Pahizandra is a perennial groundcover. Juicy greenery is preserved throughout the growing season. Pahizandra is unpretentious in the care, ideal for shaded areas, for several years forms a solid green carpet.
Pahizandr belongs to the Boxwood family, habitat is a temperate climate zone of North America, Asia (Japan, China).
A distinctive feature of the plant is a very long, well-developed root system, which is located close to the soil surface and covers a large area.
Upright strong stems reach a maximum height of 35 cm. The leaves are ovate, oval, located along the entire length of the stem in three tiers, the entire leaves from 5 to 10 pieces. The width of the sheet is 2-4 cm, and the length is 3-6 cm. The surface of the sheet plate is smooth, shiny, the serrate edges, the ends of the sheet are pointed. Leaves are fastened on short petioles.
When does pachisander bloom?
Flowers pahizandry not particularly attractive, bloom by mid-May. They appear on the top of the stem in the spikelike inflorescence of 3-5 cm long. The flowers are white, dioecious (bisexual): in the upper part of the ear buds are 3-4 mm wide with stamens about 12 mm long, pistillate flowers have 2 spiral columns. Blossom exudes a pleasant, delicate fragrance.
In late August, flowering stops. After this, a leaflet is formed: the seeds are arranged in several dense triangular shaped boxes. Bolls are 9-11 mm long, even after maturation remain closed. The fruit is hardly noticeable, because it has a light green color and is lost on the background of leaves.
Growing from seed
Pahizandra seeds photo
- Seeds are sown in the open ground before winter.
- Before planting, dig up the ground, moisten it, the depth of seeding is small - 1-2 cm. The distance between the rows is 15-20 cm, between the seeds in the row - 5-7 cm.
- Be sure to cover the crops with leaves and branches.
- With the onset of spring, the shelter is removed, and soon sparse shoots will appear.
- Grown up seedlings break through or spread out, leaving a distance of at least 15 cm between the bushes.
It will take a couple of years for the root system to grow, and the ground part will turn into a solid green carpet. A bloom pahizandra grown from seed, for 4-5 years of life.
Planting and care of pachisander
Pahizandras grow equally well on light fertile soils and on heavy, loamy soils. The main role is played by acidity. The soil should be neutral or weakly acidic.
How to plant pachisander in open ground photo
For planting, choose a place in the penumbra or even with full shading. Access of the sun is necessary only for variegated forms, so that the leaves retain variegated color.
The distance between the bushes with any method of planting - 15-20 cm. This will provide the plants with enough space for full development and will allow to form a continuous carpet of a bright ground cover.
Since pahizandras grow mainly in the shade, they are sprinkled infrequently - only in very hot and dry weather. Avoid waterlogging.
Diseases and pests, fertilizing
The plant is resistant to diseases and pests.
Regular feeding is not needed. It is enough to apply organic fertilizers in early summer: rotted compost or humus.
Adult pahizandr tolerate frost well. Cooking shelter for the winter is recommended in the northern regions, as well as for young plants and crops for the winter.
Since during the first 2-3 years pahizandras only gain strength, young plants are located far from each other, but it is possible to divide the root and plant them more often. Pruning is also promoted by pruning the tops of the stems.
Pahizandra as a garden decoration
Pahizandra in landscape design photo
A distinctive feature of pahizandra is the ability to create a solid green covering in shady areas of the garden. It feels great under the lush crowns of trees, you can create circles around the trunks, create dense thickets. Low bushes are good for framing tracks. The growth of pahizandra does not allow the weeds to spread. Effectively combined with astilba, host.
Pahizandra apical Pachysandra terminalis
Pahizandra Apical Pachysandra terminalis photo
The most common type. Originally from Japan. The vegetation has a dark green color. The height of the stem is not more than 20 cm. The toothed leaves are rhomboid in shape, close together, arranged in tiers. Make up the length of 5-10 cm.
