Motoblock - universal equipment with which you can plow the land, plant roots, spud potatoes and harvest. Such country equipment is not particularly expensive today, which determines its extraordinary popularity. Most often tillers are used for plowing the land for planting potatoes. Nothing particularly difficult technique of loosening the soil with the help of motoblock is not. However, to know some features of this operation is still necessary.
Installation of wheels
So, let's see how to plow the ground correctly with a walk-behind tractor. Before the operation, the equipment, of course, needs to be prepared. The wheels are hung on the walker tractor, then the plow is mounted. As for the first, their diameter should be at least 50-60 cm, and width - 18-20 cm. Otherwise, high-quality plowing will not work. If the wheels are too narrow, the walk-behind tractor will start to wind from side to side. With their small diameter, it will be impossible to provide a sufficient distance between the soil surface and the gearbox.
When choosing wheels for motoblock should pay attention to the rim. It is desirable that it was not continuous. Otherwise, the ground will be packed between the rib grousers.
This operation is quite complicated - it is best done with an assistant. To hang a plow, the walker is slightly raised above the ground. To do this, it is driven to some stands with a height of at least 15 cm. It is from this procedure that the preparation for the operation of small-scale equipment for plowing any brand should begin. Including such popular, as, for example, the Neva walk-behind tractor. How to plow the land with the use of technology of this brand will be discussed a little lower.
The hitch is done according to the instructions of the manufacturers of the motor-block and the plow. When performing this operation, you need to ensure that the edge of the plowshare touches the ground with the entire surface. The plow stand should be strictly vertical and the ridge horizontally.
Of course, the equipment is set up and gauge. For this you need to pay attention to how the plowshare is located. Its right edge should be in line with the inner edge of the right wheel. In this case, the plow will cut the ground smoothly and easily to fall off. The walker itself will go easier.
About how to plow the ground tiller, let's talk a little lower. To begin with, let's find out what other preparatory activities, besides hanging the wheels and the plow, need to be made.
Before embarking on the operation of loosening the soil, it is worthwhile to pull an approximate cord along the first row of the plot. Experienced Pahari may well skip this step. Beginners also need to perform this operation. The fact is that in the process of plowing, any plow slightly leads to the right. And therefore it is very difficult to make a row perfectly smooth. The cord will help not deviate from the "course".
Starting from the second one, all rows can be made without using additional guides, since the wheel of the motor-block will go along the furrow.
How to plow?
So, the tiller prepared. Now you can proceed to the actual procedure of loosening the soil on the site. To do less turns, plow the ground with a walk-behind tractor along the long side of the plot.
The handle of the motoblock should be slightly turned to the left at the base. In this case, it will be possible to walk along the not yet plowed strip, which, of course, is much more convenient.
Well, now let's look at how to plow the ground tiller correctly. This procedure is performed as follows:
- Motoblock set at the beginning of the strip and go along the tensioned cord.
- After the row is completed, they are turned in such a way that the right wheel of the motoblock is opposite the furrow of the already plowed strip.
Plowing is necessary without haste. Push the tiller should not be. If the engine overheats (and this happens quite often), the work must be stopped for about half an hour.
What to do if the ground is too hard
Next, let's see how to plow the ground on problem plots on a plow. Normal soil has such looseness that it can be easily pierced with a metal bar to the depth of a spade bayonet. On too hard ground, the motoblock usually begins to slip when plowing. In this case, the operation is performed twice. For the first time the plot is held at a shallow depth. In the second - to the fullest. Some of the "dead" areas and does have to plow through a few tricks. But this happens, of course, extremely rarely.
Very hard soil should be plowed wet. Then the plow will go much easier.
What you need to know
When plowing the first row, the plow goes vertically. However, starting from the second, since one of the wheels is rolling along the furrow, the walker, and hence the plowshare, bend slightly. Therefore, the plow must be slightly shifted vertically in the opposite direction.
To do this, loosen the nuts in one of the adjustment grooves. After the plow is set to the desired position, they are again tightened.
How to plow the Neva motor-block with a plow
Garden equipment of this brand from summer residents, due to its practicality, ease of use and low cost, is very much in demand.
