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Growing carnations from A to Z: planting, care, major pests and diseases

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Viruses. Viral diseases of cloves cause leaf discoloration, yellowing of leaf veins, variegation, as well as growth retardation.
Control and prevention measures: Sick plants are removed. Viruses often spread through infected tools when gardening or cutting flowers, the main carriers are aphids and thrips.

Bacterial wilting clove. The affected plants are stunted, the tops of the shoots become dull gray and wither. The upper leaves shrink, the root system dies off. The vessels of the stem have a pale brown color.
Control and prevention measures: Sick plants are removed. You can try to shed under the root and spray Fitosporin-M, Alirin-B, Planriz with biological preparations.

Phialophoresis of cloves. Whole plants gradually wither and turn yellow, starting from the bottom. Individual leaves have a reddish color. The roots are healthy first. On a cut of a stalk brown specks or rings are visible.
Control and prevention measures: Sick plants are removed, on the ground attacks do not plant carnation.

Fusarium wilting cloves. At the beginning of the carnation, the leaves wither and turn yellow, then the plant dries to a straw color and dies. On the cut of the stem, brown vessels are clearly visible in the lower, dried part. Stems are hollow, with dust inside. Reddish sporangia are formed on them.
Control and prevention measures: High temperatures and acidic soils are favorable for the development of the fungus. Such conditions should be avoided and hygiene requirements must be observed. For the prevention of cuttings treated with the drug Baktofit

Fusarium rot stems. In the axils of the leaves, on the root of the neck or in the places of damage, gray-brown spots of rot are formed. The fungus penetrates the plant not through the roots, but through sores or weak points, especially in damp conditions.
Control and prevention measures: Shoots affected are cut. Dry the plants immediately.

Brown rot. On young plants appear brown depressed spots of rot. With high humidity on the soil, especially under fallen leaves, long, shiny, whitish filaments of mycelium are visible.
Control and prevention measures: At the first signs of a disease, plantings are sprayed or watered with Rovral from a watering can. Shed under the root of Biopreparations Fitosporin-M, Alirin-B. When planting and transplanting use biopreparation Gliokladin.

White rot. Shoots or whole plants wither, brown spots form on the stems, inside - white felt mycelium with black vegetative bodies - sclerotia.
Control and prevention measures: Affected plants are removed. Mass planting is treated with Rovral.

Alternaria carnation. Between the leaf veins appear chaotic ash-gray spots with a dark border around the edge and an olive-brown patina of sporangia in the middle. Later spots merge together. Affected leaves, flowers and shoots die off.
Control and prevention measures: Sick plants destroy, reduce air humidity and spray plantings less often. Chemical control methods include irrigation with Rovral or Baymat preparations.

Black carnations. Leaves form rounded gray-brown spots with a red-brown purple rim.
Control and prevention measures: The diseased parts of the plant are removed. Planted cloves in full sun where the plants dry faster.

Rust. On leaves and stems, depressed light spots are formed, and on the reverse side - yellowish at first, then brown pads. Spores of the fungus spread through the air.
Control and prevention measures: Lower diseased leaves immediately cut off. Treat with preparations Topaz, with care Bordeaux mixture, Abiga-Peak.

Spider mite Yellowish specks appear on the leaves, later - extensive bleached and dried areas. Small (0.2-0.5 mm) mites live on the underside of the leaves among the finest cobwebs.
Control and prevention measures: The appearance of ticks contributes to high temperature and dry air. In the case of light damage, plants can be treated with soap or mineral oil. With a strong treatment with drugs Fitoverm, Akarin, Vertimek, Lightning, etc.

Leaf miner. Small yellow punctures appear on the leaves, later - light pests. The light brown pupae of the miners lie on the leaves and then fall to the ground.
Control and prevention measures: When buying seedlings carefully inspect the plants for pests. The affected plants are immediately removed, until insects are released from the pupae. You can use drugs Actellic, Karbofos, Fufanon.