Fleshy, relief veins of a reddish shade pass along the stalk and leaves. Flowers have a white or greenish color with a slight purple tint. They gather in inflorescences about 25-35 cm long. It blooms for two months: April-May. A seed fruit is about 12 mm long. The view is able to withstand frost down to -28 ° C.
Ornamental varieties of apical pahizandra:
- Green Carpet - grows up to 15 cm, the leaves are bright green,
- Green tire - reaches a height of 12-18 cm, the leaves are shiny, bright green,
- Silverage - a plant with a height of 15-20 cm, on the edges of the leaves is a narrow band of white-silver color,
- The variegate is 20–30 cm high, the edges of the leaves are framed by an uneven white stripe, and the variety does not tolerate frosts.
Due to the color of the leaves, the last two varieties need access to sunny colors.
Popular pahizandra variety pachysandra terminalis japanese spurge or green carpet
Pachisander Apical Green Carpet pachysandra terminalis green carpet
It reaches a height of 15 cm. The leaves are egg-shaped, the edges are covered with teeth. The surface of the sheet plate is glossy. The leaves are attached on short petioles, arranged in three tiers.
Pahizandra axillary Pachysandra axillaris
Pahizandra axillary Pachysandra axillaris photo
Evergreen semi-shrub plant. The maximum can reach a height of 45 cm, but usually varies between 20-30 cm. Young stems and leaf petioles are covered with whitish pubescence. The leaves are oval-shaped with a pointed edge, are 5-10 cm long, painted in dark green. Only one plant has 3-6 leaves, they are grouped at the top of the stem. Whitish flowers are collected in axillary inflorescences up to 2.5 cm long. The seed boll is miniature - up to 6 mm.
Pachisander lying or prostrate
Pahizandra lying or prostrate photo
Originally from southeastern North America. This species drops leaves every year. The height of the bush is 30 cm. The stem is painted a brownish-pink shade, and the leaves are light green in color with small brownish spots. Shoots and streaks on the underside of the leaves are covered with a short whitish pile. The leaves are egg-shaped, wide, smooth, the edges have large teeth. White flowers with a pinkish tinge form in spike inflorescences with a length of 10-12 cm.
Plants of this genus are found in China and Japan. The genus includes such species of pachisander:
The most common and cultivated species is apical pachisander. All of them are similar to each other both externally and in growth. There are only some elements. For example, the axillary pachisander is characterized by short stems. Lying has brown spots on the leaves. At the apical edge of the leaves yellowish, and variegated differs amazing colorful leaf edges.
Plant descriptionCulture belongs to a separate genus of the Boxwood family. Asian countries (Japan and China) are considered to be the birthplace of origin. Sometimes it can be found in the edges of North America. The roots of pahizandra are very long and well developed, so it can cover a large tract of land.
Stalks of a plant standing straight and possessing strength reach a maximum length of 35 cm. Foliage is ovate or oval in shape. They are located along the entire length of the stem. The width of each leaflet is from 2 to 4 cm, and the length is from 3 to 6 cm. The leaves are located in 3 tiers and attached to the stalk by small petioles, the length of which is no more than 15 mm. The leaves have a rich green color, have a pointed end and sawed edges. The maximum number of leaves on one stem is not more than 10 pieces.Pahizander blooms from mid-May. It does not look very attractive, although the flowers have a delicate and pleasant smell. On the top of the stem, an inflorescence appears in the form of an ear, the length of which is no more than 5 cm. Female and male flowers grow on it together. Staminate buds, 4 mm wide, cover the top of the spike. Of these, 12 mm stamens stand out. In pistillate colors, columns are formed in the form of spirals.
Toward the end of August, the flowering stops, after which seeds appear in the leaflets. Juicy light-colored fruit is almost invisible. May be spherical or egg-shaped. Seeds are located in strong triangular boxes. They do not open even after full maturation. Drupe can grow up to 11 mm in length.
Types and varieties
The genus of culture is few. There are 4 species of this plant, characteristic of wildlife:
- pahizander apical,
- pahizandra axillary,
- Japanese pahizandra,
- pahizandra recumbent (prostrate).
