Each summer resident or resident of the country, having at least the smallest piece of land, will certainly want to refine it. And this applies not only to various buildings, hammocks and barbecues.
Flowers on the plot - this is the beauty that you can watch forever. And flowers grown with their own hands are twice as attractive. And if you see someone in the country tall bush with large patterned leaves, you know - it's castor. Planting and caring for this plant in the open field does not require any special knowledge and skills. With this simple task to cope even beginner summer resident.
What is this plant
This is an exotic, treelike flower from the family of thrush. It is worth knowing that castor oil is a poisonous plant. Moreover, this flower is poisonous everything, especially the seeds, very similar to beans.
We want to make our site better, but we will not do without your help. In the comments you can ask a question to the team of our site, write your opinion about the article and share your experience. Write a comment
Therefore, families with small children need to be extremely careful with growing such a person in the flower bed.
In general, observing all precautions, the plant is not capricious, just to care and very beautiful. Having planted it on the plot, the courtyard turns into a paradise with beautiful palm trees of different colors and sizes. After all, castor bean looks very similar to a tropical palm tree.
In countries with warm climates, this bush is perennial. But, here, we have to plant new plants every year, and to uproot them in the autumn.
In nature, there are several varieties of castor. They vary in shrub size and leaf color.
In the native environment, this bush grows to ten meters. In our area, its average height is 1.5-3 meters. Sometimes there are five-meter specimens.
The color of the leaves can be juicy green, brown, purple and blood red. Castor bean seed pods look like chestnuts, and, depending on the variety, also have different colors that persist until late autumn.
Common varieties for summer cottages
The most common types of castor are:
- Impala - meter bush, with beautiful burgundy leaves. It is seated as a single plant, and a group.
- Karmensita - a half meter flower with maroon-red leaves. Its stems are red, and the inflorescences are green with a pink tinge.
- Cossack - this type of shrub bred already by our breeders. It grows almost two meters in length with a powerful trunk. Its leaves are huge, red with a violet shade and with a white drooping.
- Zanzibar - grows over one and a half meters in height. Its stem is straight and has many branches growing along its entire length. Shrub leaves are dark green.
- Gibson - different from other varieties of different color of the leaves with a steel shade.
Planting Castor Bean Seeds
Castor beans are grown in two ways - seed and seedling.
Cultivating castor from seed occurs in several stages. First you need to choose the right place in the open field. The site should be well lit, as the plant is tropical.
When the earth warms to a temperature of 13 degrees, you can begin planting seeds.
Having fertilized well the place with compost and humus, make pits 7–9 cm deep. Then, in each well, you need to put two seeds, sprinkle it on top with soil and tamp the ground a little. Liberally pour and wait for germination. They will begin to appear in 20 days.
As soon as the first leaves are visible, it is necessary to remove the seed from them, otherwise the leaves may rot, while in it.pop
Since this is a large and volumetric flower, therefore, it is necessary to plant seedlings from each other at a distance of at least one meter.
Rassadny method of growing castor at home is the most effective and common.
The planting time for this plant varies by region. Experts recommend starting to plant seeds in the middle of spring. Although in the warm regions of the country, in March they begin to plant them in pots. Well, if the pots are peat. But, and if there are none, then the usual floral ones will do.
Before planting, the seeds need to be prepared so that they will quickly germinate, since their shell is quite hard. It is advisable to wear gloves during work. Or after contact, wash your hands with soap and water.
During the day you need to soak the seed in water at room temperature. All this time you should maintain a certain degree, adding warm water or occasionally changing it.
After another 24 hours to remove them in a warm place, pre-wrap in a damp cloth or gauze. Then put in a plastic bag and close it.
Before planting, the seed needs to be slightly scraped with a knife on both sides in order for the sprout to hatch faster.
Then they plant a seed each in a separate pot. And you can not immerse it very deep into the ground. The optimal depth of the hole is 5-6 cm., No more.
Set the pots in a warm place, cover them with gauze. After the sprout appears, immediately remove the remaining skin from it and pour it heavily.
