Nature gave man an incredible array of herbs and fruitful plants to strengthen and restore health, to preserve youth and beauty. Many of them are known for a long time, but they continue to amaze today with their miraculous properties.
These invaluable gifts include Centella Asiatic. Its other names are tiger grass, thyroid and Gotu kola. This is a perennial creeping plant of the umbrella family, which was opened to the world by Ayurvedic medicine more than three thousand years ago. Due to a rather extensive range of beneficial properties, this herb is used not only for medicinal purposes.
Description and distribution
Centella Asiatic (Gotu Kola) is easily recognizable. In nature, it is found along ditches and in marshes, spreads over the ground along small ground, has small, rounded, bud-like leaves on short petioles with a voluminous hole and inconspicuous yellowish (reddish) flowers. The Centella Asiatic, despite the geographic prefix, is distributed not only in Asia, but also in Northern Australia, Papua - New Guinea. In Asia, it can be found in India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.
According to popular opinion of biologists, the observation of the animal world contributed to the discovery of the medicinal plant. So, for example, Asian tigers, having received wounds during a fight with an enemy, on a hunt or experiencing internal ailments, found thickets of centelles and literally rolled on them with their backs. It is probably from here that the plant got its other name - tiger grass.
The plant is unpretentious in the care and does not require feeding, fertilizer, loves wet low places. Most often it grows wildly, but it is easy to reclaim. In nature, the plant reaches a height of no more than three centimeters, in private areas with moderate fertility of the soil can grow up to 15 cm. Centella is able to quickly and strongly grow and seize other plots of land. So that it does not turn into a weed, it is necessary to thin out the shoots periodically.
In the absence of a plot, Centella Asiatic can be grown as a houseplant. This will require a wide low pot with drainage holes, maintaining the moisture of the earthy coma and the absence of direct sunlight.
The healing properties of Centella Asiatica have long been known. If earlier it was used only for treating colds and fast healing of wounds, today the range of useful qualities has expanded significantly. Among the main ones are anti-aging, moisturizing, healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and firming effects.
The extract of Centella Asiatica (centella asiatica) activates collagen synthesis in the dermis, increases blood microcirculation and skin regeneration, and smooths wrinkles. Ayurvedic medicine ascribes anti-bacterial properties to Centelle of Asian, which help in regulating the body's metabolic processes and fighting infections, as well as strengthening and stimulating the action against brain and nerve cells.
Due to such a rich list of useful qualities, Centella Asiatic is widely used in cosmetology for facial skin care, in traditional medicine, modern pharmaceuticals and in healthy nutrition.
On the medical side, there is a huge list of problems that Centella Asiatic helps to fight. Thus, the plant extract is used in the treatment of fever, hypertension, asthma, tuberculosis, epilepsy, peptic ulcer, neurosis, varicose veins. In addition, tinctures and decoctions are prepared from the roots and stems of the centella Asiatica. They are used as a means to combat and prevent dermatological problems (acne, burns, psoriasis, eczema). It is also known that the plant increases mental activity, so its use is useful for students and adolescents of the elderly. Relatively recently, science has proven the positive effect of Centella Asiatica in the treatment of cancer and Alzheimer's disease.
The plant perfectly absorbs scars, smoothes scars, heals deep wounds, relieves swelling and fights cellulite. Periodic application of anti-aging procedures with Centella Asian makes the skin of the face supple, smooth and gives it a fresh, natural look.
The crushed leaves of the herb are added to food and drinks as a tonic, antiseptic and mild laxative. In the food go and the roots of the plant. Milk decoctions from this herb in Asian countries are used as an effective tonic for the nervous system. In addition, there are popular Centella and Ginseng teas, salads and curries (seasoning).
Today, there are many cosmetics and medicines, which include Centella Asiatic. Preparations include face and body creams, gels, oral capsules, anti-aging masks, serums, tinctures, essential oils and ointments. Centella Asiatic is used to create anti-cellulite cosmetics, lotions for problem skin and oils after tanning. Also, the herb is part of dietary supplements against alcohol dependence (for example, "Alkostop").
Cosmetics with the use of Centella Asiatica have special conditions of use and storage. So, creams are applied to the skin with a special spatula (cosmetic spatula), and keep them only in a cool place (in the refrigerator, on the bottom shelf) and in a tightly closed container. This helps to preserve all the healing properties of the components.
