Amazing geranium plants, in which inflorescences appear instead of lush umbrellas, more like elegant bouquets of tiny half-open tulips, were first presented to culture fans in 1966.
50 years of history of tulip geranium
This happened in the United States in the nursery of the family of Andrea, where tulip-shaped geranium, named after the shape of unusual flowers, was bred.
The first ever geranium variety with flowers that remain half-open throughout the entire period of flowering was named Patricia Andrea. American breeders Robert and Ralph Andrea were so keen on getting exactly tulip geraniums that over the years they managed to get some more spectacular varieties. Some of them were named, like the first grade, in honor of women close to breeders.
European flower growers met with such as in the photo tulip-like geraniums, only 20 years after the appearance of the first plants. In this case, the flowers have caused not only genuine interest, but also a lot of controversy.
It is believed that tulip geraniums are difficult to select, and this is due to the structure of the flower and the low availability of stamens and pistils. Therefore, over half a century, no more than two dozen varieties and hybrids of these amazing plants have appeared in the world.
However, among specialists there is another explanation for the nature of the extraordinary shape of flowers. Perhaps this variety of geranium was not artificially bred, but was the result of a natural spontaneous mutation of some varieties of zonal geranium with simple flat halos. Even suspected ancestors of tulip-shaped varieties - ancient large-flowered geraniums, obtained in France at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries, were called skeptics of the success of the family nursery of Andrea.
All currently existing varieties of geraniums with flowers in the form of miniature tulips are the subject of dreams of amateur flower growers who are not indifferent to flowering ornamental crops.
In this case, the plants are seriously different from each other. In the subgroup there are as tall specimens, the height of shoots of which reaches 70–80 cm, but there are among these tulip-like geraniums there are real dwarf hybrids and varieties. See also beautiful flower oleander photo!
Plants differ in growth rate, color, shape and even the number of petals in the corolla. On average, each flower contains from 6 to 9 petals, which can be even or have curly jagged edges. The inside of the centimeter corolla is always colored more brightly than the one that faces outward. Lush bouquets, inflorescences of tulip-like geraniums, as in the photo, consist of 20-40 flowers.
Photos of tulip geraniums amaze with the variety of colors and ornamental plants with bright figure foliage. Every year there are more and more people willing to become owners of such plants.
Features care for tulip geraniums
In the care of tulip geraniums are almost as picky as their relatives with ordinary flowers. With due attention, they willingly bloom, grow and multiply. For planting ornamental plants, you can use both a ready-made universal mixture and prepare the substrate yourself, mixing garden soil, peat and a small amount of sand in equal proportions to give the soil looseness.
Geraniums are afraid of overmoistening the soil and stagnation of moisture in it, so a powerful drainage layer is poured at the bottom of the pot.
Planted plants year-round should not be lacking in sunlight. Best of all tulip-like geraniums feel in bright but diffused light. If you take care of the illumination of the bushes, the inflorescences may appear in the winter. In shaded places, shoots of tulip geranium weaken and stretch. Foliage with a deficit of the sun becomes pale, part of the buds can not be formed and open.
In the room geraniums do not require special conditions of detention. The main thing is that in summer time the air should be warm to 20–26 ° C, and the atmosphere would be 5–7 ° C cooler. Plants do not tolerate drafts, from which it is better to protect tulip-like geraniums. Dry hot air from radiators is not good for flowering.
In the warm season, when the need for moisture is high, tulip-like geraniums are watered every other day, ensuring that water does not stagnate. In winter, watering is carried out much less frequently, but in no case can one dry the earthen clod under a flower.
Fertilizing is carried out from spring to autumn, using liquid complex means with a low nitrogen content, otherwise the plant will give a lot of foliage, but geranium will not bloom with splendor
Like other varieties of flowering geraniums, tulip varieties need pruning and pinching. These operations are designed to:
- improve the shape of the bush
- cause branching of shoots
- cause the flower to form more flower buds.
As a result, the plant looks more decorative and attractive, and blooms much more luxuriously than before the pruning included in the systematic care of tulip-like geraniums.
In addition to pinching the tips of the shoots, it is necessary to remove the flowering inflorescences and prune the overgrown, infinitely extending adult shoots.
