A lot of fruit trees are grown on the territory of our country, they each year delight us with tasty and healthy berries and fruits. Their varieties depend, naturally, on the climatic conditions of the region.
Plum is very popular in our country - it can be found in almost every yard of a private house and even on city streets. Fruit can not only eat in raw form, but also prepare them to different dishes and desserts, as well as some traditional medicines.
Plum tree "Pissardi" - fruit tree, is from the Rosaceae family, has fruits of various colors: from yellow to red, from blue to purple. Fruits have a sweet and sour taste. It is believed that the plums were bred in the Caucasus, Northern Iran and Asia Minor.
A famous scientist and botanist Pissardi brought seedlings to Europe. Currently engaged in the successful cultivation of plums gardeners in many countries, which are not only moderate, but the cold climate. A tree can grow in arid areas if it receives sufficient watering.
Grade description and care recommendations
The tree “Pissardi” of small height (no more than 12 meters, mostly 7-9 m), width up to 3 m. It has an average growth rate - it grows by 20-25 cm per year. They have an oval shape with a rather dense crown, the trunk is brown, short.
Young shoots first reddish, then darken. Leaves with a metallic luster, purple or red, shaped like an ellipse, the location leaves alternate. During the year, the color of the foliage does not change.
The fruits ripen in large numbers, are not very large (up to 30 g) was maroon with a large elongated oval bone. Medonos early. The time of ripening is the end of summer; fruits are stored on the tree until mid-autumn. The root system is superficial, fairly branched, does not form scions. Does not like soil compaction.
You may be interested in the article on how to properly dry the plum at home.
Useful article on the fast-growing variety of peach plum, you can read in detail here.
The tree is light-requiring, but a slight blackout is possible. The soil must be fertile, not overmoistened. Characterized by frost, but still the best option the landing - place, sheltered from the winter chilly winds. A delightful sight - a combination of decorative plum "Pissardi", acacia, cypress.
Profitable stands out in single landings, with her are created color compositions. Bushes can be formed and planted as hedges or borders. This variety is resistant to diseases and is almost not affected by pests. When conducting preventive spraying incidence decreases significantly.
Within the city, this variety survives and grows quite well, is resistant to the negative influence of the environment, and can also tolerate temporary dryness of the soil. The tree loves space. Lives about 30 years, but there are cases of life of 100-year-old trees.
Multiplication is possible with several options:
- seeds (can remain viable for up to 2 years),
- green cuttings
There is an interesting article on how to treat most plum diseases.
If you are interested in knowing how useful plum is for the human body, then read more about this in our article.
At the beginning of growth, seedlings grow faster (up to 400 mm per year). Please note that due to the fact that plums are rich in various macro-and microelements, they are able to bring enormous benefits to the human body. When used plums increases appetite, optimizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract, improves the work of the kidneys, heart.
Plums do an excellent job with blood purification and detoxify. They help strengthen the liver. Plum leaves are used to treat wounds and inflammations. You can also make rejuvenating masks from fruits.
Below, we invite you to watch a video about the Pissardi variety plum:
Description of the tree and fruits
The red leaf plum, or Pissardi plum was brought to Europe from Iran, and quickly became popular among gardeners.
The tree grows quite high, its maximum height can reach 12 m, but on average they do not grow more than 7–9 m. The trunk is brown, not too long. The crown is quite thick, has a spherical or oval shape. Young shoots have a reddish tint, but over time noticeably darken.
The leaves of this decorative plum have the shape of an ellipse and purple color. One of the features of this variety is that the leaves retain their exotic red color throughout the cycle. The buds of Pissardi are painted in a beautiful pale pink color, and you can see them as early as April. Over time, they bloom and small white flowers appear.
We now turn to the description of the fruits of this plum tree. They themselves are not too large, on average their weight is about 30 g, on top they are covered with a rich maroon skin. Inside you can find a rather large oval bone. Despite the fact that the fruits themselves are not too large, they ripen quite a lot, so that you can harvest a rich crop.
It is also worth considering that they plant this tree with red leaves more for the species than for the sake of tasty fruits (they do not differ in their outstanding taste characteristics). Harvesting can begin as early as the end of summer, although if you don’t hurry, it’s okay - the fruit hangs on the tree until mid-autumn.
The tree feels great in regions with a temperate climate, tolerates drought well. However, an excess of moisture has a very negative effect on the sink. In addition to moisture, Pissardi also poorly tolerates low temperatures, so it is best not to grow it in cold regions.
It is not too difficult to care for the Pissardi plum, but in order to achieve maximum results, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- watering. Water the plant must be abundant and regular. As a rule, should be watered once every two weeks. On one tree leaves from 4 to 6 buckets of water. However, remember that too frequent watering can lead to rotting of the roots, so make sure that the topsoil is completely dry, and only then water,
- pruning. Required annual procedure. Eliminating trees from broken and dried branches, you will reduce the risks of developing various diseases, as well as provide healthy branches with access to sunlight,
- top dressing. In the first year of a tree’s life, you can do without them, but then you need to fertilize it regularly. In the autumn, for example, humus is introduced, but in the spring potassium fertilizers are needed. When the plum starts to bear fruit, it is recommended to help the tree by adding fertilizer from urea,
- shelter for the winter. Considering that Pissardi is a thermophilic variety, care should be taken to ensure that the plum survives the winter. To do this, it is prepared for wintering, watering, mulching the soil, and then covering the trunk with straw or peat.