General information

Features care for geraniums, how to grow a houseplant


Geraniums are unpretentious and willingly flowering plants. And yet, if geranium appears, care at home becomes the key to the duration of its flowering. It only depends on the care of the grower how long the external attractiveness of the plant will remain, how lush and bright the inflorescence will be.

For two hundred years of cultivation as indoor plants, geraniums have firmly entered the life of Russians. Pink, scarlet, white and variegated umbrella inflorescences of pelargoniums or geraniums can be seen on the windows of city apartments, on summer cottages on summer days and on the verandas of rural houses. A truly folk flower that has become truly a native of South Africa, to whom Russian conditions are not always comfortable.

In nature, wild geraniums are perennial plants:

  • with powerful, weakly branching shoots
  • with smooth or slightly pubescent split leaves,
  • with umbrellas inflorescences, which collected up to 20 individual flowers.

Culture is valued for the mass character and duration of flowering, which, with proper care for geranium at home, continues from spring to pre-winter. At the same time, many species are quite fragrant, and the docile nature of the plant is its great advantage.

At home conditions, decorative geranium varieties retain their decorative effect for at least 4–5 years. But properly organized care helps to extend the life of a blooming specimen to ten years and more. How to care for geraniums so that it blossoms, has long remained attractive and healthy?

Growing conditions and peculiarities of care for geranium to bloom.

Best of all, geranium feels on well-lit places and only on the hottest days it requires light shading from the sun's rays. If the pot is exposed to the north window or turns out to be in the depths of the room, the grower should expect that with a lack of lighting the shoots will stretch, the plant will lose its compactness and decorative effect.

How to care for geraniums at home, if you can not bring it to light, or lack of lighting threatens the plant in the winter? In winter, when keeping on the loggia or on the north windows, it is useful to use special fitolamps. Extending daylight hours to 12–14 hours is good for:

In geranium bushes that receive enough light, the newly formed stems have a rich color. The same applies to the foliage, which does not become smaller or paler, but remains juicy and bright.

In order for a geranium to bloom, caring for it necessarily involves maintaining a comfortable indoor temperature for a culture. It is best if the air in the room where the pot is:

  • in summer it can be warmed to 22–27 ° C,
  • in winter, during the rest period, it has a temperature of about 12–16 ° C.

Plants are good for ventilation, but like other indoor cultures, they do not like cold drafts. Next to hot radiators, geranium will also experience discomfort.

Watering and fertilizing indoor geraniums at home

Geranium can do without spraying or additional humidification of the air, but it perceives these procedures well. If in the care of geraniums, as in the photo, at home include foliage irrigation, then this should be done with warm water, filtered or pre-settled. Otherwise, on the bright foliage of the plant, unsightly spots from salt stains will appear.

Watering, as the main measure for the care of geraniums, should be abundant and regular. In summertime, it is important to moisten the soil under the bush as soon as signs of dry earthy coma appear. In winter, the intensity of irrigation is much less. On average, plants are watered more than once every 7–10 days. At the same time the soil should not dry out completely. If the leaves on the bush turn yellow, care for geraniums at home should be reconsidered. Obviously, the plant receives insufficient water, or the roots, feeling an excess of moisture, began to rot.

Geraniums are fast-growing crops that require not only watering, but also reimbursement of nutrients selected from the soil. Plant feeding is carried out from March to August, that is, in the midst of active growth and flowering.

To maintain the luxuriance of the inflorescence, potash fertilizers are used, with which geranium is fed twice a month. If a complex composition is chosen as feed, it is better to give preference to where the nitrogen compounds are the lowest. This element contributes to the growth of green mass, and the growing foliage inhibits the formation and opening of buds.

Trimming geraniums and home care in winter and spring

And for experienced flower growers, and even for beginners, caring for geraniums at home does not seem complicated and time consuming. But one operation always causes a lot of concern - this is pruning.

Geranium growth rate depends on the type and variety. But in all species, as the length of the stem increases, the lower leaves gradually wither and fall. Greens are only at the very tops. Inflorescences are also formed here.

As a result, if the shoots are not shortened in time, the geranium turns into a shapeless volumetric bush completely devoid of any attractiveness. To prevent this from happening, in the fall, when the emergence of new flowers ceases, geranium is cut.