Cut tops - great breeding stock. Since tulip-like geranium seeds, as in the photo, are not always easy to find, and sprouting them for beginning culture lovers can cause problems, grafting has become the most common way to produce new plants.
Cuttings receive in the spring or after the completion of mass flowering - in the fall. Root geranium can be in ordinary water, a light substrate of peat and sand or in a solution of a root stimulator. After the appearance of the first roots, the stalk is planted in the ground and put on a bright window.
The only feature of a tulip-like geranium that a florist may encounter is the appearance of shoots with ordinary flowers. In this case, it is better to cut such a stem under the base. Such surprises are not excluded when growing plants from cuttings. The tendency to spontaneous mutations suggests that the variety is not sufficiently fixed, but this does not detract from the decorative effect and the amazing attractiveness of miniature “tulips”.
Description of the species
The main difference between tulip-shaped geraniums and other species is the unusual structure of flowers. The buds are small, no more than 1 cm. They look like a tulip bud. Form inflorescences of 20-50 flowers. On one stalk only one inflorescence is formed.
Different varieties differ in color, growth rate, leaves and flowers. There may be a different number of petals. Usually in one flower from six to nine. The edges of the petals are smooth or with small curly notches. The outer side of the flower is paler, the inner side is brighter. The colors are dominated by red tones. There are varieties with delicate pink flowers and rich burgundy.
Tulip Geranium Care: What to Consider
How to care for tulip geraniums? The conditions of detention are almost identical to ordinary geraniums. Somewhat different care during the flowering period. The plant is unpretentious and easy to grow.
- Lighting Placed on brightly lit places without direct sun. They don’t put them in the shadow - the plant is stretched, fades, ceases to bloom. For year-round flowering organize illumination fitolampa.
- Temperature . In the summer in the range from 21 ˚С to 26 ˚С. In winter, the temperature is lowered to 14–16 С. There are no leaps in temperature, it starts to hurt.
- Watering Between watering wait surface drying and a half centimeters. Excess moisture leads to rotting of the roots. Peresushka earthy coma also do not allow - lack of water affects the decorative qualities of geranium. In winter, water less frequently than in summer - one watering per week is enough. It is better to use the lower method: water is poured into the pan, after half an hour the excess is drained.
- Air humidity . Full growth is favored by dry air. Spraying is harmful.
- Feeding. Feed tulip geranium can be no more than two times a month. Fertilizer must contain a minimum of nitrogen, an increased concentration of phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen stimulates a set of green mass. With its excess in the soil geranium does not bloom. According to the reviews of experienced flower growers, the flower responds well to natural organic fertilizing - making crushed shells, nettle infusion, and sleeping tea.
- The soil . The optimal composition of the soil is peat and garden soil with the addition of coarse sand. It is allowed to plant in ready store soil mixtures.
- Transplant Transplanted into a larger pot as the roots grow. The need for transplantation is determined by germination of the roots through the drainage holes. Choose a small clay or wooden pot. In plastic it grows poorly. If several geranium bushes are planted in one container at once, the pot is taken free. Caring for a tulip-like geranium after transplantation includes regular watering, keeping it warm with shading from sunlight. Feeding in the first two or three weeks stop.
Pruning tulip geraniums is a must-have procedure to preserve its decorativeness. Timely pruning and pinching stimulate branching, contribute to a more friendly formation of flower buds.
At the very beginning of spring or at the end of the closure, pinch growth points at the level of the sixth leaf. Strongly stretched stems are shortened, the gone inflorescences are cut off. Five to six buds are left on the stem. Cuts powder with coal powder. After pruning, the geranium is fed to make it recover faster.
For cutting use sterile instruments. Scissors or a knife is enough to scald with boiling water and wipe with alcohol. You can pinch only with clean hands - bacteria easily penetrate through sections, the plant starts to hurt. Instead of coal powder for processing slices, you can take the usual brilliant green.
For reproduction of tulip-shaped geraniums, vegetative and seed methods are used. Seeds are sown only store. From the seeds obtained from your plant, ordinary geraniums will grow. Hybrid varieties are characterized by loss of variety characteristics during seed multiplication.
