Breed exists already 5 centuries. It comes from France, where it was originally grown in the commune of La Flush. Translated into Russian, this word means "Lucifer hens" or "arrow." The fact is that in the Middle Ages there were legends that these black hens were somehow connected with dark forces. And outwardly they resemble an arrow, especially when drawn out in length.
In Russia, they appeared in the 19th century, but did not receive their distribution. There was a time when the breed was on the verge of extinction - it was most at risk in the second half of the 1940s. after the end of World War 2.
Despite the fact that the French experts have made a lot of effort to actively reproduce individuals, even today the hens of La Flush are among the most numerous.
At various times, chickens were raised exclusively for eggs or meat. Indicators of meat and egg production improved as relevant breeding work was carried out, therefore Today, in many French restaurants, chickens of this breed are considered a delicious dish.
Breed description, characteristics and photos
According to some external signs, La Flush is very different from other breeds. For example, the features of the crest of a rooster make it possible to distinguish it from all the others - it is bifurcated, resembling horns that grow together together closer to the beak.
- The color is black with shades of blue, gray and malachite (especially on the feathers of the wings and tail). It is extremely rare to find white or bluish birds.
- Body size is medium, landing straight, long legs.
- Females and males have white earrings under the eye.
- The plumage of females is often paler than in males - motley shades dominate the torso and wings, but the neck and head are more often black.
- The color of the beak and paws is almost the same - silvery shades with an admixture of yellow.
- The neck and the head are small, set straight, the eyes are rather large.
These are very interesting animals that will look original on the site - an elegant look almost always makes it possible to distinguish La Flush from any other breed.
The nature of the breed
Despite the bright coloring, the behavior of the hens is quite calm. They are very careful, they don’t like to disturb their neighbors, but they don’t let anyone near them. During the adaptation period, individuals will run away from humans, as they will get used to new conditions for a long time.The hens of La Flush are very careful, they don’t like to disturb their neighbors, but they don’t let anyone near them.
Chickens of this breed love open spaces, they can walk for a long time in the warm season and at the same time fly well, so it is best to keep them in covered aviaries or cut their wings.
Note. It is necessary to take into account an important feature of the breed: this bird really likes green grass, therefore, seeing the lawn, they can fly over the high barrier.
Despite the calm disposition, it is often possible to face the fact that the males will start to clash over the females. It is better to immediately resettle them in different enclosures. In the pack there is always a leader who can constantly pursue competitors.
In general, by its nature, this is a fairly convenient breed: chickens keep themselves apart, do not emit a strong quaggling and do not create any particular hassle.
Get to know other productive and beautiful breeds of chickens:
La Flush is grown for both meat and eggs.
The productivity indicators of these chickens are as follows:
- minimum mass of males 4 kg,
- the minimum mass of females is 3 kg,
- egg production about 170-195 eggs annually,
- fertilization of at least 65%.
A characteristic feature of eggs - large sizes, less than 70 g, they are not. The shell of cream, white shades, stronger than many other breeds.In the year the hens of La Flush breed give up to 195 eggs weighing 70 grams.
The rates of development of males and females in the first six months of their life are the same, therefore, up to 6 months outwardly they cannot be distinguished.
Good to know. During unfavorable winter conditions, La Flush egg production remains at the same level.
Recommendations for the care of La Flush chickens
Since the breed was originally bred in France, you need to take into account several features of the conditions of its content:
- It is important for birds to provide a fairly warm and spacious chicken coop.
- Individuals are very fond of walking, so in the summer it is advisable to keep them in a large indoor aviary with green grass (if it does not grow, you can pick it up and throw it up).
- Too often you should not visit chickens - any guest on their territory is unwanted.
- The diet should focus on young individuals who are particularly in need of protein: should always be given grains, fresh greens and vegetables.
- You should constantly give vitamins - at least 3 times a week.
- In winter, you can feed the sprouted seeds or give a mixture of herbs with needles - this is a good effect on the taste of meat.
Keeping in cold conditions, on drafts has a very bad effect on La Fresh - many individuals can not withstand such conditions.
