Xin .: plakun-grass, recruit, gorlevnik, gorchak, dubnyak, salmon, sapnyak, podborezhn, virgin mary grass, god's grass, boron beaver, grandfather's beard, wild cornflower, blood, lake linnet, liter, levkoniya field, girlish beauty.
Ivolist green lythrum - a perennial herb with a reddish-purple stem and purple-pink flowers, sometimes reaching 2 meters in height. The people of the sticks are known under the name plakun-grass, the plant owes this name to its special ability, allowing drops of excess moisture to flow down its leaves.
Ivolist green grass vert or plakun grass is not a pharmacopoeial plant, but according to scientific research, it is a typical tanniferous (containing tannins) plant with distinct diuretic and angioprotective activity. Ivolist green lythrum is not used by official medicine, but its medicinal properties, which are not denied by modern science, are widely used in traditional medicine. Scientists have found that the plant has hemostatic, wound healing, antibacterial, astringent, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is able to have a soothing, tonic and tonic effect.
Contraindications and side effects
Livolivny derbennik has a number of contraindications. Due to its vasoconstrictive properties, the plant is contraindicated to hypertensive patients; it cannot be used for atherosclerosis, a tendency to thrombosis in patients with increased blood clotting. Doctors do not recommend the wolffoot strut for older people suffering from constipation of atonic and senile nature. Before using the wolf bust, pregnant women, lactating and children under twelve years of age must consult a doctor.
Abundant bloom throughout almost the entire summer attracted the attention of gardeners to the idiot wiener. The plant was introduced to the culture relatively recently, but already enjoys the lasting love of landscape designers. Derbennik is able to decorate a flower bed, alpine slide, looks appropriate on the shores of garden ponds. The plant is long cut. There are several varieties of idiot, differing in height and shades of flowers - from pale pink to red-violet and purple. In addition to the wolfberry dander, a slightly more compact, deprived of the pubescence was introduced into culture, a prutoid stalk (Lythrum virgatum), also used in folk medicine.
In other areas
Another plus of the silly idiot is a good honey plant. Its sweet nectar and abundant pollen attract not only bees, but also other insects that pollinate not only the dungster itself, but also neighboring plants. Derbum honey is fragrant and tart, dark yellow. It should be noted that the honey flowers of the plant are edible.
Previously, the flowers and roots of the willow leafstalker were treated with vinegar and used as food coloring, as well as for dyeing leather and paper in a beautiful yellow-brown color. From the plant, tannins were obtained that were treated with fishing nets in order to protect them from rotting and tanned skin.
Ivolist green lythrum - a grassy perennial plant, sometimes reaching a length of 2 meters. It has a tetrahedral, hard-topped red-brown stem with oblong-lanceolate dark green leaves from 3 to 20 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Basal opposite foliage collected in whorls of 3-4 leaves, upper leaves pubescent, sessile, alternate. Rhizome thick, pivotal, woody, with numerous lateral shoots. Reddish-purple or dark pink flowers up to 20 mm in diameter are collected by whorls into long spicate inflorescences on the tops of the stems. Formula of the wolf root flower stalker - * P6 + 6L6T6 + 6P (2). The fruit is an oval capsule containing small seeds of the ivolist strut.
Willowbill sodden grows throughout Europe, in Central Asia, North Africa and eastern Australia. In North America and New Zealand, the species is invasive, invasive. On the territory of the former USSR countries, the plant can be found throughout the European part, in Siberia, in the Caucasus, the Far East, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova. Willowbill green stalker prefers to grow in flood meadows, along the banks of reservoirs, in swamps and in the coastal strip.
Preparation of raw materials
Medicinal raw material is the grass and roots of the silly stalk. The grass is harvested during the flowering period of the plant, from June to September. The bevelled aerial part is laid out in a thin layer and dried in the shade. Rhizomes are harvested in the fall, cleaned of adhering dirt, cut into pieces of 3-5 cm and dried at a temperature not higher than 50 C.
In grass Lythrum salicaria contains tannins, phenol carboxylic acids and their derivatives - chlorogenic acid, n-coumaric, ellagic, gallic acid, anthocyanins, flavanoids (orientin, glucoside myricetin, vitexin, gomoviteksin), polysaccharides, an essential oil, vitamin C, carotene, choline , pectic substances and resins. The roots contain up to 8.5% tannins, as well as saponins. Alkaloids and the glycoside, Liturin, are found in the seeds of the Ivolithic strut.
The curative properties of the silvid gumboot have been the subject of a number of pharmacological studies. A pronounced diuretic effect was observed only in aqueous extracts. The capillary strengthening effect was shown by all extracts in all studied doses, but the polyextract of willow gum in a dose of 1/100 had the most pronounced effect. During a long experiment on animals, it was found that the plant cures diarrhea well, as it contains active substances, tannins, which help retain fluid in the large intestine and, at the same time, reduce the effects of accumulated toxins.
