Rats are adapted to life alongside people who for some reason are not happy about it. Very quickly, rodents learn space in utility rooms, buildings for pets and poultry - in general, where it is warm and in winter and there is always something to profit.
Fighting rats in a chicken coop is complicated by the fact that rats eat chicken food with great pleasure, and it is dangerous to use poison, because a bird can be harmed.
Why do rats have to be fought
Hardy, intelligent, cunning animals with sharp teeth survive in almost any conditions, and in a building that contains poultry, conditions for rats are almost perfect. Warmly, the food is fresh every day, the chickens never attack, the rat menu is diversified with raw eggs and even tender young chicken.
For rats, even brickwork is not an obstacle, and even boards, drywall and foam plastic are even more so.
In addition to being able to visibly thin out the chicken population, these large rodents are carriers of dangerous diseases, including plague, salmonellosis and rabies.
Ultrasound in the fight against rodents
If you keep up with the times, the question of how to get the rats out of the hen house suggests an answer - ultrasound.
Modern devices emit ultrasonic waves that negatively affect rats, causing them to panic, but are not perceived by humans. In any case, manufacturers say so.
There are many models of repellers, with different levels of radiation power. They can emit both ultrasonic and electromagnetic waves that can get rid of rats in a couple of weeks, but ...
Firstly, a socket must be installed in the chicken coop. Low-power device with batteries will not give the desired effect. Secondly, the device should work around the clock. Thirdly, it needs to be positioned in a certain way.
According to reviews, professional devices operating from the network in the range of ambient temperatures from -40 to +80 ° C, in particular the Russian "Tornado 800", can remove rodents from a large chicken coop of up to 800 square meters. m
The universal “Grad A-1000 PRO + +” with the ability to adjust power, which is recommended for use on poultry and livestock farms up to 1000 square meters, is also considered effective. m. The main thing is to leave the rats the way to go, so that they do not go crazy in a closed room under the influence of unpleasant sound.
Another way to get rid of rats in the hen house, without harming the bird, is glue traps. There is a special glue, for example ALT, which is applied around the edges of a small piece of plywood, in the center of which is placed a little cheese, bread or crackers.
It is necessary to establish a construction for the night in a place to which chickens cannot reach.
The composition of the adhesive is such that it should be applied in tight gloves.
Reviews of this method of catching rodents ambiguous. Many believe that an adult rat does not hold glue. And the procedure for the removal of the trap with an animal does not cause inspiration.
The same problem arises if you manage to trap a large rodent into a trap with an aromatic (cheese or lard) bait. How to get rid of the hen house from rats, offer many craftsmen, humanists who do not want to die animals. The process of catching can become infinite, going in a closed loop: caught, carried out, the rat returned, caught again, and then in a circle.
They suggest using a glass or a jar (flower pot) with a piece of fragrant bait fixed on the bottom as a trap. The vessel is tilted upside down on the edge plate. A rat in pursuit of a delicacy gets inside, pushes a piece of wood that falls, and the vessel covers the animal. It is best to install this structure on a sheet of plywood or metal, so that it is convenient to take the prisoner out of the private sector.
There is a way for non-lazy how to get rid of rats in the hen house. They dig pits of such size to fit a large milk can, and its neck with a conical part remains above the ground. A hole with a diameter of about 8 cm is made in the vessel wall so that it is above the ground. Put inside a fragrant bait, close the lid. A rat in pursuit of delicious food enters the can, from which it can not get out.
You need to know how to get rid of rats in the hen house at home with the help of drugs and acceptable poisons.
One of these remedies is the drug Goliath. Its specificity lies in the fact that the poison begins to act only after 10 days. Smart and cunning rodents during this time have time to make sure that the tool is absolutely harmless, so they eat it. The result is oxygen starvation, which causes the rats to leave the coop.
From "Rat" pests die within a few minutes. To do this, the contents of one ampoule mixed with meat or seeds.
Granulated "Ratid" is also considered effective, which does not harm the bird. Its advantage is the fact that there is an additive in its composition that contributes to the mummification of tissues, preventing this decomposition of the corpses. It means that there is no smell of decomposition and microbiological threat.
To prevent poison from eating chickens, they hide it in a special box with holes about 5 cm in diameter in opposite walls. Rats are afraid of confined space, a hole in the opposite wall convinces them that there is an exit, and they quietly eat the bait with poison. Chickens while sitting quietly on the box.
But for pets, the danger still remains. For example, cats die after eating a poisoned rodent.
Folk remedies for rodent control
In order not to risk, using poisons, you need to know how to get rid of rats in the henhouse folk remedies.
Rats love flour and sugar. Therefore, experts suggest mixing these products with lime in equal proportions, and putting a bowl of water next to this “treat”. This combination is murderous for rats.
You can use alabaster instead of lime, and even sugar is not needed. Animals quickly die from indigestion. But these funds must also be located beyond the reach of the other inhabitants of the house.
Plant lovers also know how to get rid of rats in a hen house. Autumn crocus autumn (from the lily family), blooming in summer, is very poisonous. A mixture of 10 g of plants and 200 g of seeds must be filled in places difficult for chickens.
