Near the rivers and streams, on large glades and vast meadows you can find such a medicinal plant as burnet. The burnet is a perennial plant with powerful roots. This plant has very thin and very long stems, they reach one and a half meters, and the leaves in its shape resemble feathers, and they are called feathery. The final inflorescences of the burnet drug or drooping, or spiciform, they bloom a lot of small flowers.
Burnet well tolerates winter. Previously, plants attracted attention only for beautiful flowers - take, for example, a rosebush or lily. In our time, plants are valued for stately leaves, graceful stems and in general for the harmony between the elements of the plant. From now on, the burnet is recognized not only as a curative, but also as a rather interesting ornamental plant. Breeders are not asleep and bring more and more new and very beautiful species of this plant.
The use of burnet
We remind you that the decoction prepared from the roots of burnet is taken not only inside but also externally. The broth, which should be taken orally, has bactericidal properties in relation to Escherichia coli, all kinds of microbes of the dysentery and paratyphoid groups, and also has a procytocidal effect. Decoction, made on the basis of the root of the burnet, should be used in such diseases as diarrhea of various etiologies, ulcerative nonspecific colitis, in chronic enterocolitis, in intestinal, gastric, pulmonary, hemorrhoidal, renal and uterine bleeding and with heavy menstruation.
Basically, in folk medicine, the burnet is used as a strongly astringent, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic drug. Externally, the burnet is used in cases of non-healing wounds, such as stomatitis, tonsillitis, burns, varicose veins of the legs.
What types of burner can be consumed? If you have a disease such as intoxication or gastrogenic diarrhea or enterocolitis, then restoring is applied as a decoction and liquid extract. Funds based on the burnet have a hemostatic effect in gastric, intestinal, uterine, and renal bleeding. When stomatitis and gingivitis decoction is taken with the purpose of rinsing. For external use, the plant is used as an extract.
To stop a headache or cure a sore throat, tuberculosis, stop bleeding, it is necessary to take a decoy of burnt. Also, drink broth with heavy menstruation or diarrhea. To burnet burner helped you as a healing agent for wounds, use broth externally. Similar methods are very common in traditional medicine in countries such as China, France, Russia and Poland.
Decoy on the basis of the leaf burnet is very famous in China. It is used in folk medicine as a painkiller and hemostatic agent for hemorrhaging, pulmonary, intestinal and uterine bleeding, polymenorrhea.
The near-earth part of the burnet, namely the part of the stem almost at the base of the plant, is used as an astringent, bactericidal, procytocidal and hemostatic, as well as an anti-inflammatory agent for ulcerative colitis and dysentery.
Preparation of burnet
To prepare a decoction based on rhizomes of the burnet, it is necessary to calculate the ingredients as follows: for two teaspoons of the roots of the burnet they use one glass of water. After that, the composition is put on a low fire and boil for about 15 minutes. The water will gradually boil away, fresh water will be added to its place, to the previous volume. Drink the broth should be one or two tablespoons from three to six times a day for half an hour before meals.
Properties of burnet drug
So, let's talk about the beneficial properties of the drug burnet. Basically, rhizomes are used for decoctions. Roots reach twenty centimeters in length, they should be collected in September, when the plant begins to dry. Tastes root astringent, and the smell is almost not felt.
In the rhizomes of the burnet contains about 13% tannins from the pyrogallic group, in the roots their content reaches 20%. Also, the roots of the burnet contain several acids. These are oxalic, ellagic and gallic acids. But this is not the entire list of elements that are at the root of the burnet. There are still present starch, pigments, sterols, vitamin C, essential oil, calcium oxalate, gallotanins, carotene, saponin sangvisorbine. The leaves of the same burnet contain 1.8% ascorbic acid and essential oil.
Now let's talk about the healing properties of the plant. The roots and rhizomes of burnet have hemostatic, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and procytocidal properties.
Several tests of this plant were carried out to find out exactly how it affects a person’s recovery. The results are as follows: the medical burner, or rather the extract contained in its root, has such healing properties as a vasoconstrictor and anti-inflammatory, but if taken inside, it slows down the intestinal motility.
Studies on nutrient media showed an antiseptic effect of the extract in relation to Escherichia coli; it is worse expressed in relation to typhoid, dysentery and paratyphoid sticks.