As soon as the first leaf appeared, you need to put the pots in a sunny, but not too hot place. The best temperature for growing castor bean seedlings is 18 degrees Celsius.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Seedlings are planted outside when you are fully confident that there will be no night frost. Because the flower is afraid of cold, drafts and especially frost. Therefore, before mid-May, flower growers do not recommend this.
The place for planting a bush should be well digged, fertilized with organic matter, cleaned of weeds and watered abundantly. Dig holes in such a depth that the root is convenient in it decomposed.
Then the flower itself, it is good to fill it with water, and very carefully transfer it from the pot to the garden bed. If the peat pots, they are installed in the dug hole.
The distance from the flower to the flower, in the case of group plantings, should be more than one meter.
Castor Oil Care
Since the plant does not stop its growth throughout the entire time, it needs to be regularly fed.
It can be organic fertilizers. And top dressing with yeast (for 5 liters of water 10 grams of dry yeast, insist 2 hours, then water it under each flower 1 liter).
As soon as the inflorescences begin to form, the plant is fertilized with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
Be sure to install a backup so that the bush does not break if it grows too high.
Abundant regular watering, the most mandatory action when growing a flower. Every five days you need to pour at least one bucket (10 liters) of water under each tree.
Until the plant has grown to a large size, weeds can clog it, so the land near the bush needs to be laid out from time to time and well loosened.
Diseases and pests
To prevent the wireworm and the falsewire from appearing on the plant, do the following. Before planting it in open ground, the prepared hole is disinfected, spilling a weak solution of manganese.
Also, planted in the neighborhood such spices as coriander, garlic, dill or mint will help scare off parasites.
In the case of infection of a flower with fungal diseases, late blight and gray rot, it is treated with Bordeaux mixture.
A young, not yet matured plant can be attacked by a caterpillar of a winter moth or a meadow moth, a sandy slow-witch, a meadow bug. Be sure to treat the seedling or a special purchase solution, or a steep broth made from wormwood. To make it, it is necessary to fill a bucket with one third of crushed wormwood, top up with water and insist in a dark place for three days. Then spray the flowers.
According to experienced flower growers, the flower has a greater resistance to various pests. Therefore, making a little effort in caring for him, there is every chance to grow in his country house a huge, elegant home palm.
The homeland castor bean - African countries. In a subtropical climate, it grows as a perennial and often reaches 9–10 m in height. In our country, the plant does not survive the harsh winter, and therefore it is planted every spring from the seeds and is looked after as an annual.
The main decoration of castor oil is bright leaves, consisting of several blades and somewhat similar to maple leaves. They create a unique atmosphere in the garden. In mid-summer, the plant produces small stems, on which ordinary flowers bloom. Castor bean is pollinated with the help of wind, therefore the flowers do not have a strong smell to attract bees, and they do not differ in the brightness of colors. After flowering, balls appear completely covered with needles. They contain a lot of seeds that are harvested in sunny weather, dried and stored until spring to be used for planting.
Do not forget that castor oil is very poisonous. Inside its flowers and seeds is ricinin, which is very dangerous for humans. Therefore, growing and maintaining castor oil requires compliance with safety regulations. Always wash your hands after contact with them and protect them with gloves. Keep small children away from the plant and make sure that planting material does not fall into their hands.
Castor oil extracts valuable castor oil. Experts do not advise to do it yourself, watching the training video on the Internet. Completely get rid of toxic substances can only be in a pharmacological enterprise, using a special technology. At home, it will not be possible to cleanse the seeds of poison, and instead of using the prepared oil, it will seriously harm or even lead to tragedy.
In nature, there is one type of plant - castor bean. By the method of crossing, scientists have deduced different varieties that differ from each other in the color of the shoots and leaves. Therefore, each gardener can choose a favorite color, ranging from bright green to burgundy hue.