Centella Asiatic has no contraindications and side effects. Its use may be limited only by individual intolerance. And although the healing properties of the plant help in the treatment of many diseases, aging of the skin and are especially effective for pregnant women, this is not a panacea for all diseases. Observe moderate doses of extracts, oils, to avoid allergic reactions. Before use, it is advisable to consult a specialist.
The plant is included in the European and British Pharmacopoeia. On the territory of the Russian Federation in official medicine is not used and is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation.
In Ayurvedic medicine, Gotu Kola is an important component of anti-aging remedies. It is also the main agent that stimulates and strengthens brain cells and nerve cells. This leads to improved memory, brain activity and the restoration of the CNS. Centella is often called "grass of memory" or "food for the brain." It has soothing properties - it is recommended for stress, anxiety and insomnia.
Contraindications and side effects
Centella is contraindicated in childhood, during pregnancy and lactation. Do not use means on the basis of centella with individual intolerance. Overdose can cause dermatitis (skin rashes), increased photosensitivity, headache.
Centella oil helps to relieve swelling. Extract of Centella Asiatic 0.5% is used in mesotherapy. The purpose of the drug is to regenerate and restore damaged skin, stimulate the lipolytic effect, reduce stretch marks.
Centella is used in anti-aging cosmetics. The presence of glycosides, which are antioxidants, contribute to an increase in collagen synthesis in the deep layers of the skin by 30%. Due to this, the epidermis retains moisture and elasticity. Salonosides and mucopolysaccharides, which are part of the plant, normalize the production of collagen, activate epithelization and smooth the skin.
Eye wrinkle creams, Centella extract gels are used to combat premature aging of the skin and stimulate the growth of new cells. Gotu Cola healing ointments are popular tools to speed up the process of scarring wounds and eliminate scars of various origins (operations, stretch marks, burns, acne, wounds and various injuries to the skin).
Its components have a number of positive effects on the skin: anti-inflammatory (a protective agent against bacteria), healing (regeneration of the skin), strengthening (strengthening the walls of blood vessels) and regenerating.
Centella Asiatic is widely used by Asian cooks. It is added to vegetable and vegetarian dishes as a spice. In India, it is one of the essential ingredients of the traditional spice curry. Fresh leaves are used to make a summer drink “thandaayyee” or medicinal tea. Centella has a sweet, slightly harsh taste. It is used in food in some countries - herbal teas, salads and curries are made from it.
Centella (lat. Centela) is a genus of herbaceous plants of the Flower Department, Umbrella Family (lat. Apiaceae or Umbelliferae). Previously, the genus belonged to the Araliaceae family (lat. Araliaceae) or the Schistolistnikovye (lat. Hydrocotylaceae). Centella Asiatic (lat. Centella asiatica) - the most famous species.
Centella is a perennial flowering plant. Direct rhizome grows vertically downwards. Branched pubescent stem located on the soil surface. In nature, the color of the plant varies from green to red-green. Height in nature 2.5 centimeters, in culture - up to 15 centimeters. The whole leaves of Centella Asiatica are located in bunches and are attached to the stalk by long petioles (3-5 times longer than the leaf plate). In each bunch from 2 to 4 peduncles. Leaves are round-reniform with teeth along the edges and 7-9 veins. At the base of the sheet plate is a deep cut. Peduncles small with 3-4 flowers at the end. Petals have a pink color. Formula flower Centella Asiatic - ♀♂ * H (5) L5T5P2. Flowering begins in June and ends in October. In the autumn, rounded brown fruits (mericarpias) appear, flattened on both sides.
Centella is the birthplace of the Indian Ocean basin (India, Sri Lanka, southern Africa, Madagascar). Distributed in Southeast, East and South Asia, Northern Australia, found in Papua New Guinea. As an invasive plant is found in Georgia, China, Japan, Oceania and some countries in South America. It grows in moist forests in the foothill and mid-mountain zones, as well as along rivers, lakes, marshes, ditches.
Preparation of raw materials
Preparation of medicinal raw materials begins in the spring, before flowering. For the manufacture of therapeutic extract Centella plant is used entirely. Leaves, stems and rhizomes are dried in a dark, well-ventilated area. The dried raw material is placed in specialized drums and crushed. The degree of grinding of raw materials - from the fine hygroscopic powder to a larger fraction (depending on the further destination). Store the crushed raw materials in an airtight container in a place protected from light, moisture and temperature fluctuations. Shelf life - no more than 2 years.