Chilibuha seeds, from which strychnine is obtained, are mixed in equal proportions with sugar, raisins and grated stearin. The mixture is laid out near the rat holes, boiled beans are poured next to it. Rats will not be in a few days.
Rats are killed by plants such as nightshade, crow's eye, broom, and antidote aconite, if their seeds are poured into holes.
However, all these tools are also dangerous for the birds.
Natural Rat Scare
How to get rid of rats in the chicken coop, without using poison? Only scaring them away with popular means.
The most popular of these is wood ash. Rats are very clean and lick the ashes from their paws. Alkali, which is in it, irritates the stomachs of rodents, and the animals leave the inhospitable place. Crushed ash is poured on the hen house floor, and one bucket of funds accounts for 5-10 square meters of surface.
The rats have a very delicate sense of smell, and they, like all predators, cannot stand the smell of wool, scorched by fire, and try to leave the dangerous place with which they associate the smell.
Rats can not stand the smell of black elderberry, legumes, onions, wild rosemary. All these plants can be decomposed in the corners of the chicken coop.
The medicinal root root (it is eloquently called the rat race and burdock by the people) has thorns, which naturally cling to the wool. Since rats cannot get rid of spines, they leave them far away and never dig a hole near them.
Rats leave the places where they were “benevolently” fed for several days with rye crumbs soaked in vodka. The main thing is not to give them sober up and put a dainty as soon as the dishes are empty.
Animals in the fight against rodents
How to get rid of the hen house from rats, animals know. The peculiar smell with which cats mark their territory scares off rats. And Siberian cats are great hunters at the genetic level. Sphynx cats also catch rats, but, unfortunately, only on hot summer nights.
More productive hunters are dogs. And dachshunds and fox terriers do not catch poultry, unlike the bull terriers, so they can not be afraid to run into the house.
Geese and turkeys, if kept together with chickens, not only raise an alarm at night when a rat appears, but can also protect helpless layers.
Hedgehogs are designed by nature to kill rodents. Therefore, if a spiny family lives in the house, at night it will be under reliable protection.
Best of all they know how to get rid of rats in the hen house, professionals. If the invasion of rodents has become catastrophic, and other methods of struggle do not help, you need to contact a specialized company. Specialists will pick up pesticides, deratization and, importantly, remove dead rodents.
Usually it is not even necessary to evict a bird, because professional technical or chemical means are safe for it.
Specialists should be contacted, even if the pest control method chosen by someone else’s recommendation seems doubtful. Indeed, the health and life of loved ones, and not only domestic animals and birds, may be threatened.
There are many folk remedies and techniques for getting rid of rats in a hen house. It is necessary to approach their choice responsibly and carefully study the recommendations. Do not expect the invasion to take the form of a natural disaster. Rats are cautious, and if you start a fight when there are still few of them, they quickly leave the place unfavorable to life.
Under what conditions do rats appear
The likelihood of rats near the farm and around the chicken coop increases in late autumn. In summer, rodents are easy to find food among the waste and in the fields with seeding. But when the crops are already harvested and it starts to get cold, the rats are drawn to the heat, where there is water and a lot of food. Food intended for laying hens is an attractive treat for both birds and rodents. Particularly affected by the rat raids of the farm, next to which are sown fields and forests. These are barns with winter stocks, cellars, bird farms, farms.
Remember! Rats build entire tunnels underground, so protective gear must be placed not only around, but also under the chicken dwelling.
What are dangerous rats
These animals with a powerful mouth apparatus love to feast on the tender meat of chickens. Mice are not dangerous for birds because of their small size. And rats are able to strangle and drag off not only newly hatched, but also chickens of three weeks of age. These rodents sense their appearance at a very large distance from the chicken coop. If you do not pay enough attention to this issue, you can lose the whole brood.
But this is not the only problem that rats can cause. On their coat, they carry many skin parasites:
- scabies mites,
- chicken lice,
- helminth worms eggs.
Ticks, fleas, and chicken lice are more likely to inhabit and breed in chicken coops, where the basic principles for keeping birds are not followed. Namely:
- no bedding
- insanitary conditions in the cells
- insufficient space for an appropriate number of birds,
- high humidity,
- There are no special sand fillers where birds clean feathers and get rid of parasites on their own.
Skin parasites carried by rats
Ticks annoy chickens more than lice or fleas. They cause serious problems in the health of birds, which affects the skin functions and the work of the respiratory tract. This can lead to the death of birds, especially among young individuals. Some species can live on birds for years, for example, such as the mite Knemidokoptes, which affects the feet of the bird (foot scabies). The disease manifests itself as inflammation and itching on the skin of the legs.
Lice lay eggs in the feathers of birds, multiplying exponentially. Like fleas, they hide on the skin among feathers, fluffing up which you can see dark dots, similar to moles. This is chicken lice. Having multiplied, the parasites are able to completely cover the surface of the skin, so you need to get rid of them immediately.
How to rid chickens from lice
Infectious diseases that can be transmitted to humans through rats
In addition, rats are carriers of more serious diseases, such as:
- rabies. The most dangerous disease today, with 100% mortality. Leads to paralysis, if not done on time vaccine. Carriers - wild and domestic animals.