The more pruning will be included in home care for geraniums:

  • the more new shoots are worth waiting for next spring,
  • the greener and thicker the plant crown will be,
  • the more abundant and longer flowering will be.

There are dormant buds on bare stems, so you should not be afraid of deep pruning. Moreover, the growth of geranium continues even in winter, and some particularly “fast-growing” plants have to be formed again, but by the end of February or in early March, before the active growing season began. Particularly important pruning zonal geraniums, which are most often found on the window sills of amateur flower growers. The royal varieties have somewhat different agricultural techniques, therefore such plants are formed more carefully and only in the second year after planting.

In winter, pruning geraniums at home care is best not to do, because from December to early February the plant goes to a period of rest, its defenses and metabolic processes are weakened. Cut at this time shoots are not suitable for rooting.

The tops cut from the shoots are not thrown away. This is an excellent material for breeding plants and obtaining new blooming geraniums. With this method, young parents completely retain all parental signs, and the first bloom is already possible in the first summer after rooting.

In the summertime, so that the withering inflorescences do not delay feeding on themselves, they are carefully cut off.

Transplanting geraniums at home and taking plants into the garden

How to care for a geranium flower at home, if the roots of the plant are completely tied up with a lump, there is not enough soil left in the pot and a large bush soon after watering fades noticeably?

In this case, it is impossible to do without a transplant, which is a real stress for geranium, as well as for other domestic plants. It is necessary to transfer the green pet to the new pot carefully, without breaking the existing earthen coma, and no more than once every two years. Every year you can only pour a little fresh substrate.

To bloom geranium was long and abundant, the plant developed well and gave new shoots needed:

  • loose soil rich in nutrients
  • powerful drainage
  • a small pot, with approximately the same depth and width.

As a substrate, ready-made soil is used for decorative indoor crops, where a little sand and humus are added, or a mixture of equal parts of humus, peat, turf soil and sand is made.

If the plant is taken out in the garden for the summer, then here it is better not to take it out of its usual container. This will help avoid:

  • the growth of the root system and green mass to the detriment of flowering,
  • contamination of geraniums with soil parasites and fungi, which are sufficient in garden soil.

And when in the fall, before the onset of cold weather, geraniums are brought back into the room, they cannot be immediately put on the usual window-sills to other cultures. To ensure the health of plants and the absence of pests, geraniums are satisfied with a monthly quarantine, and with alarming symptoms, they are treated with fungicides and insecticides.

Features of growing geraniums at home

The word "geranium" comes from the Greek "geranion" or "geranios", and translates as "crane" (the fruits of this plant really resemble the crane's beak).

The plant itself is a shrub whose height can reach 60 cm. There are two types: flowering or fragrant. In the second case, when flowering, it may resemble the smell of apples, roses, or even nutmeg.

Home geranium is undemanding to care, so she is widely accepted by mistresses into her home and rejoice at this beautiful flower. Geraniums get accustomed to their homes and you have to try to get this flower to hurt.

But, despite the simplicity, there are several features of growing geranium, which should be considered:

    Shine. Geranium is very fond of light, so it is often placed on the window sills, it is necessary to take into account which window to put geranium on (the southern side is best suited).

Important!In the summer, you can not leave the flower in direct sunlight.

  • Temperature. Geranium is not very capricious in terms of heat, but, nevertheless, in winter time, the room should not be cold (not lower than +10 С). If you want it to bloom all year round, you should provide it with light (in winter - the lamp) and put it in a warm place.
  • Watering. Watering is often necessary, but make sure that the water in the pot does not stagnate, as the roots of the plant begin to rot and geranium dies.
  • Important!Spray geranium can not. This flower does not need moist air, and such a procedure only hurts him.

    Climatic conditions for geraniums

    Since geranium comes from South Africa, then, accordingly, you should create a similar climate in your own home. Of course, this does not mean at all that it is necessary to constantly maintain the temperature in the room at 30 30С and fill the geranium with water, like during tropical rain.

    It is enough to keep the soil in the pot moist and to provide sufficient illumination to your little ball. The maximum comfortable temperature for a flower is from +10 to +30 degrees. The need for geranium in good lighting is due to the fact that in her homeland there is the largest number of sunny days in a year.

    Important!If there is a shortage of sunlight, an ordinary lamp that fits near the flower is perfect.