Collection and drying of the burnet
The most important for decoctions of the part in the burnet of medicinal recognized roots and rhizomes. Harvest them at the time of fruiting plants. During this period, the burnet is distinguished from the rest of the series of herbs due to the dark red inflorescences.
Dig the plant should be shovels, and in any case not to pull the stems out of the soil. Shovels should have gutter rounded blades. In order to preserve the thickets, part of the plants should be left for renewal (1 or 2 plants per 10 square meters). You can repeat the procurement at the same place after the ten-year period. After the rhizomes have been dug, it is necessary to shake them off the ground, after which they cut the stems and wash them in water, always in the cold.
After cutting off the stems and washing the plant, it is laid out for incomplete drying. After the plant is more or less dried out, it is necessary to cut off the remaining stems located near the base of the rhizomes. Then the rhizomes are cut into pieces equal to 20 centimeters. Spread the rhizomes in the fresh air, so that they linger a little, and then lay out in the sun to dry completely. Drying of raw materials can be in the attic, in the oven at a temperature of 45 degrees or in dryers. Do not place the raw material on metal trays or grates. Because of this, the burnet can turn black and lose all of its medicines. Finally, you can understand that the roots are dried, then when they, instead of bending, break. You can store this raw material for about five years. We remind you that there is practically no smell of burnet, and the taste is astringent. The most significant crops of burnet are in Tatarstan, in the Urals and in Siberia. It is there that the abundant preparations of the burnet are conducted.
Botanical description: looks like a krovloblebka
This perennial plant grows over a meter in height, has elegant feathery leaves and small dark red flowers collected in the head. Some types of krovokhlebki are so good in appearance that flower growers plant them in their garden for decorative purposes. The herb has a powerful root, which is its main healing value. Pickles flourish only in the third or fifth year of his life.
The composition of this plant is diverse and multifunctional in terms of beneficial to the human body qualities.
Organic acids, which are widely present in the kinket, stimulate the production of digestive juices, normalize the acid-base balance of the body, and also promote the breakdown of fats and inhibit the growth of bacteria.
And the sterols present in the grass enhance the protective functions of the immune system, contribute to the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, clearing the vessels from the "bad" cholesterol.
Possessing bactericidal, astringent and anti-inflammatory qualities of tannins have a vital effect on the course of the digestive process and on the optimization of the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. The presence of essential oils, which by means of their antispasmodic, sedative, bactericidal and other properties can positively affect the nervous system and the activation of the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, is noticeable in the grass.
The blood staple is saturated with vitamin C, the benefits of which are known to everyone, as well as the famous free radical fighter - carotene, which has not only outstanding antioxidant qualities, but also strengthens the human immune system.
There are also saponins in the plant, which, in addition to their known ability to clean up the broncho-pulmonary system, fighting mucus and taking out sputum from it, also optimize mineral and water-salt exchanges.
Minerals are very widely represented in this herb in the form of macro- and microelements:
This herb grows throughout Europe and North America, as well as in some regions of Asia. She loves to settle on the banks of rivers, in swamps, in flood and dry meadows, on forest edges and clearings, in scrublands, on the slopes of cliffs. High medicinal qualities of the drug cots led to the active extraction of its root, as a result of which its range narrowed.
Use: medicinal properties
The content in the grass of a large number of useful substances determines its unique healing properties, which are expressed in such qualities:
- wound healing
Indications for use: under what diseases
A variety of multifunctional and useful qualities of a burner make it possible to effectively use it in treatment:
- internal bleeding,
- poorly healing wounds
- trophic ulcers,
- festering wounds
- inflammation in the uterus,
- inflammation of the mucous membranes,
- intestinal inflammation,
- stomach ulcers,
- pulmonary problems
Use in traditional medicine
Folk healers use this plant, primarily based on its main name - to stop various bleeding: gastric, intestinal, uterine, pulmonary, hemorrhoidal, and others. Also actively used drugs from the krovokhlebki drug to combat gastrointestinal problems, in particular, diarrhea and dysentery.
Folk healers are effectively fighting with this herb with inflammations on the skin, soft tissues and mucous membranes, gynecological problems, as well as diseases of otolaringichesky and dental nature.