- plague. A dangerous disease that affects the lymph nodes, lungs, causes fever and sepsis. Today, this disease is very rare and can be treated thanks to the achievements of medicine, but rats are still vectors.
- typhus Causes diarrhea, headache, weakness, disorders of the heart. Symptoms are similar to intoxication. It is carried by insects and rodents.
- toxoplasmosis. Infectious disease caused by parasites. And although about 60% of the population are asymptomatic carriers of the safe form of Toxoplasma, it can manifest itself during pregnancy, causing fetal death.
- leptospirosis. The disease affects the internal organs of the person, the work of the heart, breathing is disturbed. It is fraught with serious complications. Treated with antibiotics.
- toxocarosis Parasites settled in various areas of the body, cause damage and disruption of such. Antihelmintic treatment.
From dangerous birds, these dangerous diseases are sometimes capable of being transmitted to the host, especially if he spends a lot of time in the hen house and has direct contact with everything that is there, cleans and nurses the birds, works without gloves. Pathogens are contained in the saliva and litter of rats. Ways of infection: airborne, contact and food.
Signs of rats
Anyone who has long been dealing with avian or animal husbandry, feels the presence of rats by the specific smell. Beginners should pay attention to other signs.
- Litter. Rat droppings look like mice, but they are much larger.
- New holes appeared in the wall or in the floor of the chicken coop.
- Found a strangled young individual.
- Gnawed wires or cables are observed nearby.
Important! If, for no apparent reason, an adult bird has died, it is impossible to exclude an infection, of which rats often carry it.
Prevention measures against rats
It is always easier to prevent possible problems than to look for methods to solve them later. There are a number of ways, since rats are champions of tricks in the animal kingdom. They swim excellently and penetrate holes, 4 times less than their own girth. Freely establish transitions inside pipelines, and the walls for them is not an obstacle. Earthen floors and earthen walls are often used in chicken coops, which is not an obstacle for rats. They are very smart, lively and rapidly recover their populations.
Prevention measures against rats
In order to prevent the appearance of rats near your chicken coop, you should observe a whole range of measures that will help protect your farm.
The first thought that usually comes before taking measures to protect the chicken coop from rats is poison. Enough strong, able to kill a rat, toxin kills and chicken, so this option should be considered separately, with extreme caution.
Glass and crushed stone
First of all, do not be lazy to pour finely broken glass mixed with rubble on the surface of the earth. The layer must be at least 15-20 cm, then the rats will not be able to find a loophole between the sharp edges of the glass. Do not be intimidated by the birds - finely broken glass is not able to cut the skin on their rough paws, unlike the fragile legs of rodents.
It is even safer to make a concrete foundation under the coop, also mixed with broken glass. Concrete rodents gnaw through in the state, but with glass they will not succeed. The process is not expensive and very effective.
If nothing is done
Fighting rats plays a big role in breeding chickens. They not only carry eggs and choke chicks, rats spoil the house itself. They gnaw holes in the floor and walls, and by their presence rodents give the hens anxiety.
Any farmer knows that the productivity of chickens directly depends on their comfortable maintenance. If the rats are not brought out in time, there can be no talk of comfort.
In addition, most dangerous infectious diseases are transmitted by rats. On such trifles as skin parasites, you can no longer mention. Поэтому борьба с крысами очень актуальна, если вы хотите регулярно лакомиться куриными яйцами и сохранить здоровье ваших несушек.
Folk methods of struggle
Лучший способ избавиться от проблемы, это предотвратить её появление. Therefore, when building a chicken coop, do not be lazy to pour a layer of rubble mixed with broken glass onto the ground.
From the penetration of rodents in the coop is the most reliable means. In addition, if the birds are contained in a wooden structure, the walls at the bottom can be upholstered with iron.
If during the construction of the chicken coop you neglected these measures and the rodents did get inside, you will have to fight them by other methods. You need to get rid of rats as quickly as possible, otherwise, instead of 2-3 individuals, you will have to deal with a whole bunch.
You can get rid of rats with the help of a cat.. A good fluffy hunter can save you from the "gray threat" forever.
But there is a possibility that instead of rodents, the chickens themselves may be interested in the cat, so decide for yourself whether to start such a rat trap or not.
You can try to scatter cat-like wool near the mouse holes, so that the smell would scare off rodents.
Another ancient folk method of getting rid of rats is to scatter ash on the floor of the chicken coop and near the holes. For unknown reasons, gray predators do not tolerate stove ash.
In addition, the fight against rats can be carried out with the help of some plants. You can use legumes, onions, wild rosemary. Rats frightens off the smell of these plants.
In the rat holes, you can throw the nightshade, broom, crow's eye, anti-eating aconite. These plants are used to make poisoned rodent baits. Lay out these herbal remedies should be very careful, if they get to the chickens, they may die.
The fight against rats can be carried out and quite interesting and original methods. For example, you can keep along with goose hens. Rats operate mainly in the dark when chickens see nothing and sleep. Geese are sleeping very sensitively and with any extraneous rustling can frighten off the offender.
