In our modern world, almost every apartment or apartment building has indoor plants that need regular care. In order for plants to take root in a new place, and in order to increase their resistance to various diseases, it is recommended to use phytohormones, which act as immunomodulators for representatives of the flora. The planting material processed by these means rises much faster, and also the root system is better formed at the plant. To date, there is a fairly large number of various phytohormones on sale. But the most widely used "Epin" for indoor plants, the use of which greatly simplifies the process of breeding and caring for flowers.
The composition of the growth regulator
The main active component of this biostimulator is concentrated epibrassinolide, developed according to modern technologies. Although the substance is synthetic, it is nevertheless perfectly safe for flowers. No threat is present.
"Epin" for indoor plants, the use of which makes the flower more healthy and strong, is an alcohol solution. It should be noted that for some time the phytohormone completely disappeared from sale due to a large number of fakes, but in 2003 production was resumed. A tool has received a new name "Epin Extra." In addition to the name, the chemical formula of epibrassinolide has also changed. The substance has become more effective, so that its concentration in the growth regulator has been reduced. Also included in the composition of the drug was shampoo, thanks to which growth hormone is better retained on the leaves. "Epin" (instructions for use for indoor plants comes with the tool) is produced by microbiological technologies based on the use of microbiological microorganisms and their metabolic products.
Properties of biological stimulator
Using the growth regulator "Epin" allows you to achieve the following:
- accelerating the germination of planting material and plant growth,
- increase the duration of the flowering period,
- increase the resistance of the plant to negative environmental factors, as well as accelerate the survival rate during transplantation,
- increase plant resistance to various fungal and viral diseases,
- increase the yield of vegetable and fruit crops.
If it is used for house plants "Epin Extra", watering can be done less often. It has good compatibility with any mineral fertilizers and dressings, so you can combine them to achieve the best results.
Preparation of working solution
Phytohormone "Epin" for indoor plants (instructions for use and reviews are recommended to be studied before using it) must be diluted in water. One ampoule of growth regulator is enough to prepare five liters of working solution. There are 40 drops in one ampoule, so if you need quite a bit of solution, you can calculate the necessary proportion without any problems.
When preparing the working solution, the purpose of using a biostimulator should be considered. For example, if you want to soak the onion or cuttings, then one ampoule is diluted with 2 liters of water. A seed treatment is used in the ratio of 1 to 1, i.e. the ampoule is diluted per liter of water. It is recommended to treat not only plants, but also the soil on which it is transplanted.
Features of the use of phytohormone
Processing plants with a biological growth stimulator "Epin" should be carried out with a working solution that was prepared with strict observance of the proportions specified by the manufacturer in the instructions. The fact is that if the concentration of the solution is too high, it can slow down the development of the plant. The working solution made according to the instruction does not represent any danger to human health. It should be stored in a dark place, and the use of "Epin" for indoor plants is possible within the first 48 hours after the preparation of the solution. Later - no point.
General tips and advice on working with the Epin solution for indoor plants. Application
Note. The processing of plants with Epin growth regulator should be carried out in means that protect the body and the respiratory tract.
To ensure that everything goes well, follow these tips and recommendations:
- During spraying it is forbidden to smoke, drink and eat.
- After completing the work, wash your hands and face thoroughly, and rinse your mouth.
- The biostimulator should not be stored in the immediate vicinity of medicines, as well as in places accessible to children and pets.
- Keep phytohormone ampoules away from open flame, as it is dangerous for the product.
If you use the drug "Epin" for indoor plants, the use of which allows you to greatly accelerate the growth of flowers, it is forbidden to mix it with any other means designed to care for flowers. Because it can cause a chemical reaction.
Difference means "Epin" from existing analogues
Epin is a more effective means compared to its counterparts on the market today, because it has a completely different effect on plants. For example, "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin" forcibly stimulate the growth of plants, while "Appin" activates the natural processes of plants, while increasing its protective functions. Due to this, the plant is a more careful impact, since there is no forced start of the flowering period.