- The division of the bush. When transplanting a geranium bush can be seated. Shared adults, overgrown bushes. The plant is taken out of the pot, freed from the roots, neatly divided into several parts and planted. At the same time carry out pruning to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots.
- Cuttings. It is very easy to propagate tulip-shaped geranium cuttings. When cutting, all features of the mother plant are fully preserved. Reproduction is carried out in spring or autumn. For convenience, combine it with trimming. The lower cut should be straight, cut off a sprig directly below the lower bud. The cuttings are dried for a couple of hours and only then they are planted in the ground. To root tulip geranium, you need to maintain a stable high temperature and good illumination. Until the appearance of the first roots, the cuttings are kept under cover. Roots appear within a month. You can try to propagate the geranium leaf, but this method rarely gives positive results.
- Scions. Scion rooting faster than cuttings. To obtain processes, the formation of roots is stimulated even on the parent plant. Two weeks before grafting, choose a healthy shoot. Annular cuts are made along its entire length under the kidneys. After some time, in the place of the cuts there is an influx with root tubercles. Such cuttings root very quickly.
- Seeds. Seeds germinate quickly - the first entrances appear already on the fifth day. They are sown in February in loose sand-peat mixture with the addition of humus. The seeds are not deeply buried, the soil is sprayed from a spray bottle. Until the emergence of shoots kept under film, in good light. At the stage of formation of three true leaves, the seedlings swoop together with a lump of earth.
Features of the plant and its characteristics
Geranium room or in another way - pelargonium - a representative of the family Gerania. This plant is easy to care for and reproduction. There are several common geranium species:
- fragrant: it does not bloom profusely, but is characterized by a strong odor that comes from the leaves,
- royal: blooms bright, large flowers, but almost no smell,
- zonal: versatile, good in room culture and in flowerbeds,
- Ivy: ampel form, grown in pots,
- unique: a small but old group of flowers, which refers to tall, lignified stems,
- Pelargonium Angel: medium-sized plants resembling pansies with fragrant foliage, growing "under the open sky."
Geranium tulip differs from other members of the family flowers similar to unblown tulip. Small flower, only a centimeter. Separately, it would not look so impressive, but on each stem there is a fluffy inflorescence formed by 30-50 flowers. It is like one luxurious bouquet.
Flowers delicate or rich color: from pink to burgundy. The color of the inner surface of the petal is brighter, and on the outer surface there are visible veins. Leaves are not quite usual, they are hard and shiny. Plant height can vary significantly: from 30 to 70 cm.
The history of the origin of the plant is not quite common. In America, Boston, there is a nursery Andrea. In 1966, it was there that the first tulip variety was bred and presented to the public. According to one version - this is a species mutation. On the other - the result of hybridization (obtained by crossing two different varieties).
The first variety with such flowers received the name Patricia AndreaFor several years, several other varieties have been developed that were named after women of the breeders' families: Patricia, Carmen, Victoria, Lilian and Linea.
How to care for geranium in room culture?
Today, there are many who want to get acquainted with an interesting plant closer. Many are concerned about the question: what conditions require an unusual beauty? And if ordinary geranium is rather unpretentious, then what habitat will suit tulip geranium?
In care, it is as unsubstantiated as ordinary geranium. It grows well, blooms and multiplies. But some conditions of agricultural engineering should still be fulfilled:
The soil. You can purchase a universal mix or make it yourself, using garden soil and peat in equal proportions, adding a little sand for looseness. Good drainage is very important, otherwise the roots may rot.
Shine. Geranium should be in a well-lit room, but loves diffused light. If the sheet is exposed to bright sunlight, it may cause a burn. If you create a winter illumination, the flowers on the plant will be all year round. If you put a pot of culture in the penumbra, it will stretch, turn pale, reduce the flowering period. Part of the buds will not form at all.
Temperature. Pelargoniums do not like sudden temperature changes. In summer you need to support t = + 21- + 26С, in winter t = + 14- + 16С. This is the optimal conditions for flowering. Culture does not tolerate drafts and hot air coming from the heating devices.
Watering. In the summer, watering is carried out at intervals of 4 times a week, in winter it is enough once a week. Although geranium does not like excess moisture, it is also undesirable to dry the earthy coma. If brown spots appeared on the lower leaves, it means that you water your “tulip-like beauty” not enough. Under the pot should be a pan, where they will drain the excess moisture.
