Sweet cherry Regina is a late variety, the fruits of which ripen in late July and can be on the tree until early August. It was bred in Germany, therefore, adapted to the mild climate and in Russia is suitable mainly for the southern and central regions. The variety has a good survival rate and active growth. The first crop can be harvested for the third season since planting.
The tree of this variety has a medium-sized crown with moderate thickening. The variety is one of the latest and has high rates of fruiting. The amount of the crop increases as the crown grows without cycling, when every few seasons the ovary does not form. To preserve the large size and sweetness of fruits, it is necessary to carry out periodic sanitary pruning. Regina tolerates frosts well, so the branches almost never die.
When selecting a variety, it was possible to achieve a good resistance of the tree to bark diseases, bacterial and viral infections. Regina is considered one of the easiest grade care products. A tree, even in a state of neglect, when preventive treatment and sanitary pruning is not carried out, is capable of producing a good crop, although its quality will be lower. The choice of this variety will be an excellent solution for novice gardeners who do not have sufficient experience in caring for sweet cherries.
Regina is great for home and industrial gardens. The tree is self-pollinating, therefore the presence of another variety in the neighborhood is not necessary, but its presence allows increasing the yield.
In addition, the crown is quite flexible and can withstand the weight of a person well, which is important for home growing, where children can climb a tree.
Pollination of flowers
Although Regina is a self-pollinated variety, but in the vicinity of other cherries that bloom at the same time, the percentage of fertilized flowers increases significantly, which has a positive effect on yield. The main problem lies in the difficulty of selecting varieties of neighbors that would bloom in the same period. The best pollinators for Regina are:
- Schneider is late,
- cherry Lotovka.
If the tree is planted in a small area where it is not possible to place two cherries, then one of the proposed varieties can be grafted onto Regina's crown. In this case, it will be possible to increase the efficiency of the habitability, since the tree will have branches of different cherries.
If there are apiaries with bees next door, insects significantly increase yield, as they carry pollen between the flowers of one crown.
In the home garden, where it is not necessary to have two cherry trees due to excessive harvest, you can plant the Lotovka cherry, as well as Nefris or Coral, in the neighborhood.
Regina sweet cherry pollinators
Regina variety partially self-fertile. Ovaries are able to form in the absence of pollinator, however, their number will be minimal. The main condition for increasing yields - the presence of other types of cherries, flowering at the same time. They are planted at a distance of 3-4 m. If there is little free space on the site, then several different varieties are grafted onto one tree.
The best pollinators for Regina cherries:
- Summit. Canadian variety ripening in early July. The tree is medium with a powerful crown. Sweet cherry starts to bear early and gives a stable high yield. Winter hardiness and immunity to fungal diseases increased.
- Sylvia. Colony cherry, ripening in late July. It reaches a height of 3 m, in width - 1 m. The fruits are bright red, weighing up to 14 g. The flesh is juicy and dense. Winter hardiness is average. The tree is practically not subject to diseases.
- Karina. Late variety bred in Germany. The fruits ripen in early August. The tree grows rapidly and forms a wide crown. Fruits are large dark red weighing up to 9 g. Cherina Karina is resistant to frost and diseases.
- Sam. Medium late coliform variety of Canadian sweet cherries. Fruits are large, shiny, weighing 8 g. The flesh is juicy, cartilaginous. Variety Sam is able to bear fruit in regions with high humidity.
- Godelfinger. Vintage variety bred in Germany. The tree is vigorous, the crown is thick, resembles an inverted pyramid in shape. Fruits weighing about 6 g are rounded and flattened on the sides. The flesh is thick and juicy, the taste is dessert. Winter hardiness is average; wood needs prevention of gray mold.
Regina Cherry Diseases and Pests
Sweet cherry Regina is resistant to diseases and attack by pests. In cold and rainy weather increases the risk of infection with fungal diseases: moniliasis, coccomycosis, and phytosis. The main signs of damage are the drying of the shoots, the appearance of spots on the leaves and fruits. When they are formed, the affected parts of the tree are removed and the Bordeaux mixture, copper chloroxide or Xom are processed. Cherry also attracts pests: aphids, weevil, cherry fly. Insecticides are used against insects Aktellik, Konfidor and others.