The most popular undersized varieties:
- "Zanzibar" - grows to 2 m and has red-purple shoots,
- "Gibson" - reaches 1.5 m and is distinguished by the metallic luster of the leaves,
- "Cossack" - this variety, bred by domestic breeders, grows no more than 2 m. Favorably stands out against the background of other motley red-green coloring and bright red flowers.
High-grade castor beetles often plant the Northern Palm, which has powerful green shoots and leaves.
How to plant seedlings
The castor is afraid of even minor frosts, so its cultivation will be more successful if you prepare seedlings. It should be planted in late March.
The seeds of the plant are dense, without thorough preparation they germinate for a long time and have low germination. Therefore, it is first necessary to deal with the scarification of seeds. To do this, they need to gently rub with sandpaper from all sides. This helps the hard shell to open and facilitates seed germination. Then at night the planting material is soaked in water or in a solution to stimulate growth. Suitable means "heteroauxin" or "Appin".
To care for seedlings of castor bean was easier, it is advisable to grow it in a liter plastic cups. Fill them with fertile soil by half and plant 2 seeds in each, deepening them into the ground by 2 cm. Lightly cover them with water, cover them with plastic wrap, put them in a sunny place and wait for shoots. As soon as the first sprouts appear, remove the film, providing the seedlings with proper care, consisting in regular watering and careful loosening of the soil in the cups.
Castor bean grows fast. When she has several leaves and she reaches a height of 10 cm, it can be transplanted into the open ground. But this must be done not earlier than the last night frosts end, otherwise the tender seedlings may die. The optimal time is the end of May or the beginning of June.
Transplant to soil
A week before planting a castor plant, prepare a garden bed. Choose a sunny place for her, protected from wind and draft. Ideal friable fertile soil with constant moisture. Dig small pits 40 cm deep at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Fill them up with a third with manure, sprinkle with earth and cover with oilcloth. For 7 days, manure warms the soil. Such care will help the seedlings to take root faster and facilitate cultivation.
- Well pour water glasses with castor bean sprouts. This will form a wet clod around the root system.
- Then carefully remove the plants with a clod of earth and place them in the prepared pits from which the oilcloth is removed.
- Cover with earth, lightly tamp and pour.
Planting castor in the open ground is possible without the preparation of seedlings. It sprouts beautifully from the seeds right on the garden and grows well, if night frosts do not interfere. At the end of May, dig shallow holes in the flowerbed, soak them in water and place several prepared seeds in each. Cover with soil and water the bed. If the air temperature is high enough, the first shoots will not be long in coming. When they grow up, leave in the holes one by one, and the rest carefully cut off at the root with a sharp knife.
Growing plants from seeds in the open field has one significant disadvantage. If the summer is cool, followed by early autumn, the castor will not have time to fully ripen the seeds. And next year they will have to buy for landing in the store.
How to care for an exotic garden decoration
The plant is unpretentious, so care for the castor is uncomplicated. Pay special attention to watering. Small sprouts planted in the soil literally in a month reach a height of 1-1.5 meters and continue to actively develop. They constantly need moisture. Therefore, the main care is regular watering. Spend it every 5-6 days, pouring under each bush 10 liters of water. When flowers appear, watering should be increased, especially if the summer is too hot.
So that weeds do not interfere with castor bean seedlings and do not drown out its growth, they must be weed systematically. On the 2nd day after each watering be sure to loosen the ground. Such care will prevent the appearance of a dense crust on the ground and enrich the earth with oxygen.
As the castor grows high and branched, it is difficult for the root system to hold it upright. Many gardeners drive pegs around the plant, tighten a thick thread and hold such a young bush with the help of such a support.
Do I need to feed the castor oil?
Plant care will not be complete without regular dressings. Nitrogen is needed for the rapid growth and development of castor beetles. A week before flowering, be sure to add nitrogen fertilizer. You can apply organic fertilizer from bird droppings, which is a good source of nitrogen.
Do not use fresh litter in its pure form. It has a high concentration of uric acid, which can damage the roots.
- For cooking, type in a large iron bucket of water and dilute the chicken manure in it at a ratio of 10: 1.
- Leave the container in the fresh air for 10 days, during which do not forget to stir occasionally.