The composition of centella includes a complex of biologically active substances: triterpene saponins (asiaticosides (24-44%), madecassosides (34-66%), derivatives of triterpene acids (Asian, Madecassic, centilelic, centoyl), derivatives R1-barrigenola, polyacetylene compounds, glycosides (fankfunizid, izofankfunizid), flavonoids (rutin, kempfrol, quercetin, anthocyanins), tannins, alkaloids gidrohotin, triterpenoids (ursolic, 2α, 3β, 20,23-tetragidroksiurs-28-ols, 11.12 - dehydrousprolol, lactone, grinding, salt-salt, 2α, 3α-dihydroxyurs-12-EN-28-tin and 3-epimebasic acids, rosmarinic acid, centellin, centellycin, phenolic acids (irbic acid, 3,5-di-O-cofeyl Quinna, 1,5-di-O-caffeyl quinic, 3,4-di-O-caffei quinic and 4,5-di-O-caffei quinine), chlorogenic and isochlorogenic acids, mi eralnye substance (iron, potassium, copper, zinc, calcium, sodium, manganese, magnesium, cobalt), chlorophyll, vitamins (A, C), essential oil (0.1%), starch, thymine, asparagine, izoginetin.
Gotu Kola extract provides restoration of the body's energy reserves, reducing fatigue and improving well-being. Plant components contribute to active longevity, slow down the aging process, increase longevity, have hypotensive and anti-sclerotic effect, strengthen the immune system. Centella preparations have a positive effect on the activity of the brain - an increase in the ability to learn, an increase in the severity of thinking, an increase in the memory processes. The active substances in the composition of the plant are effective in mental illness, nervous disorders, epilepsy, menopause, atherosclerosis, hypotension, during and in postoperative rehabilitation. Scientific studies of Chinese, Indian, Japanese scientists have shown the effectiveness of centella preparations for scleroderma, myopia, glaucoma, disorders of the uterine circulation, cervical dysplasia, fetal hypoxia during pregnancy, obesity.
The blood microcirculation is improved, the vascular wall permeability is normalized, an increase in hemoglobin, a decrease in the average level of urea and acid phosphatase, and a stabilization of blood sugar levels are observed. Essential oil and flavonoids contained in Gotu Kola are useful for various manifestations of venous insufficiency (capillary fragility, heavy legs, hemorrhoids).
Ointments with Centella extract are effective for venous lymphatic insufficiency and slow cicatrization, for trophic ulcers, abrasions, wounds and minor burns.
The birthplace of the Centella Asiatic is the subtropics of the Indian Ocean. Locals from ancient times use the plant as a remedy. Ceylon residents have seen more than once how elephants eat this seemingly nondescript plant, and even Bengal tigers often roll in pain at the Asian leaf dam. Hence the name "tiger grass". In Chinese legend, it is referred to as Fo-Tl-Tieng. Herbal Professor Lee Chun Yun constantly drank tea with Centella leaves and lived for 256 years.
Scientific interest in the healing properties of the plant arose in the middle of the 19th century. Spanish and French doctors used “tiger grass” to treat leprosy and lymphedema. In 1941, the extract of the plant was isolated.
1. Encyclopedia of medicinal plants: the healing power of nature for you. - The team of authors. - PH "RD", 2004.
2. The World of Medicinal Plants NSP: Illustrated Reference / ed. P.V. Druzhinin, A.F. Novikova, status. I. Turov. - M., 2010.
3. Russian encyclopedia of biologically active food supplements: study guide / under general ed. IN AND. Petrova, A.A. Spasov. - M .: GEOTAR-Media, 2007.
4. Pharmacognosy. Medicinal raw materials of plant and animal origin: a textbook / ed. G.P. Yakovlev. - SPb .: SpecLit, 2010.
Appearance and distribution of Centella Asiatica
Centella Asiatica is a perennial short-growing plant with a thin stalk creeping along the ground, reaching a height of 2-3 cm (in the wild) to 10-15 cm (artificially grown). The leaves are small, whole, with blunt-crenate edges, on the stem are located whitishly with 3-4 leaf blades on one stem node. At the base of the sheet there is a funnel-shaped notch. The flowers are small, reddish or white in color, they are gathered in umbellate inflorescences located on small pedicels. Flowering plant in spring.
The root system is fibrous, superficial.