Preparing for winter Cherries Regina
Due to competent winter preparations, Regina’s cherry tree will survive the winter better and recover from the frost more quickly. In late autumn, the near-stem circle is watered abundantly. Wet soil slowly freezes through and becomes protection from the cold. Then mulching with humus or peat is carried out with a layer of 15-20 cm. Young trees need additional preparation. A carcass is installed above them and the burlap is attached to it. In winter, a snowdrift is thrown onto the structure. So that the trunk does not damage the mouse, make a fence of the grid or roofing material.
The appearance of the variety and its characteristics
Inspired by the idea of creating cherries with later fruiting, German breeders combined varieties such as Rube and Schneider. They were satisfied with the result of the work, because a wonderful variety “Regina” was born with excellent qualities.
The tree in the bred variety turned out not very high with rounded crown outlines and an average level of thickening. The first flowers, which later turn into fragrant and large berries, bloom in the third year after the transplantation of a young tree to a permanent place.
The shoots of Regina are straight, they are directed upwards and are developing quite quickly. In the first year of life, the seedling already boasts shoots 45-50 cm long. The inflorescences of the beautiful "Regina" are the same as those of other sisters of cherries - a regular calyx with small flowers.
Harvest happy dark red fruits of large size. Mature sweet cherries surprise with their weight - 10-11 g. The flesh of “Regina” is very juicy, fleshy and also dark red.
Attention! Unlike other varieties, the Regina presents a harvest later. Ripe berries appear in the middle of summer.
Advantages and disadvantages
The newly appeared beauty was distinguished not only by the exceptional properties of the tree, but also by its excellent honey-sweet taste with a slight sourness. For these reasons, the young variety is rapidly gaining the attention of gardeners and for good reason, because it has a lot of advantages:
- big harvest - every year “Regina” fruits abundantly,
- preservation of an attractive type of berries even at long transportations. However, they do not lose quality when stored for two weeks in a cold store,
- the fruits are very dense - they do not crack and do not succumb to rotting during heavy precipitation,
- the convenience of collecting fruits - no need to make an effort to separate the berry from the stem,
- mature fruits are not showered for a long time (more than two weeks), which allows you to plan the time of collection,
- "Regina" is minimally prone to all sorts of diseases and pests,
“Regina” has a lot of advantages, but it has a significant drawback - bad self-pollination is characteristic of the variety, therefore, pollinating friends should be planted near the tree. The whole difficulty lies in the fact that at this time not many varieties bloom. The best cross pollinators: Karina, Silvia, Hedelafinska, Cherry Nefris, Lotivka, and also Coral. They should be planted not far from the "Regina" or plant a suitable variety to the tree, as long as they have simultaneous flowering.
Important recommendations for successful cultivation
The long-awaited harvest will surely please with its quantity if you take care of Regina pollinators and take into account some conditions:
- Do not let the tree dry up - you need to take care of abundant watering once a month. A young tree needs 30 liters of water, and 55–60 liters of fruit bearing water. In hot and dry summers, the procedure should be carried out more often - every week or 2 times a month (it all depends on the amount of precipitation),
- feed the tree. If a tree is more than 2 years old, then it needs nitrogen fertilizers. Calculation of top dressing: 120 g of fertilizer per 1 m2 of the trunk circle,
- from the 3rd year after planting, feed Regina using rotted manure. Regularity of the event - once every two years. Calculation - 10 liters of top dressing for one tree,
- it is good to use superphosphates, but the main thing is to follow the dosage - 150 g of top dressing (it is good to use saltpeter) per 1 m2,
- pruning should be done on a regular basis - to form a crown and remove dried and broken branches. After the procedure, the cut off area is necessarily treated with blue vitriol.
Attention! Watering and fertilizing is recommended in the hole, which is done in the near-circle wheel and one meter away from the trunk.
If the above conditions are observed, the beautiful “Regina” will bestow an excellent and high-quality crop, which can be enjoyed before the middle of August, and in the winter period it will help to remember about summer a jar of fragrant sweet fruit jam.