Growing broilers is a complex process that requires special training for the poultry farmer, as they need special attention. Immunity in these chickens is very weak, so any disease can quickly spread among the entire population and cause a massive loss of birds. Broilers are more likely to suffer from diarrhea. Such a symptom should not be ignored, it should determine the cause of diarrhea and prescribe an effective treatment.
Before the arrival of the veterinarian, the chickens must be helped to avoid dehydration. But even after such treatment, a full examination is necessary to identify the causes of diarrhea.
- 1 tablet of chloramphenicol per 100 ml of water several times a day will help the broilers who have recited them to use poor quality food.
- Cure intestinal disorder will help Biseptol. For treatment, it is necessary to give the broiler 30-40 mg of the drug twice a day. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.
- Tetracycline is used at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 liter of water. Each chicken should be given 3 drops 3 times a day for 4 to 5 days.
Fecal masses of a liquid consistency with a shade of white and sometimes foamy structure are none other than salmonella. This is an infectious disease that spreads very quickly among livestock. The bird can become infected directly from the diseased individual, as well as through the household route - through a common feeding bowl, equipment, etc. To prevent this from happening, the sick chicken must be removed from the main herd. The danger of salmonellosis lies not only in the possible case of birds, but also in the fact that the disease is infectious for humans.
In addition to diarrhea, salmonellosis is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Chicks behave inhibited, refuse to move,
- There is a clear developmental delay, which is especially clearly seen in the first weeks of young animals,
- Breathing problems - it becomes frequent, difficult, through the beak, you can notice snoring.
Salmonellosis treatment is a long and tedious process that can last from two weeks to a month, so in conditions of industrial production, sick birds are often rejected. In the household, some poultry farmers prefer to treat chicken. To help in this can sulfa drugs.
Along with the treatment with sulfonamides, an unscheduled cleaning of the hen house should be carried out, the feeders and feeders should be washed and sanitized, and the condition of the main herd should be monitored so that sick birds can be deposited in time if necessary.
Frequent liquid stools of brown or yellow color in chickens do not always indicate a serious illness - sometimes it is an indicator of poor quality food. But if you are sure that broilers do not diarrhea because of food, then you need to understand that there is a likelihood of coccidiosis in the birds. The exacerbation of this disease occurs in the spring and autumn periods. Birds are infected from each other in a household way - from a common drinking bowl, feeding troughs, etc. In order to exclude the spread of the disease among the whole livestock, a sick broiler is deposited, and also an unscheduled cleaning of the chicken coop is carried out.
Coccidiosis is a complex disease that requires complex treatment. There are special medicines that help suppress the vital activity of the pathogen, however, before using them, you should wait for a professional diagnosis carried out by a veterinarian.
The disease is accompanied not only by diarrhea, but also by a number of other symptoms, among which are pronounced:
- Lack of activity
- Lack of appetite,
- Constant thirst
- Blanching scallops and beards,
- The presence of diarrhea mucous and bloody veins.
Infection with worms is a common cause of diarrhea in broilers. Other pets can become infected with worms. In some cases, parasites can be clearly seen in the fecal masses, and then there is no doubt - the earliest anthelmintic treatment will help restore the health of the chickens.
As a preventive measure, it is best to give anthelminthic drugs to the entire population as recommended by the veterinarian. You should also prevent all pets with which broilers can come into contact. Timely prevention of worms will help eliminate helminthiasis from a possible list of diseases in the event of diarrhea in chicken.
The disease, accompanied by white diarrhea, can be found in young and adult birds. The danger of pullorosis for chickens lies in the fact that in the absence of timely effective treatment, the disease becomes chronic.
The treatment of pullorosis is carried out with the help of such drugs as neomycin and biomitsin. The dosage should be accurately calculated based on the recommendations of the veterinarian, otherwise you can cause broilers more harm than good. The effectiveness of the applied treatment depends on the speed of diagnosis and the start of medication.
Important!Veterinarians recommend in the treatment of pullorosis to pay special attention to personal hygiene, as the disease is dangerous to humans.
Pastererelosis, or bird cholera, is a terrible disease that can cause the death of all broilers. Pastererelosis spreads quickly and is practically not treatable. Diarrhea in chickens with the onset of the disease most often green.
In the conditions of industrial production, the bird, sick pastererelezom, rejected. Veterinarians are advised to also treat chickens bred in the household.
Like humans, chickens can suffer from many intestinal diseases. From the wrong diet can develop in birds a disease that by all signs resembles human gastritis. Accompanied by exacerbation of diarrhea, colic and pain.
In most situations, everything is solved quickly and without consequences, if you quickly take action.
- It is necessary to tidy up the diet of chickens and diet.
- Provide broilers with warm and dry bedding.
- Give Loperamide for a couple of days in a child's dosage.
Natural causes of diarrhea in broilers in the household - spring vitamin deficiency, as well as summer overeating greens. If the broiler diet lacks vitamins and minerals, then diarrhea will not take long. Help in this case can preventive measures, as well as high-quality food.
