Dracaena Sander is a perennial herb. He has several names: “lucky bamboo”, “bamboo of happiness”, “Sanderiana”, “bamboo spiral” and “indoor bamboo”. The base is a tube, on the top of which grow dark green leaves 15-18 cm long.
Sander grows up to 1 meter. This flower is often used in the interior with a Japanese slope. Grown in pots with soil or water.
Many people know Dratzenu Sandera called "happy bamboo." This name comes from an interesting legend. A long time ago, a boy and a girl in love with each other lived in the same tribe. But the girl’s father, the High Priest, did not allow them to get married because the boy was a poor warrior. The young man did not give up in the fight love and came to ask for the blessing of the wedding.
Then the High Priest stuck a dry stick into the ground and ordered the young man to revive it in 5 days. The warrior watered a stick, and after a specified time, the leaves grew on a dry dead. The wedding of a beautiful girl and a brave young man took place, and this plant became a symbol of the happiness of two loving hearts.
In China, Dracaena Sander is a very famous home plant. According to the popular teaching "feng shui" "indoor bamboo" brings home happiness and health. Those people who grow this flower will have financial well-being, joy in the family and success in all matters.
Flowers Dracaena can be seen very rarely, because it blooms about once a decade. Sometimes she can give flowers and 5 years after planting. She shoots an arrow on which small drupes are formed. Their color is whitish-greenish. Fragrant flowers do not differ, but rather emit a not very pleasant smell.
Home care for the "bamboo of happiness" in the indoor environment
Dracaena Sander - unpretentious plant. It does not need special lighting. "Room bamboo" does not like direct sunlight.
Best of all he lives in good scattered light. But he Adapts remarkably well to the long absence of light., and to constant stay under an artificial source of light.Dracaena sander under artificial lighting
The shrub is somewhat modified: the intense green color will subside and the stems will stretch a bit. But the excellent beauty of the dracaena is not much affected. On the window sill Sander is better not to put. It is preferable to place it somewhere in the interior of the room. It will be an excellent decorative accent in the room.
Dracaena sander very thermophilic. It does not tolerate temperatures below 20 degrees. Feels great in the fresh air, calmly transfers drafts.
"Bamboo of happiness" loves moisture and is well grown in water. The only important condition is to maintain the correct water level: no higher than 2 cm above the upper roots of the plant. High water levels are dangerous for rotting trunks. It is necessary to add water to the container with a flower once a week. Water should be at room temperature.
When growing plants in the ground can not be allowed to dry out the earth. It should always be wet 2-3 cm inside. In the hot summer months, the flower should be watered often. In winter, watering should be fairly mild.
Air humidity for Sanderiana is absolutely not important. She lives quietly and with very dry air. Spray the plant is not necessary. If it is grown in water, it will in itself moisturize the environment. The dragon plant must be promptly removed from the dust on the leaves. Wiping with a damp cloth will benefit the flower.Bamboo happiness loves moisture
Soil and fertilizing for Sanderiana
From the beginning of spring to mid-autumn, it should be fed with special fertilizers. Once a month is enough for feeding dracaenes. Sometimes flower growers do not recommend top dressing, but without it, the plant will wither and lose its attractiveness.
You can grow dracaena in water or in a substrate. If Sander is planted in water, then for stability you can put pebbles, pebbles, or any other decorative primer in a container. Make sure that the auxiliary elements are not sharp, but with rounded edges, otherwise you can damage the roots of the plant. In addition to the decorative soil to fill the container for the flower can be coarse sand or hydrogel.
For the cultivation of dracaena in the substrate, an important condition is to lay a good drainage layer. He must necessarily overlap the roots of "indoor bamboo." As a drainage fit small pebbles, pebbles or fine sand. The rest of the pot can be filled with special soil, sand, peat, or any mixture of earth sold in gardening stores.
Usually these are beautifully shaped decanters, unusual flasks and glasses. In an ordinary pot, you can also grow a flower. Ceramic and clay containers are perfect.
Fancy Shape of Sandera
In stores it is sold with interesting twisted trunks. Such beauty is incredibly difficult to achieve at home. It is best to buy a special transparent tube of the necessary bend and place the plant in it. As it grows, the trunk will twist to form a tube. When the desired shape is achieved, the device can be removed and admire the excellent result.
There is also the option of using wire. Young shoots need to twist around the stem and fasten with wire. When they get stronger, the wire can be removed, and new stems of the plant will take the desired shape.
Pests and diseases
Usually “bamboo happiness” defies disease. But with inadequate care and polluted water, pests can start on the plant: flour worms or red spider mites. If during the inspection of the plant you find insects or small black dots on the sheets, then processing is necessary. To do this, wipe the leaves with a cloth with soapy water. Replace soil or water if contaminated. Continue processing for 4 to 5 days.
Another problem that dracaena might have is trunk decay. This happens due to waterlogging of the soil or high water level in the tank. To get rid of this scourge you need to carefully pull out the plant and cut off the rotting part. After that, plant a flower in a new ground.
How to transplant a plant
In order for the flower not to hurt when transplanting and take root in a new place, you need to observe several conditions:
- Right choose transplant season. Spring will be the right time for this important moment. Dracaena is activated after winter and begins to grow.
- To take suitable pot for transplant. It must be of sufficient size. For a small plant suitable capacity with a diameter of 15 - 20 cm.
- Prepare properly composed soil. Ideal substrate sold specifically for dratsen. But if you do not have the ability or desire to purchase it, you can make it yourself. This will require peat, humus and hardwood.
- Provide good drainage. Put pebbles or pebbles on the bottom of the pot.
If all conditions are met, you can begin planting. This procedure is not complicated enough and with the right approach is instantly executed.