Tiger grass grows in regions such as:
- northern part of Australia
- Papua New Guinea,
Prefers Centella Asian lowland well-moistened places, depressions, verges of ditches, streams, marshland
Composition and properties of Gotu Cola
The composition of the plant includes a number of nutrients:
- vitamins A, E, K, B1, B6, B12,
- essential oils,
- steroid compounds
- triterpene saponins.
In addition, in large quantities the plant contains phosphorus, magnesium.
Due to its composition, tiger grass has such useful properties as:
- Strengthens the immune system.
- Promotes stimulation and strengthening of brain cells, improving the processes of memorization, increasing the level of intelligence, improves concentration.
- It has a pronounced sedative (sedative) effect on the nervous system.
- Slows down the aging process, tones the body in old age.
- It has a blood-purifying effect.
- Strengthens the walls of blood vessels of the circulatory system, improves the movement of blood through them.
- Accelerates the healing process of wounds, relieves rashes, and effectively treats skin diseases such as syphilis, leprosy, eczema, psoriasis
- It prevents the accelerated formation of wrinkles.
- Contributing to the production of collagen, makes the skin smooth, removes scars and scars.
- Improves the condition of the hair and scalp.
Indications for use
Apply Centella Asian in the treatment of a number of diseases and disease states of the body:
- mental fatigue, stress and depression,
- memory impairment, reaction rate, concentration,
- effects of head injuries of varying severity,
- decreased immunity, frequent colds,
- vascular dystonia,
- frequent dizziness, chronic headaches,
- lower extremity cramps
- lack of sexual desire (impotence).
2 teaspoons of dried, chopped leaves are poured with boiling water, and allowed to brew well. Drink the resulting infusion 2-3 times a day before meals.
It is applied externally to accelerate the tightening of cuts, wounds. Compress, moistened in the extract, is superimposed on the damaged area, and hold for 2-3 hours.
About contraindications and side effects of Centella Asiatica
The use of drugs on the basis of tiger grass is contraindicated in the following cases:
- pregnancy and the planning of conceiving a child in the near future by young couples,
- in the postoperative period with a pronounced intoxication and weakness of the body,
- individual intolerance,
- various forms of cancer
- high blood sugar and cholesterol
- In addition, Gotu Kola is not recommended for children under 12 years of age.
Side effects that occur when using drugs that contain this plant in their composition are skin rash, drowsiness, nausea and dizziness, and increased fatigue.
To avoid these manifestations, it is necessary to carefully study the instructions for its use attached to the preparation and it is imperative to receive advice on the appropriateness of its use with your own doctor or other expert competent in this field.
When the above-described side effects of the drug is stopped.
Technology of growing and harvesting Centella
Centella, besides growing in the wild, is successfully cultivated artificially.
Centella is not demanding on soil fertility. The main thing is that it always contains a sufficient amount of available moisture, and it was not very acidic. Medium-fertile light loam or sandy soils are most suitable for tiger grass.
It is better to locate the Centella plot away from the beds with cultivated plants, in the shade of trees, walls of buildings, near artificial reservoirs or drainage ditches.
Care is a constant watering during the drying of the topsoil in dry years.
The weed control in plantings is irrelevant - the tiger grass, despite the small height of its stem, very quickly takes up all the space around it, preventing other plants from developing normally. Because of such aggressiveness, it is necessary to monitor the centella plantations, not allowing it to grow beyond the plots.
Choosing a landing site
It is possible to grow Centella in pots and open ground, in light shade, avoiding direct sunlight, especially in the middle of the day.
Centella tolerates warm winters well, if in your region there are other climatic conditions, it must be transported to a room. In early spring, when the risk of frost is still high, it needs to be covered with a film.
Centella is propagated by Asian seeds or ground shoots. When planting seeds, keep in mind that in such a way it is better to propagate in a greenhouse or at home in pots, and replant already grown seedlings.
- Choose a place for a pot.
- Prepare the soil, fill it with water
- Put a seed, lightly press it, the depth should not interfere with the seedlings.
- The time of germination of seedlings - from 1 month to six months, depending on the season and temperature.
- For planting in open ground, select a place, loosen the soil.
- Dig a hole 2 times the size of the roots.
- Lay out peat and compost.
- Tamp the earth a little, pour it abundantly.
- Transfer the seedlings, sprinkle with earth.
Ground shoots Gotu Cola breeds independently.