Inflorescences up to 35 cm long are formed on the top of last year's shoots. Flowers can be greenish or white with a slight purple tinge. The bloom of pachisander begins in April-May, after which a fleshy and juicy fruit with a length of up to 12 mm is formed on it. This type of plant tolerates frost down to -28 degrees.
Many amateur gardeners, having planted one bush of pahizandra, wish to propagate it. To do this, you need to understand how to increase the number of bushes of this plant. In the wild, reproduction of pachisander occurs:
- basal processes,
Pahizandra can grow on any soil. Nutrient-enriched soils, as well as poor, clay soils are suitable.
As for lighting, the plant does not need sunlight. It is best to grow Pachisander in shady places. The exception is the variegated cultivar. He needs the sun for the brightness of the foliage.
- Before planting the plants, their roots must be held for a short time in a growth stimulant solution.
- Best planted in early spring.
- It is not recommended to plant seedlings too deep into the ground.
Pahizandra - a plant that is completely unpretentious in the care. It is required to follow simple rules:
- it is not necessary to cover the plant for the winter period. Shelter may be required only in regions with a harsh climate,
- the plant does not need top dressing,
- water is often not necessary
- if the plant grows in a container, then more abundant watering and periodic fertilization is required.
For better growth, the upper parts of the stems are preferably cut.
Outdoor cultivation conditions
As it became clear, Pakhizander is an easy-to-grow and unpretentious plant. To grow a healthy and beautiful plant, you need to follow some very simple rules.
The culture does not need sunlight, frequent watering and fertilizing. In addition, it is resistant to diseases and can fight with them independently.
Transplantation and reproduction
The plant does not need transplantation. It grows in one place for a long time. Therefore, transplantation is done only when necessary. However, it should be remembered that the plant grows slowly in the first couple of years after transplantation. Only three years later, the culture begins to grow, forming a solid carpet.
The plant is propagated by the following methods:
For cuttings are used stem cuttings. This is a very simple breeding method. Cuttings required simply sprinkle with soil. They quickly take root.
Reproduction segments rhizomes produce either in August or in March. They are planted no more than 4 cm. The distance between the landed segments should be about 20 cm.
The culture is practically exposed to diseases and attacks by pests.
The small family of pahizandra has 4 different types and several decorative subspecies. The most common apical pachisander. Her homeland is Japan. The plant does not throw off the leaves and stands out in the dark green color of the crown.
The height of the stems reaches 20 cm, clumps briskly creep away in width. The stalks and streaks on the leaves are powerful, raised and reddish in color. Serrated leaves, close to clear levels. Leaves rhombic or obovate, from 5 to 10 cm long.
On the tops of the processes, inflorescences are formed in a length of 25-35 mm. White or greenish buds have a light crimson color. Blossoms in April-May, after which a fat seed is formed. In length, the fruit reaches 12 mm. Resistant to cold to minus 28 degrees.
The apical pachisander has decorative varieties:
- Green Carpet - a low subspecies in height of 15 cm with bright green leaves.
- Green tire - has processes of height 12-18 cm, covered with glossy, juicy tabernacles.
- Silverage - on the leaves there is a narrow, white-silver rim, height varies from 15 to 20 cm.
- Variegata - along the edge of the foliage there is an uneven white stripe, it grows up to 20-30 cm in height, requires sunlight and badly blows cold.
Japanese pahizandra - a low plant 15 cm in height. The elongated dark emerald colored sheets have notches closer to the outside. Foliage with a glossy surface grows outlets in three tiers. Holds permanent leaves for a couple of years.
Pahizandra axillary - It is a constantly green shrub with many stems. Height - 45 cm, but more often in the range from 15 to 30 cm. On young stems and petioles there are whitish small hairs. One petiole has from 3 to 6 leaves, grouped closer to the crown. In length, the dark emerald elongated leaves with a sharp end reach from 5 to 10 cm. The axillary inflorescences are small, their size is 2.5 cm. The snow-white flowers are fragrant. The fruit box has three versatile horns with a diameter of up to 6 mm.
