Genus junipers - one of the oldest representatives of the plant world. It is not surprising that juniper berries, medicinal properties and contraindications to the use of small blue-gray fruit interested people a few thousand years ago. With the development of science to reveal all the secrets of an evergreen plant has become easier. It turned out that under the peel of nondescript fruits there is a whole biochemical pantry full of substances actively influencing human health and well-being.
Historical sources mention that the ability of juniper berries to protect wine from souring was known in ancient Rome. In Mediterranean countries and in Scandinavia juniper cones have been used in marinades and seasonings for meat and fish.
In the world there are many species of juniper, but the benefits bring the berries of only one - the juniper.
Features of the structure and collection of juniper berries
This most typical plant for Russia can be found in the forest belt of the European part of the country, in Siberia and in the Urals. Evergreen shrubs find bright spots on the edges and in the undergrowth of birch forests, under pines, on the slopes of ravines and stony ridges, on overgrown cuts.
When collecting medicinal raw materials it is important not to be mistaken! Only juniper cones can be useful, are used in cooking, traditional medicine and officially confirmed the presence of medicinal properties.
Rounded, with a diameter of 6 to 9 mm, the fruits at the time of maturation become almost black with a purple or brown tint color. The smooth skin is covered with a thick bluish bloom, under which a groove diverging by three beams is clearly visible. Under the surface there is a greenish flesh possessing a characteristic aroma and spicy tart-spicy taste. In each juniper berry, as in the photo, there are 2-3 seeds.
The best time to pick berries is September and October, when the flesh accumulates the maximum amount of nutrients. So that only ripe fruits go into business, they put burlap, film or other material under bushes, and then tapping gently on the branches and trunk of the shrub, shake the lumps. Then they are sorted and dried, without resorting to heating. It is important that there is ventilation in the room, it is dry and clean.
Dried juniper berries are stored in glass containers, in paper or canvas bags, protected from dust, sunlight and moisture.
Biochemical composition of juniper cones
The healing properties of juniper berries and contraindications that prevent the use of fruits, are directly related to the numerous bioactive components contained in the pulp.
The sweetness of the berries give natural sugars, mainly represented by fructose and glucose. Astringency is determined by the presence of organic acids, for example, ascorbic, malic, formic, natural bitters and resins, tannins and glycosides. Pectins and wax-like compounds, fatty oils, flavonoids and phytoncides are present in the pulp, and especially in the skin covered with a bluish bloom. Juniper fruits are rich in minerals, but the main treasure of the berries is the essential oil, the concentration of which reaches 2%.
The "lush" bunch of useful ingredients did not go unnoticed. The benefits of juniper berries today are appreciated by experts in traditional and traditional medicine.
The use of juniper berries: spheres and methods
In folk medicine, on the basis of such raw materials, decoctions, alcoholic and aqueous infusions are prepared. Berries are consumed fresh, often used in cooking and in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages. For medicinal purposes, blue black fragrant fruits have been used:
- as a natural diuretic and bactericidal agent for urolithiasis, cystitis and other pathologies of the urinary tract,
- as an expectorant, antibacterial agent for respiratory and ENT diseases,
- as a stimulator of secretory and digestive functions.
The use of juniper berries is indicated when appetite deterioration, signs of "lazy" bowel or fermentation. In all these cases, the fruits of a very modest species exhibit outstanding bactericidal abilities. Shishkoyagoda:
With careful, approved by the attending physician use juniper berries enhance lactation. Traditional medicine infusion is recommended as an effective tool in the treatment of angina. Baths with a decoction relieves the symptoms of gout and rheumatism. Syrup on natural raw materials has a tonic effect in the autumn-winter period, invigorates with increased physical and mental stress.
Preparation of therapeutic agents:
- for a decoction a glass of water requires a spoonful of crushed dry juniper berries and 8–10 minutes, during which the composition boils over low heat,
- for tea, a handful of grated fruits are poured with a glass of boiling water and wait 6–10 minutes for hours,
- for syrup on 100 dry fruits take 500 ml of water, sugar or honey to taste,
- for an infusion, a handful of berries poured with a glass of boiling water is drawn up to 8 hours.