Use in traditional medicine
The curative properties of the silvilus stalk are widely used in folk medicine. Fresh roots and leaves are crushed and applied to open wounds in order to stop the bleeding. Infusions and decoctions of the herb of the Volvil's lyceum are recommended for belyah, massive bleeding, hemorrhoids, menorrhagia, gastralgia, gastroptosis, chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract and upper respiratory tract, diarrhea, gastric and intestinal bleeding. They are drunk with epilepsy and other nervous diseases, as a tonic and fortifying agent, used as a diuretic. Infused on alcohol, the root of the cravat is taken from headache and stomach pain, with colds.
Baths of ivolist dervainik are taken with varicose ulcers, eczema, convulsions. In such broth, herbalists offer to bathe hyper-excitable or weak children. Pimples from the above-ground part of the wolf's stalk is treated for lichen, purulent wounds. Powdered dried grass powdered purulent ulcers.
The scientific name of the plant - Lythrum, in Latin, means “spilled blood” and is associated with the derbennik's ability to stop bleeding. The species definition, salicaria, is derived from the elongated, narrow leaves of a plant resembling willow leaves. Russian name - junk - associated with the old word "derba", denoting swampy terrain. He was given grass for the love of wetland, wetlands. The popular name - plakun-grass - is associated with an interesting feature of the cravat. In wet, as well as warm and dry weather, drops of water that look like tears flow from its leaves. The fact is that the stomata are located on the reverse side of the derbolic sheet, through which the plant removes excess moisture. A legend is connected with these “tears”, according to which the grass grew where the tears of the Virgin Mary, which mourned the crucified Christ, fell. Allegedly, to this day, the junkie is crying about him. And it was also believed that a bunch of plakun-grass, placed under a pillow of a capricious, crying child, is able to put a restless restrained child to sleep.
The wicked vervil of folk verbally endowed with multiple magical properties. The root of the plant, dug out on Ivan Kupala's night with a wooden spatula, should be consecrated in the church, offering prayers to the Virgin Mary, Panteleimon the Healer and Nicholas the Wonderworker. The cross cut from the lighted root should have been carried with it and it will protect from diseases. Herbalists read special spells over the grass:
“If you are afraid of evil demons, old witches.
But do not give you a quest - drown in tears,
And your disgrace will run away - lures into the pit of hell. "
Conspired in this way, the plakun grass protected it from the evil spirit.
The useful properties of the silvilian strut from ancient times were used in traditional medicine of different nations. In Russia, the fresh leaves of the plant were applied to bleeding wounds and cuts to relieve bleeding. In the broth bathed children to cure from the "fright". Derbenica tea was drunk for headaches. Plakun-grass was treated for "female diseases", including uterine bleeding and venereal diseases. With the bites of snakes and rabid animals, it was necessary to chew the root of the loot with bread or drink it with sour milk. Infusion plakun-herbs on vodka cured of gastric diseases. In France, lycra was known as the best remedy for diarrhea, dysentery and catarrh of the stomach. It was believed that its decoction can cure typhoid. Tibetan medicine recommended plakun - a herb against epilepsy and nervous disorders.
1. V.V. Danilov, “A beautiful garden with their own hands”, Moscow, Adelant, 2012 - 92 p.
2. O. Klimova, “Home doctor. Herbal stories, herbal treatment, Moscow, Ripol Classic, 2011 - 17-21 p.
3. Andrew Tsitsilin, “Medicinal plants in the country and around us. Complete Encyclopedia ”, Moscow, Eksmo, 2014 - 157-162 p.
4. Ilina TA, “Healing herbs. Pocket Guide-guide, Moscow, Eksmo, 2014 - 114-115 p.
5. Lavrenov V.K., Lavrenova G.V. "Encyclopedia of medicinal plants of folk medicine, St. Petersburg, Neva Publishing House, 2003 - 65-66 p.
6. Kyosev P. А. “Complete Reference Book of Medicinal Plants”, Moscow, Eksmo, 2011 - 556-557 p.
The most valuable properties of the idiot are:
- Wound healing
- Pain reliever
Indications for use
All parts of the sodum - flowers, seeds, leaves, stems and rhizomes have healing properties. Plakun-herb is widely used in homeopathy, preparations based on it are used as an antibacterial, tonic, tonic, hemostatic agent. In addition, the plant has an antibacterial effect against gram-negative bacteria. Also the recruiter is the main or one of the active ingredients of various drugs.