Dracaena Sanderiana is ready to be planted in the ground
- A few days before the transplant stop watering the flower. It is well facilitate the work.
- Caution get a plantbut do not clear the roots of the old earth. Carefully straighten them and trim unnecessary, if any.
- Take the prepared pot (the bottom layer is drainage, the upper to the middle is the soil), put the dragon plant in it and sprinkle the remaining space with the substrate. Condense it is not necessary, the plant loves "freedom."
How to multiply dracaena
Reproduction dracaena Sandera occurs only vegetatively. There are two ways to get new plants:
- Cut the top of the trunk 10 cm long and put in a pot with moist soil or in a container with water. After 3 - 4 days the roots will develop, and a full-fledged "bamboo of happiness" will grow.
- Similarly planted stem length 7 cm with at least one kidney.
Dracaena Sander takes root in almost any conditions. Even a florist who is not aware of the rules of care can grow it. This plant will fit into your interior and bring happiness and good luck to your home.
Dracaena Sander: description of the plant
The stem of the plant is smooth, has characteristic banners, for which it is confused with bamboo. In height dracaena Sander reaches 1 meter. The leaves of the plant compared to other species of draceni are short - only 15-25 cm, variegated, green. They are dense, with a glossy surface, oblong-lanceolate, their width is up to 3 cm.
Basic view of dracaena - uniform light green, light green in color, and there are varieties of a more unusual look. Their leaves have a yellow or dark border, stripes.
Often on sale can be found dracaena of this species with a spiral stalk, on which there are no leaves. This unusual shape of the trunk is formed by artificial means - a young shoot is planted in a curved tube. When the plant grows up, the tubule is removed and the stem retains a spiral shape. Shoots from this trunk grow normal - straight and leafy.
Did you know?The leaves of the Sander dracaena grow directly from the stem of the plant. If you cut the top, dracaena will give side shoots. These properties of the plant is radically different from bamboo.
Home-grown dracaena Sander does not bloom.
What should be the lighting
Dracaena Sander loves sunshine very much. At the same time, direct sunlight should be excluded. Direct sunlight will kill the plant.
Optimal conditions - to provide diffused sunlight in the room where it grows happy bamboo.
Despite the fact that the dracaena loves light, it can be put in a dark room, but only with good humidity. However, in this case, the leaves of the plant will be pale.
Humidity and temperature for comfortable growth
Bamboo happiness does not need constant spraying. He tolerates dry air. Only you need to remember to periodically wipe the leaves of the plant from dust. The plant needs fresh air.
The temperature at which the plant will be most comfortable - 18-35 degrees. If there is not enough light, then the humidity in the room should be high, for example, this room for a plant can be a bathroom.
How to plant a plant
There are several ways to plant dracaena bamboo. It can even be grown in a glass of water, where it can grow. Dracaena sander - an unconventional flower, it feels great in the water instead of the soil. You can plant dragon seed in the soil, and it will grow for many years.
Growing in water
To plant the dragon fruit Sander in the water, you just need to put the sprout in a pot filled with water. It should cover the roots of the plant by 1-2 cm.
Sander is great for unusual compositions due to its ability to grow in water. It can be planted in a beautiful vessel with water or in a glass vase with hydrogel.
Important!Due to the fact that lucky bamboo grows well in water, some wonder if it is possible to plant a dracaena in an aquarium. This can be done only if the stem is not deeply immersed in water. Decorative cultivation of dracaenas is practiced in fountainers - the roots are fixed with stones on the bottom. You only need to change the water once a week and add nutrients.
Cultivation in the ground
For planting dracaena Sander in the ground, you must use a special mixture for draca or flower soil mixture. Feel good bamboo of happiness will be in a mixture of equal parts of floral earth and sand.
At the bottom of the pot you need to lay small stones or expanded clay - the plant needs good drainage. You should not fill it with water in the ground, as this can lead to rotting of the trunk and roots.
If you need to transplant dracaena, make it worth the spring.
Features care for dragonsera Sander
Dracaena Sander should receive some care at home. Water is very important for this plant. On summer days, especially when it is hot, the dragon season needs to be watered abundantly. In winter, watering is reduced to moderate.
The growth of dracaena, its shape must be constantly monitored. Planted one stalk will soon begin to give shoots. They need to be removed so that the plant looks well-groomed. As for dressings, lucky bamboo needs them from spring to autumn.
In winter, fertilizer can not be applied. Plants growing in water need a slightly lower dose of fertilizer than those growing in the ground. With a lack of mineral substances, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
How to grow dracaena in water
When growing Sander dracaena in water, it must be renewed every two weeks. It is possible and necessary to add mineral fertilizers to grow dracaena, because under natural conditions it can draw nutrients from the soil, and at home it is necessary to feed. Fertilizers are used for dracen.
Important!If the drapery Sander yellow leaves, this may indicate an excess of sunlight falling on the plant, or an excessive feeding. In the first case, the plant need to pritenit. In the second case, with excessive feeding, you need to completely replace the water and for some time not to fertilize the flower. Water, in which happy bamboo will grow, must be distilled, purified, at room temperature. If you do not follow these simple rules for plant care, the leaves may turn yellow.
Rules care for dragon seed in a pot
Lucky bamboo grown in a pot requires constant care. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil in order to understand when the plant needs watering. When the top layer dries, the plant can be watered.
Important!Transplantation of Sander dracaena can be performed after 2 years, if the plant is young, after 3 years - an adult plant. Large dragon trees are not recommended to touch, but only replace the upper layer of the earth every year.
Growing in the ground dratsenu Sander also need to be fed with the help of special fertilizers for dracen. As in the case of growing it in water, a certain frequency of fertilizing is required: 1 time in 3-4 weeks.