Collecting and harvesting
To get the maximum effect from the plant, it is harvested before flowering begins - in early spring. For this purpose, the centella is dug out entirely, along with the roots, leaves and stems.
Dried the plant without access to sunlight, avoiding high temperatures, then crushed.
It is necessary to store the prepared raw materials in a dark, dry, warm (but not hot) place up to 2 years.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Known pests of the Centella Asiatic plants are not striking, problems may arise if:
- The plant is not watered enough - dry soil is the enemy of the plant, it can dry out.
- The plant has been subjected to the influence of low temperatures - freezing also damages the thyroid and leads to its death.
- The soil is too acidic, depleted - the growth of tiger grass in such conditions becomes more complicated.
- In the area where Gotu Cola grows, there is no shadow at all - the plant will get burns.
- It is not warm and humid in the place where the seeds are planted - the thyroid seeds sprout only when the necessary conditions are met, otherwise the germination period is increased.
To avoid this, follow the specified breeding recommendations.
Thus, Centella Asiatic has long been known to residents of Asian countries as a tasty seasoning, additive in cosmetic products and an effective drug. Many interesting legends have long formed around her.
Today, you can feel the effect of this plant far from its homeland, taking dietary supplements based on it, using cosmetic means or growing it yourself.
Gallery: Asian Centella (25 photos)
The healing and beneficial properties of Gotu Kola
The composition of Centella is rich in beneficial biologically active substances, represented by:
- triterpenic saponins,
- derivatives of triterpenic acids,
- derivatives of R1-barygenol,
- polyacetylene compounds
- alkaloid hydrochotin,
- posmapinic acid
- phenolic acids
- chlorogenic acid,
- isochlorogenic acid.
Centella blooms in spring
The main mineral substances are iron, calcium and potassium, copper and zinc, sodium and manganese, as well as magnesium and cobalt. The healing plant can cure:
- climacteric problems
- skin diseases.
Popular in the east, the "elixir of youth" is able to slow down the processes of cellular aging, removes excess fluid from the body and improves the immune system.
Centella Asiatica is able to slow down the process of cellular aging, remove excess fluid from the body and improve immunity.
Side effects and contraindications of Gotu Kola
Contraindications for the use of any drugs and folk remedies based on tiger grass are:
- the postoperative period,
- severe intoxication
- individual intolerance,
- various forms of oncology,
- high blood sugar
- high cholesterol,
- children's age up to twelve years.
As side effects that may occur when taking such plant materials, you can consider the appearance of skin rashes and drowsiness, nausea and dizziness, as well as increased fatigue.
Scope of Centella Asian
Vegetable raw materials are used in official and traditional medicine, as well as in cooking and cosmetology, due to the chemical composition and numerous useful properties.
The plant has a very original taste and aroma, thanks to which it complements many dishes of traditional Asian cuisine. Crushed herb leaves are added to food and beverages as a tonic and light antiseptic. For nutritional purposes, the roots of this perennial plant are also used.
Dairy decoctions based on such medicinal herbs are widely used as a highly effective tonic that has a positive effect on the nervous system. Among other things, in many countries, tea drinks based on Centella with the addition of ginseng, as well as various salads with tiger grass leaves are very popular.
Centella has a very original taste and flavor, which complements many dishes of traditional Asian cuisine.
Oriental healers and folk healers with Gotu Kola very successfully and for a long time are used in therapy:
- nerve-like conditions
- attacks of asthma,
- neglected tuberculosis,
- acute dysenteric infection
- ulcerative changes.
Fresh foliage has proven itself as a drug to get rid of jaundice and abscesses. It is used as an aid in the treatment of dermatological diseases, diseases of the stomach and intestines, and urinary and respiratory pathologies. Preparations based on Gotu Cola are used as antiviral, immunomodulatory, antiseptic, diuretic and blood-purifying agents.
Centella is used as an aid in the treatment of dermatological diseases.
Centella extract in cosmetology
Any cosmetics with Gotu Coke is very successfully used for the treatment and prevention of skin lesions. Such tools can be represented by creams, tonics, gels, scrubs, various elixirs and masks that allow you to resist the appearance of wrinkles and signs of aging.
The extract of tiger grass contains a sufficient amount of caffeine, which improves the processes of cellular metabolism, so cosmetics can be successfully used to get rid of cellulite, scars and stretch marks. Very rich vitamin complex due to antioxidant and antispasmodic effects.