    Do not save, the choice of a pot for geraniums

    When choosing a pot for geranium, it is worth remembering the information that we considered above, namely: “How to water a roll at home”. You already know that geranium needs frequent watering, although water should not “stand” in a pot. Thus, when choosing a pot it is worth considering this moment.

    If to compare plastic pots and products from baked clay, then the last will be in priority, as the soil dries faster in them. The pot should not be very large, otherwise you risk growing a tree instead of a small flower. One plant is enough for a pot with a diameter of 14-15 cm and a height of at least 10 cm.

    What soil is needed for geraniums, fertilizing and plant grafting

    Now tell you about what land does geranium love. In this case, we, again, will help the knowledge that we have learned from the previous paragraphs. It is worth remembering 2 important points:

    1. The soil should be loose and unused,
    2. Soil should have good drainage properties.

    There are several varieties of soil that are well suited for geraniums:

    1. We use ordinary chernozem, which is sold in flower shops, paired with expanded clay, which is placed on the bottom of the pot,
    2. A mixture of black soil with river sand and fine gravel, which is placed on the bottom of the pot.

    The composition of the land "from the store" must include peat, which is required by the plant.

    Important!Despite good drainage, the ground in a pot needs to be loosened periodically to avoid root rot.

    Go to the choice of fertilizer for geraniums. Ordinary fertilizers from a flower shop that contain phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and trace elements. They are made no more than 2 times a month.

    It is best to feed a little shot after sunset, or rearranging the pot in the shade. Do not use liquid fertilizer if the soil is dry. Pre-water the flower. It is important to remember that fresh organic fertilizer can not be appliedotherwise the flower will dry.

    We now turn to the consideration of how to plant pot flowers.

    Grafting geraniumThis is a transplant piece of escape from one plant to another. This is done in order to get flowers of different colors / odors on one bush, or to form a decorative crown.

    Plant only strong plants at least 1 year old. This is done in the spring when the balls grow at a faster rate. It is important to do everything correctly and exactly according to the instructions that are set out and shown below.

    1. Make a V-cut on the stock. It should be smooth, smooth and less than the cut of the stock, and the length of the wedge and the cut part should be 2 centimeters.
    2. Insert the prepared cutting into the received groove, as shown in the picture.

    As you can see, the scion should have a live kidney next to the cut.

  • Graft and rootstock combine so that all parts of the stem coincided at least on one side. To do this, you need to choose the same diameter of the stem of the stalk and stem.
  • Important!You should not use a cutting that is larger in diameter than the stock.

    How to water a geranium

    Potted flowers should be watered often enough, especially in the warm season, when geranium blooms or its rapid growth occurs. During the "rest", in winter, the intensity of watering is reduced, leaving the ground slightly damp.

    If you notice a gray mold on the leaves or a characteristic putrid odor - this is an excess of moisture in the pot. In this case, you should either wait until the soil dries and do not water the flower, or transplant the geranium into a new dry substrate.

    It is worth remembering that too dry ground for a roll will not be as terrible as excess moisture, which stagnates in the soil. In hot weather, pelargonium is watered once a day. At medium temperatures and slight evaporation, watering is carried out every two days.

    Features trimming geraniums

    Now we look at how to trim the balls.

    Geranium should be cut off, regardless of its size and age. This is done in order to increase the number of inflorescences.

    The first stage of trimming passes before winter. This procedure helps the ball save more resources for a successful transition to a state of rest.

    We begin to cut only after the geranium has completely faded: we cut off half the length of the flower (this allows us to give more light to the root flowers and reduce the chance of infection by fungi). If the cuts over time began to turn black, they need to be shortened.

    Re-pruning produced in late February or early March. This is necessary if pelargonium over the winter is strongly stretched.

    Crop geranium need sharp blade, which before the procedure should be sanitized with an alcohol solution. Cuts are made obliquely above the leaf node.

    Pruning flowers and dried shoots are subject to pruning. In this case, you do not just make the bush more attractive and small, you help the plant to cope with possible problems, and reduce the risk of developing fungus on faded parts.

    Geranium Breeding Methods

    Here we come to the final stage of the article - reproduction. Geranium can be propagated in two ways: by seeds and cuttings. And now we will help you assess the pros and cons of each method.