With proper use of "Epin Extra", the method of application for indoor plants is the same as for vegetable or fruit crops. The drug allows you to accelerate the engraftment of plants in a new place when they are transplanted, as well as to achieve faster growth and development. But at the same time it is very important to ensure proper care for the flowers, because without it the plant can die, and not a single biostimulator will help here.
Cost of growth regulator, where to purchase
When buying "Appin" a lot of attention should be paid to the shelf life and the conditions under which the product is stored in the store. If the showcase with a biostimulator is in direct sunlight, then the drug will lose its effectiveness.
The growth promoter is available in 1, 2, 50 and 1000 ml ampoules. For a one-time treatment of indoor plants will be sufficient ampoules of the smallest volume. Buy phytohormone can be in any store that sells products for gardeners and flower growers. With regard to the cost of funds, the price of one ampoule varies from 10 to 35 rubles.
One of the most effective biological growth regulators today is Epin Extra. Application for indoor plants should be carried out using personal protective equipment. If the working solution gets into the hands or face when spraying, wash them thoroughly with warm water and soap and rinse the mouth well. If the working solution suddenly gets into the digestive tract and causes poisoning, you should immediately consult a doctor.
It is not recommended to immediately dispose of used ampoules at a landfill. They need to be washed with a solution of ordinary baking soda, rinsed under running water and then thrown out.
Flower grower reviews
As mentioned earlier, one of the most effective biostimulants is Epin for indoor plants. Reviews of experienced flower growers who cultivate flowers fully confirm this. Regular treatment of plants with this tool allows you to increase the immunity of plants, with the result that they are much less likely to get sick. In addition, the flowers are less stressed when transplanting, especially in winter.
Many growers note that Epin allows reducing the number of waterings and increasing the resistance of plants to the effects of negative environmental factors. If the pots with flowers are on the windows, then they will not be afraid of either drafts, or heat from the heating elements, or too dry air. In addition, this growth regulator contributes to the rejuvenation of plants, so with its help, even those plants whose survival rate is quite low can be brought back to life.
"Epin" for indoor plants, the use of which was considered in this article, is not a magic tool that can protect flowers from all diseases. This drug can only reduce the negative impact of external factors, so that flowers will grow better and will be able to withstand many stressful situations - such as lack of water, poor lighting, frosts, fungal and viral diseases, poor environmental conditions, lack of minerals and macronutrients necessary for normal growth and development of colors, and many others.
Therefore, as stated by the reviews, the use of "Epin" for indoor plants at home will greatly facilitate the care of them.
Description and properties of the drug
Epin extra is not a fertilizer, it is a biostimulant for a plant, and it is with its help that the flower copes with adverse factors much more quickly.
The drug contains a substance of the steroid class - epibrassinolide, which is an artificially created phytohormone and has full identity with the natural hormone in the cellular structure.
Produced since 2003, before the drug had the name Epin, but was discontinued due to massive fakes.
Epin extra has advanced with the help of nanotechnology composition and better protection against fakes compared to the previous preparation.
The only developer and manufacturer of Epin Extra in Russia is Eco-Nest M LLC.
There are no analogues abroad.
For indoor floriculture, the drug is produced in the form of a solution containing 0.025 mg of epibrassinolide in alcohol with the addition of shampoo for better “sticking” of the product. Form release - 1 ml ampoules (40 drops). Dosages of 2.50 and 1000 ml are possible.
The effect of the drug lasts from 2 to 3 weeks.
The impact on the plant is carried out by spraying; it is not necessary to water the soil under the flowers with a solution, since the root system does not absorb the substance.
Important! The drug does not cause distortions and pathologies of leaves and shoots of flowers like other stimulants.
It is used not only for indoor floriculture, but also for growing crops. Because of its high efficiency, it is included in the program to eliminate the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
Prescription and use of the drug
For indoor flowers, the use of this tool according to reviews of flower growers is similar to the effect of ginseng on a person.
Potted flowers can be affected by many adverse factors during their growth and development.
A fairly common phenomenon - stressful situations.
- Transplant a grown flower or its children,
- Preparation for the rest period or exit from it,
- Adaptation to new conditions
- Uncomfortable place for a flower in the apartment,
- Wrong watering,
- Incorrect lighting
- Attack of pests, especially often indoor flowers are affected by spider mites,
- Harmful substances in the air (cigarette smoke, dust, lack of ventilation).