Top dressing. It is carried out in the autumn-summer time once or twice a month with liquid fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium. With frequent feedings, especially with nitrogen fertilizers, the green part of the plant will grow well, and flowering will recede into the background.
Breeding. The main method is grafting. Apical cuttings are cut at the end of the summer, put into the water. The root system is developing rapidly, without the participation of growth promoters. Soil mixture is used as for adult culture. After planting, put the pot with the handle on the lighted side. The survival rate is good.
Features geranium tulip, which you need to know
If you do not know the rules of care, the unique variety returns to its original form - common geranium. Flowers open completely, and the flower ceases to be unique. To avoid this, you need to follow a number of rules:
- pinching shoots to give bushiness and pomp,
- removal of dried or withered flowers, where new ones will appear,
- if the flowers begin to unfold, losing the appearance of a tulip, remove them immediately,
- try to keep the plant away from drafts or strong winds (if pelargonium was carried outside in the summer).
The subgroup of tulip geraniums is difficult to hybridize (crossing varieties), so it is not numerous, represented by 14 varieties and hybrids. But they all differ in the fact that half-revealed flowers are collected in an inflorescence-bouquet. Уникальные соцветия и пышное цветение – «фишка» этой культуры.
Познакомимся с сортами необычной красавицы: Happy Birthday, Mrs Charles, Marie-Louisе, Marbacka Tulpan, Viktoria Andrea, Carmen Andrea, Patricia Andrea, Emma fran Bengstbo, Red Pandora, Pink Pandora, Conny, Apple Blossom, Herma, Linnea Andrea.
History of origin
The geranium tulip was bred by American breeders in the private nursery of Andrea (Boston) in 1966. There are several versions of the origin of this plant.
It is believed that a unique flower was born as a result of a species mutation, according to another version it is the result of a systematic and complex work on hybridization. It was developed 5 varieties, named after women from the family of breeders. Subsequently, from these plants a large species diversity of tulip-shaped geranium appeared.
The main difference of a tulip geranium is its flowers. They resemble an unblown tulip, the petals of which do not exceed 1 cm in length. The semi-double flower is formed from 8 thin petals. On one bush can be located up to 50 flowers, which resemble a lush bouquet.
The color is presented from pale pink to bright burgundy, the inner part is colored a little darker. On the outside of the petals there are often dark streaks. The leaves are typical for geraniums, characterized by a characteristic brilliance and texture rigidity. Today, more than 14 varieties of this plant are known, differing in the height of the bush (from 30 to 70 cm) and the color of the petals.
Within the framework of the geranium tulip species there are several varieties - royal, dwarf, tall and others. The hybridization of this species of a flower is complicated by the inaccessibility of the location of the stamens and the pistil, all varieties are displayed in nurseries. The most famous of them are:
- RedPandora. Petals are painted in a coral-red hue. The bush is compact, reaches a height of up to 40 cm. Refers to a variety of early and long flowering,
- LilianAndrea. Dwarf variety of tulip geranium. The buds are painted in a rich crimson color. In this class, the petals are slightly pointed to the top. The leaves have a velvet texture,
- PatriciaAndrea. The buds are represented by a classic tulip shape, painted in a red-carmine color with slight pink splashes,
- Herma. Petals of red-orange color, magnificent inflorescences. The bush is compact, fast growing. Is one of the most decorative varieties,
- EmmafranBengtsbo. Bush compact, requires constant pruning and shaping the crown. Flowers are pale pink in color and oblong,
- MarbackaTulpan. The people call him “the indomitable blonde” because of the specific shape of the inflorescences, painted in a delicate white and pink shade. The flower needs regular pruning.
Planting material and young plants are best purchased only in specialized nurseries. Young plants of this species are similar to peony geraniums, so it is easy to make a mistake during the purchase.
Site selection and conditions of detention
Care for tulip geraniums is largely determined by the nature of the variety. Most of them are heat-loving plants that do not tolerate shade and prolonged drought. Some species require regular pruning and shaping of the bush, as well as preventive transplantation to a new place. Consider the general rules for the care of tulip geraniums.