    So, you have geranium seeds and you need to get some beautiful bushes out of them. Let's start with what you need to know before you begin:

    • Planting time,
    • Soil option for planting,
    • Germination period,
    • Moments of transplant.

    Optimal by time planting is the period when the plant is at rest (the beginning of winter - the middle of spring).

    Next you need the right substrate for the landing. In this case, perfect turf mix + sand + peat (in the ratio 2: 1: 1). It will not stagnate water, and peat will give a kind of feeding sprouted plants.

    After selecting the soil is worth preparing yourself seeds. To do this, they are treated with epine or zircon, and then soaked for 3 hours in water at room temperature.

    Seeds and soil are ready - go to the most landing. We spread the soil with a thickness of 0.5 cm, put the seeds on top and cover with glass. We place the box with the seeds in a bright room with a temperature of +20 degrees.

    The plant will germinate within one and a half weeks after sowing. The growth rate depends on several factors: the geranium variety, the room temperature and the storage period.

    After a leaf appears on a young plant 3-4 leaves, you need to produce planting geraniums in a pot. It is important to correctly sever the roots of several flowers that have not yet had time to crawl. Take a new pot with a diameter of the top of not more than 10 cm.

    The seed propagation method is rather long and laborious. Он подходит не всем, так как требует внимательности и соблюдения сроков. В следующем разделе мы рассмотрим метод размножения черенками, который используется намного чаще, нежели семенами.

    Many people know that geranium is easiest to propagate by cuttings, but hardly anyone will tell you the detailed instructions. Now we will teach you how to replant the little ball so that it will take root and grow on the new place.

    Transplantation of cuttings is carried out in early autumn, after flowering.

    1. We cut a strong and healthy stem 8-14 cm long. We cut the cut with a sharp knife (you can use the construction one) just below the knot.
    2. On the cut cuttings leave 2-3 top leaves, the rest are cut.
    3. The cutting is placed in a solution of the stimulator of the formation of roots (if any). In the absence of a solution, the chance of successful germination decreases, but does not disappear completely.
    4. Pour suitable soil in a pot with a diameter of about 10 cm, make a notch with a pencil and plant an escape.

    Now we need to make our cutting sprout. To do this, most often, use water.

    Important!This method is not suitable for royal geranium, as this variety does not have time to take root and just rot.

    Shredded coal is added to the water to prevent the development of diseases. And when the sprout has taken root, it is transplanted into a pot with earth and then cared for as an adult plant.

    After reading the article, you learned how to care for a little ball at home. We told you about the breeding options for geraniums, how to cut the bush and when to do it. Described the features of care for this beautiful plant. Now you will surely be able to pick up a pot and a primer for your pelargonium and be sure that it gets everything you need.

    Features of growing

    Geranium is not at all capricious in the care. But this does not exclude the presence of certain features of growth in the home. In decorative floriculture, you can find thermophilic and shade-loving varieties of the geranium family. Known and shade-tolerant and drought-resistant representatives. Therefore, even such an unpretentious flower as geranium requires special attention.

    Before buying a geranium one should find out what conditions a plant will need for a comfortable life. Otherwise, it is necessary to correct the mistakes made during the care, and this may not always be easy and fast. It should be understood that if you put a shade-loving geranium on the sunny side, then it is quite possible to ruin a flower.

    Be sure to pay attention to the appearance of geraniums. This is the brightest indicator of flower health. For proper growth, wilted flowers need to be removed, pinching young shoots to accelerate growth and flowering. Every year the geranium requires pruning to keep it decorative.


    Most indoor geraniums are light-loving plants. For them, the sunny side window sill will be an ideal place to grow. Shade-tolerant representatives of geranium can be located in full sun and in partial shade. Shade-loving geraniums prefer places where shadow, moisture and moderate temperatures reign.

    How often to water?

    No need to water the geraniums often. The main landmark is the top layer of the earth. If it dried up, then watering should be done. Use only defended water. It is not advisable to pour chlorinated water. The water temperature should be close to room temperature, so you can avoid burns of the root system or frostbite. Water should not fall on the stem and leaves of the plant.

    For preventive purposes fertilizing with universal fertilizers is recommended once every two weeks. Very often, the plant can show its appearance on the need for feeding.