In the presence of these unfavorable factors, the flowers begin to shed their flower stalks or stop blooming altogether. The leaves turn yellow, fall off, the plant may die.
In such cases, immediate treatment with Appin Extra is necessary.
It is important that Epin extra does not expend the internal forces of the flower, but stimulates the plant to include its own protective mechanisms, helping to recover.
Possibilities of the drug when spraying
- With a long absence of watering enhances the ability of the root system to extract water from the soil,
- When waterlogging increases the amount of evaporation from the sheet plate,
- With a lack of light, it accelerates the formation of chlorophyll,
- With metabolic disorders activates the protective properties of the plant cell,
- At high temperatures increases the formation of special proteins to relieve "shock" in the plant,
- Promotes long and abundant flowering,
- Increases the immune resistance of flowers to diseases,
- Reduces the impact of stressful situations on the plant.
The use of the drug is adjusted depending on the purpose.
2 spraying - one month before the rest period.
0.3 ml per plant.
2 spraying - after flowering.
Blooming flowers are not sprayed, as they quickly wither.
0.1 ml - per flower.
Flowers very quickly become accustomed to stimulation from the outside and begin to “be lazy,” therefore, for healthy plants, the use of Epin extra biostimulator is recommended no more than once a month.
When using the drug watering flowers can be performed less frequently.
Processing indoor flowers is carried out in the bathroom at the bottom of the bath. This is due to the fact that the product can damage the decorative surfaces of furniture when spraying.
The leaves are wiped from dust from both sides with a damp cloth or cotton swab to better absorb the drug.
Spraying is carried out from a distance of 50 cm from the flower with a spray with a finely dispersed solution.
Then the flower is left in the bathroom or other dark place for 10-12 hours. This is important for increasing the stress situation for the plant, since one of the major stressors for flowers is the lack of light. With increasing stress, the plant absorbs the drug better.
Bath must be disinfected with a solution of soda.
Preparation of the solution
The solution is prepared on the day of processing. Ampoule before use should be stored in the refrigerator. Before use, it is kept for 10-15 minutes at room temperature.
To prepare the solution using boiled water at room temperature. Since Epin Extra loses its properties in an alkaline medium, water is acidified by adding to the solution ½ tsp of 9% table vinegar per 200 ml of water or a few grains of citric acid.
The solution is prepared according to the instructions given - 1 ampoule per 5 liters of water. If you need to use a smaller amount of the drug, the proportion for the solution is calculated based on the fact that there are 40 drops in the ampoule.
Micro doses of the drug are taken with an insulin syringe, piercing the ampoule without opening it. Puncture the needle taped.
The treatment is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening, at which time the agent is absorbed better by flowers, moreover, the process of decay quickly occurs in daylight.
Store the started ampoule in a dark cool place for no more than 2 days, but it is better to use it on the day of preparation. The solution is not subject to storage.
For which plants is suitable Epin extra
The drug has been successfully used for such indoor plants:
- Coffee trees,
- Citrus fruits: lemon, mandarin,
- Roses are room,
- Palm trees of all kinds,
Especially effective drug for exotic plants that need help with adaptation in unusual conditions for their development. These are, above all, various types of orchids, the craze of which is observed today.
Even when cut into the water, only 2 drops of Épin extra stand fresh for much longer: carnations and lilies of the valley — about a week, and roses — more than a month.
Gardeners who grow flowers in their plots, also appreciate the drug. The carnations processed in the budding phase grow in size like dahlias, peonies, clematis, phloxes delight with large flowers.
Epin extra is a low-toxic substance, hazard class 4, however, basic safety measures must be observed.
- It is necessary to carry out spraying in specially protective clothes, a rain cover is additionally worn,
- The face should be covered with a gauze bandage, eyes protected with glasses, hands with gloves,
- Spraying should not be carried out in a residential area.
- During the procedure, animals and children should not be near
- Dishware should not be used for food purposes and should be stored separately.