The ability to obtain blood donor drugs quickly, for example, with dysenteric bacteria, allows them to be widely used in the treatment of children - as disinfectants, anti-inflammatory, as well as painkillers and astringents for diarrhea, intestinal infections and enteritis. They are also effective in combating inflammatory processes in the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.
Medicinal preparations from this herb have been well recommended in treating conjunctivitis and ear diseases in infants.
Root decoction root decoction used by compresses and lotions is highly effective in treating various inflammations on the skin in children.
Drugs from this plant have long been proven to be an effective remedy that quickly stops blood during uterine bleeding, as well as normalizing the flow of menstruation. This is favored by the pronounced ability of the plant to have a reducing effect on any smooth muscle in the internal organs of the human body, including the uterus.
And the broad anti-inflammatory capabilities of drugs from the blood-nibbling allow them to inhibit inflammation in the appendages and thereby optimize the menstrual cycle.
Contraindications for the use of drugs from the bloodthorn primarily concern people with intolerance to the components of the plant.
Also, do not take drugs from this herb when the blood vessels are blocked, because the drugs have the ability to constrict blood vessels. For the same reason, they should not be taken for hypertension and for headaches caused by it.
The inhibition of intestinal peristalsis with these preparations explains the undesirability of their use in constipation.
It is not recommended to take these drugs and nursing mothers.
Tincture for internal use
A three-liter jar should be half filled with the crushed roots of the plant and then pour vodka into the neck.
A month later, the tincture can already be taken orally six times daily, two large spoons. This tincture is indicated for problems with the thyroid gland, gastrointestinal tract, nasopharynx, and oncology.
Tincture for external use
Two thirds of a liter jar should be filled with chopped root, add vodka there to the top of the jar and send to stand in a shaded place for three weeks.
Apply the tincture should be only after diluting it with water in this proportion: half a glass of water per teaspoon of tincture.
Primochka with diluted tincture should be applied to problem areas on the skin. Tincture can also rinse the mouth and throat.
The tool is suitable for the disinfection of fresh, and for the healing of old, poorly healing wounds.
Broth for internal use
The crushed plant root in the amount of two tablespoons is poured with 200 ml of boiling water, after which the container is covered with a lid and put in boiling water for 30 minutes. Then after 10 minutes, the broth should be drained, squeeze the thick and with the help of boiled water to restore its volume to 200 milliliters.
It is stored in the refrigerator for a maximum of two days, and you need to take it after a meal, one tablespoon 6 times a day. The decoction has a pronounced hemostatic, bactericidal, astringent properties and acts in a wide range of diseases, for overcoming of which such qualities are required.
Choice of location and lighting
In nature, the cindery feels great on the open spaces of the meadow, and among the bushes near the river bank. Therefore, in the garden, it develops equally well in sunny and slightly shaded areas.
Sowing and reproduction
This plant is quite easily propagated by seeds. If you sow the seeds to a depth of about a centimeter in a well-loosened soil in late autumn, in spring you can see friendly shoots. However, the krovoklebka bloom only in the third year.
It does not tolerate transplantation, but it can be propagated by dividing, digging out in the spring or at the very end of summer its powerful rhizomes out of the ground and carefully dividing them into parts. Planted back into the ground, these parts of the rhizomes perfectly take root.
Harvesting and storage of raw materials
All the most valuable substances of this plant are in its roots and rhizomes: they also serve as a medicinal raw material. They are usually dug out in late August - early September, when the fruiting period is nearing completion. Having dug the entire root completely and cleared it from the ground, it must be washed, cut into pieces about fifteen centimeters long and left to wither in the fresh air.
After a few hours, the raw materials are sent to dry under the rays of the sun or, if the weather is wet, in a dry place like an attic. If artificial heating is used for drying, the temperature should not exceed 60 ° C - otherwise destruction of useful substances may follow.
This plant with an unattractive name, but beautiful in appearance and full of healing substances inside, occupies one of the leading places among the healing tools of traditional healers. More and more attention is paid to the blood donor drug and official medicine: extracts from the roots of this herb can already be purchased at pharmacies.