Spring fly. Shoots in the center of the bush become dull gray and flabby, they dry up and rot. White larvae, 5–8 mm long, gnaw through the stalks inside the stems.
Control and prevention measures: Loosen the soil around the plants after the leaves die. From chemicals you can try the preparations of the flyer, medvetoks, Zemlin, Karate Zeon, tobacco dust, Tabazol, Aktara.

Thrips. Young leaves are deformed, the point of growth is curved. Flowers with spots, petals at the edges turn brown. In flowers, especially in the area of ​​stamens, thrips actively reproduce.
Control and prevention measures: Affected plants destroy. In the greenhouses, sticky blue traps are hung. This is especially important for young plants, as even single insects can disfigure them. Supplement drugs Aktara, Aktellik, Fufanon, Fitoverm, Tanrek, Iskra, etc. After 4-5 days, the treatment is repeated, because insecticides do not affect all stages of development of these insects.

Gray rot. Affected tissue becomes soft and watery. When high humidity air forms a gray patina.
Control and prevention measures: Old leaves and other dying off parts of plants are removed. In the winter months they reduce the humidity of the air. Plants contain dry, do not spray and do not allow dew to form. Of the chemical drugs drugs Skor, Chistotsvet, Fundazol, Rovral, Ronilan, Euparin.

Caterpillars On the leaves, buds and flowers appear gnawing, black feces of caterpillars are often visible.
Control and prevention measures: Plants periodically inspect, especially in the evenings, and collect caterpillars. In mass plantings it is sometimes advisable to use plant protection products. Biological insecticides: Lepidotsid, Bitoksibatsillin, Bicol, chemical: Bi-58 New, Fufanon, Zolon, Aktellik, Fitoverm, Arrivo, Tsipi, Tsiper and others.
Author photo: Central Science Laboratory, Harpenden Archive, British Crown, Bugwood.org

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Types and varieties of carnations

The most popular for growing at the dacha are the following types:

Turkish or bearded carnation (D / barbatus) is short (15–20 cm) and tall (60–80 cm). The main characteristic difference from other types of carnations is that its small flowers (simple or terry) are gathered in “umbrellas” with a diameter of 10-12 cm. It blooms in June - July. Flowers can be both monophonic and tricolor. Famous varieties: “Red Monarch”, “Diadem”, “Newport Pink”, “Wiese Riesen”, “Kupferrot”, “Schneeball”, “Mirage”.

Chinese carnation (D / chinensis) - perennial plant. In Russia, due to climatic characteristics, they are grown as an annual crop. It grows in the form of bushes with a size of 15-50 cm. It blooms from July to August. On dwarf varieties, a contrasting ring in the center of the flower is characteristic. Popular varieties: “Parfait Strawberry”, “Ideal Rose”, “Color Magician”, “Ideal Rose”.

clove pinnate (D. plumarius) - a small plant (25-30 cm), forming a dense "pillow" of a large number of shoots. In one place can stay up to 4-5 years. Flowers can be simple and terry, have a pleasant aroma. The color varies from all shades of pink to white. Blossom begins in June. Hardy The most famous varieties are: “Cyclops”, “Pheasant’s Eye”, “Sweetness”, “Semi-double Mixed”, “Semi-double Mixed”.

alpine carnation (D. alpinus) - perennial short (20-25 cm) species. It is used in rock gardens, rockeries, as a border and ground cover plant.

Carnation travyanka (D. deltoides) forms loose katinki. Hardy to -40 ° C. Blossom begins in late June and until the second decade of September. The most famous varieties: "Brilliancy", "Flashing Light", "Microchip", "Arctic Fire". They are planted on alpine slides, in borders, for decorating tree trunks under young fruit trees.

dutch or garden carnation (D. Caryophyllus) is grown as a perennial, flowering lasts from May to August. The flowers are terry, semi-double, their coloring is different. Carnation groups such as Shabo, Souvenir de Malmaison, and the Grenadines have become popular among this species.

Among the garden carnations, the remontant blooming is valued many times a season. This hybrid was obtained by multiple crossing of different types and forms. Depending on the size of the stems (high - from 60 cm, medium - 30-60 cm and dwarf - below 30 cm) are used for cutting, decorating flower beds, landscaping balconies, as pot plants in indoor floriculture.