Tincture of juniper berries is prepared at the rate of 100 ml of alcohol or 250 ml of vodka per tablespoon of dried fruit. In the warmth and with regular agitation, the product is infused for 8–10 days, after which it can be drained and used for its intended purpose.
For stomatitis, inflammatory processes in the throat and nasopharynx, as well as for bad breath, it is advised to chew fresh fruit. They not only have a beneficial effect on the condition of the mucous membranes, but also continue to affect the digestive tract.
The fragrant tart fruits of juniper are valued by the chefs. They give a spicy taste to meat and fish, help to preserve the quality of smoked meat, roasts, baked dishes and pickles longer. Strong alcohol natural flavor conveys a resinous fresh smell. In cooking, juniper berries are quite widely used in the manufacture of kvass and fruit juice, sweet and national baking, fermentation and pickling of vegetables.
Contraindications to the use of juniper berries
The richness of the biochemical composition determines not only the healing properties of juniper berries, but also contraindications that can never be neglected. Gray fruits and all products based on them are prohibited in the acute course of jade. Uncontrolled intake of herbal preparations can aggravate the situation, cause bleeding and complicate further treatment.
To abandon the use of herbal medicines that can cause uterine contractions and provoke miscarriage, should expectant mothers.
It is not worth trying the fate of independent treatment of juniper berries in the presence of diagnosed acute and chronic diseases of the digestive system and kidneys. Even in the absence of contraindications, the course of treatment should not last more than two months.
Perennial evergreen shrub or tree. For medicinal purposes, the fruits of juniper are most often used. Berries have a diuretic, choleretic, bactericidal, expectorant, analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, blood-purifying effect.
Healing properties and contraindications of juniper were known to ancient Greek doctors. In ancient Greece, berries were considered the best antidote to snake bites. In ancient Rome, the diuretic properties of grass were already discovered. In various epidemics, it was decided to fumigate the premises and clothes of patients with smoke of juniper branches. In Russia, juniper was used to make dishes in which food could be stored for a long time and not be sour. In pagan times, magical properties were attributed to the juniper. Wards and talismans were made of it, and houses were decorated with its branches to expel evil spirits.
Features of juniper as a medicinal plant
What benefits does the juniper bring to the human body? Does he have any contraindications? What types of it are used as medicinal raw materials? What parts of a plant can I use?
The distribution zone of most species is the temperate climate of the northern hemisphere. In addition to Europe, North America, subtropical mountain regions of Asia (Pakistan, Nepal, Northern India), the plant is found in North Africa. Common juniper likes dry, sandy soils, limestone, mountain slopes, hills, undergrowth, cuttings, edges, shores of water bodies. Less commonly, it can be seen in swampy areas and dense forests. In Russia, it occurs in the forest and less often in the forest-steppe zone; in the east, its range is distributed to the banks of the Lena River. Many species have limited ranges - for example, Crimean, Mexican, East African, Primorsky, Chinese, Californian, Bermuda, Tibetan juniper and others.
This is an evergreen coniferous plant. It happens in the form of a shrub up to 2 m high, or a slender columnar tree up to 5 meters in height with adjacent branches. Feature of the plant - hard and thorny needles up to 1 cm in length. The fruits of the plant (cones) ripen in the second or third year of life. At first they are green, then become bluish-black, fleshy, rounded (from 5 to 10 ml in diameter). Juniper blossoms in May, and its fruits ripen in September-October.
Features of the workpiece
It is important to know that only mature, blue-black fruits of the second or third year can be harvested. Harvesting begins in September. To do this, put a litter under a bush or tree and shake berries on it. After that, the fruit is cleared of twigs and needles. Dry only in a natural way - in attics, verandas, under sheds. When drying in the oven or electric drier, the beneficial properties of juniper berries are lost. Raw materials are protected from moisture, packed in dense dishes to prevent the evaporation of essential oil. Shelf life - 3 years.