In addition, the gander is very strong birds, so they can independently protect the hens from the rat.
For the same purpose, you can use a turkey. When a rodent appears, it will make alarming sounds.
You can make a hedgehog, it is the natural enemies of rats and mice. In addition, hedgehogs are also nocturnal animals, so the coop will be under reliable protection.
Get rid of the rats can be using the scorched wool. You can set fire to a few shreds of wool and throw them into the holes. This smell can scare off almost any predator.
You can fight with such dangerous rats with carbide. This substance is poured with water and thrown into rat holes. The interaction of carbide with water, contributes to the release of gas, which is harmless to chickens, but very dangerous for rodents. For greater safety of layers, after casting carbide, burrows can be covered with earth.
Other ways of dealing with rats
If the rats in the chicken coop pester your chickens, but you do not trust folk remedies, there are more radical and modern ways to get rid of the problem.
You can simply temporarily move the hens to another room and place traps and scatter the poison. This will help you get rats out with a 100% guarantee.
But such an effective way there is a big minus. Moving the whole chicken family is rather troublesome. It is not known how long it will take to get rid of rodents exactly.
Well help to get rid of rats various electronic scarers. They emit sound impulses that are not audible to the human ear. These sound signals cause fear and panic in rodents, so they tend to leave the dangerous territory as soon as possible and very rarely come back again.
Manufacturers claim that these devices have an effect only on rodents and are absolutely neutral to other domestic animals and birds. How this is true, judge you.
It is worth noting that electronic repellers are sold at very affordable prices. Therefore, the purchase of this device will not breach your family budget.
If you do not trust all of the above, you can use the services of professionals. To do this, dial the number of the service engaged in disinfection. They are guaranteed to help you get rid of rats.
It is worth noting that in case of a call for specialists, it is not necessary to relocate chickens All the tools and preparations used are aimed at the destruction of only one type of pest, they are absolutely harmless for domestic animals and birds.
In addition, the cost of services usually includes cleaning dead pests, which will save you from unpleasant work.
No matter what method you will fight with rats, the main thing is to get rid of them as soon as possible. So it will be quieter to you, and your hens.
The most ancient method of human struggle with rodents became mechanical traps, the designs of which were developed by a great many. Applied to chicken coops, this method looks twofold. On the one hand, he assumes that all captured rats remain in place, and do not die in the depths of the hen house, where, decomposing, spoil the atmosphere and sanitary conditions of the house. However, on the other hand, the mechanical method of rodent extermination is fraught with the risk that birds may suffer from it. Therefore, the use of this option in poultry houses is limited.
Nevertheless, there are popular mechanical methods of catching rodents that do not pose a danger to chickens:
- For example, a glass container with walls greased with vegetable oil and with a bait set on the bottom. Climbing into the jar, the animal is not able to get back because of the fact that its paws slide along the walls of the vessel.
- You can catch a rat with a flower pot, to the bottom of which a bait is attached from the inside. The pot is turned upside down, one edge of it is lifted and a coin or something similar is inserted under it. A rodent that has climbed under the pot breaks its delicate balance, the coin falls - and the pot covers the rat. A prerequisite for this method is a metal or glass surface on which the pot is installed. Otherwise, the rat can gnaw at his own move in a wooden, for example, surface and escape.
- If you cut off the neck of a plastic two-or five-liter container, put the bait inside it and place it in a position of unstable equilibrium on the edge of the table, you can get an excellent trap. To prevent the capacity from falling prematurely, the inlet opening on the table should be secured with a light load or a thin strip of adhesive tape. And so that when falling, the container does not turn over on the floor, holes should be made at the edges of the inlet and the ends of the rope passed through them, which must be secured. Having climbed into the tank, the rat violates its balance, the tank falls, being held with a rope in an upright position, and the rat cannot get out in any way.
- In the lid of an old milk can, you need to make a hole about 10 cm. Then a hole is dug in the corner of the hen house, a container is placed in it and covered with earth so that only the hole is visible. In the hole throw the bait. Climbing into the can, the rodent is no longer able to get back.
Under the biological method means the fight against a rat tribe with animals. And this is not only the "classic" enemies of mice and rats - cats, but also dogs in the form:
- fox terriers,
- bull terriers
In general, the biological method of rodent control is close to nature, environmentally friendly and practically safe for chickens. However, it cannot be used together with chemical control agents in order to avoid poisoning of animals. In addition, this method is associated with additional difficulties associated with the care of animals.
The creative human mind came up with, among other things, ultrasonic repellents for rodents. These devices generate sounds of such frequencies that are not perceived by the human ear, do not act on chickens, but in rats cause anxiety, bordering on panic, forcing them to leave suspicious territory. A lot of similar devices, which have proven their efficiency, have been designed, as evidenced by the market. The most popular models of repeller consumers today are:The difference between them lies in the power of the emitted ultrasound, the degree of its regulation, the presence of a timer that turns on the device unexpectedly for pests. Scarers constantly change the frequency of ultrasound, so that rodents do not get used to it. The devices are located, as a rule, at a height of one and a half meters from the floor and are oriented towards the center of the hen house or the detected rat holes.