General characteristics of the plant
This plant is a perennial and belongs to the family Rosaceae. It grows to 80, rarely up to 120 cm. Thanks to a well-developed root system, it is the root that is the main therapeutic agent. The stalk of the burnet is long and thin, branching at the top, with basal leaves that differ in shape, resembling feathers. They are unpaired and long-petioled. The flowers are red, but almost dark, because the plant calls it a redheaded or blackheaded. They grow on long stalks, and collected in the head. Flowering occurs in June - August.
It is not afraid of a burner of any weather cataclysms, even severe cold.It can be grown on any soil, so it is more readily sown for industrial purposes - it will grow without problems, the main thing is to plant the seeds in the ground, well saturated with moisture.
His genus burnet continues with the help of seeds. As a raw material, the plant begins to be harvested in the autumnal season, mostly trying to gather roots, but flowers also benefit the health of people. They are used in various teas, especially if there are minor disorders of the digestive system.
What are the beneficial properties of the plant
- a variety of tannins,
- many trace elements
- in small doses essential oils,
But the leaves are not far behind in the content of nutrients. There are flavonoids and vitamin C, so sometimes the leaves are used instead of the roots.
The resulting preparations have many positive qualities:
- can stop any bleeding
- have wound healing and astringent properties,
- act as a painkiller and antispastic.
Have a pronounced bactericidal effect against Escherichia coli. And also to microbes that belong to the dysentery and paratyphoid groups.
Doctors readily use the quality of redheads when patients complain about:
- Diarrhea, and caused by the most diverse etiology.
- Enterocolitis is chronic or acute.
- Colitis - ulcerative nonspecific.
- Internal bleeding or uterine.
Dysentery The plant acquires special value if the patient does not take chemical preparations. In addition to the burnet, antibiotics are used.
Cholecystitis. In the treatment of this disease, a 10% decoction of the root is used, giving the patient 15 ml 3-4 times a day. If the disease form was giardous, the doctors suggested a 33 percent decoction, which is injected with a 100 ml duodenal probe. The course of therapy ranges from 3 to 8 injections, as recommended by the doctor. A few months rational course to pass again.
Treatment with the use of burnet
- The plant shows its unique properties in the treatment of non-healing wounds and burns, sore throat and stomatitis.
- With the help of douching and injected tampons, trichomonas colpitis can be treated. For these purposes, a 20% infusion of burnet roots should be used. If bacterial colpitis is used, douching is used, but a decoction is made for its treatment, spreading it in a liter of boiled water. The procedure is carried out several times a day.
- The most active use of a woman’s plant is if they have too much bleeding, for example, after an abortion. To stop the pathological process, take a tablespoon of finely chopped root and boil. The amount of water is 250 ml. It is necessary to accept, strictly following a dose: on 15 ml, three times a day. This decoction also helps those who suffer from hemorrhagic metropathy.
External use redheads
People come to the aid of drugs from blackheads, which are used only externally. In various cases, funds are needed for patients in whom:
- Acute purulent conjunctivitis. Use a decoction, it will be useful also for children.
- Slightly healing ulcers or wounds.
- Baths and microclysters are necessary for hemorrhoids.
- For the oral cavity a positive impact will have a decoction if inflammatory processes have appeared. When I start to get sick gums, they are smeared with tincture made from burnet.
- To heal faster bruises and abrasions, bruises, use poultices. To do this, 3 - 4 tablespoons of herbs are scalded with boiling water, and then wrapped in gauze or thin cotton fabric, and applied to the sore spot.
- Using a decoction made according to this recipe, boil 2 tablespoons of chopped roots in 0.5 liters of water, make washings, lotions or compresses, if there are inflammatory processes on the skin, wounds bleed and rot, sores have developed, trophic ulcers or moist eczema.
- To microclysters and douching benefit, make the following solution at home: 15 ml of tincture mixed with 200 - 200 ml of distilled water. Effective for microclysters and tampons is a 20 percent decoction of the roots with the addition of vegetable oil.
Medical folk medicine
Healers appreciate the plant for its healing properties and also use it to treat many diseases. The burnet is taken in case of severe diarrhea and various food products poisoning, if severe pains occur in the abdominal cavity and flatulence bothers me.