- During this time, litter ferment. Place a half-liter jar of fertilizer under each castor bush. Such care will greatly improve its growth.
When the brush of a flower is almost formed, it is necessary to fertilize the earth with a phosphoric-potassium fertilizer. Well-proven novelty called AVA. In addition to phosphorus and potassium, it consists of 9 substances that improve the cultivation of plants. The preparation must be diluted and applied to the soil strictly according to the instructions.
Instead of purchased fertilizer, you can use wood ash. This dressing fully enriches the soil with phosphorus and potassium. To prepare the solution, you will need to mix 150 g of ash in 10 liters of water and carefully pour half a liter of liquid under each plant.Sandy ballad
As a resident of a hot climate, castor oil does not tolerate frost at all. Planted in the middle of Russia seedlings, in late May - early June.
The plant loves sunny, protected from drafts areas. Typically, the flower is placed near buildings or fences, where the plant is warm and cozy.
Attention! The plant is poisonous! All parts of the plant carry danger: seeds, flowers, stems and leaves. Therefore, the plant can not be planted near playgrounds and recreation areas. Casting a castor in the body causes nausea, vomiting, in severe cases (when using a large number of seeds) - can be fatal.
The soil castor prefers to neutral, sufficiently moist, rich in humus. Poor soil fertilized with rotted manure, contributing up to 10 - 12 kg per 1 square. meter for digging. In addition to organics, wood ash (up to 250 g per sq. Meter) and a full range of mineral fertilizer for flowers in dosage are dispersed on the plot, according to the instructions.
Plots with excess moisture and clay soil correct the introduction of sand, up to 12 kg per square square. At the bottom of the landing holes poured a small layer of expanded clay or rubble as a drainage. You can arrange a mound of fertile light land, where and plant the plants.Castor in the garden
Высаженная в хорошо заправленную удобрениями почву, клещевина не нуждается в дополнительных подкормках. Весь уход за взрослым растением состоит в регулярных и обильных поливах. В жаркую погоду рекомендуется поливать клещевину раз в 3 дня, выливая под каждый куст не менее ведра нагретой на солнце воды.
The soil under the young, only planted plants, you need to regularly loosen and keep clean from the weeds. The surface of the earth can be mulched by a layer of cut grass, tree bark or peat, humus. Mulch prevents the evaporation of moisture from the soil surface, does not allow weeds to germinate. To obtain the desired effect, the cover layer must be at least 10 cm.
A tall plant, although it has a strong root system, needs support. Durable count set immediately when planting castor bean seedlings. Later, the foliage will completely hide the support, and it will in no way affect the decorativeness of the plant.
The castor core is practically not affected by diseases in our latitude. In a cold and very humid summer, a flower can get late blight, bacteriosis, powdery mildew, and various rot. At the first signs of a disease, the plant is treated with Bordeaux mixture or another fungicide. With a strong infection, the plant is pulled out of the soil and destroyed. The ground at the growth site of the diseased plant is spilled with a hot raspberry solution of potassium permanganate or phytosporin.
Of the pests castor can annoy wireworm, caterpillars moths, meadow bugs. Get rid of the harmful insects on the plant, help spraying the flower bed with a three-day infusion of grass of bitter wormwood (one third of a bucket of chopped grass, filled with hot water and drawn) or garlic (a glass of chopped cloves on a bucket of water). Planted at the foot of the castor bean spicy greens (parsley, mint, dill, coriander), its aroma will scare away annoying harmful insects.
Castor bean is planted only with seeds. In the southern regions, you can sow the flower seeds directly into the ground, in May. In the middle lane and the suburbs prepare flower seedlings in mid-March.