La Flush Chicken Breeding
La Flash multiply well enough to hatch almost all chickens. During laying and sitting the female does not gain weight. In terms of caring for the offspring, La Flush is different from many breeds: the hens carefully incubate the eggs, and all the chickens live as a single family: if someone leaves, another female immediately sits on her bed.
The hatched chicken weighs no more than 40-45 g. It is covered with a dark cannon. All chickens are very active, so it is better to separate weak babies from the flock immediately.
Cubs are quite hardy, the main thing is to provide them with a sufficiently high temperature:
- first week about 30 o C,
- second week about 26 o C,
- then during each week can be reduced by 2-3 o C.
Chicks should be kept on a clean cloth so that they do not mess. At the same time, they should be placed within 25 pieces per m 2, and then gradually transplanted so that after 2 months, no more than 10 chicks per square meter appeared.La Flesh chickens are very active, grow well and develop.
Feed to start on the first day. Frequency - 5-6 times a day (on average every 2 hours). First, the chickens are fattened with eggs. after a few days, you can add cereals and fresh herbs, which will be especially useful. From 1 month you can feed the same diet as adult chickens.
Chickens belong to the offspring very carefully, so almost all chickens can live to a safe time.
It is interesting. Roosters also take care of the offspring - they can change the hen on the clutch when she leaves.
Diseases and Prevention
The main groups of diseases of La Flush birds are related to:
- digestive system
In general, it is a fairly stable breed. It is important to maintain a constant temperature in the coop in winter, as well as a constant balanced diet. Attention should be paid to the fact that birds molt in winter - just during the period of cold weather. Therefore, lowering the temperature below 18 ° C is unacceptable.
Since all chickens have a rather life-like temper, the first sign of any disease is that the animal becomes sluggish and behaves passively compared to the others. It is better to remove such a kuru immediately.Chickens La Flush prone to colds.
Along with this, La Flush chickens are quite demanding for cleanliness. It is important to clean the chicken coop weekly. Under these conditions, the prevention of the disease is practically excluded.
Planned stock replacement
In French farms, it is customary to grow La Flesch mainly for meat, so a special feeding system with a high consumption of greens and protein is being developed. Birds quickly gain weight, and slaughter them after 8-9 months.
At the same time, the potential of hens is much more than one year - at least 3-4 years they retain all indicators of egg production, therefore, in a private sector, it is necessary to focus on this period of planned replacement.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The pros and cons are entirely related to the French origin of these chickens.
The strengths include:
- good taste of meat,
- high enough productivity
- a large percentage of chick survival due to their sustainability and strong maternal care.
However, birds have disadvantages:
- they are quite expensive
- they can be grown only in well-insulated chicken houses, otherwise the entire flock may die,
- Birds love and know how to fly, which can also be a problem.
Thus, if there are appropriate conditions in the farm of La Flesh can be bred in the Russian realities, as many farmers say.
Farmers reviews about the breed
The experience of breeding chickens of this breed has already gained quite a lot of domestic farmers - and in general, the reviews are positive.
Michael. I bought La Flush chickens for two - myself and my neighbor. It was just curious to put an experiment, that yes how it goes. He has an ordinary compound, an old henhouse, I went through repairs 2 years ago - insulated it, made a turnkey building. I bought 5 pieces for myself and him: a rooster and 4 hens. The experience is this: if you create conditions in the winter like home, everything is in order - they grow and grow. At the neighbor 2 individuals died in winter. Therefore, if there is no capital hen house, I do not advise.
Ivan According to the La Flesh breed, I can say that I grow for a change, I just have a big farmstead. There are 20 heads of these birds, and for them I created a separate chicken coop, because they do not allow anyone to come near me - they simply run away, and the leader may peck. I appreciate their meat - tender, rich, very different from domestic. Well, stabbed, as they say, on the red days of the calendar.
On the video you can see chickens and cockerels of an unusual French breed of chicken La Flush.
The birds of this breed need a balanced diet, which consists of feed containing the full vitamin complex and mineral supplements, rich in macro- and microelements. Otherwise, the laying hens will be worse, the weight will be worse, and the plumage will lose its decorative effect.
Usually feed for this breed is bought ready, but you can cook yourself. Their composition should include:
- concentrates with a high content of proteins.