Lighting and location
Geranium is required to have a well-lit place. Light must be diffused, otherwise there is the likelihood of burns on the leaves. Especially important is the light during the growing season, the quality and duration of lighting directly affects the flowering time. The optimal light day is 14-16 hours.
A pot with a flower is better to put on the windowsill on the south or south-east side of the house. A container with geraniums is recommended to be kept in the middle of the window sill, due to which it is possible to achieve optimal diffused light. In warm regions, it is permissible to plant a plant on a balcony in the absence of low temperatures at night.
The recommended growing temperature of tulip-shaped geraniums in the vegetation stage is 18–24 ° C, and it is advisable to lower it to 14–16 ° C during the rest period. Central heating batteries increase the risk of disease and lead to rapid drying of the soil. In the conditions of a warm summer, geranium can be carried out on a loggia or terrace for the whole daylight hours.
Air and humidity
Geranium does not tolerate drafts, so during the airing of the room flower should be removed from the window sill. Humidity for optimal growth and vegetation should be moderate, it should not be allowed to dry out of the soil and its waterlogging. To maintain soil moisture, it is recommended to add water to the pot tray. Spraying is undesirable, since water droplets can cause stains and deformation on the leaves. Dust from the plant is best gently wipe with a slightly damp cloth.
Soil and pot
Like all other representatives of the geranium, these plants are unpretentious to the quality and composition of the soil. As a substrate, you can use the purchase of land for ornamental plants, or prepare it yourself.
To do this, mix garden soil, peat and river sand in equal proportions, it is additionally recommended to add 50 g of wood ash to the mixture. A prerequisite is good drainage, since stagnant moisture in the pot leads to the development of root rot.
The volume and height of the growing container depends largely on the variety of tulip geranium. For dwarf varieties, you can use a very small pot up to 7-9 cm in height, for tall and medium-sized species, containers up to 6 liters in height and up to 12-15 cm are suitable. .
Competent and timely care of the plant is one of the key points of growing tulip geraniums in indoor conditions. The plant is considered unpretentious, suitable even for beginners. Peculiarities of irrigation, pruning and application of feeding are depending on the vegetation stage, season and flower variety.
Tulip geranium equally poorly tolerates both the stagnation of moisture and the drying out of the soil. During the period of active flowering in the summer it is recommended to water the plant up to 3 per week. Water should be at room temperature, clean and settled. In winter, the irrigation regime is reduced to 1 time per week. The flower is watered strictly under the root, avoiding the ingress of water on the leaf plates and buds.
Determine the need for moisture can be on the condition of the soil and leaves. The lack of moisture leads to drying of the leaves, the appearance of characteristic brown spots. To control the level of humidity should be in advance to lay drainage, put the pan under the pot.
The introduction of dressing for tulip geraniums is especially important during the period of active flowering. In the summer, fertilizers are applied up to 1 time per week, combining the procedure with irrigation. For this purpose, suitable any complex mineral supplement for ornamental plants with a high content of phosphorus and potassium.
In winter, during the dormant period, fertilizers are applied no more than once every 2 weeks. With non-compliance with the regime, as well as with the introduction of nitrogen-containing compounds, the growth of green parts increases, the leaves and shrub begin to actively grow, almost no buds are formed.
Gathering, trimming, trimming
The formation of the bush is carried out only for adult plants. Pruning is desirable to implement in the spring before the growing season of the flower. The procedure is necessary to enhance the decorativeness of the buds, the general rejuvenation of the geranium and to give an aesthetic look to the crown.
To do this, pinch or cut off old and large shoots with a sharp instrument, leaving up to 5 buds on each stem. You also need to remove all the deformed and yellowed leaves. Place the cut treated with charcoal, and then watered the flower and fertilized at the root of the complex composition.
With the development of the plant or with a noticeable slowdown in growth, tulip geranium needs to be transplanted. As a rule, the procedure is carried out once every 2-3 years. You can determine the need for weak leaves, frequent diseases or prolonged absence of flowering.
Pelargonium is transplanted with a clod of earth into a more spacious pot. After that, the plant should be poured abundantly, and after 4-6 days to make mineral dressing.