Growing Carnation: Choosing Planting Material

You can grow carnations with seeds, seedlings, rooted cuttings, shrubs bushes.

Seeds - the cheapest way to purchase planting material. Perennials grown from seed, bloom only in the second year.

Seedlings and rooted cuttings can be purchased in nurseries or greenhouses.

Delenki bushes do not appear in the mass sale of stores. They can be purchased from the neighbors in the country.

It is necessary to choose planting material taking into account the climatic conditions of your region and the purpose of using these flowers (in rockeries, alpine hills, for cutting, as a pot crop).

We grow carnations: landing

Landing place: all kinds of cloves like light sunny areas. Grass, Turkish and feathery carnations can grow in partial shade.

Soil: Cloves prefer drained, fertilized soil with a pH close to neutral. If the location is close to the location of groundwater, then the carnations should be planted in elevated flower beds.

Carnations are propagated by seeds and vegetatively (cuttings, dividing the bush and cuttings).

Seeds are grown annual clove (Shabo, Chinese) and biennial. At the same time, plants obtained from seeds may not retain varietal color. In January-February, sowing is done in pots with a prepared substrate from leafy ground (2 parts), peat (2 parts) and sand (1 part). Seeds are distributed over the grooves (depth 0.3 cm), sprinkled with sand, covered with foil. Crops contain at + 12-16 ° C. After 7-10 days, shoots appear. During this period, you can use the backlight. When the seedlings grow 2 pairs of leaves, they dive into separate cups. To bushes were compact, the point of growth must be pinned. Seedlings are planted on the beds in the last decade of May or in the first week of June, maintaining a distance of at least 20 cm between the plants.

Perennial carnations sow in the early spring or fall immediately into the ground. Such plants will bloom only in the second year.

All types of cloves, except for annuals, propagate by cuttings. It is better to harvest cuttings in early autumn or spring, so that young plants take root before the summer heat or frost. For grafting, half-matured stems are needed. They are divided into pieces the size of 3-9 cm (length depends on the type of cloves). It is better to take cuttings from the middle part of the shoot. The cut on the shoot is done under the knot. Two pairs of lower leaflets are removed. A sharp knife is cut into the depth of 1/3 of the stem between the two lower nodes. The cuttings are planted in the prepared substrate (sand + perlite / vermiculite), covered with foil or placed in a greenhouse until rooting (15-20 days).

Layers grow carnations with long shoots. At the site of the stem between the nodes, an incision is made 1/3 of the thickness, they bend it to the ground, fixed with sand and watered. After the appearance of the roots, the young plant is separated from the parent and planted separately.

The division of the bush is used for those types of cloves that form turf, as well as when it is necessary to rejuvenate a valuable plant variety. The bush is divided into 2-3 years of vegetation of the queen cell. The separated parts bloom in the same year, but not very abundantly.

Vegetative reproduction is good because in this case, new plants will have all the specific features. Propagate carnations, especially perennial, more often, because over time they lose their decorative effect.

Growing carnations: care

Caring for carnations is simple and consists in watering, weeding, loosening, fertilizing, sheltering for the winter.

Watering is carried out 2 times a week in the morning, at 12-15 l / m2. Depending on the season, weather and the physical properties of the soil, watering should be regulated. If the plants are located in a lowland, then the amount of watering is reduced, otherwise the carnation will die on the root rot. Flowers watered at the root, and not on top.

After watering the land around the bushes of plants it is necessary to break through so as not to provoke the development of fungal diseases.

Fertilizers have a good effect on varietal cloves. In the autumn, a plot intended for growing cloves is dug up with organic fertilizers (humus, peat compost) at the rate of 2 kg / m2. Do not use fresh manure. Nitrogen is needed for carnations when growing foliage, so it is introduced (5-6 g / m2) after the adaptation of the planted plants in a new place. During the period of tillering and budding, plants are fed with potash and phosphate fertilizers (4-5 g / m2). You can use complex flower fertilizers, for example, Agricola, Bud, Ideal, etc.