Individuals la flash must walk and graze. Usually the owners prepare for the birds a special meadow, on which they plant grass, as well as grain crops.
Molting chickens in the winter. During this period, their diet includes bone (or fish) flour, and even vegetables - cabbage leaves, beetroot, carrots.
Rearing chicks should be about the same as the young of other poultry. Usually, la flush chicks hatch in mid-spring (or in the first months of summer) when the air temperature rises to 16–18 ° C. The main disadvantage of these individuals is their thermophilicity, because their homeland is a country with a mild, warm climate, therefore, in countries with a cool climate, chickens a la flush do not survive.
And if the temperature decreases in the house where the chicks are raised, then special incandescent lamps should be turned on so that the young ones are not cold.
But in general, the birds are fairly resistant to most diseases, and the survival rate of chicks is about 100%.
Breed "La Flash" was known in France as early as the XV century. It is still unknown how the cross appeared, but Sarthe, La Flush commune, is considered to be his birthplace. As the “genetic basis” for the birds, the breed of Norman hens “Krevker” performed, having the same type of feathering and a V-shaped ridge.
In the United States and in the territory of post-Soviet countries, the breed appeared in the XIX century. However, in the first case, it did not take root due to the inability of the birds to adapt to the harsh climatic conditions, and in the second case, it completely disappeared after the Second World War. Thanks to the efforts of modern poultry farmers, in 2000 the interest in “La Flash” among the farmers of our country was renewed again.
At the present time, representatives of this breed are mainly grown with the aim of obtaining tasty, delicious meat.
Due to the non-standard, specific and very “elegant” appearance, the birds of “La Flash” are easily distinguished from other breeds. The body of the chicken is medium in size, has a triangular shape, low landing, it is decorated with well-developed, powerful, close to the body, wings.
A distinctive feature of "La Flash" is a comb in the form of a Latin letter V. The length of the ridge horns is 2-3 cm. At the same time, the pedigree representatives are not allowed the absence of a notch between the horns, the presence of a third horn or large bulges.
Birds have a beautiful rich plumage with a black and green tint. In the area of the tail and feathers of the wings you can observe shades of blue, malachite or gray-blue colors.
The nature of the birds, despite their frightening name "Lucifer Hens", is quite tolerable. They are quite active, cautious, do not like a closed space. Birds can not boast of friendliness, credulity and openness, but, nevertheless, it is quite possible to find a common language with them.
Chickens have a peculiar mind, they are wary of others, therefore during adaptation they may not allow a person to come to him or run away from him. Birds are very fond of freedom, are able to walk for a long time in the summer, while flying well.
Often, males show a militant, aggressive character, often because of females enter into a fight with other males. It is recommended, in order to avoid cruel fights, to spread the cocks immediately to different hens.
Well developed maternal instinct of hens “La Flash” is truly surprising. After all, they are not only happy to incubate and raise chickens, they actively help other birds who have no instinct for incubation. Laying birds are always ready to replace other mummies and perfectly perform their maternal functions.
The beauty of this breed lies in the fact that in the process of brooding, a male can come to replace the hen. If the hen needs to leave, then the daddy-rooster will willingly sit in her place.
Courtyard for walking
Due to the fact that “La Flush” is a “high-flying” bird, the yard should be fenced to a height of at least 2 m, and it is even better to cover it with an awning or a net so that the hens do not spread over the neighboring grounds. In the aviary it is necessary to plant green grass, and if there is no such possibility, then just pick it up and sketch it. It is also recommended to arrange a place for "swimming". To this end, dig a small depression in the ground and fill it with a mixture of sand and ash.
During bird walks, you do not need to visit the birds too often, as they prefer calm and wary of guests.
Feeders and drinkers
Birds should always have access to fresh and clean water. A sufficient number of drinkers should be placed in the hen house so that the chickens are not crowded. In feeders, it is better not to leave wet food, but to clean them after each meal. It is recommended to regularly pour dry cereal mixtures in them: corn, wheat, oats or barley.
Shedding and a break in egg production
In winter, when the air temperature decreases, the “French women” begin to shed actively, their immunity decreases, they become more susceptible to infections and diseases. During this period, a decrease in egg production may also be observed, but not its complete absence. The breeder’s main task is to insulate the hen house, prevent drafts from forming, ensure a high-quality, well-balanced diet and protect the herd from viral and infectious diseases as much as possible.