The root contains substances that can extinguish a bactericidal infection and eliminate diarrhea. Moreover, thanks to the healing properties of the herb, the intestinal function is quickly restored, and the patient will feel much better in the shortest possible time.
For many women, redneck is a salvation if uterine contraction does not occur, especially after an abortion, or if severe bleeding has occurred, the appendages and ovaries become inflamed, the uterus in fibromyosis or erosion of the cervix threatens to degenerate into a malignant formation.
- The most popular is the recipe used by those people who have experienced bleeding. Take a spoonful of chopped roots and a glass of boiling water. Mixing, boil on fire for no longer than 10 minutes. Then the product should be well wrapped and left for an hour. After filtering is accepted. You can 5 - 6 times a day. Dose - 1 tablespoon.
- The bleeding stops and after such a remedy: take the extract in liquid form three times a day, 5 ml each or 50 drops. It is permissible, if necessary, to give children, but the dose in this case is from 15 to 25 drops.
- With diarrhea use burnet so. 1 - 2 tablespoons of dried herbs insist in 0.5 liters of cooled boiled water. After 8 hours, treatment can begin. Accepted by the means of a quarter cup, 4 times a day. Drink before meals.
- In the pharmacy, you can purchase a burnet in the form of Menzies tincture. She quickly stops bleeding, and is ready for use. But at home it is possible to repeat the pharmacy prescription and prepare your own similar medicine. You need to have 20 - 30 grams. crushed roots, which are poured to choose from - or a glass of alcohol, or a glass of vodka. Leave in a dark place for 14 days, and only then use. It is allowed to take only a tablespoon, 5 - 6 times a day. This tincture is especially useful in the most diverse types of bleeding and if inflammation occurs in the mouth and throat.
- 2 - 3 teaspoons of meadow geranium,
- 1 - 2 tablespoons of knotweed herb,
- 2 - 4 tablespoons of horsetail grass.
All measured components are mixed, filled with 1.5 liters of water. It should be cooked for 20 minutes, no more. 3 - 4 tablespoons of herbs such as St. John's wort, shepherd's purse, nettle, corn silk, eucalyptus leaves and plantain leaves, yarrow and cherry stem are added to the finished decoction. Again, everything goes to the stove, but on a very small fire and just two minutes. After the drug mixture is infused for an hour, you can begin treatment. Drink 100 or 200 ml before meals 3 or 4 times a day. This remedy is hemostatic and astringent.
Various extracts are also made with burnet. If the bleeding is internal, pharmacy extract is used inside, but with external bleeding, bandages and compresses soaked in decoction are used. Additionally, when uterine bleeding is most often treated with tampons that are saturated with solution. Do not forget about douching.
What are the contraindications
If you do not follow all the warnings and use the blackhead without a break for a long time, the pressure may increase and there will be a danger of vasoconstriction. Because the use of plants is better to avoid people with high blood pressure and problems with blood vessels.
Do not use the plant in pregnant women inside, can only be used for dangerous skin lesions - in the form of a compress.
Drug burnet has long been valued for its unique healing properties, and is therefore used both in traditional medicine and in pharmacology in the production of syrups and tinctures from various intestinal ailments, such as:
- diarrhea of varying degrees
- ulcerative colitis,
- chronic and acute enterocolitis,
- intestinal, gastric and uterine bleeding,
- in gynecology with heavy menstruation.
Also, the medicinal plant has a positive effect on non-healing wounds, burns, stomatitis, sore throat, and also as an additional treatment for varicose veins.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
Due to healing properties and rich composition, medicinal perennial has a pronounced hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal, bactericidal and astringent action. The roots contain in their composition a whole complex of microelements that are beneficial for humans, namely:
- organic acids gallic, ellagic and oxalic,
- essential oil,
- vitamin C, high content of carotene, potassium, calcium, magnesium and other elements.
Despite the many beneficial properties of a medicinal plant, there are some contraindications.
Caution should be taken during pregnancy, hypertension and diseases of the blood vessels, as the action of the herb is aimed at their narrowing.
The use of a medicinal chernogolovnik has an antiseptic and astringent effect on the human body, with the result that the digestive processes are improved, as evidenced by the many positive reviews of patients.