- The drug is also stored separately outside access for children and other family members,
- During the procedure, you can not eat, eat and smoke,
- If the drug gets on the skin, immediately wash the area several times with water with plenty of soap,
- If it gets into your eyes, wash them with water and a solution of Furacilin or Miramistin,
- If ingested, try to induce vomiting and then take activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight,
- After completing the work, wash your hands, face, mouth, rinse with water.
Epin works in several directions at once:
- It stimulates the formation of tubers and increases their nutritional value,
- Уменьшает скопление нитратов и солей тяжелый металлов,
- Стимулирует рост растения и помогает ему стать более устойчивым к фитофторозу.
It is recommended before planting the seeds to treat them with the drug Epin and then you can be absolutely calm, since the shoots will be strong, beautiful and protected from many adverse environmental conditions. Summer residents adore Epin, because thanks to him the number of fruit began to grow and does not fall, therefore, the yield is also at altitude.
Another advantage of this drug is that it helps any plants withstand frost. Many novice gardeners or those who have never used this drug claim that it is impossible. But they are mistaken, since young boreholes can withstand spring frosts at temperatures not lower than -5 degrees.
At present, Epin is recommended for use in floriculture and horticulture, as well as for processing various crops. Most often it is all cereals, legumes, vegetables, flax, cotton. In addition to increasing yields by almost 20 percent, the quality of the product also increases. That is, potatoes will contain more starch and vitamin C, buckwheat protein, and the content of heavy metals and radionuclides will gradually decrease.
Applying Epin, you increase the plant's resistance to various diseases, phytopathogens and stresses, which can be associated with drought, soil salinity, temperature changes, and insufficient nutrition. Epin-extra is also used for flowers in the following cases:
- there was a stressful situation for the plant,
- disease or pests
- for a long time the plant is in adverse conditions.
After the miracle drug has been used, there is a chance to increase the percentage of germination of seeds and increase their strength in germination. Also active rejuvenation of shoots of fruit and berry crops occurs. Seedlings well rooted when picking. The shelf life of the fruit, and the quality of the product itself increases.
Here is a list of procedures in which Epin is used and how to use it:
- When transplanting and reproduction of plants. One vial of Epina is mixed with 2 liters of water. In this solution, the cuttings, tuber buds, and bulbs are soaked for 24 hours.
- Spraying To do this, you need a lighter solution, just 7 drops in a glass of water. Used a day before picking the cuttings in separate containers.
- Treatment of overwintered plants. Here you need to dissolve 0.25 milligrams in 5 liters of water. The same solution must be processed and flowers when they are at the stage of budding.
- In stressful situations. Handle at the rate of 7 drops per 100 milliliters of water. This procedure must be done every week until the plant is fully cured.
- Before the rest period, Epin is also used. It is necessary to spray the plant with a solution that consists of 7 drops of the drug and 200 milliliters of water.
Compatibility with other means
Epin can be easily used with other products, such as:
- Growth regulators,
In Épinay there is a shampoo that can work like a velcro when treating plants from pests and diseases. And here you also need to know about their compatibility.
This is a liquid fertilizer group biostimulants. It is produced in 1 liter bottles for industrial use, and at home it is more convenient to use 1 ml ampoules. It is a clear liquid with a yellow tinge, which is dissolved in water for irrigation.
The manufacturer of this fertilizer is NEST-M company. Until 2003, the drug was called “Epin”, then it was started to be prepared using an improved formula and delivered to specialized stores called “Epin-Extra”. The active substance and the mechanism of action of supplements remained the same, and its effectiveness was improved.
Growth stimulants are a separate group of fertilizers for different types of crops. Epin-Extra showed high efficiency in relation to garden and ornamental plants. After using it, you will notice impressive results:
- acceleration of germination of seeds and bulbs,
- protection of adult crops from environmental factors, including frost, drought and exposure to direct sunlight,
- increasing resistance to pests, bacterial and fungal infections,
- stimulation of the formation of new shoots, even in age plants,
- improving the taste of fruit,
- increase of yields by at least 40%.
Important! Epin-Extra went all the necessary research, during which it proved its effectiveness and safety. It has certificates of quality and is manufactured with a high degree of protection against fakes.
