As a result of the intensive work of breeders with ducks of the X-11 breed, the Temp duck was obtained, the description, the characteristics of which are discussed in the article. The ducks of Tempo breed stand out against the background of other birds with excellent productive characteristics, precociousness and high egg production. The vitality of the young and unpretentiousness in the care brought these waterfowl in the first rows in popularity.
Duck Pace: breed description and characterization
Duck plumage Temp - dense and snow-white. Beak and paws are orange in color. Medium head and beak. The eyes have the appearance of two dark points. The tail is neat, short. The trunk is of medium size, but much depends on the age of the bird. Drakes are traditionally larger than females. At the age of two months, the duck has a weight of more than 3 kg.
Duck breed temp
The females of the Temp breed are distinguished by precocity and excellent egg-bearing abilities. Of course, they are inferior in terms of the number of eggs to ducks to record-breakers, to Indian runners, who, undoubtedly, are well-deserved egg-laying ducks. However, females carry between 150 and 160 large eggs during the breeding season. More than 90% of them are fertilized. The output of young stock is about 70%.
Ducklings Temp are characterized by high survival rate and unpretentiousness. The breeder with the naked eye sees the growth of chicks from day to day. The smallest ducklings enough to eat cottage cheese, boiled egg and millet. It is desirable that the bird had free access to feed and clean, fresh water all day. Water in sufficient quantity is a mandatory requirement when growing duck tempo, description, characteristics which is shown on the site page.
Grown-up babies are recommended to gradually introduce high-quality compound feed into the diet, rich in crushed grain, as well as vitamins and microelements. Visibly growing young on the run. If a water body is available to the waterfowl, then the use of algae as a feed has a great effect on the growth rate and quality of the meat. Some breeders who do not have a pond near the farm catch algae with nets and bring them home to transport. Duck Tempo eagerly eats such a treat.
We recommend to read the article: Popular breeds of ducks.
Cultivation of ducks of cross-country of Temp in industrial scales
The process of the appearance of ducks of this breed has a rather complicated background. Initially, in order to enhance growth and obtain an early maturing variety with good productivity, the X-11 cross was developed, which is a Cherry-Valley cross that was adapted in the Russian climate. In turn, Cherry Valley, famous for its good meat and egg productivity, was obtained as a result of breeding activities with Peking ducks.
Bird feeder do it yourself
A continuation of the breeding work with cross-country X-11 was the breeding of the breed, known under the name Temp. Now with this high-performance cross-country breeding research carried out by the Belarusian AUCF. It is characterized by the presence of two lines:
- maternal M-2, created for sufficiently productive egg production, high hatchability and safety of ducklings,
- paternal L-1, for which the purpose of selection was a good growth rate, massiveness characteristic of meat breeds, the safety of the young, a high degree of fertilization of eggs.
Belarusian variety - distinctive features
Ducks Cross Temp
The zonal station focused on conducting experiments in the poultry industry of BelZOSP has been operating in Zaslavl for 48 years. Here not only unique new breeds and crosses of ducks, as well as chickens are derived, but also standards are created that regulate the technology of their maintenance and rational feeding.
Further improvement of the Tempo cross-country makes it possible to achieve a sufficiently high rate of young stock preservation (≈ 70%), which at a seven-week-old age can weigh 3.5 kg. The flavor characteristics of meat are almost identical to the famous breed from England Cherry Valley.
The Belarusian duck species attracts with its excellent adaptive abilities to Russian conditions.
It is appreciated among private traders who purchase ducks Temp offered by Belarusian breeders, their low-fat meat (percentage of fat ≤ 20%), which does not have a specific smell. At the same time, the broiler duck belonging to the Tempo breed has a fairly high egg production rate. One individual, beginning to rush at six months of age, is capable of producing about 150 eggs by the end of the year. The following year, for nine months, this figure can be 220 pieces.
