do not require spraying.
- Transfer. In the spring, as needed. The pot is taken small, well drain the soil. As they grow, transhipments are carried out in a slightly larger tank. In large, spacious pots, the Hirites do not bloom. The life of the flower is small. Old specimens are cut into cuttings to obtain new young plants.
- The soil. Use soil mixture for senpoly. The mixture itself consists of peat, coarse sand, leafy soil and sod.
When growing irises from rhizomes, it is necessary to feed the plant once every ten days. As fertilizers use liquid fertilizers intended for indoor plants. Dosage is applied as indicated in the instructions. The first feeding is carried out when the buds begin to form on the plant. When the leaves start to die off, they stop feeding.
The best thermal regime for a flower is from 18 to 24 degrees. In winter, the plant is enough and 15 degrees. Hirita is a plant whose conditional period of rest: when it is cool, its activity slows down, when it is warm, it grows and blooms throughout the winter. It is not necessary to create special conditions for a cold wintering.
In order to have more moisture in the surrounding space, the flower can be placed on a pallet where expanded clay or wet peat is poured. It is not necessary to spray the Hiriti fluffy leaves, it will start to hurt.
It is worth watering the indoor beauty only when the upper ball of soil becomes dry. Waterlogging does not tolerate the flower - the roots rot and die, but the small “drought” hirite is quite capable. This quality gives the plant fleshy hard leaves. Optimal use of lower watering - so the water does not fall on the foliage. If chirite is contained in winter conditions - water less often.
Soil for chirith is a mixture of deciduous and sod land with sand in proportions of 2: 1: 0.5 or a mixture of sod, leaf, humus soil with sand - 3: 2: 1: 1. It is not bad to add charcoal to the soil, as well as to drainage, which will draw off excess moisture that is unnecessary to the plant. You can take ready-made compositions for Saintpaulia.