Composition and properties
The main active ingredient of fertilizer is epibrassinolide. This synthetic substance, created by analogy with natural plant growth stimulants. It affects the hormonal system and is involved in the biosynthesis of enzymes. The drug also regulates the level of intake of foreign elements in plant cells, as a result of which heavy metals and other harmful substances do not accumulate in them.
Due to Epin's ability to increase resistance to pests, its use can significantly reduce the need for pesticides.
Instructions for use
In one vial is 0.25 mg of active ingredient. This amount is approximately equal to 40 drops of the concentrate. Before use, it must be diluted with water at room temperature. The dosage and method of application will vary depending on the type of crop.
Tip! Spraying with a solution of Epin carried out in cloudy weather. Its components are rapidly destroyed by direct sunlight.
For indoor plants
Epin stimulator is suitable for all types of indoor plants and decorative flowers. 1 ampoule of substance is diluted in 5 liters of pure water, you can also add about 8 drops of concentrate per 1 l of liquid. Next, it is sprayed on the surface of the green mass of plants.
In indoor plants, the stimulator has the following effects:
- causes intense growth and abundant plant
- allows you to cope with stress, including after transplantation,
- helps to reanimate damaged flowers,
- improves rooting and survival rate of seedlings.
Epin is recommended for use for weakened plants, including after their transfer to a new container. The number of treatments depends on the purpose of the drug. For the prevention of flowers, it is enough to spray once a month, for damaged plants - once a week, to stimulate growth - three times per season with 3 treatments at intervals of a week.
For garden and backyard
With respect to garden and garden crops, the biostimulator is useful at all stages of their development. It is used for soaking seeds before planting, and then - for the treatment of seedlings and adult plants. The working solution is prepared according to the instructions, depending on the type of culture.
The drug is also applied by spraying the leaves and shoots. It provides indispensable assistance in the cultivation of fruit plants:
- increases seed germination and the percentage survival rate of seedlings,
- stimulates the growth of shoots, abundant flowering and fruiting,
- improves the taste and varietal characteristics of the crop,
- increases yield by 1.5 times.
Tip! Fertilizer can be combined with drugs for the destruction of pests and foliar dressing. The only condition is that it is incompatible with alkalis, including the Bordeaux mixture.
For soaking seeds
To soak the seeds, the solution is prepared in proportion of 2-4 drops of concentrate per 100 ml of water. For the seeds of indoor plants take a greater amount of solution, for vegetables - 2 drops is enough. Before processing crops for planting, take 2 ampoules of the drug and dissolve them in 10 liters of water. This amount is sufficient for soaking 1 ton of grain. Grains are left in solution for 4-8 hours, after which they can be placed in the ground.
Processing seedlings carried out in order to strengthen and stimulate growth. The solution is prepared at the rate of 5-6 drops per 500 ml of liquid. Spraying is carried out when 2–3 true leaves appear on the plants. The procedure can be repeated on the eve of transplantation into open ground.
For potato processing, the fertilizer is diluted in a standard ratio (1 ml per 5 l of water). Spraying is carried out twice:
- treatment of tubers before planting - 10 liters of working solution will be needed for 1 ton of material,
- introduction in the period of formation of buds - 150-300 l of an aqueous solution per 1 ha.
Epin fertilizer can also be used when growing potatoes in vitro. The drug is added to the nutrient medium (1 ml per 1 l of the substrate), and also introduced by spraying during budding.
To treat tomato seeds, 0.5 ml of the drug is diluted in 2 liters of water. This amount is sufficient for 1 kg of seeds. They should be in solution for 2 hours, after which they can be planted in the ground.
For spraying green mass 100 ml of the drug is dissolved in 150-400 liters of liquid. This amount is sufficient for processing 1 ha of tomatoes. Fertilizer is applied twice:
- in the formation of buds,
- during the flowering of the first brush.
Epin is recommended for the processing of tomatoes both in open field and in greenhouse conditions. The concentration and flow rate of the working solution does not change.