Geranium can be propagated by seed or vegetative way. At home, usually used planting cuttings. Seedlings take root well, take root quickly in almost any environment. The breeding algorithm of these colors:
- After the end of the growing season in an adult plant, cuttings are cut to a length of 6-7 cm. It is desirable to make a cut on the node, leaving 2-3 leaflets.
- The seedling is placed in water, where they quickly give roots.
- After rooting, planting material is placed in a pot with a substrate, and a container is placed on the sunny side. Further care is the same as for the adult plant.
In addition, some growers practice seed multiplication. This method is suitable even for beginners, is used to obtain rare and interesting varieties.
Tulip geranium is rarely planted by seed, in most cases already grown plants are purchased, or they are propagated by cuttings. For planting, you must first prepare the ground. Suitable garden land, or a mixture of sod, peat and sand in equal proportions. Landing scheme:
- To enhance the germination of planting material, it is recommended to slightly rub with sandpaper or with a knife edge.
- Before planting, seeds are soaked in a growth stimulator for 2-3 hours and then dried thoroughly.
- The soil must be placed in a wide plastic container, or immediately use an individual container. Seeds slightly deepen into the soil at a distance of 5 cm between plants.
- After planting, the container is covered with a greenhouse effect film. Sprouts appear in 10-14 days. During this period, you need to monitor the soil moisture and conduct airing.
- Transplantation to a permanent place can be carried out when 2-3 healthy leaves are formed on the geranium.
Plant health is largely dependent on the correct care in the first few months. Young geranium especially sick and can die.
Diseases and pests
Geranium is considered a resistant plant with strong immunity to most diseases. If non-compliance with the agrotechnology of cultivation and the rules of care increases the risk of infection. At home, the flower can affect the whitefly, spider mite, mealybug.
It is possible to determine the presence of pests by reducing growth, drying the vegetative parts and buds. The leaves appear characteristic white spots, small holes. It is easiest to get rid of insects with insecticides. It is also important to remove all the affected parts on which the larvae may remain, to cultivate the land.
Among the diseases are rust and gray rot of roots. They can be seen by the presence of irregular spots on the leaf blades, changing the color of the foliage. As a rule, problems arise when excessive watering, overcooling or growing in dry air.
Tulip geranium, unlike other varieties of this plant, is rare. She has beautiful and decorative buds. Some varieties are a real gift for collectors - they are not so easy to find, even in specialized stores. Flower growers note not only the attractive appearance of the plant, but also unpretentiousness, high resistance to adverse conditions. Geranium of this type is quite suitable even for beginners.
Tulip Geranium Flowers
Pelargonium tulip varieties are different from other types of flowers, very similar to the unblown tulips. The flowers are not large, the glass barely reaches a centimeter in height. One flower would look inconspicuous, but on each stem of the plant an inflorescence appears with a lot of tulips (30-50 pieces), and it looks like one big, stunning bouquet of flowers.
Inflorescences come in different shades, from pale pink to deep burgundy. Casting is also different from most varieties, they are shiny and tough. Plant height, subject to the rules of care and pruning ranges from 30 to 70 centimeters. There are several common varieties of tulip geranium:
Geranium Tulip - home care
Externally, tulip-like pelargonium is very different from most other species of this plant, but caring for it at home is just as troublesome. There are rules that are important to follow in order for the plant to feel as comfortable as possible:
- The soil. It is better to take a ready-made universal mixture. But, as an option, you can type the usual garden, mix with peat in the same ratio, add sand, and in such a soil the plant will be very comfortable. To avoid rotting of the roots, it is better to make a drainage.
- Lighting. Geraniums need a bright light, but scattered - bright sunshine burn leaves.
- Temperature. Geranium does not like sudden temperature changes. The optimal mode for it is + 21-26 ° С in the summer and + 14-16 ° С in the winter.
How to water a geranium?
This plant loves water and moisture, drought is destructive for it, but in the winter season and excessive watering can damage the flower. How often to water a geranium in a pot depends on the time of year. In the summer, it needs to moisten the soil every other day, in the winter, about once a week. If brown spots appear on the lower leaves, it means your tulip geranium lacks moisture.
Do not forget about such an important point in the care of a flower, as fertilizing. It is carried out in the summer and autumn 1-2 times a month with liquid fertilizers containing phosphorous and potassium. Do not overdo it with top dressing - if the nutrients are too much, the plant will go to growth, and flowering will fade into the background.