The power of the Neva tillers is enough for the hardest soil and even virgin soil. In the latter case, not a plow is used, but special cutters. Grass before plowing on virgin soil should be mowed. You can remove it using the motoblock itself (if you have the appropriate attachments).
Actually, the answer to the question of how to plow the Neva with the plow on the ground is uncomplicated. Of course, in the same way as with the use of any other similar technology. The only experienced gardeners recommend that before plowing, change the oil in the engine block of this brand. Even if it is still new.
How else can a walker be used
Thus, you now know how to plow the Neva motor-block and other similar equipment on the land. But, of course, if desired, this technique can be used to perform many other operations. For example, very often motorblocks are used for hilling potatoes. In this case, other attachments are used instead of the plow. This tool is called Hiller. When working, he cuts and rolls off the ground in about the same way as a plow, but to a lesser depth. Hillers are only two types: regular and disk. The second option is more expensive, but in the work it is much more convenient.
Sometimes gardeners use the walker and for harvesting. In this case, a special tool is hung on it, which is a hybrid of weeding paws and a trellis. When the motoblock is working, it raises the ground upwards, after which it is poured back through the grate, leaving the root crops on the surface.
Thus, we have figured out how to plow the ground with a walk-behind tractor. This procedure, as you can see, is quite simple. In any case, it is less time consuming than when using shovels for this purpose. The most important thing is to choose the right wheels and hang the plow in accordance with all the recommendations above.
It is possible to plow a vegetable garden only by using the lugs. Because the load on the walker when plowing the land increases several times. Using the lugs, this task can be facilitated. For this you need:
- remove the hubs and transport wheels on the motoblock,
- install on the axle drive hub intended for grouser. Such hubs are longer, therefore the track width will increase and the tiller will become more stable when plowing. Connect the hubs with the shaft studs and secure with cotter pins,
- Install the lugs on the hubs. It should be noted that the tread should taper forward.
The size of the lug wheels is important, because with a small diameter there will be no necessary clearance between the gearbox and the ground, and with narrow wheels, the tiller will “drive” along the furrow. The optimal size of the lug wheels: diameter - 50-60 cm, the width of the rim - up to 20 cm. The weight of the motoblock with wheels is desirable more than 70 kg. With less weight, the walker will slip.
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The main components for plowing the land is a plow and a hitch. They should be collected in one mechanism. After that, install on walk-behind tractor. There are couplers of various modifications, however, it is better to use the universal one, this will ensure reliable fixation of the plow to the trailer hitch and will allow you to perform precise adjustment of the plow. When connecting the plow to the coupling device, the fastening nuts should not be immediately tightened so that the plow can be adjusted. Coupling with a plow and fixing earrings motoblock connect the two pins.
This is followed by a more labor-intensive stage - adjustment of the plow.
- First of all, the motorblock should be installed on stands, the height of which depends on the desired depth of plowing. Stands with a height of 15 cm are needed for a plowing depth of 15-18 cm, and for 20-23 cm - the height of the stand should be 20 cm. We place stands on a flat surface, on them - a walk-behind tractor. At the same time, the plow is mounted so that it touches the ground with a field board along its entire length. Make sure that the stand of the plow is perpendicular to the ground and parallel to the inner end of the lug.
- Next, you need to adjust the angle of the heel of the plow, or field boards. The distance between the plowshare (nose of the plow) and the heel of the plow should not be more than 3 cm (the size of a matchbox). With an unregulated field plank, the plowing will deteriorate, the plow will dig deep into the soil, which will lead to overheating and stopping the engine.
- In order to adjust the equipment to the width of the track, it should be noted how the nose (plowshare) of the plow is located. The right edge of the plowshare and the inner edge of the right wheel should be on the same line. The earth will be pruned smoothly and work will be easier.
Plow device for motoblock
After assembly and adjustment, you should check the correctness of the work done by making a control plowing. Between the ridges of the previous and the next furrow, the distance should be no more than 10 cm. There should also be no pile of soil from one furrow to another. To do this, the right wheel of the motoblock should move in the middle of the blade of the previous furrow. Properly adjusted walk-in tractor works smoothly, the plow does not dig deep into the ground with the plowshare.
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2 Plowing plot by walk-behind tractor
There are two ways of plowing a vegetable garden.