    Trimming and Pinching

    Experienced gardeners advise you to prune geraniums every year, preferably in spring. It is necessary to do this so that every year the plant pleases with abundant flowering and does not lose its decorative effect. It is advisable to pinch the tops of the shoots. They can also be used for further rooting and obtaining new plants.

    Next you can see the photo of a flower in a pot.

    How to take care to bloom?

    For for geranium to bloom it is necessary to create some conditions, maintain them and carefully monitor the health of the flower. We present tips for beginners, how to care for a plant at home in a pot so that it blooms?

    • Geranium loves closeness, so in order for it to release the buds you need to repot it in a small pot. As soon as the root system fills almost the entire space of the pot, geranium can give all its power to flowering.
    • For the cultivation of geranium should choose the soil for flowering plants.
    • Flowering can be achieved with regular fertilizing. Preference should be given to potash fertilizers. It is also sometimes advisable to add nitrogen supplements. Organic is better not to use, it can harm the plant.
    • Annual pruning has a beneficial effect on the formation of buds. This way you can provide additional strength for flowering.

    Yellow leaves

    The most common problem with this plant is the yellowing of the leaves. For most gardeners, this is the worst dream, because they confuse it with illness. If there are no other symptoms of the disease, then for geranium yellowing of the leaves is considered normal. This is due to the fact that the plant sheds old leaves to form new ones.

    The yellowed edges of the leaves - a sign that says the need to increase the volume of watering. If, in addition to yellowing, there is lethargy, then watering should be reduced. When yellowing only the lower leaves should be moved to a more lighted place. Lack of light is considered the main cause of this problem.

    Another cause of yellowing can be considered an incorrectly chosen pot. If you choose a narrow container, the root system will not be able to develop properly, therefore, some parts of the geranium will begin to die off. After transplantation, the leaves may also turn yellow on the plant, there is nothing to worry about. You just need to cut them and geranium will grow further. Worry is to start when the flower is sick with rust, in this case it is necessary to urgently treat the infected geranium.

    The name is explained by the appearance on the leaves of rusty yellow zones after the disease. One can notice on the leaf plates the pads that, when opened, release spore powder. In the later stages of the disease, the plant fades and crumbles. The conclusion is the decay and blackening of the geranium. Treatment affects the affected plant only in the initial stages. Recovery consists of several procedures.

    1. Removal from the soil of weeds and fallen parts of the plant.
    2. Bottom watering.
    3. Fungicide treatment.

    The reasons why geranium does not bloom may be several:

    1. Not enough lighting.
    2. Temperatures are not met.
    3. Not properly selected pot.
    4. A large amount of fertilizer.
    5. Insufficient nutrients in the substrate.
    6. No trimming is done.

    Most of the items on this list are mainly due to impaired care., therefore, to eliminate them, it is only necessary to restore the correctness of the treatment of the flower. You can simply provide the plant with a source of additional lighting - a fluorescent light. If possible, then simply move to a more suitable place. More difficult question about soil, it is necessary to choose it carefully. About which substrate to choose was written above.

    Two options are possible:

    1. Dry edges of leaves - the result of insufficient watering. Normalizing watering, you can reanimate the flower.
    2. Dries the flower itself. The cause may be a fungal disease. For the treatment of geranium it is necessary to add a solution of Bordeaux composition to the water for irrigation. Plus, you can treat the plant Fitosporin twice. There should be 14 days between treatments.

    Mushroom Botrytis

    It is fairly easy to recognize this disease because its symptoms are very specific. When infected with a fungus, the geranium is stained with gray and down. The plant looks lifeless and lethargic. On the stems can be found patches of brown. The first stage of the disease begins with the decay of the stem. Next, the fungus moves to the leaves, which will cause them to fall.

    Rehabilitation of infected geraniums consists of several stages.

    1. Cleaning the soil from weeds and fallen parts of the plant.
    2. Loosening the earth to improve the processes of absorption and drying.
    3. Remove infected parts of geraniums.
    4. Chemical treatment of flower fungicides.

    Watering is desirable to carry out until 11 am to improve the absorption and drying of the earth.

    Root rot

    The main cause of root rot is infection by a fungus. Symptom of the disease is yellowing of the foliage. After the first signs appear, a change in yellow to brown, black can be observed after some time. Moreover, the geranium is covered with a light film similar to a web.