Products based on such plant materials can quickly relieve acne and have a pronounced rejuvenating effect. Folk cosmetics based on this plant are very effective in the fight against sweating, corns, unpleasant smell, calluses and fungal infections.
Features of growing Gotu Cola
Instructions for growing tiger grass in the conditions of home floriculture is very simple. The plant belongs to the category of relatively unpretentious and winter-hardy crops, so it can be grown in conditions of middle not only at home, but also in open ground. Centella is a moisture-loving plant that needs regular and fairly abundant watering.
Weeding measures will not be required, but it will be necessary to protect the surrounding territory from Gotu Kola, as the perennial can quickly capture nearby areas and inhibit the growth of other plants.
Gallery: Gotu Kola (25 photos)
According to a clinical study, this herb has a diverse pharmacological effect on the human body. It has a balancing effect on the cells.
The main substances included in the composition are as follows:
- triterpene saponins (such as centellozide, brachmozide, madeacaside, madecass and other active organic acids),
- essential oils,
- trace elements
Studies on fibroblasts show that triterpenoids contribute to a significant increase in the amount of collagens. Gotu Kola helps to restore the skin even after radiation damage. The increase in the amount of collagen produced helps to improve the epithelization of the skin, making the healing process much faster.
Asiaticoside exhibits pronounced antioxidant activity. Even short-term use of preparations from Centella shows an increase in the blood content of non-enzymatic antioxidants. Again, an increase in the amount of antioxidants contributes to the active regeneration of the skin.
The plant promotes the active restoration of blood circulation in the veins and capillaries. This allows you to achieve the following positive effects:
- remove signs of varicose veins
- cure phlebitis
- eliminate muscle cramps
- eliminate signs of heaviness in the lower limbs.
One of the unique properties of Centella is the restoration of the central nervous system. Recently, the plant has become popular just because it is active as a tonic for a tired brain. Enhancing blood circulation in the central nervous system contributes to improving memory and attention, enhancing human intellectual abilities. At the same time, it is possible to achieve such effects:
- relieve mental stress
- overcome fear and anxiety
- eliminate depressive states
- improve the mental state of a person with schizophrenia, epilepsy.
Such useful properties make it possible to use preparations of Centella as a means with powerful restorative and regenerative actions.
Indications and method of the use of dietary supplements
The dietary supplement Centella Asian is used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- Violations of the heart and blood vessels.
- Various circulatory disorders.
- All types of diabetes.
- Chronic stress and overwork.
- Atherosclerosis of arteries.
- Mental disorders.
- All sorts of diseases of the central or peripheral nervous system.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Thermal and chemical burns.
- Cuts, trophic ulcers.
- Disorders in women during menopause and menopause.
- Reduced immunity.
Centella is used only strictly according to the attached instructions. For each particular disease there is an appropriate dosage. If a person decides to take dietary supplements, instruction is necessary in each case, as well as going to a doctor: only he can determine the expediency of taking such a medicine.
The drug is available in powder form (for oral administration) and liquid extract (in the case of external use for the treatment of burns and ulcers). Centella can be used in the form of compresses (however, in this case, you must be very careful not to harm).
Is it possible to grow a plant
Today it is possible to grow grass at home. The presence of even elementary knowledge in the field of gardening allows you to do it with great pleasure. It can be planted not only in flowerpots, but also in the garden area. It requires a well-drained soil with a large amount of sand. The soil is fertilized with compost, because Centella does not like poor and unproductive soils.
Very good plant feels in the sun and in slightly shaded places. However, one must be extremely careful in the late spring: the grass does not like frost. And if in this area there is a danger of cold weather returning in springtime, the plant should be protected with a film.
Seeds can be in the soil for a long time. Of course, they can wait for the most favorable conditions for germination. You can sow seeds in a greenhouse. However, even in such conditions, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is well breathable.
When planting seeds in the ground, you need to push them a little into the ground. The term of emergence of shoots is relatively long. Plants can be transplanted into wetlands. There must be a bit of compost in the pits. Cola grows even in water and can float on its surface. It must be remembered that overdrying the soil is deadly.
Centella is a very useful plant for people suffering from a whole bunch of diseases. And if you take drugs from a grassy plant correctly and carefully, you can soon achieve a striking effect. If there are doubts about the beneficial effect, you can always consult a doctor.