- Plowing vvval. Start working from the center of the site. On the opposite side of the tiller unfolding, put the right wheel into the furrow and go back. This results in a large comb. So move on, plowing the whole garden. The advantages of this method are that if there is some more snow in the garden, it falls into the furrows and does not melt any longer, filling the ground with moisture.
- Plowing has broken. They start moving from the right edge of the plot. At the end of the row the apparatus is distilled to the other end and plowed again. And so they continue the whole plowing, row by row. With this method, the plow turns the soil over and pours fertilizer on it.
In the spring, it is recommended to cultivate the garden with cutters, chopping large pieces of land and manure, which in turn will increase the yield.
Motoblock Mole is very popular among summer residents and gardeners, because it greatly facilitates the work. Its device is simple, and the quality of tillage when using it increases significantly. However, for this result, it is important to learn how to properly use the equipment in your area.
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2.1 Starting tiller
Before starting work, they turn on the clutch, choosing “neutral” on the gearbox, start the engine, which should warm up. The optimal speed for tillage of average quality is second.
In the process of plowing the speed may vary. It is adjusted when the plowing depth changes or when changing to a different type of soil.
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How to plow? To perform the main work, install the equipment on the edges of the field. Steering wheel parallel to the ground.
Motoblok deepen a little in the ground by pressing down. Move straight, holding the handles. Do not press hard on the steering wheel, as well as push a working walk-behind tractor. The main task is to hold the steering wheel correctly so that the machine does not sink deep into the ground or, on the contrary, does not rise up. Having made the first furrow, check its depth from the bottom to the ridge, which should vary from 15 to 18 cm.
If the device has stopped moving, and the cutters burrow into the ground, then it should be, taking the handles, bring to a level position. Deviations in the sides may occur, especially on procultivated furrows. On loose, cultivated ground, they make sure that the cutters do not sink deeply, and on solid soil make several approaches, making the first treatment at low speed.
At the end of the row they turn around and continue plowing, or move from the edge to the center. At the end of the work, the mechanism is cleaned, the plow is detached from the motoblock and removed until the next time.
What is the difference between a motor cultivator and a motor cultivator?
Ensuring a high level of yield largely depends on the quality of the work on plowing the land. In previous times, this procedure was extremely time consuming and took more than one week. Now the work of business executives has become much simpler, since with the help of a motor-block or a motor-cultivator it is possible to plow a plot of vast area in just a few hours. Working with this technique has its own rules and features.
Plowing by a motor-cultivator of a site of the extensive area
Many novice farmers are wondering, what is the difference between the motor-block and the motor-cultivator? According to knowledgeable people, there are no fundamental differences between these two agricultural machines. However, some features can be identified. The cultivator is a mechanism for cultivating the land for subsequent sowing, improving the soil structure and ensuring the optimum level of soil mixing with the fertilizers introduced into it. Motorblocks in addition to soil treatment can perform a number of additional work on grass mowing, planting, hilling the garden, harvesting or cleaning the area from dried foliage.
Thus, the tiller is characterized by a wider functionality in comparison with the tiller, and it has more power, which is important when developing virgin soil, for example. But the weight of the cultivator is much less than that of the motoblock, and working with this type of equipment is much easier and requires less physical effort. Even this device is much cheaper. Therefore, if we are talking about conducting exclusively arable work on a site of a relatively small area, then many business executives, choosing between two types of equipment, prefer the motor-cultivator.
Motoblock should be selected depending on the size of the site. They are divided into three types:
- Motor-cultivator or easy motor-block. It weighs up to 50 kg. Power - 3-5 horsepower. Designed for tillage up to 6 acres using a milling cutter or cultivator.
- Medium tiller. Weight - up to 100 kg. Power - up to 12 horsepower. Plowing the land to 120 acres with a light plow.
- Heavy walker. Power - up to 30 horsepower. With it, you can handle an area of up to 2 hectares. Works with mounted plow.
The most important work of the gardener in the spring or autumn is plowing the backyard plot. Many in the household already have their own walk-behind tractor for this purpose, which makes work much easier. Beginners may have difficulty working with this technique. How to plow a walker, how to adjust the plow to gently and correctly plow the garden. Answers to these questions will allow to carry out the required work.