Breeding dracaena sander
Bamboo happiness has several ways of breeding at home. Reproduction can be done by dividing the stem, apical shoots, stem cuttings. To stimulate the appearance of the roots of the plant, you can make shallow cuts in the lower part of the trunk.
Many growers are interested in how to propagate Sander draceni with stem cuttings or stem segments with undisclosed buds. To do this, take the prepared process, place it in a container with water or a pot with soil and cover with a cloth napkin.
Reception with a cloth covering provides an increased level of moisture and accelerates the development of the stem. The stem will have roots, and from dormant buds - shoots.
Lucky bamboo is simply propagated by cuttings. Apical cuttings with a bundle of leaves cut off. The cut can be done even or oblique, for the plant it does not matter.
Rooted in water or wet soil. After cutting off the cutting, the rest of the plant must be processed so that it does not wither. Processing is done with cold wax.
Important!The cut stem for rooting should be smooth, without scoring of the bark. Otherwise it will rot rather than give roots. If you follow all the simple rules of caring for a plant, it will please with its non-standard beauty and will be a wonderful decoration of the interior. And, quite likely, according to the teachings of Feng Shui, will bring success and good luck to the house.
What conditions need to be created for the active development of Sander
Before you start dracaena, you should take care of the favorable conditions in which it will live and provide it with proper care. Although this flower is distinguished by unpretentiousness, there are still some nuances for growing it at home.
A dracaena bamboo plant is photophilous, but at the same time it does not tolerate direct sunlight falling on it, which can lead to its death. In order to create optimally comfortable conditions, it is necessary to choose a place where sunlight will be diffused. But it is not excluded cases when the plant can perfectly feel in a darkened wet room. But then dracaena leaves will not differ in special brightness and saturation.
Humidity and air temperature
Bamboo tree tolerates dry air and does not need constant spraying of the leaves. For Sander, fresh air and dusting leaves are more important.
Comfortable temperature for bamboo is from twenty to thirty five degrees. If the room is dark, then the humidity should be high. In this case, the plant can be moved to the bathroom.
How to grow a spiral bamboo in water
In order to plant the Sandera dracaena, it is necessary to simply place the flower shoot in the water tank in the water. The liquid should cover the roots of the plant a couple of centimeters. Growing water must be purified at room temperature. It will need to be updated once every one and a half to two weeks.
Water can be replaced with a hydrogel, the plant also develops well in it. For planting it is better to buy a transparent pot, which will give the composition spectacularity. Gel should be filled with water and left for three and a half - four hours to swell. Подготовить растение к посадке, удалив части, которые подгнили.Put the flower in the pot and fill the empty space with hydrogel. The advantage of the gel is that its properties are maintained for five years. After this period, it will need to be replaced with a new one.
Due to the fact that the flower takes root so well in the water, sometimes the question arises as to whether it can be planted in an aquarium. This is only possible if the stem of the plant is not very deeply immersed in water.
Also, the plant is grown in fountainlets. To do this, you need to fix the roots of the plant with pebbles, and change the water once every seven days and regularly add the necessary nutrients to the plant.
Growing Sanderians in the soil
Should be used for landing special blend for dracaenes and palms. Dracaena will develop well in the ground, where the earth and sand will be mixed in equal parts.
Bamboo needs good drainage layer. Therefore, at the bottom of the pot should be poured small stones or expanded clay. If dracaena is grown in the soil, then it should not be watered abundantly, as this can lead to rotting of the roots of the flower.
What features care for the flower of happiness
In order to grow and develop well, dracaena sander must receive certain care at home.
For this flower water is extremely important. On hot summer days, the plant should be plentiful and often watered, but in winter, on the contrary, watering should be moderate.
Also need to constantly monitor the formation of the plant.
Bamboo room very growing rapidly. If it grows in suitable conditions for it, then the shoots lengthen quickly, and leaves are formed on the trunk and the top of the head, which makes the plant ugly and unlike ordinary bamboo.
To Sanderiana had a presentable appearance, should be constantly cut side shoots and leaves. In addition, if the shoots will be very much, then gradually this will lead to yellowing and wilting of the leaves.
To avoid this, it is necessary to do formative cutting:
- side shoots are removed by pruning shears, leaving no hemp,
- systematically cut the leaves,
- cut points are treated with activated charcoal, melted paraffin or smeared with garden pitch to prevent infection in the trunk,
- The trunk, which is strongly stretched, can also be cut off. He will continue to grow, and the shoots will reappear from the “sleeping buds”.
From the shoots of the young dracaena, you can create a variety of compositions, since its shoots are still flexible and well formed.
It is necessary to feed dracaena starting from spring and ending in autumn. Those plants that are grown in the soil, need more nutrients than those that grow in water. If the plant lacks mineral fertilizers, then gradually the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.
How to transplant dracaena? And what nuances should be taken into account
- drainage is put on the bottom of the pot, the layer of which should be ⅔ of the pot,
- the flower is removed from the old container, the roots are washed, if there are damaged, dry or rotten parts, they should be cut off,
- the plant is set on a drainage layer and a little sprinkled on the roots with stones. Then primer is poured into the pot, which is compacted and watered.
- the plant is placed in partial shade, and after seven days is moved to a window with diffused light
How bamboo breeds happiness
Sander rosace can be propagated by lateral and apical cuttings or by dividing the stem.
How is the cutting
- should choose healthy shoots, which are about ten to fifteen centimeters. It is easy to determine: the shoot must be firm and have a bright green color. Soft and yellowed shoots can not be used,
- remove excess leaves from the stem, leaving 2-3 on the crown,
- cut off the upper part, the length of the handle should be no more than five to six centimeters,
- immerse the cutting in a container of filtered water
- two or three months later, roots will begin to appear on the cuttings, after which the plant can be planted in the soil or continued cultivation in water.