Most pest controlists believe that chemical poisons are most effective and easy to use: spread out, they say, toxic chemicals in secluded places, and expect a positive result. But the reality is not so simple.
For example, aeration, which is carried out:
- phosphorous hydrogen,
- carbon monoxide.
It is much easier to handle baits containing toxic substances. They smell attractive to animals, but after eating, they kill rats very quickly. The method, which really looks efficient and convenient to use, still harbors two important problems:
- most of the pesticides are dangerous for rats and for humans too,
- toxic chemicals luring rats may look attractive also to birds, dogs, cats and even occasionally for children.
The most popular means of chemical extermination of rodents are now on sale in the form of:
- "Ratida-1"which is produced in the form of granules, of which there are 40 pieces in a pack, which is enough for processing not only the chicken coop, but also the whole house.
- "Ratida-2", containing, among other things, a substance mummifying the corpses of animals, as a result of which they do not decompose, do not spoil the air and do not violate its hygienic conditions.
- "Goliath", which is a very effective tool that shows its properties only after almost two weeks. During this period, rats continue to consume the agent, taking it for non-hazardous food. But then the animals begin to experience oxygen starvation, which causes them to leave the room and go out into the fresh air, where they are killed by death. This tool also mummifies the animal corpses.
- "Rat", which is a pesticide, which is packaged in ampoules. It acts quickly and efficiently. The contents of one of them are combined with half a kilogram of sunflower seeds and a tablespoon of vegetable oil. Eaten this bait rat dies for a couple of minutes.
In the process of centuries-old rodent control, people not only realized that rats have a very developed sense of smell, but also found plant cultures that are irritating and repulsive to this delicate sense of smell. Some of them are harmful to the bird, so they are used with caution in poultry houses. These herbal remedies are presented:
- Guest from the tropics Chilibukha, whose seeds contain poisonous alkaloids. From these seeds, in a mixture with raisins and sugar, a bait is made, into which stearin chips are added and this means is laid out in the corners of the house, sprinkling boiled beans next to them. After a few days of the pests are only unpleasant memories.
- Extremely poisonous plant is autumn crocus. For the manufacture of 0.2 kilograms of bait you need only ten grams of autumn crocus. A finely chopped plant should be added to the croup or seeds and spread the mixture at the corners of the house.
- A thin rat smell does not tolerate a mint smell, as well as the aroma of bird cherry and broom. Infusion of them must be wetted with a cloth or napkin and put into a rat mink.
- Extremely deters rodents smell of black elderberry because of the hydrocyanic acid contained in it.
- The spines of the burdock clings very tightly to the wool of the animals, causing them great inconvenience, since the rats with great difficulty are freed from them. Therefore, rodents bypass any thistle tenth dear.
Also, the increased sensitivity of rodents to:
- a rag dipped in kerosene or turpentine
- naphthalene mixed with sawdust,
- acetylene odor, which comes from calcium carbide mixed with water.
Although the person is still very far from finally defeating the rats, of which there are two times more in the world than people, in local places with proper perseverance you can free both the house and the household farm from these harmful creatures.
What rodents like to visit the coop
The bird house is a tasty target for rodents and small predatory mammals. In the hen house there is always access to fresh food, eggs and birds. Ferrets and rats pose the greatest danger when breeding chickens, they are characterized by cruelty and excessive appetite. Weasels, martens, mice and moles cause less harm, but if you do not get rid of them in time, you can lose the whole herd.
Small-sized predators are dangerous guests in the hen-house. They are distinguished by great cruelty and bloodthirstiness. If you do not frighten the ferret in time, in one visit he will be able to kill as many birds as he has enough energy. Small individuals, chickens suffer, but males can easily cope with large roosters.
Rats and mice
Small rodents gnaw through the walls of the chicken coop, if they are built from not very strong materials. Mice do not pose a great danger to birds, but they steal food and destroy litter. They are carriers of dangerous diseases such as helminthiasis, chicken lice, plague and typhoid.
Rats can sense chickens at a great distance from the house. If you do not protect the birds in time, you can lose the whole brood in just one night.
Rats are more dangerous for chickens, thanks to their powerful jaws, they eat youngsters, strangle and drag off hatched chickens that are not transferred to a brooder in time. They carry internal and external parasites, as well as carriers of infectious diseases (rabies, leptospirosis, toxoplasmosis, plague and typhoid fever)
These seemingly cute animals are a real disaster for a chicken coop. They are difficult to catch - they are small in size and inconspicuous coat color. Attacking poultry is rare, preferring to feast on small rodents. During one visit, the predator does not kill all chickens, unlike the ferret weasel will come again and again, each time taking under 1-2 birds. They are fast and agile, they are dangerous for cats and dogs.
Predators feed on small rodents, therefore they are carriers of parasites, typhoid, leptospirosis and other infections. After the attack, the birds do not survive - weasels and martens first gnaw their throats.
In ancient Rome, weasels were used as pets, as they effectively destroyed the rats and mice in the house. Later they were replaced by cats.