In addition, you can harvest the needles, bark, wood, juniper root. Bark and wood are especially useful for gout and rheumatism, they are used to cleanse the blood. Pine needles treat respiratory infections, joint pain, skin rashes. The treatment of juniper root has a positive effect on bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, and skin diseases.
There are about 75 species of juniper. Many of them are grown for ornamental purposes, cultivated in urban gardens and parks, in homestead plots. What types, except juniper ordinary, are used in traditional medicine?
- Juniper Cossack. Most often found in the Carpathians and Crimea. This is a dangerous poisonous plant. It can only be used externally. Gather branches and bushes. Of these, prepare infusions and decoctions for the treatment of affected skin (herpes, scabies, skin cancer, radiation burns, boils). Also from the decoctions of the Cossack juniper make douching. These procedures are especially useful for trichomonas vaginal inflammation. The powder is used for dusting wounds, eczema, ulcers, warts.
- Juniper Crimean. This is a common name for the five species growing in the Crimea - tall, prickly, smelly, Cossack, ordinary. The most often harvested fruits of the Crimean prickly, or red juniper. It is used to produce juniper oil, which is used not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology. And its fruits are known diuretic, stimulating, antihelminthic action. Other species are valued primarily by wood.
To improve mood and relieve stress, you can just drink tea with juniper berries.
Diseases of the digestive organs
- Syrup. To prepare the medication you need 1 tbsp. l crushed dried fruits pour 250 ml of water and boil for 30 minutes. Then the drug is filtered. Honey is added to the liquid, but you can also add sugar to make it look like syrup. Take the medicine for 1 st.
l three times a day, 30 minutes before meals. Decoction. 50 g of dry fruits pour a glass of boiling water and insist 2 hours. Then the drug is filtered, and add 1 tbsp. l sugar sand. On a water bath, warm and boil for 5 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. l three times a day.
Respiratory diseases: bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia
- Inhalation with cough and cold. To prepare, you need to take 15 cones and pour them 1 liter of boiling water. The drug should be tightly covered with a lid for 10 minutes. At the expiration of time, the lid is removed and breathing healing steam.
Decoction. For cooking, you need to grind 2 tbsp. l dry berries and pour them 500 liters of boiling water. I boil the mixture for 10 minutes and then leave to infuse. Take the broth three times a day, for 2 tsp.
Juniper - Men's Health Benefits
The use of pine cones and needles for men has been known since ancient times. Broths and infusions based on juniper raw materials are recommended to be taken with male impotence. Medicinal properties of plants stimulate blood circulation in the pelvis and genitals, which contributes to sexual activity.
For the preparation of infusion will need bark plants. With young twigs it is necessary to remove the bark (approximately 3 tbsp. L.). It is necessary to fill it with a liter of warm water for 12 hours, preferably insist in a thermos. Upon completion of time, the infusion should be boiled for 10 minutes and allowed to cool. Take the medicine three times a day, 100 ml.
Treatment of female diseases
The use of juniper for women due to its qualitative composition. For the female body it is useful to prepare decoctions, tinctures and tinctures, as well as chew juniper berries.
Medicinal solution can be syringed, it will eliminate the inflammatory process in the vagina and appendages.
Aromatherapy will help with nervousness during menopause, hormonal disorders and before critical days.
For the preparation of broth need cones (1 tbsp. L), they pour 250 ml of boiling water. The healing mixture is boiled in a water bath for 5 minutes and then infused for several hours. At the expiration of time filtered. This tool is universal for the treatment of many diseases.
Application in cosmetology
In cosmetology only essential oil of juniper is used. Its use stimulates hair growth, makes them soft and obedient.
By adding it a little in shampoo you can quickly get rid of dandruff. Oil is a universal remedy for face skin. It is a natural antiseptic that eliminates acne and acne.