Castor bean seeds are large, with a very dense shell. In nature, the seeds are pecked by the birds, passing through the digestive tract of the animal, where the seeds are exposed to hydrochloric acid, they easily and quickly germinate. To facilitate seed germination at home, it is necessary to break the integrity of the seed cover. To do this, wipe the seed with an emery paper or a little file with a file, then, soak it for a day in warm water. In water, you can drip epine or heteroauxin.Seeds
Ground for seedlings castor buy ready-made in the store or prepared from a mixture of peat, humus and sand (vermiculite). Cane is planted on one seed in separate glasses, with a volume of at least 0, 5 l (preferably 1 l). Peat pots can be used. The plant does not tolerate damage to the roots, so the pick is not carried out. In the open ground castor plant is planted very carefully, rolling over the bush from the pot, without destroying the earthen room.
The prepared castor seed is lowered into the soil to a depth of 2–4 cm, and the pots are removed to a warm place. Shoots, at a temperature of + 20 degrees, should appear within a week. It often happens that the rind of the seed does not fall off the castor bean seedlings, then it must be removed with tweezers, otherwise the leaves of the seedling may rot.
So that the seedlings do not stretch out, the pots with seedlings are placed on the lightest window sill with an air temperature of +15 +17 degrees.
Water the seedlings only with warm water, strictly under the root, avoiding stagnant moisture in the pan.
In the open ground castor plant is planted when the threat of frost is completely bypassed. The plant is rolled into the hole without destroying the earthy coma. If the castor is grown in a peat pot, the bush is buried directly in the pot, not forgetting to shed so much soil. Thin peat walls in the ground quickly get sodden, and will not become an obstacle to the roots of the plant. Between the bushes castor bean leaves gaps of 70 - 150 cm, depending on the size of an adult plant.Seedling
Large and bright palm-like plants are beautiful in their own right, and give the plot the spirit of the tropical African forest. Most often, castor beans are planted in single plantings or in small groups of 2 - 3 plants on lawns. It is not combined with other decorative krupnomer.
Often placed on one or a pair of copies of the flower at the entrance to the house or at the gate, gazebo. With the help of a large plant, you can close the unsightly wall of a building from sight or cover a compost pile, use it as a hedge for zoning a plot.
At the foot of the castor plant, stunted plants and flowers are planted, with lush foliage, which is combined in color with reddish shades of castor beetle. It can be undersized dahlias, monard, daylily, large-flowered marigold, mallow, phlox.
See also a video on the topic:
In the modern world, castor oil is considered a highly ornamental plant with many garden forms and varieties spread far beyond the limits of the natural zone - up to the UK. However, along with its extraordinary beauty, castor has an important negative quality - toxicity.
All parts of this plant are poisonous, especially seeds that contain ricin in an amount of 0.1% or more. The castor core is so poisonous that it is enough to eat 6 of its berries to cause very serious damage to the body.
Varieties and types
Castor bean (paradise tree) - perennial shrub with wide spreading bushes up to 2 meters high. Shoots may have green, red and brown with a blue patina color, large foliage - green.
Against this background, the flowers look rather inconspicuous and absolutely devoid of decorative value. The fruits in the oval-spherical boxes are covered with thorns, are up to 3 cm in diameter, and there are 8-25 seeds per gram.
Red Castor Oil - These are varieties with red foliage, such as
- castor bean heart, is the most poisonous, and one of the most beautiful, with spikes far out of the seeds,
- common domestic variety Cossack's castor (with red-brown shiny shoots and red-purple foliage with white dots at the edges of the teeth),
- castor gibzon (up to 1.5 meters in height, with burgundy foliage).
Cast iron bean varieties with a wonderful bronze color of foliage, such as Gibson Castor with a characteristic metallic luster of leaves and castor bead impala bronze, which has spectacular and bright red flowers.
Several are separated from other varieties:
- Zanzibar - its red and purple foliage,
- Cambodian - almost black color of the trunk and leaves,
- oracle - the incredible ability of foliage to change shade, depending on age and lighting,
- borbone - very tall and powerful, with a tree-like rich red stem (up to 15 cm thick) and green glittering leaves.
Castor bean planting and care in the open field
Growing some varieties of castor is accompanied by the accelerated growth of bushes. Planting castor beans in open ground is carried out in May, 3-5 individuals in group plantings.