Getting rid of rats and mice
Prevention of small rodents should begin at the design stage of the chicken coop. A solid foundation of brick and concrete reliably protects against the appearance of uninvited guests in the house. If this moment was missed for some reason, there are reliable and proven ways to get rid of rats and mice. Ниже мы рассмотрим, как можно обезопасить кур от регулярных нападений вредителей.
Признаки появления грызунов
Определить появление крыс и мышей на ферме несложно по характерному запаху, который источает их помет и шерсть. Есть и более надежные признаки жизнедеятельности грызунов:
- в курятнике и вблизи него имеется мелкий помет, размером с зерно или горошину,
- на стенах птичника появились выгрызенные отверстия,
- утром в птичнике была найдена задушенная особь,
- the farm has damaged wires, cables and other small items.
It is necessary to take preventive measures immediately after the detection of the characteristic signs, if the rodents began to come to the farm, the attacks will become regular.
If the hen dies for no apparent reason, and all the planned vaccination was carried out on time, then infection of the individuals during the attack of the rats cannot be ruled out.
These are various mousetraps, traps and glue baits. The main task when using them is a competent arrangement, so that chickens do not accidentally get there. Most often, rodents steal eggs, so the mousetrap is better to leave near the nests. Experienced rats can bypass the molten traps. The most suitable place for a trap is the inner side of the house, near the found burrows or holes. Leave the bait at night when the birds are in the pen.
In recent years, glue traps have become very popular. The principle of their operation is that a rat or a mouse, hitting the surface with glue, cannot independently get out. After that, it can be carried away from the coop or killed.
Glue baits are ineffective against large adult rodents - they can easily get out of there. There have been cases when a rat cut off its paw to escape from the trap.
These are the most benign and safe methods of preventing the appearance of rodents in the area. Their essence lies in the use of plants, the smell of which repels mice and rats. To do this, use the mint or black elderberry fruit in the form of a decoction or fresh. They are laid out along the house, in the burrows and moves made by animals. Such methods are effective only in the early stages; it is impossible to get rid of large flocks by biological methods.
A common method of dealing with small rodents among farmers. It consists in the use of rodenticides in the form of small capsules, pouches, pastes, suspensions or gas. To lay toxic chemicals need to be careful that chickens do not get to them, as well as use personal protective equipment during work. Rats quickly adapt to certain types of chemicals, so with the regular appearance of rodents in the hen house, you need to systematically change the type of poison.
Recently popular method of rodent scaring. It is built on the fact that the hearing of animals is so acute that the impact of sound at certain frequencies is perceived as extremely painful. Such devices do not destroy rodents, but only frighten off. When installing the device, it is necessary to take into account that sound waves do not pass through obstacles - they must be mounted in an open space. Ultrasonic scarers do not cause harm to birds.
How to understand that a ferret has started
Ferrets are nocturnal animals, so during the day they can not be detected. The most reliable sign of the appearance of a predator is that chickens remain on roost when entering the chicken coop, even if they are offered food. Birds get scared of another attack, trying to climb higher.
It is easy to determine the night appearance - the animal destroys a huge number of birds, in the room you can find corpses of chickens, severed heads and other parts of the body. If the ferret at least once snuck into the courtyard, it makes no sense to update the herd, you first need to catch this dangerous animal.
How to fight
If you find characteristic signs of an attack around the chicken coop, you must install metal traps and traps.
As bait use meat or feathers, but first you need to get rid of the smell. To do this, the surface of the trap is treated with manure, hydrated lime or immersed in boiling coniferous broth for 5-7 minutes.
Ferrets are small and cautious animals, therefore the lodges on the trap must be well tuned and have a high sensitivity. It is recommended to use the traps №1.
One trap is installed directly in the henhouse when the birds are perched. At a distance of 20 cm from the floor, a newly smothered chicken is placed, and the trap itself is placed on the floor surface. The second trap is placed near the entrance to the hole, if it was found. If it is impossible to catch a rodent during the night, traps and baits should be put again.
If it is not possible to install traps, then you can use self-prepared traps. The algorithm for creating the simplest of them:
- Take a cage or a strong box, place the bait there (piece of meat, bird carcass or feathers). Secure the entrance so that when the animal gets inside it closes. After catching the pest, let it go to the forest or kill it,
- Put an attractive predator bait in the bucket. Around him at a distance of 20 cm, install disguised traps. Chances are that the animal will bypass all the traps, but after it begins to move backward with the prey in its teeth, it will fall into a trap.
When installing traps you need to be cautious, if you have a cat or a dog on the plot - they can be trapped for a ferret. Therefore, at night it is desirable to take pets into the house.
From affection and marten
They are the smallest representatives of the group predatory, found everywhere in Russia and North America. Fast and agile animals that are courageous and aggressive for small rodents and poultry. If a weasel begins to attack the coop, it will come until the entire herd is destroyed. It is necessary to fight a predator at the first sign of its appearance.
How to understand what started up
Weasels and martens are cautious animals, they are almost impossible to catch by surprise. The first few times the animals do not attack the birds - they only come to explore. Already from this point on, the hens' concern is noticeable - they become fearful, nervous and try not to leave the perch.
It is easier to determine the appearance of mustelids by characteristic traces in the form of two points located at a distance of 20-30 cm in weasel, 30-40 cm in marten. This form is due to the fact that animals move by jumping.