Creams based on it tighten the skin, make it soft and supple.
- Mask for greasy hair. The healing mask contains only natural oils. Connect 3 tbsp. spoons of olive oil with 6 drops of juniper. The oil mixture needs to be heated and applied to the scalp and hair. To wrap with a film and a towel, leave the mixture for an hour. Rinse hair with shampoo.
- Dandruff Remedy. Little juniper will quickly eliminate dandruff if it is constantly added to hair care cosmetics. The proportion of approximately the 1 st. a spoonful of shampoo or balm 5 drops of oil.
- Mask for the face. For the preparation of healing tools will need the following components:
- egg white - 1 pc.,
- juniper oil - 3 drops.
Protein must be whipped into a good foam and add butter. All well mixed. The mixture is applied to the face for 15 minutes and then washed off.
- Tonic for problem skin. To prepare an effective cosmetic product will need the following ingredients:
- mineral water without gas - 200 ml,
- juniper oil - 5 drops.
All components are combined and poured into a clean container. Apply daily.
Contraindications for use
Despite all the positive properties, juniper has a number of contraindications. Before you begin treatment with this plant you need to familiarize yourself with them:
- during pregnancy, the possibility of uterine contraction develops, which can lead to miscarriage,
- high blood pressure,
- chronic diseases of the kidneys and stomach,
- individual intolerance.
Juniper treatment should not last more than 2 months. If this is neglected, there will be adverse reactions, such as irritation of the internal tissues of the kidneys and bleeding. However, with proper preparation, storage and compliance with treatment recommendations, coniferous shrubs will only benefit the body.
Juniper berries: medicinal properties and contraindications
People have long noticed the healing properties of juniper and successfully use it in the treatment of a number of diseases. Juniper is called coniferous evergreen shrub.
It grows in the forests of the Urals, Siberia and the European part of Russia. Juniper fruits are berries Blue-black in size from 0.5 to 1 cm with a distinctive memorable taste.
Juniper fruits have both beneficial properties and contraindications.
- The chemical composition of juniper berries
- Medicinal properties of juniper berries
- Diseases that help juniper berries
- The use of juniper berries in traditional medicine
- For problems with kidney and bladder
- If you have problems with the liver and gall bladder
- To improve digestion
- For diseases of the joints
- To promote health
- Juniper fruits: useful properties and contraindications to use
From antiquity and still people believe in the magical power of juniper, the ability to drive away evil from the house, so it was often planted near the house.
The antiseptic properties of juniper are also known to man for many centuries.They fumigated the premises and shored it with branches on the floor in the room where the patient was.
With the help of juniper the pickles were disinfected for pickles: after such treatment, harmful microbes did not start in the blanks for a long time.
The chemical composition of juniper berries
The composition of juniper berries includes a huge amount of useful and necessary for the body vitamins and minerals.
According to the content of vitamin C, this product can be considered a record holder: 35 grams of berries completely cover the daily need body of an adult.
The composition of juniper berries also contains such useful and necessary minerals as manganese, iron and chromium.
Almost 40% of the composition of the product are monosaccharides; fruits also contain valuable organic acids and essential oils. Of particular value are volatile production - chemical compounds with a number of properties for which juniper is so valued. These include bactericidal, fungicidal and antiseptic action.
Medicinal properties of juniper berries
The use of juniper fruits is that they have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, disinfecting action, as well as improve appetite, production of gastric juice and bile, have a beneficial effect on the digestive process.
The composition of juniper berries include substancesIt has a tonic, laxative, expectorant and diuretic effect. This product also helps relieve pain.
The essential oil from the fruits of juniper has a regenerating and smoothing effect on the skin, has a tonic effect, therefore it has been used in cosmetology.
With the help of the essential oil from the fruits of juniper, they fight against cellulite, early aging of the skin, and also are used for procedures that strengthen hair, preventing its loss.
Drugs based on juniper fruits should not be taken for a long time, and the dosage specified in the formulation must be strictly observed in order to avoid irreparable harm to health and not to provoke a pathological reaction of the body.