    To eliminate the disease it is necessary:

    1. Loosen the soil.
    2. Remove infected areas of the plant.
    3. Treat fungicides for weeping soils.

    Do not use high nitrogen fertilizers.

    Bacterial disease

    The cause of the disease is the appearance of germs. Symptoms of infection are easy to recognize. On the leaves appear brown spots in the shape of a triangle.

    1. It is advisable to transplant the plant in a new soil. If this option is not suitable, then the soil must be cleaned.
    2. Water only in the morning.
    3. Treat with fungicides.

    Viral infections

    All symptoms of viral infections vary widely. Maybe the plant will stop growing or on it will appear circular spots of brown-purple hues. Infections are considered carriers of viral infections. Therefore, treatment should be accompanied by the disposal of the room where the flower grows from them. Rehabilitation itself is no different from the treatment of bacterial diseases.

    Leaf spot

    • Alternaria Symptoms of the disease: the appearance of bubbles and spots on the back of the leaf plate. Further the leaf turns yellow and falls.
    • Cercospora On the plant you can notice pale hollow areas, which after a while become gray. The next stage of the disease is characterized by a change in the color of the affected areas from gray to brown. And in the center they rise a little.

    1. Remove affected areas.
    2. Thaw the spikes.
    3. Treat with fungicides.

    With edema, light green bubbles can be found on geranium leaf sheets.filled with liquid. Over time, they become brown in color. Causes of edema: a surplus of moisture and low air temperature and soil. It is quite easy to get rid of edema - it is necessary to create optimal conditions for growing.

    It is quite easy to care for geraniums, even if it is sick, the treatment does not constitute major difficulties, the main thing to notice the problem in time. And for this you need to be just more attentive to the beauty of geranium. In response, she will give beautiful flowering and create a healing atmosphere in the house. A medicinal plant can kill many bacteria and heal various diseases, starting with the common cold and ending with purulent wounds.

    Geranium: General Information

    Its scientific name geranium - pelargonium - translated from Greek means "stork" or "crane". This unusual name of the plant was due to the fruit - long as a bird's beak.

    In the world there are more than 400 species of geraniums that can be found almost throughout the world, about 40 species are found in Russia. It is noteworthy that in Germany geranium is called “the nose of a stork”, and in the United States and England - the crane.

    This is a meadow annual or perennial plant, growing to 60 cm. The leaves are soft, covered with hairs, have palmately lobed or palmately dissected forms. Large flowers have 5 correctly arranged flowers, usually collected in inflorescences. They can be double and smooth, among shades there are white, red, purple and blue.

    Among the most popular species home geraniums are present:

    1. Ampelskaya: has long branches hanging down, so it is better to hang it in pots,
    2. Scented: it has a strong aroma, which may differ depending on the varieties: it can be lemon, vanilla, wormwood, rose and others,
    3. Zone: the double color of flowers is clearly separated from each other,
    4. Royal, other names Martha Washington, royal, English, noble or home: the dark spot that is located on all the petals of large flowers,
    5. Angels: a separate species, characterized by a long flowering period and a pleasant aroma,
    6. Gardening, magnificent, large rooted, blood-red: these species belong to the garden species of the flower, which have strong developed roots

    In addition to "pure" varieties, there is a huge number of hybrids that can be grown by yourself. Among the domestic species, the name pelargonium is often found. They belong to the same geranium family, but differ in appearance. Despite this, care for pelargonium at home, as for geranium, is almost the same.

    How to care for geraniums

    Home care for geraniums, whose photos are easy to find, brought fruit, is necessary observe the basic conditions:

    1. Geranium feels great at room temperature: in summer it can fluctuate in the range of + 20-25 degrees, in winter it should not fall below + 10-14 degrees. It is better to choose a place away from the drafts.
    2. But to the light, the flower is more capricious: the plant can even be left in direct sunlight without fear of harm, since a lack of light leads to shredding of leaves and flowers. The only thing that may be required is to turn the pot from time to time so that the plant forms on all sides. In winter, the lack of light is compensated by fluorescent lamps. If the light is not enough, the leaves will begin to fade rapidly.
    3. For geranium, the simplest purchased universal soil is suitable. You can cook it yourself, mixing 1 part of turf and foliage, one and a half parts of humus and half of the sand. Drainage should be put on the bottom of the pot.
    4. The flower loves moisture and requires regular and frequent watering. In this case, the water should not stand in a pot or fall on the leaves. High humidity is also contraindicated. It is possible to use distilled water from under the crane, rain and thawed moisture also will approach. In winter, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering by half, as the plant is at rest.
    5. Transplanting is required only if the pot is small. You should not choose large pots: geranium treats them poorly and blooms profusely only in “crampedness”. The optimal size will be: height 12 cm, diameter - 12-15 cm.
    6. The plant is not demanding to complementary foods and is content with standard mineral fertilizers. They are made from March to September twice a month. You can also use specialized fertilizers for geraniums.
    7. To form a beautiful appearance, you can occasionally prune the top and side branches, as well as remove dry leaves and flowers.
    8. Pelargonium breeding occurs by cuttings at any time of the year.

    Correct transplant

    Geranium bad for a transplantand therefore it is better not to change pots more often 1-2 times a year. The reasons may be the following factors:

    1. The roots became cramped: you can check this by carefully pulling the geranium out of the pot,
    2. Due to excess moisture, the flower began to wilt,
    3. Despite the care, geranium does not develop and does not bloom,
    4. The roots are very bare.

    Pelargonium is usually transplanted in the spring, from February to April, but it doesn’t matter: you can transplant a plant even in winter, only a bush will take root longer. It is also not recommended to touch a flowering plant: it already spends a lot of energy on flowering and will not perceive the new house badly. Instead of transplanting, you can update the top layer of soil, adding fresh as needed.

    Some growers as a supplementary care every spring, transplant geraniums outside into a flower bed, and in the fall they “take” it back. This helps to improve the plant itself, and at the same time split roots for breeding.

    1. It is necessary to prepare all the tools, and treat the pot with bleach solution, if it has already been used for another plant. This will avoid the transmission of the disease.
    2. On the bottom of the pot is laid drainage. It may be small stones or foam.
    3. Geranium poured to the ground was wet. Then you need to turn the pot and carefully remove the plant from it, trying not to break or damage the roots. To separate the ground from the pot, on the walls and the bottom you can knock a little.
    4. Roots inspect, and in case of detection of rot or signs of illness, carefully cut.
    5. The flower is dipped in a pot and covered with empty places with earth, slightly watered, compacted and poured more soil.
    6. After transplantation, the geranium is removed in a dark place for a week, then transferred to the allotted place. After 2 months, you can make feeding.

    Similarly, transplant the plant from the street in the autumn before the onset of frost. If necessary, you can make gentle pruning. To do this, shorten all shoots, leaving about 20 cm. The cut should be a few millimeters from the node. During the winter, geranium will not be able to produce strong enough stems, and therefore pruning will have to be repeated in February-March.

    Geranium cuttings are propagated in spring.

    To propagate new varieties in late February or early March, seeds are sown using loose soil rich in nutrients.

    Если берётся земля со своего участка, её нужно предварительно полить раствором марганцовки для обеззараживания.

    Семена лучше прорастают, если накрыть ящик плёнкой. Small plants will need additional lighting, you can use fluorescent lights. After about 2 months they are seated in separate pots.

    The most common diseases are:

    1. Gray rot on the leaves. Diseased leaves are carefully removed, and the bush is sprayed with antifungal drugs.
    2. Root rot - occurs with frequent watering. It is desirable to transplant the flower, cutting off rotten roots.
    3. Whitefly. It is possible to suspect the appearance of a pest if the geranium leaves suddenly began to turn yellow. It will take a drug like Actellic. It may have to be processed several times.
    4. Mealy dew. Leaflets acquire a characteristic look, covered with a whitish bloom. This is a fungal disease, and it is necessary to treat it using Topsin-M or Topaz preparations.
    5. Aphid. Tiny creatures can be seen on the undersides of the leaves. The shops sell a lot of drugs that will help get rid of pests.
    6. Rust is a fungal disease, it is characterized by the appearance of rust stains on the leaves. Used for the treatment of fungicides.

    In addition, geraniums can get sick and stop blooming if the conditions of detention are violated. For example, there is a lack of light or the soil is too wet.

    In general, subject to simple rules, flowering bush will be the main decoration of your window.