It is very important to choose the right landing site - it should be sunny, have a constant level of humidity and be protected from drafts and frequent strong gusts of wind.
Castor bean watering
The castor is not related to capricious plants, however, it should be regularly watered to ensure its strength in flowering.
The approximate amount of water that you need to supply one plant every 5 days is 10 liters.
Castor Oil Soil
Chernozem is the most preferred ground for castor. If the summer cottage contains other types of soil, it is recommended to fertilize them with humus and compost in large quantities before planting.
You should also make a preliminary preparation of the soil, making it loose and water-breathable.
Castor Bean Transplant
The best way to grow castor in our climate is a seedling, as discussed below. Before that you need to say a few words about the transplant, which castor bean endures very hard.
For sowing seeds, it is better to pick up individual containers in advance, having a volume of at least 250 cubic cm. It is recommended to close the seeds to a depth of 2 cm.
Thus, during further transshipment, in front of which it will be good to water the plant to thicken the earthen coma, as well as during the initial development of the root system, the possibility of its damage is practically excluded.
Gardeners-experts advise to apply additional fertilizers in the form of nitrogen fertilizers before flowering.
When the formation of floral brushes begins, fertilizers must be replaced with potash-phosphorus.
Winter castor oil
In our climatic conditions, castor cannot in any way live in winter, therefore at this time of year it freezes and grows up as an annual.
Despite this, some gardeners grow a whole palm tree up to 4 meters high during the season.
Castor bean seed growing
In order to grow castor oil by sowing seeds on open ground, at the end of spring in the prepared soil, wells up to 10 cm deep are formed and 2-3 seeds are placed in them, after which they are covered with earth.
After 3 weeks, sprouts will appear, and when this happens, you need to carefully remove the oily peel stuck to the cotyledon leaves in order to prevent the seedling from rotting. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 12-14.
Planting castor bean seedlings
The above-mentioned method of growing castor bean seedlings involves soaking the seeds before planting for a day, which will allow them to develop intensively even in conditions of a low level of soil moisture.
In April, the seeds are placed on germination in bulk peat pots with a nutrient substrate (the usual 20-centimeter diameter clay pots with soil are well suited).
Seedlings are planted in the ground as usual - after the passing of the spring cold. Any prolonged cold snap can nullify the entire ornamental effect of this plant.
Growing castor beans
In especially favorable conditions, the perennial castor can reach up to 10 m in height. In our same latitudes - the middle band - the plant is cultivated solely as a heat-loving annual, and grows up to 3 m.
Castor oil is quite unpretentious, but it is best to grow it in sunny areas. The plant is very thermophilic and absolutely does not tolerate frosts, as, indeed, a prolonged cold snap, so sowing castor seeds in open ground before the second half of May is not worth it.
Castor bean is rather unpretentious, but it is best to grow it in sunny areas
The castor beetle prefers to grow in fairly moist areas with deeply cultivated nutrient (chernozem) loose soil.
Castor is grown only by seeds ripening in several pieces in fruits similar to spherical boxes covered with spikes.
Castor Bean Seeds
It is possible to plant castor seeds for seedlings from late March to mid-June, but I do this in mid-April. The seedlings sown at this time are rapidly developing, not stretched and do not outgrow. In addition, according to my personal observations, it was only in April that the castor bean seedlings had time to grow into a large, powerful plant during the season, in which high-grade seeds are formed and ripen.
Castor bean seeds do not germinate for quite a long time, and out of ten sown, as practice has shown, only 6-7 pieces sprout up at best, keep this in mind before sowing. In order to speed up the germination of large tug-like castor bean seeds, it is advisable to apply scarification: just before sowing, I rub each seed lightly with ordinary emery paper. After that, I soak them overnight in a growth stimulant solution (you can use any - “Epin”, “Heteroauxin”, etc.).
Castor bean seedlings grow unusually fast
Sowing castor seeds by the piece, to a depth of 1-2 cm, in liter plastic buckets, filled with earth only half. After pretreatment, they emerge rather quickly, literally for 3-4 days. Sometimes castor bean seeds are very difficult to get rid of the oily peel that covers the cotyledon leaves. In this case, I carefully remove it with tweezers. You can not leave - the leaves can rot.