Carnations are resistant to wintering in open ground. In snowless winters, severe frosts (-30-40 ° C) can become dangerous. In spring, these flowers may also suffer from thaws: sprouts make their way through thawed thawed patches, and at night frosts destroy them. For safety net, you can mulch clove bushes or cover them with fir branches.

Tall varieties must be tied up to avoid stalk breakage.

In the summer, in order to stimulate the emergence of new shoots and secondary flowering, it is necessary to trim off the flowering stems.

Major pests and diseases. Methods of dealing with them

Aphid - a dangerous sucking pest, damaging young leaves and shoots (they are deformed, become sticky). It multiplies rapidly in dry weather, suffers viral diseases. For the destruction of insects using insecticides.

Thrips - small (1-1.5 mm) sucking brown insects. Silver-colored spots are formed on the damaged plants, the growth point is deformed, the flower petals turn brown. For destruction of thrips apply double spraying with insecticides: Aktara, Fitoverm, Fufanon, Spark with an interval of 4-5 days.

Spider mite and its larvae damage the plants, sucking the juices from the leaves and young shoots. Large, colorless and dried out areas are visible on the damaged leaves. It multiplies rapidly in dry air and high temperature. To destroy ticks, it is necessary to use different insecticides and alternate them, since new populations become resistant to poison.

Fly clove - a small insect brown-gray color and a length of 6-7 mm. Damage is caused by its larvae, which mine the leaves and stems. Part of the escape over the affected area takes a gray color, fades and dies. Pest control measures include cleaning and burning plant residues, plowing or digging up plots, and thermal soil disinfection (in greenhouses). Chemical treatment is the use of insecticides (Karate, Spark, Lightning).

Nematodes affect both the stems and roots of the plant. In damaged carnations growth slows down, the leaves turn yellow and dry. When the gall nematodes on the roots are characterized by swellings and warty growths. The fight against it consists in disinfecting the soil, using healthy planting material.

Clove elephant - yellowish-brown beetle with black and white stripes. Lay eggs in the thick of leaves. Damage to carnations is caused by imago and larvae eating leaves. Hibernate under plant debris and in the soil. Therefore, autumn digging of the site, cleaning of plant residues, the use of insecticides is obligatory.

Clove Moth - butterflies size 18-22 mm. The female has orange wings, the male has gray-brown. The caterpillars cause damage: they devour the leaves and ovaries, weave them in with cobwebs, make passages inside the stem.

Bacterial cancer - A disease caused by the bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The growth of diseased carnations is suspended. A characteristic feature of this type of cancer is bumpy growths on the roots. With the development of the disease, the root system rots. Infected plants do not respond to treatment, they must be burned.

When Alternaria on the affected carnations appear gray spots with a black coating. The stem is bent, new leaves shrink. The plant fades and dies. The disease is rapidly developing with high humidity and soil. The most likely to be affected is the Chabot carnation. It is recommended to alternate cultures at the site, destroy plant residues, comply with agricultural practices. Sick plants are sprayed three times with fungicides, keeping the interval between treatments 10-15 days.

Rust - Another fungal disease. The most dangerous for remontant carnations grown in greenhouses. On the affected leaves, stems, and buds, orange spots appear with chlorotic sites of adjacent tissues. Заболевание прогрессирует при повышенной влажности почвы, передозировки азота и дефицита калия. При первых признаках ржавчины растения надо опрыскать фунгицидными препаратами.

Кольцевая пятнистость, или мозаика. Этому заболеванию подвержена в основном турецкая гвоздика. На чашечке цветка и на листьях проявляется в виде желто-зеленых вытянутых колец. The edges of the leaves become wavy and brown, bent. It is recommended to comply with agricultural practices and destroy sucking pests - carriers of viral diseases.

Phialophoresis of cloves - A fungal disease affecting the vascular system of the clove. Infection occurs through damaged roots. The plant fades, turns yellow, starting from the bottom, and dries out. Individual leaves have a reddish color. At the cut of the stem visible damaged brown vessels. Sick plants burn, in their place the carnation is not planted for several years.