As a rule, French farmers grow poultry solely for the purpose of obtaining original meat to taste, so they send the bird for slaughter at the age of 9-10 months. If we talk about the ability to lay eggs, then it remains in the layer for 3-4 years. Therefore, when growing poultry in private households, it is better to focus on these figures.
When organizing the nutrition of chickens of this breed, you can use food intended for traditional breeds of birds, but with some recommendations.
Chickens "La Flash" have a high viability, resistant to various diseases, but poorly tolerate low temperatures. From the first days of life, the chicks are active, so it is very important to provide them with good nutrition.
As feed perfectly suited feed mixture with a high content of proteins. 12 hours after hatching, the chicks need to be provided with the first feed. The youngsters respond well to mixtures of fresh herbs, cereals and shredded boiled eggs. Regularly, at least 4-5 times a week, you should add vitamin and mineral preparations to your diet.
By the end of the second month, chickens are transferred to adult food, which is based on cereals, wet mash, vegetables, fresh greens, mixed feed.
French hens prefer nutritious, rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, feed. It is better to use ready-made combined mixtures that contribute to maintaining the health of the bird and increasing its productivity.
Не откажутся куры от зелёных кормов, которые участвуют в формировании их иммунной системы. Доступ к траве им следует обеспечить круглосуточно: в летнее время кормить травой и зеленью, зимой — пророщенным зерном, влажными мешанками с добавлением хвои и травяных гранул.
To maintain the attractive appearance of the birds it is necessary to feed the grain mixtures, in particular, an excellent effect gives a mixture of wheat and corn. Vegetables (beetroot, carrot, zucchini) will help to fill the lack of vitamins in the menu of "Frenchwoman".
How to choose
The problem of choosing a good "purebred" young "La Flush" today is quite acute, since few people are engaged in targeted breeding. In general, unscrupulous sellers in poultry markets or private farms offer “mongrels” who are not able to please either with good egg production or meat quality.
In order to purchase “purebred Frenchwomen”, there is only one way out - ordering lots of eggs directly from breeders in France or Germany, and the second option is much cheaper. On average, the cost of one egg is 1.2-1.5 euros.
In Russian poultry houses, the cost of one egg starts from 160 rubles, and the price of one monthly chick starts at 1,000 rubles.
Too light color, lack of horns or defective ramified horns. Reddish buds, lack of symmetry and underdeveloped chest, white feathers of wings, legs of a different color, irregularly shaped nostrils, unstable as on stilts, low seating, poorly expressed abdomen in a hen, squirrel tail, flat tail, very light or blackish eyes.
Origin of La Flush Chicken Breed
The history of the breed dates back 5 centuries. In France, the chicken was popular in the municipality of La Flèche, from which the name appeared. In Russian, it means "arrow", but the feathered foreign women have other nicknames - "Lucifer hens" and "goddamn hens."
In the Middle Ages, it was believed that coal-colored quills, with red "horns" personify dark forces, but over time the concept changed to exactly the opposite - they saw a house talisman capable of protecting people from the devils.
It has been suggested that the blood of the best aboriginal chickens in France and black Spanish hens is flowing in La Fleshach. That is why the birds turned out beautiful, unusual, with good productive characteristics.
Black spanish chicken
They were brought to Russia in the nineteenth century, but the breed did not receive special recognition. During the Second World War, the livestock almost disappeared, but was later partially restored. With the fact that the La Flush birds give tasty meat and large eggs, they are not considered to be the record holders of productivity, so they do not often start. To try the delicious delicacies of tender chicken, it is better to go to a French restaurant - the chefs prepare it excellently.
How to equip the house
The bird was bred in a warm and mild climate, so it does not tolerate cold winters and hot summer, it requires a warm and well ventilated shed.
The coop must be warm and clean.
Those who are going to breed horned chickens for the first time, it is important to properly equip the house, with roosts and nest boxes. He must:
- be built on a dry and level surface, protected from winds, an abundance of dust and noise,
- have a foundation with a warm floor at a height of at least 20 cm from the ground, does not contain loopholes for small rodents and snakes,
- rise no more than 1.8 m.