Growing dracaena by dividing the stem
After apical and lateral cuttings are cut from the shoot, it can be used for propagation. Stem actively rooted and gives rapid growth. For this you need:
- cut a stalk into pieces with a length of five centimeters with two sleeping buds with a clean, sharp knife
- process the upper section with molten paraffin,
- after the wax has become hard, the pieces are dipped in water,
- after the roots appear on the stalks, they should not be planted immediately. It is necessary to wait some time until the root system grows well, and new shoots are formed on the stem.
"Bamboo stick" with a spiral tip
Dracaena sander is originally from Africa, but this plant has received the greatest popularity in Asian countries. Despite its second name, the dracaena (with the exception of appearance) has nothing in common with bamboo.
The leaves of this species grow from the stem of the dragon, but after cutting the dracaena (the upper part of its stem), new side shoots will appear. This way of plant growth and easy care will be enjoyed by many home gardeners, especially creative individuals, as they allow to model all sorts of unusual floral arrangements.
Sander can be placed in a beautiful vessel with water or hydrogel. Very beautiful dracaena bamboo looks in aquarium compositions. Moreover, in any of these options, it will feel quite comfortable.
Unpretentious dracaena - the favorite of home gardeners. Not naughty flower like bamboo shoots.
Wide leaves of sanders - an example of a properly groomed flower.
Happiness Bamboo or Good Luck Mascot
Feng Shui experts almost unanimously assure that dracaena sander is capable of bringing happiness, luck and financial well-being into the house.
And it does not matter that the plant does not have a beautiful lush crown and a strong high stem, but it fills the house with positive energy with each of its cells, gives happiness and makes the cherished dreams of its owners realizable. The main thing is to bestow care and attention on her, and then she will live in your house for a long time, attracting success and luck.
At home, a sander can bloom, but extremely rarely. Well, if you have an excellent relationship with her, the reward for patience will be the arrow with beautiful white flowers and fragrant sweet smell.
According to Feng Shui, bamboo dracaena improves friendship and love relationships, gives a good mood, ensures health and longevity.
Hospitable people quite often place several trunks of “bamboo luck” in a floor vase at the entrance to the house, thus expressing their respect for the people who come to them.
Asians consider this plant an ideal gift for all occasions - birthdays, housewarming, weddings. At the same time, it is customary to give sander to both women and men, since it also symbolizes courage, strength of character and the ability to withstand various difficulties.
And three escapes Sanders as a wedding gift - a pledge of a long and happy marriage.
A strange composition of dracaena. Bamboo shoots are combined into one pyramid. An interesting design decision.
Twisted stems dracaena - unsurpassed decoration for any home.
Escape dracaena close-up.
Reproduction and care of the bamboo dragonza
Sanderiana is a very unpretentious plant, and she does not need special care. However, in order for the plant to feel comfortable, it is necessary to follow a few simple rules. To transplant dragon flower at home is also not difficult.
The main criteria for growing sunderians:
- Lighting, humidity and air temperature. Dracaena Sander is one of the most shade-tolerant plants of this family.
But under the direct rays of the sun it should not be placed - the leaves of the plant will turn yellow, and after a while the dracaena will die. Sanderiana will grow great away from the window in a well-lit room.
At the same time, the room should be warm enough - the optimum temperature varies between 18-30 degrees. It is worth noting that the bamboo dracaena does not tolerate drafts.
The plant will not be against regular spraying with water, but it perfectly adapts to the conditions of the room with dry air.
Dracaena Sander grows well in conditions of insufficient lighting in apartments and houses. The flower can even be called shade-loving.
Dracaena leaves are a Sander variety that grows directly from the stem. Imitation bamboo shoot can be used for interior design in ethnic style.
- Watering. For healthy growth, Sanderiana requires well-hydrated soil and care.
Therefore, regular watering her just needed. It is necessary to water a plant when the top layer of the soil has dried to a depth of about two centimeters. Use purified or distilled water, as the plant does not tolerate chlorine, which is contained in the tap.
- Hygiene. Care for the dragonza should include dusting the leaves.
If your plant lives in water, do not forget about the need to replace it regularly (1 time in 2 weeks) with washing the red-brown roots from the resulting bloom. Also, to avoid rotting, you should constantly make sure that no fallen leaves stay in the water.
- Fertilizer. Dracaena Sander needs additional feeding and complex fertilizer. The dragon tree is fed only in summer (1 time in 2 weeks), and in winter they take a break. If the sander grows in water, apply soluble fertilizers.
- Reproduction. The most common breeding method of Sander dracaena is the stem dividing method.
Stem cuttings are able to take root in both water and soil. If reproduction is carried out by rooting the cuttings in water, it is necessary to add a little activated carbon to it in order to avoid rotting.
If you plan to plant the upper cuttings immediately to the ground, then it is necessary to moisten it well. Rooting in sand and peat substrates best occurs.
Another way of breeding bamboo dracaena is to use shoots with dormant buds. They also just first immersed in water, and after the appearance of the roots are transplanted into the sand-peat mixture. Or they are left to grow and develop in the water sphere.
The dracaena sander is planted not in classic pots with soil, but in transparent jars with water. An interesting solution for the interior.
Stalk groomed dracaena.
Dracaena at home can always be propagated with the help of seeds. To do this, it is necessary to soak the seeds of the plant for five days, and then sow them into the soil of peat with the addition of sand. Soil temperature should be maintained at +28 degrees. Seed germination can last from one to six months.
- Transplant Sanderiana. For dracaena transplant is carried out in the spring.
Before transplanting dracaena, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture consisting of a special composition for dracaena and a mixture for ordinary houseplants in a 1: 1 ratio.