In the summer, it is not so easy to notice traces on the grass; therefore, experienced poultry farmers, when they find out the characteristic signs of predator attack, scatter flour around the hen house.
How can get into the chicken coop
Weasel enters the house through any available hole. This is usually a hole in the wall or foundation, which the animal can do on its own. Animals easily gnaw through rotten boards and clay. Most often the predator enters the room through rat and mouse holes, as well as the ventilation system. If you carefully do not tamp and handle the nearby soil, weasel can dig a small underground passage.
How to catch
Catching a marten or affection is a challenge even for experienced birds. They are cautious and nimble animals, which is important to consider when choosing the type and type of trap. Protect birds from uninvited guests in the following ways.
Small predators of the cornea squad hunt only at night, which complicates the process of their capture. You need to hide in the immediate vicinity of the chicken coop, and when you have a caress, throw a heavy blanket or clothes on her and then put her in a cage. In the process of work, you need to wear gloves - animals can bite through the skin of the hands, and after catching, pinch the nose of the predator and put a piece of wood in its mouth. After that, you can destroy it or take it away to the forest.
Weasels have a small body size, you need to use large mousetraps. Outwardly, they resemble a wooden box or a wire construction with a spring system and a slamming element. The bait is placed in the center, the animal can not get out of such a trap. Mousetraps must be well tuned and disguised, otherwise marten or weasel will easily avoid capture.
How do rats get into the chicken coop
A chicken coop is a special room for laying hens. In winter, it is warm and dry. Troughs full of grain, feed and laid eggs - all this attracts rats. The animals begin to hunt at night and easily enter the building through the cracks, clay floor, open manhole. Even a henhouse towering on stilts is not a problem for rats. They still penetrate there, especially since rodents easily move on an inclined surface. In the barn, pests appear in the same way as in the hen house.
Understand that there were rats in the room, you can on the following grounds:
- ammonia smell
- noise, scuffling, trampling,
- holes in the floor and walls
- excrement in the form of black small lumps,
- appearance on the bags of food and grain holes.
How rats harm layers
If small rodents appear in the chicken coop, the chickens react to them aggressively: they catch and eat. But they treat rats with caution. The bird is not able to cope with this rodent. With its appearance in the hen house, the hens become restless, the number of eggs decreases.
If you do not fight pests, trouble is inevitable:
- Rats deliver discomfort to chickens during sleep, biting scales on their paws. This causes stress in birds, and over time they will become worse to carry eggs, will gain weight more slowly.
- Rodents steal and eat eggs. Although most rats eat plant foods and cereals, this tasty product is hard for them to refuse.
- They spoil and destroy the preparations intended for hens: with pleasure they will eat grain, mixed fodder, vegetables and vitamin supplements. The roots spoiled by rats rot, and dangerous microorganisms appear in them.
- Stuffing young animals and chicks. Chickens do not always have time to help their babies, and rats easily kill chickens. Rodents do not attack adult birds.
- Destroy the chicken coop. Sharp teeth gnaw through holes and crevices in the floor.
- Spread the infection. Animals love to climb landfills and trash bins, while bringing from there pathogens that are dangerous to both birds and humans.
- Carry on their wool parasites. Penetrating into the chicken coop, rats can infect chickens with fleas, scabies, worms.
As soon as you notice traces of the stay of rats in a chicken coop or a shed, you should immediately deal with the destruction of rodents. After all, they not only undermine the health of birds and animals, but also cause damage to the room. Gnawing through holes and digging passages for their free movement, the animals destroy the structure built by man.
How to save birds and animals when using poisons
When destroying rodents with pesticides, it is necessary to remember that not only rats can suffer. Poison is of interest in chickens. They will also want to try it, so you need to decompose the poison in places inaccessible to birds and pets. The danger is poisoned rat. She can eat a cat, after which she, most likely, also die. To ensure the safety of chickens and animals, you must follow a few simple rules:
- When using poison move the hens to another house or a separate room. In a rodent shed, decompose the poison. After the death of the rats, thoroughly clean the room. Check for dead rodents under the hay. Remove the old flooring with the remnants of poison and make it clean, and only then put the birds back into the chicken coop.
- If there is no spare chicken coop, you can use another method safe for chickens. Put the poison in a wooden box, it is desirable that it has a flap lid. Punch through holes in it so that the rodent gets inside. There should be two holes, because if there is no exit from the box, the rat will not reach the enclosed space. Catching a delicious flavor, the animal will run into the box. Neither chickens nor other animals can get in and remain safe. So that the box does not fall or the birds turn over, put something heavy on it.
- Secure the chicks with a metal mesh fence. Install protection not only on the sides, but also on top.
To prevent rats from descending into a shed or a chicken coop, the following simple rules should be followed:
- It is better to use in the construction of the chicken coop bricks that can not be gnawed. Around the perimeter of the poultry house to strengthen the galvanized mesh. The floor should consist of a concrete base with the addition of fiberglass. Straw is piled on top for warming and moisture adsorption. The door to the chicken coop should close tightly.
- It is necessary to regularly air the room.