The seedling of the castor bean begins to develop no less quickly - even before the appearance of the first true leaf, the stalks of seedlings stretch a little. Therefore, as soon as the first true leaf has appeared, I transfer the seedlings to a bright and cool place with a temperature of at least +15 ° C. As the seedlings grow rapidly, the soil is poured to the very edge of the bucket. Several times, the seedlings of the castor bean were stretched out by me, I had to roll over the plants in a larger tank.
Castor bean seedlings. Photo from dachnaya-zhizn.ru
I plant seedlings of castor in the ground only after the full completion of spring frosts, in late May - early June. In order not to injure the roots of the plant and to prevent the earthen coma from scattering, immediately before planting I pour water on the saplings abundantly, and only after that I carefully remove them.
Planting castling seedlings in open ground. Photos from www.ideesmaison.com
Castor bean seeds can be sown directly in the ground, but not earlier than the beginning of May, otherwise you risk losing young plants that simply will not sustain small return frosts. Sowing castor oil in open ground, try to put 2-3 seeds in each well.
Castor Bean Types
Since castor bean grew for a long time and grew uncontrollably under different climatic conditions, many variations of the appearance of this plant appeared, and it was rather difficult for scientists to systematize the genus. However, the majority of botanists agreed that the castor-bean, which is grown in the present time, despite the different forms and colors, varieties and varieties, can be safely called "the castor-bean." Today, several forms and types of castor beans are cultivated:
In the height of the castor bean reaches 1-1,2 m.
Durable green stem proudly carries large glossy leaves.
Borbon's castor oil
Borkonsky castor tree is up to 3 m high.
Borbon's castor oil
The plant boasts a strong red trunk and large shiny leaves.
Indian castor oil
Indian Castor Bean - a plant reaching a height of 1.2 m.
Indian castor oil
Very beautiful color: dark green leaves and almost black trunk.
The Gibson castor core reaches 1.5 m in height.
The leaves and trunk of the plant are dark red.
I tried to reveal all the secrets of casting the castor, I hope they will be useful to you.
Castor bean: plant descriptionThere is only one type - castor bean. These palm-like plants for a garden in our latitudes grow up to three meters in height, and in natural conditions of subtropics and tropics, castor can reach 10 m. Flowers have a powerful appearance, are hardy and do not require serious care. With such a decoration of the garden you can easily recreate the atmosphere of the subtropics.
In the tropics and subtropics castor grows as an evergreen shrub. Stems are erect, branchy plants. The inner part of the stems is hollow, sometimes red, pink, purple or almost black in color and covered with a bluish wax coating.
Castor bean leaves reach 30-80 cm in length, have deep incisions, uneven teeth, pointed tips. In the middle of summer, inflorescences of reddish or green flowers appear.On the same castor plant there are both male and female inflorescences. Male are located in the lower part of the stem, female - at the top. The flowers themselves are white or light cream in color.
The fruit of the plant is a spherical bare or barbed box with a size of 3 cm in diameter. Fruits give the plant a decorative appearance, located between the leaves.
Seeds ripen in fruits. They have a smooth, mosaic, shiny shell. Mosaic can be pink, light pink, brown. The background under the mosaic also comes in different shades - from gray to copper red.
Castor oil is produced from castor oil, which is well known in medicine and cosmetology.
Choosing a place for planting the castors that you need for effective growth
Castor oil is a heat-loving plant. Choosing a place for its landing, you need to take this into account. The place must be well illuminated, otherwise the plant will stretch into growth and break, especially if there are strong winds. Due to the lack of sun castor is not able to form seeds or does not bloom at all.
Favorable are the south-eastern side of the site. Castor oil can develop in partial shade, but in the sun the leaves become glossy, with a reddish tinge. If the sun is not enough, the leaves become saturated green.