Gallic nematode

It is the most dangerous pest for Turkish carnation bushes, as it can sit for years in the soil, waiting for a treat. The gall nematode develops in the root system and provokes its rotting. The first signs of the disease are expressed by the suspension in the development of the flower, its lifelessness, yellowing foliage. At first glance, it may seem that the clove lacks mineral fertilizers. But the cause of the disease in the withering away of the roots. Digging them, you will see numerous galls.

Save the plant is no longer possible. It needs to be burned. And the soil should be disinfected 4 times with the Aktara, Rogora solution. If you do not want to use chemicals, you can do the procedure with boiling water, and you need to repeat until the earth warms up to 50 degrees. Then the affected area is covered with a film and left for some time to save heat. If the desired effect is not, the use of nematocides cannot be avoided. As a preventive measure to combat this pest of carnations in the spring, the site should be sown several times with watercress, repeating the procedure until the cold weather. The pest does not tolerate this culture.

Caterpillars scoop

During the formation of buds, the plant can obese caterpillar scoop. Insidious pest appears only in the evening, devouring the leaves and not yet ripe petals. If you manage to see the voracious parasites, immediately collect them. Otherwise, noticing the eaten stalks of the flower, treat it with biological insecticides. Carnations destroy numerous caterpillars on the leaves: “Iskra”, “Aktellik”, “Zolon”, “Arrivo”, “Fitoverm”, “Bi-58”, “Inta-Vir”.

Gorchakovy elephant

These pests harm all parts of the clove. They look like small bugs up to 5 mm long, with a yellow-brown back and striped, black and white wing liners. They hibernate under the cover of foliage in the top layer of soil, and with the onset of heat they creep out and begin to nibble intensively on the stems, leaving behind them unaesthetic holes. The females bear the greatest threat to the flower They lay eggs in the leaf fibers of which the larvae appear over time. Small worms feed on the flesh of the foliage, without affecting the hard veins.

Breeding beetles on a carnation can be mechanically removed by removing the damaged stems of the crop. From the soil of parasites expel deep digging. In extreme cases, with the abundant reproduction of a bitter elephant, the plant is sprayed with a 10% solution of Karbofos at the rate of 75 g of the preparation per 10 liters of water.

Leaf miner

Outside of these parasites do not see. Their turbulent livelihoods occur inside the sprouts and after a while reflect on the condition of the bush. Take a closer look at the stems and leaves. An unmistakable sign of malicious insects on a carnation is gnawed turns. In them you can see only grown mole. Leaf miner is a small fly up to 3 mm long with a brown back and wings. It can be of different shapes and different shades of brown. Penetrating into the plant, the larvae in a few days turn the foliage into a sieve, devouring its fiber to maintain vitality. After two weeks, an adult mole grows from them.

Even other insects can carry parasites from diseased plants to healthy ones. If you notice that the flying butterfly has left a small bubble on the leafs of the carnation - this is exactly what you need to fear. Soon the miner will make itself felt: at first there are stab marks that the female leaves when laying eggs, then the rapid drying of the flower begins.

To counter the further development of the disease, immediately remove the affected stems and bury them to great depths. Some flower growers hang yellow planks near the plants, which attract the mole. If the butterflies are in large quantities, try to wash them off with a stream of water. Still, the greater effect will be from the treatment of plants with preparations containing feverfew. Also in the fight with leaf miner help: "Damilin", "Aktellik", "Detsis", "Karbofos", "Kinmiks."

If you are not a supporter of chemistry, try paraffin casting process to block the parasites air access. Get ready for a long process of treatment, because insects are very resistant, and to bring them out is not so easy. Regardless of the method of treatment, it is recommended to repeat the procedure daily up to 5 times a day. Unfortunately, the carnation is completely defenseless, no prophylaxis will save it from the pests of the mineral and will not prevent it from laying eggs where it pleases.