The geranium tulip requires care at the very beginning of spring - the formation of a bush. The fact is that if you let it grow freely, then most likely it will be two or three long stems with several leaves and inflorescence on each. This is not what we would like. In order to form a bushy bush, it is important to cut the geranium in early March after a period of rest.
For pruning plants, we need a disinfected instrument - a pruner or a sharp knife. Scissors in this case will not work - they can deform the stem under compression. Pruning need long stems so that each has at least five buds. In order to prevent rotting, it is necessary to treat the cut sites with charcoal and feed the flower itself.
Collected in a dense inflorescence, almost a ball, pink flowers have an unusual color and shape of the barrel. The inner side of the petal is darker, the outer side is light, pink, with dark streaks. The leaves are bright green with a glossy shine.
Dwarf variety with beautiful orange-red flowers. They are collected in a lush inflorescence of 40 flowers. The leaves are painted in light green color, the edges are carved.
Beautiful lilac non-double flowers on dark peduncle. Each inflorescence includes about 10-15 flowers. Blooms profusely, there are several flower stalks on one plant. The leaves are dense, on strong petioles, dull, green, covered with fine fuzz. The edge of the sheet plate is wavy. The variety is low and very resistant to climate change. Easily tolerates hot summer weather.
Peculiarities of home care
At home, caring for tulip pelargonium is no different from caring for other members of its species. Careful attention should be paid to the time of flowering: if an ordinary flower appears in the inflorescence, it should be removed immediately. When the flower reappears, which fully blooms during flowering, it is recommended to trim the entire plant at the root.
What do you need for flowering?
To obtain a lush flowering of pelargonium tulip need to provide good lighting throughout the year, but without direct sunlight. In winter time - cool content on the windowsill, in the heated loggia or greenhouse, where the temperature will not fall below 14 degrees.
Timely dressing with potash and phosphate fertilizers stimulates abundant flowering. Pruning in the autumn time will lay new shoots with flower stalks.
Forming a bush
The formation of pelargonium produce during pruning in early spring. There are dwarf pelargoniums, which practically do not need pruning. Most often, tulip-like pelargonium is a small spreading bush, but there is also a standard form. To do this, lower branches and leaves are removed, the stem is fixed on a support. It will be difficult to keep the cap from the leaves and branches of the fragile stalk.
Diseases and pests
Pelargonium tulip is subject to the same diseases as other members of the family.
Among insects, it is the whitefly, spider mite and mealybug.
A sign of the appearance of the whitefly is yellowing and dropping leaves. You can fight it with an insecticide spray. Spraying is better outdoors in calm weather, away from direct sunlight. For this fit such drugs as "Fitoverm", "Fufa-Nova" or "Aktara". The last drug for some time makes the juice of the plant poisonous. In the room the plant can be wiped with alcohol, after conducting a test on one of the sheets.
These drugs are suitable for the fight against spider mites. It appears on the plant as a thin web and small insects visible to the naked eye.
Белый налет на цветке и сахаристые выделения говорят о поражении мучнистым червецом. Бороться с вредителем можно протирая растение ватным диском, смоченным в мыльном растворе.
Ржавчина, серая гниль и черная ножка — это болезни, которые чаще всего встречаются на пеларгонии. Whitish circles on the leaves of geraniums say about the defeat of rust. The treatment will be to remove the affected parts of the plant by treatment with a fungicide.
Gray rot appears as a gray bloom on the leaves. The affected parts of the plant will have to be removed.
To save the plant from the black leg is almost impossible. The main symptom of the disease is the black stem: first at the base, and then across the entire height. The leaves turn yellow, wither and fall. At the first sign of a black leg, you can try to save the plant by cutting off the top and rooting it.
Disease and pest prevention
Avoiding defeat of pelargonium diseases can be moderated in watering, especially in a cool room in winter. It is not recommended to transplant a plant from a pot to a bed in the summer. Because of this, tulip-like pelargonium will experience stress, grow poorly, the probability of infection with insects will increase several times.