Pot drayseny for transplanting need to pick up a small but steady. At the bottom of the pot you need to put drainage and after that begin to transplant dracenum at home.
- Formation. How to trim the dracaena. For how this bamboo plant grows and forms, you need to constantly monitor.
After all, after transplanting the stem of the dracaena after some time new shoots will begin to grow. And if they are not removed, the plant risks acquiring a neglected and shapeless appearance.
In place of remote shoots, new shoots may reappear. If you want to avoid this, then after trimming dracaena, you need to process the edges of the segments with paraffin.
To give the trunks an interesting decorative form, young shoots are placed in special tubes. At dracaena transplanting shoots takes a special position. After the shoot grows, it will retain the shape of a spiral. Unfortunately, this barrel shape can only be obtained by artificial means.
As you could see, cultivation, reproduction and transplanting dracaenas at home do not require much effort, and the dracaena’s ability to grow in the soil and in water allows you to create extraordinarily beautiful, unique compositions.
The stems dracaeni Sanders intertwined. A flower resembling a palm tree, will take pride of place in any home.
The most popular composition of dracaena. On the cut of each stem grow small leaves.
Description Sander draca
Room bamboo looks similar to the usual, but has large leaves. It will not require too much effort. The sander’s price is enough for proper care: plentiful and frequent watering, sufficient lighting.
In our stores, draderin sander is often sold as “bamboo of happiness” or “Lucky Bamboo”
The origin of the sander dracaena
But this is not at all the bamboo, which at the beginning of the XIX century came to Europe from China and Japan. Despite the fact that scientists have deduced more than 100 species of bamboo, capable of excellent growth in European conditions, dracaena Sander does not belong to any of these species. By and large, this is not bamboo at all. In fact, the plant belongs to the family of asparagus.
The fleshy stem is the main difference between Sander dragon and bamboo.
How to achieve a twisted stalk of draderna sander
Specialists working on giving the plant a certain form, use a narrow beam of light, which periodically changes direction.
Instructions for growing the sander dracaena in the form of a spiral:
- A peg is placed near the stem of the Sander dragon.
- Around the peg gradually twirls the stem.
- And so that the stem has the appearance of a tightly twisted spiral, from above it is fixed with wire or ropes, preventing it from rising.
When the stem hardens, the plant will take the form of a pretty curl forever
How to achieve the shape of the stem "pigtail"
Instructions for growing drapery Sander in the form of "pigtail":
- Three or more young stalks are planted in the pot.
- The stalks are braided into braids, leaving a small distance between them so that the plants have a lot to thicken.
- At the end weaving is fixed with a rope or any other available tools. Scars may remain from the wire, so it is better to use soft garters such as wide bands or polyethylene, twisted into a strip.
The plant should be inspected periodically and, if necessary, loosened fixation.
Conditions of detention
“Bamboo of happiness” is an unpretentious plant that is easy to grow at home. But his decorative qualities are greatly appreciated.
Dracaena Sander feels great in indoor conditions and reaches a height of 1 meter. The leaves are slightly twisted, up to 23 cm long, have a grayish-green color. It is unpretentious in growing, does not need spraying - the plant tolerates dry air easily.
Dracaena Sander is considered to be a very tenacious plant - in natural conditions it is quite difficult to destroy, and even in rooms it grows and pleases the owners with its exotic look.
If dracaena grows in water, it needs to change water at least once every two weeks, and the water should be kept for at least a day. In winter, the plant is not sprayed, but wiped with a damp cloth.
In stores, dracaena may not be sold in a pot, but in a container of water, but it is recommended to grow it in the soil
The dragon flower in the stores is also sold in “bunches”, when several stems of dragon berries grow in a common pot almost from one place and represent an interesting composition.
Planting in soil
The stores sell special soil, which was created directly for dracen, but you can cook it yourself.
The mixture is taken in proportions: 2 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of sod and 1 part of sand. In such a soil the plant will feel as comfortable as possible.
In a special palm land without work on the formation, the plant resembles an ordinary palm tree, the trunk of which eventually becomes woody, and the top is decorated with sweeping decorative leaves.
Before filling the pot with soil, you need to take care of the drainage system, which is used as pebbles, river or sea, expanded clay pellets and other material. Shoots up to 10 cm can be planted in the ground. Cuts on the plant during reproduction sprinkle with ground activated carbon.
Growing "bamboo happiness" in water and gel
The water in which the sander dracaena is grown is prepared in advance so that it can settle. The temperature of the water to replace should not differ from that in which the plant is located so that there is no additional stress. Optimum temperature 21–25° C Fertilizers are dissolved in water if necessary.
In winter, the dracaenum contained in the water should also be illuminated with a lamp, and in the summer try to avoid too high temperatures. At more than 35 ° C, the plant begins to turn yellow and shed its leaves.
You can make a real Christmas tree from Sander's dragon
Tips for growing the sander dracaena:
- In order for the indoor plant to grow well, it needs to create optimal lighting and temperature conditions.
- Dracaena Sander grows at almost any temperature, but the best results are obtained at 16–21 ° C.
- The lighting should be bright, but taking into account the fact that the leaves of the plant are tender and burnt places can form from the direct rays of the sun.
- If you intend to put dracaena on the windowsill, then not on the south. Когда все окна выходят на юг, от подоконника лучше отказаться и поставить растение рядом.
- Зимой солнечных дней немного, света явно будет не хватать, поэтому используют электрические источники для подсвечивания. Лампа накаливания для этого не подойдёт, а источник холодного дневного света будет в самый раз. Ещё лучше использовать специальные фитолампы, которые предназначены для подсветки растений.
Dracaena Sander takes up a lot of space, so other large plants are not placed next to it.
Dracaena Sander loves the middle ground - ideally, the soil should be slightly wet. Too much and not enough water - bad. In practice, it looks like a good full-fledged watering once a week, if the plant is in a pot with soil.