Spider mite

The tiny size of this pest is radically opposed to the loss that a tick brings to a plant, drinking from it all the juice. More often, the parasites squat the leaves below, and soon small spots appear on top of them. After a while they increase and are striking with their lifelessness. If you look closely, in the small web through a magnifying glass you can see the tiny master. Its size is up to 0.5 mm. But do not strain your eyes to see a spider mite on a carnation.

His presence can be guessed by the following features:

  • yellow spots appear,
  • bronze, silver stripes on the backlit sheet,
  • holes in the foliage (rarely),
  • Carnation leaves began to deform, in advanced cases they may fall off.

The reason for the development of spider mites on plants are high temperatures and dry air. At the first stages of infection, the plant can be treated with a solution of soap. In more difficult situations, the drugs Akarin, Lightning, Vertimek, Fitoverm will come to the rescue. In the future, in order to avoid contamination, bathe the pink from the hose regularly. For small areas sown with cloves, you can independently prepare acaricidal tea. To this end, mix 1 tablespoon of cinnamon powder and ground cloves, add 2 tablespoons of Italian spices and pour in a liter of boiling water. When the prepared liquid is thoroughly infused, water the plants with it.

When mice get turned up on the plot, not only the carnation on the flowerbed suffers from them, but everything that gets into the teeth of shaggy rodents. The fact is that they constantly grow incisors, and the need to grind them is always relevant. Moreover, the mice are almost all in the teeth. In the flowerbeds and in the garden, hungry animals gnaw on the roots, after which the plant, of course, dies. If the domestic cat is completely splintered or not at all, you can scare away the mice with the help of natural repellents. These are the essential oils that are used for treating cotton balls and laid out under the leaves at the level of the roots. Rodents smell mint, so you can treat the plant with a spray of your own production: dilute 1 teaspoon of mint oil in 3 cups of warm water.

Another way to fight rodents is to use ultrasonic devices that emit sound signals that are not noticeable to people. Their disadvantage is the impact not only on mice, but also on dogs, cats and other domestic animals. If animal disturbance annoys you, set up an ordinary mousetrap. And for calm and complete safety, protect your yard from rats and mice with toxic chemicals.

Where the humidity hardly rises, these nasty gastropods are right there. They are appetizing devouring young stems and leaves, causing irreparable damage to the plant. It is necessary to fight with them immediately, as soon as you notice their presence. Otherwise, during the season, slugs will build up so much that it will be simply impossible to get rid of them. Some growers resort to using kitchen spices, claiming that the pest is afraid of the smell of parsley, rosemary, cilantro, allspice. As an alternative, you can put beer traps - slugs slip on the smell and drowned in it.

Considering the fact that many harmful insects adapt and survive even after agrochemical treatment, we turned to experienced summer residents for advice. As the most effective way, we were offered treatment with toxic chemicals, emphasizing that when choosing, we must make sure that it is safe for the soil and the environment. According to experts, from a variety of drugs for pests of carnations, the impeccable reputation of Ferramol, Broza, Snacola, Slyneeda.

It would be nice to stop watering for a while and allow the soil to dry out, and it is also effective to feed with substances that the mollusks do not tolerate. For example, calcium. Also with the preventive purpose it is possible to protect plants with a scattering of nutshells, decorative pebbles or a 3-5 cm tall flower barrier. Slugs will never climb onto the mulch with sawdust and bark.

Earworm

A brisk insect looks like a long brown beetle with wings. It grows up to 2 cm in length, it can be wingless, at the end of the body has two barbs resembling claws. Earwigs are nocturnal, eat plants. On the carnation, they gnaw at everything, leaving behind huge holes and dead fibers of the plant. Happy love to hide under the foliage and in the stones. Will relieve the culture of the voracious pest insecticides. From folk remedies effective treatment of garlic garlic infusion.

Probably, there is no such plant that these small insects would not feed on. Their size is not more than 14 mm, the color is often found black-gray and brown. Settling in a flower bed, thrips suck the juice from the flowers. Moreover, in the process of vital activity they transmit viruses.