The use of idiot is recommended for:
- Lung diseases,
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract,
- General weakness
- Nervous disorders
- Noise in the head,
- Increased excitability, especially in children,
- Toxicosis pregnant,
- Chronic catarrh of the stomach and intestines,
- Gum disease and teeth
- Some cardiovascular diseases,
- Chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa,
- Genital diseases, including uterine bleeding,
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- The bites of encephalitic ticks, snakes and rabid animals,
Fresh leaves of the plant, crushed to a mushy state, can be used to treat bruises, wounds, panaritiums, abrasions, cuts, eczema and varicose ulcers (including bleeding), as well as various dermatological diseases, including lichen.
Derbum tea is good for insomnia, depression, restless sleep, hysteria, general weakness and just a bad mood.
In case of sleep disorders, including insomnia, and a sensation of noise in the head, traditional medicine suggests putting dry weed stitched grass in a cloth bag.
Soothing baths with the addition of a decoction or infusion of plakun-herbs are useful for easily excitable, restless and crampy children. With general weakness, such baths are recommended for adults.
Women have long used the dervarnik in belyah, heavy menstruation and various sexually transmitted infections, up to venereal diseases.
A decoction of the roots of the plant is used for convulsions, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, headache, it helps with toxicosis in pregnant women. Infusion of the aerial parts of the grass improves the patient's condition with rheumatism, prostatitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, nervousness, hemorrhoids and epilepsy.
Tannins contained in the plant weaken the negative effects of alkaloids and heavy metal salts, and polyphenols help with venous insufficiency.
Rinse the mouth cavity decoction derbennik possible with flux, stomatitis and sores in the mouth.
Plakun-grass is capable of quickly and effectively removing toxins and poisons from the body, so it has been used for bites of rabid animals and snakes for a long time. The same property of derbennik is used in food poisoning and alcohol intoxication. And with encephalitic tick bites, the plant counteracts the development of cerebral edema.
The use of derbennik is contraindicated:
- People at risk of blood clots,
- Elderly people prone to constipation
- Persons with high blood clotting,
- In diseases of the digestive tract, accompanied by constipation atonic nature.
Verbera has, in particular, a sedative and mild hypnotic effect. For this reason, during the period of use of the derbum, caution is recommended when driving vehicles and performing potentially hazardous activities that require speed of mental and physical reactions, visual acuity and concentration.
The plant leads to a narrowing of blood vessels, so caution should be followed by hypertensive patients during the treatment period, since they have a risk of even greater increase in blood pressure.
Infusion derbennika for the treatment of rheumatism, pulmonary, nervous and other diseases: 5 grams of dry grass poured into enamelware, pour a glass of boiling water, cover, insist for 4 hours, drain. Take 1/3 cup three times a day until condition improves.
Broth recipe for washing wounds, abrasions, ulcers, etc., as well as for bathing nerve kids: 1 tsp. dry crushed roots pour 1 cup of water for 5 minutes, boil, then remove from heat, leave to infuse for 1 hour, drain.
For colds and headaches, this remedy will help: pour dry grass with vodka (alcohol) in the ratio of 1:10, clog and insist for 14 days in a cool dark place, periodically shaking the tincture container. Take 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals, 20-40 drops, diluted in a little water.
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The use of therapeutic properties
Herbalists recommend vervien (grandfather's beard) with:
- dysentery and diarrhea,
- fever and chronic diseases of the stomach,
- intestinal disorders and gastralgia,
- colds and gastroptosis,
- depletion of the body and migraines,
- toxicosis and venereal diseases.
It is used as an effective emergency aid for bites of rabid animals, encephalitic ticks or snake bites.
Plakun-herb is used in various formulations of herbal teas with general depressions or chronic hysterical manifestations. The healing properties of fresh leaves of perennial - an effective means of stopping blood.
Attached to the wound or cut sheet after some time stops the bleeding. If the damage to the skin is rather deep and extensive, it can be healed with the best result, if the leaves of the dough are crushed in a mush over the open wound.
Infusion is continued for 4-5 hours. Before taking the tincture, it is desirable to strain. This amount of medication is taken during the day, one third of the total amount of liquid in one dose. Treatment infusion derbennik continue for 5 days.
Recipe number 1 We prepare a decoction, which can treat skin ulcers or open wounds. One teaspoonful of the dry, crushed roots of the cravat is mixed with a glass of boiling water, the mixture is brought to a boil and cooked over low heat for 10 minutes.
The saucepan with the broth is left to cool for one hour. After complete cooling, the swollen perennial roots are removed from the broth. You can strain the drug through gauze folded in several layers.
Prepared medicinal decoction is used to treat wounds (washing) several times a day. Recipe number 2 Infusion of migraine. The infusion is prepared in the following way: one part of a dry, crushed stalk of the cradle is poured with 10 parts of medicinal alcohol, mixed thoroughly, tightly covered with a lid and put in a dark place to insist.
Время для настаивания такого настоя варьируется от 5 до 6 недель. Два раза в неделю банку с настойкой хорошенько встряхивают.