- Be sure to monitor the cleanliness in the hen house and beyond, to carry out sanitization, to take out the garbage in time.
- It is important to ensure good light access.
- It should be planted around the hen house and shed strong plants (chamomile, mint, wormwood).
- To prevent the rat from dragging the egg, the nests should be located at a height of about 40–50 cm from the floor.
- No need to leave for a long time or overnight in the henhouse stocks of feed and grain.
Try ultrasonic rat repeller. Many offers on the Internet ... according to annotations are harmless to humans and other domestic animals, except rodents. I put this. It seems gone. Now, with the help of a timer, it is switched on at night in an arbitrary mode, so that the "vagrants" rodents do not complain, and, as the manufacturer advises, that the rodents are not accustomed to ultrasound. I bought myself Chiston-2.
Better than a cat-rat catcher (or cat), did not come up with the means. Rats are so intelligent animals that even the poisoned bait can not eat. Smell that. A friend in the village cat-rat-trap. Some kind of dwarf breed, picked her on the street in the dead of winter with a little kitten. I barely left, the cat's ears and tail fell off. In the mouth there are only sticking out fangs, they even go a little behind the lip, it is clear. No more teeth. Many rat-catchers are like that. How she copes with rats that are twice as big as her, I don't understand. But she dragged all the rats in the house, now hunting in the neighbors sheds.
Old, rather cruel way. You mix alabaster with flour and place in different places on plates. Not far you put drinkers. Change bait regularly, for alabaster picks up moisture from the air. Rats willingly devour this mixture, drink water ... Cork in the intestines. Screaming scary. Other rats are leaving. The results are observed repeatedly.
Each poultry farmer takes care of their hens, their safety and tries to provide the birds with everything they need. It is important to make maximum efforts in building a reliable chicken coop, and subsequently monitor its cleanliness and carry out preventive measures in a timely manner. When rats appear in the house, it is necessary to take measures immediately, because it is easier to cope with a pair of rodents than to eradicate a whole pack. Use the method that is more accessible to you, but remember that it should not harm birds.
If there is no task of catching affection, use repellers. If the animal fails to reach the hen house several times, it will cease to stop coming to the farm. To do this, install electronic devices that produce sound at low frequencies - it is completely safe for humans and birds. A more reliable way is to install a flashlight with an electronic sensor. When approaching the animal, it will turn on, provoking it to get out of the compound.
The devices are mounted in close proximity to the chicken coop, so that they work when the predator approaches the birds.
Installation of traps is considered one of the most reliable methods of dealing with affection. They need to be placed near the entrance to the chicken coop, attaching it to the wall, as the animal after hitting can run away with it. TOUnya easily catch the smell of a person, so all elements should be treated with coniferous decoction or lime, always wear gloves during the installation of the bait. Especially effective such traps at the entrance or exit to the rat passages, through which weasels like to get into the house.
Pets are effective helpers to fight and scare away rodents and small predators. Not all cats and dogs can become hunters, but they can easily scare away uninvited farm visitors by securing chickens. Some farmers specifically train cats and dogs for this purpose.
Since ancient times, people have used cats to catch rodents. They have been trained since childhood, carried out the selection. The adult rat is a great threat to the cat; large individuals can exceed it in size and body length. It is believed that the most effective hunters are yard cats, as well as aboriginal breeds (Siberian, Siamese, European Shorthair). Females demonstrate greater efficiency in catching rats.
If your pet is bitten by a rat during an attack, you should immediately contact a veterinarian and provide the necessary assistance.
Dogs are used as an alarm because of the dexterity and small size of small predators, they are simply unable to catch them. It is desirable to arrange the booth so that the chicken coop is in sight. При появлении диких животных, обученный пес подаст вам сигнал. Некоторые охотничьи породы подходят и для ловли зверьков, например, терьеры, таксы или лайки. Рабочую собаку обучают с самого детства, она должна не только уметь обнаружить след, но и принести вам добычу.
Общие меры предосторожности
If it is wrong to use traps and pesticides, they can harm not only wild animals, but also birds, as well as your pets. When selecting and installing safety devices, simple precautions should be observed.
When working with chemicals, you must wear gloves and a mask. Rat poison is placed so that the chickens could not get it. For example, for this purpose, used wooden boxes with small holes, inside which put the poison. Rats and mice can easily climb through a small hole, and birds will not be able to get the bait. In addition, the poison can be placed on the outside of the chicken coop, if there are no pets nearby.
A well-chosen and tuned trap can tear a bird’s paw or damage its beak. Therefore, they need to be located in those places where chickens will not be able to feast on the bait. They set traps outside the house, or use special low drawers, where the birds cannot climb. Traps are laid out at night, when most chickens are already on roost, and in the morning they are cleaned.
The bait in the trap must be fresh, and all elements of the structure are pre-treated from human smell.
Sealing holes in the foundation, walls
To avoid the constant attack of rodents and small predators, it is necessary to verify the integrity of the chicken coop. All formed holes in the walls or foundation must be promptly repaired using a plaster mix, cement or clay. As a preventive measure, broken glass can be added to the composition.
Video about how to protect the chicken coop from rodents.