Starting the expulsion of insects from your site, please note: these pests are the most resistant, and it will not be easy to say goodbye to them. There is no time to lose, because with each week their number will double. Having found thrips, inspect the plants growing near the plant, remove the damaged parts from them, as well as the fallen off larvae and dead leaves. Wash the carnations from the hoses and treat with an insecticide: “Fitoverm”, “Vertimek”, “Agravertin”, “Aktara”, “Aktellik”, “Konfidor”.

Before preparing the solution, carefully read the instructions and follow the safety precautions. Spraying carnations from pests is repeated a week later, when the larvae appear from eggs laid in the leaves. In the future, do not let the soil dry out, for these conditions are exactly what trips need.

It can breed on all parts of the plant, but is more common on young leaves and inflorescences, as well as on the inside of the leaf. Insects practically do not move: sit and eat. They suck the juice at the cellular level. With a strong infection, galls may form on the stems. I will help insecticides to save cloves from aphids: “Fitoverm”, “Aktara”, “Aktellik”, “Iskra”, “Karbofos”, “Karate”, “Akarin”. Folk remedies offer many recipes for aphids. One of them: 400 g of green tops of tomatoes are crushed, then pour 1 liter of boiling water and boil for half an hour. Before spraying add 4 g of any soap. For prophylaxis, regularly inspect the flowers, do not allow the appearance of ant hills on the flowerbed.

Spring fly

Carnations are very fond of various flies. They appear in the spring from the pupae hibernating in the soil. The larvae penetrate the leaf structure and feed on the plant. In places where the parasites have formed passages, the death of the tissue begins, even the plant decays. During the season, flies raise up to three generations in a favorite culture. It is possible to get rid of insects mechanically, regularly inspecting and removing damaged plants. If it is too late to carry out such measures, try spraying a clove with a 10% “Malophos” at the rate of 75 g of solution per 10 liters of water, or with a 10% “Triphos” at the rate of 100 g per 10 liters of water. Treatment with the following preparations is also effective: “Muhoed”, “Aktara”, “Karate”, and “Medvetoks”.

Wood ash

Helps from aphids, cruciferous flea beetles and cabbage mites, cabbage flies, codling moth, scoop, slugs and snails


Wood ash

  • Recipe 1 - dry
Powder the plants with dry ash or sprinkle the soil between the rows.

  • Recipe 2 - decoction
300 g of ash pour 3 liters of boiling water, simmer for 20 minutes. Cool, strain, add to 10 liters.

  • Recipe 3 - Infusion
300 g of ash insist in 10 liters of water for two days. Add 40 g of soap for sticking.

Food salt

It will help against Californian shchitovki and apple codling moth, expel ant.


Food salt

  • Recipe
Dissolve 1 kg of table salt in 10 liters of water.

How to use it?

Dust the cabbage over the dew or after the rain. Sprinkle ashes on the soil between the cabbage flies. Spray the infusion or decoction of fruit trees, cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkin

Food salt

It will help against Californian shchitovki and apple codling moth, expel ant.


Food salt

  • Recipe
Dissolve 1 kg of table salt in 10 liters of water.

How to use it?

Spray fruit trees after fall foliage or in spring before bud break.
Approximate consumption rates:

  • on a sapling and a young tree - 2 l of solution
  • per adult fruit tree - up to 10 l
  • on raspberry bush - 200 ml
  • on a bush of blackcurrant and a gooseberry - 1,5 l

Salts are sprinkled from ants on their “walkways” and on the anthill itself.

Tobacco dust

Delivered from aphids, Coppers, thrips, cruciferous flea beetles, peppered moths, sawfly, lydertki, weevil, moths, spider mites and ants.


Tobacco dust. Photo from obi.ru

It disorients pests, drowning and distorting the smell of the “fodder” plant.

  • Recipe 1 - dry
Just powder the green part of a plant with tobacco dust at the rate of 30-50 g per 10 m².

  • Recipe 2 - Infusion
Insist 50 grams of tobacco dust in 1 liter of warm water during the day. Strain, dissolve in half, you can add to sticking soap at the rate of 40 grams per 10 liters of ready-made solution.