It is important to inspect the plant in time for the presence of pests and diseases, and during transplantation to use the ground that has been sterilized. To do this, it can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, boiling water or calcined in the oven. When transplanting it is necessary to pour drainage onto the bottom of the pot, for example, expanded clay or chopped ceramic pots. This will save the plant from stagnant water and root rot.
The main secrets of breeding and landing
There are two ways of breeding tulip geraniums.
The easiest and most affordable is grafting. Cuttings can be obtained in sufficient quantities after pruning a plant.
The second method of reproduction - seeds. It is impossible to get the seeds, which retain all maternal characteristics, at home. Therefore, do not try to grow tulip geranium from seeds. Consider that there are many scammers on the Internet who sell seeds of such pelargoniums, do not fall for them.
To obtain a plant from cuttings, it is necessary to choose processes on which there are 2-3 leaflets formed and at least 1-2 internodes at the bottom of the cutting. You can get the cuttings after pruning in late August. The cut is made with a clean, sterile instrument. You can use a blade or a paper knife. Disinfect the blade with alcohol.
After pruning, the cuttings are left at room temperature until the cut is wrapped.
If the plant gives roots poorly, you can use another way to get the cutting. On a suitable shoot, make a circular incision with a blade through the kidney. At the site of the incision is formed a growth - gum. Hillocks soon form on the gums. This is the root of the roots. The stalk is ready, it is cut and planted in the ground.
For the usual method of producing cuttings, you can use the root stimulator. Cuttings of tulip-like pelargonium root poorly in the water, they begin to rot. It is better to immediately put in small pots, the volume of not more than a plastic cup, or in a peat tablet. Drainage must be poured at the bottom of the glass, and the ground half should consist of sand. If the cutting starts to fade, it is necessary to cover it with a can. Sign of rooting is the emergence of new leaves. When the roots fill the entire area of the cup, you can repot the plant in a real pot.
The use of a peat tablet simplifies the cutting process. Before planting, they are treated with boiling water and impregnated with water with a root formation stimulator. Excess water is drained. The stalk is placed in a tablet and the peat is pressed tightly to the stem. Watering is carried out very carefully, as the peat retains a lot of moisture. After the formation of a good root system, the sheath of the pill is cut off with sharp scissors and the plant is transplanted into a pot.
As mentioned above, we do not recommend growing tulip-like pelargonium from seeds, since they lose their maternal characteristics. Some flower growers say that when growing this variety, the plant sometimes loses its main feature - inflorescences in the form of unopened tulips. If you are faced with such a problem, then it is necessary to cut the stems on which such inflorescences have blossomed.
When growing a variety of seeds, you will most likely notice that you have a completely different plant than planned. But if you still decide to try - do it right.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in a growth stimulator and potassium permanganate, and then in pure water for 3 hours. Soil for landing can be prepared independently. The composition should include turf, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. Seeds are not deeply buried, they are sprinkled on top with moist sand or earth, but not more than 1 cm.
Soil must be disinfected. To do this, it can be shed with potassium permanganate or calcined in the oven. Do not forget that even the soil from the store needs to be processed. Seeds are planted at a distance of 5 cm from each other and cover with a film. If the soil was dry, it is carefully watered from a small sprayer, it is possible with the addition of a stimulator.
The container is placed on a well-lit window sill, shielding it from direct sunlight. After 2 weeks, the first shoots appear. After the appearance of these leaves, seedlings are seated in pots with a diameter of not more than 10 cm. At the bottom of the pot there must be drainage. When the plant reaches 15 cm, it is pinched, so the bush becomes strong and branchy.
Pelargonium grows very long in one pot, during which time the daughter plants are formed. During the spring plant transplant, you can separate the new shoots. Plants gently pull out of the pot, shake off the ground and share the roots.
The young plant should remain strong full roots. The places where the plants grow together are separated with a sterile knife and the cut is treated with activated charcoal. New plants can immediately be planted in small pots.
Application in landscape design
Tulip Pelargonium - capricious beauty. It can decorate balconies and verandas, as well as outdoor flowerpots, but under certain conditions. The stalk of pelargonium is very fragile, from strong winds it can break. Draft geranium also does not transfer. It is better to put it outside in your own pot, without replanting.
From the frequent change of the pot the plant may die. Also on the street more likely to become infected with insects - parasites. This sissy feels great throughout the year in the conditions of the room.