The use of the finished brew: half an hour before meals take 30 milliliters of infusion. Since the tincture is based on alcohol, the finished medicine can be diluted with water in a ratio of one to three.
Recipe number 3 Tincture used for diarrhea (diarrhea). Three tablespoons of dried, chopped stems and leaves of weeping grass are poured into a deep metal container, 200 ml of boiling water is added to it, mixed.
Further preparation of the tincture takes place in a water bath for 20 minutes. The finished tincture is removed from the heat, covered with a lid and wrapped for a couple of hours for a greater concentration of the medicinal drink.How to use tincture: daily dose of the drug - 250 ml. This amount is divided into three approximately equal parts and taken 3 times a day. When using a herbal medicinal infusion do not take into account the meal schedule, that is, you can drink the infusion before meals, after meals or during meals.
Recipe number 4 When inflammation of the upper respiratory tract is prepared such an infusion: 1 tablespoon of dry, crushed flowers of willow-leaf cracker is poured with one cup of boiling water.
A cup of infusion is covered with a saucer on top and left for an hour. Ready infusion filter through a sieve or gauze, and take three times before meals. At one reception, one tablespoon of medicine is used.
Healing infusion taken during the week. If the improvement of the patient’s condition comes earlier, the infusion can be stopped.
Harvesting and storing grass
Since the stems, flowers and roots have healing powers of derbensa, tinctures and infusions are made from all these parts. The best time for the preparation of medicinal plants - a period in which the plakun-grass blooms in the first half of summer.
There are some requirements for collected medicinal raw materials from herbs and roots. For use in medicinal purposes is suitable only in time collected and properly dried grass.
In no case are healing herbs dried in the sun. They are laid out and hung out for slow drying only in the shade and in a draft.
If the herbs are supposed to be dried, hanging, then they are pre-bound in small brooms and hung under a canopy, which will not allow the rain to wet vegetable raw materials. Drying herbal raw materials continues for 2 weeks, after which the grass is placed in storage.
There are two ways to store grass:
- pre-cut with garden shears into 1-2 cm pieces, put up in small portions and fold into paper bags,
- Put the whisks of dry grass in a large cardboard box with a lid, pulling out as necessary for use.
Dry herbal harvest does not lose its beneficial qualities for two to three years. Perennial roots are gaining full healing power in the fall, but then herbalists dig them out.
Dug out rhizomes shake off the ground, washed in clean water and laid out to dry in windy, not hot places.
It takes 2-3 weeks to completely dry the roots. Then they are cut with garden shears into small pieces (up to 1 cm) and stored in thick paper bags that do not let the sunlight through. Use the dry roots of the cradle can be for 3 years.
People's experience in herbal medicine has been accumulated over the centuries, you need to listen to it and respect the wisdom of your ancestors, but you cannot treat herbal medicine as a panacea for all diseases. It is best to consult a homeopathic physician before starting treatment with herbal infusions.
Plant OverviewThis plant has many names:
- lake linnet,
- girlish beauty
- grandfather's beard,
- God's grass
- plakun-grass and many others.
Popular rumor has come up with many other names, but the most popular and common weeping grass. Let us deal with you in more detail the features of the wolfstalk stalker.
Willowbill Girdle - refers to perennial herbaceous plants of the family Derbennikovye (Lythraceae).
This species is distributed almost everywhere - Australia, Europe, North Africa, New Zealand, Ukraine, North America and Russia (everywhere except the Arctic).
Prefers nutritious and moist soils, as well as a lot of sun. Willowbill verdure is growing along ponds, rivers, lakes, swamps and in many other damp places.
The Legend of the Derbik
The legend is also interesting, that the plakun-grass grew out of the tears of the Virgin Mary, which she shed during the torments of Jesus.
But skeptics say that such a name comes from a natural mechanism for ridding the plant of excess moisture. That is, in the morning you can see water droplets (like tears) running down the grass.
AppearanceIvolist derbennik - has a long stem of about 80-150 cm, some varieties reach a height of two meters. The stem has a tetrahedral shape.
The root is woody, thick and creeping. The leaves are oblong, up to 10 cm long. The spikelike inflorescences consist of a large number of star-shaped flowers.
After ottsvetet, fruits appear in the form of a box, with small seeds.
Blooms pot from July to August.
The main advantages of the idiot
This is a medicinal plant
As mentioned above, it is not used on an industrial scale, but official and traditional medicine welcome the use of this plant. It should be noted that all parts of the plant are used. It is used for frequent headaches, urination problems, catarrhal diseases and dental problems.
Natural, resistant food coloring of yellow color is made of roots and flowers.
Tannery roots contain tannins. The use of these substances is widespread in the fishing industry.
Networks are saturated with substances and they do not rot.
Honey reminds amber. And the taste is pleasant and tart.