Adult individuals of cross-country Pace on walking
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Feeding regime and optimal diet
Approximate nsrmy feeding ducklings, g per head per day
Particular attention is paid to feeding daily chicks duck Temp. By nature, they have a fairly fast metabolism, which contributes to the short period of absorption of absorbed food.
It is possible even with tactile touches or to visually observe the energetic movements of the intestines when it is undergoing digestion. Such an exceptionally high level of genetically incorporated metabolic processes contributes to the rapid growth of young stock.
All body systems also work intensively and actively. The body temperature of 42 degrees in ducks of the cross. The tempo is considered normal, the number of heart contractions reaches 200 beats per minute, the number of breaths-expirations reaches 35 movements per minute. With such a rhythm of vital activity, a sufficiently high oxygen consumption occurs. The digestion of the duck by the body of all the necessary nutrients occurs in full, because it is fully adapted to the rapid digestion of the resulting feed.
Considering that the Pace breed is most often divorced in the household in order to get excellent taste, tender meat, then the ducklings will be fed plenty. This means that the feeders should not be empty. The first three days, the chicks are given a steep, crushed egg with porridge, and then greens are introduced into the mixture, a little curd, and the porridge is gradually replaced by crushed grain.
A ten-day ducklings in the mash are added boiled and crushed potatoes. During this period, chicks are transferred from four meals to two meals a day. Water must always be present in special containers.
Characteristic features of the content
Duck chicks belonging to the Tempe breed are very active, mobile. They perfectly adapt to low temperatures, grow quickly, and are distinguished by their endurance. Ducks of this breed can do without a reservoir.
Small ducks are taken to the paddock already at the age of five days. It is desirable to have an indoor aviary that protects children from overheating by direct sunlight, as well as providing shelter from the rain. In the house should always be dry straw or chip litter, which is replaced as needed.
Neat indoor poultry house with a fenced range
In industrial duckering, usually a duck intended for meat is not grown for more than 49 days. An earlier period is disadvantageous because the meat yield is low. Continued feeding of livestock over this period is economically disadvantageous, since more adult feed is required. Another reason is about 55 days of juvenile molting, which is quite long and lasts about two months. During this period, the duck, losing its plumage, is covered with small rudiments of growing new feathers, which are difficult to remove.
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Origin and distribution
The distant relatives of the white ducks of the Cross Temp breed were the cold-resistant Cherry Valley, bred for living in the Russian climate from the English breed X-11. Cherry Valley had quite good productive indicators, however, Belarusian breeders decided to cross them with Peking duck, which is an exclusively meat breed. As a result, ducklings (called Temp) appeared, whose feature was precociousness and abundant egg production.
You can also add that the minimum percentage of hatching chicks is 70%, which is an excellent indicator.
At the moment, this snow-white breed can very often be found at private farmers, as well as at professional breeders of poultry in Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.
Experienced farmers immediately distinguish the cross "Temp" on their external data, which distinguish them from any other domestic duck:
- Head. Small, proportional to the body.
- Beak. Yellow, large, not very narrowed to the end.
- Eyes. Two dark (black) points.
- Neck. Pronounced, long, has a slight bend.
- Wings. Large, have a wide scope with dense plumage.
- Feathers. The snow-white color, tight to each other.
- Torso. Large, has the shape of an oval.
- Tail. Small, slightly raised upwards, does not have long tail feathers.
- Paws. Proportional, large, yellow.
All representatives of the cross-country are relatively unpretentious and very easy to maintain.
Since the bird is considered precocious, it is already gaining weight by the age of two months. Females usually weigh about 2.5 kg, drakes can weigh more than 3 kg. The breeders of this bird claim that during active growth (the first 2–2.5 months of life) the birds grow literally “in front of their eyes”, and during the night they become noticeably larger.
The meat of these birds is characterized by low fat content (less than 20%), as well as the absence of a specific smell. Ducks are famous for their high egg production rates. During the reproductive period, one female can lay from 150 large eggs, which are 85–90% fertilized.