- meet the standards of the area of 10 m2 for 20 individuals. If the birds are crowded, some will begin to make trouble and hurt.
The chicken coop is necessary light, without cracks and drafts, with a normal microclimate. The optimum temperature is from + 15 to + 28 ° C.
It is better to make walls of wood and provide windows that would be located on the south side, at a height of 0.5 m from the floor. Sunlight must invariably penetrate into the chicken coop, otherwise the birds will fall ill. The floor is covered with sawdust, dry peat or straw, which are periodically updated. In the house should be a swimming area - a box with fine sand and ash.
Devil chickens can be kept in spacious cages.
Installing the door, you should provide a vestibule. This will avoid sudden changes in temperature at entry and exit. In order for the birds to leave the barn, a manhole is needed at the height of the floor. It is better if it is on the east side and is also equipped with a vestibule.
Next to the hen house you need an open-air cage with an area of at least 2 m2 and a high (up to 2 m) fence. From above it is covered with a metal grid, which will not allow the chickens to fly away, and also protect them from cats, dogs and feathered predators.
Earlier it was mentioned that “devils” prefer a solitary lifestyle. They do not like it when people frequent the coop and bother. If you do not take this into account, even the owner is at risk of becoming an unwanted guest and will be loudly shammed.
What to feed
For the health and productivity of the hens, an adequate amount of food rich in protein, vitamin and mineral trace elements is necessary.
Damn hens need green grass
The basis can be taken ready-made rations intended for meat and egg layers. They are complemented by homemade food, wholesome and varied. The following discussion focuses on the components that must necessarily be included in the menu.
Feeding bloody chickens should be varied.
Table 1. Cereals, greens and root vegetables
Grain seedlings - the favorite food of laying hens
Table 2. Protein feed and supplements
Meal, cake and beans,
Pea and feed lupine.
Meat and meat and bone meal,
small fish and fish meal.
gravel and shell.
Fish oil or vitamin D supplements,
La Flush chickens need fresh grass, this has already been said. To ensure their need for a cold season, in addition to fallen leaves and needles, pressed and granulated vegetable mixtures are used.
What to do in molting
The change of feather cover is a natural process. At this time, chickens are more than usual at risk of catching a cold and catching an infection. To maintain livestock, it is important to feed him well, keep him from drafts and with great care to monitor the cleanliness of the hen house.
How to breed
La Flash easily breed, give healthy and strong offspring. During the incubation period, the seed does not lose weight because the bird collective of this breed lives as one family - everyone, including roosters, is concerned about the preservation of the clutch.
Devil chickens are bred with their own breed
Chickens are born covered with dark down and weigh from 40 to 45 g. They are active from the first days, so the passivity of individual chicks can mean health problems.
It is impossible to distinguish chickens from roosters up to 3-4 months - outwardly they are exactly the same. Over time, earrings and “horns” on scallops become noticeable - in feathered guys they are larger than in pullets. On this basis they are distinguished.
How to keep chickens
Young animals are kept separately from the adult herd for up to 2 months. During this period, it is necessary to provide long-term lighting of the coop and a special heating mode:
- in the first 7 days to maintain the temperature of + 30 ° C
- from 8 to 14 - + 26 ° С
- from 15 to 21 - + 24 ° С.
In each of the next week, the temperature should be reduced by 2 degrees until it becomes + 18 ° C.
To prevent chicks from passing each other, it is important to monitor the density of their placement:
- in the first month - 25 goals per 1 square. m,
- by the end of the second - 10 individuals per 1 square. m
Now about feeding. The first should occur no later than 12 hours after the birth. The daily number of meals - from 5 to 6. Young people need a lot of protein to grow, so you should give chopped boiled eggs with millet and greens.
Gradually injected vegetables, increase the amount of grain. By the age of two months, the chicks completely switch to an adult diet.
Devil chickens are bought for private farmsteads, but they are more suitable for breeding in a large farm. Representatives of the dwarf subspecies purchased for decorative purposes, including for zoos. Regardless of the place of residence, horned birds always surprise, and also cause delight and respect.