When the content in the water, it is necessary to periodically change the water, using only the separated one for one day. It is advisable to do it at least once every two weeks so that a putrid odor does not appear.
You can add a little fertilizer to the new water, but do it with caution, as overdose will adversely affect the plant - it will quickly pull the necessary substances out of the water.
The plant receives the warm “rain” very well, it is enough to carry out this procedure once a month, the water should be slightly warm. It is important to ensure that the water after such irrigation does not accumulate in the space between the leaves, which can lead to plant rot. The described irrigation mode is good for winter, in the summer the frequency of irrigation is doubled, and on particularly hot days it is watered every other day. Additional moistening of the air around the plant is not required.
Standard humidity conditions in the room - 30–60% are quite suitable for the successful cultivation of dracaenes.
To activate the growth dracaena Sander use foliar feeding.
Top dressing dracaena sander, which is planted in the soil
A plant that is planted in the soil needs periodic feeding, especially since spring. At this time, you can feed once a month, in the summer the frequency is increased. But the amount of fertilizer is desirable to reduce when the plant enters the phase of active growth. It will be enough to take one third of the norm, which is indicated on the packaging of the fertilizer used.
Choosing fertilizers for dracaena is easy, you can use universal mineral dressings sold in stores, with little or no organic matter added.
Top dressing dracaena sander, which is in the water
A plant that constantly “lives” in water needs more nutrients, but it is important to use caution and avoid overdosing. The leaves of the plant are very susceptible to nutrient spraying. It is better to carry out the spraying procedure with the addition of fertilizers in the morning, after having carried out ordinary watering with clean water. Root and leaf feeding should not be carried out simultaneously, it is better to alternate them.
Blooming Draderma Sander
The period of flowering dragon coincides with the warm season
Care in the summer, when the dracaena begins to bloom, comes down to abundant watering and fertilizing. The plant is sure to "thank" beautiful white flowers with a pleasant aroma. And red berries will become a real decoration of indoor bamboo. The dormant period of the plant is not pronounced.
Table: main care errors and how to fix them
Dracaena at home is rarely affected by pests, only if the conditions of care do not suit her at all. The real enemies of bamboo happiness are the red spider mites and mealybugs.
You can fight powdery mildew with insecticides, but it's easier to get a new plant.
Growing from seed
This process will seem much more complicated and laborious, although the seeds of Drazenza Sander can be bought at almost any store. But they will have to be approached very seriously to germinate - the occupation is quite laborious. Good seed germination requires high humidity, which is convenient to maintain, for example, in a plastic box, placing the seeds on a damp napkin or cloth..
Disinfection is carried out with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate (slightly pink color), keeping seeds in it for 20 minutes.
The place should be warm, add water as needed.
As soon as the first shoots appear, seedlings are transplanted into cups with light soil, which you can buy or prepare yourself from turf and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. They are buried no more than 1.5 cm. The cups with planted sprouts on top are covered with film and put in a warm place with a sufficient amount of light. Once a day, the film is opened to air the air. It is dangerous to flood young plants with plenty of water - watering must be careful and very dosed.
In the cups seedlings dracaeni can stay about 4 months. When they reach the same number of centimeters (4–5) in height, they can be transplanted into pots, with the right further care, beautiful ornamental plants will grow from them.
Drapery Sander Formation
The degree of decoration depends on the imagination of the owner of the plant. The fact is that dracenes contain sleeping points on the entire surface of the trunk. They are arranged in a spiral. So, you can make an incision anywhere, and an additional branch will start growing from it. This property dracaena allows you to get from her amazing decorative options. And if the use of wire or tapes to redirect the growth of existing branches to the trimming, it will increase the decorative possibilities.
From the dradery Sander can form a beautiful multi-level cascade
Dracaena Sander, better known as the “bamboo of happiness”, feels great in our apartments. He can be given such amazing forms. All who come to visit you, will be shocked by her beauty.
Unpretentious dracaena with "bamboo" appearance
Under natural conditions, the plant grows in equatorial Africa, in particular, is found on the territory of Cameroon. This is a perennial herb, according to the botanical classification, belonging to the family of the Asparagus.
This type of dracaeni got its name in honor of the famous English botanist, gardener and plant systematist Henry Frederick Conrad Sander.
The stem of the dragon is fleshy, unlike the hollow bamboo shoot, is colored green, while its shade does not change with the growth of the plant, which is a characteristic feature of this species. Shoots grow to a height of up to 1 m. Constrictions are noticeable on them, which, in essence, are dormant buds. Leaf blades, which are 15–25 cm long, are painted in a gray-green tone.
According to Feng Shui, a plant brings happiness, luck, and well-being to a home.
In the indoor environment, bamboo happiness is very unpretentious and requires minimal care, so it is very much appreciated as an ornamental plant decorating office space. But the dracaena's home interior can add zest, as florists create stunning compositions in the form of pyramids, braids, etc. from the shoots. Also, the plant is formed in the form of a spiral, which gives the plant an extravagant appearance.
Lucky Bamboo and other types of sander draca
On sale is often found dracaena Sander called Lucky Bamboo, which translated means "happy bamboo", the shoots of which are either straight or twisted into a spiral. The latter form is achieved by artificial means. The technology is pretty simple. The young sprout is placed in a special bent tubing and when it grows to the required size, it is released from the “imprisonment”. The trunk retains a spiral shape for some time, and then stretches out, overgrown with leaves and looks like an ordinary dracaena.
Breeders deduced several spectacular varieties of dracaena sander. Among them are
- White Stripe Victory with white stripes on light green leaves,
- White Stripe Gold with a yellowish border and white stripes along the entire length of the sheet.