Despite the simplicity of this bird, certain rules should be strictly followed. The duck family should live in a covered house and have a walking yard, as chicks and adults need to knead their legs and wings daily.
Necessary conditions in Utyatnik
The Utyatnik should be fairly light (at night, additional lighting is not required, as it causes stress), dry and spacious: each individual should be able to move freely around the “house”.
An important point is good ventilation of the room: it is an excellent prevention of many diseases.
Representatives of this cross-country are frost-resistant ducks, so the temperature is +18. + 20 ° С is quite optimal for them, at a humidity of 60–70%.
On a clean (preferably disinfected) floor, it is imperative to lay the flooring out of straw, shavings or peat (height - not less than 15 cm). Some breeders sprinkle a layer of lime before flooring to get rid of excess moisture, but this is not necessary.
Laying ducks are required. They should be in a secluded place (away from the passage). You can make them from a mound of straw or fluff, and if you want to build your own hands from plywood, for which the bird will be very grateful.
Every few days it is imperative to partially change the litter, and once a week to remove the entire flooring and lay a new one. Once every two weeks it is desirable to carry out general cleaning with disinfection.
Features of the content of chicks
Cross ducklings as well as adult birds are considered relatively unpretentious.
However, in order to achieve a 70% retention rate for chickens, a few simple rules must be followed:
- The diet of babies is somewhat different from parental nutrition.
- In the first couple of weeks, the temperature in the duck should preferably be raised to +28. + 30 ° C. After this period, the chicks will get stronger and will be able to live in lower temperature conditions.
- In the presence of duck babies, additional lighting should be installed. For optimal growth of daylight hours, the first week should be 22 hours, the second - 14. In the third week of life, strong ducklings can go into the “adult mode”.
- Young animals are more susceptible to all sorts of diseases, the number of cleanings is recommended to increase.
Walk and day regimen
Of course, one bird will not be enough for birds. The family must spend the daytime on the street. To do this, you need to build a walking yard, at the rate of 3 square meters per bird. Over the courtyard there must be a shed to avoid sunstroke.
Ideally, a small door is made from the house to the courtyard, which is open throughout the day, and in the evening ducks are driven into the house and the door is closed at night. Inside the poultry yard, you can make several “floors” so that the bird can warm up during the day.
The fence for the walking place will be a high fence or mesh.
Ducks have a slightly different breeding process from other domestic ducks. To get good offspring, the best ducks and drakes are selected at the rate of 7: 1 (females: males). Sexual maturity in ducks occurs approximately on the 6th month of life and is divided into two periods of activity: spring and autumn. At this time, the male shows interest in females, after which they rush into the nests assigned to them (if there is not enough flooring in the nest, the duck will add its feathers to it).
After 28 days of languid waiting and diligent incubation, the first “beaks” begin to appear. By 35–40 days, usually the whole family is already hatched and ready for rapid growth.
A special feature of the ducks is that if they wish to lay other people's eggs (such as chicken), she will refuse to engage them and most likely just throw them out of the nest. Ducks of this species can be bred by incubation.
Ducks of this breed rarely suffer from serious diseases, provided that they are properly kept and that several necessary conditions are met:
- in addition to ventilation, it is necessary to additionally ventilate the room every week,
- to adhere to sanitary standards and to clean the utyatnik in time,
- make sure the litter and perches are dry,
- once in 2 weeks it is advisable to drink water with the addition of vitamin A, D and E 6 drops per liter of water (this will greatly enhance the immune system),
- in no case it is impossible to limit the bird in the range for a long time.
Dilution of Tempo cross is not only pleasant, but also extremely profitable. With little effort and effort, the farmer will get excellent, and most importantly - lean meat, without a specific smell.
Resistance to diseases is considered to be a separate advantage of this breed, because these birds rarely get sick with proper care. And for breeding a beautiful breed, it is enough just to create a duck tribe and “hint” to the bird, where to incubate.