After long-term use of products based on the root or flowers, the general condition is improved, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is restored and strength returns even after severe poisoning.
When using microclysters during the treatment of hemorrhoids, patients note an improvement in the general condition and a significant decrease in the inflammatory process of hemorrhoids. When syringing or using tampons, erosion of the cervix is treated.
Burnet drug: application in traditional medicine
The drug burner is widely used in folk medicine due to its unique property - to quickly stop various bleeding, both internal and external. It is therefore used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, to reduce the uterus and various external skin lesions: wounds, abrasions, cuts, burns. The boron uterus also treats the disease actively.
Treatment of diarrhea in children
Burnet grass is recognized as an excellent remedy for diarrhea in children due to its healing properties. Possessing a pronounced antidiarrheal and bactericidal effect, the substances that make up the grass are able to quickly restore the bowels, thereby improving the condition of the patient after poisoning.
Decoction and tincture of herbs have a bactericidal effect on intestinal sticks, therefore, they are used in the treatment of dysentery as an additional agent. It is possible to treat both adults and children.
Broth burn for bleeding
Pharmaceutical burnet, or as it is called Menzisa tincture, can stop any bleeding. When internal bleeding is taken pharmaceutical extract of the plant for 30-50 drops 3 times a day. When outdoor - dressings are applied, moistened in the decoction of herbs.
When uterine bleeding additionally used tampons moistened in the solution of burnet or douching.
At home, the decoction is prepared quite simply: Take 2 tablespoons of chopped root and pour a glass of boiling water, then insist for 2-3 hours. If you need to quickly prepare the broth you need: 2 tablespoons pour a glass of water and boil on low heat for about 30 minutes, then cool and use. Ready broth to take a quarter of a glass 4 times a day, that is, during the day, drink the prepared mixture, as it is not stored longer than 12 hours.
How to drink decoction during pregnancy?
The root burn is taken with great caution during pregnancy. Despite the contraindication when using tinctures of the plant during pregnancy, it is allowed to use it externally for various skin lesions or in those cases when the doctor allows for the use of the drug in small doses. In any case, it is always necessary to consult a doctor.
What treats tincture of burnet?
In pharmacology, Menzisa tincture is widely used, which is sold in any pharmacy. But it is easy to prepare and at home. There is a special recipe for this: 20-30 grams are taken. crushed plant roots and filled with a glass of vodka or diluted alcohol. The resulting mixture is infused for two weeks, after which it is taken strictly according to its intended purpose, following the instructions, that is, 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day, but no more, so as not to harm the body. This tincture treats various bleedings, and is also used when rinsing the mouth and throat during inflammatory processes.
Burnet Root: Benefit and Harm
In medicine, for the production of medicines are mainly used roots and rhizomes, which are more concentrated all the beneficial substances. Even a small use of infusions and decoctions of the root or extract of burnet benefits the entire gastrointestinal tract, restores the disturbed intestinal motility, has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. With long-term reception of funds on the basis of a Chernogolovnik, an increase in blood pressure and narrowing of blood vessels can be observed.
Planting and care
The plant does not require special care and is frost-resistant, so it is grown on any soil in the garden or cottage. In nature, it is propagated by seeds, seeds are sown in the early spring in damp earth for industrial purposes. It grows in all weather conditions.
Preparation of raw materials is carried out in the fall, mainly for the preparation of balsams and tinctures used root and rhizome. Flowers are more often used for making tea, which in small doses has no contraindications, therefore it is suitable for young children in the treatment of even minor disorders of the digestive processes.
Features of burnet drug
The plant belongs to the wild, with scattered populations. Since 1952, part of the State Pharmacopoeia of the Soviet Union. At present, there are no centralized plantations; harvesting is carried out in areas of natural growth.
Burnet drug. Botanical illustration from the book “The Bilder ur Nordens Flora” by K. A. M. Lindman, 1917–1926.
Perennial grass is a member of the Rosaceae family. It has a compact but thick rhizome growing to twelve centimeters. Its surface is woody, covered with numerous fibrous roots, diverging from the main rhizome in different directions. Often on the main root flows are observed in the form of shapeless formations covered with a dense crust.