  • Recipe 3 - decoction
Add 10 g of tobacco dust to 10 liters of water, boil for 0.5 hours, leave for 24 hours. Strain, dilute with water three times, add 40g household soap.

  • Recipe 4 - fumigation
Place a container with burning coals under a tree on a cloth or film, cover up to 0.5-0.6 kg of tobacco dust on the coal. (As an option: sprinkle straw under the tree with tobacco dust and set it on fire)

Mustard powder

It will help from aphids, ticks, mednits, frogs, wireworm, onion, carrot and cabbage flies and bare slugs


Mustard powder. Photos from gekomarket.com

  • Recipe 1 - Infusion
10 g of mustard powder insist in 1 liter of water for two days. Dilute 1: 5

  • Recipe 2 - Infusion
3 tbsp. spoon powder pour 1 liter of boiling water, grind, insist for three days in a tightly closed container. Filter, dilute with water 1:20, add household soap at the rate of 40 g per 10 l of the prepared solution.

  • Recipe 2 - suspension
In 10 l of warm water stir 5-6 tbsp. spoons of mustard powder

Burdock leaves

Will help get rid of scoops, cabbage moths and moths.


Burdock leaves

  • Recipe
Pour half a bucket of fresh chopped burdock leaves with water and infuse for up to 3 days.

Tomato plant

It will help get rid of firestuff from currant bushes and gooseberries.


Tomato plant

  • Recipe
3-4 kg of tomato tops (stepsons) boil for 0.5 hours in 10 liters of water. The resulting broth is diluted in a ratio of 1: 5, for sticking add 40 g of soap for every 10 liters of the finished solution

Pepper bitter hot

Rid the plot of aphids and thrips, open-living small caterpillars, larvae of beetles, medianits and slugs.


Pepper bitter hot

  • Recipe 1 - Infusion
1 kg of crushed fresh pods insist in 10 liters of water for 10 days (in an enamel bowl). The resulting infusion is used in a ratio of 100 g per 10 liters of water in the prepared solution. Add 40 g of soap.

  • Recipe 2 - decoction
100 g dry pods cook in 1 liter of water for 2 hours under the lid. Dilute to 10 liters of solution.

  • Recipe 3 - decoction
Boil 100 g of freshly ground pods in 1 liter of water for 1 hour over low heat. Insist two days in a glass container. For spraying 50 g of infused broth is diluted in 10 liters of water.

Scattering pepper on the soil between the rows of redis and cabbage, scare away the flakes and cabbage flies.

Helps against aphids, spider mites, raspberry flies


Garlic

  • Recipe 1
Pound garlic diluted with water in the ratio 1: 1 and insist 8 days under the lid. For spraying, add 20-25 g of the obtained infusion to 10 liters of water.

  • Recipe 2
100 g minced garlic insist in 10 liters of water a day. Strain.

Onion and Onion Husk

Get rid of the brawl, aphids and spider mites, scare away ants.


Onion and Onion Husk

  • Recipe 1
250 - 300 g of chopped onion, along with the husk insist 1-2 days in 10 liters of water. Apply immediately after straining.

  • Recipe 2
150 - 200 g of onion peel insist in 10 liters of water to 5 days. Apply immediately after straining.

For deliverance from spider mite recipes "individual":

  • Recipe 1
200 g of onion peel insist day in 10 liters of warm water.

  • Recipe 2
Fill half of the bucket with onion peel and pour water to the top to + 65 ° C. Insist day, dilute twice. Use the solution immediately after straining.

Об избавлении от паутинного клеща народными методами в следующем видео рассказывает профессиональный садовод Анна Ростиславовна.

Лук, высаженный рядом с капустой и огурцами, предохранит последние от слизней.
Есть данные, что лукового запаха не любят трипсы, плодожорки и растительные клопы.

Методов борьбы с насекомыми-вредителями достаточно много. The main thing is that everything that we use to get rid of our plots from those who spoil and destroy the crop, does not harm nature and ourselves. Because the principle of "do no harm" and today remains the most relevant in land use.

If you keep interesting and safe pest control recipes in your secret summer chests, we will be happy to announce them. The point is common))

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