Diseases that help juniper berries
Alternative medicine has many recipes for tinctures and decoctions of juniper fruits that help in the fight against various ailments:
- disruption of the urogenital system,
- pathological changes in the joints and muscles: arthritis, arthrosis and others,
- diseases of the respiratory system, including tuberculosis,
- disruption of the liver,
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels
- inflammatory processes of various etiologies,
- skin pathologies of allergic, infectious and autoimmune origin.
The use of juniper berries in traditional medicine
In alternative medicine, the useful fruit of the juniper has found the widest application: there are many recipes for various diseases. Various dosage forms are used: decoctions, alcohol tinctures, sometimes the fruits are consumed raw.
Juniper berries help well in inflammatory processes of the nasopharynx and oral cavity, including periodontal disease. Broth is used to rinse as antiseptic and anti-inflammatory drugs. The broth is used to alleviate the manifestations of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, its use contributes to the separation of sputum.
For problems with kidney and bladder
In diseases of the urogenital system, juniper fruits are used as a diuretic.
To do this, prepare the broth: a glass of water take a teaspoon of pre-chopped berries, boil for twenty minutes. You can not boil the mixture, and insist it.
The proportions are the same, the bay berries boiling water, they insist for half an hour, covered with a lid. It is possible to accept means no more than three times a day on a third of a glass.
You can use juniper fruits in combination with other herbal ingredients.
For the treatment of cystitis and inflammatory processes of the urinary system, you can make such a healing infusion: in equal parts mix juniper cones, bearberry leaves and licorice root, pour boiling water and leave for 20-30 minutes. Take strictly three times a day, 50-60 grams of the resulting infusion as a diuretic.
If you have kidney stones or urinary tract, you can use the following recipe: in equal parts, mix juniper berries, leaves of wild strawberries and lingonberries, field horsetail, licorice root and cumin. 250 ml of boiling water is poured over one spoon of the mixture obtained, infused and filtered. Take the infusion is necessary for 100-150 ml before meal three times a day.
If you have problems with the liver and gall bladder
To improve the functioning of the gallbladder in the treatment of gallstone disease, use this recipe: in equal proportions take juniper berries, dandelion roots and chicory, as well as herb root, mixed, two spoons of the mixture pour 250 ml of boiling water. Insist the mixture for about half an hour, tightly wrapped. Accept thrice per day 150 ml before meals.
For diseases of the joints
When the joint pain medication of juniper cones used externally. You can use a decoction: soak them with gauze and make a compress on the sore area. Alcohol tincture is also used.
Take a dozen berries, pour vodka and insist in dry place in a glass vessel with a tight-lined lid. Do not allow direct sunlight on the dishes with the tool. For a useful tincture, ten days are enough.
It pound sore spots, it relieves discomfort and stops the inflammatory process.
To promote health
Add the juniper fruit decoction to the bath, and take water treatments for 15-20 minutes. For the treatment of rhinitis and diseases of the respiratory system do inhalation with the oil of juniper fruits. Oil possesses regenerating action that allows you to successfully apply it to the treatment of poorly healing wounds and ulcerations on the skin.
Juniper fruits: useful properties and contraindications to use
Juniper berries contain a certain amount of toxic substances, which ensures their antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
Therefore, non-compliance with the dosage and abuse of this product can cause irreparable harm and adversely affect health.
Before taking funds on the basis of juniper berries will be better to consult with the attending physician. Reception is also absolutely contraindicated in the following cases:
- diseases of the kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract during the period of exacerbation,
- high blood pressure
You should know that of more than seventy species of this plant, only one has healing properties and is used for treatment - juniper.
There are harmless varieties of this plant, and there are also poisonous ones, because the best option would be to buy berries or medicines based on them in a pharmacy, unless you have a basic knowledge of botany.
The use of juniper berries can bring significant benefits in the treatment of many diseases, just remember that the measure is good in everything.