For the treatment of cucumber seeds, 0.25 ml of concentrate is added to 1 l of water. Seeds are placed in this solution and left for 2 hours, then planted in the soil. Processing plants after their transplantation in open ground or in the greenhouse is carried out according to the same scheme, which is recommended for tomatoes.
White cabbage seeds are also useful for soaking in the solution before planting. For this, 0.25 ml of the substance is diluted with 1 l of water, the seeds are left in this mixture for 6 hours. Spraying is carried out at the stage of a complete sheet rosette. Consumption of the drug is 80 ml of concentrate or 150-400 liters of working solution per 1 ha.
Before planting, it is recommended to process the bulbs. For this purpose, 0.05 ml of concentrate is sufficient for 1 kg of raw material, which is diluted in 200 ml of water. The bulbs are simply sprayed with the mixture. The second spraying is carried out at the stage of the formation of 4-5 leaves. For 1 hectare of beds you will need 60 ml of fertilizer in combination with 150-300 liters of water.
Fertilizer can be used both for prophylaxis and for the rehabilitation of damaged or age ficus. The composition of Epina is suitable for different varieties of this plant. For home cultivation, there is no need to harvest 5 liters of solution from 1 ampoule, as indicated in the instructions. In 1 liter of water is to add a few drops of concentrate and use it for spraying. Schedule fertilization standard for flower and ornamental crops.
Orchids are especially sensitive during the period of their transfer to a new pot, and the procedure should be carried out every 1-2 years. The mixture will help them to restore vitality and continue to develop in a new capacity. The working solution is prepared in proportion of 2-4 drops per 1 liter of water, which is sprayed on the leaves. Fertilizer can be applied once a month for the purpose of prophylaxis; for the rehabilitation of damaged plants, treatment is carried out three times with an interval of a week.
Violets also need the timely introduction of a biostimulator. The solution is prepared in standard proportions and used to spray the leaves. However, when processing violets should be careful. After the procedure, the plant is placed in partial shade so that the sun's rays do not burn the leaves. It is possible to carry out spraying in the evening.
Citrus plants are treated according to a pattern that is recommended for decorative flowers. It is especially important to make fertilizer in the phase of growth of shoots and flowering. You can also process the seeds before planting in open ground.
For coniferous plants
Coniferous plants are treated by spraying healthy and damaged needles. The solution must be prepared in a standard concentration by dissolving 1 ampoule in 5 l of water. Consumption of the drug depends on the size of the plant and the density of the needles. Its entire surface should be evenly covered with fertilizer.
Safety and storage conditions
Epin refers to the means with a low level of danger. However, during the preparation of the working solution and the processing of plants, it is worth observing some rules:
- wear protective clothing, including gloves and a mask,
- do not spray the drug in windy weather,
- in case of contact with the skin or mucous membranes, rinse them with water.
Closed ampoule usable for 3 years. It is recommended to open it, take the contents into a syringe and place in the refrigerator, and throw away the ampoule. If in the near future the use of the drug is not expected, the closed package must be closed in a dark room.
Important! The preparation should be stored without access of sunshine. If it was on display without individual packaging, it should be replaced with another copy.
The main characteristics of the tool epin
Epin extra has a large spectrum of action, which is aimed at the active development of plants:
- significantly accelerates the germination of seeds, tubers and bulbs,
- promotes the rapid rooting of cuttings and seedlings, stimulates the active development of the root system of crops,
- plants are able to produce immunity to pests and diseases, stressful weather conditions,
- brings fruit ripening, increases yield,
- reduces the amount of pesticides, nitrates and heavy metals in fruits
- promotes the formation of shoots in old plants, thereby rejuvenating them.
In the composition of epin is epibrassinolid. This is synthesizing through nanotechnology substance. He is responsible for activating biological processes in plants. It is necessary for them at the time of a stressful situation, illness and old age.
Epin extra is produced in ampoules containing 0.25 mg agent. This is about 40 drops. One ampoule should be diluted in 5 liters of warm water. This solution is considered standard and suitable for processing all garden and garden crops.
After dilution, it retains all the properties for a maximum of two days. But using it on the day of cooking gives the best result. Solution forbidden to keep in the sun. If necessary, the tank should be placed in a dark and cold place. Overdose of the drug should not be allowed, so you must carefully read the instructions.