The presence of undigested greens in the liquid stool of a chicken in the summer time speaks of the banal over-eating of herbs. Restrict broiler free range until diarrhea stops and normal intestinal microflora is restored.
Symptoms and causes of diarrhea
Broiler diarrhea is equally common in young and adult birds. When this symptom occurs, the intestinal mucous membranes are irritated, causing discomfort and loss of appetite. If the chickens continue to be fed as before, the feed will be poorly digested, the birds will start to suffer from a lack of vitamins and minerals, which will immediately affect the condition of the chickens. Diarrhea in chickens is more dangerous than in adult birds.
Negative processes in the body of a broiler caused by diarrhea are the cause of a number of associated symptoms. The main of them include:
- Lack of activity
- Partial or complete loss of appetite
- Problems with coordination in space,
- Leg swelling,
- Increased body temperature.
The main symptom is liquid feces, which can be represented by masses of white, green, black, and also contain bloody impurities.
Depending on the color of feces, it is easy to determine the possible cause of the symptom. The main factors causing the appearance of diarrhea:
- Chicken infection,
- Poor quality feed.
Attention!To establish what exactly was the cause of diarrhea in broilers, can only an experienced veterinarian, after conducting a laboratory study of feces. Therefore, to conduct a full self-treatment of the disease at home is not recommended. But before professional diagnostics, you should help the birds and begin therapy based on the findings of the color and consistency of feces.
If a sick bird is found in the livestock, then, regardless of the symptoms of the disease and whether it is a broiler or a hen, the following preventive measures should be taken:
- Sow a sick hen from the entire population in such a way as to exclude any contact of birds,
- Clean the chicken coop, sterilize the feeders and drinkers,
- Carry chickens to identify weakened broilers - sow the found ones.
If the birds are already sick and the diagnosis takes time, then there are several ways to alleviate the condition of the broilers. The following tips will help to seal the chair, as well as serve as an excellent tool in the treatment of disease:
- Adding activated carbon to the feeders. It will help to cope with diarrhea, as well as eliminate possible intoxication.
- Add a weak solution of potassium permanganate to help the stomach in the drinkers.
- Water chickens should be more than usual to eliminate dehydration.
- Increase the calcium component of the daily diet of birds.
- Add to the daily diet probiotics aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora.
- Turn the hard boiled rice into the mash - it will also help to fasten the chair.
When the veterinarian diagnoses and establishes the disease that affected the broilers, an important decision should be made - to treat the hen or discard it. Experienced poultry farmers recommend starting a comprehensive treatment of only those diseases that do not pose a danger to humans.
Otherwise, the birds are destroyed and the carcass is burned to prevent the spread of infection. In addition, it must be borne in mind that if an antibiotic was used in the treatment of diarrhea, then food from such birds cannot be eaten for at least a week after the end of the medication.
Broiler chickens should be treated by a veterinarian, given the underlying cause of this condition. If an infection is suspected, the first thing to do is to isolate sick, exhausted, weakened individuals as soon as possible. In addition, you need to carry out a complete disinfection in the chicken coop, clean the drinkers, feeders.
If diarrhea in broiler chickens is triggered by an unbalanced diet, review the quality of the feed given. The bird must always have access to fresh, clean drinking water. In the feeders for normal digestion in sufficient quantities should be gravel, chalk, straw.
If diarrhea in chickens is caused by insufficient intake of vitamins, macronutrients, it is necessary to introduce special fortified foods into the diet.
Before a complete litter analysis, in order to alleviate the condition of the broilers, weekly chicks can be given activated carbon, absorbents. In the water for drinking, add a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.
If diarrhea in chickens is not associated with an infection, probiotics and enzyme preparations are prescribed to the bird. To normalize the intestinal microflora, you can give fermented milk products, make a cool rice decoction. Water is replaced by a solution of potassium permanganate. You can drink the chicks with warm water with the addition of chamomile decoction. Chickens for diarrhea should be treated immediately after the deterioration of the condition, with the first symptoms.
To prevent viral diseases enter in the diet of mineral and vitamin supplements, bait. To eliminate the risk of infection by endoparasites, conduct prophylactic deworming regularly at least once a month.
Chickens for diarrhea are treated comprehensively. If broilers are infected, they are prescribed sulfanilamide preparations, complex antibiotics (chloramphenicol, polymexin, biseptol, tetracycline).
An excellent effect in intestinal infections is noted after treatment with chloramphenicol. One tablet is diluted in 100 grams of water. Give such a solution for treatment should be several times a day. The bird is watered in small portions 3-4 times a day. In intestinal disorders, diarrhea, treatment of young and adult broilers is performed by Biseptolum, Flosan.
If a bird has brown diarrhea, probiotics and enzymes are given to normalize digestive processes. It is necessary to drink a bird with medicinal composition from 5 to 8 days. Tablets must be crushed to powder. The drug is added to drinking water, mixed with animal feed. If medications are added to food, make sure that the sick chicken ate the healing delicacy.
Broilers should be prescribed drugs that are directed to a specific type of pathogen.