From the root of the stem leaves a height of twenty centimeters. With sufficient soil moisture, the stem grows to one meter. At the root is usually observed one stalk, although sometimes it forks from the base. Stem erect, naked, with visible ribs. In the upper part it is covered with small, oblong-shaped leaflets with teeth on the edges.
Independent leaves depart from the root. They are large, with long petioles, consisting of seven, less often a larger number of leaves in an odd number. The outer part of the leaves is intensely green, the reverse is gray, pale. Along the edges are colored red with characteristic notches.
During the flowering period, the main stem is crowned with flowering heads. In each of them there are groups of small flowers of rich red color. Petals with hairs, from which the heads look hairy. Flowering lasts from July to August, after which the grass burns into the fruiting phase.
Fruits are formed from flower boxes, which are compacted and turned into closed "nuts". By the end of September, they dry up, acquire a rich brown color. Each nut contains one seed.
Geography and distribution
In nature, the plant is able to actively reproduce, creating thickets and large populations. Optimal conditions for it are concentrated in a temperate climate zone. The burnet pharmacy grows in Siberia and regions of the Far East.
It prefers forest, forest-steppe zones, but can also occur in steppes. Minor populations recorded in the Caucasus. It grows both on well-moistened soil on the banks of rivers and in marshland, and in areas with a lack of moisture. Find abundant populations of culture can be on the cliffs, glades, shrub thickets.
Due to the fact that the medical use of the burnet is typical for the peoples of Siberia and the Far East, the culture population in these regions is limited and is declining. In some regions of Russia, it is listed in the Red Book. In the Ivanovo, Vologda and Kostroma regions harvesting is prohibited.
Collecting and harvesting
As a medicinal raw material used rhizomes and roots of the burnet. Harvesting is carried out during the fruiting period. Оптимальным временем считается период, когда на месте цветков уже сформировались семенные коробочки, но еще не усохли полностью. Время сбора приходится на конец августа — сентябрь.
Корень кровохлебки выкапывают полностью, включая основное корневище и малые корешки. Наросты-наплывы не отрубают. Raw materials are cleared from the soil, washed in cold water, and the elements of the aerial part of the plant are removed. Then the roots are cut into pieces no longer than fifteen centimeters and left to hang out in the open air for several hours.
Dry the raw materials to readiness under the open sun in dry and hot weather. If the weather is wet, clean in the attics, where scattered on paper or burlap in a single layer. You can dry the rhizome in the oven, setting the temperature to no more than forty degrees. It is important to cover the metal trays with parchment paper, avoiding contact of the raw material with iron. From such a contact, the medicinal root turns black.
The herbaceous part is not used for medicinal purposes, but is eaten fresh. Add to salads and soups.
Composition and properties
The widespread use of the drug burnet in folk medicine is due to its rich chemical composition. The main active substances recognized tannins. These are tannins of the pyrogallic group, which have a pronounced anti-inflammatory and astringent effect.
At a maximum concentration of up to twenty-three percent, they accumulate in the influxes of the root zone. Slightly less — up to seventeen percent of them are found in thin roots, and only a thirteen percent is concentrated in a mostly massive rhizome.
Also in the root composition, steroids, organic acids, saponins, and vitamin C were isolated. In the leaves and flowers, flavanoids and a significant amount of ascorbic acid were found.
The composition of the culture provides its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action. Studies conducted by a Soviet biologist, Professor Boris Tokin, have shown that the active substances of the root system have the highest activity against microorganisms of the dysentery and paratyphoid groups. So when exposed to the extract of the burnet on paratyphoid microbes, their complete destruction occurs within fifteen minutes. Dysentery microorganisms die even faster - within five minutes.
- When used internally, the extract affects the trophism of some tissues. Observed inhibition of intestinal motility and contraction of the muscles of the uterus.
- When used externally, the extract increases the intensity of metabolism in tissues, and accelerates blood circulation. In the experiment with hyperemia of the skin, manifested by saturation of the tissues with blood as a result of thermal exposure or impact, the application of a tissue dipped in the decoy of the burnet triple increased the resorption rate of the edema.
The composition of the plant provides the possibility of its widespread use in the treatment of a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bleeding, and gynecology. Due to the specific effect of the burnet on the muscles of the uterus, pregnancy is a contraindication to its use.