Epin - instructions for use
Epinay extra sprinkled seedlings and young seedlings in the garden. Restores epin and further growth of plants that have suffered stress and frost, illness, breaking branches.
Processing should made early in the morningbut better late in the evening. In the sun, the active substance epine extra volatilizes, the tool loses its properties.
Before spraying the plants you need:
- Determine the cause of the disease.
- Remove damaged or dry branches.
- Loosen the soil.
- Feed the plants.
- Get rid of pests.
With a lack of light, moisture, disease processing is once in 6−9 days and until complete plant recovery. Healthy seedlings are treated only 3 times per season. Spray only branches and leaves, not forgetting the bottom of the leaves.
Important! Water from the tap is always alkaline. And alkali significantly reduces the beneficial effects of epin extra. Therefore, before diluting the drug in water, add a little citric acid.
The uptake of epin plants occurs up to 3 days. That is why it is necessary to carry out spraying in clear weather, without wind and rain.
When processed with other drugs, plants begin to grow and develop actively only by force, on command.
Epin extra acts differently. is he stimulates physiological processes without violent impact and carefully enough. In the sleepy period, the epin agent does not cause the plants to bloom or bear fruit. But the harvest is also high.
Epin extra for indoor plants
Epin is recommended not only to improve the growth of garden plants, but also for indoor flowers at home.
The drug is recommended when preparing for winter sleep or leaving the winter dormancy, when transplanting seedlings. As well as with supercooling and moving, for stimulate growth and development plants.
The number of fertilizer treatments house plants depends on the purpose of spraying potted flowers:
- For the prevention and fertilization of epine is rarely used - in a month one spraying of the crown of plants.
- To stimulate growth - 3 treatments: in spring, summer and autumn.
- For treatment, spray until complete recovery after 6−8 days.
How to prepare a solution for indoor flowers? The solution of epin extra is done differently for different situations:
- working solution for herbaceous plants - 1 ampoule per 5 liters of water,
- for shrubs and mature trees - 1 ampoule of funds for 2 liters of water,
- for seeds - one ampoule per liter of water,
- for forcing bulbs - one ampoule per 2 liters of water.
Rules for the use of epin for indoor plants
This drug is considered environmentally friendlytherefore it is permitted to use it with other means. You can add to the solution of the necessary seedlings fertilizer.
To achieve a high effect from the treatment of indoor flowers should follow some rules: You can not mix the agent with an alkaline medium and the treatment with fertilizer in the early morning or late evening.
Be sure to when working with the drug must comply with the following rules:
- Не курить и не принимать жидкость или пищу.
- Пользоваться средствами индивидуальной защиты.
- После выполненной работы тщательно вымыть с мылом руки и лицо. Надо и рот прополоскать.
- Keep away from open flame, food, children and animals.
Epin - the drug is not medicinal, but highly effective meansused for the rehabilitation of plants after stress, disease at all stages of their development and growth.
Epin extra: what is the drugSince epin extra has gained widespread use among farmers and summer residents, it is necessary to understand in more detail what it is made of and how useful it is for plants. Instructions for the substance epin does not disclose the composition of the drug, but only tells how it affects the plants.
Everyone knows that spraying with epin helps to enhance the protective functions of the plant, induces an increase in immunity, affects the increase in yield and the earlier maturation of fruits, effectively restores injured plants.
But we don’t know the main thing that induces these processes in the plant.
The basis of the biological product phytohormone, which belongs to steroids - epibrassinolide. Epibrassinolide - It is an artificially derived phytohormone brassinolide. Phytohormone activates the division of plant cells. The plants themselves are capable of producing this phytohormone, but the dose of the steroid produced is too small to speed up the development of seedlings.
Epibrassinolide, penetrating into the plant, provokes the inhibition of hormone production (ethylene, absysicinic acid), which slow down the growth of a seedling. Using epin does not provoke distortion of stems, leaves and fruits, but only contributes to the activation of ontogenesis.