Transplant into the ground
When growing bamboo happiness in the substrate is very important to create a thick layer of drainage, the thickness of which should be approximately two-thirds of the pot. For this purpose, you can use small pebbles or other rounded pebbles, as well as coarse sand. When grown in transparent containers, an excellent option for creating drainage will be decorative stones, which not only allow you to remove excess moisture, but also give an aesthetic look to the composition.
The substrate is from:
- 1 part peat,
- 1 part of coarse sand,
- 1/2 piece of sod land.
Also for planting bamboo happiness, you can use the ready-mix soil for dracaena.
The transplant procedure consists of several stages:
- Put drainage on the bottom of the pot; the layer should occupy 2/3 of the container.
- Take out the dracaena from the old pot, rinse the roots, cut off any damaged, dry or rotten parts.
- Set the plant on the drainage layer and lightly sprinkle the roots with stones. Then add the substrate. compact it and pour it.
- Put in a half-shaded place, and after a week transfer to the western or eastern window with diffused light.
The surface of the potted pot can be decorated with stones
Growing drapery Sander in water
Very often the plant is sold in cones filled with water. It is not necessary to replant it immediately after purchase into the soil. The plant can grow well in a humid environment for several years, but the transplantation procedure should be carried out annually (sometimes even more often), as well as when grown in a substrate.
Water for growing Sander dracaena must be filtered. Experienced growers also recommend using rain or distilled. During transplantation it is necessary:
- Remove the sprout from the tank, rinse the roots and remove the rotted parts. If the root system is underdeveloped, several cuts can be made at the bottom of the stem. This technique will stimulate the formation of new roots.
- Put rounded stones at the bottom of the tank.
- Set shoots dracaena and press them with stones.
- Then pour clean water into the pot. The fluid level should be 1–2 cm above the point where roots start to grow, otherwise the shoot may rot.
When grown in water, the plant must be fixed in a pot with stones
An effective way to grow Sander dracaena is to use a hydrogel. For planting it is best to choose a transparent pot, so the composition will look more spectacular. The transplant process is simple:
- Fill the hydrogel with water and leave for 4 hours to swell.
- Then prepare the plant by removing the rotted parts.
- Put it in the pot and fill the voids with swollen hydrogel balls.
The hydrogel does not lose its properties for five years, after this period it must be replaced with a new one.
Multicolored hydrogel is perfect for growing drader sander
Watering and feeding
When grown in water or in hydroponics, bamboo must be periodically fed with mineral complexes, as due to their lack of leaves the leaves will gradually turn yellow and the plant will wither. In order for bamboo to not lose its attractiveness, it is necessary to add special preparations for dracenas, produced in liquid form, into the water. However, their concentration should be 2 times less than that indicated on the package.
For pseudo-bamboos growing in the ground, it is also necessary to apply fertilizer once a month. The procedure should be carried out during the active growth of the plant from spring to autumn. In the winter period, top dressing will lead to excessive growth, dracaena will stretch and will look unattractive.
Watering plants grown in water is not necessary, but the water needs to be changed once every two weeks. The liquid must be filtered.
The dragon plant, planted in the ground, is watered 2-3 times a week in the summer period (as the top layer of the substrate in the pot dries out). In winter, the amount of moisture is reduced to one per week.
Forming a potted plant
Room bamboo has a good growth. Under suitable conditions, shoots begin to lengthen rapidly, leaves start to grow at the crown and on the trunk, which is why the plant becomes completely different from real bamboo and looks sloppy.
To dracaena Sander had an attractive appearance, it is necessary to systematically remove the side shoots
As they grow, lateral shoots and leaves on the stem must be periodically cut, maintaining the appearance of the plant. In addition, if the composition has many shoots, then gradually their content in a crowded form leads to yellowing and death of the leaves. To prevent this from happening, make formative pruning. For this:
- Side shoots cut off with shears or a sharp knife, leaving no hemp.
So that the plant does not overgrown with side shoots and leaves, it is systematically necessary to cut them
Sections of slices must be covered with garden pitch or melted paraffin
To create some compositions, for example, original pyramids, on the contrary, it is necessary to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots. For this you need:
- Cut off the top of the barrel.
- To smear a cut with garden pitch or paraffin.
- Wrap the shoot with wet peat moss and tie it with a thread or fasten it with a stationery gum, while closing the cut itself is not necessary.
Wrapping the trunk with moist sphagnum moss helps to stimulate the emergence of side shoots
Another way to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots is spraying the stem with a growth stimulator, for example, Appin or Zircon.
If the plant is too stretched, you can replace it with a new instance, cutting the top and rooting it in the water.
Even at home, you can try to create an interesting shape of the plant: make a wicker or “braid” the stems in a pigtail. To do this, cut the apical cuttings, rooted them and planted in the ground. To form a pigtail, it is enough to plant 3 plants at a distance of 2–3 cm from each other. When the cuttings grow to 7–10 cm, the leaves are cut from the bottom, and the shoots are twisted. The joints of trunks are wound with wire. Then, when the plant grows another 10 cm, in the same way the shoots are interlaced and the pigtail is fastened with wire. After a few months, when the trunks become strong, the wire will need to be removed.
The shoots of young draperin Sander flexible and lend themselves to formation. From them you can create spectacular compositions
In the same way form the composition in the form of braids. Rooted cuttings are planted in a container under the slope to each other and zamatyvayut their junction with wire.
Diseases and pests of indoor bamboo happiness - table
- the roots soften and turn brown,
- leaves wil, turn yellow and dry
- reddish-yellow spots appear on the leaves,
- leaf blades die off
- low temperature content
- poor lighting
- To carry out the treatment with fungicidal preparations, such as Fitoverm, according to the instructions.
- Bring the conditions of detention in accordance with the recommended.