Pachisander lying or prostrate grows in southeastern North America. Every year throws off the crown. Curtain height - 30 cm. Stems of brown-pink color, leaves of light green color. The surface of the processes, stalks and veins on the underside of the leaves is covered with whitish fibers. The foliage is large, ovate, with visible teeth at the edges. On the leaves there are light brown spots. Rose-white buds are matched to long ears, ranging in size from 10 to 12 cm.
Apical pachisander is a necessary plant for the decoration of the park and garden. It is used in collective compositions in the form of a ground cover plant. It is planted on alpine slides, on slopes and in ravines to fix the soil and prevent erosion, decorate the shores of water bodies. Pahizandra is a plant whose decorative crown is valued more than flowers. Leaf cover effectively distinguishes it from others, gives aesthetics and superiority. Care almost does not require.
Biological description (with photo)
Pahizandra is known as a perennial ground cover plant with lush green foliage of the Boxwood family. At home, it is a wild dwarf shrub that covers the ground with a thick carpet. The culture is rather low - its growth is 30-35 cm. It attracts the attention of ovoid glossy leaves, the three-tier arrangement of which contributes to the formation of a dense living carpet on the ground. The diameter of one leaf is 2-4 cm, with a length of 3-6 cm. About 10 leaves are fastened to one stalk with the help of short petioles. The edges of the leaves impress with their original mosaic shape.
The flowering period of pachisander begins in mid-May and lasts until August. At this time, spike-shaped inflorescences appear on the top of the plant, which are soon covered with pale flowers.
In addition, pahizandra is not only an exotic carpet of a garden plot, but also the main tool for weed control, which simply does not survive under its dense cover. But it is worth remembering that, on the favorable soil of pahizandr, it is still able to show aggressiveness and quickly seize new territories.
When, where and how to land a pahizander?
The culture is rather unpretentious, its cultivation does not require special work and compliance with strict agrotechnical norms.
Pachisander can be planted at any time - from early spring to late autumn. She adapts quite well to her new place of residence, but she will not start to bush and expand at once, for this she needs about 1.5 months.
Location and soil
When choosing a place for planting culture, it is worth considering that it is not in favor of direct sunlight. On the contrary, pahizander prefers shaded or semi-shaded areas.
There are three ways to plant a pachisander:
- Seeds. Стоит помнить, что семена доспевают только в южных местностях, условия северного климата не способствуют процессу созревания. Обратите внимание, что размножение семенами — довольно длительное и кропотливое занятие. Семена высевают поздней осенью и укрывают место посева на зиму. Редкие всходы появятся только весной. The development of the root system of seedlings is carried out for 2-3 years, and they will only bloom for 5 years.
- Planting cuttings - a fairly simple and easy technique. For its implementation requires only to cover the healthy shoots of plants with earth. Roots will appear on them too quickly.
- Reproduction of rhizome segments. To do this, choose a healthy part of rhizome with a kidney renewal. The finished segments are placed in the grooves, a depth of 3-4 cm at a distance of about 20 cm. This method contributes to the rapid growth of the bush.
Do I need care?
The wide popularity of pahizandra among flower growers is due to the fact that the plant does not need care. One has only to remember that the temperature regime for a culture in the period of rest (in winter) should not exceed + 12˚С. Take care of your "pupil" from direct sunlight, and she will thank you for a lush, living carpet of leaves. As for diseases and pests, the plant is resistant to them.
How to use pachisander in the garden
Pahizandra is a permanent necklace of park and garden landscape designs. It is a bright addition to the alpine hills, stony hills, lawns, feels excellent in the parks in the shade of the thick crowns of other trees.
Using culture in landscape design will allow you to create eastern corners of relaxation on your own sites. To do this, it is enough to reunite on a small unpaved or rocky knoll rhododendron, pachisander, astilba, shadow saxifrage, and bryozoa. The effect will be amazing.