The use of epina, how to prepare the solution (dosage)
Advertising a biological product assures us that it affects not only the germination of seeds, engraftment and increases resistance to diseases, but also reduces the level of toxic substances, nitrates in plant cells. The use of epin during the growing season contributes to the multiplication of the ovary, it is less showered, and the fruits ripen ahead of time. Using Epin extra, you need to know how to properly soak the seeds, so as not to harm the future plant.
It is also important to know how to breed epin extra. An acidic environment is necessary for the complete dissolution of the active substance epin. Most often the water used by us is an alkaline medium. Before breeding Epin, throw a pinch of citric acid in the water.
Before planting with epin, not only seeds are processed, but tubers with bulbs and cuttings are also processed. Before planting, disinfect the bulbs and cuttings for 12 hours with the prepared solution prepared from one milliliter of epine and two liters of water. Potato tubers irrigated before planting in the ground. At 5 kg of tubers spend 1 ml of the drug, dissolved in 250 ml of water.
Use epin as a drug for rooting seedlings and the formation of additional roots. Seedlings are sprayed with a solution of six drops of epine and half a liter of water, when the seedling appeared two or three leaves and just before planting in open ground.
Also epin extra can be used for seedlings of tomatoes before budding, it stimulates the formation of a larger number of ovaries. During the growing season is not only sprayed seedlings. You can handle all the growing vegetables in the garden, fruits and flowers.
In order to relieve the stress obtained during planting or transplanting any and all cultures, a biological preparation is sprayed by dissolving 1 ml of epine in 5 liters of water.
In the case of the return of frosts the day before and after them, the plants also sprinkle with epin in the following proportions: - vegetables, strawberries and fruit trees during the flowering period, 1 ml of epin is dissolved in 5 liters of water.Also, as a fertilizer, epin is used to feed indoor plants. Apply a biological product in the spring or in the winter, when indoor flowers are deficient in sunlight. EPIN according to the instructions for use for indoor plants diluted in a ratio of 1 ml of the drug to 5 liters of water.
Strawberries are sprayed after winter (diluted with 1 ml of epine with five liters of water). Processing of grapes is carried out in the period of swelling of the kidneys in the ratio of 5 liters of water to 1 ml of epin. Oyster mushrooms and champignons are processed during the formation of the fruit, dissolving 3 drops of epine in 5 liters of water.
Epin according to the instructions for use is used to restore coniferous plants after sunburn, obtained in the winter. Dissolve the drug as indicated in the instructions, and sprayed not only damaged, but healthy needles too.
Features processing plants epin
Applying epin extra to stimulate the growth of seedlings and other plants, we must understand the effect it has on plants. Unlike the root or heteroauxin, epin does not force the plants to grow wildly, but simply contributes to survival in stressful situations (frost, violation of the integrity of the shoots, disease, transplantation), affecting the flow of physiological processes.If the plant has a phase of calm, epine will not force it to actively develop, because it is designed to restore and support immunity. Epin should be used according to the instructions and re-spray the plant no earlier than two weeks later, because an overdose of the drug threatens to cause the opposite effect. The active substance Epina will begin to accumulate in the plant cells as a pesticide.
During sprinkling, the leaflets should be evenly wetted with a solution. Practice has shown that the use of epin is most effective before and after the budding of plants. Spraying is necessary in the morning or evening, in the absence of wind and precipitation. Under the influence of sunlight, epine evaporates so quickly that the plant does not have time to absorb it.
It is necessary to spray only growing parts of the plant - leaves and shoots. The absorption of epine occurs within three days, so the next treatment is carried out no less than two weeks later. If the plant is not subjected to stress and is not sick, it is recommended to carry out a threefold treatment for the entire season.
Compatibility of EPINA Extra with other drugs
Often, in order not to process the same plant twice with different preparations, we resort to mixing them. Scientists have found that combination of epin with such drugs as Vitalizer NV-101, Zircon, Tsitovit does not harm the plant, the components of substances that make up the drugs, do not inhibit the action of each other. For seed disinfection and protection of seedlings from diseases, the use of epin allows you to halve the dosage of pesticides. Dissolve epine together with agro-and pesticides. The disadvantage of a biological product is the destruction of epibrassinolide under the influence of lighting.