- yellow spots and shields of brown, gray or black color appear on the leaf blades and shoots
- leaves become paler, wither, then completely dry and fall off
- Scrape away knobs.
- Wipe all parts of the plant with a cotton swab dipped in a soap or soap-alcohol solution.
- Spray the flower Aktellikom (for instructions).
- appears on plants grown in soil
- the joints of leaf plates with the trunk, as well as the leaves themselves are covered with mealy secretions,
- leaves curl, become covered with yellowish spots and die off
Bamboo of happiness from the upper cuttings
The stages of propagation by grafting are as follows:
- Choose healthy bamboo shoots 10–15 cm long. It is quite simple to determine: it is hard and painted green. Yellowed and soft to the touch copies can not be used for reproduction.
- Remove excess leaflets from the stems.
From the stem it is necessary to tear off all the leaves, leaving 2-3 pieces at the crown
Cutting length should be about 5–6 cm
To root successfully rooted, the water must be filtered
New instances of pieces of the stem
Escape after it has cut off the apical and lateral cuttings can also be used for the reproduction of bamboo happiness. The stem is well rooted and quickly begins to grow. To obtain new plant specimens, you must:
- Cut the shoots with a clean knife into pieces about 5 cm long, with each of them having two lintels (dormant buds).
- Top cut with wax. It must be melted in a water bath, cool a little and pour a cut.
- After the wax has hardened, put the prepared pieces into the water.
- No need to plant delenki immediately after the roots appear on them. Let them build up a good root system and wait until new shoots appear on a piece of the stem. Only after that you can land the Sander dracaena in the ground or continue to grow it in water.
Flower grower reviews
Bamboo stick came to me with another bouquet of flowers seven years ago. On a solemn occasion, wedding anniversary, the husband gave me a gift and a bouquet of flowers. In the center of the composition is placed a long stick, curled on top and having two fresh sprouts, bamboo. She immediately caught my attention, and when the main bouquet withered, I placed the bamboo stick in a separate tall vessel with water. I have never heard that bamboo has long stood at one of my friends, but I decided to care for him. There was nothing difficult in the care of bamboo. Sometimes she just poured fresh water into the vessel and paid a little of her attention.
2 years in our house grows a wonderful plant called Dracaena Sander. Bought it at the Ikea store. There are two types of this plant to choose from: in the form of a spiral and just a straight stalk. Сначала мы приобрели один стебель, виде завиточка но после наших махинаций с размножения, он завял и мы усвоили урок — все махинации с размножение нужно проводить только весной.Решили взять уже побольше и без завитка . Растение растет в аквариуном режиме.In the ground, it doesn’t look as beautiful as in a vase with water or aquagrund. It’s not whimsical to care, once a month we wash the aquagrunt and wipe the plant from time to time. It looks very fresh and fits perfectly into the interior
I bought my bamboo of happiness last year. First he stood in the water, and then closer to the winter I transplanted him into the ground. And apparently in vain, because after 2 months the leaves began to turn yellow and the stems dry. I transplanted it into pebbles, which I always fill to the top with water and watch that the level always reaches the edges of the pot. My bamboo has ceased to dry. But, unfortunately, I lost a few stems.
I stood so twisted too long, sprouted and tilted. In general, I lost the presentation) I cut it into several pieces. they gave roots. Now everything is normal growing in ordinary earth in a pot.
Unpretentious dracaena Sander - a stylish and elegant decoration of apartments and offices. Despite the fact that this is a tropical plant, it requires minimal care. In addition, the composition of the shoots is a wonderful gift for both men and women, which can be presented for any reason. Indeed, according to belief, bamboo happiness is not only a beautiful and unusual plant, it also brings success and well-being to the house.
Dracaena Sander - "Talisman of Happiness"
The saintsen of Sander is often called the good luck talisman. It is believed that this indoor plant is able to attract success and good fortune to the dwelling.
According to the theory of Feng Shui, the owners of a dwelling in which draderz Sander grows, expects financial well-being. Also this plant serves as a magnet, attracting happiness, love, friendship and longevity. The Chinese dracaena is considered the most desirable and expensive gift for any holiday. Five of these plants are the key to wealth and prosperity, three dragon trees are considered a symbol of happiness, and seven “talismans of happiness” attract positive emotions.
Dracaena Sanderiana is easily propagated by the apical part. To do this, it is necessary to cut off the top of the plant, departing about 15 cm from the very top. The cut stalk is placed in the water with “Heteroauxin”, and after the formation of roots, it is planted in nutritious soil for palm trees or dracen.
You can propagate Dracaena Sanderiana stem cuttings. Most often, this method is used for the death of the tops. Using a sharp knife, the stem part of the plant should be divided into several cuttings that can be rooted using water and stimulants, as well as by direct planting into the soil mixture. The second method is simpler, but less effective.
Temperature and humidity
Permissible parameters of the temperature range - from 18 to 30 degrees. As a rule, dracaena sander does not require the creation of special temperature conditions and perfectly adapts to the standard for living space temperature. Even the presence of dry air in the apartment does not cause this indoor plant special inconvenience. There is no need to spray dragon seed Sander, and you can remove dust from the leaves with a regular wet sponge.
Fight against diseases and pests
Dracaena Sanderiana is rarely affected by pests and diseases. On plants with a dense crown, although rare, a sheath or spider mite may appear. Remove these pests by treating the leaves with soap and water.
It should be noted that a fairly common problem in the cultivation of room sander room becomes rotting stem plant, which is the result of a significant overmoistening of the soil or a high level of water in a flower pot. To reanimate dracaena, it is recommended to cut off the decaying part and transplant the plant into a fresh soil mixture. You should know that such a problem is the reason for the revision of all measures for the care of the plant.