You can locate plants on the site in various ways. The most popular options are as follows:
- Before entering the house,
- As a hedge around the perimeter of the plot (the distance between plants in this case can be reduced to 80 cm),
- Single landing on the site,
- As a plant tapeworm in the center of the lawn, flower beds.
Despite the fact that the plant is high, the root system is not very powerful, although it has a large taproot.
When disembarking, choosing a place, you must take into account the size of an adult plant. A castor can be high, sprawling, so the radius of the place must be at least a meter. При высадке нескольких растений в одно место, для выращивания куста, место в радиусе должно составлять не менее полутора метров.
Холодные температуры вредят растению, поэтому выращивание клещевины в районах с умеренным климатом возможно только рассадным способом. Directly in open ground can be planted in regions with warmer climates.The main feature of the plant is a very small percentage of germination of crops and a long time of germination. When seed planting, if you do not carry out preliminary preparation, seedlings will appear in 2-3 weeks. To speed up this process, seeds need to be rubbed with sandpaper before planting. Thus, the integrity of the shell will be broken, after which the planting material must be soaked in a special solution overnight.
Castor bean seeds can be sown in one of two possible periods for this. If we consider how to plant castor beans on seedlings, then it is necessary to sow in March or April. In case of sowing in open ground, this can be done in May, when the temperature is consistently high.
Rules for watering and feeding plantsThe castor bean is watered often. She does not like drought, especially during the flowering period. At this time, every morning you can water it with a bucket of water.
Before planting, fertilize the soil well with organic fertilizer. It is necessary to dig a hole with a depth of up to 40 cm and place manure on its bottom. Planted on top of the plant. When it comes time before the formation of inflorescences, it is good to make nitrogen. When the brush of a flower is laid, potash phosphate fertilizers are applied. Also for castor bean it is good to dust the soil with ashes. Throughout the summer, once every two weeks, it can be fed with fertilizer for flowering plants.
Soil care features
The castorina develops rapidly, in a year it can grow up to two meters. The composition of the soil should be well treated, loose and with a sufficient amount of nutrients. Soil - gray or black, containing sand and clay soils are not suitable.
It is especially important when planting seeds to ensure that the soil is sufficiently loose. For planting make up the soil of equal parts of humus, turf and leaf land. But you can prepare the land from the garden or take the purchase of land for seedlings.
Pest and disease prevention
The castor does not like weeds, especially carefully it is necessary to deal with them while the plant is still young. In the fragile cast iron age it is difficult to overcome the weeds on their own.As for pests, they do not affect castor oil. Therefore, it is not required to treat the plant with any chemical preparations. But diseases can affect castor oil. For the prevention of their occurrence, the seeds of the plant must be harvested from healthy cultures, they should be cleaned and treated. During the growing season, the plant is sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid or similar preparations.
Sowing seeds for seedlingsOften castor goes through cultivation from seed to seedlings. In March-April at home it is sown in separate pots. Immediately, separate containers are needed - this is a fast-growing plant and the seedlings are quite large.
To obtain good seedlings requires preliminary preparation of seeds. Deepen the seed in the ground to a depth of 2 to 6 cm.
The castor, the sowing of the seedlings of which was produced in early April, develops into a powerful plant. Planted seeds covered with a piece of cloth, and put the container in a well-lit place.
Only when it becomes noticeably warmer, can it be transplanted into open ground. This is usually June. In order for a sapling to settle down well after transplantation, it must be taken with a lump of earth in which it sprouted.
Sowing seeds in open groundSowing castor oil seeds directly into open ground is also a popular method. In order to carry out such a landing, you must wait for a stable temperature not lower than 12 degrees. This is usually the middle of May.
Seeds need to prepare for planting to make it easier to germinate. In the ground, the seed is deepened by 2-10 cm. 1-3 seeds can be placed in one well, as there is a chance that not each of them will germinate.
It is good to sow the castor in the open ground, if you arrange a greenhouse above it. This contributes to the growth of stronger seedlings. The castor oil garnish will decorate any site without requiring much time and energy for care.